CN103551900A - Automatic cutter changing system for numerically-controlled machine tool - Google Patents

Automatic cutter changing system for numerically-controlled machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103551900A
CN103551900A CN201310570923.6A CN201310570923A CN103551900A CN 103551900 A CN103551900 A CN 103551900A CN 201310570923 A CN201310570923 A CN 201310570923A CN 103551900 A CN103551900 A CN 103551900A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter
image
module
image processing
processing module
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201310570923.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103551900B (en
Inventor
杨晓明
何志军
蓝春兴
沈曙辉
罗永新
钟桂陆
蒋茂军
陈国彬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUILIN ZHENGLING NO2 MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
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GUILIN ZHENGLING NO2 MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by GUILIN ZHENGLING NO2 MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd filed Critical GUILIN ZHENGLING NO2 MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310570923.6A priority Critical patent/CN103551900B/en
Publication of CN103551900A publication Critical patent/CN103551900A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103551900B publication Critical patent/CN103551900B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic cutter changing system for a numerically-controlled machine tool. The system comprises an image acquisition module, an image processing module and a cutter changing module which are sequentially connected, wherein the image acquisition module is used for shooting an image of a cutter on a machine tool main body and transmitting the image of the cutter to the image processing module; the image processing module is used for receiving the image of the cutter and judging whether the size of the cutter on the received cutter image reaches a scrap size; and the cutter changing module is used for receiving a cutter changing instruction and selecting the same cutter to replace the scrapped cutter so as to continue a machining process. The system is simple in structure, realizes monitoring of a running state of the cutter, and can automatically change the cutter according to the monitored cutter state when the numerically-controlled machine tool is in an unattended state; the machining precision of a workpiece is not influenced; the machining time is not waste; the machining efficiency is high; and the system is suitable for extensive application in the machining field.

