CN103550039B - A multifunctional automatic nursing bed - Google Patents

A multifunctional automatic nursing bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103550039B
CN103550039B CN201310318515.1A CN201310318515A CN103550039B CN 103550039 B CN103550039 B CN 103550039B CN 201310318515 A CN201310318515 A CN 201310318515A CN 103550039 B CN103550039 B CN 103550039B
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China
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rear
front
bracket
shaft
cross member
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CN201310318515.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103550039A (en
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王金磊
马世爱
尹爱斌
朱明谦
王兆太
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朱明谦
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种多功能自动护理床,其床架上设有前端横梁、中前部横梁、中后部横梁、两纵梁及支撑腿,中前部横梁和前端横梁之间设有两个前部托架,两前部托架的前部分别铰接在前部横托板上,中前部横梁和中后部横梁之间设有两个后部托架,两后部托架的前部分别连接在中前部横梁上,两后部托架的后部分别铰接后部托板上,前后对应的前部托架和后部托架铰接,中后部横梁后侧连接有曲腿托架以及曲腿驱动机构,床架上装有翻身驱动机构,床架上还装有起身提臀驱动机构。 The present invention discloses a multifunctional automatic nursing bed, which bed frame is provided on the front end cross member is provided between the two front cross member, the rear cross beam, two longitudinal beams and the supporting legs, the front cross member and a front end cross member a front bracket, the front portion of the front portions of the two hinge brackets are respectively front horizontal portion on the pallet, the carriage is provided with two rear cross member between the front portion and the rear cross member, two rear brackets front portions are connected to the front portion of the cross member, two rear brackets, respectively a rear hinged rear pallet, corresponding to the front bracket and the rear portion of the front hinge bracket, the rear cross member is connected to the rear portion curved leg bracket and curved legs drive mechanism, the drive mechanism with a stand on the bed frame, bed frame is also equipped with up hip drive mechanism. 本发明具有自助排便、方便病人做曲腿运动、便于病人起身运动和进食等多种功能,大大降低了陪护人员的工作量和劳动强度。 The present invention has self-defecation, curved legs convenient for patients to do exercise, the patient to facilitate the movement up and feeding a plurality of functions, greatly reducing the workload and labor intensity of nursing staff.

Description

一种多功能自动护理床 A multifunctional automatic nursing bed

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种多功能自动护理床。 [0001] The present invention relates to an automatic multifunctional nursing beds.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 为照顾长期卧床且大小便不能自理的患者,现使用具有自助接便功能的接便床。 [0002] for the care of bedridden patients and urine can not take care of themselves, then they are now using a self-service functions will take the bed. 在专利号为200810237851.2的中国发明专利文件中公开了一种卧床病人自助排便床,其公开了通过丝杠、丝母的驱动机构并通过扇形齿轮、齿条等结构实现了便桶的升降,从而不再需要移动病人即可实现病人的排便,当卧床病人需要坐起活动或进食时,通过驱动机构驱动前部托架翻转,前部托架托起病人的后背使病人坐起,由于使用该床的病人的身体大多失去自主功能,病人在坐起时身体会沿床体向腿部方向移动,从而导致病人身体下滑,病人的屁股部位远离便桶位置,因而造成病人的身体移位,需要陪护人员对其进行重新摆正,增加了陪护人员的工作量和劳动强度。 Discloses an ambulatory patient self defecation bed in China Patent No. 200810237851.2 Patent documents invention, the drive mechanism which discloses a screw, nut and the sector gear, rack and so achieve a lifting structure toilet so as not to longer necessary to move the patient to achieve the patient's bowel when the patient needs to sit up in bed or eating activities, driven by a drive mechanism reversing the front bracket, the front bracket hold back the patient so that the patient sit up, the use of the most of the patient's bed, the body loses autonomic functions, the patient's body will be moved in the direction of the legs when sitting up in bed, leading to decline in the patient's body, away from the bottom part of the patient commode position, resulting in displacement of the patient's body, we need to accompany staff be re-straightened, increased workload and labor intensity of nursing staff.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种方便病人进行自助排便且起身时能防止病人身体下滑的多功能自动护理床。 [0003] The present invention to solve the technical problem is to provide a convenient patient to prevent the patient's body fell multi-functional automatic self-care beds when defecation and up.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,所提供的多功能自动护理床包括铺设有床板、床垫的床架,床架的前部装有前部托架,床架、床板及床垫上对应设有接便孔,床架上还装有托架及便塞托,托架上滑动连接有便桶,床架上还装有驱动托架与便塞托联动且驱动便桶升降的接便驱动机构,其结构特点是:床架上设有位于前部的前端横梁、位于中前部的中前部横梁、位于中后部的中后部横梁、两纵梁及支撑腿,中前部横梁和前端横梁之间设有横向排布且横向相向伸出端交叉设置的两个前部托架,两前部托架的前部分别铰接在叠放在前端横梁上的前部横托板上,中前部横梁和中后部横梁之间设有横向排布且横向相向伸出端交叉设置的两个后部托架,两后部托架的前部分别通过铰接转动机构连接在中前部横梁上,两后部托架的后部分别铰接在叠放在中后部横梁上的 [0004] To solve the above problems, there is provided an automatic multifunctional nursing beds comprise laying deck, mattress bed frame, with a corresponding portion provided on a front portion of the front bracket, the bed frame, a mattress and a mattress bedstead then there will be holes also equipped with a bed frame, and will Grosseto bracket, the upper bracket slidably connected to a commode, the bed frame is also equipped with the drive carriage and the drive linkage will Grosseto toilet elevating mechanism drives the contact, the structure is characterized: the front cross member provided at the front portion of the bed frame, located in the front portion of the front portion of the cross member, the cross member at the rear of the rear portion of the two stringers and support legs, and the front end of the front cross member is provided between the transverse beams and arranged laterally opposing two intersecting front end portion disposed projecting bracket, the front part of the front two hinge bracket respectively stacked on the front end portion of the front transverse beam pallets, in is provided between the front and rear cross beams are arranged laterally extending and laterally opposing two ends of the rear cross bracket provided, the front portions of the two rear brackets are connected by a cross member in the front portion of hinging mechanism , the two rear brackets are articulated at the rear portion superposed on the rear cross member 部托板上,前后对应的前部托架和后部托架铰接,中后部横梁后侧连接有曲腿托架以及驱动曲腿托架摆动的曲腿驱动机构,床架上装有驱动同侧的前部托架和后部托架同时沿铰接部翻转的翻身驱动机构,床架上还装有同时驱动两前部托架和两后部托架沿横向轴翻转的起身提臀驱动机构。 The pallet portion, the front portion of the corresponding front bracket and a rear bracket hinge, the rear cross member rear portion curved legs connected to the drive carriage and a drive mechanism curved legs bent leg swing carriage, with the same drive bedstead a front bracket and a rear bracket side of the hinge portion while turning a drive mechanism of the flip, the bed frame is also equipped with two simultaneously driven two front bracket and the rear bracket along the transverse axis of the hip flipped up drive mechanism along .

