CN103574988B - Cold and hot many function, energy-savings system - Google Patents

Cold and hot many function, energy-savings system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103574988B
CN103574988B CN201310334373.8A CN201310334373A CN103574988B CN 103574988 B CN103574988 B CN 103574988B CN 201310334373 A CN201310334373 A CN 201310334373A CN 103574988 B CN103574988 B CN 103574988B
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unit
cold
storage
heat
outlet
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CN201310334373.8A
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CN103574988A (en
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吴纪桦
吴纪苇
吴春渊
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Jingdezhen Linchang energy conservation and Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd
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吴春渊
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Priority to TW101127758A priority patent/TW201407107A/en
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Priority to TW102209223U priority patent/TWM465553U/en
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Publication of CN103574988A publication Critical patent/CN103574988A/en
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Abstract

A kind of cold and hot many function, energy-savings system, comprises a heat-exchange device, a cold storage unit, a thermal energy storage unit, a thermostat unit.Cold storage unit comprises the cold storage body that has a freeze space and a chill space, and a cold water storage groove.Freeze space arranges for an evaporimeter of heat-exchange device and stores the cold energy of evaporimeter release.Cold water storage groove is placed in the cold energy that stored by freeze space in freeze space and exports the cold water after cooling.Thermal energy storage unit comprises the thermal energy storage body that has a thermal energy storage district, and a hot water storage tank.Thermal energy storage district arranges for a condenser of heat-exchange device and stores the heat energy that condenser discharges.Hot water storage tank is arranged at the heat energy that stored by thermal energy storage district in thermal energy storage district and exports the hot water after heating.Thermostat unit is connected to cold storage unit and thermal energy storage unit, and the cold energy utilizing cold storage unit to store or the interior heat energy stored of thermal energy storage unit are to regulate indoor temperature.

Description

Cold and hot many function, energy-savings system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of energy conserving system, particularly relate to a kind of energy conserving system only using a heat-exchange device can reach several functions.
Background technology
Existing refrigeration or heating equipment are as refrigerator, cold air, hot water, heating installation; it is mostly functionally single individual independent use; but along with energy crisis is more and more serious, different refrigeration or heating equipment use different heat-exchange devices, will cause the waste on the energy.In addition, the energy required when the energy that heat-exchange device is required under interrupted occupation mode is greater than continuous running usually.Therefore inventor thinks, how can reduce the usage quantity of heat-exchange device, avoids heat-exchange device to start frequently simultaneously, effectively can reduce the waste of the energy.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cold and hot many function, energy-savings system only using a heat-exchange device can reach many merits.
The cold and hot many function, energy-savings system of the present invention comprises a heat-exchange device, a cold storage unit, a thermal energy storage unit, a thermostat unit, and a control unit.This heat-exchange device comprises a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve, and an evaporimeter.Refrigerant after this compressor compresses, through this condenser condenses heat release, then in evaporator evaporation heat absorption after this expansion valve step-down, finally gets back to this compressor.This cold storage unit comprises the cold storage body that has a freeze space and a chill space, and one is arranged at cold water storage groove in this freeze space.The cold energy of this freeze space for the setting of this evaporimeter and for storing the release of this evaporimeter.The cold energy that this cold water storage groove is stored by this freeze space by the water for cooling in this cold water storage groove to export cold water.This thermal energy storage unit comprises the thermal energy storage body that has a thermal energy storage district, and one is arranged at hot water storage tank in this thermal energy storage district.This thermal energy storage district is for the setting of this condenser and for storing the heat energy that this condenser discharges.Water in this hot water storage tank heats to export hot water by the heat energy that this hot water storage tank is stored by this thermal energy storage district.This thermostat unit is connected to this cold storage unit and this thermal energy storage unit.This control unit respectively with this heat-exchange device, and this thermostat unit electrical connection.To regulate in this cold storage unit and this thermal energy storage unit stored cold energy and heat energy by the start controlling this heat-exchange device, control the heat energy of storage in cold energy that this thermostat unit utilizes this cold storage unit to store or this thermal energy storage unit to regulate indoor temperature.
Preferably, this thermostat unit comprises a cold air airduct group, a cold air air door group, a heating installation airduct group, and a heating installation air door group.This cold air airduct group is connected to this cold storage body.This cold air air door group to be arranged in this cold air airduct group and to be electrically connected with this control unit.This heating installation airduct group is connected to this thermal energy storage body.This heating installation air door group to be arranged in this heating installation airduct group and to be electrically connected with this control unit.When this control unit controls the unlatching of this cold air air door group, frost zone or the chill space of this cold air airduct group and this cold storage body are connected, the air of indoor is directed to cooling in this freeze space or chill space and the air after cooling in this freeze space or chill space is directed to indoor, and then indoor temperature is declined; When this control unit controls the unlatching of this heating installation air door group, this heating installation airduct group is connected with the thermal energy storage district of this thermal energy storage body, the air of indoor be directed to heating in this thermal energy storage district and the air after heating in this thermal energy storage district is directed to indoor, and then making indoor temperature increase.
Preferably, this thermostat unit comprises one and is embedded in underground pipe group in indoor floor or wall.This control unit controls the cold water in the hot water in this hot water storage tank or this cold water storage groove to be directed to this underground pipe group, and then regulates indoor temperature.
Preferably, this thermostat unit also comprises a water circulating pump be electrically connected with this control unit.This water circulating pump is connected to this hot water storage tank, this cold water storage groove and this underground pipe group.This control unit controls this water circulating pump and the cold water in the hot water in this hot water storage tank or this cold water storage groove is directed to this underground pipe group, and then regulates indoor temperature.
