CN103553579B - Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103553579B
CN103553579B CN201310470606.7A CN201310470606A CN103553579B CN 103553579 B CN103553579 B CN 103553579B CN 201310470606 A CN201310470606 A CN 201310470606A CN 103553579 B CN103553579 B CN 103553579B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
porcelain brick
brick
glazing
slurry
porcelain
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310470606.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103553579A (en
Inventor
姚文江
李强
Original Assignee
佛山市唯格瓷砖有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN2012105141083A priority Critical patent/CN102942355A/en
Priority to CN201210514108.3 priority
Application filed by 佛山市唯格瓷砖有限责任公司 filed Critical 佛山市唯格瓷砖有限责任公司
Priority to CN201310470606.7A priority patent/CN103553579B/en
Publication of CN103553579A publication Critical patent/CN103553579A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103553579B publication Critical patent/CN103553579B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of preparation technology for building porcelain bricks, and relates to an environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having the characteristic of natural granite, and a preparation method thereof. The porcelain brick comprises, based on a total weight of oxides, 15-20% of Al2O3, 50-56% of SiO2, 10-20% of Fe2O3 and 4-11% of other chemical components. The environment-friendly full body porcelain brick is prepared by the steps of batching, ball milling, pulverizing, molding, preparing glaze slip, glazing, printing, sintering, drawing and cooling naturally. The preparation method solves the problems of difficult oxidation of thick porcelain brick in the sintering process. The porcelain brick has good oxidation property; and immediate layer does not appear phenomena such as pinholes, black lines and bubbles. The problem that glaze quality of the porcelain brick can not reach the surface quality of natural granite is solved; concave-convex texture of the surface of the brick is clear; stereo sense is strong; the surface texture is close to that of the natural granite; application range of vanadium-titanium waste residues is broadened; and the environment-friendly full body porcelain brick has extremely high social benefits and environment protection values.