[0005] 采用上述结构后,通过接便驱动机构便塞托堵住接便孔或远离接便孔,从而使病人进行自助排便,当病人需要起身活动或进食时,通过起身提臀驱动机构使前部托架翻转起的同时后部托架也向上翻转,后部托架的翻转可有效防止病人臀部的下滑,即有效防止了病人的身体下滑,使病人身体不会产生滑移,当病人需要再躺下时,病人的位置不会产生移动,因而不再需要陪护人员辅助病人进行纠正位置,大大降低了陪护人员的劳动强度,有利于病人舒适的进行起身活动或进食;并且通过曲腿驱动机构驱动曲腿托架摆动来辅助病人做曲腿运动,有利于病人的腿部康复和活动。 [0005] With the above configuration, the drive mechanism will then they will contact hole Grosseto block away from the ground or a hole will be such that the self-bowel patients, when the patient needs to get up or eating activities, rose hip passing through the driving mechanism flip the bracket from the front portion of the rear bracket while also turn-up, flipping the rear bracket can be effectively prevented decline hip patients, i.e., to effectively prevent the decline in the patient's body, so that the patient's body will not slip when the patient when the need to lie down, the patient's position will not move, eliminating the need for auxiliary nursing staff to correct the position of the patient, greatly reduce the labor intensity of nursing staff is conducive to patient comfort were up activities or eating; and by curved legs drive mechanism curved legs swinging bracket to assist patients to make curved legs movement, and rehabilitation activities in favor of the patient's leg. 综上所述,本发明具有自助排便、方便病人做曲腿运动、便于病人起身运动和进食等多种功能,大大降低了陪护人员的工作量和劳动强度。 In summary, the present invention has a self-defecation, curved legs convenient for patients to do exercise, the patient to facilitate the movement up and feeding a plurality of functions, greatly reducing the workload and labor intensity of nursing staff.

[0006] 所述起身提臀驱动机构包括转动连接在两纵梁之间且横向设置的起身转轴,所述起身转轴由起身动力装置驱动其转动,起身转轴上装有向前伸出且托起前部横托板的起身支架,中后部横梁上转动连接有提臀铰轴,提臀铰轴上套装有提臀拐臂,提臀拐臂的一支臂与起身转轴通过联动杆铰接,提臀拐臂的另一支臂上装有顶靠在后部托板上的顶靠轮。 [0006] The drive mechanism includes a rotating rose hip and connecting up shaft disposed transversely between two longitudinal beams, the up shaft driven by the power up means which rotates with the rotation shaft projecting forwardly up and hold the front up lateral portion of the pallet holder, rotatably connected to the rear cross beam in hip hinge shaft, the hinge shaft sleeved hip hip crank arm, a crank arm and hip-up shaft by a linkage lever hinged arm, mention another hip support arm equipped crank arm bears against the rear wheel against the top of the pallet.

[0007] 所述起身动力装置包括铰接在中前部横梁上的起身提臀拐臂,其中一纵梁上铰接有可横向摆动的起身提臀套筒,起身提臀套筒内转动连接有由起身动力机构驱动的起身提臀螺母,起身提臀螺母内螺接有向床内伸出的起身提臀螺杆,起身提臀螺杆与起身提臀拐臂的一支臂铰接,起身提臀拐臂的另一支臂通过拉动杆与起身转轴上的连杆铰接。 [0007] The power up means comprises a hinged up on the hip portion of the front cross member of the crank arm, wherein the hinge has a longitudinal beam laterally pivotable up sleeve hip, hip-up rotation of the inner sleeve is connected by a up mechanism driven power nut up hip, hip up the nut is screwed up hip screw extending into the bed, up to the hip screw up a hip hinge arm crank arm, the crank arm rose hip another link articulated arm by pulling up on the lever shaft.

[0008] 铰接转动机构包括转动连接在后部托架内伸端上的转动管,转动管的外伸端部通过铰轴铰装在中前部横梁上。 [0008] The hinging mechanism includes a rotating bracket rotatably connected in the rear end of the extension tube, the outer tube is rotated by a hinge shaft extended end portion pivotally mounted on a front portion of the cross member.