Preferably, this cold and hot many function, energy-savings system also comprises a storage cabinet unit.This storage cabinet unit comprises the freezing cabinet that has a stored frozen space, and one to combine with this freezing cabinet and to have the refrigerated cabinet in a stored under refrigeration space.The number of the evaporimeter of this heat-exchange device is two.Described evaporimeter is parallel connection, wherein an evaporimeter is arranged in this freeze space, another evaporimeter is arranged in this stored frozen space, this stored frozen space stores the cold energy of this evaporimeter release, to make the temperature in this stored frozen space maintain a cryogenic temperature, and the temperature in this stored under refrigeration space is made to maintain one higher than the refrigerated storage temperature of this cryogenic temperature.
Preferably, this storage cabinet unit also comprises one and to combine with this refrigerated cabinet and to have the storage cabinet of a storage area, and multiple cooling air flap group be electrically connected with this control unit respectively.Described cooling air flap group is arranged between this freezing cabinet and this refrigerated cabinet respectively, and between this refrigerated cabinet and this storage cabinet.When this control unit controls corresponding cooling air flap group unlatching, this stored under refrigeration space is connected with this stored frozen space via the cooling air flap group of correspondence, or this storage area is connected with this stored under refrigeration space via the cooling air flap group of correspondence, and then the temperature in this stored under refrigeration space and this storage area is declined.
Preferably, this storage cabinet unit also comprises multiple storage cabinet respectively with a storage area, and multiple cooling air flap group be electrically connected with this control unit respectively.Described storage cabinet be combined with each other respectively or is combined with this refrigerated cabinet.Described cooling air flap group is arranged between this freezing cabinet and this refrigerated cabinet, between this refrigerated cabinet and this storage cabinet respectively, and between the storage cabinet be combined with each other.When this control unit controls corresponding cooling air flap group unlatching, make this stored under refrigeration space be connected with this stored frozen space via the cooling air flap group of correspondence or described storage area is connected with this stored under refrigeration space or corresponding storage area via corresponding cooling air flap group respectively, and then control the temperature in this stored under refrigeration space and described storage area.
Preferably, this storage cabinet unit also comprises one and to combine with this refrigerated cabinet and to have the storage cabinet of a storage area, and a cooling twice group.This cooling twice group comprises a cooling line, a cooling water pump, multiple heat absorption pipeline, and multiple magnetic valve.This cooling line is connected with described heat absorption pipeline the circulating line that formation one is circulated for a refrigerant.This cooling line is arranged in this freezing cabinet.Described heat absorption pipeline is arranged in this refrigerated cabinet and this storage cabinet respectively.This cooling water pump is arranged on this circulating line, the past described heat absorption tube runs after lowering the temperature for ordering about refrigerant to flow through this cooling line in this circulating line.Described magnetic valve to be arranged at respectively on described heat absorption pipeline and to be electrically connected with this control unit, when this control unit controls corresponding magnetic valve unlatching, the refrigerant of cooling is flowed in corresponding heat absorption pipeline, and then controls the temperature in this stored under refrigeration space and this storage area.
Preferably, this storage cabinet unit also comprises multiple storage cabinet respectively with a storage area, and a cooling twice group.Described storage cabinet be combined with each other respectively or is combined with this refrigerated cabinet.This cooling twice group comprises a cooling line, a cooling water pump, multiple heat absorption pipeline, and multiple magnetic valve.This cooling line is connected with described heat absorption pipeline the circulating line that formation one is circulated for a refrigerant.This cooling line is arranged in this stored frozen space.Described heat absorption pipeline is arranged in this refrigerated cabinet and described storage cabinet respectively.This cooling water pump is arranged on this circulating line, the past described heat absorption tube runs after lowering the temperature for ordering about refrigerant to flow through this cooling line in this circulating line.Described magnetic valve to be arranged at respectively on described heat absorption pipeline and to be electrically connected with this control unit.When this control unit controls corresponding magnetic valve unlatching, the refrigerant of cooling is flowed in corresponding heat absorption pipeline, and then controls the temperature in the storage area of this stored under refrigeration space or correspondence.
Preferably, this storage cabinet unit also comprises one and is arranged at humidity controller in this storage cabinet unit.This humidity controller is electrically connected with this control unit to control the humidity in this storage cabinet unit.
Preferably, this storage cabinet unit also comprises one and is arranged at gas purifier in this storage cabinet unit, and this gas purifier is electrically connected with this control unit to purify the gas in this storage cabinet unit.
Preferably, this compressor has a compression entrance and a compression outlet.This condenser has a condensation entrance and a condensate outlet.This expansion valve has an expansion entrance and an expansion outlet.This evaporimeter has an evaporation entrance and an evaporation outlet.The condensation entrance of this condenser is connected to the compression outlet of this compressor.This condensate outlet is connected to the expansion entrance of this expansion valve.The evaporation entrance of this evaporimeter is connected to the expansion outlet of this expansion valve.This evaporation outlet is connected to its compression entrance of this compression.This heat-exchange device also comprises a heat exchange unit, one first diaphragm valve unit, one second diaphragm valve unit, one the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, and one the 4th diaphragm valve unit.This heat exchange unit can make to flow through the refrigerant condensation of this heat exchange unit and dispels the heat or evaporate and absorb heat.This heat exchange unit has a heat exchange entrance and heat exchange outlet.This heat exchange entrance is communicated in the compression outlet of this compressor, the condensate outlet of this condenser, and the expansion outlet of this expansion valve.The expansion entrance of this heat exchange outlet in this expansion valve and the compression entrance of this compressor.This first diaphragm valve unit is arranged at the compression outlet of this compressor.The refrigerant of this first diaphragm valve unit controls after this compressor compresses only flow to this condenser and this heat exchange unit one of them, or flow to this condenser and this heat exchange unit simultaneously.This second diaphragm valve unit is arranged at the condensate outlet of this condenser.The refrigerant of this second diaphragm valve unit controls after this condenser condenses only flow to this expansion valve and this heat exchange unit one of them, or flow to this expansion valve and this heat exchange unit simultaneously.3rd diaphragm valve unit is arranged at the expansion outlet of this expansion valve.The refrigerant of 3rd diaphragm valve unit controls after this expansion valve step-down only flow to this evaporimeter and this heat exchange unit one of them, or flow to this evaporimeter and this heat exchange unit simultaneously.4th diaphragm valve unit is arranged at the heat exchange outlet of this heat exchange unit.4th diaphragm valve unit controls through this heat exchange unit carry out the refrigerant after heat exchange only flow to this expansion valve and this compressor one of them.This control unit is electrically connected on this first diaphragm valve unit, the second diaphragm valve unit, the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, and the 4th diaphragm valve unit, for controlling this first diaphragm valve unit, the second diaphragm valve unit, the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, and the 4th diaphragm valve unit, and then guiding refrigerant returns this compressor after this compressor compresses after condensation, step-down and evaporation.