Description

A kind of environmental protection entire body porcelain brick with natural granite characteristic and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to architectural decoration porcelain brick preparing technical field, be specifically related to a kind of environmental protection entire body porcelain brick with natural granite characteristic and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Granite is one of conventional decorative stone, and wide in variety, color is various, uses with a long historyly, can highlight the elegant of building.Natural granite quality is hard, and durable in use and easy maintenance is the stone decoration material of more and more being liked and pursuing at present.Yet grouan is as Nonrenewable resources, savings amount is limited, not only rare cost but also higher, particularly some precious rare granite building materials, the exploitation of having limited the quantity of now.National governments, for the strictly restriction of exploitation of Nonrenewable resources, are not being met the market requirement in recent years.
CN1709822A discloses a kind of composition of raw materials of ceramic tile, by golden bank potter's clay 50~70wt%, Hushan argil 10~25wt% and bamboo charcoal powder 15~35wt%, is fired, and the glazed tile lacquer black light of making by this formula is bright, and color is naturally simple, and ceramic tile intensity and hardness are high." without the fast development of burning black ceramic tile of glaze " (Zhang Xudong, without the fast development of burning black ceramic tile of glaze, ceramic engineering, the 32nd phase the 3rd volume, in June, 1998: 29~31) studied and take natural chromite as colorant preparation is without fast formula composition and the firing condition that burns black ceramic tile of glaze, and determined the processing parameter of black porcelain blackness the best.But, as the product-golden bank potter's clay of weathering in 1 years and as the natural chromite of colorant, its resource-constrained, production cost is higher.
" manufacturing process of vanadium-titanium black ceramic and the application in modern industry thereof " (repaiies roc, Wang Qichun etc.The manufacturing process of vanadium-titanium black ceramic and the application in modern industry thereof, Chinese pottery, the 44th the 4th phase of volume, in April, 2008: 41~43) introduced and utilized tailings in vanadium extraction and conventional ceramic raw material by 1:1 proportioning, carry out ball milling, sieve, deironing, moulding, be dried, burn till the processing method of manufacturing vanadium-titanium black ceramic, and the various performances of vanadium-titanium black ceramic and the application in modern industry thereof etc. are analyzed and studied.
Common porcelain brick thickness is generally below 1cm, the used thickness of natural granite is generally thick than common porcelain brick, when thering is the environmental protection entire body porcelain brick of natural granite characteristic, be made into 1.6cm thickness when above, on firing process, exist dysoxidizable problem, simultaneously, its porcelain brick surface hardness of making is high, and porcelain brick glaze texture cannot reach the surperficial texture of natural granite.And current vanadium titanium waste residue is only limited to the range of application in the common low-grade polished tile of Building Ceramics Industry field at present.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of environmental protection entire body porcelain brick with natural granite characteristic.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method with the environmental protection entire body porcelain brick of natural granite characteristic.
For addressing the above problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
An environmental protection entire body porcelain brick with natural granite characteristic, in described porcelain brick, the relative weight per-cent of each chemical composition based on oxide compound gross weight meter is:
As further technical scheme of the present invention, the thickness of described porcelain brick is more than 1.6cm, and the raw material that described porcelain brick is comprised of following weight percent prepares:
In the present invention, the iron-holder of described vanadium titanium waste residue, between 26~50%, also contains Si, Al, K, Na, V, Ti, outward appearance is toner powder darkly, and firing temperature, between 1050~1200 ℃, is ferrous metal shape after firing, mainly utilize its colour generation good, improve the entire body sense of base substrate; Do not need to use colorant, cost ratio black base substrate colorant is cheap; And can by tailing utilization in ceramic, can be utilization of waste material, can also reduce its harm to environment.
Described middle temperature sand chief component is silicon-dioxide, and dioxide-containing silica is between 80~95%, and also with a small amount of aluminium sesquioxide and potassium oxide, firing temperature arrives 1200 ℃; In vanadium titanium waste residue, add middle temperature sand colour generation good, the plasticity-, the volumetric expansion in sintering process that is mainly used in adjusting pug can partial offset sintering shrinkage, prevent the effects such as melting deformation of base substrate in sintering process, improve the performances such as intensity of ceramic body.
Described ripe Jiao is a kind of high-quality hard fireclay, and main chemical compositions is Al 2o 3and SiO 2two kinds of oxide compounds, impurity is mainly the oxide compound of alkali, alkaline earth and iron, titanium etc., and some organism.Various oxide compounds all play fluxing action, can reduce the refractoriness of raw material, widen sintered molten scope.
Described Hainan mud is the mixture of various, the finely divided multiple hydrous alumino silicates mineral of a kind of color, and its particle size is generally less than 2 μ m, mainly clay mineral and some other impure mineral, consists of, and containing aluminium sesquioxide, can reach 32%; Be by weathering clay mineral borrow the transportation of rainwater or wind-force to move away from after former parent rock, the mineral deposit forming in low-lying place deposition, is also secondary clay.Raw ore can be removed partial impurities wherein by washing, and water ratio is higher, generally arrives 33~38%, belongs to high sticky clay, and plasticity-and associativity are very strong, and dry body strength is high, shrinks greatly, has very strong ion exchangeable.
