CN103563714A - Grape planting method - Google Patents

Grape planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103563714A
CN103563714A CN201310486320.8A CN201310486320A CN103563714A CN 103563714 A CN103563714 A CN 103563714A CN 201310486320 A CN201310486320 A CN 201310486320A CN 103563714 A CN103563714 A CN 103563714A
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China
Prior art keywords
fruit
grape
bagging
paper bag
planting
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CN201310486320.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宦国宏
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DANYANG MODERN ECOLOGICAL AQUAFARM
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DANYANG MODERN ECOLOGICAL AQUAFARM
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Priority to CN201310486320.8A priority Critical patent/CN103563714A/en
Publication of CN103563714A publication Critical patent/CN103563714A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture planting, and particularly relates to a grape planting method which comprises the following steps of: (1) selecting cuttings, namely, selecting branches with good grape growth situation, good branch flower bud differentiation, upright leaf standing, dark green leaves and high photosynthetic efficiency, dip-coating a novel high fat membrane liquid of 800 times at the lower ends of the selected cuttings, and subsequently breeding in a cuttage or grafting mode; (2) settling a plant land, namely, digging trenches before planting, fertilizing sufficient base manure, wherein 2,000-2,500kg of rotted manure and 50-80kg of three-nutrient compound fertilizer are fertilized in each mu of the land; (3) managing. The technical scheme of the invention has the benefits that through the adoption of the grape planting method provided by the invention, grapes are low in pesticide residue, fruits are rich in nutrition, fresh in color and good in taste, as a reasonable number of fruits are grown on main branches, left fruits can obtain more sufficient nutrient and are sleeved in bags for management so as to guarantee the growing space, and single grape can grow bigger with better color and more sufficient sugar.

