CN103585861A - Plant-activating composition and preparation method desiccant - Google Patents

Plant-activating composition and preparation method desiccant Download PDF

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CN103585861A
CN103585861A CN 201310515740 CN201310515740A CN103585861A CN 103585861 A CN103585861 A CN 103585861A CN 201310515740 CN201310515740 CN 201310515740 CN 201310515740 A CN201310515740 A CN 201310515740A CN 103585861 A CN103585861 A CN 103585861A
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plant
desiccant
dregs
activator
activating
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CN 201310515740
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王宫
喻天柱
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福州杉峰生物科技有限公司
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Abstract

A plant activator drying agent comprises waste decoction dregs activated by an activating agent after traditional Chinese medicine active components are extracted. The preparation method of the plant activator drying agent comprises: waste decoction dreg activating, granulating, size stabilizing, drying and the like. The prepared plant activator drying agent has good antibacterial moisture-absorbing effects, wherein the anti-bacterial effect is first degrade detected by SGS organization and the moisture-absorbing effect is 3.5 times of the moisture-absorbing effect of common silica gel; and the plant activator drying agent has no damage to human body, no harm after taken mistakenly and high moisture absorbing performance, and is widely applicable to fields of food and daily-use chemical industry.

Description

植物活化物干燥剂及其制备方法 Plant-activating composition and preparation method desiccant

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种植物活化物干燥剂,及其植物活化物干燥剂的制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a plant activator desiccant, plant-activating composition and preparation method desiccant.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前使用的干燥剂主要以硅胶、蒙脱石和生石灰为原料制作而成。 [0002] There is currently used mainly in the silica gel desiccant, montmorillonite and calcium oxide as raw made. 硅胶干燥剂是透湿性小袋包装的不同品种的硅胶,主要原料硅胶是一种高微孔结构的含水二氧化硅,无毒、无味、无嗅,化学性质稳定,具强烈的吸湿性能。 Silica gel desiccant is silica gel moisture-permeable sachet of different varieties, the main raw material silica is a highly porous structure of silica aqueous, non-toxic, tasteless, odorless, chemically stable, with a strong hygroscopic property. 但是其在温度较大的环境中吸附大量水后易破裂,且再生温度高,也容易被误食或当作调味品吃下。 However, after a large amount of water adsorption at a temperature of breakable larger environments, and high regeneration temperatures, it can also be easily ingested as seasoning or eating.

[0003] 蒙脱石干燥剂采用纯天然原料膨润土,它在室温及一般湿度下吸附性能良好,具有吸附活性,静态减湿和异味去除等功效。 [0003] Montmorillonite desiccant bentonite pure natural materials, it is good adsorption properties at room temperature and humidity in general, adsorption activity, static dehumidification and odor removal and other effects. 但其中可能含有重金属盐和大量其他杂质,并且用完后丢弃的干燥剂会造成环境污染。 But it may contain a large number of heavy metal salts and other impurities, and discarded after use desiccant cause environmental pollution.

[0004] 生石灰干燥剂的主要成分为氧化钙,其吸水能力是通过化学反应来实现的,因此吸水具有不可逆性。 [0004] The main component of the drying agent is calcium oxide quicklime, its water absorption capacity is achieved by chemical reaction, thus having a water absorption irreversible. 不管外界环境湿度高低,它能保持大于自重35%的吸湿能力,具有极好的干燥吸湿效果。 Regardless of the level of ambient humidity, it remains greater than 35% of the weight of the moisture absorption capacity, with excellent moisture drying effect. 但是其吸水后为碱性化学物质,对角膜的破坏性很强,一旦进入眼中,就会引起眼角膜和结膜的烧伤,这种碱性烧伤的危害性大,具有向深层组织侵犯的特点,轻者治愈后造成角膜白斑,视力下降,重者造成角膜穿孔而失明。 But after absorption of water is a basic chemical substance, very destructive to the cornea, once into the eye, the cornea and conjunctiva can cause burns, burns large such basic dangers, violated as having the characteristics of deep tissue, causing light after cure walleye, decreased vision, severe cases cause perforation of the cornea and blindness.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明所要解决的技术问题之一在于提供一种植物活化物干燥剂,该干燥剂对身体无伤害,误食后无危害。 [0005] One of the present invention is to provide a technical problem plant activator desiccant, the desiccant no harm to the body, no harm after eating.