Described Wen Zushi belongs to flint clay, and it is light yellow that outward appearance is, and containing aluminium sesquioxide 25% left and right, with the symbiosis of civilian ancestral's soil, has the characteristics such as volume stability, intensity are large, good permeability, and Si, Al are mainly provided.
Described potassium albite is the mineral of the silico-aluminate of the basic metal such as K, Na, Ca or alkaline-earth metal, and potassium sodium content is more than 5%, steady quality; Before burning till, feldspar can play non-plastic raw material, reduces dry shrinkage and the distortion of base substrate, improves drying property, shortens time of drying.When burning till, can be used as flux and reduce firing temperature, impel quartzy and kaolin melting, and in liquid phase mutual scattering and permeating and accelerate the formation of mullite.The feldspar vitreum filling generating in melting, in the mullite intergranule of base substrate, makes base substrate densification and minimizing space, thereby improves its physical strength and dielectric properties.In addition the generation of feldspar glass can also improve the light transmission of base substrate.The incorporation of feldspar in ceramic body is different with raw material, the requirement of product is different and different.
Described iron mouth soil main chemical compositions is silicon-dioxide, aluminium sesquioxide and water, also contains the elements such as iron, magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium, Na 2o and CaO content are quite large on the physicochemical property of iron mouth soil and process technology performance impact.Described iron mouth soil is alkaline soil, the admixture of it and water, non-plastic raw material has plasticity-and agglutinating value(of coal), it belongs to wilkinite character but is different from the wilkinite of other type, after firing, kiln is difficult for bubble, reason due to calcic, magnesium, beginning fusing point is lower, and about 850~900 ℃ just can start melting, be also good fusing assistants.
In the present invention, enter the middle layer that kiln burns till rear porcelain brick and be prone to the phenomenons such as pin hole, black line, bubble, because the initial melting temperature of vanadium titanium waste residue is low, at 900~1000 ℃, just start melting, cannot normally there is chemical reaction with intramatrical clay in obstruction, because the loss on ignition of iron mouth soil is larger, the present invention is by controlling the consumption of iron mouth soil, can fully be oxidized, solve dysoxidizable problem.
In the present invention, base substrate green strength is inadequate, only has 0.55MPa, by adding Hainan mud, improves green strength to 0.75MPa, can bear the not enough and green compact of the mechanical efficiency of equipment in the impact of oven dry airstream in kiln.
In the present invention, it is good that vanadium titanium waste residue and middle temperature sand merge color development, yet because the si content of middle temperature sand is high, wherein also follow a certain amount of Free quartz, quartz can produce twice crystal transition in sintering process, if the content of middle temperature sand is greater than 25%, in process of cooling, will cause base substrate cannot bear quartzy crystal transition rapidly, brick phenomenon is split in generation, and middle temperature sand content, 18~25%, can solve the problem that porcelain brick is easily split brick.
A preparation method with the environmental protection entire body porcelain brick of natural granite characteristic, comprises the following steps:
1) batching: adopt the method for mixing of high-altitude blanking type that raw material is mixed in mixer, obtain basestocks, standby;
2) ball milling: the basestocks of gained in step 1) is mixed to water and carry out wet ball grinding, use aluminum oxide as ball-milling medium, being milled to granularity is 0.2~0.5mm, and adjusting moisture content is 34~36%, obtains the slurry after ball milling;
3) slurry powder process: by step 2) after ball milling sieves with 80~100 object screen clothes, removes coarse grain and impurity, puts into suction pit old, after old, proceed to transfer suction pit, stir homogenizing, spraying is dry, obtain the powder after powder process, moisture content is 6.8~7.4%;
4) moulding: the powder making in step 3) is pressed, obtains blank;
5) glaze slip preparation: potassium albite, kaolin, wollastonite, aluminum oxide, talcum, zinc oxide and calcium carbonate are mixed, sieve, adding water adjustment moisture content is 55~60%, makes glaze slip;
6) glazing, stamp: the glaze slip that step 5) is made carries out glazing, stamp in the blank surface of moulding;
7) burn till: the blank after glazing, stamp is placed in to roller kiln and burns till;
8) after kiln discharge, naturally cool to room temperature, make environmental protection entire body porcelain brick; The thickness of described porcelain brick is more than 1.6cm, and in described porcelain brick, the relative weight per-cent of each chemical composition based on oxide compound gross weight meter is:
In the present invention, more even in order to guarantee that raw material mixes, above-mentioned steps 1) the middle method for mixing that adopts high-altitude blanking type.In order to guarantee that powder particles that powder process obtains distributes, being applicable to particular requirement of the present invention, above-mentioned steps 3) suction pit generally adopts anistree pond, avoids adopting cubic pond or round shape pond.Slurry, except rotation under the effect of paddle, also must have up and down the exchange of backflow, clashing into, with avoid slurry layering or form stir less than dead angle and cause precipitation, cause uneven distribution.Guaranteeing that under the plastic prerequisite of blank, powder water content is the least possible, adjusting moisture content is 6.8~7.4%, to shorten time of drying, strengthens density and the intensity of blank.Owing to taking vanadium titanium waste residue, its main component is ferric oxide, so the present invention do not need deironing before moulding, and traditional pottery preparation all needed deironing before moulding process.
