CN103575559A - Test room for evaluating comfort of air conditioner - Google Patents

Test room for evaluating comfort of air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103575559A
CN103575559A CN201310489206.0A CN201310489206A CN103575559A CN 103575559 A CN103575559 A CN 103575559A CN 201310489206 A CN201310489206 A CN 201310489206A CN 103575559 A CN103575559 A CN 103575559A
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China
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humidity
air conditioner
temperature
measurement matrix
comfort
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CN201310489206.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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郑毅穗
毛海莲
肖向前
刘旭
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中国电器科学研究院有限公司
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Priority to CN201310489206.0A priority Critical patent/CN103575559A/en
Publication of CN103575559A publication Critical patent/CN103575559A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a test room for evaluating the comfort of an air conditioner. The test room comprises a dwelling and an outdoor environmental chamber surrounding the dwelling. The dwelling is of a civil building structure of a reinforced concrete frame and brick walls. A temperature field measurement matrix, a humidity field measurement matrix, an airflow field measurement matrix, a heating unit and a humidity emitter are arranged in the indoor space of the dwelling. The outdoor environmental chamber is of a heat preservation refrigeration house structure and is provided with a refrigerating unit and an air conditioning unit which are used for creating various outdoor temperature-humidity climatic environments. After sensing signal data of temperature, humidity and airflow are collected through a computer, a three-dimensional or two-dimensional color data distribution cloud picture of the temperature, the humidity and the airflow of the room is generated and is used for analyzing comfort parameters of an air conditioner environment created by the air conditioner.

Description

空调器舒适性评价试验室 Air conditioner comfort evaluation laboratory

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种试验室结构,主要涉及一种空调器舒适性评价试验室。 [0001] The present invention relates to a test cell structure, an air conditioner relates Comfort Evaluation Laboratory.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着科技进步和消费者需求的提高,以人体热舒适性作为考量指标的新型空调器日渐受到重视,这种新型空调器的研发和测试需要一种新型的试验室:空调器舒适性评价试验室。 [0002] With the increasing consumer demand and technological progress, new air conditioners human thermal comfort as an important aspect of a growing attention, the new air conditioner in the development and testing requires a new type of laboratory: comfortable air conditioners evaluation Laboratory. 与一般测试空调器制冷、制热能力为目标的试验室不同,空调器舒适性评价试验室用于评价空调器所营造的空调环境的舒适性,从而评定该空调器的舒适性性能。 Refrigeration and air conditioners general test, different target heating capacity of the test chamber, comfort air conditioners for room comfort evaluation test Evaluation of air-conditioning environment created by the air conditioner, whereby the performance of the evaluation of the comfort of the air conditioner.

[0003] 人体热舒适程度主要由所处环境的温度、湿度、风速、辐照度以及噪声等因素决定,空调环境的舒适程度主要由前三个参数决定。 [0003] human thermal comfort factor is mainly determined by the temperature of their environment, humidity, wind speed, irradiance and noise, comfort of air-conditioned environment is mainly determined by the first three parameters. 判定空调器所营造的空调环境舒适性不能只由一个测量点决定,需要有众多的测量点才能有效地反映出空调器舒适性测试的真实有效性;目前,现有技术中还没有可以真实有效分析被测空调器营造的环境舒适性的评价试验室。 The air conditioner is determined to create the comfort of air-conditioned environment is not only determined by a measurement point, the need for a large number of measurement points in order to effectively reflect the true test of the effectiveness of the air conditioner comfort; currently, the prior art has no real and effective analysis of the measured air conditioner to create an environment of comfort evaluation laboratory.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的是提供一种可以真实有效分析被测空调器营造的环境舒适性评价 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a real and effective analysis of the measured comfort evaluation of the air conditioner to create an environment

试验室。 Laboratory.

[0005] 本发明的目的是通过以下技术措施实现的:一种空调器舒适性评价试验室,包括民居和包围民居的户外环境舱,所述民居为钢筋混凝土框架加砖墙的民用建筑结构,其室内空间设有温度场测量矩阵、湿度场测量矩阵、气流场测量矩阵、发热体和散湿器;所述户外环境舱为保温冷库结构,设有用于营造各种户外温湿度气候环境的冷冻机组和空气调节机组;以上温度、湿度、气流的传感信号数据由计算机采集后,生成房间温度、湿度和气流的三维或二维彩色数据分布云图,用于分析空调器所营造的空调环境舒适性参数。 [0005] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical measures: an air conditioner comfort evaluation test chamber, comprising a chamber surrounded by residential dwellings and outdoor environment, and add the residential housing structure brick wall of reinforced concrete frame, its interior provided with a temperature measurement matrix field, humidity field measurement matrix, measurement matrix flow field, heat generation and moisture desorption; said outdoor environmental chamber cold insulation structure is provided for creating a frozen outdoor climatic conditions of temperature and humidity units and the air conditioning units; above the temperature, humidity, air flow after the sensor signal data collected by the computer, generates a room temperature, humidity and air flow-dimensional or two-dimensional color distribution cloud data, analysis for comfortable air-conditioning environment created by an air conditioner parameters.

