CN103578338B - A teaching model with oral palate and maxillary dental simulation model - Google Patents

A teaching model with oral palate and maxillary dental simulation model Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103578338B
CN103578338B CN 201310564355 CN201310564355A CN103578338B CN 103578338 B CN103578338 B CN 103578338B CN 201310564355 CN201310564355 CN 201310564355 CN 201310564355 A CN201310564355 A CN 201310564355A CN 103578338 B CN103578338 B CN 103578338B
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upper jaw
mucosa
model
corresponding
palate
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CN 201310564355
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103578338A (en )
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孙卫斌
景建龙
王宓
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南京大学医学院附属口腔医院
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种教学用上颚口腔模型仿真方法及上颚口腔模型。 The present invention relates to an oral cavity model upper jaw and an upper jaw oral simulation model teaching. 采用一个具有上牙列和对应牙龈的上颚骨架和若干个黏膜层,每一黏膜层与所述上颚骨架的形状相适配并设有与牙列相对应的牙孔和上颚症状中的一症状所对应的症状结构,设有不同上颚症状的各黏膜分别通过所述牙孔穿接上颚骨架上的牙列而吸附连接在该上颚骨架上,形成对应的各种上颚口腔模型。 Using a corresponding upper dentition gums and palate backbone having a plurality of mucosa, shape of the skeleton of each upper jaw adapted mucosa symptoms and has a teeth with holes corresponding to the element rows and the upper jaw symptoms symptoms corresponding structure provided with different symptoms of the upper jaw of each of the dental mucosal respectively connected to the upper jaw dentition through holes on the skeleton adsorbed backbone connected to the upper jaw, the upper jaw oral cavity model is formed corresponding to various. 本发明在硬质材料的上颚骨架上设置相对柔软有弹性的黏膜层,利用上颚症状主要集中在黏膜上的特点,将黏膜层与上颚骨架做成可分离形式,并将黏膜的各种症状分别设置在一对应的黏膜层上,一个上颚骨架和若干黏膜层的一一配合,形成多个口腔模型,大大降低了教具成本,同时模型十分逼真。 The present invention is provided in the upper jaw of the skeleton of a hard material of relatively soft elastic mucosa, palate symptoms using focused on the characteristics of the mucosa, the mucosa and palate skeleton made separable form, and mucosal symptoms are disposed on a corresponding mucosa, palate eleven with a backbone and a plurality of mucous layer, forming a plurality of oral cavity model, the aids greatly reduce the cost, while very realistic model.

Description

一种教学用上颚口腔模型仿真方法及上颚口腔模型 A teaching model with oral palate and maxillary dental simulation model

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及教学用模型,尤其涉及一种教学用上颚口腔模型仿真方法及上颚口腔模型。 [0001] The present invention relates to a teaching model, in particular, it relates to a teaching model with a maxillary mouth and palate oral cavity model simulation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前教学的口腔模型一般都用石膏通过模铸的方式形成,在教学实践中,这种模型存在这样的不足:首先,该种模型只能模拟口腔的骨架部分,不能逼真地模拟黏膜部分,而在口腔教学中大量要模拟的是黏膜部分,因此现有黏膜症状的口腔模型模拟效果差,不能达到较好的教学效果;此外,这种口腔模型是根据所对应的各种黏膜症状一一制定,不能替换使用,对于教学用具而言,需要的数量量很大,因此教具成本高。 [0002] It is generally oral teaching model is formed by die casting with plaster manner, in teaching practice, this model there is insufficient: First, the two models can simulate the mouth portion of the skeleton, we can not realistically simulate the mucosal part, while in the mouth to simulate a large number of teaching is part of the mucosa, thus simulate the effect of prior oral mucosa model symptoms difference, can not achieve better teaching results; in addition, this model is based on the oral mucosa of symptoms corresponding to various were developed for, can not replace the use, for teaching aids, the large number of required amount, and therefore high-cost teaching aids.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]本发明的目的在于提供一种效果逼真且使用成本低的一种教学用上颚口腔模型。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a realistic effect and low cost using a teaching palate oral cavity model. 其具体技术方案如下。 The specific technical solutions are as follows.

[0004]所述的仿真方法,包括采用一个具有上牙列和对应牙龈的上颚骨架和若干个黏膜层,所述每一黏膜层与所述上颚骨架的形状相适配并设有与所述牙列相对应的牙孔和上颚症状中的一症状所对应的症状结构,设有不同上颚症状的各黏膜分别通过所述牙孔穿接上颚骨架上的牙列而吸附连接在该上颚骨架上,形成对应的各种上颚口腔模型。 Simulation Method [0004], comprising using a dentition of the upper jaw and the corresponding frame and the gingival mucosa having a plurality, each of the shape of the mucosa of the upper jaw and a framework adapted to the dentition tooth apertures corresponding to the upper jaw and the symptoms of symptoms corresponding to a structure of symptoms, each with different symptoms palate mucosa are connected through the upper jaw dentition through the backbone of the dental suction hole is connected to the upper jaw backbone formed corresponding various palate oral cavity model.