Description

A kind of grape planting process
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural planting technique field, be specifically related to a kind of grape planting process.
Background technology
Grape is not only delicious good to eat, and nutritive value is very high, and in ripe berry, sugar content, up to 10~30%, be take glucose as main, can be directly absorbed by the body.Also contain mineral calcium, potassium, phosphorus, iron and multivitamin and essential amino acid.From traditional Chinese medical science angle, grape is flat, and the sweet acid of taste is nontoxic, favoritely think, grape can " the strong Chilean muscles and bones of enriching blood, the stomach invigorating relieving thirst and restlessness of promoting the production of body fluid; the beneficial gas diuresis of relieving oedema or abdominal distension through diuresis or purgation, the good face of nourshing kidney benefit liver ", and no matter edible, medicinal grape is can say that value is very high, main effect and effect are: relieving fatigue, and antitoxin sterilization, improves allergic symptom, cancer-resisting, anti-anaemia, takes good care of stomach, cholagogic, inducing diuresis to reduce edema, antiabortive, help and excited cerebral nerve, beautifying face and moistering lotion.
Planting benefit along with grape improved constantly in recent years, increasing orchard worker plants grape, but unreasonable due to planting technology, causes the damage by disease and insect of grape more, thereby extensively executes chemical pesticide, cause soil compaction, the quality of grape is very different, and persticide residue exceeds standard, taste bad will, do not meet the requirement of safety nuisance free, can not meet consumers in general's quality requirement.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is: the grape pesticide residual amount in prior art of overcoming is high, the technical deficiency of taste bad will, and the grape planting process that a kind of output is high, persticide residue is low, mouthfeel is good is provided.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
, comprise the following steps:
(1) select cuttings: select grape growth surging, branch flower bud differentiation is good, and blade is stood upright, dark green leaf color, the branch that photosynthetic efficiency is high, at 800 times of liquid of the new high fat film of the cutting lower end dipping of choosing, then with cuttage or propagation by grafiting;
(2) seedling ground arranges: digging groove before planting, use sufficient base manure, and execute 2000~2500 kilograms of decomposed dungs for every mu, 50~80 kilograms of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium;
(3) management:
1. after rudiment, erase two buds, bull bud, cross weak bud, form after young sprout, by 15~20cm spacing, determine the tip, spray short flower king No. 3; Nitrogen Top Dressing join and execute 10~12 kgs/acre, phosphate fertilizer, 10~12 kgs/acre, potash fertilizer before blooming;
2. after blooming, when fruit is as mung bean grain size time, 8~10 kgs/acre of Nitrogen Top Dressings; Each fruit ear was pruned in after blooming 13~16 days, retain bear fruit that fruit is large, on inflorescence fruit size evenly and without the inflorescence of damage by disease and insect;
3. the extermination of disease and insect pest: grape common disease has white rot, sprays 1000 * 50% carbendazim controls in mid-June to mid-August; Anthrachose of grape, sprays the control of 1:0.5:180 bordeaux mixture before blooming and after fallen leaves; Downy mildew, sprays the control of 1:0.5:180 bordeaux mixture;
4. at the fruit color initial stage, suitably impose a small amount of nitrogenous fertilizer and coordinate phosphorus potash fertilizer, 1~2 kg/acre, nitrogenous fertilizer, 2~3 kgs/acre, phosphorus potash fertilizer;
5. bagging: grape bear fruit after in 15~20 days, each fruit ear is dredged and is removed a branch every two branches from top to bottom, a fruit ear stays 10~15 branches, before bagging, fruit ear is arranged, dredge the granule, infected seed, deformity grain and the inwardly outside outstanding fruit grain that go on fruit ear, remove after the foreign material on young fringe, put paper bag, while plucking, remove paper bag after fruit maturation;
6. after bagging, manage: after bagging, growth period is tied up climing, pinching in time, improve ventilation and penetrating light condition, more than the inflorescence of each fruit bearing shoot, stay 10 leaves to take the lead, entirely erasing below the sublateral shoot fruit ear on fruit bearing shoot, the above sublateral shoot of fruit ear stays one or two leaf pinching repeatedly, and fruit bearing shoot top stays a sublateral shoot to extend growth, stays the pinching repeatedly of five leaves.
Further, in described bagging step, the full tree of first 2~3 days of bagging sprays bactericide one time, extraordinarily 40% surely destroys 800 times of liquid of bacterium and sprays, the dry bagging afterwards of medicine with 70% thiophanate methyl 800.
Further, in described bagging step, select to have that wind resistance rain ability is strong, good permeability, light transmittance is high, hydrophobic deg is high, the paper bag of the feature such as fungi-proofing, before use first to the first disinfection of paper bag.
Further, described bagging time is before the 10 AM of fine day or after at 4 in afternoon.
