CN103553495B - A kind of rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick - Google Patents

A kind of rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103553495B
CN103553495B CN201310493487.7A CN201310493487A CN103553495B CN 103553495 B CN103553495 B CN 103553495B CN 201310493487 A CN201310493487 A CN 201310493487A CN 103553495 B CN103553495 B CN 103553495B
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China
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rapid
hardening
rubber stick
ornamental stone
strong rubber
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CN103553495A (en
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陈晓龙
郭锋
郭一锋
李光球
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SUZHOU GUSU NOVEL BUILDING MATERIALS CO Ltd
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SUZHOU GUSU NOVEL BUILDING MATERIALS CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick, this mortar is formed by cement, flyash, fine aggregate, silica flour, latex powder, cellulose ether, thixotropic agent, early strength agent, swelling agent, sustained release agent and hydrophober are compounding, and adding water to scale during construction is stirred until homogeneous.A kind of rapid-hardening ornamental stone of the present invention early strong rubber stick has the operable time of more than 30min, hangs 10min after-drawing adhesion strength and does not loses, and within 24 hours, tensile bond strength is more than 0.70Mpa;Achieving the tensile bond strength under the complex environments such as immersion, freeze thawing by rational proportion design and be more than 1.5Mpa, the tensile bond strength after heat ageing is not less than 1.1Mpa;Meanwhile, this adhesive early strongly tensile adhesion strength is good, and bulk strength is more than 30Mpa, have employed and the basic unit C30 same Intensity Design of level concrete.