[0009] 所述翻身驱动机构包括铰接在中前部横梁和中后部横梁上且纵向设置的翻身铰轴,翻身铰轴上分别固接有向横向两侧伸出且在翻身铰轴转动时同时托起前后同侧的前部托架和后部托架的翻身驱动架,其中一纵梁上铰接有可竖向摆动的翻身套筒,翻身套筒内转动连接有由翻身动力机构驱动的翻身螺母,翻身螺母内螺接有向床内伸出的翻身螺杆,翻身螺杆的内伸端与翻身铰轴上固接的下伸支杆铰接。 When [0009] The drive mechanism includes a turning stand hinge shaft articulated on the front and rear portions of the cross and longitudinal beams provided, respectively, turning on a hinge shaft fixed to the overhang and the hinge shaft is rotated in the lateral sides of the stand while the front and rear hold the front bracket and the rear bracket ipsilateral turning drive carriage in which a longitudinal beam is hinged on a vertically swingable sleeve turn, turn rotatably driven by the inner sleeve is connected to a power turning means turn the nut, turning the screw nut is connected with the turning of the screw extending inside the bed, turning over the extended end of the screw and the stand hinge struts extending hinge axis at the fixed contact. 通过翻身电动推杆推动驱动架横向滑动,向一侧滑动时,倾斜边框靠向该侧的翻身拐臂下伸端,使该侧的纵向托杆升起,从而托起翻身托架,实现病人向一侧翻身;同理向另一侧滑动时,可实现病人的向另一侧翻身,只需控制一个翻身电动推杆即可驱动两侧翻身,因而结构简单实用。 Transverse slide drive frame, turning the slide to one side by pushing an electric push rod, inclined toward the border of the side stand extended end of the crank arm at the longitudinal side of the catcher rod rises to turn hold the bracket, the patient achieved stand to one side; Similarly when slid to the other side, the patient can be achieved to the other side stand, a turning motor control simply push rod to stand on both sides of the drive, so the structure is simple and practical.

[0010] 共设置两个前后铰接的曲腿托架,前部的曲腿托架铰接在中后部横梁上,所述曲腿驱动机构包括转动连接在床架下部且由曲腿动力装置驱动转动的曲腿轴,曲腿轴上固接有用于支撑两曲腿托架底部的曲腿支架,曲腿支架具有自前往后设置的平直段和向下倾斜的倾斜段,前部的曲腿托架上固接有下伸导向架,下伸导向架上设有供曲腿支架伸入且进行限位的导向槽,床架后部的两支撑腿之间装有承托后部的曲腿支架的后部横梁。 [0010] were provided before and after the two curved legs hinged bracket, the bracket hinge curved legs in the front portion of the rear cross beam, said driving mechanism comprises a rotating curved legs connected to the lower bed frame and a power driven by curved legs curved legs axis of rotation, curved legs fixed to the shaft of the bottom bracket for supporting the legs of the two curved leg, the leg having a bent section inclined straight section and disposed to downwardly from the rear, the front curved portion affixed with the upper leg bracket extending guide frame, the guide frame is provided for extending curved leg and extends into a guide groove for limiting, with two support legs supporting the rear between the rear portion of the bed frame curved rear leg beams.

[0011] 所述曲腿动力装置包括铰接在床架上的曲腿拐臂,其中一纵梁上铰接有可横向摆动的曲腿套筒,曲腿套筒内转动连接有由曲腿动力机构驱动的曲腿螺母,曲腿螺母内螺接有向床内伸出的曲腿螺杆,曲腿螺杆与曲腿拐臂的一支臂铰接,曲腿拐臂的另一支臂通过拉杆与曲腿轴上的支杆铰接。 The [0011] power means comprises a hinged curved legs bent leg on the bed frame crank arm, wherein the curved legs articulated on the sleeve weaving a stringer, rotation of the inner sleeve is connected by a curved leg power mechanism curved legs the drive nut curved legs, the curved legs nut screw is screwed curved legs extending into the bed, with curved legs screw curved legs of a crank arm articulated arm, curved legs of the crank arm and the other arm by a curved rod hinged leg strut axis.

[0012] 所述接便驱动机构包括转动安装在床架下部且由接便动力装置驱动的驱动轴,驱动轴上装有联动的便塞托摆臂与驱动连杆,所述便塞托连接在便塞托摆臂的伸出端,所述托架与驱动连杆之间铰接有连接杆,托架上转动安装有提升轴,提升轴上固装有摇臂,所述连接杆铰接在摇臂上,提升轴上安装有驱动便桶升降的升降支架,提升轴一端部固装有挡板,挡板具有与提升轴横截面同心的外圆弧面,床架下部安装有供挡板滑动的滑道,外圆弧面的弦长等于滑道的宽度,滑道的上部设有供挡板的外圆弧面转出的限位槽,该限位槽位于接便孔的下方。 [0012] The connection mechanism comprises a rotatably drives the bed frame mounted on the lower and then ground by a power unit for driving the drive shaft with a drive shaft linked with the drive link will Grosseto arm, connected to the toilet Grosseto Grosseto then extended end of the swing arm, articulated connecting rods between the carriage and a driving link rotatably mounted on the lifting shaft carriage, lifting axis solid with the swing arm, the connecting rod is articulated rocker arm, lift the lifting bracket is attached to the drive shaft commode lifting, lifting shaft provided with one end fixed baffles having a cross section of the lift shaft concentric outer arcuate surface, a lower portion of the bed frame is mounted for sliding shutter chute, the outer arcuate surface of the chord length equal to the width of the chute, the chute is provided with an upper surface of the outer arcuate turn baffle for a limiting groove, the limiting slot is located below the contact hole will be.

[0013] 所述接便动力装置包括铰接在其中一纵梁上且可竖向摆动的接便套筒,接便套筒内转动连接有由接便动力机构驱动的接便驱动螺母,接便驱动螺母内螺接有向床内伸出的接便驱动螺杆,接便驱动螺杆与驱动轴上的接便支杆铰接。 [0013] The power means will then comprise a longitudinal beam which is hinged on a vertical pivot and can then access sleeve, and then it is connected to the inner sleeve is rotated by a driving mechanism of the power connection will then drives the nut, then it the drive nut is screwed to the projecting bed will contact the drive screw, then drives the drive shaft connected to the screw and will strut hinge.

