CN103568396A - Light-weight and high-strength thermoplastic composite material sandwich board and production method thereof - Google Patents

Light-weight and high-strength thermoplastic composite material sandwich board and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103568396A
CN103568396A CN201210273724.4A CN201210273724A CN103568396A CN 103568396 A CN103568396 A CN 103568396A CN 201210273724 A CN201210273724 A CN 201210273724A CN 103568396 A CN103568396 A CN 103568396A
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China
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thermoplastic composite
panel
battenboard
parts
strength light
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CN201210273724.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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马春霞
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上海杰事杰新材料(集团)股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201210273724.4A priority Critical patent/CN103568396A/en
Publication of CN103568396A publication Critical patent/CN103568396A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a light-weight and high-strength thermoplastic composite material sandwich board and a production method thereof. The light-weight and high-strength thermoplastic composite material sandwich board comprises two panels and a sandwich layer, wherein the sandwich layer is fixedly arranged between the two panels. The preparation method comprises the following steps: putting the sandwich layer between the two panels; and sticking the two panels on the front and rear faces of the sandwich layer by a thermoplastic glue film through a hot pressing process and a cold pressing process to produce the thermoplastic composite material sandwich board. The panels are continuous fiber enhanced thermoplastic composite material boards and the sandwich layer is made of a honeycomb aluminum material. Compared with the prior art, the thermoplastic composite material sandwich board has the advantages of light weight, high strength, heat preservation, fireproof prevention, moisture prevention, corrosion prevention and the like.

Description

Thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to building decoration and technical field of traffic transportation, especially relate to thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

Along with scientific and technical fast development, for the sandwich sheet type of building decoration, traffic and transport field, emerge in an endless stream.Not only creative on the pattern of structure and sheet material, in function, also there is earth-shaking variation.People require not only attractive in appearance, reliable in quality to it, also require that quality is light, intensity is high, it is fire-retardant to have, the function such as insulation, heat insulation, anticorrosion.The battenboard of selling in the market has metallic plate and other class non-metal board, as wood based panel, plasterboard, glass epoxy etc.

Common metal battenboard is to combine with foamed plastics such as color steel and polystyrene, and Chinese patent CN201517251U discloses a kind ofly take color steel as panel, the insulation sandwich board that polyurethane foam is laminboard layer.

Chinese patent CN2658245Y has introduced a kind of double-side color steel galvanized sandwich plate, one deck color steel and one deck galvanized steel plain sheet and the polystyrene foam that is bonded between two plates, consists of.Chinese patent CN101417450A has introduced a kind of Wood sandwich board, comprises plank layer and sandwich layer, and sandwich layer is by timber structure skeleton and is filled in the intraskeletal filler of timber structure and forms, and between plank layer and sandwich layer, by gluing, becomes integral body.Chinese patent CN201053181Y discloses the sandwich wall board made from plasterboard and polystyrene foam.Chinese patent CN201411818Y has introduced a kind of fluorgypsum battenboard, after the fluorgypsum that grinding calcination processing is crossed, sulfate cement, sodium sulphate, glass fibre or wood-fibred mix, add water and stir into the mould that slurry injection is embedded with polystyrene foam, after sclerosis, the demoulding forms fluorgypsum battenboard.Chinese patent CN1915650A discloses a kind of frp sandwich construction, take producing GFRP ply-board as inside and outside laminate, take foamed plastics or honeycomb as core, by vacuum forming technique, is made.Chinese patent CN201604328U has introduced a kind of glass fiber reinforced plastics sandwiched laminate, comprises by compound glass fibrous braid and infiltrates and solidify the upper and lower that form through resin, and be clipped in the polyurathamc plate between upper and lower laminate.But the weak point of above-mentioned all kinds of battenboards is: metallic plate density is large, corrosion-resistant, thermal conductivity factor are large, do not reach efficient thermal insulation function; Wood based panel is inflammable, does not have fire line, and easily water suction distortion, and humidity resistance is poor, runs into soda acid perishable; Plasterboard, glass epoxy not only weight are large, intensity difference, and range of application is less.

Summary of the invention

Object of the present invention is exactly that a kind of thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light is provided in order to overcome the defect of above-mentioned prior art existence, and this thermoplastic composite battenboard has the advantages such as quality is light, intensity is high, insulation, fire prevention, protection against the tide, anticorrosion.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned thermoplastic composite battenboard.

Object of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:

The invention provides a kind of thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light, this thermoplastic composite battenboard comprises two panels and a laminboard layer.

Described laminboard layer is fixedly bonded between two panels through thermoplasticity glued membrane;

Described panel is made by the component that comprises following parts by weight: 300~600 parts of continuous fibers, 200~500 parts of thermoplastics, 1~20 part of coupling agent, 1~30 part, antioxidant, 1~5 part of light stabilizer, 10~150 parts of fire retardants, 0~20 part of auxiliary agent.