Preferably, this compressor has a compression entrance and a compression outlet.This condenser has a condensation entrance and a condensate outlet.This expansion valve has an expansion entrance and an expansion outlet.This evaporimeter has an evaporation entrance and an evaporation outlet.The condensation entrance of this condenser is connected to the compression outlet of this compressor.This condensate outlet is connected to the expansion entrance of this expansion valve.The evaporation entrance of this evaporimeter is connected to the expansion outlet of this expansion valve.This evaporation outlet is connected to its compression entrance of this compression.Pressure unit, a heat exchange unit, rear pressure unit, one first diaphragm valve unit, an one second diaphragm valve unit before this heat-exchange device also comprises one, and one the 3rd diaphragm valve unit.When refrigerant flows through this front pressure unit, this front pressure unit is step-down state and can not make not converting between actuator state of refrigerant step-down before makes refrigerant step-down controllably.This front pressure unit has one first entrance and one first outlet.This first entrance is connected to the compression outlet of this compressor and the condensate outlet of this condenser.This heat exchange unit can make to flow through the refrigerant condensation of this heat exchange unit and dispels the heat or evaporate and absorb heat.This heat exchange unit has a heat exchange entrance and heat exchange outlet.This heat exchange entrance is communicated in the first outlet of this front pressure unit.When refrigerant flows through this rear pressure unit, this rear pressure unit controllably makes the rear step-down state of refrigerant step-down one and can not make not converting between actuator state of refrigerant step-down.This rear pressure unit has one second entrance and one second outlet.This second entrance is connected to the heat exchange outlet of this heat exchange unit.This second outlet is connected to the evaporation entrance of this evaporimeter and the compression entrance of this compressor.This first diaphragm valve unit is arranged at the compression outlet of this compressor.The refrigerant of this first diaphragm valve unit controls after this compressor compresses only flow to this condenser and this front pressure unit one of them, or flow to this condenser and this front pressure unit simultaneously.This second diaphragm valve unit is arranged at the condensate outlet of this condenser.The refrigerant of this second diaphragm valve unit controls after this condenser condenses only flow to this expansion valve and this front pressure unit one of them, or flow to this expansion valve and this front pressure unit simultaneously.3rd diaphragm valve unit is arranged at the second outlet of this rear pressure unit.The refrigerant that 3rd diaphragm valve unit controls flows through this rear pressure unit only flow to this evaporimeter and this compressor one of them.This control unit is electrically connected on this first diaphragm valve unit, the second diaphragm valve unit, and the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, for controlling this first diaphragm valve unit, the second diaphragm valve unit, and the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, and then guiding refrigerant returns this compressor after this compressor compresses after condensation, step-down and evaporation.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the temperature that the cold energy storing evaporimeter release by cold storage unit also makes freeze space and chill space reach freezing with the cold energy deposited further and refrigerates, and produce cold water, the heat energy of condenser release is stored again with thermal energy storage unit, and produce hot water, cold energy stored by thermostat unit of finally arranging in pairs or groups utilizes and heat energy regulate indoor temperature, reach and only can reach with a heat-exchange device function having refrigerator, cold air, heating installation, water heater concurrently.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram, and the first preferred embodiment of the cold and hot many function, energy-savings system of the present invention is described;
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram, illustrates that this first preferred embodiment also comprises a storage cabinet unit;
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram, illustrates that the storage cabinet unit of this first preferred embodiment comprises a cooling twice group;
Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram, and a heat-exchange device of this first preferred embodiment is described;
Fig. 5 to 8 is schematic diagrames, the flow direction that in the heat-exchange device of the first preferred embodiment of key diagram 4, refrigerant is different;
Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram, and the another kind of heat-exchange device of this first preferred embodiment is described; And
Figure 10 is a schematic diagram, and the second preferred embodiment of the cold and hot many function, energy-savings system of the present invention is described.
Detailed description of the invention
Aforementioned and other technology contents, feature and effect for the present invention, in the detailed description of following cooperation with reference to graphic two preferred embodiments, can clearly present.
Consult Fig. 1, for the first preferred embodiment of the cold and hot many function, energy-savings system of the present invention, in the present embodiment, cold and hot many function, energy-savings system comprises heat-exchange device 1, cold storage unit 2, thermal energy storage unit 3, thermostat unit 4, and a control unit (not shown).
This heat-exchange device 1 as heat exchanger and comprise compressor 11, condenser 12, expansion valve 13, an and evaporimeter 14.Refrigerant after compressor 11 compresses, through condenser 12 condensation heat release, then in evaporimeter 14 evaporation endothermic after expansion valve 13 step-down, is finally got back to compressor 11, and is completed circulation once.
Cold storage unit 2 comprises the cold storage body 21 that has a freeze space 211 and a chill space 212, and one is arranged at freeze space 211 inner cold water accumulator tank 22.Freeze space 211 for evaporimeter 14 arrange and for store evaporimeter 14 discharge cold energy.The cold energy that cold water storage groove 22 is stored by freeze space 211 by the water for cooling in cold water storage groove 22 to export cold water.