Further, the method for described bagging is: the right hand struts sack, after paper bag is heaved, left hand is held the bottom of paper bag, the ventilation bar mouth of a river of paper bag two bottom sides is opened, by paper bag pull-up from bottom to top, carpopodium is placed on the incision of paper bag top, then paper bag mouth iron wire tighten.
Adopt the beneficial effect of technical scheme of the present invention to be: to adopt grape planting process of the present invention, grape pesticide residual amount is low, fruits nutrition abundant, color and luster is delicious, mouthfeel good, due to fruit reasonable quantity on major branch, the nutrient that the fruit remaining obtains is more sufficient, and manage after bagging, guaranteed growing space, single fruit also can be looked more greatly, color is better, sugar is more abundant.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
, comprise the following steps:
(1) select cuttings: select grape growth surging, branch flower bud differentiation is good, and blade is stood upright, dark green leaf color, the branch that photosynthetic efficiency is high, at 800 times of liquid of the new high fat film of the cutting lower end dipping of choosing, then with cuttage or propagation by grafiting.
(2) seedling ground arranges: digging groove before planting, use sufficient base manure, and execute 2000~2500 kilograms of decomposed dungs for every mu, 50~80 kilograms of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium.
(3) management:
1. after rudiment, erase two buds, bull bud, cross weak bud, form after young sprout, by 15~20cm spacing, determine the tip, spray short flower king No. 3, spray short flower king and can effectively control the mad length of the tip No. 3; Nitrogen Top Dressing join and execute 10~12 kgs/acre, phosphate fertilizer before blooming, 10~12 kgs/acre, potash fertilizer, plays the effect that promotes branches and leaves and Inflorescence development, enlarged-area.
2. after blooming, when fruit is as mung bean grain size time, 8~10 kgs/acre of Nitrogen Top Dressings, can promote fruit development and then coordinate shoot and leaf growth, consumption is determined according to growing way, and when growing way is more prosperous, consumption should lack, and when growing way is poor, consumption is larger; Each fruit ear was pruned in after blooming 13~16 days, retain bear fruit that fruit is large, fruit size evenly and without the inflorescence of damage by disease and insect, can be guaranteed that like this fruit particle is large, be of high nutritive value on inflorescence.
3. the extermination of disease and insect pest: grape common disease has white rot, after spending and spray 1000 * 50% carbendazim controls the middle ten days to mid-August; Anthrachose of grape, sprays the control of 1:0.5:180 bordeaux mixture before blooming and after fallen leaves; Downy mildew, sprays the control of 1:0.5:180 bordeaux mixture.
4. at the fruit color initial stage, suitably impose a small amount of nitrogenous fertilizer and coordinate phosphorus potash fertilizer, 1~2 kg/acre, nitrogenous fertilizer, 2~3 kgs/acre, phosphorus potash fertilizer, can promote the rapid increase of berry and the raising of sugar content, increases the color and luster of fruit, improves the inside and outside quality of fruit.
5. bagging: grape bear fruit after in 15~20 days, each fruit ear is dredged and is removed a branch every two branches from top to bottom, a fruit ear stays 10~15 branches, before bagging, fruit ear is arranged, dredge the granule, infected seed, deformity grain and the inside outwards outstanding fruit grain that go on fruit ear, first 2~3 days full trees of bagging spray bactericide one time, with 70% thiophanate methyl 800, extraordinarily 40% surely destroy 800 times of liquid of bacterium and spray, bagging after medicine is dry, removes the foreign material on young fringe, puts paper bag.If run into the rainy day, must spray once again.At a run of wet weather unexpected fine day afterwards, bagging immediately not, increases the weight of because can make day to burn, and pass through a couple of days, and fruit adapts to after hot environment bagging more a little.Bagging method: the right hand struts sack, after paper bag is heaved, left hand is held the bottom of paper bag, the ventilation bar mouth of a river of paper bag two bottom sides is opened, and by paper bag pull-up from bottom to top, carpopodium is placed on the incision of paper bag top, then paper bag mouth iron wire tighten, can avoid like this rainwater to flow into, while plucking, remove paper bag after fruit maturation.
Selection has that wind resistance rain ability is strong, good permeability, light transmittance is high, hydrophobic deg is high, the paper bag of the feature such as fungi-proofing, and before use, first to the first disinfection of paper bag, bagging time is before the 10 AM of fine day or after at 4 in afternoon.
6. after bagging, manage: after bagging, growth period is tied up climing, pinching in time, improve ventilation and penetrating light condition, more than the inflorescence every fruit bearing shoot, stay 10 leaves to take the lead, entirely erasing below the sublateral shoot fruit ear on fruit bearing shoot, the above sublateral shoot of fruit ear stays one or two leaf pinching repeatedly, and fruit bearing shoot top stays a sublateral shoot to extend growth, stays the pinching repeatedly of five leaves.

