CN103583304A - Forestation method for fighting drought - Google Patents

Forestation method for fighting drought Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103583304A
CN103583304A CN201310486067.6A CN201310486067A CN103583304A CN 103583304 A CN103583304 A CN 103583304A CN 201310486067 A CN201310486067 A CN 201310486067A CN 103583304 A CN103583304 A CN 103583304A
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
planting
stem
nursery stock
tree
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Pending
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CN201310486067.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王洪军
朱明君
邵广练
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GUZHEN COUNTY HUAIHONG GREY SWAN FARMING SPECIALTY COOPERATIVE
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GUZHEN COUNTY HUAIHONG GREY SWAN FARMING SPECIALTY COOPERATIVE
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Priority to CN201310486067.6A priority Critical patent/CN103583304A/en
Publication of CN103583304A publication Critical patent/CN103583304A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention relates to a forestation method for fighting drought and relates to the technical field of large-area tree planting. The method is characterized by including planting trees according to the environment, preparing soil in advance, foresting with container seedling, foresting through mulching, foresting through cutting trunks, soaking roots before planting, and tending managing. The method is clear and simple in step, easy in operation, quite convenient, reasonable, simple to implement, and good in implementation effect.

Description

A kind of method of drought resisting forestation
Technical field:
The present invention relates to trees establishing in large scale technical field, be specifically related to a kind of method of drought resisting forestation.
Background technology:
Ecological engineering refers to material recycle principle in the application ecosystem, the layered multi-stage of the optimal method design of coupling system engineering utilizes the production technology system of material, its objective is the principles such as different plant species symbiosis in biocoenosis, material and energy multi-level utilization, environmental self-purification and material recycle regeneration are combined with the optimization method of system engineering, reach the object that resource is multi-level and recycle.As the forest ecosystem of utilizing sandwich construction increase to absorb luminous energy area, utilize plant absorption and some micro heavy of enrichment and utilize waste heat breeding aquatile etc.
And in recent years; the successful implementation of the forestry emphasis ecological engineerings such as conceding the land to forestry, three Norths shelter forest; give other areas many experiences of having taken; but in certain areas, need autonomous method; will bring like this tentative of plantation; may bring economic loss, may not have the effect of good protection of the environment, may waste too much human resources.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to overcome existing technological deficiency a kind of method that method is reasonable, implement simple, implementation result is good a kind of drought resisting forestation is provided.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
A method for drought resisting forestation, is characterized in that: comprises the following steps,
Step 1, matching species with the site: according to different environment and geographical situation, science zoning site type, selects different afforestation kind trees, accomplish Qiao, fill with combination, pin, wealthy laying equal stress on, take indigenous tree species as main, and economic tree and ecological seeds are reasonably combined.What land occupation condition was poor take the drought-resistant seeds such as arbor-vitae, locust tree as main; Land occupation condition can suitably develop some economic trees preferably;
Step 2, shift to an earlier date whole ground: time of site preparation shifts to an earlier date half a year, also can be in the rainy season of last season or the previous year whole ground, method of soil preparation take conserve water and soil, minimum vegetation destruction is principle, takes whole ground, middle fish scale pit, specification is 60cm*40cm*40cm;
Step 3, container seedling forestation: at the bottom of tearing container bag while planting, or remove container bottom, keep soil to stick together complete, enter acupoint depth and be advisable to surpass container sack 1-2cm, side is real by soil pressure, and covers last layer fine earth;
Step 4, overlay film afforestation: first a seam is cut to center in one side of film, during cultivation, cave is made into shallow pot bottom-shape, edge, cave is a little less than ground.Plant mulch film on bonnet, make nursery stock ground stem by center membrane, with soil film surrounding and the seam compacting of scratching, earthing wide and thick be 3-5cm, between nursery stock rhizome and mulch film, the thick 5-7cm of earthing, accomplishes overlay film tight, without air-vent, forms umbrella shape;
Step 5, planting with truncated stem: trees cutting strunk height is no more than 10-15cm.Nonwood forest trees is cutting strunk not, is surely to do; Coniferous tree is cutting strunk not.During cutting strunk, to notice that not making nursery stock stem break heaves out stem skin, while also should be noted that cutting strunk, the stem ridging heap being exposed on bottom surface will be reserved to 2-3cm;
Step 6, soak root before planting: first will select breeding strong sprout, can select the qualified nursery stock of I and II; Secondly, adopt with lifting with the method for planting as far as possible, and to the nursery stock through heeling in, transporting for long-distance, afforestation immersion in first 1 day 24 hours, if dehydration is heavier, can extend soaking time 2-3 days; Bareroot seedling is dipped in rapidly root or dips in mud with 100-300mg/kgABT3 root-inducing powder at the money of planting in addition, by other water conservation mass treatment such as solid water, water-loss reducers;
Step 7, tending management: after transplanted seedling tree, to becoming current, also need a seedling-slowing stage, loosen the soil in time, hole, pruning bud picking, fertilizer irrigation are catchmented in weeding, maintenance.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: very clear simple of above-mentioned steps, be applicable to personnel's reference and use specialty or non-professional plantation, and the cost compare of the material of above-mentioned steps is low, and job step is also not difficult, very convenient.The inventive method rationally, enforcement is simple, implementation result is good.
Embodiment:
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below further set forth the present invention.
A method for drought resisting forestation, is characterized in that: comprises the following steps,
Step 1, matching species with the site: according to different environment and geographical situation, science zoning site type, selects different afforestation kind trees, accomplish Qiao, fill with combination, pin, wealthy laying equal stress on, take indigenous tree species as main, and economic tree and ecological seeds are reasonably combined.What land occupation condition was poor take the drought-resistant seeds such as arbor-vitae, locust tree as main; Land occupation condition can suitably develop some economic trees preferably;
