CN103574990A - Heating and cooling unit with building energy storage and little consumption functions - Google Patents

Heating and cooling unit with building energy storage and little consumption functions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103574990A
CN103574990A CN201310598877.0A CN201310598877A CN103574990A CN 103574990 A CN103574990 A CN 103574990A CN 201310598877 A CN201310598877 A CN 201310598877A CN 103574990 A CN103574990 A CN 103574990A
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China
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port
water tank
heat
heating
refrigerant
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Pending
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CN201310598877.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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杨建良
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杨建良
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Priority to CN201310598877.0A priority Critical patent/CN103574990A/en
Publication of CN103574990A publication Critical patent/CN103574990A/en
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of a green building device, and particularly relates to a heating and cooling unit which has building energy storage and little consumption functions and can achieve constant temperature at all seasons, comfort and health in human settlement as well as efficient and energy-saving performance. The heating and cooling unit comprises an air source outdoor unit (3), a refrigerant distributor (5), a tail-end radiating net (6) and a heat exchange water tank (1), wherein a refrigerant port of the heat exchange water tank (1) is connected with a first port of the air source outdoor unit (3) and a first port of the tail-end radiating net (6) respectively through a solenoid valve (2); a second port of the air source outdoor unit (3) is communicated with a second port of the tail-end radiating net (6); and the refrigerant distributor (5) is fixedly configured at a port of the tail-end radiating net (6). The heating and cooling unit has the advantages that automatic indoor temperature detection, automatic constant temperature, refrigeration and free hot water supply in summer are achieved, the installation cost is reduced, and the operation cost is saved.