As further technical scheme of the present invention, the composition of raw material described in step 1) and weight percent thereof are:
In order to shorten Ball-milling Time and to guarantee that slurry fineness is more stable, as further technical scheme of the present invention, step 2) in 40mm ballstone in ball mill: 50mm ballstone: the ratio of 60mm ballstone is respectively 3:5:2; The fineness of the slurry making is that 0.063mm aperture sieve surplus is 2.0~3.0%, and flow rate of slurry is 30~60S, and the proportion of slurry is 1.70~1.74g/ml.
In order to make blank there is good plasticity-, can meet forming requirements, and guarantee that adobe has enough intensity, unlikely generation distortion.As further technical scheme of the present invention, step 3) in octagonal suction pit old 10~14 hours, adopts the powerful Quick-type paddles of three leaves to stir homogenizing; The powder particles making is distributed as:
The order degree that in the powder of above-mentioned fineness ratio, solid particulate is arranged is low, does not form and aligns.Can avoid in molding blank, forming anisotropic structure, cause that drying distortions even ftractures.The above-mentioned powder good fluidity making, can be full of rapidly each corner of mould, consistent to guarantee the even density of brick body.Powder tap density is large, and compression ratio is little, and air content is few.
As further technical scheme of the present invention, the shaping speed in step 4) is 4.0~4.5 beats/min, and forming pressure is 26000~28000KN; Blank specification is 600*600mm 2, sotck thinkness is 21.6~22.6mm, dried green strength is > 0.8MPa.
In order to guarantee that the beginning fusing point of glaze slip wants high, avoid affecting after watery fusion the exhaust of base substrate, and fine and smooth in order to guarantee the glaze of porcelain brick, color development is better; The coefficient of expansion is high, antifouling and wear resisting property is good.As further technical scheme of the present invention, in described step 5), the weight percent of the various components of glaze slip is:
After above-mentioned various composition mixes, the weight percent of chemical composition is:
The fineness of the glaze that step 5) makes is that 0.045mm aperture sieve surplus is 0.4~0.5%, and the proportion of glaze is 1.38~1.41g/ml.
For making the Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct on porcelain brick adobe of the present invention surface clear, stereoscopic sensation is strong, and adobe superficial makings is more approaching, reduction natural granite, as further technical scheme of the present invention, in step 6), use glaze spraying mode to carry out glazing, glazing flow velocity is 13~15S, every 670*670mm 2the weight of area institute glazing slurry is 165~180g.
For porcelain brick is fully oxidized, avoid middle layer to occur the phenomenons such as pin hole, black line, bubble, as further technical scheme of the present invention, in step 7), high temperature firing period is 100~110min, high temperature firing temperature is 1170~1200 ℃, and soaking time is 6~14 minutes.
Compared to existing technology, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1) solved thick porcelain brick dysoxidizable problem on firing process, the thickness of the porcelain brick that the present invention makes is more than 1.6cm, is a kind of thick brick, and this porcelain brick oxidation susceptibility is good, and middle layer is not prone to the phenomenons such as pin hole, black line, bubble;
2) solved the problem that porcelain brick glaze texture cannot reach the surperficial texture of natural granite, the Z-Correct bump mapping Z-correct on porcelain brick adobe of the present invention surface is clear, and stereoscopic sensation is strong, and adobe superficial makings approaches natural granite;
3) widened the range of application that vanadium titanium waste residue is only limited to the common low-grade polished tile of Building Ceramics Industry field at present, the present invention utilizes industrial residue to make ceramic tile, has purified environment, has reduced environmental pollution, reduce the cost of product simultaneously, there is high social benefit and the value of environmental protection.
Embodiment
It is domestic that vanadium titanium waste residue of the present invention derives from Hebei, is the mine tailing of carrying vanadium metal, titanium; Middle temperature sand derives from Mengyin, Shandong area; A kind of high-quality hard fireclay of Shu Jiaoshi Shandong Province Zibo area output; Hainan mud is the mixture of various, the finely divided multiple hydrous alumino silicates mineral of a kind of color; Wen Zushi derives from Shandong Zibo, belongs to flint clay; Potassium albite is the mineral of the silico-aluminate of the basic metal such as K, Na, Ca or alkaline-earth metal, derives from Area in Yantai Region; It is domestic that iron mouth soil derives from Yantai, Shandong, is a kind of clay rock.
The parent material that the present invention is used and oxide compound thereof form in Table 1.
Table 1 parent material and oxide compound thereof form (%)
? Al 2O 3 SiO 2 CaO MgO K 2O Na 2O Fe 2O 3 TiO 2 Burn and lose
Vanadium titanium waste residue 23.14 2.34 2.18 0.8 5.0 48.13 10.23 0.91
Middle temperature sand 4.41 92.70 0.13 0.1 1.41 0.16 0.26 0.09 0.5
Ripe Jiao 49.95 42.81 0.42 0.71 0.44 0.33 2.34 2.48 0.6
Hainan mud 35.12 48.22 0.22 0.22 1.59 0.46 1.24 0.65 12.03
Wen Zushi 28.11 61.4 0.36 0.15 0.740. 0.17 1.22 0.96 6.73
Potassium albite 15.01 74.16 0.48 0.05 6.36 3.00 0.18 0.02 0.55
Iron mouth soil 14.82 73.09 1.14 1.07 3.96 0.88 1.18 0.1 3.5
Note: the oxide compound percentage composition of parent material shown in table 1 refers to that oxide compound accounts for the per-cent of parent material gross weight by weight.