[0006] 本发明是通过以下技术方案解决上述技术问题之一的:一种植物活化物干燥剂,包括中药活性成分被提取后,经活化剂活化的废弃药渣。 [0006] The present invention is to solve one of the above-described technical problems by the following technical solutions: A plant-activating composition desiccants, including the active ingredient after medicine is extracted, activated by the activator dregs discarded.

[0007] 优选地,所述中药由质量分数比为3:3:3:1的黄精、黄芪、桑葚和西洋参组成。 [0007] Preferably, the ratio of the mass fraction of medicine 3: 3: 3: 1, Polygonatum, tragacanth, mulberry and American ginseng composition.

[0008] 优选地,所述活化剂为氢氧化钠,且氢氧化钠的用量为废弃药洛重量的5-15%。 [0008] Preferably, the activator is sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydroxide in an amount of 5-15% by weight of waste Los drug.

[0009] 本发明所要解决的技术问题之二在于提供一种植物活化物干燥剂的制备方法,工艺简单,成本低。 [0009] wherein two of the present invention to solve the technical problem of providing a method for preparing a plant activator desiccant, simple process and low cost.

[0010] 本发明是通过以下技术方案解决上述技术问题之二的:一种所述的植物活化物干燥剂的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0010] The present invention is to solve the above two technical problem by the following technical solutions: A method for preparing a plant-activating composition of the drying agent, comprising the steps of:

[0011] (I)活化废弃药渣:将中药活性成分被提取后的废弃药渣烘干至水分小于10%,再粉碎至30-50目;加入废弃药渣重量的5-15%氢氧化钠搅拌均匀,置于活化炉中,分别在温度100-130°C、190-24(TC、250-28(rC、300-32(rC、410-46(rC 下进行干燥、热风解、塑化、炭化和活化,得到产物;用40%乙醇溶液洗涤所述产物至中性,然后去除多余的水分以获得活化后的废弃药渣; [0011] (I) dregs activated waste: Waste dregs of reactive component will be extracted dried to a moisture of less than 10%, and then ground to 30-50 mesh; 5-15% is added by weight of the hydroxide waste dregs stir sodium, placed in a furnace activation, respectively, at a temperature of 100-130 ° C, 190-24 (TC, 250-28 (rC, 300-32 (rC, 410-46 (rC was dried under hot air solutions, plastic of, carbonization and activation, to give the product; washed with 40% ethanol solution of the product to neutral and then remove excess water to obtain dregs discarded after activation;

[0012] (2)用混合机混合所述废弃药渣和水提干膏,用整粒机造粒、整粒,在温度100-130 0C下烘干,过筛、包装,获得产品。 [0012] (2) with a mixer mixing the waste and water extract dry paste dregs, granulated with a granulator, sieved and oven dried at a temperature of 100-130 0C, sieving and packaging, the product is obtained.