Step 2, shift to an earlier date whole ground: time of site preparation shifts to an earlier date half a year, also can be in the rainy season of last season or the previous year whole ground, method of soil preparation take conserve water and soil, minimum vegetation destruction is principle, takes whole ground, middle fish scale pit, specification is 60cm*40cm*40cm;
Step 3, container seedling forestation: at the bottom of tearing container bag while planting, or remove container bottom, keep soil to stick together complete, enter acupoint depth and be advisable to surpass container sack 1-2cm, side is real by soil pressure, and covers last layer fine earth;
Step 4, overlay film afforestation: first a seam is cut to center in one side of film, during cultivation, cave is made into shallow pot bottom-shape, edge, cave is a little less than ground.Plant mulch film on bonnet, make nursery stock ground stem by center membrane, with soil film surrounding and the seam compacting of scratching, earthing wide and thick be 3-5cm, between nursery stock rhizome and mulch film, the thick 5-7cm of earthing, accomplishes overlay film tight, without air-vent, forms umbrella shape;
Step 5, planting with truncated stem: trees cutting strunk height is no more than 10-15cm.Nonwood forest trees is cutting strunk not, is surely to do; Coniferous tree is cutting strunk not.During cutting strunk, to notice that not making nursery stock stem break heaves out stem skin, while also should be noted that cutting strunk, the stem ridging heap being exposed on bottom surface will be reserved to 2-3cm;
Step 6, soak root before planting: first will select breeding strong sprout, can select the qualified nursery stock of I and II; Secondly, adopt with lifting with the method for planting as far as possible, and to the nursery stock through heeling in, transporting for long-distance, afforestation immersion in first 1 day 24 hours, if dehydration is heavier, can extend soaking time 2-3 days; Bareroot seedling is dipped in rapidly root or dips in mud with 100-300mg/kgABT3 root-inducing powder at the money of planting in addition, by other water conservation mass treatment such as solid water, water-loss reducers;
Step 7, tending management: after transplanted seedling tree, to becoming current, also need a seedling-slowing stage, loosen the soil in time, hole, pruning bud picking, fertilizer irrigation are catchmented in weeding, maintenance.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a method for drought resisting forestation, is characterized in that: comprises the following steps,
Step 1, matching species with the site: according to different environment and geographical situation, science zoning site type, selects different afforestation kind trees, accomplish Qiao, fill with combination, pin, wealthy laying equal stress on, take indigenous tree species as main, and economic tree and ecological seeds are reasonably combined.What land occupation condition was poor take the drought-resistant seeds such as arbor-vitae, locust tree as main; Land occupation condition can suitably develop some economic trees preferably;
Step 2, shift to an earlier date whole ground: time of site preparation shifts to an earlier date half a year, also can be in the rainy season of last season or the previous year whole ground, method of soil preparation take conserve water and soil, minimum vegetation destruction is principle, takes whole ground, middle fish scale pit, specification is 60cm*40cm*40cm;
Step 3, container seedling forestation: at the bottom of tearing container bag while planting, or remove container bottom, keep soil to stick together complete, enter acupoint depth and be advisable to surpass container sack 1-2cm, side is real by soil pressure, and covers last layer fine earth;
Step 4, overlay film afforestation: first a seam is cut to center in one side of film, during cultivation, cave is made into shallow pot bottom-shape, edge, cave is a little less than ground.Plant mulch film on bonnet, make nursery stock ground stem by center membrane, with soil film surrounding and the seam compacting of scratching, earthing wide and thick be 3-5cm, between nursery stock rhizome and mulch film, the thick 5-7cm of earthing, accomplishes overlay film tight, without air-vent, forms umbrella shape;
Step 5, planting with truncated stem: trees cutting strunk height is no more than 10-15cm.Nonwood forest trees is cutting strunk not, is surely to do; Coniferous tree is cutting strunk not.During cutting strunk, to notice that not making nursery stock stem break heaves out stem skin, while also should be noted that cutting strunk, the stem ridging heap being exposed on bottom surface will be reserved to 2-3cm;
Step 6, soak root before planting: first will select breeding strong sprout, can select the qualified nursery stock of I and II; Secondly, adopt with lifting with the method for planting as far as possible, and to the nursery stock through heeling in, transporting for long-distance, afforestation immersion in first 1 day 24 hours, if dehydration is heavier, can extend soaking time 2-3 days; Bareroot seedling is dipped in rapidly root or dips in mud with 100-300mg/kgABT3 root-inducing powder at the money of planting in addition, by other water conservation mass treatment such as solid water, water-loss reducers;
Step 7, tending management: after transplanted seedling tree, to becoming current, also need a seedling-slowing stage, loosen the soil in time, hole, pruning bud picking, fertilizer irrigation are catchmented in weeding, maintenance.
CN201310486067.6A 2013-10-17 2013-10-17 Forestation method for fighting drought Pending CN103583304A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103947323A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-30 梁文荣 Simple soil preparation method for air seeding afforestation
CN104823804A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-12 河北省林业科学研究院 Method for Chinese pine seedling cultivation and afforestation in dry and stony sunny slope
CN104904561A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-16 朱元龙 Arid and semi-arid region forest rainwater collecting and drought resisting cultivation method
CN105475066A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-04-13 惠民县新东方现代农业有限责任公司 Planting method for fast-growing Chinese scholar trees
CN106416562A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 刘全 Comprehensive economic forest tending method
CN106577164A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-04-26 盐城市大丰区林场 Afforestation cultivating method for container seedling of taxodium Zhongshansha 118
CN107960299A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-27 山西省林业科学研究院 Semiarid region willow method for drought-resistant afforestation
CN107996266A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-08 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 A kind of species assembly method of fast lifting extreme arid desert region vegetation coverage
RU2760705C1 (en) * 2021-02-04 2021-11-29 Борис Дмитриевич Чиликов Method for growing seedings of spruce, pine, larch, siberian cedar in the open ground using devices and tools