The thickness of described panel is 0.5mm~5mm.

Described panel is continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate.

The thickness of described laminboard layer is 5mm~40mm.

The material of described laminboard layer is aluminum honeycomb material.

Described panel is continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate, and the outer surface of panel paints processing;

Described thermoplasticity glued membrane is selected from polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane or vinyl polymer adhesive film.

Described thermoplasticity glued membrane be tow sides respectively with polarity and nonpolar macromolecule felted-membrane, wherein the one side with polarity bonds with sandwich material, with nonpolar one side and thermoplastic composite material board, bonds.

Described continuous fiber is selected from glass fibre, carbon fiber, aramid fiber or Kafra fiber; Wherein: fiber adopts silvalin bundle, fiber cloth or fibrofelt form;

Described thermoplastic is selected from polypropylene, polyethylene, Merlon, nylon 6 or polyphenylene sulfide;

Described coupling agent is silane coupler, wherein: silane coupler is further selected from one or more the material in gamma-aminopropyl-triethoxy-silane (A-1110), VTES (A-151), vinyl three (beta-methoxy-ethyoxyl) silane (A-172), γ-propyl methacrylate base trimethoxy silane (A-174), (γ-glycidoxy) propyl trimethoxy silicane (A-187) or γ-sulfydryl propyl-triethoxysilicane (KH-580).

Described antioxidant is selected from four [β-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-hydroxy phenyl) propionic ester] pentaerythritol ester (antioxidant 1010), three [2,4-di-tert-butyl-phenyl] one or more material in phosphite ester (irgasfos 168), β-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-hydroxy phenyl) positive octadecanol ester of propionic acid (antioxidant 1076) or dilauryl thiodipropionate (antioxidant DLTDP).

Described light stabilizer is selected from one or more the material in ESCALOL 567 (UV-9), 2-hydroxyl-4-octyloxy benzophenone (UV-531), 2-(3 '-tert-butyl group-2 '-5 '-aminomethyl phenyl)-5-chlorinated benzotriazole (UV-326), 2-(3 ', 5 '-di-t-butyl-2 '-hydroxy phenyl)-5-chlorinated benzotriazole (UV-327) or 2-(2 '-hydroxyl-5 '-aminomethyl phenyl) BTA (UV-P).

Described fire retardant is selected from one or more the material in chlorinated paraffin wax 70, chlorinated paraffin wax 40, perchloro-penta cyclodecane, triphenyl, trimethylphenyl phosphate, tetrabromobisphenol A, deca-BDE, tetrabromobisphenol A (dibromopropyl) ether, three (bromo-1 propyl group of 2,3-bis-) cyanate, HBCD or pentabromotoluene.

Described auxiliary agent is selected from calcium stearate, calcium carbonate or toner.

The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of thermoplastic composite battenboard of above-mentioned high-strength light, and the method comprises the following steps:

Laminboard layer is placed in the middle of two panels, and two panels are bonded in respectively the tow sides of laminboard layer by thermoplasticity glued membrane through heat pressing process and cold-press process, make and obtain thermoplastic composite battenboard;

In described heat pressing process, the hot pressing temperature of employing is 160~190 ℃, and without pressure preheating 2~5min, hot pressing pressure is 2~5MPa, and temperature retention time is 3~10min;

In described cold-press process, the pressure of colding pressing of employing is 1~3MPa, and the dwell time is 10~30min;

Described panel adopts following steps to make and obtains:

(1) by 0~20 part of 200~500 parts of thermoplastics, 1~20 part of coupling agent, 1~30 part, antioxidant, 10~150 parts of fire retardants, 1~5 part of light stabilizer and auxiliary agent, be placed in high-speed mixer and mixing 2~5 minutes, obtain mixed material;

(2) mixed material is extruded in extruder, in extrusion, 300~600 parts of the continuous fibers that the traction of the thermoplastic melt impregnation of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in;

(3) stack obtains prepreg tape laying, then moulding, in forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics, prepreg tape laying, PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, place again mold, after heat pressing process and cold-press process, carry out the demoulding, the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate of formation is panel;

In described heat pressing process, the hot pressing temperature of employing is 160~350 ℃, and hot pressing pressure is 2~5MPa, and the dwell time is 30~60min;

In described cold-press process, the pressure of colding pressing of employing is 1~3MPa, and the dwell time is 10~30min;

The quantity of the described required prepreg tape of laying is to be determined by the thickness of panel;

Described prepreg tape laying number calculating method: the prepreg tape number of plies=plate thickness/prepreg tape thickness+supplemental layers (being generally 1 layer).

Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages and beneficial effect:

(1) the thermoplastic composite battenboard of the high-strength light that the present invention's making obtains is comprised of upper and lower surfaces plate and the sandwich material bed of material, and the sandwich material bed of material is arranged between the sheet material bed of material of upper and lower surfaces, forms sandwich.Upper and lower surfaces plate is continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate, panel is with polypropylene, polyethylene, nylon 6, the thermoplastic resins such as polystyrene are matrix material, take continuous fiber as reinforcement, through melt impregnation, extrusion molding, hot pressing, the method of colding pressing processes, there is equipment simple, the feature of easy-formation processing, with continuous fiber, do reinforcement, the enhancing thermoplastic composite material board density obtaining is steel 1/5~1/7, quality is lighter, specific strength is high, specific modulus is high, design flexibility is good, can select suitable kinds of fibers, fiber content and fiber are orientated to meet the requirement of concrete purposes, make the battenboard quality made light, intensity is high, there is insulation, fire prevention, moistureproof, the performances such as anticorrosion.(2) the present invention makes the thermoplastic composite battenboard of the high-strength light obtaining, and the sandwich material bed of material consists of orthohexagonal honeycomb aluminum material.By orthohexagonal cellular structural material, strengthened the firmness degree of composite, because honeycomb aluminum plate intermediate layer is air layer, so its damping, sound insulation, heat-proof quality are good.And this honeycomb composite structure material, can arrange different cellular material layer thicknesses according to different use needs, makes the thickness of honeycomb composite structure material also along with change, can adapt to the needs of any environment for use completely.

(3) because the caking property between thermoplastic composite material board and core is bad, the present invention is placed between continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate and sandwich material by thermal plastic high polymer adhesive film, described thermoplasticity glued membrane is that tow sides are respectively with polarity and nonpolar macromolecule felted-membrane, wherein the one side with polarity bonds with sandwich material, with nonpolar one side and thermoplastic composite material board, bond, by hot pressing, by its three layers bonding, firmly become whole with cold-press process, simultaneously simple to operate, adhesion strength and peel strength are all higher, cost is cheaper.

(4) the thermoplastic composite battenboard of the high-strength light that the present invention's making obtains is introduced manufacturing in process of battenboard by thermoplastic resin, not only greatly alleviated the weight of battenboard, and there is higher intensity, thereby expanded the range of application of battenboard, can be used on the one hand insulation and the ornament materials of industrial premises roofing, prefabricated house plate, door, wall, on the other hand can be in traffic and transport field instead of steel structure, for train box car envelope, container floor, highway protective plate; Can also be widely applied to the numerous areas such as automobile, electric, military project, due to its light weight and high specific strength, specific modulus, become and modernly to mould the pioneer of Dai Gang, play the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction, and recoverable, be conducive to environmental protection.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.

In figure, 1 is that panel, 2 is that laminboard layer, 3 is thermoplasticity glued membrane.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.

Embodiment 1

Getting 200 parts of polypropylene granules is thermoplastic matrix material, 600 parts of glass fibres (alkali-free) yarn bundle is reinforcing material, 10 parts of antioxidant 1010s, 20 parts of irgasfos 168s are antioxidant, 10 parts of organosilan A-187 are coupling agent, 1 part of UV-531 is light stabilizer, and 150 parts of deca-BDEs are fire retardant, and 10 parts of calcium stearates are auxiliary agent.

By above-mentioned material except glass fibre, be placed in high-speed mixer and mixing 2~5 minutes, then at 180~200 ℃, by extruder, extrude, in extrusion, 600 parts of the alkali-free glass fibre yarn bundles that the thermoplastic melt impregnation traction of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in.The thickness of prepreg tape is about 0.21mm.

In panel forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, 3 layers of prepreg tape pavings, staggered successively along machine direction and vertical fibers direction, PETG demoulding plastics, put mold well, the good material of lay is sent into hot press and carry out hot pressing, 180~200 ℃ of hot pressing temperatures, hot pressing pressure is 2.5MPa, temperature retention time 50min, after hot pressing, proceeding to cold press colds pressing, the pressure of colding pressing sets gradually as 1.5MPa, dwell time 5min, change pressure is 2.5MPa, dwell time 5min, change pressure is 3MPa, dwell time is 10min, the demoulding just forms continuous glass fiber reinforced polypropylene thermoplastic composite material board, it is panel.

Fig. 1 is the thermoplastic composite battenboard schematic cross-section of high-strength light of the present invention.In battenboard forming process, lay PETG release cloth successively in bed die, panel material, polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane, honeycomb aluminum material, polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane, panel material, PETG release cloth, put mold well, send into and in hot press, carry out preheating 2min, hot pressing temperature is 180 ℃, hot pressing pressure is 2MPa, dwell time is 3min, after hot pressing, proceed in cold press and cold pressing, the pressure of colding pressing is 1MPa, dwell time 10min, the demoulding just forms continuous glass fiber reinforced polypropylene thermoplastic composite battenboard.Panel 1 is the panel preparing in epimere, the thickness of panel is 0.73mm, be that continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate further paints processing, the material of laminboard layer 2 is honeycomb aluminum material, the thickness of laminboard layer 2 is 5mm, prepare thermoplastic composite battenboard, panel 1 is bonding through thermoplasticity glued membrane 3 with laminboard layer 2.The performance test of this Composite Sandwich Plates is in Table 1.