[0005]所述的仿真方法的进一步设计在于,所述黏膜层由弹性材料通过模铸形成。 Further designed according to [0005] simulation method, wherein the mucosa is formed of an elastic material by molding.

[0006]所述的仿真方法的进一步设计在于,所述弹性材料为娃橡胶或玻璃胶。 Further design simulation method [0006] according to that said elastic material is a rubber or plastic glass baby.

[0007]所述的仿真方法的进一步设计在于,所述硅橡胶制作的黏膜层厚度为l_4mm。 Further designed according to [0007] the simulation method is that the production of the silicone rubber layer having a thickness of mucosa l_4mm.

[0008]根据上述仿真方法的上颚口腔模型,包括具有上牙列和对应牙龈的上颚骨架和由具有弹性材料制作的黏膜层,所述黏膜与所述颚骨架的形状相适配并设有与所述牙列相对应的牙孔,黏膜通过所述牙孔穿接对应的牙列而吸附连接在颚骨架的对应面上。 [0008] The oral maxillary model simulation method described above, comprising an upper dentition of the upper jaw and the corresponding frame and the gingival mucosa of an elastic material, the mucosa of the jaw and adapted to the shape of the skeleton is provided with the dentition tooth corresponding holes, then the corresponding element rows through mucosa by the dental suction holes connected to a corresponding face of the jaw skeleton.

[0009]所述上颚口腔模型的进一步设计在于,所述上颚口腔模型还包括支承托架,所述上颚骨架连接在所述支承托架上。 [0009] The oral cavity model is further designed that the upper jaw, the upper jaw further comprises a support bracket oral cavity model, the backbone is connected to the upper jaw on the support bracket.

[0010]所述上颚口腔模型的进一步设计在于,所述支承托架和上颚骨架采用石膏材料并通过模铸形成。 [0010] The oral maxillary model is further designed that the support bracket and the upper jaw skeleton plaster material and is formed by molding.

[0011]所述上颚口腔模型的进一步设计在于,所述黏膜上设有黏膜症状中之一症状所对应的结构。 The [0011] Further design of the upper jaw model is oral, mucosal symptoms with one of the symptoms of the corresponding structures on the mucosa.

[0012]所述上颚口腔模型的进一步设计在于,所述黏膜层由弹性材料通过模铸形成。 The [0012] Further oral maxillary model is designed, the mucosa of an elastic material formed by molding.

[0013]所述上颚口腔模型的进一步设计在于,所述弹性材料为娃橡胶,由娃橡胶制作的黏膜层厚度为l_4mm。 [0013] The oral maxillary model is further designed that the resilient material is rubber baby, the thickness of the mucous layer is made of rubber baby l_4mm.

[0014]本发明通过将上颚骨架与黏膜层设计为分离的结构,并将若干个表达各种黏膜症状的黏膜层与一上颚骨架相对应,每一症状的黏膜层与上颚骨架组成一对应的黏膜症状的上颚口腔模型,由此形成这样的有益效果:能够形成既具有口腔黏膜又具有颚骨架的逼真的上颚口腔模型,且该模型具有可替换性,只要具有一个上颚骨架,通过替换对应症状的黏膜层就可形成对应黏膜症状的多个上颚腔模型,大大降低了教具成本。 [0014] The present invention will palate mucosa skeleton designed as separate structures, and the expression of several mucosa of various symptoms associated with a palate mucosa backbone corresponding to each symptom palate mucosa and a framework compositions corresponding to oral symptoms palate mucosa model, thereby forming such an advantageous effect: can be formed with both the oral mucosa and oral cavity having an upper jaw model realistic jaw skeleton, and the model has an alternative, as long as the upper jaw having a skeleton, by replacing the corresponding symptoms mucosa can be formed of a plurality of the upper jaw model corresponding cavities mucosal symptoms, greatly reducing the cost of teaching aids.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015]图1是本发明中的一种上颚骨架的结构示意图。 [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic structure of a skeleton of the upper jaw of the present invention.

[0016]图2是本发明中的一种黏膜层的结构示意图。 [0016] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of a mucous layer in the present invention.

[0017]图3是图2所示黏膜层的BB面剖视图 [0017] FIG. 3 is shown in FIG. 2 mucosa plane cross-sectional view BB

[0018]图4是本发明上颚口腔模型沿对称中心的剖视图。 [0018] FIG. 4 is a sectional view along the symmetrical center of the upper jaw of the oral cavity model of the present invention.