An environmental protection entire body porcelain brick with natural granite characteristic, in porcelain brick, the relative weight per-cent of each chemical composition based on oxide compound gross weight meter is:
The thickness of porcelain brick is more than 1.6cm, and the raw material that porcelain brick is comprised of following weight percent prepares:
A preparation method with the environmental protection entire body porcelain brick of natural granite characteristic, comprises the following steps:
1) batching: adopt the method for mixing of high-altitude blanking type that raw material is mixed in mixer, obtain basestocks, standby; The composition of raw material and weight percent thereof are:
2) ball milling: the basestocks of gained in step 1) is mixed to water and carry out wet ball grinding, use aluminum oxide as ball-milling medium, the 40mm ballstone in ball mill: 50mm ballstone: the ratio of 60mm ballstone is respectively 3:5:2; Being milled to granularity is 0.2~0.5mm, and adjusting moisture content is 34~36%, obtains the slurry after ball milling; The fineness of the slurry making is that 0.063mm aperture sieve surplus is 2.0~3.0%, and flow rate of slurry is 30~60S, and the proportion of slurry is 1.70~1.74g/ml;
3) slurry powder process: by step 2) after ball milling sieves with 80~100 object screen clothes, remove coarse grain and impurity, put into octagonal suction pit old 10~14 hours, after old, proceed to transfer suction pit, adopt the powerful Quick-type paddle of three leaves to stir homogenizing, spraying is dry, obtains the powder after powder process, moisture content is 6.8~7.4%, and powder particles is distributed as:
4) moulding: the powder making in step 3) is pressed, and shaping speed is 4.0~4.5 beats/min, and forming pressure is 26000~28000KN, obtains blank, and blank specification is 600*600mm 2, sotck thinkness is 21.6~22.6mm, dried green strength is > 0.8MPa;
5) glaze slip preparation: potassium albite, kaolin, wollastonite, aluminum oxide, talcum, zinc oxide and calcium carbonate are mixed, sieve, adding water adjustment moisture content is 55~60%, make glaze slip, the fineness of glaze is that 0.045mm aperture sieve surplus is 0.4~0.5%, and the proportion of glaze is 1.38~1.41g/ml; The weight percent of the various components of glaze slip is:
After above-mentioned various composition mixes, the weight percent of chemical composition is:
6) glazing, stamp: the glaze slip that step 5) is made is used glaze spraying mode to carry out glazing, stamp in the blank surface of moulding, and glazing flow velocity is 13~15S, the weight of every 670*670mm area institute glazing slurry is 165~180g;
7) burn till: the blank after glazing, stamp is placed in to roller kiln and burns till, high temperature firing period is 100~110min, and high temperature firing temperature is 1170~1200 ℃, and soaking time is 6~14 minutes; Concrete calcining system is in Table 2:
Table 2 kiln sintering curve
Test point 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Upper temperature ℃ 930 960 995 1005 1000 1025 1030 1030 1035
Lower temperature ℃ 955 1015 1025 1025 1030 1030 1035 1035 1035
Test point 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Upper temperature ℃ 1040 1070 1125 1160 1188 1188 1188 1160 550
Lower temperature ℃ 1045 1050 1080 1095 1150 1188 1188 1188 1160
8) after kiln discharge, naturally cool to room temperature, make environmental protection entire body porcelain brick; The thickness of porcelain brick is more than 1.6cm, and in porcelain brick, the relative weight per-cent of each chemical composition based on oxide compound gross weight meter is:
The ceramic tile performance test methods that the present invention makes is as shown in table 3:
Table 3 performance test methods
The ceramic tile the performance test results that the present invention makes is as shown in table 4:
Table 4 the performance test results
Embodiment 1:
A preparation method with the environmental protection entire body porcelain brick of natural granite characteristic, comprises the following steps:
1) batching: adopt the method for mixing of high-altitude blanking type that raw material is mixed in mixer, obtain basestocks, standby; The composition of described raw material and weight percent thereof are: vanadium titanium waste residue 18%, middle temperature sand 18%, ripe burnt 16%, Hainan mud 6%, Wen Zushi 14%, potassium albite 15%, iron mouth soil 13%;
2) ball milling: the basestocks of gained in step 1) is mixed to water and carry out wet ball grinding, use aluminum oxide as ball-milling medium, the 40mm ballstone in ball mill: 50mm ballstone: the ratio of 60mm ballstone is respectively 3:5:2; Being milled to granularity is 0.2mm, and adjusting moisture content is 34%, obtains the slurry after ball milling; The fineness of the slurry making is that 0.063mm aperture sieve surplus is 3.0%, and flow rate of slurry is 30S, and the proportion of slurry is 1.70g/ml;
3) slurry powder process: by step 2) after ball milling sieves with 80 object screen clothes, remove coarse grain and impurity, put into octagonal suction pit old 10 hours, after old, proceed to transfer suction pit, adopt the powerful Quick-type paddle of three leaves to stir homogenizing, spraying is dry, obtains the powder after powder process, and moisture content is 6.8%;
4) moulding: the powder making in step 3) is pressed, and shaping speed is 4.0 beats/min, and forming pressure is 26000KN, obtains blank, and blank specification is 600*600mm 2, sotck thinkness is 21.6 mm, dried green strength is 0.9MPar;
5) glaze slip preparation: potassium albite, kaolin, wollastonite, aluminum oxide, talcum, zinc oxide and calcium carbonate are mixed, sieve, adding water adjustment moisture content is 60%, makes glaze slip, the fineness of glaze is that 0.045mm aperture sieve surplus is 0.5%, and the proportion of glaze is 1.41g/ml; The weight percent of the various components of glaze slip is: potassium albite 30%, kaolin 22%, wollastonite 8%, aluminum oxide 8%, talcum 6%, zinc oxide 6%, calcium carbonate 20%;
6) glazing, stamp: the glaze slip that step 5) is made is used glaze spraying mode to carry out glazing, stamp in the blank surface of moulding, and glazing flow velocity is 15S, every 670*670mm 2the weight of area institute glazing slurry is 180g;