[0013] 优选地,所述中药由质量分数比为3:3:3:1的黄精、黄芪、桑葚和西洋参组成。 [0013] Preferably, the ratio of the mass fraction of medicine 3: 3: 3: 1, Polygonatum, tragacanth, mulberry and American ginseng composition. [0014] 本发明的有益效果在于:植物活化物干燥剂具有良好的抗菌吸湿效果,经SGS机构检测其抗菌效果为一级;吸湿效果是普通硅胶的3.5倍;而且对身体无伤害,误食后无危害,吸湿性高,可广泛应用于食品及日用化工领域。 [0014] Advantageous effects of the present invention: plant-activating composition has good antibacterial desiccant moisture absorption, SGS tests an antibacterial effect; moisture absorption is 3.5 times the ordinary silica gel; and no harm to the body, eating after the non-hazardous, high moisture absorption, it can be widely used in food and daily chemical industry.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 一种植物活化物干燥剂,包括中药活性成分被提取后,经活化剂活化后的废弃药渣。 [0015] A plant-activating composition desiccants, including the traditional Chinese medicine active ingredients are extracted, activated by the activator after the dregs discarded. 所述中药由质量分数比为3:3:3:1的黄精、黄芪、桑葚和西洋参组成。 1 Huang Jing composition, tragacanth, mulberry and American ginseng: a mass ratio of said herbal fraction 3: 3: 3. 所述活化剂为氢氧化钠,且氢氧化钠的用量为废弃药渣重量的5-15%。 The activating agent is sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydroxide in an amount of 5-15% by weight of the dregs discarded.

[0016] 所述植物活化物干燥剂的制备方法如下: [0016] The method for preparing a plant activator desiccant follows:

[0017] (I)提取中药:将黄精、黄芪、桑葚、西洋参分别烘干,并按3:3:3:1的重量比混合,粉碎至30目以获得中药;分别用中药体积的15、10、8倍体积的水浸泡中药3次,每次20分钟,然后常压煎煮提取2次、过滤,获得废弃药渣,滤液部分为活性成分,作为其他产品使用。 [0017] (I) on Extraction: Polygonatum, tragacanth, mulberry, ginseng were dried, press 3: 3: 3: 1 weight ratio mixture, pulverized to 30 mesh to obtain a medicine; medicine volume 15 respectively, 10,8 medicine volumes of water immersion 3 times for 20 minutes, then extracted twice atmospheric boiling, filtered to obtain dregs discarded, the filtrate was part of the active ingredient, as another product.

[0018] (2)活化废弃药渣:将所述废弃药渣烘干至水分小于10%,再粉碎至30-50目;力口入废弃药渣重量的5-15%氢氧化钠(活化剂)搅拌均匀(采用混合机,转速为每分钟200-250次),置于活化炉中,分别在温度100-130°C、190-240°C>250-280°C>300-320°C,410-460°C下进行干燥、热风解、塑化、炭化和活化,得到活化后的产物;用40%乙醇溶液洗涤所述产物至中性以回收氢氧化钠,然后去除多余的水分以获得活化的产物; [0018] (2) activation of the dregs discarded: the dregs waste drying to a moisture of less than 10%, and then ground to 30-50 mesh; dregs discarded force the mouth of 5-15 wt% sodium hydroxide (activating agent) and mix (using the mixer speed is 200-250 times per minute), was placed in the activation furnace, respectively, at a temperature of 100-130 ° C, 190-240 ° C> 250-280 ° C> 300-320 ° carried out in C, 410-460 ° C drying, hot air solutions, plasticizers, carbonization and activation, the product obtained after activation; solution was washed with 40% ethanol to recover the product neutral sodium hydroxide, and then removing the excess water to obtain an activated product;

[0019] (3)用整粒机造粒、整粒,在温度100-130°C下烘干,过筛(40目)、包装,获得产品即植物活化物干燥剂。 [0019] (3) granulated with a granulator, granulated by drying at a temperature of 100-130 ° C, sieved (40 mesh), packaging, the product is obtained i.e. a plant activator desiccant.

[0020] 考察所述植物活化物干燥剂的各项性能,具体内容如下: [0020] investigated the performance of the plant-activating composition of the desiccant, as follows:

[0021 ] 一、植物活化物干燥剂抑菌试验 [0021] a plant activator desiccant Antibacterial

[0022] 方法:根据ASTM G21-1996合成聚合材料防霉性的测定标准进行检测。 [0022] Method: detecting criteria of fungus resistance was measured according to ASTM G21-1996 synthetic polymeric material.