[0014] 作为本发明的进一步改进,所述便桶包括下筒体和前端铰接在下筒体侧壁上的上托盘,便桶上转动连接有驱动上托盘翻转的翻动架,翻动架具有伸出便桶前部的倾斜段,床架上装有便桶升起堵住接便孔时驱动倾斜段的翻转挡块,当便桶由驱动机构驱动升起堵住接便孔时,倾斜段与翻转挡块相抵,从而驱动翻动架翻转,使上托盘后端升起,有利于形成倾斜的接便角度,防止病人便液散出污染床体及床垫;所述便桶的前部设有通孔,床架上滑动连接有由供水电动推杆驱动的喷水管,喷水管前端的上部设有多个喷水孔,喷水管的水平位置与便桶升起堵住接便孔时通孔的位置相适应,喷水管与安装在床架上的自动供水栗的出水管连接,当便桶由驱动机构驱动升起堵住接便孔时,喷水管由供水电动推杆驱动伸入便桶内,排便结束后,通过自动供水栗打压 [0014] As a further improvement of the invention, the commode comprises a tray on the lower sidewall of the lower cylinder and the barrel front end is hinged rotatably connected to the drive frame on the tray inverted flip toilet, commode turning frame having a front projecting inclined section portion, a toilet is equipped with a bed frame is raised when the flip stop block connected to the drive aperture so inclined section, when driven by a drive mechanism raising commode block will contact hole, and the reverse inclined section against the stopper, thereby frame inversion driving flip the rear end of the tray is raised, it facilitates the formation of contact angle is inclined, the patient will prevent liquid contamination shed bed and mattress; the front of the closet is provided with a through hole, sliding bed frame a push rod connected to the electric drive water spray pipe, the upper portion of the front end of the spray pipe is provided with a plurality of spray holes, the horizontal position of the spray pipe connected to the toilet block will be raised position through holes adapted holes, water supply pipe and the outlet pipe connection is automatically mounted on the bed frame Li when driven by a drive mechanism raising commode block will contact hole, the spray pipe extends into the push rod by the electric drive water tub will, after the end of defecation by automatic pressure water chestnut 供水,喷水管向病人的排便器官上喷水进行水洗,从而保证了病人排便后的清洁,减小了陪护人员的工作量和工作难度。 Water supply, water pipes and washed with water to spray on the bowel organs of a patient, thus ensuring clean after a bowel movement of patients, reduce the workload and difficulty of the work of nursing staff.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 下面结合附图对本发明作进一步的说明: [0015] DRAWINGS The present invention is further described:

[0016] 图1为本发明的结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;

[0017] 图2为沿图1中AA线剖视后去掉便桶支架的示意图; [0017] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the toilet bowl along line AA stent after removing a cross-sectional view;

[0018] 图3为便塞托打开、便桶堵住接便孔的示意图; [0018] FIG. 3 is a Grosseto will open, then they hole commode schematic block;

[0019] 图4为起身提臀驱动机构与床架的结构示意图; [0019] FIG. 4 is a hip-up drive mechanism and a schematic structure of the bed frame;

[0020] 图5为图4中去掉床架后B向的示意图; [0020] FIG. 5 is a schematic rear direction B in FIG. 4 bed frame removed;

[0021] 图6为图5中C向的示意图; [0021] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of FIG. 5 to C;

[0022] 图7为床架俯视的结构示意图; [0022] FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a top view of the bed frame;

[0023] 图8为床架的横截面上翻身驱动机构与床架的结构示意图; A drive mechanism structural diagram of cross section of the bed frame and [0023] FIG. 8 is a bedstead of the stand;

[0024] 图9为曲腿托架与曲腿驱动机构的结构示意图; [0024] FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the bracket with curved legs bent leg drive mechanism;

[0025] 图10为图9中去掉床架后D向的示意图; [0025] FIG. 10 is a schematic view D in FIG. 9 after the bed frame removed;

[0026] 图11为曲腿驱动机构驱动曲腿托架翻转时一种状态的示意图; [0026] FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of a state in which the bracket legs bent curved legs inverted driving mechanism;

[0027] 图12为曲腿驱动机构驱动曲腿托架翻转时另一种状态的示意图; [0027] FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of another state in which the carriage drive mechanism inversion curved legs curved legs;