[0006] 进一步的,本发明所述民居为包含至少两个房间,房间设有窗户和门与户外环境舱相通;为适应多种规格的空调器测试,房间之间的隔墙还可以移动或拆除,以便形成不同的面积。 [0006] Further, the present invention comprises at least two rooms of houses, rooms with windows and doors in communication with the outdoor environment chamber; an air conditioner to accommodate a variety of specifications of the test, the partition wall between the rooms can also move or removal, in order to form different areas.

[0007] 进一步的,本发明所述温度场测量矩阵由空间XYZ轴向上的间隔0.5米的温度探头组成,温度探头采用垂吊方式。 [0007] Further, the present invention is a matrix of temperature measurement in intervals of 0.5 m on the temperature probe XYZ space axially composition, temperature probe using hanging manner.

[0008] 优先的,本发明所述房间内天花板间隔0.5米布置安装滑轨,滑轨内间隔0.5米设置一个滚轮,每个滚轮下垂细钢丝,细钢丝末端挂重锤;多条热电偶线由上往下捆扎在细钢丝上,细钢丝上间隔0.5米布置一个温度探头,形成了房间内的沿XYZ轴间隔0.5米的温度 [0008] The preferred, the present invention is a ceiling mounted rail spaced 0.5 meters of fabric placed within the room, spaced 0.5 meters disposed within a roller rail, each roller sagging steel wire, steel wire weight hung end; a plurality of thermocouple wires tying down from top on the fine wire, spaced 0.5 meters of fabric temperature probe placed on a thin wire, is formed along the XYZ axes of the temperature in the room at intervals of 0.5 m

测量矩阵。 Measurement matrix.

[0009] 进一步的,本发明所述湿度场测量矩阵由多个湿度传感器组成,湿度传感器的数量和间距可根据需要调整。 [0009] Further, the present invention is a matrix of a plurality of measured field humidity humidity sensors, the number and spacing of the humidity sensor can be adjusted as needed.

[0010] 进一步的,本发明所述气流场测量矩阵由多个风速传感器组成,风速传感器的数量和间距可根据需要调整。 [0010] Further, the present invention is a matrix of a plurality of the airflow field measuring a wind speed sensor, wind speed sensor number and spacing may be adjusted as needed. [0011] 优先的,本发明所述湿度传感器和风速传感器采用固定在立杆的方式布置,在一支立杆上可固定一个或按一定间距固定多个湿度传感器和风速传感器,多个立杆按一定间隔分布形成了湿度测量矩阵和气流测量矩阵。 [0011] Priority of the present invention is a humidity sensor and wind speed sensor is arranged in a fixed manner pole, the pole may be secured on one or more of a humidity sensor and wind speed sensor is fixed at a predetermined interval, a plurality of uprights are formed spaced by a certain humidity measurement matrix and airflow measurement matrix.

[0012] 进一步的,本发明每个房间至少设一个可调节热量的发热体和一个可调节湿度的散湿器,发热体和散湿器可根据需要移动位置。 [0012] Further, in each room of the present invention at least one adjustable set of the heat generating element and a heat adjustable humidity wet bulk, a heating element and a wet bulk may be moved according to the position.

[0013] 本发明具有以下有益效果: [0013] The present invention has the following advantages:

1、本发明试验室内部空间立体分布有众多的测量点,用于测试空调器运行时的房间内部温度场、湿度场和气流场;通过计算机采集测量点参数并通过图形化软件生成三维或二维温度、湿度和气流彩色分布云图,可以真实有效地分析被测空调器营造的环境舒适性指标。 1, the inner space of the test chamber of the invention has numerous three-dimensional distribution of measuring points, for a room air conditioner to run a test at the temperature field, humidity and flow field; generating two or three-dimensional graphical software by computer acquisition parameters and the measurement point dimensional temperature, humidity and airflow color contours, can effectively analyze real environmental comfort index tested the air conditioner to create.

