CN103568113B - Device system and using method for manufacturing high-fidelity multi-color-zone variation blank pattern plate - Google Patents

Device system and using method for manufacturing high-fidelity multi-color-zone variation blank pattern plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103568113B
CN103568113B CN201210255524.6A CN201210255524A CN103568113B CN 103568113 B CN103568113 B CN 103568113B CN 201210255524 A CN201210255524 A CN 201210255524A CN 103568113 B CN103568113 B CN 103568113B
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pattern
pit
raw
zone
cloth
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CN103568113A (en
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陈章武
陈晓斌
李支中
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陈章武
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/02Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03BMANUFACTURE, SHAPING, OR SUPPLEMENTARY PROCESSES
    • C03B19/00Other methods of shaping glass
    • C03B19/06Other methods of shaping glass by sintering, e.g. by cold isostatic pressing of powders and subsequent sintering, by hot pressing of powders, by sintering slurries or dispersions not undergoing a liquid phase reaction
    • C03B19/063Other methods of shaping glass by sintering, e.g. by cold isostatic pressing of powders and subsequent sintering, by hot pressing of powders, by sintering slurries or dispersions not undergoing a liquid phase reaction by hot-pressing powders

Abstract

A device system for manufacturing a high-fidelity multi-color-zone variation blank pattern plate is characterized in that first, the system comprises 2-20 color zone pattern material distributing stations; second, a pattern raw material pre-fabricating system or a hopper, a vessel or a middle carrier for loading pattern raw materials to meet requirements of material distribution of each color zone is arranged in a material distributing station area; third, at least in one station, material distribution is conducted through connection of one roller with the surface with preset depth and a pit in a preset shape or 2-1000 spindles (or rollers) with a running belt with the surface with the preset depth and a pit in a preset shape. A device is arranged at the discharging end of a roller with a pit or a belt with a pit for distributing materials, a preset indent arc face of the device is identical with a preset area outer arc face during discharging by using the roller with the pit or a preset area outer arc face of the belt with the pit when the belt rotates at the spindle of the end and is fixed, or the indent arc face of the device can rotate along with the roller with the pit or the belt with the pit in a synchronous mode; fourth, a feeding carrier for receiving product pattern raw materials is arranged below a material distributing station of color zone pattern raw materials.

Description

A kind of high-fidelity makes the apparatus system of many zone change blank pattern sheet materials and use Method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of high-fidelity makes the apparatus system of many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates and makes With method, it is related to a kind of new make base substrate color ceramics three-dimensional color pattern technique, glass and devitrified glass three-dimensional color pattern work Skill, top layer powder body glaze pattern process, resiniferous artificial stone three-dimensional color pattern technique and resinous floor file ornament materials are three-dimensional Pattern process can accurately, can design subtly and according to demand the one of pattern layout and the continuous circulation change of pattern form Plant device and process, more particularly to a kind of 3-D coloured blank suitable for permanent ground, metope and furniture panel The apparatus system and its device of the brand-new manufacture method of the pattern decorative sheet material of pattern and simulative stone material natural colour pattern Using method.
Background technology
In construction and decoration history, lithotome is ranked in dress with its natural and abundant blank pattern effect and texture The top position in decoratice board market, with the development and the improvement of people's living standards of science and technology, as the ornament materials on wall ground, People are intended to the abundant pattern effect of many zone of natural trend of its three-dimensional entire body texture in surface and inherence with lithotome Really.With attention of the people to resource, the attention to environmental protection, in construction and decoration, modern people are intended to from environmental protection It is "dead" and meet modern society's low-carbon green economic development trend but can clone in construction and decoration using it is most as The superior durability ornament materials of the physicochemical property of lithotome pattern texture, or from predetermined design with personalization Pattern decorative sheet material.For this purpose, in silicate plate field, such as Ceramic Tiles technology, artificial Stone technique, stone in prior art Diamond stone technology, glass and devitrified glass technology etc., are all doing effort for this.
Therefore, the industry pattern effect that just constantly the making such as surface of lithotome and three-dimensional entire body are pursued in research and development is target Dalle product structure and the innovation of process.The present inventor is that ceramics, artificial quartz in lump, glass are managed in long-term participation The Application No. 2011101513487 that the developer of glass technical products and Producer, such as on June 3rd, 2011 are proposed it is " a kind of pre- Determine the quartz and preparation method of three-dimensional color pattern and linear pattern " technical scheme, its can ceramics and artificial stone give birth to Apply in product.But this kind of technical scheme is only to produce every piece of product to be all predetermined single pattern and make a reservation for single strain line, all not Propose the technical scheme of many zone that the pattern for producing polylith product can be varied from.And the present inventor was carried on July 8th, 2011 A kind of " apparatus system for making change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate and the use of the Application No. 201110193251.2 for going out The technical scheme of method ", its be also make change pattern effect, but its do not propose the present invention in cloth pit roller Or the inner concave arc surface device that the discharging end of pit belt is arranged is protecting the raw material in pit shape can will not be scattered ground as expected Fall to piling up to ensure the predetermined fine effect of pattern, and increase station and using in addition the invention allows for continuing behind Pit roller or predetermined emptying aperture template form the high-fidelity of multiple zone and make the imitative slabstone of many zone change 3-D billet patterns The technical scheme of material product, so such scheme has necessity to be hoisted.