Thermal energy storage unit 3 comprises the thermal energy storage body 31 that has a thermal energy storage district 311, and one is arranged at hot water storage tank 32 in thermal energy storage district 311.Thermal energy storage district 311 to be arranged and for storing the heat energy that condenser 12 discharges for condenser 12.Water in hot water storage tank 32 heats to export hot water by the heat energy that hot water storage tank 32 is stored by thermal energy storage district 311.
Thermostat unit 4 comprises cold air airduct group 41, cold air air door group 42, heating installation airduct group 43, and a heating installation air door group 44.Cold air airduct group 41 is connected to cold storage body 21.Cold air air door group 42 to be arranged in this cold air airduct group 41 and to be electrically connected with control unit.Heating installation airduct group 43 is connected to thermal energy storage body 31.Heating installation air door group 44 to be arranged in heating installation airduct group 43 and to be electrically connected with this control unit.
Control unit respectively with heat-exchange device 1, cold air air door group 42, and heating installation air door group 44 is electrically connected.Stored cold energy and heat energy in cold storage unit 2 and thermal energy storage unit 3 is regulated by the start controlling heat-exchange device 1.When control unit control cold air air door group 42 is opened, cold air airduct group 41 is connected with the chill space 212 of cold storage body 21, the air of indoor is directed to cooling in chill space 212 and the air after cooling in chill space 212 is directed to indoor, and then indoor temperature is declined; When control unit control heating installation air door group 44 is opened, heating installation airduct group 43 is connected with the thermal energy storage district 311 of thermal energy storage body 31, the air of indoor be directed to heating in thermal energy storage district 311 and the air after heating in thermal energy storage district 311 is directed to indoor, and then making indoor temperature increase.
In this preferred embodiment, when cold air air door group 42 is opened, cold air airduct group 41 is communicated in chill space 212, but not as limit, cold air airduct group 41 also can be communicated in freeze space 211.
The cold energy that evaporimeter 14 discharges first is stored by cold storage unit 2, and store by thermal energy storage unit 3 heat energy that condenser 12 discharges, and reach the function that cold water, hot water are provided, further, control the unlatching of cold air air door group 42 and heating installation air door group 44 respectively with control unit, the cold energy that utilization stores in advance or heat energy reach the function regulating indoor temperature.
Thus, just heat-exchange device 1 just can be made to operate in the time be applicable to, such as, during summer, daytime, weather was warmmer, evaporimeter 14 is made to discharge a certain amount of cold energy, the required energy consumed is many compared with night, therefore, makes heat-exchange device 1 operate as in the night and storage of cold in advance, the cold energy stored in advance is re-used when waiting until daytime, effectively can reduce the consumption of the energy, night as another be belong to energy resource consumption from the peak period, the cost of section electricity consumption at this moment also can be lower.
Consult Fig. 2, further, this preferred embodiment also comprises a storage cabinet unit 5.Storage cabinet unit 5 comprises a freezing cabinet 51, with a stored frozen space 510 and has the refrigerated cabinet 52 in a stored under refrigeration space 520, multiple humidity controller 55 had respectively in the storage cabinet 53 of a storage area 530 ~ 533, multiple cooling air flap group 54, storage cabinet 53 disposed therein, and the gas purifier 56 in a storage cabinet 53 disposed therein.
Refrigerated cabinet 52 combines with freezing cabinet 51.Freezing cabinet 51 arranges for evaporimeter 14 and stores the cold energy of evaporimeter 14 release.Described storage cabinet 53 be combined with each other respectively or is combined with refrigerated cabinet 52.Described cooling air flap group 54 is arranged between freezing cabinet 51 and refrigerated cabinet 52 respectively, refrigerated cabinet 52 and storing between cabinet 53, and between the storage cabinet 53 be combined with each other.
The number of the evaporimeter 14 of heat-exchange device 1 is two, and described evaporimeter 14 is in parallel connection.Wherein an evaporimeter 14 is arranged in this freeze space 211, and another evaporimeter 14 is arranged in this stored frozen space 510.The start that control unit controls heat-exchange device 1 maintains a cryogenic temperature to regulate the temperature in stored frozen space 510.
Control unit also with described cooling air flap group 54, humidity controller 55, and gas purifier 56 is electrically connected.Control unit controls described cooling air flap group 54 respectively and opens, make corresponding freezing cabinet 51, refrigerated cabinet 52 or store cabinet 53 to be connected, and then the gaseous exchange making in corresponding stored frozen space 510, stored under refrigeration space 520 or described storage area 530 ~ 533, reach and control stored under refrigeration space 520 and the temperature respectively in this storage area 530 ~ 533.Control unit controlled humidity controller 55 is to control the humidity in corresponding storage area 533; Control unit control gas purifier 56 purifies the gas in corresponding storage area 531.
By the control of control unit, the temperature in stored frozen space 510 can be made to maintain cryogenic temperature that one is equivalent to general refrigerator freezing storehouse; Make the temperature in stored under refrigeration space 520 maintain one higher than this cryogenic temperature and be equivalent to the refrigerated storage temperature in general refrigerator cold-storage storehouse; The temperature in each storage area 530 ~ 533 is made to maintain the different temperatures of acquiescence respectively.Coordinate the setting of humidity controller 55 and gas purifier 56 again, make each storage area 530 ~ 533 must according to function distinguishing be Yin Wendu decline vapor content in gas is reduced can be used as dish drier low temperature drying district 530, the low temperature storage area 532 maintaining dry environment, the gas purification district 531 that can reach as functions such as fume purifyings with gas purifier 56 Purge gas, and with humidity controller 55 by humid control at applicable plant growth and with the arable farming district 533 of plant by gas purification.
Consult Fig. 3, storage cabinet unit 5 also can comprise freezing cabinet 51, refrigerated cabinet 52, multiple storage cabinet 53, humidity controller 55, gas purifier 56, and a cooling twice group 57.