[0014] 2、本发明实验室提供了空调器测试所需的真实民用建筑条件;具备模拟人体和电器设备的散热、散湿功能,为空调器测试提供热湿负荷;提供真实的户外气候环境,形成墙、门窗的漏热和漏湿,为被测空调器室外机提供运行工况环境。 [0014] 2, the present invention provides a real laboratory civil desired test conditions for the air conditioner; includes humans and simulate cooling electrical equipment, wet bulk function, providing heat and moisture to the air conditioner load test; provide true outdoor climate forming walls, doors and windows and drain wet heat leak, to provide operating conditions for the test environment outdoor unit.

[0015] 3、本发明试验室将为开发以人体热舒适性为控制目标的新型空调产品、进行空调设备环境适应性试验以及进行环境舒适性评价起到了重要作用。 [0015] 3, the invention lab will develop new air-conditioning products to human thermal comfort for the control target, air-conditioning equipment as well as environmental compatibility test evaluation of environmental comfort plays an important role.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步的详细说明: Drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail [0016] below with:

图1为本发明实施例的立面示意图; FIG 1 is a schematic elevation of the embodiment of the present invention embodiment;

图2为本发明实施例的平面示意图。 FIG 2 a schematic plan view an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 如图1和图2所示,钢筋混凝土框架加砖墙结构的民居I为一厅两房结构,其房间之间的隔墙2采用轻质材料制作,隔墙2可以移动或移除,从而形成不同的房间面积或房间数量,以便适应不同大小的空调器进行测试;试验室房间的各种围护材料需要选用现有民用建筑使用的具备代表性的建材,以便真实反映房间内外的漏热、漏湿以及建材的热容特性;房间设有门14和窗户15与户外环境舱3相通,户外环境舱3包围民居1,使民居I处于一个环境空间中。 [0017] As shown in Figure 1, dwellings, I reinforced concrete and brick walls for the frame structure and the two rooms a hall 2, the partition wall between the rooms 2 which is made of light material, the partition wall 2 can be moved or removed in addition, to form a different number of rooms or room area, the air conditioner in order to accommodate different sizes were tested; laboratory rooms need to use a variety of envelope materials have typical civil use conventional building materials in order to reflect the true inside and outside the room the heat leak, the leak and heat capacity characteristics and building material; room provided with a door 14 and windows 15 in communication with the outdoor environment chamber 3, surrounding the outdoor environment chamber 3 houses 1, so I in a residential environment space. 外环境舱3为现有技术中常用的保温冷库结构,由保温材料建造,设有空气调节机组12和冷冻机组13,通过空气调节机组12和冷冻机组13,可营造各种不同的户外温湿度组合气候环境,不同的户外温湿度环境可以形成不同的墙体、门窗漏热量和渗湿量,也同时提供给被测空调器室外机运行所需的工况环境。 3 is an outer chamber environment prior art common cold insulation structure, the insulation material construction, an air conditioning unit (12) and the freezing unit (13), through the air conditioning unit (12) and the freezing unit (13), can create a variety of different outdoor temperature and humidity combination of climate, different outdoor temperature and humidity environment can be formed in different wall, the amount of moisture permeability and heat leakage windows, also provided to the outdoor unit under test required operating environmental conditions.

[0018] 每个房间安装有不少于一套可移动的发热体10,发热体采用低热流密度的发热丝制造,其功率可调节,发热体散发热量到房间内,模拟人体、电器等的发热;每个房间还安装有不少于一套可移动的散湿器11,散湿器采用超声波加湿器作为蒸汽源,蒸汽量可调节;散湿器散发蒸汽到房间内,模拟人体散湿。 [0018] installed in each room with a heat generating element 10 is less than a movable heating element for producing heating wire using low heat flux density, its power can be adjusted, the heat generation dissipate heat into the room, simulated human body, such as electrical appliances fever; each room also mounted a movable least 11 wet bulk, wet bulk ultrasonic humidifier uses as a vapor source, the amount of steam can be adjusted; wet bulk is circulated into the steam room, wet bulk simulated human body .