Claims (5)

1. a grape planting process, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) select cuttings: select grape growth surging, branch flower bud differentiation is good, and blade is stood upright, dark green leaf color, the branch that photosynthetic efficiency is high, at 800 times of liquid of the new high fat film of the cutting lower end dipping of choosing, then with cuttage or propagation by grafiting;
(2) seedling ground arranges: digging groove before planting, use sufficient base manure, and execute 2000~2500 kilograms of decomposed dungs for every mu, 50~80 kilograms of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium;
(3) management:
1. after rudiment, erase two buds, bull bud, cross weak bud, form after young sprout, by 15~20cm spacing, determine the tip, spray short flower king No. 3; Nitrogen Top Dressing join and execute 10~12 kgs/acre, phosphate fertilizer, 10~12 kgs/acre, potash fertilizer before blooming;
2. after blooming, when fruit is as mung bean grain size time, 8~10 kgs/acre of Nitrogen Top Dressings; Each fruit ear was pruned in after blooming 13~16 days, retain bear fruit that fruit is large, on inflorescence fruit size evenly and without the inflorescence of damage by disease and insect;
3. the extermination of disease and insect pest: grape common disease has white rot, sprays 1000 * 50% carbendazim controls in mid-June to mid-August; Anthrachose of grape, sprays the control of 1:0.5:180 bordeaux mixture before blooming and after fallen leaves; Downy mildew, sprays the control of 1:0.5:180 bordeaux mixture;
4. at the fruit color initial stage, suitably impose a small amount of nitrogenous fertilizer and coordinate phosphorus potash fertilizer, 1~2 kg/acre, nitrogenous fertilizer, 2~3 kgs/acre, phosphorus potash fertilizer;
5. bagging: grape bear fruit after in 15~20 days, each fruit ear is dredged and is removed a branch every two branches from top to bottom, a fruit ear stays 10~15 branches, before bagging, fruit ear is arranged, dredge the granule, infected seed, deformity grain and the inwardly outside outstanding fruit grain that go on fruit ear, remove after the foreign material on young fringe, put paper bag, while plucking, remove paper bag after fruit maturation;
6. after bagging, manage: after bagging, growth period is tied up climing, pinching in time, improve ventilation and penetrating light condition, more than the inflorescence of each fruit bearing shoot, stay 10 leaves to take the lead, entirely erasing below the sublateral shoot fruit ear on fruit bearing shoot, the above sublateral shoot of fruit ear stays one or two leaf pinching repeatedly, and fruit bearing shoot top stays a sublateral shoot to extend growth, stays the pinching repeatedly of five leaves.
2. a kind of grape planting process according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described bagging step, first 2~3 days full trees of bagging spray bactericide one time, extraordinarily 40% surely destroys 800 times of liquid of bacterium and sprays, the dry bagging afterwards of medicine with 70% thiophanate methyl 800.
3. a kind of grape planting process according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described bagging step, select to have that wind resistance rain ability is strong, good permeability, light transmittance is high, hydrophobic deg is high, the paper bag of the feature such as fungi-proofing, before use first to the first disinfection of paper bag.
4. a kind of grape planting process according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described bagging time is before the 10 AM of fine day or after at 4 in afternoon.
5. according to a kind of grape planting process described in any one in claim 1~4, it is characterized in that, the method of described bagging is: the right hand struts sack, after paper bag is heaved, left hand is held the bottom of paper bag, the ventilation bar mouth of a river of paper bag two bottom sides is opened, by paper bag pull-up from bottom to top, carpopodium is placed on the incision of paper bag top, then paper bag mouth iron wire tighten.
CN201310486320.8A 2013-10-17 2013-10-17 Grape planting method Pending CN103563714A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104221805A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-12-24 重庆满贯农业发展有限公司 Grape planting method
CN104396679A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-03-11 张平 Grape violet root rot controlling method
CN104756818A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-08 朱小琼 Grape planting method
CN104838963A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-08-19 娄志 Planting method for increasing Kyoho grape survival rate
CN105248240A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-01-20 赣州江洪果业发展有限公司 Pollution-free grape planting method
CN106034964A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-26 永胜县丰源生物科技开发有限公司 Standardized planting method of grape seedlings
CN106134699A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-23 新昌县七星街道鑫瑞机械厂 A kind of implantation methods of grape
CN106937580A (en) * 2016-01-04 2017-07-11 惠水县长兴茶果种植农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless seedless black grape
CN107295943A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-10-27 芜湖县兰馨油桃种植专业合作社 A kind of pruning method for improving grape per mu yield
CN107306752A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-11-03 芜湖县兰馨油桃种植专业合作社 A kind of cultural method for improving grape survival rate
CN107360937A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-21 安徽鹏翔生态农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of grape
CN107494173A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-12-22 叶集区鑫隆果业有限公司 A kind of management method prevented set bagged grape and sun burn occurs
CN108029438A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-15 马鞍山市双飞葡萄专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for eating special grape raw
CN108040736A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 马鞍山市双飞葡萄专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for special grape of making wine
CN108684347A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-10-23 大理白族自治州农业科学推广研究院 A kind of grape cuttage grafting fast breeding technique
CN110741869A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-02-04 贵州黎源上品农业科技开发有限公司 Method for improving fruit setting rate and yield of Bufna

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104221805A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-12-24 重庆满贯农业发展有限公司 Grape planting method
CN104396679A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-03-11 张平 Grape violet root rot controlling method
CN104838963A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-08-19 娄志 Planting method for increasing Kyoho grape survival rate
CN104756818A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-08 朱小琼 Grape planting method
CN105248240A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-01-20 赣州江洪果业发展有限公司 Pollution-free grape planting method
CN106937580A (en) * 2016-01-04 2017-07-11 惠水县长兴茶果种植农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of nuisanceless seedless black grape
CN106034964A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-26 永胜县丰源生物科技开发有限公司 Standardized planting method of grape seedlings
CN106134699A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-23 新昌县七星街道鑫瑞机械厂 A kind of implantation methods of grape
CN107494173A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-12-22 叶集区鑫隆果业有限公司 A kind of management method prevented set bagged grape and sun burn occurs
CN107306752A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-11-03 芜湖县兰馨油桃种植专业合作社 A kind of cultural method for improving grape survival rate
CN107295943A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-10-27 芜湖县兰馨油桃种植专业合作社 A kind of pruning method for improving grape per mu yield
CN107360937A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-21 安徽鹏翔生态农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of grape
CN108029438A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-15 马鞍山市双飞葡萄专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for eating special grape raw
CN108040736A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-05-18 马鞍山市双飞葡萄专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for special grape of making wine
CN108684347A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-10-23 大理白族自治州农业科学推广研究院 A kind of grape cuttage grafting fast breeding technique
CN110741869A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-02-04 贵州黎源上品农业科技开发有限公司 Method for improving fruit setting rate and yield of Bufna

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Application publication date: 20140212