[0023] 测试的菌种有:曲霉属真菌尼日尔ATCC9642,毛壳菌属毛壳菌ATCC6205,粘帚霉属ATCC9645,短梗霉属ATCC15233,青霉菌属ATCCl 1797。 [0023] The test species are: Aspergillus Niger ATCC9642, Chaetomium Chaetomium ATCC6205, Gliocladium ATCC9645, Aureobasidium ATCC15233, Penicillium ATCCl 1797.

[0024] 结果:加入植物活化物干燥剂的培养基,菌落数减少15% ;未加入植物活化物干燥剂的培养基菌落数增加65%。 [0024] Results: Plant activators medium was added desiccant, 15% reduction in the number of colonies; medium number of colonies plant-activating composition is not added to the desiccant 65% increase.

[0025] 结论:植物活化物干燥剂对多种真菌有明显抑制作用。 [0025] Conclusion: plant-activating the desiccant was significantly inhibited wide range of fungi.

[0026] 二、植物活化物干燥剂对小白鼠血清尿素的影响: [0026] Second, the plant-activating composition of the drying agent mouse serum urea:

[0027] I实验材料 [0027] I Experimental Materials

[0028] 1.1样品本发明的植物活化物干燥剂。 [0028] 1.1 Plant activators desiccant inventive samples.

[0029] 1.2实验动物清洁级ICR小鼠,雄性,体重22_24g ;清洁级SD大鼠,雄性,体重120-140g,许可证号:SCXK (闽)2004— 0002。 [0029] 1.2 Experimental animals ICR mice clean grade, male, weighing 22_24g; SD rats, male, weighing 120-140 g, license number: SCXK (Min) 2004-0002. 由福建医科大学实验动物中心提供。 Provided by the Experimental Animal Center of Fujian Medical University.

[0030] 1.3动物词料小鼠为正常颗粒料,大鼠为闻脂词料;闻脂词料配方:78.8%基础词料、I %胆固醇、10 %蛋黄粉、10 %猪油、0.2 %胆盐混合制成颗粒。 [0030] 1.3 Animal feed word pellets normal mice, rats smell lipid material word; smell aliphatic words batch formulation: 78.8% base material words, I% cholesterol, 10% egg yolk powder, 10% of lard, 0.2% particles of bile salt blend.

[0031] 1.4仪器与试剂UA、TC、TG、HDL-C试剂盒:由上海荣盛生物技术有限公司提供;酵母膏:由北京双旋微生物培养基制品厂生产;别嘌呤醇片:由江苏方强制药厂生产;半自动生化分析仪:日立photometer4020。 [0031] 1.4 Instrument and reagents UA, TC, TG, HDL-C kit: provided by Shanghai Rongsheng Sheng Biotechnology Limited; yeast extract: manufactured by Beijing Plant ambidextrous microbial culture; allopurinol tablets: Jiangsu Fang Qiang pharmaceutical production; semi-automatic biochemical analyzer: Hitachi photometer4020.

[0032] 2实验方法[0033] 2.1降尿酸动物试验 [0032] Experimental Method [0033] 2.1 Experimental animals hypouricemic

[0034] 2.1.1高尿酸血症模型的建立:用酵母膏以30g/kg.d.只的剂量给小鼠灌胃,连续7天,即可造成小鼠高尿酸血症模型。 Create [0034] 2.1.1 hyperuricemia model: only mice fed with a dose of yeast extract to 30g / kg.d, 7 days, to hyperuricemia model mice.

[0035] 2.1.2实验分组和给药:雄性ICR小鼠随机分成空白组和给药组,给药组分为低剂量组、中剂量组、高剂量组共四组,每组10只。 [0035] 2.1.2 Grouping and administration: male ICR mice were randomly divided into control group and the administration group, the administration group into low dose group, middle dose group and high dose group were four groups of 10 each. 开始实验时,除空白组外,其它各组分别以30g/kg.d.只剂量的酵母膏灌胃造摸,连续7天,空白组给予蒸馏水。 When the start of the experiment, except the blank group, the other groups were at 30g / kg.d. Yeast extract dose orally only touch made, for 7 days, the control group given distilled water. 第6天开始给药组分别按450、900、1800mg/kg的剂量给予用0.5%CMC_Na (羧甲基纤维素钠)配制成植物活化物干燥剂混悬液。 6th day administration group were dosed 450,900,1800mg / kg administered with 0.5% CMC_Na (sodium carboxymethyl cellulose) was formulated as a plant-activating desiccant suspension. 第10天在给药2h后摘眼球采血,采用鳞钨酸法测定血清尿素氮。 10 days after administration 2h eyeballs blood, serum urea nitrogen was measured using scales acid method.