[0028] 图13为便桶升起后的结构示意图。 [0028] FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the raised toilet bowl.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0029] 如附图所示的自助排便床,其包括床架1,为方便描述,以床头、床尾方向为纵向,靠近床头的为前端,如图1和图7所示,床架1上设有位于前部的前端横梁101、位于中前部的中前部横梁102、位于中后部的中后部横梁103、两纵梁104及支撑腿105,每一支撑腿105底部分别装有带锁定的行走轮,中前部横梁102和前端横梁101之间设有横向排布且横向相向伸出端交叉设置的两个前部托架12,两前部托架12的前部分别铰接在叠放在前端横梁101上的前部横托板106上,中前部横梁102和中后部横梁103之间设有横向排布且横向相向伸出端交叉设置的两个后部托架14,两后部托架14的前部分别通过铰接转动机构连接在中前部横梁102上,两后部托架14的后部分别铰接在叠放在中后部横梁103上的后部托板107上,前后对应的前部托架12和后部托架14铰接,两前部托架12以及后部托架1 [0029] Self defecation bed as shown in the drawings, comprises a bedstead 1 which, for the convenience of description, in the bed, a longitudinal direction end of the bed, near the distal end of the bed, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 7, the bed frame 1 is provided at the front portion of the front cross member 101, positioned in the front portion of the cross member 102 at the front, at the rear of the crossbar 103 in the rear portion, two longitudinal beams 104 and the support leg 105, bottom support leg 105, respectively each traveling wheels fitted with lock, is provided between the front portion 102 and the distal cross beams 101 arranged transversely and laterally opposing two intersecting front end portion projecting bracket 12 is provided, two front bracket 12 of the front portion respectively hinged in front of the front end portion is superposed on a cross-beam 101 on the pallet 106, is provided between the front portion and the rear beam 102 are arranged in the transverse beam 103 and extending laterally toward the rear ends of two intersecting set bracket 14, the front portions of the two rear brackets 14 are respectively connected to the front portion of the cross member 102 by the hinge mechanism is rotated, the rear bracket 14 of the rear two superposed on the rear portion of the rear cross beam 103 are respectively hinged pallet portion 107, the front bracket and the rear portion 12 corresponding to the front and rear hinge bracket 14, two brackets 12 and the rear portion of the front bracket 1 4左右对称设置两个且相向伸出端交叉设置,该交叉部大致占床宽的三分之一,交叉设置的好处在于使患者翻身范围更大;床架1上设有位于中后部横梁后侧的两个依次铰接的曲腿托架13,最前侧的曲腿托架13前端铰接在中后部横梁103上。 4 and symmetrically arranged around two opposing projecting ends disposed intersecting, substantially occupy the cross section of the third bed width, provided that the benefits of cross-patient turn over a wider range; bed frame 1 is provided at the rear of the cross member sequentially two rear bracket 13 hinged curved legs, curved legs most front side bracket 13 is hinged on the rear of the front end of the cross beam 103. 中后部横梁103后侧连接有曲腿托架13以及驱动曲腿托架13摆动的曲腿驱动机构,床架I上装有驱动同侧的前部托架12和后部托架14同时沿铰接部翻转的翻身驱动机构,床架I上还装有同时驱动两前部托架12和两后部托架14沿横向轴翻转的起身提臀驱动机构,通过采用上述方式的床架结构,可采用一层托架即前部托架、后部托架以及曲腿托架,通过各自动力机构的驱动即可实现患者的翻身、起身提臀以及曲腿,因而大大简化了床架的结构,降低了成本,使其结构更加优化合理。 The rear cross member 103 is connected to the rear leg bracket 13 and the curved legs bent curved legs carriage drive mechanism 13 swing, with the front portion of the carriage drive on the same side of the bed frame and the rear bracket 14 I 12 simultaneously in turning a drive mechanism flip hinge portion, bed frame I is also equipped with two simultaneously driven two front bracket 12 and rear bracket 14 flipped up in the lateral hip axis driving mechanism, by using the above-described embodiment of the bed frame structure, i.e., the front portion can be a layer of the carrier bracket, a bracket and a rear bracket curved legs, each of the power by the driving mechanism can be realized patient stand, up curved legs and hips, thus greatly simplifying the structure of the bed frame reduce costs, optimize its structure is more reasonable.