And existing Ceramic Tiles technology, be all mainly based on picture on surface technology such as ooze colored technology, surface roller printing, Ink-jet printed glaze technology, quickly, level is also higher for development speed, but which is made according to version, such as so-called photograph skill Art because be all by pattern plate come print or spray printing and formed, its produce be top layer pattern technology, the base with true stone material Body pattern effect is distinct, and picture on surface effect is easy to grind liquid distilled from honeysuckle flowers or lotus leaves bottom, and its lower floor is common patternless biscuit Body.In addition, because printing technology is formed by color separation principle, it requires to have deviation in chromatography para-position, no The dim pattern phenomenon such as ghost image will then be produced, and when requiring to do the pattern for changing, then also can the multiple color separations of corresponding requirements it is same When make to change and also require respectively that para-position is accurate, so manufacture it is very high with the requirement of a batch of change pattern product, Technology difficulty is very big, and for the overstriking of the roller in using roller printing technology can bring equipment system come area increased Work, the restriction of many difficult problems of installing space.So present Ceramic Tiles are pursued, pattern followed rock is natural and and the effect that changes On fruit and imitative stone texture, there is many defects in the top layer pattern of above-mentioned print solution, and not real as stone material is from table The blank pattern that can have pattern effect of the face to back end.So, the texture effect of patterning technique is showed by blank raw material It is only real feasible and is still have one of technology of development space, so the present inventor proposes the present invention's based on this Innovative design.
The oarse-grained Ceramic Tiles technology of prior art entire body, without predetermined pattern effect, does not have bright with lithotome Displaying figure pattern effect.
The multitube random feeding Ceramic Tiles technology of prior art, compares from article topsheet to internal three dimensions pattern It is random, it is impossible to which that stability contorting simultaneously forms predetermined pattern effect, and the raw material in the pipe of formation zone pattern is mix homogeneously, is not had There is the effect of pattern in zone.
The employing roller of prior art or belt blanking form the micro-powder brick ceramic technology of pattern, typically all using hopper Under expect the pit carved on metal or resin rubber rollers in or the region of belt in fallen down on feeding carrier again, its The raw material in pit is not protected when roller is rotated and makes raw material fall, but directly as flat mouth container is under horizontal plane Overturning water is the same, and raw material when deviateing plane in pit will be inclined, and reach certain critical point and at least turning to 90 degree Before will start to fall with gravity, then will fall when half-turn is turned to, it is such fall the heap that is necessarily scattered Product, rather than by the raw material accepted in pit former state monoblock type fall, so obtained by product pattern effect be it is loose, It is not fine enough, can not control to reach the expected requirement of pattern form, it is impossible to produce such as fine obvious little lumps Brill class stone material pattern.Although the size and height of roller can be controlled falling the accumulation shape on feeding carrier controlling raw material Shape effect, but this control is limited, and the cylinder sizes of roller are bigger, then the height that raw material falls is higher, and the post of roller Body size is little and the different shape pit quantity that can make to carve thereon is reduced so that the pattern for piling up raw material of reservation shape Seldom, the pattern form change of so obtained product is also little, just has obvious artificial trace for shape, also not enough imitates stone Natural texture.
The technology of existing employing grid Mold Making blank pattern board product, typically all by a default pattern by It is exactly that die orifice make after raw material what is formed to fill that one die orifice correspondence of mould produces formation, i.e. pattern, even make becoming Change pattern product, be also all using the template of polylith different designs come limited variation pattern corresponding with die orifice respectively and It is to install to take up an area the also inconvenient mode in space to make.Also it is to adopt circulation emptying aperture template way to make the pattern of change Effect.But it is easy to block die orifice and produce the infull phenomenon of pattern leakage flower when raw material is fine powder, and the method The cloth time is long so that production efficiency is not high.
In view of the defect and deficiency of above-mentioned prior art, the present inventor is ground based on being engaged in glass, quartz, ceramic product Send out, design and manufacture pragmatic experience for many years and Professional knowledge, actively in addition research and innovation, to prior art can be overcome Not enough and defect, after the production technology for solving the problems, such as complexity, now innovatively design finally with practical value one Plant the present invention that high-fidelity makes the apparatus system and using method of many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates.
The content of the invention
For lacking for predetermined pattern ceramic board, artificial stone, glass and crystallizing glass sheet material is made in above-mentioned prior art Fall into, especially make the defect of predetermined pattern effect, the present invention proposes that a kind of high-fidelity makes many zone and changes 3-D billet figure The apparatus system and using method of case immitation stone plate, solve that prior art do not solve make billet color raw material by default shape Shape and thickness are with high fidelity formed in product, and can produce the imitative stone in the different many zone of the distribution of the pattern between polylith product Pattern article.More truly copy lithotome pattern so as to reach, so as to also solve no radioelement, high rigidity, It is better than the technical barrier of the product of lithotome on high breaking strength, high abrasion degree, high antifouling physicochemical property, also further can be big Reduce greatly the resource exploitation to lithotome.
The purpose of the present invention and to solve its technical problem underlying be realizing using following technical scheme.
The first embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of high-fidelity and makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates Apparatus system, which includes:First, which has the station of 2-20 zone pattern cloth;Second, its cloth station region is provided with figure The prefabricated of case raw material prepares system or loads pattern raw material to meet the hopper needed for each zone cloth;Third, its at least 1 It is have the roller of desired depth and reservation shape pit or the surface of 2-1000 roots rotating shaft connection operating to have by 1 root surface that station is The belt of desired depth and reservation shape pit is used as the cloth of one of zone pattern raw material;Cloth pit roller The discharging end of cylinder or pit belt, it is consistent with predetermined area extrados during pit roller blanking to be provided with predetermined inner concave arc surface Or the consistent fixed or inner concave arc surface of predetermined area extrados during pit belt here end axis of rotation can be with With pit roller or the device of pit belt synchronous axial system;Fourth, under the cloth station of its zone pattern raw material, being provided with undertaking system The feeding carrier of product pattern raw material.
A kind of high-fidelity according to a first embodiment of the present invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates Apparatus system, wherein, the area size of the cloth pit belt is arranged according to actual place space requirement, and which is thick Degree is on 1-200mm, its surface or it is to be close to engrave the pit of 0.5-199mm depth or surface by predetermined zone pattern form It is the panel that other regions of emptying aperture are closed to be provided with by predetermined zone pattern form and depth hollow out, and the panel is can be tight The material that can be rotated with belt and not rupture when being attached to belt surface, the emptying aperture shape and emptying aperture layout of its panel are according to pre- The requirement of fixation area pattern form and layout and make, the panel of the different pit pattern shapes can be replacing.