7) burn till: the blank after glazing, stamp is placed in to roller kiln and burns till, according to the calcining system of table 2, high temperature firing period is 110min, and high temperature firing temperature is 1200 ℃, and soaking time is 14 minutes;
8) after kiln discharge, naturally cool to room temperature, make environmental protection entire body porcelain brick.
Embodiment 2:
A preparation method with the environmental protection entire body porcelain brick of natural granite characteristic, comprises the following steps:
1) batching: adopt the method for mixing of high-altitude blanking type that raw material is mixed in mixer, obtain basestocks, standby; The composition of described raw material and weight percent thereof are: vanadium titanium waste residue 23%, middle temperature sand 25%, ripe burnt 12%, Hainan mud 4%, Wen Zushi 8%, potassium albite 13%, iron mouth soil 15%;
2) ball milling: the basestocks of gained in step 1) is mixed to water and carry out wet ball grinding, use aluminum oxide as ball-milling medium, the 40mm ballstone in ball mill: 50mm ballstone: the ratio of 60mm ballstone is respectively 3:5:2; Being milled to granularity is 0.5mm, and adjusting moisture content is 36%, obtains the slurry after ball milling; The fineness of the slurry making is that 0.063mm aperture sieve surplus is 2.8%, and flow rate of slurry is 60S, and the proportion of slurry is 1.74g/ml;
3) slurry powder process: by step 2) after ball milling sieves with 100 object screen clothes, remove coarse grain and impurity, put into octagonal suction pit old 14 hours, after old, proceed to transfer suction pit, adopt the powerful Quick-type paddle of three leaves to stir homogenizing, spraying is dry, obtains the powder after powder process, and moisture content is 7.4%;
4) moulding: the powder making in step 3) is pressed, and shaping speed is 4.5 beats/min, and forming pressure is 28000KN, obtains blank, and blank specification is 600*600mm 2, sotck thinkness is 22.6mm, dried green strength is 0.8MPar;
5) glaze slip preparation: potassium albite, kaolin, wollastonite, aluminum oxide, talcum, zinc oxide and calcium carbonate are mixed, sieve, adding water adjustment moisture content is 58%, makes glaze slip, the fineness of glaze is that 0.045mm aperture sieve surplus is 0.45%, and the proportion of glaze is 1.38g/ml; The weight percent of the various components of glaze slip is: potassium albite 60%, kaolin 15%, wollastonite 5%, aluminum oxide 5%, talcum 2%, zinc oxide 3%, calcium carbonate 10%;
6) glazing, stamp: the glaze slip that step 5) is made is used glaze spraying mode to carry out glazing, stamp in the blank surface of moulding, and glazing flow velocity is 14S, every 670*670mm 2the weight of area institute glazing slurry is 175g;
7) burn till: the blank after glazing, stamp is placed in to roller kiln and burns till, according to the calcining system of table 2, high temperature firing period is 105min, and high temperature firing temperature is 1190 ℃, and soaking time is 10 minutes;
8) after kiln discharge, naturally cool to room temperature, make environmental protection entire body porcelain brick.
Embodiment 3:
A preparation method with the environmental protection entire body porcelain brick of natural granite characteristic, comprises the following steps:
1) batching: adopt the method for mixing of high-altitude blanking type that raw material is mixed in mixer, obtain basestocks, standby; The composition of described raw material and weight percent thereof are: vanadium titanium waste residue 20%, middle temperature sand 23%, ripe burnt 16%, Hainan mud 6%, Wen Zushi 12%, potassium albite 15%, iron mouth soil 8%;
2) ball milling: the basestocks of gained in step 1) is mixed to water and carry out wet ball grinding, use aluminum oxide as ball-milling medium, the 40mm ballstone in ball mill: 50mm ballstone: the ratio of 60mm ballstone is respectively 3:5:2; Being milled to granularity is 0.3mm, and adjusting moisture content is 35%, obtains the slurry after ball milling; The fineness of the slurry making is that 0.063mm aperture sieve surplus is 2.0%, and flow rate of slurry is 40S, and the proportion of slurry is 1.72g/ml;
3) slurry powder process: by step 2) after ball milling sieves with 100 object screen clothes, remove coarse grain and impurity, put into octagonal suction pit old 12 hours, after old, proceed to transfer suction pit, adopt the powerful Quick-type paddle of three leaves to stir homogenizing, spraying is dry, obtains the powder after powder process, and moisture content is 7.2%;
4) moulding: the powder making in step 3) is pressed, and shaping speed is 4.2 beats/min, and forming pressure is 27000KN, obtains blank, and blank specification is 600*600mm 2, sotck thinkness is 22.2mm, dried green strength is 0.9MPar;
5) glaze slip preparation: potassium albite, kaolin, wollastonite, aluminum oxide, talcum, zinc oxide and calcium carbonate are mixed, sieve, adding water adjustment moisture content is 55%, makes glaze slip, the fineness of glaze is that 0.045mm aperture sieve surplus is 0.4%, and the proportion of glaze is 1.38g/ml; The weight percent of the various components of glaze slip is: potassium albite 40%, kaolin 20%, wollastonite 10%, aluminum oxide 10%, talcum 4%, zinc oxide 4%, calcium carbonate 12%;
6) glazing, stamp: the glaze slip that step 5) is made is used glaze spraying mode to carry out glazing, stamp in the blank surface of moulding, and glazing flow velocity is 13S, every 670*670mm 2the weight of area institute glazing slurry is 165g;
7) burn till: the blank after glazing, stamp is placed in to roller kiln and burns till, according to the calcining system of table 2, high temperature firing period is 100min, and high temperature firing temperature is 1170 ℃, and soaking time is 6 minutes;
8) after kiln discharge, naturally cool to room temperature, make environmental protection entire body porcelain brick.
Above-mentioned embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; can not limit the scope of protection of the invention with this, the variation of any unsubstantiality that those skilled in the art does on basis of the present invention and replacement all belong to the present invention's scope required for protection.

