CN103551881A - Mechanical automatic rotation clamp - Google Patents

Mechanical automatic rotation clamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103551881A
CN103551881A CN201310580841.XA CN201310580841A CN103551881A CN 103551881 A CN103551881 A CN 103551881A CN 201310580841 A CN201310580841 A CN 201310580841A CN 103551881 A CN103551881 A CN 103551881A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamp
limited block
oil cylinder
fixture
board
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310580841.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋明安
王小龙
孙洁
马洪涛
李维军
麻辉
李志博
同彦恒
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningxia Juneng Robot System Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningxia Juneng Robot System Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningxia Juneng Robot System Co Ltd filed Critical Ningxia Juneng Robot System Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310580841.XA priority Critical patent/CN103551881A/en
Publication of CN103551881A publication Critical patent/CN103551881A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/04Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part adjustable in inclination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated

Abstract

The invention relates to a mechanical automatic rotation clamp which can be used as a clamp unit in a machine tool processing unit for realizing functions of clamping, fixing and positioning, indexing conversion, and the like of workpieces. The clamp is characterized by comprising a clamp bottom plate (1), wherein an oil cylinder (4), as well as a bracket (3), is mounted on the clamp bottom plate (1); a clamp hinge rack (7) is mounted on the bracket (3) and is hinged to the back of a clamp body (2), the back of the clamp body (2) is further hinged to the top end of a piston rod of the oil cylinder (4), so that the clamp body (2) can rotate under the driving of the piston rod; a first limited block (5) is mounted on the clamp bottom plate (1) and a second limited block (6) is mounted on the bracket (3). The clamp provided by the invention can adjust the angle automatically to meet the space processing requirement of a common machine tool, improves the processing efficiency, ensures the machining precision, and is low in cost.