Embodiment 2

Getting 500 parts of polypropylene granules is thermoplastic matrix material, and 480 parts of glass fibres (alkali-free) cloth is reinforcing material, 1 part of antioxidant 1076,1 part of organosilan A-174 is coupling agent, 3 parts of UV-327 are light stabilizer, and 10 parts of chlorinated paraffin waxs 70 are fire retardant, and 5 parts of calcium stearates are auxiliary agent.

By above-mentioned material except glass fibre, be placed in high-speed mixer and mixing 2~3 minutes, then at 180~200 ℃, by extruder, extrude, in extrusion, 480 parts of the alkali-free glass fiber cloths that the thermoplastic melt impregnation traction of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in.The thickness of prepreg tape is about 0.28mm.In panel forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, 7 layers of prepreg tape pavings, staggered successively along machine direction and vertical fibers direction, PETG demoulding plastics, put mold well, the good material of lay is sent into hot press and carry out hot pressing, 180~200 ℃ of hot pressing temperatures, hot pressing pressure is 2.5MPa, temperature retention time 50min, after hot pressing, proceeding to cold press colds pressing, the pressure of colding pressing sets gradually as 1.5MPa, dwell time 5min, change pressure is 2.5MPa, dwell time 5min, change pressure is 3MPa, dwell time is 10min, the demoulding just forms continuous glass fiber reinforced polypropylene thermoplastic composite material board, it is panel.

Honeycomb aluminum material is placed in the middle of two panels, panel is the panel preparing in epimere, the thickness of panel is 1.69mm, panel is continuous glass fiber reinforced polypropylene thermoplastic composite material board, in preparing the forming process of high-strength light thermoplastic composite battenboard, lay PETG release cloth successively in bed die, panel material, vinyl polymer adhesive film, honeycomb aluminum material, vinyl polymer adhesive film, panel material, PETG release cloth, put mold well, send into and in hot press, carry out preheating 3min, hot pressing temperature is 160 ℃, hot pressing pressure is 4MPa, dwell time is 5min, after hot pressing, proceed in cold press and cold pressing, the pressure of colding pressing is 2MPa, dwell time 10min, the demoulding just forms continuous glass fiber reinforced polypropylene thermoplastic composite battenboard.Panel is that continuous glass fiber reinforced polypropylene thermoplastic composite material board further paints processing, and the material of laminboard layer is honeycomb aluminum material, and the thickness of laminboard layer is 20mm, prepares thermoplastic composite battenboard.The performance test of this Composite Sandwich Plates is in Table 1.

Embodiment 3

Get 430 parts of polycarbonate pellets as thermoplastic matrix material, 450 parts of carbon cloths are as reinforcing material, 1 part of antioxidant 1010,5 parts of antioxidant 1076s, 10 parts of irgasfos 168s are antioxidant, getting 20 parts of A-187 is coupling agent, getting 3 parts of UV-9 is light stabilizer, and getting 80 parts of tetrabromobisphenol As is fire retardant.

By above-mentioned material except carbon fiber, be placed in high-speed mixer and mixing 2~3 minutes, then at 250~260 ℃, by extruder, extrude, in extrusion, 450 parts of the carbon cloths that the thermoplastic melt impregnation traction of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in, the thickness of prepreg tape is 0.42mm.In forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, 11 layers of prepreg tape layings, PETG demoulding plastics, put mold well, the good material of lay is sent into hot press and carry out hot pressing, 250~260 ℃ of hot pressing temperatures, hot pressing pressure is 2MPa, temperature retention time 60min, after hot pressing, proceeding to cold press colds pressing, the pressure of colding pressing sets gradually as 1MPa, dwell time 5min, change pressure is 2MPa, dwell time 5min, change pressure is 3MPa, dwell time is 10min, the demoulding just forms continuous carbon fibre polycarbafil thermoplastic composite material board, it is panel.