A kind of high-fidelity according to a first embodiment of the present invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates Apparatus system, wherein, except the cloth cloth station of other the predetermined zone in addition to pit roller or pit belt, it is provided with predetermined Region is have reservation shape and size hollow hole and is removable or rotatably making emptying aperture produce the panel of displacement;Or It is provided with the roller that its surface is the pit for having reservation shape and depth.
A kind of high-fidelity according to a first embodiment of the present invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates Apparatus system, wherein, the feeding carrier or belt of the undertaking pattern raw material under the cloth station of its zone pattern raw material, or Belt-type charge car, or crawler type plane belting, or grid, or have a frame can support carrier.
A kind of high-fidelity according to a first embodiment of the present invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates Apparatus system, wherein, its described cloth pit roller or pit belt discharging end inner concave arc surface device be with pit roller Predetermined area extrados of the extrados or pit belt in material direction in discharging end axis of rotation is close to but is not connected, Its lower end edge is in above same plane or plane with the feeding carrier for accepting pattern raw material.
A kind of high-fidelity according to a first embodiment of the present invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates Apparatus system, wherein, the prefabricated of the pattern raw material that its cloth station region is provided with prepares system or loads pattern raw material to meet Hopper needed for each zone cloth, or roller, or also screen cloth, or also rolling device or surge suppressor or extruding Extrusion device.
Second embodiment of the invention provides a kind of high-fidelity and makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The method of apparatus system, wherein, 1), the colored raw material that is ready to needed for 2-20 zone, and by the original needed for each pattern zone Material is placed in the intermediate carrier of corresponding hopper-type, while being ready to accept the feeding carrier of pattern raw material and being fed to into The charge car of type position and liftable grid thereon, and cloth pit roller or the imploded arcs of pit belt and discharging end Face device is simultaneously arranged in cloth system, and makes the lower end edge i.e. horizontal section of lower end and undertaking figure of inner concave arc surface device The feeding carrier of case raw material is in same plane, and installs predetermined hollow out panel or the table that the raw material of 2-19 zone passes through There is a roller of predetermined pit in face, and last zone pattern raw material directly can fall the hopper or rotatable material blanking roller of filling Cylinder;2), start production line, in intermediate carrier feed opening with relative motion of the cloth with pit roller or pit belt surface, The pattern raw material cloth of corresponding intermediate carrier is fallen in the pit of the cloth pit roller or pit belt, it is predetermined with having The cloth of pit pit roller or the cycle rotation of pit belt, its corresponding zone pattern raw material is in cloth with pit belt Material end turn drop down onto accept product pattern raw material to shaped device direction feeding carrier surface when, the extrados of steering is close to Set inner concave arc surface device, and keep with the feeding carrier under which to shaped device direction move it is synchronous, make the figure in pit Case raw material is close to the inner concave arc surface of inner concave arc surface device and steadily falls down with high fidelity from lower end and formed on feeding carrier the first color The raw material of area's pattern form layout is heaped, and this process is the shuttling movement from control feeding carrier to shaped device direction and recessed The cycle rotation of hole roller or pit belt and can be carried out continuously;3), continuously it is loaded with the pattern of the first zone pattern layout Raw material, with feeding carrier by way of next cloth discharge position when, the container or hopper-type intermediate carrier of another charging are former by corresponding pattern Material has the roller of predetermined pit by predetermined hollow out panel or surface, falls in the predetermined of existing first zone pattern Into Raw Material Stockpiling White space while is superimposed on some positions for the first zone pattern raw material for having fallen, the follow-up zone pattern of formation is former The Into Raw Material Stockpiling that material is collectively constituted with front operation zone pattern raw material;4), continuously it is loaded with the pattern of front operation zone pattern layout Raw material, with feeding carrier by way of last cloth discharge position when, by the blanking of the container or hopper-type intermediate carrier for accordingly feeding Mouthful on-off control or the control of blanking roller, directly by corresponding last zone pattern raw material whereabouts feeding carrier white space simultaneously The pattern zone raw material of operation before being superimposed simultaneously or covering, or Jing limits thickness strikes off again, is collectively forming from going to the bottom and has seen complete The product pattern raw material of product pattern zone layout;5), then sent in the case where precalculated position frames which by liftable predetermined grid The product pattern raw material of the complete pattern zone layout on material carrier, or dose one layer of common porcelain raw material again thereon, then give Enter to product molding position, it is immediately using rolling calendering technology or the concora crush technique using ceramic press, compressing, and it is same When the fallen grid of raw material rise to predetermined altitude and return to its start bit with charge car, and the feeding carrier under which The pattern feedstock circulation of continuous contained complete layout is run to into relevant position and treats that grill frame send shaping position molding, formed Continuous to produce, the base substrate of molding delivers into follow-up drying process or entering back into as needed for corresponding property of raw material burns till work Sequence makes semi-finished product, and or be re-fed into polishing process polishing, make the high-fidelity under the effect of inner concave arc surface device of the present invention Make the product that many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate;6), with cloth with pit roller or pit belt and Feeding carrier and the framed cycle operation for sending pattern raw material to the truck of shaped device molding of installation, constantly by product pattern raw material It is sent to shaping position making and is shaped to base substrate, then send constantly into follow-up corresponding operation, you can is formed and continuously produced greatly.
Described method according to a second embodiment of the present invention, wherein, the raw material that adopted or containing emery dust material or Pellet or powder material or furnace transmutation glaze or be different color or different thicknesses mesh number by layered laminate mode at The raw material of reason it is any or any several.
Described method according to a second embodiment of the present invention, wherein, the product to being made also applies to adopt or oozes flower Color technology or roller printing technology or ink-jet printed technology are aiding in the pattern effect of the more horn of plenty for showing product surface Really.