Cooling twice group 57 comprises a cooling line 571, multiple heat absorption pipeline 572, cooling water pump 573, and multiple magnetic valve 574.Cooling line 571 is connected with described heat absorption pipeline 572 circulating line that formation one is circulated for a refrigerant.Cooling line 571 is arranged in this freezing cabinet 51.Described heat absorption pipeline 572 is arranged in refrigerated cabinet 52 and described storage cabinet 53 respectively.Cooling water pump 573 is arranged on circulating line, flows after cooling for ordering about refrigerant to flow through this cooling line 571 in circulating line toward described heat absorption pipeline 572.Described magnetic valve 574 to be arranged at respectively on described heat absorption pipeline 572 and to be electrically connected with this control unit.When the magnetic valve 574 of control unit control correspondence is opened, the refrigerant of cooling is flowed in corresponding heat absorption pipeline 572, and then controls the temperature in the storage area 530 ~ 533 of stored under refrigeration space 520 or correspondence.
Consult Fig. 4, in order to the energy of the more effective application heat-exchange device 1 of energy, the compressor 11 of this preferred embodiment has compression entrance 111 and a compression outlet 112.Condenser 12 has condensation entrance 121 and a condensate outlet 122.Expansion valve 13 has expansion entrance 131 and an expansion outlet 132.Evaporimeter 14 has evaporation entrance 141 and an evaporation outlet 142.The condensation entrance 121 of condenser 12 is connected to the compression outlet 112 of compressor 11.Condensate outlet 122 is connected to the expansion entrance 131 of expansion valve 13.The evaporation entrance 141 of evaporimeter 14 is connected to the expansion outlet 132 of expansion valve 13.Evaporation outlet 142 is connected to the compression entrance 111 of compressor 11.Heat-exchange device 1 also comprises heat exchange unit 15,1 first diaphragm valve unit 16,1 second diaphragm valve unit 17, a 3rd diaphragm valve unit 18, and one the 4th diaphragm valve unit 19.
Heat exchange unit 15 is arranged at outdoor, and can make the refrigerant condensation that flows through and dispel the heat or evaporate and absorb heat.Heat exchange unit 15 has a heat exchange entrance 151 and heat exchange outlet 152.Heat exchange entrance 151 is communicated in the compression outlet 112 of compressor 11, the condensate outlet 122 of condenser 12, and the expansion outlet 132 of expansion valve 13.Heat exchange outlet 152 is communicated in the expansion entrance 131 of expansion valve 13 and the compression entrance 111 of compressor 11.
First diaphragm valve unit 16 is arranged at the compression outlet 112 of compressor 11.First diaphragm valve unit 16 refrigerant controlled after this compressor 11 compresses only flow to condenser 12 and this heat exchange unit 15 one of them, or flow to this condenser 12 and this heat exchange unit 15 simultaneously.
Second diaphragm valve unit 17 is arranged at the condensate outlet 122 of condenser 12.Second diaphragm valve unit 17 control through the condensed refrigerant of condenser 12 only flow to expansion valve 13 and heat exchange unit 15 one of them, or flow to expansion valve 13 and heat exchange unit 15 simultaneously.
3rd diaphragm valve unit 18 is arranged at the expansion outlet 132 of expansion valve 13.3rd diaphragm valve unit 18 refrigerant controlled after expansion valve 13 step-down only flow to evaporimeter 14 and heat exchange unit 15 one of them, or flow to evaporimeter 14 and heat exchange unit 15 simultaneously.
4th diaphragm valve unit 19 is arranged at the heat exchange outlet 152 of heat exchange unit 15.4th diaphragm valve unit 19 refrigerant controlled after heat exchange unit 15 carries out heat exchange only flow to expansion valve 13 and compressor 11 one of them.
First diaphragm valve unit 16, second diaphragm valve unit 17, the 3rd diaphragm valve unit 18, and the 4th diaphragm valve unit 19 be all electrically connected on control unit, and controlled unit controls and then the control path of refrigerant in heat-exchange device 1, guiding refrigerant returns compressor 11 after compressor 11 compresses after condensation, step-down and evaporation.
Heat-exchange device 1 initial start stage, as shown in Figure 5, refrigerant is after compressor 11 compresses, flow to heat exchange unit 15 condensation and dispel the heat, flow to expansion valve 13 again to expand step-down, get back to compressor 11 finally by by after evaporimeter 14 evaporation endothermic, and complete and once circulate, and reach the function transferred to by the cold energy of outdoor in cold storage unit 2.
When outdoor temperature is higher, or while storage of cold in advance, need in thermal energy storage unit 3 in advance heat energy storage time, as shown in Figure 6, refrigerant is after compressor 11 compresses, flow to condenser 12 condensation and dispel the heat, flow to expansion valve 13 again to expand step-down, compressor 11 is got back to finally by by after evaporimeter 14 evaporation endothermic, and complete and once circulate, cold energy in thermal energy storage unit 3 is transferred in cold storage unit 2, simultaneously storage of cold in advance in cold storage unit 2, heat energy storage in advance in thermal energy storage unit 3.
When only must in advance heat energy storage time, or temperature is too low in cold storage unit 2, use the evaporimeter 14 be arranged in cold storage unit 2 evaporate the efficiency of carrying out absorbing heat too low time, as shown in Figure 7, refrigerant, after compressor 11 compresses, flow to condenser 12 condensation and dispels the heat, flow to expansion valve 13 again to expand step-down, get back to compressor 11 finally by after being arranged at outdoor heat exchange unit 15 evaporation endothermic, and complete and once circulate, by the heat energy transfer of outdoor in thermal energy storage unit 3.
As shown in Figure 8, the path of refrigerant circulation also can be after compressor 11 compresses, flow to condenser 12 condensation and after dispelling the heat, flow to heat exchange unit 15 carry out second time condensation and dispel the heat, flow to expansion valve 13 again to expand step-down, get back to compressor 11 finally by after being arranged at outdoor heat exchange unit 15 evaporation endothermic, and complete and once circulate, the efficiency that refrigerant is dispelled the heat is better, to promote the efficiency of storage of cold in advance.