Honeycomb aluminum material is placed in the middle of two panels, panel is the panel preparing in epimere, the thickness of panel is 3.98mm, panel is continuous carbon fibre polycarbafil thermoplastic composite material board, in preparing the forming process of high-strength light thermoplastic composite battenboard, lay PETG release cloth successively in bed die, panel material, polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane, honeycomb aluminum material, polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane, panel material, PETG release cloth, put mold well, send into and in hot press, carry out preheating 4min, hot pressing temperature is 185 ℃, hot pressing pressure is 4MPa, dwell time is 8min, after hot pressing, proceed in cold press and cold pressing, the pressure of colding pressing is 2MPa, dwell time 20min, the demoulding just forms continuous carbon fibre polycarbafil thermoplastic composite battenboard.Panel is that continuous carbon fibre polycarbafil thermoplastic composite material board further paints processing, and the material of laminboard layer is honeycomb aluminum material, and the thickness of laminboard layer is 30mm, prepares thermoplastic composite battenboard.The performance test of this Composite Sandwich Plates is in Table 1.

Embodiment 4

Get 500 parts of nylon 6 pellets as being thermoplastic matrix material, get 300 parts of aramid fiber felts as reinforcing material, getting 1 part of antioxidant 1010 part, 2 parts of antioxidant 1076s and 20 parts of antioxidant DLTDP is antioxidant, get 1 part of organosilan A-1110 and 5 parts of A-151 are coupling agent, get 10 parts of triphenyl and 135 parts of HBCDs are fire retardant, get 2 parts of UV-531 and 3 parts of UV-P are light stabilizer, 20 parts of toners are auxiliary agent.

By above-mentioned material except aramid fiber, be placed in high-speed mixer and mixing 3~4min, then at 220~230 ℃, by extruder, extrude, in extrusion, 300 parts, the aramid fiber felt that the thermoplastic melt impregnation traction of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in, the thickness of prepreg tape is 0.53mm.In panel forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, 10 layers of prepreg tape pavings, PETG demoulding plastics, put mold well, the good material of lay is sent into hot press and carry out hot pressing, 220~230 ℃ of hot pressing temperatures, hot pressing pressure is 5MPa, temperature retention time 30min, after hot pressing, proceeding to cold press colds pressing, the pressure of colding pressing sets gradually as 2MPa, dwell time 5min, change pressure is 2.5MPa, dwell time 5min, change pressure is 3MPa, dwell time is 10min, the demoulding just forms continuous aramid fiber reinforced nylon 6 thermoplastic composite material board, it is panel.

Honeycomb aluminum material is placed in the middle of two panels, panel is the panel preparing in epimere, the thickness of panel is 4.98mm, panel is continuous aramid fiber reinforced nylon 6 thermoplastic composite material board, in preparing the forming process of high-strength light thermoplastic composite battenboard, lay PETG release cloth successively in bed die, panel material, polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane, honeycomb aluminum material, polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane, panel material, PETG release cloth, put mold well, send into and in hot press, carry out preheating 5min, hot pressing temperature is 190 ℃, hot pressing pressure is 5MPa, dwell time is 10min, after hot pressing, proceed in cold press and cold pressing, the pressure of colding pressing is 3MPa, dwell time 30min, the demoulding just forms continuous aramid fiber reinforced nylon 6 thermoplastic composite battenboard.Panel is that continuous aramid fiber reinforced nylon 6 thermoplastic composite material board further paints processing, and the material of laminboard layer is honeycomb aluminum material, and the thickness of laminboard layer is 40mm, prepares thermoplastic composite battenboard.The performance test of this Composite Sandwich Plates is in Table 1.

Embodiment 5

A kind of thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light, this thermoplastic composite battenboard comprises two panels and a laminboard layer, laminboard layer is fixedly bonded between two panels through thermoplasticity glued membrane, wherein, panel is the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate of thickness 0.5mm, the thickness of laminboard layer is 5mm, and its material is honeycomb aluminum.

The preparation method of the thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light comprises the following steps: laminboard layer is placed in the middle of two panels, two panels pass through respectively by thermoplasticity glued membrane the tow sides that heat pressing process and cold-press process are bonded in laminboard layer, make and obtain thermoplastic composite battenboard.The hot pressing temperature that wherein heat pressing process adopts is 160 ℃, and without pressure preheating 5min, hot pressing pressure is 5MPa, and temperature retention time is 10min; The pressure of colding pressing adopting in cold-press process is 1MPa, and the dwell time is 30min.In addition, panel is continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate, and the outer surface of panel paints processing; Thermoplasticity glued membrane is vinyl polymer adhesive film.