[0036] 表1植物活化物干燥剂对小鼠血清尿素氮的影响 [0036] Table 1 Effect of plant-activating composition of the desiccant mouse serum urea nitrogen

Figure CN103585861AD00051

[0038] 注:与对照组比较,%P < 0.06 [0038] Note: Compared with control group,% P <0.06

[0039] 实验结果表明,中、低剂量组小鼠血清尿素氮含量低于对照组,其中低剂量组小鼠血清尿素氮含量相较对照组显著降低(p〈0.06),表明本发明的植物活化物干燥剂具有降低负重游泳小鼠血清尿素氮的作用。 [0039] The results showed that the urea nitrogen content in the low dose group than the control group of mice serum, wherein the low dose group mice serum urea nitrogen decreased significantly compared with the control group (p <0.06), show that the plant of the invention activator desiccant reducing serum urea nitrogen having the swimming mice.

[0040] 三、植物活化物干燥剂对小鼠的急性毒性作用 [0040] Third, the plant-activating acute toxicity in mice was desiccant

[0041] I实验材料 [0041] I Experimental Materials

[0042] 1.1 动物 [0042] 1.1 Animals

[0043] 采用昆明种小白鼠:清洁级,18_22g,由上海斯莱克实验动物责任有限公司提供,动物合格证号:SCXK (沪)2007-0005 O [0043] The Kunming mice: clean grade, 18_22g, provided by Shanghai SLAC Laboratory Animal limited liability company, Animal Certificate of Conformity: SCXK (Shanghai) 2007-0005 O

[0044] 1.2 样品 [0044] 1.2 Sample

[0045] 植物活化物干燥剂,每克成药相当于生药量1.15g,相当于成人每天2次、每次I包。 [0045] The plant-activating composition of desiccant, per gram of the amount of crude drug medicine 1.15g, equivalent to 2 times a day for adults, I every packet. 实验给药前用蒸馏水配置为含该药内容物100%的混悬液,现用现配。 Before the experiment was 100% of the dosing configured suspension containing the drug content with distilled water, using now.

[0046] 试验方法:将植物活化物干燥剂受试药物配制成最大浓度为0.3g / ml (生药 [0046] Test Method: The test drug desiccant plant-activating composition formulated a maximum concentration of 0.3g / ml (crude drug

0.345g / ml)的溶液,小鼠灌胃可耐受的最大体积(0.4ml / IOg体重),给予10只昆明种实验小鼠(雌雄各半)一次性灌胃给药。 0.345g / ml) solution of mice fed the maximum tolerable volume (0.4ml / IOg body weight), administered 10 Kunming mice (male and female) disposable gavage. 灌胃前禁食不禁水12h,给药后常规饲养,在给药的当天小鼠行为活动、精神状态、饮食饮水、大小便均为正常,连续观察7d。 Fasted before gavage water 12h, after administration of conventional breeding, the day of dosing behavior activity in mice, spirits, food and water, urine are normal, continuous observation 7d. 未见小鼠死亡,无法测出本品的半数致死量(LD50),提示本制剂是安全的,故改做小鼠最大给药量试验。 No mice died, median lethal dose can not be measured this product (the LD50), suggesting that the preparation is safe, it is changed into the maximum dose of the test mice.