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103947323A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-30 梁文荣 Simple soil preparation method for air seeding afforestation
CN104823804A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-12 河北省林业科学研究院 Method for Chinese pine seedling cultivation and afforestation in dry and stony sunny slope
CN104904561A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-16 朱元龙 Arid and semi-arid region forest rainwater collecting and drought resisting cultivation method
CN105475066A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-04-13 惠民县新东方现代农业有限责任公司 Planting method for fast-growing Chinese scholar trees
CN106416562A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 刘全 Comprehensive economic forest tending method
CN106416562B (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-10-10 刘全 A kind of synthesis Tending methods of economic forest
CN106577164A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-04-26 盐城市大丰区林场 Afforestation cultivating method for container seedling of taxodium Zhongshansha 118
CN107960299A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-27 山西省林业科学研究院 Semiarid region willow method for drought-resistant afforestation
CN107996266A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-08 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 A kind of species assembly method of fast lifting extreme arid desert region vegetation coverage
CN107996266B (en) * 2017-12-26 2019-06-28 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 A kind of species assembly method of fast lifting extreme arid desert region vegetation coverage
RU2760705C1 (en) * 2021-02-04 2021-11-29 Борис Дмитриевич Чиликов Method for growing seedings of spruce, pine, larch, siberian cedar in the open ground using devices and tools

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Application publication date: 20140219