The brief description of accompanying drawing
Fig. 1 is apparatus system and the side that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The prefabricated ring-band shape pit belt of the employing of method embodiment, there are panel and cloth bucket of predetermined layout emptying aperture etc. by pre-color Many zone porcelain raw material cloth are re-fed into the side profile status of press-molding device molding and illustrate after falling on the endless belt of feeding Figure.
Fig. 2 is that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes the apparatus system of many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates and makes With the predetermined pattern that the pattern plane size effectively used after prefabricated a kind of expansion of embodiment of the method is 680mm × 10000mm The partial schematic plan view of the ring-band shape pit belt of the pit of layout and pattern form.
Fig. 3 is that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes the apparatus system of many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates and makes With the prefabricated ring-band shape pit belt of embodiment of the method the rotating shaft end of blanking and have cambered surface fidelity device and its lower accept The schematic diagram that the side section of the feeding belt of pattern raw material amplifies.
Fig. 4 is that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes the apparatus system of many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates and makes With the partial schematic plan view of the plane panel for being prefabricated with predetermined layout emptying aperture of embodiment of the method.
Fig. 5 is apparatus system and the side that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The preliminary dimension removed behind the reserved sides of each about 10mm in both sides obtained by method embodiment is for including the present invention of 600mm × 600mm The floor map of the 3-D billet pattern followed rock ceramic sheet product of three zone of high-fidelity under the effect of cancave cambered surface device.
Fig. 6 is that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes the apparatus system of many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates and makes With the present invention that the preliminary dimension removed behind the reserved sides of each about 10mm in both sides obtained by embodiment of the method is 600mm × 600mm Inner concave arc surface device effect under three zone of high-fidelity 3-D billet pattern followed rock ceramic sheet product generalized section.
Fig. 7 is that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes the apparatus system of many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates and makes Make the three-dimensional of three pieces of three zone of the present invention that obtained size is 600mm × 600mm with the continuous system of embodiment of the method The comparison diagram of the floor map of base substrate pattern followed rock porcelain product.
The explanation of each labelling in accompanying drawing:
1:Represent prefabricated ring-band shape pit belt;
2:Represent cloth pit roller or the inner concave arc surface device of pit belt discharging end;
3:Represent the feeding belt for accepting pattern raw material;
4:Represent the pit of ring-band shape pit belt;
5:Represent the convex body that the convex region outside the pit of ring-band shape pit belt or belt surface are pasted;
6:Represent the belt rotating shaft of variable ratio frequency changer or speed control device control;
7:Represent blanking blanking roller;
8:Represent the thick device of adjustable limit;
9:Represent the prefabricated panel for having predetermined layout emptying aperture;
10:Represent the belt direction of rotation shown in arrow;
11:Represent the cloth bucket of the first zone pattern raw material;
12:Represent the cloth bucket of the second zone pattern raw material;
13:Represent the charge cask of tertiary color area pattern raw material;
14:Represent the charge cask of the first zone pattern raw material;
15:Represent shaping position;
16:Represent liftable predetermined grid
18:Represent the prefabricated predetermined hollow hole for having predetermined layout emptying aperture panel;
19:Represent the prefabricated non-hollow out enclosed area for having predetermined layout emptying aperture panel;
21:Represent the fine powder raw material of the first zone pattern of product;
22:Represent the second zone pattern raw material of product;
23:Represent the tertiary color area pattern raw material of product;
41:Represent the first zone pattern that the first zone pattern raw material of product is formed;
42:Represent the second zone pattern that the second zone pattern raw material of product is formed;
43:Represent the tertiary color area pattern that the tertiary color area pattern raw material of product is formed;
Realize the best mode of the present invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and preferred embodiment, to making many zone changes three according to a kind of high-fidelity proposed by the present invention The apparatus system and using method of dimension blank pattern immitation stone plate, its specific embodiment, structure, feature and its effect, in detail Illustrate as after.
Refer to shown in Fig. 1, be that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The prefabricated ring-band shape pit belt of the employing of apparatus system and using method embodiment, the panel and cloth that have predetermined layout emptying aperture Bucket etc. is re-fed into press-molding device molding after many zone porcelain raw material cloth of pre-color are fallen on the endless belt of feeding Side profile status schematic diagram.From figure, the ring-band shape pit belt that label 1 represents prefabricated (is pressed in theoretical upside profile What this label indication ring-band shape pit belt should be drawn as is entity, but in order that accompanying drawing can more intuitively coordinate the table of description State, so in the accompanying drawings the predetermined pit in ring-band shape pit belt just directly is illustrated out with vacancy);Label 2 is represented Cloth pit roller or the inner concave arc surface device of pit belt discharging end;Label 3 represents the feeding belt for accepting pattern raw material; Label 4 represents the pit of ring-band shape pit belt;Label 5 represents the convex region outside the pit of ring-band shape pit belt or belt The convex body of surface mount;Label 6 represents the belt rotating shaft of variable ratio frequency changer or speed control device control;Label 7 represents blanking blanking roller Cylinder;Label 8 represents the thick device of adjustable limit;Label 9 represents the prefabricated panel for having predetermined layout emptying aperture;Label 10 represents arrow Shown belt direction of rotation;Label 11 represents the cloth bucket of the first zone pattern raw material;Label 12 represents the second zone pattern The cloth bucket of raw material;Label 13 represents the charge cask of tertiary color area pattern raw material;Label 14 represents the first zone pattern raw material Charge cask;Label 15 represents shaping position;Label 16 represents liftable predetermined grid;Label 21 represents the first of product The fine powder pattern raw material of zone;Label 22 represents the second zone pattern raw material of product;Label 23 represents the tertiary color of product Area's pattern raw material.