[0030] 如图4、图5和图6所示,起身提臀驱动机构包括转动连接在两纵梁104之间且横向设置的起身转轴24,所述起身转轴24由起身动力装置驱动其转动,起身转轴24上装有向前伸出且托起前部横托板106的起身支架11,中后部横梁103上转动连接有提臀铰轴21,提臀铰轴21上套装有提臀拐臂22,提臀拐臂22的一支臂与起身转轴通过联动杆18铰接,提臀拐臂22的另一支臂上装有顶靠在后部托板107上的顶靠轮27。 As shown in [0030] Figures 4, 5 and 6, the drive mechanism includes a rose hip rotatably connected and disposed transversely between the two longitudinal beams 104 up shaft 24, the shaft 24 drives rotation up by the power up means , up the shaft 24 with the front portion projecting forwardly and hold up the cross bracket 106 of the pallet 11, rotation of the hip is connected to the hinge shaft 21 on the rear portion of the cross member 103, the hinge shaft 21 hip hip sleeved Shui arm 22, a hip crank arm 22 and the arm 18 is hinged up through the linkage lever shaft, the other hip support arm crank arm 22 fitted on the top against the top 107 of the rear wheel 27 on the pallet. 起身动力装置包括铰接在中前部横梁102上的起身提臀拐臂20,其中一纵梁104上铰接有可横向摆动的起身提臀套筒19,即纵梁104上固接固定套筒,起身提臀套筒19通过竖直设置的铰轴铰接在固定套筒内,起身提臀套筒内转动连接有由起身动力机构驱动的起身提臀螺母23,起身提臀螺母内螺接有向床内伸出的起身提臀螺杆28,起身提臀螺杆28与起身提臀拐臂20的一支臂铰接,起身提臀拐臂20的另一支臂通过拉动杆46与起身转轴24上的连杆铰接,该起身提臀拐臂20由两块同样结构的三角形板通过固定柱连接而成,其三角形板的一个顶点部位通过铰轴铰装在中前部横梁102上,其余两个顶点作为其支臂的伸出端,即起身提臀螺杆28和起身支架11分别通过铰轴铰接在两三角形板之间,该两处铰接处为三角形的两个顶点部位,这种结构的起身提臀拐臂的好处在于可以最大 Power up means comprises a hinged up on the front portion of the hip beam 102 crank arm 20, which is hinged on a side frame 104 may be laterally pivotable up hip sleeve 19, i.e. the side member 104 fixed to the fixed sleeve, rose hip hinge sleeve 19 by a hinge shaft disposed vertically within a fixed sleeve, rose hip rotation of the inner sleeve is connected to a power up mechanism is driven by the nut 23 up hip, the rose hip is screwed to the nut rose hip screw extending inside the bed 28, up an arm hinged hip screw hip crank arm 20 up 28 up hip crank arm 20 the other arm of the lever 46 by pulling up on the shaft 24 articulated link, the hip-up crank arm 20 to rest two vertices connected by two triangular plates similar structure formed by the fixed column, a vertex of the triangular plate portion which is pivotally mounted by a hinge shaft portion in the front beam 102, as the projecting end of its arms, i.e. up hip screw 28 and the bracket 11 are respectively got through articulated hinge shaft between the two triangular plates, the two hinge portions at the two vertices of the triangle, up to mention such structures benefits hip crank arm that can maximize 度的提高拐臂的运行角度,采用上述螺母螺杆或滚珠丝杠的动力驱动的好处在于,静音效果好且驱动精确,也便于维修和安装,当通过起身动力机构驱动起身提臀螺母23转动时,该起身动力机构可以为驱动起身提臀螺母23转动的扳手、摇把或驱动电机等动力工具,起身提臀螺杆28伸出或缩回,从而驱动起身提臀拐臂20转动,通过连杆驱动起身转轴24转动,起身支架11托起两前部托架12,完成起身动作的同时,在联动杆18的联动作用下,提臀拐臂22转动,通过顶靠轮27定位后部托架14的后部,使后部托架14的后部稍微上翘,实现提臀动作,有效防止病人在起身的同时身体下滑,后部托板107上还装有竖向滑动连接在中后部横梁103上的滑动板,从而可以保证后部托板107随后部托架14升起时的左右限位。 Increase of the operation angle of the crank arm, using a screw or a nut of the ball screw powered benefit of the above is that the drive and quiet good accuracy, but also facilitates maintenance and installation, when rotated by the driving mechanism up and power up hip nut 23:00 the power up the drive mechanism may be up to hip nut wrench tool 23 is rotated, the roll drive motor, or the like, rose hip screw 28 to extend or retract, thereby driving the rotation of the hip-up crank arm 20 by the link up drive shaft 24 is rotated, bracket 11 is lifted up while the two front bracket 12, up to complete the operation, under the action of the linkage of the linkage rod 18, crank arm 22 rotates hip, through the top 27 is positioned against the rear wheel carrier the rear portion 14, the rear bracket 14 is slightly upturned rear portion, to achieve hip operation, effectively prevent the decline in the patient's body to get up at the same time, it is also equipped with vertically slidably connected to the rear portion on the rear pallet 107 slide plate 103 on the cross member, thereby ensuring the rear left and right limit of the pallet 107 when the bracket 14 is then raised. 上述铰接转动机构包括转动连接在后部托架14内伸端上的转动管45,转动管45的外伸端部通过铰轴铰装在中前部横梁102上,设置该铰接转动机构的好处在于,可以使该前部托架和后部托架应用于下面将要描述的翻身功能,翻身与起身提臀时不会产生干涉,不再需要单独设置翻身托架。 Said hinge mechanism comprises a rotation bracket rotatably connected to the rotation of the inner tube 14 extends at the rear end 45, rotation of the outer tube 45 through the extended end portion of the benefits of the hinge shaft pivotally mounted in the front portion of the cross member 102, is provided in the hinging means that may cause the front bracket and the rear bracket applied to the following function will be described in turn, stand up when no interference with hip, and no longer requires a separate stand bracket. 当然该铰接转动机构也可以采用其他类似结构,其目的是实现保证后部托架能侧部翻起且保证后部稍微上翘一定角度。 Of course, the hinging means may be employed other similar structures, the purpose can be achieved that the rear side of the bracket and the turnup portion so that the rear angle bend slightly.

[0031 ] 如图7和图8所示,翻身驱动机构包括铰接在中前部横梁102和中后部横梁103上且纵向设置的翻身铰轴29,翻身铰轴29上分别固接有向横向两侧伸出且在翻身铰轴转动时同时托起前后同侧的前部托架12和后部托架14的翻身驱动架31,其中一纵梁104上铰接有可竖向摆动的翻身套筒30,即纵梁104上固接有固定套筒,翻身套筒20通过水平设置的铰轴铰装在固定套筒中,翻身套筒30内转动连接有由翻身动力机构驱动的翻身螺母32,翻身螺母32内螺接有向床内伸出的翻身螺杆33,翻身螺杆33的内伸端与翻身铰轴29上固接的下伸支杆铰接。 [0031] As shown in FIGS. 7 and, turning the drive mechanism includes a hinge shaft hinged on the stand in the front portion and the rear beam 102 and the cross member 103 disposed longitudinally 29, 29 turning on the hinge shaft 8 are fixed laterally directed and simultaneously hold both sides of the projecting portion of the front bracket before and after turning the same side in the rotation shaft 12 and a rear hinge bracket 14 turning the drive carriage 31, which is hinged on a side frame 104 may be vertically pivotable turning sleeve cylinder 30, i.e., on the side member 104 fixed to the fixed sleeve, the hinge shaft sleeve 20 by a horizontal turning joint is provided mounted in a fixed sleeve, the inner sleeve 30 is rotatably connected with a turning nut is driven by a turning mechanism 32 turning the power , turning nut 32 is screwed to the turning of the screw 33 extending within the bed, turning over the extended end of the screw 33 and turning the hinge shaft 29 extending struts articulated on the fixed contact.