Description

Mechanical type automatic rotary fixture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of mechanical type automatic rotary fixture, thus can be for realize the functions such as clamping, stationary positioned and calibration conversion of workpiece in machine tooling unit as fixture unit.
Background technology
In modern mechanical processing industry, Space processing and required precision progressively improve, and now the main processing scheme utilizing has: the processing of multistation stationary fixture, manually dividing head fixture, four axle clamp tools, with the machining center of calibration.These processing scheme pros and cons are analyzed.
For example multistation stationary fixture processing: clamping times pair, human factor should be first large, and still cost is low on working (machining) efficiency ground, is convenient to realize.Manual dividing head fixture: reduced clamping times, improved operating efficiency, but machining accuracy is relatively low, can not meet high-precision processing request.Four axle clamp tools: improved machining accuracy and the performance that realizes able to programme, also improved working (machining) efficiency, but cost has been very high, delivery date is long.Machining center with calibration: cost is high, delivery date is long.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of mechanical type automatic rotary fixture, can automatically adjust angle, realize the Space processing demand of machine tool.
A kind of mechanical type automatic rotary fixture, its special feature is: comprise clamp bottom board, on this clamp bottom board, oil cylinder is installed, support is also installed on this clamp bottom board, fixture hinge mount is installed on this support, the back side of this fixture hinge mount and a clamp body is hinged, and the back side of this clamp body is also hinged with the piston rod top of aforementioned oil cylinder, thereby can promote clamp body by piston rod, rotates; The first limited block is installed on clamp bottom board, and the second limited block is installed on support, thereby can carry out spacing to the rotation of clamp body.
Wherein oil cylinder is hinged on oil cylinder hinge mount, and this oil cylinder hinge mount is arranged on clamp bottom board.
Wherein the piston rod of oil cylinder and the angle between clamp bottom board are 5 ° to 30 °.
The 3rd limited block and the 4th limited block are wherein detachably installed on clamp bottom board.
Two fixture limited blocks are wherein installed in the front of clamp body, thereby can coordinate and carry out spacing to clamp body with the 3rd limited block and the 4th limited block.
Wherein at the other clamp locating pin that is provided with of one, the front of clamp body fixture limited block.
Wherein in the front of clamp body, at least one clamping cylinder is installed.
The invention provides a kind of mechanical type automatic rotary fixture, this fixture can be adjusted angle automatically, realizes the Space processing demand of machine tool, improves working (machining) efficiency, guarantee machining accuracy, and cost is low simultaneously, is easy to realize.The present invention is in common vertical machining centre, meet the multi-faceted Space processing demand of a plurality of angles of a part, in the situation that do not use efficiency is low, precision is low multi-station clamp or manually indexing fixture and the high four axle clamp tools of cost or with calibration machining center, realize easily and meet processing request, thereby improving machining accuracy and working (machining) efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is schematic diagram of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is structural representation of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Mechanical type automatic rotary fixture of the present invention adopts hinge support, and oil cylinder 4 promotes rotatable clamp body 2, provides clamp body 2 rotation required power and coupling mechanism force.Required different angles are by regulating the mode of each position block (limited block) to realize, and the angle of block locating surface is made according to the angle of part to be processed.Clamp body 2 is positioned at different limited blocks, just can meet the process requirements of work piece different angles.
As shown in Figure 1, its design principle is: utilize linkage, realize the rotation of fixed angle X, realize the location of all angles simultaneously by limited block.
As shown in Figure 2, the present invention is a kind of mechanical type automatic rotary fixture, comprise clamp bottom board 1, on this clamp bottom board 1, oil cylinder 4 is installed, on this clamp bottom board 1, support 3 is also installed, on this support 3, fixture hinge mount 7 is installed, the back side of this fixture hinge mount 7 and a clamp body 2 is hinged, and the back side of this clamp body 2 is also hinged with the piston rod top of aforementioned oil cylinder 4, thereby can promote clamp body 2 rotations by piston rod; The first limited block 5 is installed on clamp bottom board 1, and the second limited block 6 is installed on support 3, thereby can carry out spacing to the rotation of clamp body 2.
Wherein oil cylinder 4 is hingedly mounted on oil cylinder hinge mount 8, specifically between oil cylinder 4 and oil cylinder hinge mount 8, be connected through the hinge, and the action that when piston of oil cylinder 4 stretches out or regains, oil cylinder 4 rotations are stretched out and regained with fitting piston.And this oil cylinder hinge mount 8 is fixedly mounted on clamp bottom board 1.Angle between the piston rod of oil cylinder 4 and clamp bottom board 1 is between 5 °-30 °.
The 3rd limited block 9 and the 4th limited block 10 are wherein also installed on clamp bottom board 1, the 3rd limited block 9 is limited in same position by fixture together with the 4th limited block 10 being, can increase according to actual needs and change, if actual, use and do not need, can remove this spacing, if need, can suitably adjust increase, the installation of also can shifting one's position.And two fixture limited blocks 12 are installed in the front of clamp body 2, thereby can coordinate and carry out spacing to clamp body 2 with the 3rd limited block 9 and the 4th limited block 10.
Wherein, at the other clamp locating pin 13 that is provided with of a fixture limited block 12, this alignment pin 13 is for concrete processing work positioning action, with the 3rd limited block without matching relationship.At least one clamping cylinder 11 is installed in the front of clamp body 2 in addition.
Using method of the present invention is:
Utilize oil cylinder 4 as power source, oil cylinder 4 is installed by oil cylinder hinge mount 8, when the piston rod of oil cylinder 4 is regained, clamp body 2 is around 7 rotations of fixture hinge mount, when clamp body 2 contacts with the first limited block 5, form spacing, clamp body 2 is kept vertically namely in 0 ° of state, when the piston rod of oil cylinder 4 stretches out, clamp body 2 is around 7 rotations of fixture hinge mount, when clamp body 2 contacts with the second limited block 6, form spacingly, make clamp body 2 maintenance levels namely in 90 ° of states, realize 0 ° with the conversion of 90 °.
While realizing the rotation of other angles, by changing the installation site of the first limited block 5, the second limited block 6, the 3rd limited block 9 and/or the 4th limited block 10, can realize the process requirements that needs the conversion of angle to meet different workpieces.
By lathe signal controlling magnetic valve, make oil cylinder 4 actions, can complete automatic rotary function.