[0019]图中:1上颚骨架,11上牙列,12牙龈,2黏膜层,21牙孔,22颚裂痕,3支承托架。 [0019] FIG: 1 palate backbone dentition 11, 12 gums, mucous layer 2, the teeth 21 holes, cracks jaw 22, the support bracket 3.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020]本发明提供了一种教学用上颚口腔模型的仿真方法,该方法包括:采用一个上颚骨架和若干个黏膜层;一个上颚骨架分别与其中的一黏膜层组合可形成多个不同上颚症状的口腔模型。 [0020] The present invention provides a simulation method using a teaching model oral palate, the method comprising: using a frame and a plurality of upper jaw mucosa; a skeleton palate mucosa are a combination thereof may be formed with a plurality of different symptoms of the upper jaw oral model.

[0021]参见图1,上颚骨架I包含上牙列11和对应牙龈12;每一黏膜层2与所述的上颚骨架I的形状相适配,在黏膜层2对应于上牙列11的部位上设有与所述上牙列11相对应的牙孔21,该黏膜层上还设有一种上颚症状所对应的症状结构,例如,上颚的颚裂痕22,请参见图 [0021] Referring to FIG 1, the skeleton of the upper jaw dentition I comprises 11 corresponding to the gums and 12; each of the mucous layer of the upper jaw 2 and a shape adapted to the skeleton I, 2 at a portion corresponding to the mucosa of the upper dentition 11 the tooth is provided with the hole 11 corresponding to the upper dentition 21 is also provided with an upper jaw structure of a symptom corresponding to the symptoms of the mucous layer, e.g., the upper jaw 22 of jaw cracks, see Figure

2、3。 2,3. 表达不同粘膜症状的各个黏膜层2分别通过牙孔21穿接上颚骨架I上的对应牙列11而吸附连接在颚骨架I上,如图3(该图可视为将图2所示的黏膜层2配置在图1所示的上颚骨架I上后所形成的模型沿对称中心的剖视图),形成不同上颚症状的仿真口腔模型,这样,只要一个颚骨架I与不同黏膜层2组合,就可形成多种上颚口腔模型。 Expressing different individual mucosa mucosal symptoms teeth 2 respectively through contact holes 21 corresponding to the maxillary dentition 11 is connected to the jaw adsorbed on the backbone skeleton I I, FIG. 3 (FIG mucosa can be considered as shown in FIG. 2 cross-sectional view along the center of symmetry of the model on the I 2 layer is formed in the upper jaw disposed skeleton shown in FIG. 1), the formation of different symptoms of the upper jaw of the simulation model of the oral cavity, so that, as long as the skeleton of a jaw I and two different combinations of the mucous layer, can be more palate oral cavity model is formed.

[0022]由此,本发明提供的上颚口腔模型主要由上颚骨架I和黏膜层2组成,请参见图。 [0022] Accordingly, the present invention provides an oral cavity model palate is mainly composed of a skeleton I and palate mucosa 2 composition, see Figure. 为了便于模型的放置,还设置支承托架3,上颚骨架I支承连接在支承托架3上。 In order to facilitate placement of the model, the support bracket 3 is also provided, connected to the upper jaw skeleton I supported on the support bracket 3.

[0023]支承托架3和上颚骨架I分别采用石膏材料,经模铸形成。 [0023] The support bracket 3 and the upper jaw skeleton I were used gypsum material is formed by molding. 进一步的,上颚骨架I和支承托架3通过模具浇铸形成一体。 Further, the support bracket and the upper jaw skeleton I 3 are integrally formed by die casting.

[0024]黏膜层2采用弹性材料,同样经模铸形成。 [0024] mucous layer 2 of an elastic material, the same is formed by molding. 一个优选的实施例,黏膜层2采用硅橡胶,也可采用玻璃胶,其厚度控制在l_4mm,较优选的厚度是2.5 _。 A preferred embodiment, the mucosal layer 2 is silicon rubber, glass, plastic may also be used, which control the thickness l_4mm, more preferably a thickness of 2.5 _. 这样黏膜层2上的牙孔21能够致密地紧配在上颚骨架I的上牙列11根部周围,同时还使黏膜层2对应于上颚骨架I的上颚及牙龈部分致密地吸附连接在上颚骨架I对应部位上,使模型十分逼真形象。 Such holes in the teeth 2 can be densely mucous layer 21 tightly fits in the upper jaw dentition bobbin 11 around the root of I, while mucosal layer 2 corresponding to the upper jaw and the upper jaw skeleton I gingival part connected to the upper jaw densely adsorbed backbone I on the corresponding parts of the model is very realistic image.