Claims (7)

1. an environmental protection entire body porcelain brick with natural granite characteristic, is characterized in that: in described porcelain brick, the relative weight per-cent of each chemical composition based on oxide compound gross weight meter is:
The thickness of described porcelain brick is more than 1.6cm, and the raw material that described porcelain brick is comprised of following weight percent prepares:
2. a preparation method with the environmental protection entire body porcelain brick of natural granite characteristic, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
1) batching: adopt the method for mixing of high-altitude blanking type that raw material is mixed in mixer, obtain basestocks, standby;
2) ball milling: by step 1), the basestocks of gained mixes water and carries out wet ball grinding, uses aluminum oxide as ball-milling medium, and being milled to granularity is 0.2~0.5mm, and adjusting moisture content is 34~36%, obtains the slurry after ball milling;
3) slurry powder process: by step 2) after ball milling sieves with 80~100 object screen clothes, removes coarse grain and impurity, puts into suction pit old, after old, proceed to transfer suction pit, stir homogenizing, spraying is dry, obtain the powder after powder process, moisture content is 6.8~7.4%;
4) powder making moulding: by step 3) is pressed, and obtains blank;
5) glaze slip preparation: potassium albite, kaolin, wollastonite, aluminum oxide, talcum, zinc oxide and calcium carbonate are mixed, sieve, adding water adjustment moisture content is 55~60%, makes glaze slip;
6) glazing, stamp: by step 5) glaze slip that makes carries out glazing, stamp in the blank surface of moulding;
7) burn till: the blank after glazing, stamp is placed in to roller kiln and burns till;
8) after kiln discharge, naturally cool to room temperature, make environmental protection entire body porcelain brick; The thickness of described porcelain brick is more than 1.6cm, and in described porcelain brick, the relative weight per-cent of each chemical composition based on oxide compound gross weight meter is:
The composition of raw material step 1) and weight percent thereof are:
Described step 5) in, the weight percent of the various components of glaze slip is:
After above-mentioned various composition mixes, the weight percent of chemical composition is:
The fineness of glaze step 5) making is that 0.045mm aperture sieve surplus is 0.4~0.5%, and the proportion of glaze is 1.38~1.41g/ml
3. the preparation method of environmental protection entire body porcelain brick according to claim 2, is characterized in that: step 2) in 40mm ballstone in ball mill: 50mm ballstone: the ratio of 60mm ballstone is respectively 3:5:2; The fineness of the slurry making is that 0.063mm aperture sieve surplus is 2.0~3.0%, and flow rate of slurry is 30~60S, and the proportion of slurry is 1.70~1.74g/ml.
4. the preparation method of environmental protection entire body porcelain brick according to claim 2, is characterized in that: step 3) in octagonal suction pit old 10~14 hours, adopt the powerful Quick-type paddles of three leaves to stir homogenizing; The powder particles making is distributed as:
5. the preparation method of environmental protection entire body porcelain brick according to claim 2, is characterized in that: step 4) in shaping speed be 4.0~4.5 beats/min, forming pressure is 26000~28000KN; Blank specification is 600*600mm 2, sotck thinkness is 21.6~22.6mm, dried green strength is > 0.8MPa.
6. the preparation method of environmental protection entire body porcelain brick according to claim 2, is characterized in that: step 6) in use glaze spraying mode to carry out glazing, glazing flow velocity is 13~15S, every 670*670mm 2the weight of area institute glazing slurry is 165~180g.
7. the preparation method of environmental protection entire body porcelain brick according to claim 2, is characterized in that: step 7) in high temperature firing period be 100~110min, high temperature firing temperature is 1170~1200 ℃, soaking time is 6~14 minutes.
CN201310470606.7A 2012-12-05 2013-10-09 Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof CN103553579B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012105141083A CN102942355A (en) 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Black ceramic tile with thickness of 2 cm and preparation method of black ceramic tile
CN201210514108.3 2012-12-05
CN201310470606.7A CN103553579B (en) 2012-12-05 2013-10-09 Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310470606.7A CN103553579B (en) 2012-12-05 2013-10-09 Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103553579A CN103553579A (en) 2014-02-05
CN103553579B true CN103553579B (en) 2014-11-05