The heat-exchange device 1 that can change refrigerant circulation runner in this preferred embodiment is not limited with above-mentioned, also can be as shown in Figure 9, heat-exchange device 1 to comprise before compressor 11, condenser 12, expansion valve 13, evaporimeter 14, heat exchange unit 15, a pressure unit 102, first diaphragm valve unit 16, second diaphragm valve unit 17 after pressure unit 101, and the 3rd diaphragm valve unit 18.
Front pressure unit 101 is electrically connected with control unit and has one first entrance 103 and one first and exports 104.First entrance 103 is connected to the compression outlet 112 of this compressor 11 and the condensate outlet 122 of condenser 12.Heat exchange unit 15 can make to flow through the refrigerant condensation of heat exchange unit 15 and dispels the heat or evaporate and absorb heat.
The heat exchange entrance 151 of heat exchange unit 15 is communicated in the first outlet 103 of this front pressure unit 101.When refrigerant flows through this front pressure unit 101, this front pressure unit 101 is step-down state and can not make not converting between actuator state of refrigerant step-down before makes refrigerant step-down controllably.Rear pressure unit 102 is electrically connected with control unit and has one second entrance 105 and one second and exports 106.Second entrance 105 is connected to the heat exchange outlet 152 of heat exchange unit 15.Second outlet 106 is connected to the evaporation entrance 141 of evaporimeter 14 and the compression entrance 111 of this compressor 11.When refrigerant flows through this rear pressure unit 102, this rear pressure unit 102 controllably makes the rear step-down state of refrigerant step-down one and can not make not converting between actuator state of refrigerant step-down.
First diaphragm valve unit 16 is arranged at the compression outlet 112 of compressor 11.First diaphragm valve unit 16 refrigerant controlled after compressor 11 compresses only flow to condenser 12 and front pressure unit 101 one of them, or flow to condenser 12 and this front pressure unit 101 simultaneously.
Second diaphragm valve unit 17 is arranged at the condensate outlet 122 of condenser 12.Second diaphragm valve unit 17 control through the condensed refrigerant of this condenser 12 only flow to this expansion valve 13 and this front pressure unit 101 one of them, or flow to this expansion valve 13 and this front pressure unit 101 simultaneously.
3rd diaphragm valve unit 18 is arranged at the second outlet 106 of rear pressure unit 102.The refrigerant of the 3rd diaphragm valve unit 18 control flow check pressure unit 102 after this only flow to this evaporimeter 14 and this compressor 11 one of them.
Control unit controls front pressure unit 101, rear pressure unit 102, first diaphragm valve unit 16, second diaphragm valve unit 17, and the 3rd diaphragm valve unit 18, and then changes the circulatory flow of refrigerant.Reach with the function of the corresponding different using state of different circulatory flow.
Consult Figure 10, for the second preferred embodiment of the cold and hot many function, energy-savings system of the present invention, second preferred embodiment is all identical with the main member of the first preferred embodiment, also namely this second preferred embodiment also includes heat-exchange device 1, cold storage unit 2, thermal energy storage unit 3, thermostat unit 4, and a control unit (not shown).In this, something in common repeats no more, and not existing together is that the thermostat unit 4 of this second preferred embodiment comprises a water circulating pump be electrically connected with control unit 45 and and is embedded in underground pipe group 46 in indoor floor or wall.Water circulating pump 45 is connected to hot water storage tank 32, cold water storage groove 22 and underground pipe group 46.Cold water in hot water in hot water storage tank 32 or cold water storage groove 22 is directed to underground pipe group 46 by control unit controlled circulation water pump 45, and then cold water or hot water is directed in indoor floor or wall to regulate indoor temperature.
In sum, by being arranged in cold storage body 21 by the evaporimeter 14 of heat-exchange device 1, the cold energy that evaporimeter 14 is discharged is stored in freeze space 211 and chill space 212 in advance, and the water for cooling making to be stored in cold water storage groove 22 is to provide cold water; Be arranged in thermal energy storage body 31 by condenser 12, the thermal energy storage that condenser 12 is discharged in thermal energy storage district 311, and makes the water be stored in hot water storage tank 32 heat to provide hot water again.Coordinate the setting of thermostat unit 4 again, utilize the cold energy and heat energy that store in advance to regulate indoor temperature, finally add the setting of storage cabinet unit 5, reach and only can provide freezer with a heat-exchange device 1, freezer, hot and cold water is supplied, , dish drier, dry storage, fume purifying, plant cultivating, gas purification, and the function such as air-conditioning, further, period (as night or with the ionization peak period) running can be done in comparatively good speed cold energy is stored in advance, re-use when needs use, effectively reduce energy resource consumption, so the object of the present invention really can be reached.
As described above, be only preferred embodiment of the present invention, and when not limiting scope of the invention process with this, namely all simple equivalences done according to claims of the present invention and description change and modify, and all still belong to the scope of patent of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system, comprise a heat-exchange device, this heat-exchange device comprises a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve and an evaporimeter, refrigerant is after this compressor compresses, through this condenser condenses heat release, absorb heat in evaporator evaporation after this expansion valve step-down again, finally get back to this compressor; It is characterized in that: this cold and hot many function, energy-savings system comprises:
One cold storage unit, comprise the cold storage body that has a freeze space and a chill space, and one is arranged at cold water storage groove in this freeze space, this freeze space is arranged for this evaporimeter and cold energy for storing the release of this evaporimeter, the cold energy that this cold water storage groove is stored by this freeze space by the water for cooling in this cold water storage groove to export cold water;
One thermal energy storage unit, comprise the thermal energy storage body that has a thermal energy storage district, and one is arranged at hot water storage tank in this thermal energy storage district, this thermal energy storage district is arranged for this condenser and for storing the heat energy that this condenser discharges, the water in this hot water storage tank heats to export hot water by the heat energy that this hot water storage tank is stored by this thermal energy storage district;
One thermostat unit, is connected to this cold storage unit and this thermal energy storage unit; And
One control unit, respectively with this heat-exchange device, and the electrical connection of this thermostat unit, to regulate in this cold storage unit and this thermal energy storage unit stored cold energy and heat energy by the start controlling this heat-exchange device, control the heat energy of storage in cold energy that this thermostat unit utilizes this cold storage unit to store or this thermal energy storage unit to regulate indoor temperature.
2. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this thermostat unit comprises a cold air airduct group, one cold air air door group, one heating installation airduct group, and a heating installation air door group, this cold air airduct group is connected to this cold storage body, this cold air air door group to be arranged in this cold air airduct group and to be electrically connected with this control unit, this heating installation airduct group is connected to this thermal energy storage body, this heating installation air door group to be arranged in this heating installation airduct group and to be electrically connected with this control unit, when this control unit controls the unlatching of this cold air air door group, frost zone or the chill space of this cold air airduct group and this cold storage body are connected, the air of indoor is directed to cooling in this freeze space or chill space and the air after cooling in this freeze space or chill space is directed to indoor, and then indoor temperature is declined, when this control unit controls the unlatching of this heating installation air door group, this heating installation airduct group is connected with the thermal energy storage district of this thermal energy storage body, the air of indoor is directed to heating in this thermal energy storage district and the air after heating in this thermal energy storage district is directed to indoor, and then make indoor temperature increase.
3. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this thermostat unit comprises one and is embedded in underground pipe group in indoor floor or wall, this control unit controls the cold water in the hot water in this hot water storage tank or this cold water storage groove to be directed to this underground pipe group, and then regulates indoor temperature.
4. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: this thermostat unit also comprises a water circulating pump be electrically connected with this control unit, this water circulating pump is connected to this hot water storage tank, this cold water storage groove and this underground pipe group, this control unit controls this water circulating pump and the cold water in the hot water in this hot water storage tank or this cold water storage groove is directed to this underground pipe group, and then regulates indoor temperature.
5. according to the cold and hot many function, energy-saving system of Claims 1-4 according to any one of it, it is characterized in that: this cold and hot many function, energy-savings system also comprises a storage cabinet unit, this storage cabinet unit comprises the freezing cabinet that has a stored frozen space, and one to combine with this freezing cabinet and to have the refrigerated cabinet in a stored under refrigeration space, the number of the evaporimeter of this heat-exchange device is two, described evaporimeter is parallel connection, wherein an evaporimeter is arranged in this freeze space, another evaporimeter is arranged in this stored frozen space, this stored frozen space stores the cold energy of this evaporimeter release, a cryogenic temperature is maintained to make the temperature in this stored frozen space, and make the temperature in this stored under refrigeration space maintain one higher than the refrigerated storage temperature of this cryogenic temperature.
6. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: this storage cabinet unit also comprises one and to combine with this refrigerated cabinet and to have the storage cabinet of a storage area, and multiple cooling air flap group be electrically connected with this control unit respectively, described cooling air flap group is arranged between this freezing cabinet and this refrigerated cabinet respectively, and between this refrigerated cabinet and this storage cabinet, when this control unit controls corresponding cooling air flap group unlatching, this stored under refrigeration space is connected with this stored frozen space via the cooling air flap group of correspondence, or this storage area is connected with this stored under refrigeration space via the cooling air flap group of correspondence, and then the temperature in this stored under refrigeration space and this storage area is declined.
7. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: this storage cabinet unit also comprises multiple storage cabinet respectively with a storage area, and multiple cooling air flap group be electrically connected with this control unit respectively, described storage cabinet be combined with each other respectively or is combined with this refrigerated cabinet, described cooling air flap group is arranged between this freezing cabinet and this refrigerated cabinet respectively, between this refrigerated cabinet and this storage cabinet, and between the storage cabinet be combined with each other, when this control unit controls corresponding cooling air flap group unlatching, this stored under refrigeration space is connected with this stored frozen space via the cooling air flap group of correspondence, or described storage area is connected with this stored under refrigeration space or corresponding storage area via the cooling air flap group of correspondence respectively, and then the temperature controlled in this stored under refrigeration space and described storage area.
8. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: this storage cabinet unit also comprises one and to combine with this refrigerated cabinet and to have the storage cabinet of a storage area, and a cooling twice group, this cooling twice group comprises a cooling line, one cooling water pump, multiple heat absorption pipeline, and multiple magnetic valve, this cooling line is connected with described heat absorption pipeline the circulating line that formation one is circulated for a refrigerant, this cooling line is arranged in this freezing cabinet, described heat absorption pipeline is arranged in this refrigerated cabinet and this storage cabinet respectively, this cooling water pump is arranged on this circulating line, the past described heat absorption tube runs after lowering the temperature for ordering about refrigerant to flow through this cooling line in this circulating line, described magnetic valve to be arranged at respectively on described heat absorption pipeline and to be electrically connected with this control unit, when this control unit controls corresponding magnetic valve unlatching, the refrigerant of cooling is made to flow in corresponding heat absorption pipeline, and then the temperature controlled in this stored under refrigeration space and this storage area.
9. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: this storage cabinet unit also comprises multiple storage cabinet respectively with a storage area, and a cooling twice group, described storage cabinet be combined with each other respectively or is combined with this refrigerated cabinet, this cooling twice group comprises a cooling line, one cooling water pump, multiple heat absorption pipeline, and multiple magnetic valve, this cooling line is connected with described heat absorption pipeline the circulating line that formation one is circulated for a refrigerant, this cooling line is arranged in this stored frozen space, described heat absorption pipeline is arranged in this refrigerated cabinet and described storage cabinet respectively, this cooling water pump is arranged on this circulating line, the past described heat absorption tube runs after lowering the temperature for ordering about refrigerant to flow through this cooling line in this circulating line, described magnetic valve to be arranged at respectively on described heat absorption pipeline and to be electrically connected with this control unit, when this control unit controls corresponding magnetic valve unlatching, the refrigerant of cooling is made to flow in corresponding heat absorption pipeline, and then the temperature controlled in the storage area of this stored under refrigeration space or correspondence.