[0032] 如图1、图7、图9、图10、图11和图12所示,共设置两个前后铰接的曲腿托架13,前部的曲腿托架13铰接在中后部横梁104上,所述曲腿驱动机构包括转动连接在床架1下部且由曲腿动力装置驱动转动的曲腿轴25,曲腿轴25上固接有用于支撑两曲腿托架13底部的曲腿支架26,曲腿支架26具有自前往后设置的平直段和向下倾斜的倾斜段,前部的曲腿托架13上固接有下伸导向架53,下伸导向架53上设有供曲腿支架伸入且进行限位的导向槽,该导向槽可以为通孔槽,也可以如图10所示,通过上下安装在下伸导向架53上的导向轴承围成,即两导向轴承之间的空间为上述导向槽,床架1后部的两支撑腿105之间装有承托后部的曲腿支架13的后部横梁108。 [0032] 1, 7, 9, 10, 11 and 12, were disposed before and after the two curved legs hinged bracket 13, the front portion of the curved leg bracket 13 is hinged in the rear on the beam 104, the curved leg drive mechanism includes a rotatable shaft connected to the lower curved legs and the bed frame 1 by the curved legs 25 of the power means for driving the rotation, the curved legs 25 have a fixed shaft for supporting the bottom of the two legs of the bracket 13 curved leg 26, 26 has a straight leg bent section and disposed to the rear from the downwardly inclined section, the front portion of the curved legs 13 fixed to the carriage guide frame 53 has a lower extension, a lower frame 53 extending guide is provided for the leg extending into curved guide grooves and limit the position, the guide groove may be a through-hole slots, as shown in FIG 10, the lower guide extending through the guide body 53 on the upper and lower bearings installed surrounded, i.e., two the space between the guide bearing of the guide grooves, with curved rear supporting leg 13 of the rear cross member 108 supported between two legs 105 of the rear bed frame 1. 所述曲腿动力装置包括铰接在床架1上的曲腿拐臂34,其中一纵梁104上铰接有可横向摆动的曲腿套筒35,即纵梁104上固接固定套筒,曲腿套筒35通过竖直设置的铰轴铰接在固定套筒内,曲腿套筒35内转动连接有由曲腿动力机构驱动的曲腿螺母36,该曲腿动力机构可以为驱动曲腿螺母36转动的扳手、摇把或驱动电机等动力工具,曲腿螺母36内螺接有向床内伸出的曲腿螺杆37,曲腿螺杆37与曲腿拐臂34的一支臂铰接,曲腿拐臂34的另一支臂通过拉杆47与曲腿轴25上的支杆铰接,上述曲腿拐臂34与起身提臀拐臂20的结构基本相同,也由两块同样结构的三角形板通过固定柱连接而成,其三角形板的一个顶点部位通过铰轴铰装在床架1上,其余两个顶点作为其支臂的伸出端,即曲腿螺杆37和上述拉杆47分别通过铰轴铰接在两三角形板之间,该两处铰接处为三角形的两个顶点 Said power means comprises a bent leg curved legs hinged on the crank arm 34 of a bed frame, which is hinged on a side frame 104 may be laterally pivotable curved legs sleeve 35, i.e., the fixed sleeve is fixed to the side member 104, curved hinge shaft sleeve 35 by a vertical hinge leg disposed within a fixed sleeve, the inner sleeve 35 rotates curved legs connected by a curved leg bent leg power driven nut mechanism 36, the curved legs power drive mechanism may be curved legs nut rotating the wrench 36, the driving motor crank or other power tools, curved legs nut 36 is screwed to the curved legs projecting screw bed 37, the screw 37 and the curved legs bent legs a crank arm 34 of the hinge arm, curved leg crank arm 34 via a further lever arm 47 and rod 25 hinged on the leg shaft the crank arm 34 and the curved legs rose hip crank arm structure 20 is substantially the same, but also by the configuration of two triangular plates similar connected to each other through a fixed column, a vertex of the triangular plate portion which is pivotally mounted by a hinge shaft on a bed frame 1, the remaining two vertices as its projecting end of the arm, i.e. curved legs and said tie rod screw 37 by a hinge 47, respectively, articulation axis between two triangular plates, two hinge at the two vertices of the triangle 位,通过曲腿动力机构驱动曲腿螺母36转动,曲腿螺杆37伸出或缩回,通过拉杆47与曲腿轴25上的支杆拉动作用驱使曲腿轴25转动,曲腿支架26的动作使两个曲腿托架13弯曲,出现图10、图11和图12中的三种状态,以方便病人做腿部屈伸运动,有利于病人康复。 Position, rotation of the drive mechanism powered by curved legs curved legs nut 36, curved legs 37 extend or retract the screw, the rotation shaft 25 by the curved legs 47 pulling the lever 25 with the strut legs effect driven shaft, a curved leg 26 operation of the two curved legs bent bracket 13, appears in FIG. 10, three states in FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, in order to facilitate the patient doing leg flexion and extension, is conducive to patient recovery.

[0033] 如图1、图2、图3和图8中所示,床架1、床板及床垫上对应设有接便孔10,床架1上还装有托架3及便塞托8,托架3上滑动连接有便桶9,床架1上还装有驱动托架与便塞托8联动且驱动便桶9升降的接便驱动机构,接便驱动机构包括转动安装在床架1下部一侧且由动力装置驱动的驱动轴4,驱动轴4纵向设置且通过第一中前部横梁102和中后部横梁103下部的轴承座安装,该接便动力装置包括铰接在其中一纵梁104上且可竖向摆动的接便套筒38,接便套筒38内转动连接有由接便动力机构驱动的接便驱动螺母39,接便驱动螺母39内螺接有向床内伸出的接便驱动螺杆40,接便驱动螺杆40与驱动轴4上的接便支杆铰接。 [0033] As shown in FIG 1, FIG 2, shown in FIGS. 3 and 8, the bed frame 1, corresponding to the upper deck and the mattress will be provided with access holes 10, the bed frame 1 and the bracket 3 will be further equipped Grosseto 8, the carriage 3 slidably connected commode 9, further equipped with a bed frame 1 and then drives the carriage drive toilet Grosseto 8 and 9 in conjunction then drives the lifting mechanism, then it includes a drive mechanism rotatably mounted to the bed frame 1 a lower side of the power unit and driven by a drive shaft 4, the drive shaft 4 and is provided by a first longitudinal portion in the front rear cross member 102 and a lower cross member 103 is mounted to the bearing housing, so that the power connection means comprises a longitudinal hinge in which and the beam 104 will be vertically pivotable connection sleeve 38, rotation of the sleeve will then have a contact connector 38 will be connected to a power drive mechanism drives the nut 39, then drives the nut 39 is screwed into the bed extending the drive screw 40 will access, and then drives the screw shaft 40 will be connected to the strut 4 is hinged. 驱动轴4上装有便塞托摆臂5,便塞托摆臂5上固装有可封堵接便孔10的便塞托8,床架1上还滑动连接有横向滑动的托架3,床架1的底部装有两条横向平行设置的托架滑道49,托架3的顶部转动安装有沿托架滑道49滚动的滚轮50,托架3中插装有便桶支架51,该便桶支架51可自托架3中拖出,便桶9竖向滑动安装在便桶支架51内,上述驱动轴4上还固接有驱动连杆6,托架3上铰装有连接杆7,连接杆7的另一端与驱动连杆6铰接。 The drive shaft 4 with it Grosseto arm 5, the arm 5 will Grosseto solid block may be provided with access holes 10 would then Grosseto 8, further slidably connected transverse sliding carriage 3 on the bed frame 1, carriage with two transverse slide disposed parallel to the bottom 49 of the bed frame 1, the top 3 of the bracket 49 is rotated in the rolling slide bracket attached to roller 50, the bracket 3 is inserted in the bracket 51 with a toilet, the commode stent 51 may be pulled out from the bracket 3, 9 commode toilet vertically slidably mounted in bracket 51, on the drive shaft 4 is also fixed to a driving rod 6, the rod 7 is connected with the hinge bracket 3, are connected the other end of the rod 6 is hinged to the drive link 7.