The making raw material of panel comprises following component and content: 600 parts of continuous fibers, 400 parts of thermoplastics, 1 part of coupling agent, 1 part, antioxidant, 1 part of light stabilizer, 10 parts of fire retardants, wherein, the continuous fiber using is Kafra fiber bundle, thermoplastic is selected vinyon, coupling agent adopts vinyl three (beta-methoxy-ethyoxyl) silane, antioxidant is selected four [β-(3, 5-di-tert-butyl-hydroxy phenyl) propionic ester] pentaerythritol ester, light stabilizer is 2-(3 '-tert-butyl group-2 '-5 '-aminomethyl phenyl)-5-chlorinated benzotriazole, fire retardant is selected chlorinated paraffin wax 40 and perchloro-penta cyclodecane.Panel adopts following steps to make and obtains:

(1) thermoplastic, coupling agent, antioxidant, fire retardant, light stabilizer are placed in to high-speed mixer and mixing 2 minutes by formula, obtain mixed material;

(2) mixed material is extruded in extruder, in extrusion, continuous fiber part that the traction of the thermoplastic melt impregnation of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in;

(3) stack obtains prepreg tape laying, then moulding, in forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, prepreg tape laying, PETG demoulding plastics, place again mold, after carrying out heat pressing process and cold-press process, carry out the demoulding, the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate forming is panel, wherein, in heat pressing process, the hot pressing temperature adopting is 160~170 ℃, hot pressing pressure is 5MPa, dwell time is 60min, in cold-press process, the pressure of colding pressing adopting is 1MPa, dwell time is 30min.

The performance test of this Composite Sandwich Plates is in Table 1.

Embodiment 6

A kind of thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light, this thermoplastic composite battenboard comprises two panels and a laminboard layer, laminboard layer is fixedly bonded between two panels through thermoplasticity glued membrane, wherein, panel is the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate of thickness 2mm, the thickness of laminboard layer is 10mm, and its material is honeycomb aluminum.

The preparation method of the thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light comprises the following steps: laminboard layer is placed in the middle of two panels, two panels pass through respectively by thermoplasticity glued membrane the tow sides that heat pressing process and cold-press process are bonded in laminboard layer, make and obtain thermoplastic composite battenboard.The hot pressing temperature that wherein heat pressing process adopts is 180 ℃, and without pressure preheating 3min, hot pressing pressure is 3MPa, and temperature retention time is 5min; The pressure of colding pressing adopting in cold-press process is 2MPa, and the dwell time is 20min.In addition, panel is continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate, and the outer surface of panel paints processing; Thermoplasticity glued membrane is polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane.

The making raw material of panel comprises following component and weight portion: 420 parts of continuous fibers, 500 parts of thermoplastics, 5 parts of coupling agents, 10 parts, antioxidant, 3 parts of light stabilizers, 50 parts of fire retardants, 10 parts of auxiliary agents, continuous fiber adopts glass fiber bundle, thermoplastic is polyphenylene sulfide plastic, coupling agent is γ-sulfydryl propyl-triethoxysilicane, antioxidant is three [2, 4-di-tert-butyl-phenyl] phosphite ester, light stabilizer is ESCALOL 567, the mixture of 2-hydroxyl-4-octyloxy benzophenone, fire retardant is trimethylphenyl phosphate, auxiliary agent adopts calcium carbonate.

Panel adopts following steps to make and obtains:

(1) thermoplastic, coupling agent, antioxidant, fire retardant, light stabilizer and auxiliary agent are placed in to high-speed mixer and mixing 3 minutes by formula, obtain mixed material;

(2) mixed material is extruded in extruder, in extrusion, the continuous fiber that the traction of the thermoplastic melt impregnation of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in;

(3) stack obtains prepreg tape laying, then moulding, in forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, prepreg tape laying, PETG demoulding plastics, place again mold, after carrying out heat pressing process and cold-press process, carry out the demoulding, the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate forming is panel, wherein, in heat pressing process, the hot pressing temperature adopting is 350 ℃, hot pressing pressure is 3MPa, dwell time is 40min, in cold-press process, the pressure of colding pressing adopting is 2MPa, dwell time is 20min.

The performance test of this Composite Sandwich Plates is in Table 1.

Embodiment 7

A kind of thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light, this thermoplastic composite battenboard comprises two panels and a laminboard layer, laminboard layer is fixedly bonded between two panels through thermoplasticity glued membrane, wherein, panel is the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate of thickness 5mm, the thickness of laminboard layer is 40mm, and its material is honeycomb aluminum.

The preparation method of the thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light comprises the following steps: laminboard layer is placed in the middle of two panels, two panels pass through respectively by thermoplasticity glued membrane the tow sides that heat pressing process and cold-press process are bonded in laminboard layer, make and obtain thermoplastic composite battenboard.The hot pressing temperature that wherein heat pressing process adopts is 190 ℃, and without pressure preheating 2min, hot pressing pressure is 2MPa, and temperature retention time is 3min; The pressure of colding pressing adopting in cold-press process is 3MPa, and the dwell time is 10min.In addition, panel is continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate, and the outer surface of panel paints processing; Thermoplasticity glued membrane is polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane.