Family

ID=47725377

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012105141083A CN102942355A (en) 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Black ceramic tile with thickness of 2 cm and preparation method of black ceramic tile
CN201310470606.7A CN103553579B (en) 2012-12-05 2013-10-09 Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012105141083A CN102942355A (en) 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Black ceramic tile with thickness of 2 cm and preparation method of black ceramic tile

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (2) CN102942355A (en)

Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103193462B (en) * 2013-04-01 2014-04-30 武汉科技大学 Black ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
CN103880401B (en) * 2014-03-05 2015-07-08 云南省师宗金曲陶瓷有限公司 Method for manufacturing black polished brick by using waste vanadium-titanium slag
CN105669211A (en) * 2014-11-19 2016-06-15 无锡市德林环保工程有限公司 Lightweight glazed acid-resistant brick and preparation method thereof
CN104803711B (en) * 2015-04-13 2017-03-15 东莞市唯美装饰材料有限公司 A kind of Iron-ore Slag colorant for replacing base substrate black and preparation method thereof
CN104909545B (en) * 2015-05-12 2017-07-25 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 A kind of big specification artificial granite ceramic thin plate and preparation method thereof
CN105776863A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-07-20 佛山市三水新明珠建陶工业有限公司 Mild satin glaze and manufacturing method thereof
CN106007733A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 河源市东源鹰牌陶瓷有限公司 Preparation method of ceramic powder
CN106082972B (en) * 2016-05-28 2018-07-17 景德镇市鹏飞建陶有限责任公司 A kind of floor tile and its manufacturing method suitable for ground heater laying
CN106396626A (en) * 2016-09-09 2017-02-15 广西梧州市远方陶瓷有限公司 Preparation method of full-body ceramic external wall tile
CN106396621A (en) * 2016-09-09 2017-02-15 广西梧州市远方陶瓷有限公司 Manufacturing method for manufacturing artistic porcelain exterior wall tile
CN106431198A (en) * 2016-09-09 2017-02-22 广西梧州市远方陶瓷有限公司 Manufacturing method of glazed ceramic exterior wall tile
CN106396607A (en) * 2016-09-09 2017-02-15 广西梧州市远方陶瓷有限公司 Really-through ceramic tile preparation method
CN107935390A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-04-20 厦门万仟堂陶业有限公司 A kind of black iron glaze and preparation method thereof
CN109369166A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-02-22 淄博新金亿陶瓷科技有限公司 Imitative original stone ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
CN109608170A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-12 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of high-strength ceramic brick and preparation method thereof

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01264950A (en) * 1988-04-14 1989-10-23 Nippon Mining Co Ltd Production of building material such as tile
CN1064471A (en) * 1991-03-05 1992-09-16 山东省新材料研究所 Method for manufacturing black porcelain granite slab
CN1030189C (en) * 1991-05-30 1995-11-01 山东省新材料研究所 Method for prodn. of decorating board with vanadium-titanium black ceramic camber
CN1283592C (en) * 2001-10-30 2006-11-08 济南大学 Production process of glazed devitrified glass tile

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103553579A (en) 2014-02-05
CN102942355A (en) 2013-02-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103232229B (en) Ultra-wear-resistant alumina ceramic ball and preparation method thereof
CN105948503B (en) A kind of abrasion-resistant clear glaze and the method using its preparation glazed tile
CN103395995B (en) Production method for producing microcrystalline glass by using waste glass and smelting waste
CN106045563B (en) A kind of light blue pottery and its method for cooking
TWI353969B (en)
CN102826872B (en) Formula and preparation method of national flag bright red glazed brick
CN106518029B (en) A kind of marble Ceramic Tiles preparation method with metallic luster recess texture
CN103709830B (en) Colored glaze mixed negative ion ink for ink-jet printing on ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN100358839C (en) Ltigh crystalline structure iolite mullite kiln, kiln refractory product and calcining technology
CN103693942B (en) Low temperature and fast firing ceramic tile and production technique
KR101384251B1 (en) Glaze composition containing ashes of bean pod
US7579084B2 (en) Ceramic material, compositions and methods for manufacture thereof
CN105753448B (en) Low deformation glazed tile green body of a kind of ultralow temperature and preparation method thereof
CN103496954B (en) Process for manufacturing aluminum oxide ceramic nozzle
CN104926281B (en) A kind of preparation method of inexpensive ultrawhite ceramic tile
CN101386521B (en) Method for preparing environment friendly ceramic gaged brick by Yellow River sediment
CN107129150A (en) A kind of high abrasion glaze for glazed tile and preparation method thereof
US20090280975A1 (en) Ceramic material, compositions and methods for manufacture thereof
CN107032772B (en) A kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick and preparation method thereof
CN105776861B (en) A kind of bright red nanometer glaze slip of sanitary ceramics and its preparation method and application
CN100469733C (en) Polished brick in porcelain character, and fabricating technique
US6743383B2 (en) Process for the production of ceramic tiles
CN105000866A (en) Glazed tile prepared from sludge with mirror-effect surface and preparation method thereof
CN103555066B (en) Colored glaze mixed type ink for ceramic ink-jet printing and preparation method thereof
CN104119063A (en) Natural romantic charm antique-finished tile mainly composed of hearth slag and manufacture method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20140205

Assignee: Zibo Akadiya Ceramic Co., Ltd.

Assignor: FOSHAN VIEWGRES CO., LTD.

Contract record no.: 2016990000237

Denomination of invention: Environment-friendly full body porcelain brick having characteristic of natural granite, and preparation method thereof

Granted publication date: 20141105

License type: Common License

Record date: 20160614

LICC Enforcement, change and cancellation of record of contracts on the licence for exploitation of a patent or utility model