Description

A kind of automatic tool changer for Digit Control Machine Tool
Technical field
The present invention relates to numerical control machine tool technique field, particularly a kind of automatic tool changer for Digit Control Machine Tool.
Background technology
In the application process of Digit Control Machine Tool; usually can relate to various cutter; cutter is in concrete use procedure; according to the difference of environment for use, operation parameter, service time; can cause cutter wearing and tearing in various degree; and the wearing and tearing of cutter can directly have influence on the precision of machining, the efficiency of processing and Business Economic Benefit.Especially when numerical control device is semi-closed state, outside equipment, operating personnel are difficult for observing the state of cutter, if cutter is at equipment process Fracture, even can jeopardize operating personnel's personal safety.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of automatic tool changer for Digit Control Machine Tool, solved in prior art, cutting tool state is difficult to monitoring, and Digit Control Machine Tool can not be changed in time according to the use state of cutter the technical problem of cutter when unmanned.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows: a kind of automatic tool changer for Digit Control Machine Tool, comprise the image capture module, image processing module and the cutter changing module that connect successively,
Described image capture module is arranged in machine tool main body, the image of fixing a cutting tool for taking described machine tool main body, and the image of described cutter is sent to described image processing module;
Described image processing module is for receiving the image of described cutter, and judges whether size that received cutter image is fixed a cutting tool reaches and scrap size, if reached, scraps size, sends cutter changing instruction to described cutter changing module;
Described cutter changing module is used for receiving described cutter changing instruction, and selects the cutter of scrapping described in identical cutter replacing to continue process; If cutter replacing success, becomes function signal to image processing module feedback cutter replacing; If cutter replacing failure, to image processing module feedback cutter replacing failure signal, and controls described Digit Control Machine Tool by the digital control system generation halt instruction to described Digit Control Machine Tool and quits work simultaneously.
On the basis of technique scheme, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, also comprise alarm module, described alarm module connects described image processing module, and the alarm signal sending for receiving described image processing module shows sound and light alarm information.
Further, described image capture module comprises camera and signal transmitter unit, and described camera is used for taking the image of cutter, and by described signal transmitter unit, the image of described cutter is sent to described image processing module.
Further, described image processing module comprises signal receiving unit, judging unit and record cell,
Described signal receiving unit is used for receiving the image of described cutter, and the image of described cutter is sent to described judging unit;
Described judging unit is for judging whether the cutter of received image reaches the predefined size of scrapping, and scraps size if reached, and sends cutter changing instruction to described cutter changing module, and the concurrent alarm signal of sending is to described alarm module;
The cutter replacing that described record cell is used for recording the time of described judging unit transmission cutter changing instruction and receive described cutter changing module feedback becomes the time of function signal or cutter replacing failure signal.
Further, described image capture module is fixed in machine tool main body by support.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: technical scheme of the present invention is simple in structure, realized the monitoring to cutter running status, and can automatically change cutter at Digit Control Machine Tool according to the cutting tool state monitoring during in unattended state, not only can not affect the machining accuracy of workpiece, and process time can not be wasted, working (machining) efficiency is high, is adapted at field of machining extensive use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, principle of the present invention and feature are described, example, only for explaining the present invention, is not intended to limit scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, be the automatic tool changer for Digit Control Machine Tool of the embodiment of the present invention, comprise image capture module 01, image processing module 02 and the cutter changing module 03 and the alarm module 04 that connect successively,
Described image capture module 01 is arranged in machine tool main body, the image of fixing a cutting tool for taking described machine tool main body, and the image of described cutter is sent to described image processing module 02.Preferably, the image capture module 01 in the present embodiment comprises camera 05 and signal transmitter unit 06, and described camera 05 is for taking the image of cutter, and by described signal transmitter unit 06, the image of described cutter is sent to described image processing module 02.Preferably, described image capture module 01 is fixed in machine tool main body by support.
Described image processing module 02 is for receiving the image of described cutter, and judges whether size that received cutter image is fixed a cutting tool reaches and scrap size, if reached, scraps size, sends cutter changing instruction to described cutter changing module 03.Preferably, the image processing module 02 in the present embodiment comprises signal receiving unit 07, judging unit 08 and record cell 09, and described signal receiving unit 07 is for receiving the image of described cutter, and the image of described cutter is sent to described judging unit 08; Described judging unit 08, for judging whether the cutter of received image reaches the predefined size of scrapping, and scraps size if reached, sends cutter changing instruction to described cutter changing module 03, and the concurrent alarm signal of sending is to described alarm module 04; Described record cell 09 becomes the time of function signal or cutter replacing failure signal for recording described judging unit 08 and send the time of cutter changing instruction and receive the cutter replacing of described cutter changing module 03 feedback.
Described cutter changing module 03 is for receiving described cutter changing instruction, and selects the cutter of scrapping described in identical cutter replacing to continue process; If cutter replacing success, becomes function signal to image processing module 02 feedback cutter replacing; If cutter replacing failure, to image processing module 02 feedback cutter replacing failure signal, and controls described Digit Control Machine Tool by the digital control system generation halt instruction to described Digit Control Machine Tool and quits work simultaneously.
Described alarm module 04 connects described image processing module 02, and the alarm signal sending for receiving described image processing module 02, shows sound and light alarm information.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. for an automatic tool changer for Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterized in that: comprise the image capture module, image processing module and the cutter changing module that connect successively,
Described image capture module is arranged in machine tool main body, the image of fixing a cutting tool for taking described machine tool main body, and the image of described cutter is sent to described image processing module;
Described image processing module is for receiving the image of described cutter, and judges whether size that received cutter image is fixed a cutting tool reaches and scrap size, if reached, scraps size, sends cutter changing instruction to described cutter changing module;
Described cutter changing module is used for receiving described cutter changing instruction, and selects the cutter of scrapping described in identical cutter replacing to continue process; If cutter replacing success, becomes function signal to image processing module feedback cutter replacing; If cutter replacing failure, to image processing module feedback cutter replacing failure signal, and controls described Digit Control Machine Tool by the digital control system generation halt instruction to described Digit Control Machine Tool and quits work simultaneously.
2. automatic tool changer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise alarm module, described alarm module connects described image processing module, and the alarm signal sending for receiving described image processing module shows sound and light alarm information.
3. automatic tool changer according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described image capture module comprises camera and signal transmitter unit, described camera is used for taking the image of cutter, and by described signal transmitter unit, the image of described cutter is sent to described image processing module.
4. automatic tool changer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described image processing module comprises signal receiving unit, judging unit and record cell,
Described signal receiving unit is used for receiving the image of described cutter, and the image of described cutter is sent to described judging unit;
Described judging unit is for judging whether the cutter of received image reaches the predefined size of scrapping, and scraps size if reached, and sends cutter changing instruction to described cutter changing module, and the concurrent alarm signal of sending is to described alarm module;
The cutter replacing that described record cell is used for recording the time of described judging unit transmission cutter changing instruction and receive described cutter changing module feedback becomes the time of function signal or cutter replacing failure signal.
5. automatic tool changer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described image capture module is fixed in machine tool main body by support.
CN201310570923.6A 2013-11-13 2013-11-13 A kind of automatic tool changer for Digit Control Machine Tool Expired - Fee Related CN103551900B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310570923.6A CN103551900B (en) 2013-11-13 2013-11-13 A kind of automatic tool changer for Digit Control Machine Tool