Refer to shown in Fig. 2, be that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The pattern plane size effectively used after prefabricated a kind of expansion of apparatus system and using method embodiment be 680mm × Partial schematic plan view (its annulus of the ring-band shape pit belt of the pit of the predetermined pattern layout and pattern form of 10000mm The both sides of the 680mm width of shape pit belt are the entities without pit of each reserved 10mm).From figure, label 1 represents prefabricated Ring-band shape pit belt;Label 4 represents the pit of ring-band shape pit belt;Label 5 represents the pit of ring-band shape pit belt The convex body that outer convex region or belt surface are pasted.
Refer to shown in Fig. 3, be that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The prefabricated ring-band shape pit belt of apparatus system and using method embodiment is at the rotating shaft end of blanking and has cambered surface fidelity device And the schematic diagram that the side section of its lower feeding belt for accepting pattern raw material amplifies.From figure, label 1 represents prefabricated ring Banding pit belt;Label 2 represents cloth pit roller or the inner concave arc surface device of pit belt discharging end;Label 3 is represented Accept the feeding belt of pattern raw material;Label 4 represents the pit of ring-band shape pit belt;Label 5 represents ring-band shape pit belt Pit outside convex region or belt surface paste convex body.
Refer to shown in Fig. 4, be that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The partial schematic plan view of the plane panel for being prefabricated with predetermined layout emptying aperture of apparatus system and using method embodiment.From figure Can band, label 9 represents the prefabricated panel for having predetermined layout emptying aperture;Label 18 represents prefabricated predetermined layout emptying aperture panel Predetermined hollow hole;Label 19 represents the prefabricated non-hollow out enclosed area for having predetermined layout emptying aperture panel.
Refer to shown in Fig. 5, be that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The preliminary dimension removed behind the reserved sides of each about 10mm in both sides obtained by apparatus system and using method embodiment be 600mm × The 3-D billet pattern followed rock ceramic sheet product of high-fidelity three zone of the present invention of 600mm under the effect of inner concave arc surface device Floor map.From figure, label 41 represents the first zone pattern that the first zone pattern raw material of product is formed;Label 42 represent the second zone pattern that the second zone pattern raw material of product is formed;Label 43 represents that the tertiary color area pattern of product is former The tertiary color area pattern that material is formed.
Refer to shown in Fig. 6, be that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates The preliminary dimension removed behind the reserved sides of each about 10mm in both sides obtained by apparatus system and using method embodiment be 600mm × The 3-D billet pattern followed rock ceramic sheet product of high-fidelity three zone of the present invention of 600mm under the effect of inner concave arc surface device Generalized section.From figure, label 41 represents the first zone pattern that the first zone pattern raw material of product is formed;Label 42 represent the second zone pattern that the second zone pattern raw material of product is formed;Label 43 represents that the tertiary color area pattern of product is former The tertiary color area pattern that material is formed.
Refer to shown in Fig. 7, be that a kind of high-fidelity of the invention makes many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates 3-D billet imitative stone of the size of apparatus system and using method embodiment for three pieces of three zone of the present invention of 600mm × 600mm The comparison diagram of the floor map of pattern porcelain product.From figure, its every piece product is all with high fidelity defined and is made a reservation for finely Pattern, and its zone pattern layout and pattern form position generate change.
One of embodiment:
A kind of high-fidelity of the invention is made into the apparatus system of many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates now and is made With manufacture method and its system of the 3-D billet pattern followed rock porcelain product to make 3 different color areas of method as embodiment It is described as follows as process:
1), it is ready to produce source material delivery system, powder polisher, ceramic press and charge car or the liter of porcelain tile product Drop dress feeding grid, and carry and the corresponding conventional production facility such as the belt of feeding, glaze line, kiln and polissoir;It is accurate again Get 3 kinds of different color porcelain raw materials ready, and be respectively charged in respective container;
2), be ready to it is as shown in Figure 2 it is a kind of launch after planar dimension have predetermined pattern cloth for 680mm × 10000mm The ring-band shape pit belt and the as shown in Figure 4 panel and cloth that have predetermined layout emptying aperture of the pit of office and pattern form is with recessed Hole roller or the inner concave arc surface device of pit belt discharging end, charge cask, cloth bucket, the feeding belt for accepting pattern raw material, These facilities are arranged on precalculated position by mounting means as shown in Figure 1 by various rollers etc..
Start line production system, prefabricated ring-band shape pit belt and 3 shown undertaking pattern of label as shown in the reference numeral 1 is former The feeding belt of material starts arrow institute as shown in the reference numeral 10 with the belt rotating shaft that variable ratio frequency changer shown in label 6 or speed control device are controlled The belt direction of rotation synchronous axial system for showing, 21 institute of label in the charge cask of the first zone pattern raw material as shown in the reference numeral 14 The fine powder pattern raw material of the first zone for showing, by blanking blanking roller shown in label 7 fall under which such as label 11 In the cloth bucket of the first shown zone pattern raw material, and the cycle rotation of ring-band shape pit belt is caused in cloth bucket thereon First zone pattern raw material falls into its pit and is filled and led up, in the cloth shown in label 2 with recessed during ring-band shape pit belt blanking Cause the fine powder pattern of the first zone former under the protective effect of the inner concave arc surface device of hole roller or pit belt discharging end Material, steadily falls with high fidelity on the feeding belt of undertaking pattern raw material as shown in the reference numeral 3, and because has certain humidity The nonflowing character of fine powder, forms the heap formed by the first zone pattern raw material of product as shown in the reference numeral 21;Its undertaking The feeding belt of the first zone pattern raw material when even running is by way of next cloth material position, the second zone as shown in the reference numeral 12 The second zone pattern raw material in the cloth bucket of pattern raw material, by the panel for having predetermined layout emptying aperture as shown in the reference numeral 9 Emptying aperture, cloth fall subregion blank on the feeding belt for accepting pattern raw material and the first zone of part pattern raw material surface, Form the heap formed by the second zone pattern raw material of product as shown in the reference numeral 22;Which has accepted the first and second zone figures The feeding belt of case raw material when by way of next cloth material position, in the charge cask of tertiary color area pattern raw material as shown in the reference numeral 13 Label 23 shown in tertiary color area pattern raw material, by the rotation of the blanking blanking roller shown in label 7, under fall undertaking figure The layout of the pattern raw material of three zone is formed with the feeding belt of case raw material after remaining white space, through such as label