[0019] 每个房间内天花板间隔0.5米安装滑轨4,滑轨内间隔0.5米设置一个滚轮,每个滚轮下垂细钢丝5,细钢丝末端挂重锤保证细钢丝下垂不摆动;多条热电偶线由上往下捆扎在细钢丝上,间隔0.5米为一个探头6,从而形成了房间内的沿XYZ轴间隔0.5米的温度探头矩阵。 [0019] each room ceiling rail 4 mounted spaced 0.5 m, 0.5 m spaced rails disposed within a roller, each roller 5 sagging thin wire, steel wire, steel wire end hanging drop hammer guaranteed not swing; a plurality of thermoelectric tying down on the line even on a fine wire, at intervals of 0.5 meters a probe 6, thus forming along XYZ axes spaced 0.5 m within a room temperature probe matrix. 细钢丝可跟随滑轮在滑轨上滑动,形成了温度探头的分布和收拢功能。 Fine wire may follow pulley slide on the rails, and forming a distribution function of temperature probe retracted. 温度探头通常采用热电偶或热电阻。 Usually a temperature probe thermocouple or RTD.

[0020] 湿度传感器7和用于测量房间内的气流速度的风速传感器8采用固定在立杆9的方式布置,为方便布置,立杆可以移动。 [0020] The humidity sensor and wind speed sensor 7 for measuring the air flow velocity inside the room 8 disposed in a fixed manner uprights 9, to facilitate the arrangement, uprights can be moved. 在一支立杆上可固定一个或按一定间距固定多个湿度传感器和风速传感器,可根据需要设置温度传感器的数量和安装高度;每个房间内布置多个立杆按一定间隔分布形成了湿度测量矩阵和气流测量矩阵。 May be fixed on a pole at a predetermined interval or a plurality of humidity sensors and a fixed wind speed sensor, may be provided and the number of the temperature sensor mounting height needed; each room is arranged a plurality of uprights are formed spaced by a certain humidity measurement matrix and airflow measurement matrix.

[0021] 在实验室环境条件下,以上各种传感器组成的温度测量矩阵、湿度测量矩阵和气流测量矩阵的传感信号连接到实验室外的计算机设备,由计算机采集后,通过可视化常用软件生成房间温度、湿度和气流的三维或二维彩色数据分布云图,用于分析空调器所营造的空调环境舒适性参数。 [0021] Under laboratory conditions, temperature measurement matrix composed of the above various sensors, the humidity sensor signals measuring airflow measurement matrix and the matrix is ​​connected to the computer device outside of the laboratory, after collection from the computer, through software used to generate visual room temperature, humidity and air flow of two-dimensional or three-dimensional color data distribution cloud, and comfortable environment for the air conditioner of an air conditioner created by parametric analysis.