10. cold and hot many function, energy-savings system according to claim 5, is characterized in that: this storage cabinet unit also comprises one and is arranged at humidity controller in this storage cabinet unit, and this humidity controller is electrically connected with this control unit to control the humidity in this storage cabinet unit.
11. cold and hot many function, energy-savings systems according to claim 5, is characterized in that: this storage cabinet unit also comprises one and is arranged at gas purifier in this storage cabinet unit, and this gas purifier is electrically connected with this control unit to purify the gas in this storage cabinet unit.
12. according to the cold and hot many function, energy-saving system of Claims 1-4 according to any one of it, it is characterized in that: this compressor has a compression entrance and a compression outlet, this condenser has a condensation entrance and a condensate outlet, this expansion valve has an expansion entrance and an expansion outlet, this evaporimeter has an evaporation entrance and an evaporation outlet, the condensation entrance of this condenser is connected to the compression outlet of this compressor, this condensate outlet is connected to the expansion entrance of this expansion valve, the evaporation entrance of this evaporimeter is connected to the expansion outlet of this expansion valve, this evaporation outlet is connected to the compression entrance of this compressor, this heat-exchange device also comprises:
One heat exchange unit, can make to flow through the refrigerant condensation of this heat exchange unit and dispel the heat or evaporate and absorb heat, this heat exchange unit has a heat exchange entrance and heat exchange outlet, this heat exchange entrance is communicated in the expansion outlet of the compression outlet of this compressor, the condensate outlet of this condenser and this expansion valve, the expansion entrance of this heat exchange outlet in this expansion valve and the compression entrance of this compressor;
One first diaphragm valve unit, is arranged at the compression outlet of this compressor, the refrigerant of this first diaphragm valve unit controls after this compressor compresses only flow to this condenser and this heat exchange unit one of them, or flow to this condenser and this heat exchange unit simultaneously;
One second diaphragm valve unit, is arranged at the condensate outlet of this condenser, the refrigerant of this second diaphragm valve unit controls after this condenser condenses only flow to this expansion valve and this heat exchange unit one of them, or flow to this expansion valve and this heat exchange unit simultaneously;
One the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, is arranged at the expansion outlet of this expansion valve, the refrigerant of the 3rd diaphragm valve unit controls after this expansion valve step-down only flow to this evaporimeter and this heat exchange unit one of them, or flow to this evaporimeter and this heat exchange unit simultaneously; And
One the 4th diaphragm valve unit, is arranged at the heat exchange outlet of this heat exchange unit, the 4th diaphragm valve unit controls through this heat exchange unit carry out the refrigerant after heat exchange only flow to this expansion valve and this compressor one of them;
This control unit is electrically connected on this first diaphragm valve unit, the second diaphragm valve unit, the 3rd diaphragm valve unit and the 4th diaphragm valve unit, for controlling this first diaphragm valve unit, the second diaphragm valve unit, the 3rd diaphragm valve unit and the 4th diaphragm valve unit, and then guiding refrigerant returns this compressor after this compressor compresses after condensation, step-down and evaporation.
13. according to the cold and hot many function, energy-saving system of Claims 1-4 according to any one of it, it is characterized in that: this compressor has a compression entrance and a compression outlet, this condenser has a condensation entrance and a condensate outlet, this expansion valve has an expansion entrance and an expansion outlet, this evaporimeter has an evaporation entrance and an evaporation outlet, the condensation entrance of this condenser is connected to the compression outlet of this compressor, this condensate outlet is connected to the expansion entrance of this expansion valve, the evaporation entrance of this evaporimeter is connected to the expansion outlet of this expansion valve, this evaporation outlet is connected to the compression entrance of this compressor, this heat-exchange device also comprises:
Pressure unit before one, when refrigerant flows through this front pressure unit, this front pressure unit is step-down state and can not make not converting between actuator state of refrigerant step-down before makes refrigerant step-down controllably, this front pressure unit has one first entrance and one first outlet, and this first entrance is connected to the compression outlet of this compressor and the condensate outlet of this condenser;
One heat exchange unit, can make to flow through the refrigerant condensation of this heat exchange unit and dispel the heat or evaporate and absorb heat, and this heat exchange unit has a heat exchange entrance and heat exchange outlet, and this heat exchange entrance is communicated in the first outlet of this front pressure unit;
Pressure unit after one, when refrigerant flows through this rear pressure unit, this rear pressure unit controllably makes the rear step-down state of refrigerant step-down one and can not make not converting between actuator state of refrigerant step-down, this rear pressure unit has one second entrance and one second outlet, this second entrance is connected to the heat exchange outlet of this heat exchange unit, and this second outlet is connected to the evaporation entrance of this evaporimeter and the compression entrance of this compressor;
One first diaphragm valve unit, is arranged at the compression outlet of this compressor, the refrigerant of this first diaphragm valve unit controls after this compressor compresses only flow to this condenser and this front pressure unit one of them, or flow to this condenser and this front pressure unit simultaneously;
One second diaphragm valve unit, is arranged at the condensate outlet of this condenser, the refrigerant of this second diaphragm valve unit controls after this condenser condenses only flow to this expansion valve and this front pressure unit one of them, or flow to this expansion valve and this front pressure unit simultaneously; And
One the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, is arranged at the second outlet of this rear pressure unit, the refrigerant that the 3rd diaphragm valve unit controls flows through this rear pressure unit only flow to this evaporimeter and this compressor one of them;
This control unit is electrically connected on this first diaphragm valve unit, the second diaphragm valve unit and the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, for controlling this first diaphragm valve unit, the second diaphragm valve unit and the 3rd diaphragm valve unit, and then guiding refrigerant returns this compressor after this compressor compresses after condensation, step-down and evaporation.
CN201310334373.8A 2012-08-01 2013-07-31 Cold and hot many function, energy-savings system Expired - Fee Related CN103574988B (en)

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