[0047] 最大给药量测定:取昆明种小鼠20只,雌雄各半分笼饲养3天。 [0047] Determination of the maximum dose: 20 Kunming mice, male and female were housed for 3 days. 试验前禁食不禁水12h后,以植物活化物干燥剂按每次最大体积0.4ml/10g,最大浓度为0.12g/ml灌胃给药,I天3次,每次间隔6h ;每次灌胃后观察小鼠的形体外观,行为活动,精神活动,呼吸,食欲,大小便及其颜色,鼻、眼、耳、口腔有无异常分泌物,体重变化及死亡情况,连续观察7d。 Fasted before the test water after 12h, plant activator desiccant by each maximum volume 0.4ml / 10g, the maximum concentration of 0.12g / ml oral administration, the I day 3 times with an interval 6H; each irrigation after the stomach of mice were observed physical appearance, behavior, mental activity, breathing, loss of appetite, and their urine color, nose, eyes, ears, mouth without abnormal secretions, weight change and death, continuous observation 7d. [0048] 采用SPSS13.0软件进行数据统计处理,小鼠急性毒性实验(最大给药量测定)体重统计结果如下表所示: [0048] software SPSS13.0 for statistical processing, the acute toxicity test (Determination of the maximum dose) statistics body weight of mice as follows:

[0049] 表2植物活化物干燥剂小鼠急性毒性实验(量大给药量测定)体重统计+ S ) [0049] TABLE 2 Acute toxicity test Mice desiccant plant activator (large dose measurement) weight statistics + S)

Figure CN103585861AD00061

[0051] 试验结果表明,给药后7d内,动物未见死亡,一般状况良好,饮食、大小便正常,且外观、皮毛、行为、呼吸均正常,鼻、眼、口腔无异常分泌物,进食量也无显著性差异,各器官正常,未见其它明显异常反应。 [0051] The results showed that, within 7d after administration, the animals no deaths, generally in good condition, diet, urine normal, and the appearance, fur, behavior, respiration were normal, nose, eyes, mouth no abnormal secretions, eating an amount of no significant difference in various organs normal, no other obvious abnormalities reaction. 故植物活化物干燥剂小鼠最大给药量与成人每日用量的倍数为: Therefore, the maximum dose of adult mice desiccant plant activator multiples daily dosage:

[0052] 小鼠最大给药量倍数= [0052] The maximum amount administered to mice ratio =

[0053] 小鼠一日最大给药量/小鼠平均体重(20g) X成人平均体^OOOOg) /成人每日用 [0053] The maximum dose in mice a day / mean body weight of mice (20g) X average adult body ^ OOOOg) / day for adults with

the amount

[0054] = (0.12g/ml) X (0.4mlX2) X3/20gX60000g/l.0gX2X1 [0054] = (0.12g / ml) X (0.4mlX2) X3 / 20gX60000g / l.0gX2X1

[0055] =432 (倍) [0055] = 432 (times)

[0056] 植物活化物干燥剂以废弃药渣主要原料,经加工制作的颗粒,可被广泛用于食品、日用化工领域,由于目前大量使用的硅胶类干燥剂具有潜在的毒性风险,许多国家都被禁止使用。 [0056] Plant activators desiccants waste dregs main raw material, manufacture of the particles, can be widely used in food, daily chemical industry, due to the current widely used silica-based desiccant potential risk of toxicity, many countries They are prohibited. 所以,对本品进行毒性试验研究,为寻找一种安全可靠、无毒的替代产品,具有十分重要的意义。 Therefore, experimental research on the toxicity of this product were as looking for a safe, non-toxic alternative products, has great significance. 本发明的植物活化物干燥剂按每次最大体积0.4ml/10g,最大浓度为0.12g/ml灌胃给药,3次/天,每次间隔6h,动物没有出现死亡,相当于60kg成人日用量的432倍。 A plant-activating composition of the present invention by a desiccant per maximum volume 0.4ml / 10g, the maximum concentration of 0.12g / ml gavage, 3 times / day at intervals of 6h, no dead animals, adult day is equivalent to 60kg 432 times the amount. 故植物活化物干燥剂灌胃给予小鼠无急性毒性作用,属实际无毒。 Therefore, oral administration of plant-activating the desiccant was no acute toxicity in mice, is nontoxic.