It is calibrated during adjustable limit thickness device shown in 8 and the liftable predetermined grill frame by shown in label 16 is sent into such as 15 institute of label After the shaping position for showing, liftable predetermined grid rises and is back to start bit, adopts rolling calendering technology immediately or makes It is with the concora crush technique of ceramic press, compressing, and be dried, burn till, cooling down and edging, polishing by glaze line feeding kiln It is 600mm × 600mm that the high-fidelity for obtaining afterwards as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6 makes the preliminary dimension for having three zone patterns to be formed 3-D billet pattern followed rock porcelain product of the present invention (Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles base substrate there are about the contraction of 10% size after burning till, so Size when base substrate is made is to be predefined for width 660mm);Frame send grid to shaping position and return during, its Under feeding belt position can be sent to frame by intended operation by the raw material of above continuous accepted complete pattern layout so that While the base substrate of molding delivers to glaze line, liftable predetermined grid continues for the pattern material frame of three zone to send into molding position Postpone liftable predetermined grid and rise and be back to start bit, immediately using rolling calendering technology or using ceramic press Concora crush technique, makes pattern raw material compressing, and is dried, burns till, cooling down and edging, polishing by glaze line feeding kiln, Will continuously be obtained pattern zone layout and preliminary dimension that pattern form has three zone patterns of predetermined variation be 600mm × The 3-D billet pattern followed rock porcelain product of the present invention of 600mm.It is illustrated in figure 7 wherein three pieces three zone of the present invention of illustration 3-D billet pattern followed rock porcelain product floor map comparison, from figure, its every piece product all high-fidelity landform Into predetermined fine pattern, and its zone pattern layout and pattern form position generate change.
The two of embodiment:
And abundant multi-color area pattern is made and mesh that each zone pattern layout and pattern form are varied to reach , the feeding belt of the ring-band shape pit belt in one of above-described embodiment and its lower undertaking pattern raw material is lengthened, then is preset 4-20 cloth station and the colored raw material being ready to needed for 4-20 zone, and the raw material needed for each pattern zone is placed on In the intermediate carrier of corresponding hopper-type, and install predetermined hollow out panel that the raw material of 2-19 zone passes through or surface and have pre- Determine the roller of pit, and last zone pattern raw material directly can fall the hopper or rotatable blanking roller of filling, adopt Take high-fidelity by above-mentioned the same manner be obtained 4-20 zone pattern zone layout and pattern form be predetermined variation sheet Invention 3-D billet pattern followed rock porcelain product.
The three of embodiment:
And abundant multi-color area pattern is made and mesh that each zone pattern layout and pattern form are varied to reach , many zone can be formed using prefabricated layered or lumps or containing granular raw material as the pattern raw material of predetermined zone Predetermined variation pattern and also pattern in again have more rich 3-D billet of the present invention of the predetermined layout effect of predetermined raw material imitative Stone pattern porcelain product.
The application of the present invention and the characteristics of be different from prior art:
1st, it is compared to lithotome:A kind of high-fidelity of the present invention makes many zone and changes 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate Apparatus system and method, the pattern that corresponding multi-color area pattern and polylith product are made to product pattern followed rock made a reservation for The design of change, produces predetermined variation pattern effect in making a batch production, in top natural stone resource the present less and less My god, the product that more airports, hotel, building, communal facility, mall or private household can be made to produce in the application present invention The romantic charm for surpassing top lithotome combined decoration of polylith different pattern combination after finishing, can be enjoyed, lithotome is overcome There is pattern and the difficult target-seeking difficult problem of color confusion, the same color source of goods.This is one in building decoration ceramics, glass, crystallite glass The great of product functionality in the three-dimensional color pattern technique manufacture of the base substrate color of the ornament materials such as glass, artificial quartz in lump dashes forward It is broken;And while inventive article has the weathering resistance which is better than lithotome, fastness, anti-folding, the nothing of more resistant, corrosion resistant concurrently puts The advantage of the physicochemical property and environmental-protecting performance of the harm of penetrating property.This feature and the both effectiveness products made thereby of the present invention having both, and And can also low cost, expeditiously industrialized production, be that novelty, the creative and multiple advantageous combinations of practicality of the present invention is carried The place of the innovative point for rising.
2nd, it is compared to existing surface printing patterning technique:The present invention is that the colored raw material as product base substrate itself is entered The subregion and layout of row predetermined pattern simultaneously can produce predetermined various zone pattern layouts and figure in same batch is manufactured The change of case shape, it is similar and scrutinize different natural romantic charm to reach large area as lithotome pattern.Relatively exist Top layer printed patterns technical products are different technical schemes and technique effect, also print very thin layer pattern effect than top layer and exist Chamfering, the edging such as such as stone material of product more decorates representability showing on the finishing of edge effect and stereoeffect.This And novelty, the place of the innovative point of creative and practicality of the present invention.
3rd, a kind of Application No. 93117285.3 is compared, the applying date is the technical scheme of 930916 decorative pattern ceramic tile, its It is that multiple little spaces are separated out using space bar in the inside large space of molding, then to the different colour raw materials of little space filling, Space bar is further taken out, then by raw material molding or is burnt till, and its feature is mainly that and separates the raw material of adjacent space and not mutual Mutually infiltrate.Which is that space bar is placed in molding space, to interval action is played in the space of shaping position, after filling raw material again Take out, rather than raw material carrier effect.Also a kind of employing monolithic predetermined mold of Application No. 961038047 is come pattern-making The technical scheme of product.All belt or roller are adopted come the technical scheme sheet of the continuous mode of production blanking of cycle rotation with the present invention Body is exactly different, and technical solution of the present invention makes raw material fall on carrier that frame send molding again during more fully distance, Production efficiency is higher, especially with pit pattern belt by larger can increase pattern of different shapes quantity and can The change of more multiple products pattern is produced by modes such as time, spacing and rotating speeds, is not limited by product plate face size.And The present invention can also be provided with the pattern effect that the addition of more multi-color area pattern raw material forms polychrome region layer time.So compare understand, The present invention is even more novelty, creative and more practicality.