Description

A kind of rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material technical field, be specifically related to a kind of speed for ornament materials bonding Solidifying type ornamental stone early strong rubber stick, rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick is for bonding applique surface material Bonding with by viscous matrix, bonding applique surface material have lithotome, natural boards, artificial stone, The decorative material material such as artificial board, environment stone material, ceramic product, tapestry brick, mosaic, are subject to Viscous matrix has building concrete body of wall, mattess, mortar wall surface, mortar ground, various Natural crystal material, lithotome, artificial decoration materials etc..
Background technology
Adhesive is the one for ornament materials with cement products basal plane, ornament materials and stone material Alite paste, is mainly made up of cement and fine sand.On the one hand, the existing cement-based adhesive of China is general Flow-through, there are the defects such as tensile bond strength (24h) in early days is low, construction is slow, weather resisteant difference;On the other hand, When having the adhesive of preferably in early days tensile bond strength (24h), have that setting time is short, operable time The deficiencies such as short, weatherability is poor.Therefore, along with the continuous lifting of architectural aesthetic sense, substantial amounts of decoration materials face Generation, it is common that maximization, the heavy ornament materials of resistance to impact, will make this decoration materials etc. be able to large area and make With, it is necessary to have one have operable time length, Early-age behavior good, can rapid construction, high temperature resistant, Freeze thawing resistance, the special adhesive of resistance to immersion.In a word, domestic existing cement-based adhesive exists The problems such as performance is slow, can not paste heavy large-scale decoration materials, weatherability is poor.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one and have stable under summer, winter, spring and autumn execution conditions Property retarding performance adhesive, meets the rapid hardening of 24 hours interior higher tensile bond strengths simultaneously Type ornamental stone early strong rubber stick.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick, it is characterised in that by weight percentage, including such as Lower component:
One of preferably, described cement is the one in sulphate aluminium cement and portland cement or several Kind.
As supplementary optimization, described cement is that what early-strength Portland cement of sulphate aluminium cement is multiple Water distribution mud, wherein, sulphate aluminium cement is numbered L-SAC42.5;Early-strength normal silicate Cement grade is P O52.5R.It is 0%~5% that L-SAC42.5 accounts for the mass percent of gross mass.
One of preferably, described flyash micro mist is that 45 μm square hole screen surpluses are less than or equal to I grade of 25.0% or II grade of flyash.
One of preferably, described fine aggregate is the grating quartz sand of 10~100 mesh;Wherein, 10-20 mesh accounts for 5%~15%, 20-40 mesh accounts for 25%~35%, 40-80 mesh 35%~45%, 80-100 Mesh accounts for 5%~20%.
As supplementary optimization, described fine aggregate is 10~100 mesh grating quartz sands, wherein, 10~40 Mesh accounts for 50%, 40~80 mesh and accounts for 40%, 80~100 mesh and account for 10%.
One of preferably, described silica flour is that specific surface area is not less than 50m2The active SiO of/g2
One of preferably, the vitrification point of described latex powder is not less than 0 DEG C.
Vitrification point as the described latex powder of supplementary optimization is not less than 6 DEG C.
One of preferably, the viscosity of described cellulose ether is 50000-200000mPa s.
As supplementary optimization, described cellulose ether be viscosity be 100000-200000mPa s's Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether.
One of preferably, described thixotropic agent is organobentonite, gas phase SiO2Or precipitation SiO2、 One or more in kaolin, cellulose and its derivates.
As supplementary optimization, described thixotropic agent is aerosil and bentonite mixing Thing, mass ratio is 1:2.
One of preferably, described early strength agent is chloride, sulfate, nitrate and nitrous acid One in salt, carbonate, triethanolamine and derivative thereof, triisopropanolamine, ethylene glycol or Several;
One of preferably, described swelling agent is that calcium oxide, aluminium calcium sulfate, alumina cement are ripe One or more in material, iron filings swelling agent, aluminium powder swelling agent.
One of preferably, described sustained release agent is the mixture of organic compound and dust diluent, Described organic compound accounts for the 60%~90% of sustained-release dosage, organic compound be tartaric acid and salt thereof, Citric acid and salt, taurine and salt thereof, malic acid, benzoic acid and salt thereof, salicylic acid and One or more in salt, monohydric alcohol and derivative thereof, polyalcohol and derivative thereof;Described powder Agent filler is in calcium carbonate powder, alumina powder jointed, breeze, silica flour, flyash, dicalcium powder One or more;
One of preferably, described hydrophober is redispersible silylation hydrophober.
Inventive principle:
Above-mentioned rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick is to be formed by the two big uniform mixs of component: component one, nothing The cement original washing powder material of machine mineral/chemical compound homogenizing;Component two, has the thin collection of particle diameter linear distribution feature Material.Present invention utilizes following technology:
1. micro-nano SiO2Powder interface is filled and modification technology.First, active nano SiO2Subparticle Particle size interval is 5nm~10 μm, can be filled into the hydrated mineral vestibule after cement powder aquation, free water is waved In the spaces such as the capillary left over after Faing, reduce and reduce the micropore in adhesive hardened paste, improve mortar Packing;Second, active nano SiO2The Ca (OH) generated with cement early hydration2Slurry penetrates into base together In the interface cavity of body and microcosmic vestibule, reaction generates calcium silicate crystals, it is achieved that the infiltration between interface is bonding With promotion aquation;3rd, active nano SiO2Meet after water with latex powder and be interweaved, thus realize rubber powder with The interfacial reaction type interactivity of cement is bonding, modified hydrated calcium silicate and the high intensity at bonding matrix interface Bonding and improve weatherability.
2. sustained release agent-hydrophober-cellulose ether hydridization delay technique.By slow release and the hydrophobic of sustained release agent The hydrophobicity of agent, when, after adhesive mix aquation, the dust diluent in sustained release agent acts on jointly with hydrophober Free water, forms the vapor-permeable type thin barrier film of free water, is collectively forming the water retention mingled with cellulose ether, Reduce the volatilization loss of free water.By the method closed by free water, increase the hydration time of complex cement, And then realize the prolongation of rapid-hardening cement material operable time.
The most non-same series cement is compounding designs fast hard technology.On the one hand, utilize hydridization delay technique delays sulphur The hydration rate of aluminate cement so that it is reach unanimity with the presetting period of portland cement;On the other hand, Participate in absorbing the calcium hydroxide that silicate cement hydration produces by flyash and silica flour, accelerate silicate water The curing rate of mud, it is achieved adhesive strength in early days.
Invention advantage:
Owing to technique scheme is used, the present invention compared with prior art has the advantage that
1) ornamental stone bonding in, with compounding cement for major gelled material raw material, aobvious Write the adhesive property improving cement base stone adhesive, make the fast rigid ornamental stone glue of rapid-hardening Stick achieves rapid construction, the effect of the strongest bonding;
2) slow setting after there is mix, start the feature that solidifies rapidly when condensing, can preferably use In engineer applied, it is simple to operation, when proportioning devises the operation of stone adhesive specially Between rather than rely on traditional cement initial set, final set self-characteristic;
3) this cement base stone adhesive can normal construction application in the winter time;
4) this cement base stone adhesive has excellent immersion tensile bond strength and freeze thawing follows Ring after-drawing adhesion strength, hangs 10min after-drawing adhesion strength and does not loses.
5) this cement base stone adhesive has superpower resistance to compression load-bearing capacity, and adhesive bulk resists Compressive Strength is more than 30Mpa, identical with the structural concrete C30 grade design load of building.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with preferred embodiment, technical scheme is further described.
Embodiment component proportion is shown in Table one:
Table one
In table one, all raw materials are commercially available prod entirely, the preparation method of above-described embodiment one, two It is: weigh various raw materials (except fine aggregate) by said ratio, mixes in mixer, stirring To nothing caking, add fine aggregate be stirred until homogeneous.
This is detected by regulation in standard GB/T 24264-2009 " ornamental stone adhesive " Bright properties of product, ratio of water to material is 0.20~0.25, specifically forces performance indications, other property Index can be shown in Table two:
Table two
As known from the above examples, the adhesive products stable performance under this formula and proportioning, stretching Bond effect is good, and indices all can meet national standard requirement.
It is pointed out that as described above is only in order to explain the preferred embodiments of the invention, be not intended to According to this present invention is made any restriction in form, therefore all have made under identical spirit relevant Any modification of the present invention or change, all must be included in the category that the invention is intended to protection.