[0057] 其中,本发明所述的废弃药渣可以是其他不同的中药,其活性成分被提取后的药渣。 [0057] wherein discarding the dregs of the present invention is capable of other different medicine, dregs of the active ingredient is extracted.

Claims (5)

  1. 1.一种植物活化物干燥剂,其特征在于:包括中药活性成分被提取后,经活化剂活化的废弃药渣。 A plant-activating composition of desiccant, characterized in that: the medicine comprising an active ingredient is extracted, activated by the activator dregs discarded.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的植物活化物干燥剂,其特征在于:所述中药由质量分数比为3:3:3:1的黄精、黄芪、桑葚和西洋参组成。 2. A plant-activating composition of the desiccant as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a mass ratio of said herbal fraction 3: 3: 3: 1, Polygonatum, tragacanth, mulberry and American ginseng composition.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的植物活化物干燥剂,其特征在于:所述活化剂为氢氧化钠,且氢氧化钠的用量为废弃药渣重量的5-15%。 Plant-activating composition of the desiccant as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said activator is sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydroxide in an amount of 5-15% by weight of the dregs discarded.
  4. 4.一种如权利要求1所述的植物活化物干燥剂的制备方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤: (O活化废弃药渣:将中药活性成分被提取后的废弃药渣烘干至水分小于10%,再粉碎至30-50目;加入废弃药渣重量的5-15%氢氧化钠搅拌均匀,置于活化炉中,分别在温度100-130°C、190-240°C、250-280°C、300-320°C、410-460°C 下进行干燥、热风解、塑化、炭化和活化,得到产物;用40%乙醇溶液洗涤所述产物至中性,然后去除多余的水分以获得活化后的废弃药渣; (2 )用混合机混合所述废弃药渣和水提干膏,用整粒机造粒、整粒,在温度100-130 V下烘干,过筛、包装,获得产品。 4. A method for preparing a plant activator desiccant according to claim 1, characterized in that: comprising the steps of: (dregs waste activated O: dregs discarded after the extraction of reactive component is dried to a moisture less than 10%, and then ground to 30-50 mesh; dregs discarded added 5-15 wt% sodium hydroxide was stirred uniformly, placed in a furnace activation, respectively, at a temperature of 100-130 ° C, 190-240 ° C, 250 -280 ° C, 300-320 ° C, at 410-460 ° C for drying, hot air solutions, plasticizers, carbonization and activation, to give the product; washed with 40% ethanol solution of the product to neutral and then remove the excess the waste water to obtain an activated dregs; (2) mixing the waste with a mixer and the water extract dry paste dregs, granulated with a granulator, sieved and dried at a temperature of 100-130 V, sieved packaging, the product is obtained.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的植物活化物干燥剂的制备方法,其特征在于:所述中药由质量分数比为3:3:3:1的黄精、黄芪、桑葚和西洋参组成。 5. A method for preparing plant-activating composition of the desiccant as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the medicine by the mass fraction ratio of 3: 1, Polygonatum, tragacanth, mulberry and American ginseng composition: 3: 3.
CN 201310515740 2013-10-28 2013-10-28 Plant-activating composition and preparation method desiccant CN103585861A (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09103635A (en) * 1995-08-04 1997-04-22 Toyobo Co Ltd Low temperature regeneration type moisture absorbing element
CN1526471A (en) * 2003-03-07 2004-09-08 唐志群 Allochroic fiber drying agent and its prepn and use
CN102600705A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-07-25 福建省中医药研究院 Edible plant dryer

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09103635A (en) * 1995-08-04 1997-04-22 Toyobo Co Ltd Low temperature regeneration type moisture absorbing element
CN1526471A (en) * 2003-03-07 2004-09-08 唐志群 Allochroic fiber drying agent and its prepn and use
CN102600705A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-07-25 福建省中医药研究院 Edible plant dryer

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