Description

The micro-consumption changes in temperature of a kind of building energy storage unit
Technical field
The invention belongs to green building device field, relate in particular to a kind of human settlement's of realization four seasons constant temperature, healthiness, the energy-efficient micro-consumption changes in temperature of building energy storage unit.
Background technology
Soil, ore, the timber resources in the whole world 50% is used to building, and 45% the energy is used to heating, illumination, the ventilation of building, and 5% the energy is for the manufacture of its equipment, and 40% water resource is used to the maintenance of building, the construction of 16% water resource for building.Resource (particularly water resource) anxiety, the energy (comprising secondary energy sources) anxiety, is presented in face of us more and more consumingly.
In recent years, southern resident is more and more higher to the cry of winter heating.Since 2012, member of the national committee of CPPCC is just continuously in " two Conferences " upper proposition, tradition Tai ridge---heating line of demarcation, Huaihe River is out-of-date, south winter, sombre weather was hard to bear more than the north, and meet with repeatly in recent years " cold winter ", add the lifting of living condition and consuming capacity, heating has become the rigid demand in southern region.
To southern heating mode, Tsing-Hua University's building energy conservation research center has been carried out long-term investigation and has thought, different from the north, and the heating period of China Yangtze river basin only has 1-2 month, and central heating system construction scale is large, the cycle long, it is high to invest.As adopted central heating in the Yangtze river basin, mean that in 10 months except heating period, equipment, operations staff will be left unused, and cause huge waste.In addition, Yangtze river basin indoor/outdoor temperature-difference in winter is little, basic in the scope of 10 ℃-15 ℃, and few lower than the hourage of 0 ℃.Meanwhile, solar radiation obtains the difference that hot and impact indoor heat gain is easy to cause each room thermic load.In addition town dweller live comparatively disperse, building construction heat insulating ability is poor, has expert to think, the so the most applicable application distributing of condition intermittent heating and independent regulation and control.Following take family as unit, house one is implemented the trend that distributing heating will become south heating as unit on a small scale.
As can be seen here, no matter be climatic characteristic, building distribution situation, resident custom, or national energy-saving reduces discharging the requirement of large situation, compares with central heating, independent adjustable dispersion heating and to the craving for of indoor fresh air, more and more welcomed by the people.
At present, though market has air-conditioning to solve, because operating cost is high, be difficult to popularization and application in market.
Summary of the invention
?the present invention is intended to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part and a kind of automatic detection indoor temperature that can realize is provided, and realizes automatic constant-temperature, and realizing freezes summer provides free hot water, reduces installation cost, saves the micro-consumption changes in temperature of the building energy storage unit of operating cost.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention realizes like this.
The micro-consumption changes in temperature of an energy storage unit, is characterized in that, comprises the outer machine of air-source, refrigerant tuner, end radiator-grid and heat exchange water tank; The refrigerant port of described heat exchange water tank through magnetic valve respectively with air-source outside the first port of machine and the first port of end radiator-grid join; Outer the second port of machine of described air-source and the second port of end radiator-grid communicate; Described refrigerant tuner is fixedly assigned in the port of end radiator-grid.
As a kind of preferred version, heat exchange water tank of the present invention comprises heat-insulation layer, heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe and heat-exchanging water tank inner bag; Described heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe spiral winding is in the outer wall of heat-exchanging water tank inner bag; Described heat-insulation layer is assigned on heat-exchanging water tank inner bag.
Unit of the present invention can make a single building indoor (as a family ordinary residence), adopt an air source heat pump operation, just can realize automatic detection indoor temperature, realize automatic constant-temperature, realizing freezes summer provides free hot water, reduce installation cost (not needing to install water heater), save operating cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.Protection scope of the present invention is not only confined to the statement of following content.
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is heat exchange water tank structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is end radiator-grid structural representation of the present invention.
In figure: 1, heat exchange water tank; 2, magnetic valve; 3, the outer machine of air-source; 4, choke valve; 5, refrigerant tuner; 6, end radiator-grid; 7, heat-insulation layer; 8, heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe; 9, heat-exchanging water tank inner bag; 10, refrigerant input port; 11, delivery port; 12, water inlet; 13, coolant outlet port.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the micro-consumption changes in temperature of a kind of building energy storage unit, it comprises the outer machine 3 of air-source, refrigerant tuner 5, end radiator-grid 6 and heat exchange water tank 1; The refrigerant port of described heat exchange water tank 1 through magnetic valve 2 respectively with air-source outside the first port of machine 3 and the first port of end radiator-grid 6 join; Outer the second port of machine 3 of described air-source and the second port of end radiator-grid 6 communicate; Described refrigerant tuner 5 is fixedly assigned in the port of end radiator-grid 6.
Heat exchange water tank 1 of the present invention comprises heat-insulation layer 7, heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe 8 and heat-exchanging water tank inner bag 9; Described heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe 8 spiral windings are in the outer wall of heat-exchanging water tank inner bag 9; Described heat-insulation layer 7 is assigned on heat-exchanging water tank inner bag 9.
The present invention mainly consists of the outer machine 3 of air-source, magnetic valve 2, choke valve 4, refrigerant tuner 5, end radiator-grid 6 and heat exchange water tank 1.
The outer machine 3 of air-source of the present invention connects refrigerant tuner 5 and heat exchange water tank 1.Refrigerant tuner 5 connects end radiator-grid 6, by intelligent controller electromagnetic valve of instruction 2 and the intelligent operation of choke valve 4 regulation and control unit.
The outer machine of air-source of the present invention, the main air source heat pump technology that adopts, the outer machine of air source heat pump is oppositely installed (changing fan towards body of wall) at metope (or ground), change fan reverse rotation, can more efficiently collect the atmospheric temperature of inhaling in nature and the radiation temperature of building, move more energy-efficient, for cheap thermal source or low-temperature receiver are supplied in the operation of unit.
Refrigerant tuner 5 of the present invention adopts securing member solderless to connect, and Main Function is to realize the refrigerant (heat energy or cold energy) that the outer machine of air-source is supplied with to carry out allotment and the conduction of science, is transported to end radiator-grid 6 and heat exchange water tank 1.
End radiator-grid 6 of the present invention forms (by construction area and user, needing laying density and length) by stainless steel microporous pipe, building ground, flooring or body of wall are mainly laid in, the thermal source that refrigerant tuner 5 is transmitted or low-temperature receiver, by stainless steel microporous pipe, pass through on the one hand building ground (flooring, body of wall) low temperature energy storage, the loose temperature of radiation, realizes human settlement's constant temperature, comfortable, healthy on the other hand.
Heat exchange water tank 1 heat-exchange tube of the present invention is heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe, can realize heat exchange water tank overlarge area heat exchange when heat exchange, than the line style contact heat-exchanging area of traditional heat exchange water tank, improve more than 4 times, improve Energy Efficiency Ratio more than 2 times, can when refrigeration, hot water is gratuitously provided or hot water is efficiently provided when heating.
Intelligent controller of the present invention, is the headquarter that unit can only move, and can realize the intelligent thermostatic control to a whole set of unit equipment according to the variation of natural temperature and user's personal needs, also can realize by internet and utilize mobile phone to carry out Long-distance Control.
Intelligent controller of the present invention is ICU, can realize automatic separate refrigeration pattern, automatically independent heating mode, Automatic-cooling hot water pattern, automatically heats hot water pattern, brake independent hot water pattern, distance control mode.
During separate refrigeration pattern, heating mode and hot water pattern are closed automatically; During independent heating mode, refrigeration mode and hot water pattern are closed automatically; During refrigeration hot water pattern, heating mode is closed automatically; While heating hot water pattern, refrigeration mode is closed automatically; Distance control mode can utilize internet to control.
As shown in Figure 3, end radiator-grid of the present invention comprises refrigerant input house steward, refrigerant return header, refrigerant input branched pipe, refrigerant return branch pipe, refrigerant reflux splitter and refrigerant input distributor.
It mainly buries deposited technique: adopt stainless steel microporous pipe, large area is buried and is applied at building floor, roof of storied building or body of wall face, form building ground, flooring or the energy storage of body of wall overlarge area and heat loss through radiation, according to space and personalized needs, bury deposited density and geometric figure; Stainless steel microporous pipe is buried while applying and is fixed on building ground, flooring or body of wall with clamp, real with cement mortar grouting, and the husky grey protective layer of making cement; In parallel being connected of refrigerant input branched pipe, and join with refrigerant input house steward; Refrigerant return branch pipe is in parallel to be connected, and joins with refrigerant return header; Because stainless steel microporous pipe is buried deposited in building ground, flooring or body of wall large area, by refrigerant, in stainless steel microporous pipe, conduct heat energy or cold energy, form building ground, flooring or the energy storage of body of wall overlarge area and heat loss through radiation, the outer machine 3 of air-source can move at low-temperature range (20-25 ℃), under outer machine 3 operating modes of air-source, heating energy efficiency ratio (COP) on average can reach 1:5.5, more than refrigeration efficiency reaches 1:9 than (COP) maximum, energy-saving effect is very remarkable; And the heat while there is no existing operation of air conditioner (cold) wind phenomenon, can not produce " air conditioner disease ", and the four seasons are as warm as spring, warm healthy.
As shown in Figure 2, heat exchange water tank 1 of the present invention comprises heat-insulation layer 7, heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe 8 and heat-exchanging water tank inner bag 9; Described heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe 8 spiral windings are in the outer wall of heat-exchanging water tank inner bag 9; Described heat-insulation layer 7 is assigned on heat-exchanging water tank inner bag 9.10 is refrigerant input port; 11 is water inlet 5; 12 is delivery port 6.The aluminium rib frame of heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe 3 is that drawing process is made, heat-conducting copper pipe is stuck on aluminium rib frame, be wrapped on demand on heat-exchanging water tank inner bag, can realize heat exchange water tank overlarge area heat exchange when heat exchange, than the line style contact heat-exchanging area of traditional heat exchange water tank, improve more than 4 times, improve Energy Efficiency Ratio more than 2 times.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the micro-consumption changes in temperature of a building energy storage unit, is characterized in that, comprises the outer machine (3) of air-source, refrigerant tuner (5), end radiator-grid (6) and heat exchange water tank (1); The refrigerant port of described heat exchange water tank (1) through magnetic valve (2) respectively with air-source outside the first port of machine (3) and the first port of end radiator-grid (6) join; The second port of the outer machine (3) of described air-source communicates with the second port of end radiator-grid (6); Described refrigerant tuner (5) is fixedly assigned in the port of end radiator-grid (6).
2. the micro-consumption changes in temperature of building energy storage according to claim 1 unit, is characterized in that: described heat exchange water tank (1) comprises heat-insulation layer (7), heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe (8) and heat-exchanging water tank inner bag (9); Described heat superconducting copper core aluminium ribbed pipe (8) spiral winding is in the outer wall of heat-exchanging water tank inner bag (9); Described heat-insulation layer (7) is assigned on heat-exchanging water tank inner bag (9).
CN201310598877.0A 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 Heating and cooling unit with building energy storage and little consumption functions Pending CN103574990A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104034087A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-09-10 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Hot water generating device
CN105423470A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-23 尚宝龙 Multifunctional integrated cooling and heating device for building