4th, compare a kind of a kind of system of Application No. 200610085169.7 (priority number is 200510034913.6) Make the emptying aperture pattern template vertical circulating system and the technical scheme of process of dalle, its theme thinking is to pattern Change pattern is produced in the making of sheet material, but its method requires it is to make polylith template, and each piece of pattern template correspondence one The pattern of design is planted, the change that how many pieces of templates could produce how many kinds of pattern has been made, this technical scheme is to make every piece of template The method for being swapped out after having respectively entered cloth zone position cloth again, this will be leveraged in production efficiency, and the method Change in pattern is received template number and is affected, and template number increases the limit that can bring the increase and installing space of equipment cost System, so the limited amount of change in pattern.The present invention is to the change of the pattern layout and pattern form of a zone only at one Can be achieved with the surface of roller or a belt, but also more propose and disclose to adopt and predetermined area evagination during blanking The pattern form fidelity device of the inner concave that cambered surface is consistent come rapidly and efficiently, low cost, complete corresponding color simple installation A kind of innovation of the purpose that area's change in pattern makes, reaches to original ceramics, glass, devitrified glass, resiniferous artificial stone Or in the case that the flow production line of resinous floor file ornament materials does not change or do not make big change, to workshop, factory building In the case of not changing, a kind of high-fidelity proposed by the present invention can be just coordinated to make the imitative stone of many zone change 3-D billet patterns The apparatus system and method for sheet material, reaches the maximum valency that more zone pattern levels and pattern form variation effect occurs in product Value.
The micro-powder brick ceramic technology of the belt/roller for such as carving pit of the prior art that the 5th, compares, which is typically all to adopt The original in pit is made with the rotation of roller again during the pit carved on metal or resin rubber rollers is expected under hopper Fall on feeding carrier under material is direct, but which do not protected to the raw material in pit when roller is rotated and makes raw material fall, The accumulation being necessarily scattered so its raw material falls, rather than fall by the former state monoblock type of the raw material accepted in pit, or energy The whereabouts of original shape formula of basic fidelity raw material, the pattern effect of so product of gained are not fine enough, can not control to reach Expected to pattern form requires, it is impossible to produce such as fine obvious little crumby brill class stone material pattern.Although can be with The size and height of control roller falls accumulation shape effects on feeding carrier controlling raw material, but this control is limited , the cylinder sizes of roller are bigger, then the height that raw material falls is higher, and the cylinder sizes of roller are little can make to carve thereon Different shape pit quantity reduce so that the pattern form for piling up raw material of reservation shape seldom, so obtained by product The pattern form change of product also seldom, just has obvious artificial trace, also not enough imitates the natural texture of stone.And the present invention is most Central inventive point is more to disclose to adopt and can add figure of different shapes because there is predetermined area using pit roller The belt of the quantity of case pit carries out blanking, and is provided with consistent or fixed in the predetermined area extrados of discharging end Or the inner concave arc surface device that inner concave arc surface can be acted on the fidelity of pit roller or pit belt synchronous axial system, using During because being the not raw material with preferable mobility of fine powder state containing certain moisture content humidity again, it is ensured that the raw material in pit Shape will not can fall to piling up to ensure the predetermined fine effect of pattern, and the invention allows at which with being scattered as expected The follow-up high-fidelity for increasing station and forming multiple zone using other pit roller or predetermined emptying aperture template makes many zone The technical scheme of change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate product.So compare understand, the present invention be a kind of technological progress and It is strong to be lifted, there are novelty, creative and more practicality.
The above, merely to explanation the present invention preferable preferred embodiment, but its be not to the present invention especially The restriction of the content of the claim of the present invention, technology contents of the anyone familiar with this technology possibly also with above-mentioned prompting Requirement with structural element and process in invention claim performed change or be modified to equivalent variations etc. Effect embodiment, implement a kind of high-fidelity of the invention make many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plates apparatus system and Using method.So, every content without departing from technical solution of the present invention, according to the technical spirit of the present invention to above example Any simple modification made, equivalent variations and modification, still belong in the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of high-fidelity makes the apparatus system that many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate, it is characterised in that:Its bag Include:
First, which has the station of 2-20 zone pattern cloth;
Second, its cloth station region is provided with the prefabricated of pattern raw material and preparing system or loading pattern raw material to meet each zone cloth Hopper needed for material;
Third, its at least 1 station is to be the roller or 2-1000 roots that have desired depth and reservation shape pit by 1 root surface There is the belt of desired depth and reservation shape pit on the surface of rotating shaft connection operating as the cloth of one of zone pattern raw material Material;The cloth pit roller or the discharging end of pit belt, be provided with predetermined inner concave arc surface be with during pit roller blanking The fixation that predetermined area extrados is consistent or predetermined area extrados during pit belt here end axis of rotation is consistent not Dynamic or inner concave arc surface can be with pit roller or the device of pit belt synchronous axial system;
Fourth, under the cloth station of its zone pattern raw material, being provided with the feeding carrier for accepting product pattern raw material.
2. a kind of high-fidelity according to claim 1 makes the device system that many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate System, it is characterised in that:The area size of the cloth pit belt is arranged according to actual place space requirement, and which is thick Degree is on 1-200mm, its surface or it is to be close to engrave the pit of 0.5-199mm depth or surface by predetermined zone pattern form Be provided with by predetermined zone pattern form and depth hollow out be other regions of emptying aperture for closed panel;The panel is can be tight The material that can be rotated with belt and not rupture when being attached to belt surface, the emptying aperture shape and emptying aperture layout of its panel are according to pre- The requirement of fixation area pattern form and layout and make, the panel of the different pit pattern shapes can be replacing.