[0022] 本发明不局限与上述具体实施方式,根据上述内容,按照本领域的普通技术知识和惯用手段,在不脱离本发明上述基本技术思想前提下,本发明还可以做出其它多种形式的等效修改、替换或变更。 [0022] The present invention is not limited to the above specific embodiments, from the foregoing, according to the conventional technical knowledge and customary practice in the art, without departing from the basic technical idea of ​​the present invention, the above-described premise, the present invention may be made of other forms equivalent modify, replace or change. 例如,将民居改用其他建筑材料建造;调整温度探头矩阵间距;将温度探头、湿度传感器和和风速传感器采用其他类型的设备或采用其他安装固定方式,户外环境舱增加双温区等功能,均落在本发明的保护范围之中。 For example, the construction of residential use other building materials; adjusting the temperature probe matrix pitch; and a temperature sensor, humidity sensor and wind speed sensor, and other types of equipment or by other fixed manner, increasing outdoor environment functional dual zone cabin, are It falls within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1.空调器舒适性评价试验室,其特征在于:包括民居(I)和包围民居的户外环境舱(3),所述民居(I)为钢筋混凝土框架加砖墙的民用建筑结构,其室内空间设有温度场测量矩阵、湿度场测量矩阵、气流场测量矩阵、发热体(10)和散湿器(11);所述户外环境舱(3)为保温冷库结构,设有用于营造各种户外温湿度气候环境的冷冻机组(12)和空气调节机组(13);以上温度、湿度、气流的传感信号数据由计算机采集后,生成房间温度、湿度和气流的三维或二维彩色数据分布云图,用于分析空调器所营造的空调环境舒适性参数。 1. The air conditioner comfort evaluation test chamber, characterized by: a residential (I) and the outdoor environment surrounding the residence chamber (3), said residence (I) is a frame of reinforced concrete and brick walls of the housing structure, which chamber a temperature measurement matrix space field, humidity field measurement matrix, measurement matrix flow field, the heat generating element (10) and wet bulk (11); the outdoor environment chamber (3) is a cold insulation structure is provided for creating a variety of refrigeration unit (12) of the outdoor temperature and humidity climate and the air-conditioning unit (13); the above temperature, humidity, airflow sensor signal data collected by the computer, generates a room temperature, humidity and air flow-dimensional or two-dimensional distribution of color data cloud, air-conditioned environment comfort parameters created by the air conditioner for analysis.
2.根据权利要求1所述空调器舒适性评价试验室,其特征在于:所述民居包含至少两个房间,房间设有窗户和门与户外环境舱(3)相通,房间之间设有可移动或拆除的隔墙(2)。 The air conditioner according to claim 1 comfort evaluation test chamber as claimed in claim, wherein: the residence comprising at least two rooms, rooms with doors and windows and outdoor environment chamber (3) communicating, can be provided between the room movement or removal of the partition (2).
3.根据权利要求1或2所述空调器舒适性评价试验室,其特征在于:所述温度场测量矩阵由XYZ轴向上的间距为0.5米的温度探头(5)组成,温度探头采用垂吊方式布置。 3. The air conditioner according to claim 1 or 2 comfort evaluation test chamber as claimed in claim, wherein: said temperature measurement matrix 0.5 m Field temperature probe (5) consists of an XYZ axially pitch, vertical temperature probes employed arranged hanging way.
4.根据权利要求3所述空调器舒适性评价试验室,其特征在于:房间内天花板间隔0.5米布置安装滑轨(4),滑轨内间隔0.5米设置一个滚轮,每个滚轮下垂细钢丝(5),细钢丝末端挂重锤;多条热电偶线由上往下捆扎在细钢丝上,细钢丝上间隔0.5米布置一个温度探头(6 ),形成了房间内的沿XYZ轴间隔0.5米的温度测量矩阵。 The air conditioner according to claim 3 comfort evaluation test chamber as claimed in claim, wherein: the ceiling of the room is set at intervals of 0.5 meters of fabric mounting rail (4), spaced 0.5 meters disposed within a slide rollers each thin wire droop (5), the end of the fine wire hanging weight; the plurality of thermocouple wires from the wire tying down on a fine, spaced 0.5 meters of fabric opposing a temperature probe (6) on the fine wires are formed along XYZ axes in the cubicles 0.5 m temperature measurement matrix.
5.根据权利要求4所述的空调器舒适性评价试验室,其特征在于:所述湿度场测量矩阵由多个湿度传感器(7)组成,湿度传感器的数量和间距可根据需要调整。 The air conditioner comfort evaluation test chamber according to claim 4, wherein: said humidity measurement matrix field by the plurality of humidity sensors (7), with the number and spacing of the humidity sensor can be adjusted as needed.
6.根据权利要求5所述空调器舒适性评价试验室,其特征在于:所述气流场测量矩阵由多个风速传感器(8)组成,风速传感器的数量和间距可根据需要调整。 The air conditioner 5 comfort evaluation test chamber as claimed in claim, wherein: said airflow field measurement matrix by a plurality of wind speed sensors (8), with the number and spacing of the wind speed sensor may be adjusted.
7.根据权利要求6所述空调器舒适性评价试验室,其特征在于:所述湿度传感器和风速传感器采用固定在立杆(9)的方式布置,在一支立杆上可固定一个或按一定间距固定多个湿度传感器和风速传感器,多个立杆按一定间隔分布形成了湿度测量矩阵和气流测量矩阵。 The air conditioner according to claim 6 comfort evaluation test chamber as claimed in claim, wherein: the humidity sensor and wind speed sensor disposed in fixed uprights (9) of the embodiment, may be fixed on a pole or a press a spacing a plurality of stationary wind speed sensor and a humidity sensor, a plurality of uprights spaced a certain humidity measuring matrix formed of matrix and air flow measurements.
8.根据权利要求7所述空调器舒适性评价试验室,其特征在于:每个房间至少设一个可调节热量的发热体(10)和一个可调节湿度的散湿器(11),发热体和散湿器可根据需要移动位置。 The air conditioner according to claim 7 comfort evaluation test chamber, characterized in that: in each room is provided at least one adjustable heat the heat generator (10) and a moisture desorption of the moisture-regulating device (11), heat generator wet bulk and can be moved according to the position.
CN201310489206.0A 2013-10-17 2013-10-17 Test room for evaluating comfort of air conditioner CN103575559A (en)

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