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2694159Y (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-04-20 上海交通大学 Multifunctional air source heat pump air conditioner
CN201583047U (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-09-15 刘文泽 Household central hot water air conditioner system
CN202274676U (en) * 2011-08-30 2012-06-13 黄山市广远光电科技有限公司 Ultralow temperature air energy heat pump unit
KR20130022770A (en) * 2011-08-26 2013-03-07 안승근 Heat exchange system using air source heat and a sepitc waste source heat
CN103307679A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-18 李隆 Low-energy-consumption heat pump air-conditioning device and method thereof
CN103307674A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-18 上海交通大学 Heat pump air-conditioning system combining air source heat pump with small temperature difference heat exchange tail end
CN203629130U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-06-04 杨建良 Energy storage micro-consumption heating and cooling unit of building

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2694159Y (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-04-20 上海交通大学 Multifunctional air source heat pump air conditioner
CN201583047U (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-09-15 刘文泽 Household central hot water air conditioner system
KR20130022770A (en) * 2011-08-26 2013-03-07 안승근 Heat exchange system using air source heat and a sepitc waste source heat
CN202274676U (en) * 2011-08-30 2012-06-13 黄山市广远光电科技有限公司 Ultralow temperature air energy heat pump unit
CN103307674A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-18 上海交通大学 Heat pump air-conditioning system combining air source heat pump with small temperature difference heat exchange tail end
CN103307679A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-18 李隆 Low-energy-consumption heat pump air-conditioning device and method thereof
CN203629130U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-06-04 杨建良 Energy storage micro-consumption heating and cooling unit of building

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104034087A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-09-10 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Hot water generating device
CN105423470A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-23 尚宝龙 Multifunctional integrated cooling and heating device for building
CN105423470B (en) * 2015-12-31 2019-07-12 沈阳市通浩科技有限公司 Multi-use architecture one heating-cooling device

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Application publication date: 20140212

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