Claims (6)

1. a rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick, it is characterised in that by weight percentage, including Following component:
Described cement is one or more in sulphate aluminium cement and portland cement;
Described silica flour is that specific surface area is not less than 50m2/g;
The viscosity of described cellulose ether is 50000-200000mPa s;
Described sustained release agent is the mixture of organic compound and dust diluent, and described organic compound accounts for The 60%~90% of sustained-release dosage, organic compound be tartaric acid and salt, citric acid and salt thereof, Taurine and salt, malic acid, benzoic acid and salt thereof, salicylic acid and salt thereof, monohydric alcohol and One or more in derivative, polyalcohol and derivative thereof;Described dust diluent is calcium carbonate One or more in powder, alumina powder jointed, breeze, dicalcium powder;Described hydrophober is can Redisperse silylation hydrophober.
Rapid-hardening ornamental stone the most according to claim 1 early strong rubber stick, it is characterised in that described Flyash micro mist is the 45 μm square hole screen surpluses, I grade or II grade of flyash less than or equal to 25.0%.
Rapid-hardening ornamental stone the most according to claim 1 early strong rubber stick, it is characterised in that described Fine aggregate is the grating quartz sand of 10~100 mesh;Wherein, 10-20 mesh account for 5%~15%, 20-40 Mesh accounts for 25%~35%, 40-80 mesh 35%~45%, 80-100 mesh account for 5%~20%.
Rapid-hardening ornamental stone the most according to claim 1 early strong rubber stick, it is characterised in that described The vitrification point of latex powder is not less than 0 DEG C.
Rapid-hardening ornamental stone the most according to claim 1 early strong rubber stick, it is characterised in that described Thixotropic agent is organobentonite, gas phase SiO2Or precipitation SiO2, kaolin, cellulose and spread out One or more in biology.
Rapid-hardening ornamental stone the most according to claim 1 early strong rubber stick, it is characterised in that described Early strength agent be chloride, sulfate, nitrate and nitrite, carbonate, triethanolamine and One or more in its derivative, triisopropanolamine, ethylene glycol;Described swelling agent is oxidation One in calcium, aluminium calcium sulfate, high aluminium cement clinker, iron filings swelling agent, aluminium powder swelling agent or Several.
CN201310493487.7A 2013-10-21 2013-10-21 A kind of rapid-hardening ornamental stone early strong rubber stick Active CN103553495B (en)

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CN104230264B (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-06-29 德清扬泰建筑材料有限公司 A kind of cement group water-proofing material and preparation method thereof
CN104230265B (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-06-15 德清扬泰建筑材料有限公司 A kind of plastering material of thin layer and preparation method thereof
CN104529342A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-04-22 德清扬泰建筑材料有限公司 Single-component brick material flexible waterproof back glue, preparation method and uses thereof
CN104591659B (en) * 2014-12-23 2017-10-31 武汉奥捷高新技术有限公司 A kind of bonding and the fast rigid mortar of joint filling for paster leatheroid brick
CN105731941A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-07-06 山东宝山瑞奥建材科技有限公司 Quick hardening sulfo-aluminate cement color decorative mortar
CN106277981B (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-09-14 山东汉诺宝嘉节能科技股份有限公司 A kind of ceramic tile adhesive quickly solidified
CN106396563A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-15 派丽(上海)管理有限公司 Artificial stone adhesive
CN106396578A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-15 北京首邦新材料有限公司 Inorganic polymer silica gel and method for preparing same
CN107023132B (en) * 2017-04-05 2019-01-11 深圳市澳建装饰有限公司 Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology
CN107935482A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-20 上海三瑞高分子材料股份有限公司 A kind of ceramic tile adhesive
CN108751777B (en) * 2018-06-12 2020-12-29 金华市欣生沸石开发有限公司 Temperature-inhibiting anti-cracking waterproof agent

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CN102898107A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-01-30 苏州市姑苏新型建材有限公司 Concrete healant

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CN1105960A (en) * 1994-01-29 1995-08-02 北京新型建筑材料总厂 Compound cement-base building binder

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102898107A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-01-30 苏州市姑苏新型建材有限公司 Concrete healant

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Inventor after: Chen Xiaolong

Inventor after: Guo Yifeng

Inventor after: Li Guangqiu

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Inventor after: Chen Xiaolong

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Address after: 215000 no.1979 Yinzhong South Road, Hedong Industrial Park, Wuzhong Economic Development Zone, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: SUZHOU GUSU NEW BUILDING MATERIAL Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 215132, Suzhou, Jiangsu province Huangqiao town Xiangcheng District Wang Fang Road

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