The making raw material of panel comprises following component and weight portion: 300 parts of continuous fibers, 500 parts of thermoplastics, 20 parts of coupling agents, 30 parts, antioxidant, 5 parts of light stabilizers, 150 parts of fire retardants, 20 parts of auxiliary agents, wherein, continuous fiber is carbon fiber felt, thermoplastic is polypropylene, coupling agent is gamma-aminopropyl-triethoxy-silane, VTES, the mixture of vinyl three (beta-methoxy-ethyoxyl) silane, antioxidant elects three [2 as, 4-di-tert-butyl-phenyl] phosphite ester, β-(3, 5-di-tert-butyl-hydroxy phenyl) the positive octadecanol ester of propionic acid, light stabilizer is ESCALOL 567, 2-hydroxyl-4-octyloxy benzophenone, fire retardant is tetrabromobisphenol A (dibromopropyl) ether, three (2, bromo-1 propyl group of 3-bis-) mixture of cyanate and pentabromotoluene, auxiliary agent adopts calcium stearate.Panel adopts following steps to make and obtains:

(1) thermoplastic, coupling agent, antioxidant, fire retardant, light stabilizer and auxiliary agent are pressed to formula, be placed in high-speed mixer and mixing 5 minutes, obtain mixed material;

(2) mixed material is extruded in extruder, in extrusion, the continuous fiber that the traction of the thermoplastic melt impregnation of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in;

(3) stack obtains prepreg tape laying, then moulding, in forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, prepreg tape laying, PETG demoulding plastics, place again mold, after carrying out heat pressing process and cold-press process, carry out the demoulding, the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate forming is panel, wherein, in heat pressing process, the hot pressing temperature adopting is 180~190 ℃, hot pressing pressure is 2MPa, dwell time is 30min, in cold-press process, the pressure of colding pressing adopting is 3MPa, dwell time is 10min.

The performance test of this Composite Sandwich Plates is in Table 1.

Table 1

In upper table, fire-protection rating is according to GB8624-2006 standard testing, and bending rigidity is according to ASTMC393 standard testing, and thermal conductivity factor is according to GB/T23932-2009 standard testing.

The above-mentioned description to embodiment is can understand and apply the invention for ease of those skilled in the art.Person skilled in the art obviously can easily make various modifications to these embodiment, and General Principle described herein is applied in other embodiment and needn't passes through performing creative labour.Therefore, the invention is not restricted to the embodiment here, those skilled in the art are according to announcement of the present invention, and not departing from the improvement that category of the present invention makes and revise all should be within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a thermoplastic composite battenboard for high-strength light, is characterized in that, this thermoplastic composite battenboard comprises two panels and a laminboard layer;
Described laminboard layer is fixedly bonded between two panels through thermoplasticity glued membrane;
Described panel is made by the component that comprises following parts by weight: 300~600 parts of continuous fibers, 200~500 parts of thermoplastics, 1~20 part of coupling agent, 1~30 part, antioxidant, 1~5 part of light stabilizer, 10~150 parts of fire retardants, 0~20 part of auxiliary agent.
2. the thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described panel is the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate of thickness 0.5mm~5mm; The thickness of described laminboard layer is 5mm~40mm, and the material of laminboard layer is selected from honeycomb aluminum material.
3. the thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described panel is continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate, and the outer surface of panel paints processing; Described thermoplasticity glued membrane is selected from polypropylene macromolecule felted-membrane or vinyl polymer adhesive film.
4. according to the thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterized in that, described thermoplasticity glued membrane is that tow sides are respectively with polarity and nonpolar macromolecule felted-membrane, wherein the one side with polarity bonds with sandwich material, with nonpolar one side and thermoplastic composite material board, bonds.
5. the thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described continuous fiber is selected from glass fibre, carbon fiber, aramid fiber or Kafra fiber; Wherein: fiber adopts silvalin bundle, fiber cloth or fibrofelt form;
Described thermoplastic is selected from polypropylene, polyethylene, Merlon, nylon 6 or polyphenylene sulfide;
Described coupling agent is silane coupler, comprises one or more in gamma-aminopropyl-triethoxy-silane, VTES, vinyl three (beta-methoxy-ethyoxyl) silane, γ-propyl methacrylate base trimethoxy silane, (γ-glycidoxy) propyl trimethoxy silicane or γ-sulfydryl propyl-triethoxysilicane;
Described antioxidant is selected from four [β-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-hydroxy phenyl) propionic ester] pentaerythritol ester, three [2,4-di-tert-butyl-phenyl] one or more material in phosphite ester, β-positive octadecanol ester of (3,5-di-tert-butyl-hydroxy phenyl) propionic acid or dilauryl thiodipropionate;
Described light stabilizer is selected from one or more the material in ESCALOL 567,2-hydroxyl-4-octyloxy benzophenone, 2-(3 '-tert-butyl group-2 '-5 '-aminomethyl phenyl)-5-chlorinated benzotriazole, 2-(3 ', 5 '-di-t-butyl-2 '-hydroxy phenyl)-5-chlorinated benzotriazole or 2-(2 '-hydroxyl-5 '-aminomethyl phenyl) BTA;
Described fire retardant is selected from one or more the material in chlorinated paraffin wax 70, chlorinated paraffin wax 40, perchloro-penta cyclodecane, triphenyl, trimethylphenyl phosphate, tetrabromobisphenol A, deca-BDE, tetrabromobisphenol A (dibromopropyl) ether, three (bromo-1 propyl group of 2,3-bis-) cyanate, HBCD or pentabromotoluene;
Described auxiliary agent is selected from calcium stearate, calcium carbonate or toner.
6. a method of making the thermoplastic composite battenboard of high-strength light claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the method comprises the following steps: laminboard layer is placed in the middle of two panels, two panels pass through respectively by thermoplasticity glued membrane the tow sides that heat pressing process and cold-press process are bonded in laminboard layer, make and obtain thermoplastic composite battenboard.
7. the preparation method of the thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light according to claim 6, is characterized in that, in described heat pressing process, the hot pressing temperature adopting is 160~190 ℃, without pressure preheating 2~5min, hot pressing pressure is 2~5MPa, and temperature retention time is 3~10min; In described cold-press process, the pressure of colding pressing of employing is 1~3MPa, and the dwell time is 10~30min.
8. the preparation method of the thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described panel adopts following steps to make and obtains:
(1) by 0~20 part of 200~500 parts of thermoplastics, 1~20 part of coupling agent, 1~30 part, antioxidant, 10~150 parts of fire retardants, 1~5 part of light stabilizer and auxiliary agent, be placed in high-speed mixer and mixing 2~5 minutes, obtain mixed material;
(2) mixed material is extruded in extruder, in extrusion, 300~600 parts of the continuous fibers that the traction of the thermoplastic melt impregnation of melting stretches, through the cooling formation prepreg tape of roll-in;
(3) stack obtains prepreg tape laying, then moulding, in forming process, lay PETG demoulding plastics, prepreg tape laying, PETG demoulding plastics successively in bed die, place again mold, after heat pressing process and cold-press process, carry out the demoulding, the continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material plate of formation is panel.
9. the preparation method of the thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, in described heat pressing process, the hot pressing temperature of employing is 160~350 ℃, hot pressing pressure is 2~5MPa, and the dwell time is 30~60min.
10. the preparation method of the thermoplastic composite battenboard of a kind of high-strength light according to claim 8, is characterized in that, in described cold-press process, the pressure of colding pressing of employing is 1~3MPa, and the dwell time is 10~30min.
CN201210273724.4A 2012-08-02 2012-08-02 Light-weight and high-strength thermoplastic composite material sandwich board and production method thereof CN103568396A (en)