3. a kind of high-fidelity according to claim 1 makes the device system that many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate System, it is characterised in that:Except the cloth cloth station of other the predetermined zone in addition to pit roller or pit belt, it is provided with predetermined Region is have the hollow hole of reservation shape and size and is removable or the rotatable panel to make emptying aperture produce displacement;Or Person is provided with the roller that there is the pit of reservation shape and depth on its surface.
4. a kind of high-fidelity according to claim 1 makes the device system that many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate System, it is characterised in that:The feeding carrier or belt of the undertaking pattern raw material under the cloth station of its zone pattern raw material, or Belt-type charge car, or crawler type plane belting, or grid, or have a frame can support carrier.
5. a kind of high-fidelity according to claim 1 makes the device system that many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate System, it is characterised in that:Its described cloth pit roller or pit belt discharging end inner concave arc surface device be with pit roller Predetermined area extrados of the extrados or pit belt in material direction in discharging end axis of rotation is close to but is not connected, Its lower end edge is in above same plane or plane with the feeding carrier for accepting pattern raw material.
6. a kind of high-fidelity according to claim 1 makes the device system that many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate System, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated of the pattern raw material that its cloth station region is provided with prepares system or loads pattern raw material to meet Hopper needed for each zone cloth, or roller, or also screen cloth, or also rolling device or surge suppressor or extruding Extrusion device.
7. a kind of high-fidelity according to claim 1 makes the device system that many zone change 3-D billet pattern immitation stone plate The using method of system, it is characterised in that:
1) the colored raw material, being ready to needed for 2-20 zone, and the raw material needed for each pattern zone is placed on into corresponding hopper In the intermediate carrier of formula, while getting out the feeding carrier for accepting pattern raw material and the charge car and thereon for being fed to shaping position Liftable grid, and cloth is with the inner concave arc surface device of pit roller or pit belt and discharging end and is arranged on cloth system In system, and it is in the lower end edge i.e. horizontal section of lower end of inner concave arc surface device and the feeding carrier for accepting pattern raw material Same plane, and install predetermined hollow out panel that the raw material of 2-19 zone passes through or surface and have the roller of predetermined pit, And last zone pattern raw material directly can fall the hopper or rotatable blanking roller of filling;
2), start production line, in intermediate carrier feed opening with relative motion of the cloth with pit roller or pit belt surface, The pattern raw material cloth of corresponding intermediate carrier is fallen in the pit of the cloth pit roller or pit belt, it is predetermined with having The cloth of pit pit roller or the cycle rotation of pit belt, its corresponding zone pattern raw material is in cloth with pit belt Material end turn drop down onto accept product pattern raw material to shaped device direction feeding carrier surface when, the extrados of steering is close to Set inner concave arc surface device, and keep with the feeding carrier under which to shaped device direction move it is synchronous, make the figure in pit Case raw material is close to the inner concave arc surface of inner concave arc surface device and steadily falls down with high fidelity from lower end and formed on feeding carrier the first color The raw material of area's pattern form layout is heaped, and this process is the shuttling movement from control feeding carrier to shaped device direction and recessed The cycle rotation of hole roller or pit belt and can be carried out continuously;
3), be continuously loaded with the pattern raw material of the first zone pattern layout, with feeding carrier by way of next cloth discharge position when, another dress Corresponding pattern raw material is had the roller of predetermined pit by predetermined hollow out panel or surface for the container or hopper-type intermediate carrier of material, Fall in the predetermined white space or while former in the first zone pattern for having fallen of existing first zone pattern Into Raw Material Stockpiling It is superimposed on some positions of material, forms the raw material cloth that follow-up zone pattern raw material is collectively constituted with front operation zone pattern raw material Office;
4), be continuously loaded with the pattern raw material of front operation zone pattern layout, with feeding carrier by way of last cloth discharge position when, Controlled by the feed opening on-off control or blanking roller of the container or hopper-type intermediate carrier for accordingly feeding, directly will be accordingly last The pattern zone raw material of zone pattern raw material whereabouts operation before the white space of feeding carrier is simultaneously superimposed simultaneously or covers, or again Jing limit thickness strike off, be collectively forming from going to the bottom see be the product pattern zone layout for having complete product pattern raw material;
5), then complete pattern zone layout its lower feeding carrier on is framed in precalculated position by liftable predetermined grid Product pattern raw material, or dose one layer of common raw material again on the surface again, product molding position is re-fed into, immediately using rolling Calendering technology or the concora crush technique using ceramic press, it is compressing, and while the grid of the raw material that fallen rise to it is pre- Fixed height simultaneously returns to its start bit with charge car, and the feeding carrier under which is by the pattern of continuous contained complete layout Feedstock circulation runs to relevant position and treats that grill frame send shaping position molding, forms continuous production, and the base substrate of molding is delivered into Follow-up drying process or the firing process that enters back into as needed for corresponding property of raw material make semi-finished product, and or are re-fed into polishing Operation is polished, and many zone change 3-D billet patterns of the high-fidelity making under the effect of inner concave arc surface device for making the present invention are imitated The product of stone slab;
6), with cloth pit roller or pit belt and feeding carrier and install and framed pattern raw material is sent to shaped device Product pattern raw material is constantly sent to shaping position making and is shaped to base substrate, then sent constantly into by the cycle operation of the truck of molding Follow-up corresponding operation, you can form continuously big production.
8. method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The raw material that adopted or containing emery dust material or granule Material or powder material or furnace transmutation glaze or be being processed by layered laminate mode for different color or different thicknesses mesh number Raw material it is any or any several.
9. method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Product to being made also applies to adopt or intermingling flower colour skill Art or roller printing technology or ink-jet printed technology are aiding in the pattern effect of the more horn of plenty for showing product surface.
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