[0025]本发明根据人体口腔结构逼真地仿形人体上颚口腔,在硬质材料的上颚骨架上设置相对柔软有弹性的黏膜层,利用上颚的症状主要集中在黏膜上的特点,将黏膜层做成与上颚骨架可分离的形式,并将黏膜的各种症状分别设置在一对应的黏膜层上,这样,一个上颚骨架和若干黏膜层的一一配合,形成多个口腔模型,大大降低了教具成本,同时模型十分逼真。 [0025] According to the present invention, the structure of human oral realistically contoured body palate oral, provided a relatively soft elastic mucous layer in the hard material backbone upper jaw, the upper jaw using symptoms focused on the characteristics of the mucosa, the mucosa do separable backbone to form the upper jaw, and mucosal symptoms are provided on a corresponding mucosa, such a backbone and a plurality of mating eleven palate mucosa of the oral cavity forming a plurality of models, greatly reducing aids costs, while the model is very realistic.

Claims (9)

  1. 1.一种教学用上颚口腔模型的仿真方法,其特征在于,包括采用一个具有上牙列和对应牙龈的上颚骨架和若干个黏膜层,所述每一黏膜层与所述上颚骨架的形状相适配并设有与所述上牙列相对应的牙孔和上颚症状中的一症状所对应的症状结构,设有不同上颚症状的各黏膜层分别通过所述牙孔穿接上颚骨架上的上牙列而吸附连接在该上颚骨架上,形成对应的各种上颚口腔模型。 A teaching method which is characterized in that the upper jaw with the mouth simulation model, including the use of a dentition of the upper jaw and the corresponding frame and gingival mucosa having a plurality of, the shape of each layer and the mucosa of the upper jaw relative to backbone symptoms and a structure adapted to the upper dentition holes corresponding teeth and palate symptoms corresponding to a symptom, each symptom palate mucosa are provided with different tooth apertures through said upper jaw connected through a backbone dentition adsorbed backbone connected to the upper jaw, the upper jaw is formed corresponding various oral cavity model.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种教学用上颚口腔模型的仿真方法,其特征在于,所述黏膜层由弹性材料通过模铸形成。 The kind of teaching according to claim 1 palate oral simulation model, characterized in that the mucous layer of an elastic material formed by molding.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的一种教学用上颚口腔模型的仿真方法,其特征在于,所述弹性材料为硅橡胶或玻璃胶。 The kind of teaching according to claim 2 palate oral simulation model, characterized in that the resilient material is silicone rubber or plastic glass.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的一种教学用上颚口腔模型的仿真方法,其特征在于,所述硅橡胶制作的黏膜层厚度为l_4mm。 4. oral maxillary model simulation method, wherein a teaching according to claim 3, wherein the thickness of the silicon layer is made of rubber mucosa is l_4mm.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述仿真方法的教学用上颚口腔模型,其特征在于,包括具有上牙列和对应牙龈的上颚骨架和由具有弹性材料制作的黏膜层,所述黏膜层与所述上颚骨架的形状相适配并设有与所述上牙列相对应的牙孔,黏膜层通过所述牙孔穿接对应的牙列而吸附连接在上颚骨架的对应面上。 5. The teaching of the simulation method of claim 1 with oral maxillary model, characterized by comprising a skeleton having an upper jaw dentition and corresponding to the gums and the mucous layer of an elastic material, the mucosa of the maxillary It is adapted to the shape of the skeleton and provided with the tooth apertures corresponding to the upper dentition, mucosa by wearing contact element rows corresponding to the dental suction holes connected to a corresponding surface of the upper jaw skeleton.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的一种教学用上颚口腔模型,其特征在于,所述上颚口腔模型还包括支承托架,所述上颚骨架连接在所述支承托架上。 A teaching according to claim 5 with oral maxillary model, wherein said upper jaw further comprises a support bracket oral cavity model, the backbone is connected to the upper jaw on the support bracket.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的一种教学用上颚口腔模型,其特征在于,所述支承托架和上颚骨架采用石膏材料并通过模铸形成。 The kind of teaching according to claim 6 palate oral cavity model, characterized in that said support bracket and the upper jaw skeleton plaster material and is formed by molding.
  8. 8.根据权利要求5所述的一种教学用上颚口腔模型,其特征在于,所述黏膜层由弹性材料通过模铸形成。 A teaching according to claim 5 wherein the upper jaw oral cavity model, wherein said mucosa is formed of an elastic material by molding.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的一种教学用上颚口腔模型,其特征在于,所述弹性材料为硅橡胶,由硅橡胶制作的黏膜层厚度为1_4_。 A teaching according to claim 8, wherein the upper jaw of the oral cavity model, characterized in that the resilient material is a silicone rubber, a silicone rubber manufactured by the mucous layer thickness 1_4_.
CN 201310564355 2013-11-14 2013-11-14 A teaching model with oral palate and maxillary dental simulation model CN103578338B (en)

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