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CN104403196A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 太仓顺如成建筑材料有限公司 Corrosion-resistant plastic floor
CN104441693A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-03-25 苗宏伟 Molding process method for novel composite material adhesive film of wind power generation blades
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CN106915007A (en) * 2015-12-25 2017-07-04 上海杰事杰新材料(集团)股份有限公司 The recovery method of continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material waste material and its application
CN107336502A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-10 青岛长木科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of winged flying vehicle compartment board
CN107399110A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-28 青岛长木科技有限公司 A kind of winged flying vehicle compartment board
CN108164966A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-15 苏州研姿材料科技有限公司 A kind of environmental protection and energy-saving building Side fascia and preparation method thereof
CN108332599A (en) * 2017-01-19 2018-07-27 张跃 A kind of Efficient high-temperature ventilation heat exchange device
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CN109383547A (en) * 2017-08-02 2019-02-26 天源华威集团有限公司 A kind of fireproof heated board for train door-plate
CN110239192A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-09-17 东莞市穗丰装饰材料有限公司 A kind of composite board processing method

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CN104354406A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-02-18 安徽梦谷纤维材料科技有限公司 Charging pile board and preparation method thereof
CN104403196A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 太仓顺如成建筑材料有限公司 Corrosion-resistant plastic floor
CN104441693A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-03-25 苗宏伟 Molding process method for novel composite material adhesive film of wind power generation blades
CN106915007A (en) * 2015-12-25 2017-07-04 上海杰事杰新材料(集团)股份有限公司 The recovery method of continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite material waste material and its application
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CN107399110A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-28 青岛长木科技有限公司 A kind of winged flying vehicle compartment board
CN107336502A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-10 青岛长木科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of winged flying vehicle compartment board
CN109383547A (en) * 2017-08-02 2019-02-26 天源华威集团有限公司 A kind of fireproof heated board for train door-plate
CN108164966A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-15 苏州研姿材料科技有限公司 A kind of environmental protection and energy-saving building Side fascia and preparation method thereof
CN110239192A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-09-17 东莞市穗丰装饰材料有限公司 A kind of composite board processing method

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