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CN103551900B CN103551900B (en) 2016-05-18

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104057342A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-09-24 芜湖瑞精机床有限责任公司 Cutter replacing control method and system suitable for disk type cutter magazine
TWI548958B (en) * 2015-07-20 2016-09-11 新代科技股份有限公司 Numeric Control System and Method of Tool Changing Function
CN106514436A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-03-22 昆山北钜机械有限公司 Cutting tool detecting system for misplaced or broken knife
CN107756139A (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-03-06 王智中 Cutting tool state detecting system and its method
CN112405058A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-02-26 马鞍山绿准数控科技有限公司 Automatic tool changing system of socket type numerical control machine tool
CN112658767A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-16 顾洋 Intelligent cutter control method and system based on mechanical machine tool

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EP0060638B1 (en) * 1981-03-16 1986-09-10 Kitamura Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha (Kitamura Machinery Co.,Ltd.) Automatic tool changing system for machine tools
US4806914A (en) * 1987-05-07 1989-02-21 General Electric Company Detection by automatic gain control features of gradual cutting tool breakage
JPH11156657A (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-06-15 Canon Inc Automatic tool selection device and automatic tool selection method
CN102073300A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-05-25 华中科技大学 Tool wear monitoring system capable of realizing self-learning in numerical control machining state
CN102087514A (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-06-08 宁波天瑞精工机械有限公司 Pneumatic control method and control device for automatically changing tools of numerical control machine tool
CN202144032U (en) * 2011-05-03 2012-02-15 西安理工大学 Visual detection device of tool wear state
CN102621926A (en) * 2012-03-16 2012-08-01 苏州汇川技术有限公司 Servo drive system and servo drive method for numerically controlled tool rest
CN103076763A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-05-01 山东拓维数控设备有限公司 Real-time detection system for state of cutting tool of numerical control machine tool
CN103128583A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-06-05 上海维宏电子科技股份有限公司 Automatic cutter changing control achievement method based on cutter disk cutter numbers of tool magazine in numerical control system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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EP0060638B1 (en) * 1981-03-16 1986-09-10 Kitamura Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha (Kitamura Machinery Co.,Ltd.) Automatic tool changing system for machine tools
US4497029A (en) * 1981-04-15 1985-01-29 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Numerical control device
US4806914A (en) * 1987-05-07 1989-02-21 General Electric Company Detection by automatic gain control features of gradual cutting tool breakage
JPH11156657A (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-06-15 Canon Inc Automatic tool selection device and automatic tool selection method
CN102087514A (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-06-08 宁波天瑞精工机械有限公司 Pneumatic control method and control device for automatically changing tools of numerical control machine tool
CN102073300A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-05-25 华中科技大学 Tool wear monitoring system capable of realizing self-learning in numerical control machining state
CN202144032U (en) * 2011-05-03 2012-02-15 西安理工大学 Visual detection device of tool wear state
CN102621926A (en) * 2012-03-16 2012-08-01 苏州汇川技术有限公司 Servo drive system and servo drive method for numerically controlled tool rest
CN103076763A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-05-01 山东拓维数控设备有限公司 Real-time detection system for state of cutting tool of numerical control machine tool
CN103128583A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-06-05 上海维宏电子科技股份有限公司 Automatic cutter changing control achievement method based on cutter disk cutter numbers of tool magazine in numerical control system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104057342A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-09-24 芜湖瑞精机床有限责任公司 Cutter replacing control method and system suitable for disk type cutter magazine
TWI548958B (en) * 2015-07-20 2016-09-11 新代科技股份有限公司 Numeric Control System and Method of Tool Changing Function
CN107756139A (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-03-06 王智中 Cutting tool state detecting system and its method
CN106514436A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-03-22 昆山北钜机械有限公司 Cutting tool detecting system for misplaced or broken knife
CN112405058A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-02-26 马鞍山绿准数控科技有限公司 Automatic tool changing system of socket type numerical control machine tool
CN112658767A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-16 顾洋 Intelligent cutter control method and system based on mechanical machine tool

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