Claims (7)

1. a mechanical type automatic rotary fixture, it is characterized in that: comprise clamp bottom board (1), oil cylinder (4) is installed on this clamp bottom board (1), support (3) is also installed on this clamp bottom board (1), fixture hinge mount (7) is installed on this support (3), this fixture hinge mount (7) is hinged with the back side of a clamp body (2), and the back side of this clamp body (2) is also hinged with the piston rod top of aforementioned oil cylinder (4), thereby can promote clamp body (2) rotation by piston rod; The first limited block (5) is installed on clamp bottom board (1), and the second limited block (6) is installed on support (3), thereby can carry out spacing to the rotation of clamp body (2).
2. mechanical type automatic rotary fixture as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: wherein oil cylinder (4) is hinged on oil cylinder hinge mount (8) above, and this oil cylinder hinge mount (8) is arranged on clamp bottom board (1).
3. mechanical type automatic rotary fixture as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: wherein the angle between the piston rod of oil cylinder (4) and clamp bottom board (1) is 5 ° to 30 °.
4. the mechanical type automatic rotary fixture as described in any one in claims 1 to 3, is characterized in that: the 3rd limited block (9) and the 4th limited block (10) are wherein detachably installed on clamp bottom board (1).
5. mechanical type automatic rotary fixture as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: wherein in the front of clamp body (2), two fixture limited blocks (12) are installed, thereby can coordinate and carry out spacing to clamp body (2) with the 3rd limited block (9) and the 4th limited block (10).
6. mechanical type automatic rotary fixture as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: wherein on the fixture limited block in front (12) side of clamp body (2), clamp locating pin (13) is installed.
7. mechanical type automatic rotary fixture as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: wherein in the front of clamp body (2), at least one clamping cylinder (11) is installed.
CN201310580841.XA 2013-11-19 2013-11-19 Mechanical automatic rotation clamp Pending CN103551881A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310580841.XA CN103551881A (en) 2013-11-19 2013-11-19 Mechanical automatic rotation clamp

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310580841.XA CN103551881A (en) 2013-11-19 2013-11-19 Mechanical automatic rotation clamp

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103551881A true CN103551881A (en) 2014-02-05

Family

ID=50006318

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310580841.XA Pending CN103551881A (en) 2013-11-19 2013-11-19 Mechanical automatic rotation clamp

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103551881A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103831651A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-04 杭州钰友精密机械有限公司 Fixture for machining crankcase oblique oil hole
CN104889871A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-09 遵义洪棣机械设备制造有限公司 Angle adjustable angle-iron cutting device
CN104924124A (en) * 2014-03-19 2015-09-23 宁波神丰汽车部件有限公司 Clutch master cylinder body oil inlet hole tapping drill clamp

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62130126A (en) * 1985-11-27 1987-06-12 Ex Cell O Corp Electrochemical processing method and device thereof
CN102029418A (en) * 2009-09-26 2011-04-27 蒋泽军 Steel plate edge milling machine with inclination adjusting device
CN102328217A (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-01-25 王吴光 Special clamp of inclined-hole parts
CN202240548U (en) * 2011-08-08 2012-05-30 南车成都机车车辆有限公司 Machining device for oil holes in rolling stock wheel core
CN203542119U (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-04-16 宁夏巨能机器人系统有限公司 Mechanical automatic rotary fixture

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62130126A (en) * 1985-11-27 1987-06-12 Ex Cell O Corp Electrochemical processing method and device thereof
CN102029418A (en) * 2009-09-26 2011-04-27 蒋泽军 Steel plate edge milling machine with inclination adjusting device
CN202240548U (en) * 2011-08-08 2012-05-30 南车成都机车车辆有限公司 Machining device for oil holes in rolling stock wheel core
CN102328217A (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-01-25 王吴光 Special clamp of inclined-hole parts
CN203542119U (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-04-16 宁夏巨能机器人系统有限公司 Mechanical automatic rotary fixture

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104924124A (en) * 2014-03-19 2015-09-23 宁波神丰汽车部件有限公司 Clutch master cylinder body oil inlet hole tapping drill clamp
CN103831651A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-04 杭州钰友精密机械有限公司 Fixture for machining crankcase oblique oil hole
CN103831651B (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-07-06 杭州钰友精密机械有限公司 A kind of fixture for machining crankshafts case inclined oil hole of air
CN104889871A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-09 遵义洪棣机械设备制造有限公司 Angle adjustable angle-iron cutting device

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Application publication date: 20140205