[0034] 如图2和图7所示,托架3的前部下方转动连接有纵向设置的提升轴2,提升轴2上固装有摇臂16,连接杆7铰接在摇臂16上,提升轴2与床架1之间设有使提升轴2前行后转动、转动后后退的平移旋转转换机构,该平移旋转转换机构包括固装在提升轴2的一端部的挡板17,床架1下部安装有供挡板17滑动的滑道15。 [0034] As shown in FIGS. 2 and 7, the lower portion of the front bracket 3 is rotatably connected to the lift shaft 2 disposed longitudinally, lifting shaft 16 is fixedly arranged on the rocker arm 2, the connecting rod 7 is hinged to the rocker arm 16, lifting bed frame 1 and the shaft 2 is provided between the lifting shaft 2 is rotated forward after the translation means after rotation conversion rotated backward, the rotation conversion mechanism includes a translation is secured to the flap end portion of the lifting shaft 17 2, bed a lower frame 1 is mounted for sliding the shutter 17 of the chute 15. 如图8和图9所示,挡板17可呈扇形,也可以为其他形状,挡板17具有与提升轴2横截面同心的外圆弧面,挡板17的外圆弧面朝向远离接便孔10的一侧,滑道15由固装在床架I上的上滑动板和下滑动板组成,滑道15的上部即上滑动板上设有供挡板15的外圆弧面转出的限位槽52,上、下滑动板之间的距离即限位槽52的宽度等于上述外圆弧的弦长,可保证挡板17转出限位槽42前提升轴2不转动,该限位槽52大致位于接便孔10的下方、偏向便塞托8的一侧,该限位槽52可这样形成:上滑动板的末端截止在接便孔10的下方、偏向便塞托8的一侧,该末端后方部位皆为限位槽52 ;也可以在上滑动板上开设限位槽52,该限位槽52的作用是当提升轴2移动该位置时,挡板17不再受到滑道15的约束,提升轴2在摇臂16的拉动下绕自身轴线转动。 8 and 9, the shutter 17 may be fan-shaped, may be, the shutter 17 has an outer arcuate surface of the lift shaft 2 is concentric with the cross section of other shapes, the shutter 17 of the outer arcuate surface facing away from the ground then the side hole 10, the chute 15 is fixedly mounted on the bed frame I, the slide plate and lower sliding plates, the upper portion of the chute 15, i.e., the slide plate is provided with an outer arcuate surface 15 of the shutter for rotation a limiting groove 52, the distance between the sliding panel i.e. equal to the width of the stopper groove 52 of the outer circular arc chord, the shutter 17 ensures rotation limiting groove 42 before the lift shaft 2 does not rotate, the limiting groove 52 will be located substantially below the contact hole 10, then toward the side Grosseto 8, the stopper grooves 52 may be formed by: the end of the slide plate below the cutoff hole 10 will take, will tend Grosseto 8 is a side, the rear end portion of the stopper grooves 52 are both; limiting slot 52 may be opened in the sliding plate, the effect of the limiting slot 52 when the lift shaft 2 is moved to the position, the shutter 17 is not and then subject to the chute 15, the lifter shaft 2 is rotated about its own axis driven by the rocker arm 16. 提升轴2上安装有驱动便桶9升降的升降支架23,升降支架23顶靠在便桶9底部。 A drive shaft mounted lifting commode 9 elevating lifter bracket 223, the lifting bracket 23 against the bottom of the toilet bowl 9. 当驱使驱动轴4转动时,便塞托摆臂5摆动的同时驱动连杆6通过连接杆7和提升轴2带动托架3横向滑移,此时挡板17受到滑道15的约束,提升轴2不会绕自身轴线转动,当托架3滑移到接便孔10下方时,挡板17不受滑道15约束,在连接杆7的拉动下,通过摇臂16驱使提升轴2绕自身轴线转动,顶起便桶9,实现接便动作,在床架的下部两侧皆装有行程开关,便桶9升起到位时,便塞托摆臂5摆动触动该行程开关;接便完成后,再次驱使驱动轴4转动,便塞托摆臂5摆动伊始时连接杆7推动提升轴2绕自身轴线转动,便桶9落下,挡板17进入滑道15后,便塞托摆臂5继续摆动、托架3滑移,从而使便桶9远离接便孔且便塞托8堵住接便孔,便塞托8堵住接便孔10后,托架3的下部触动床架底部安装的行程开关,从而停止接便动作。 When the rotation of the driven shaft 4, they Grosseto arm while swinging drive link 5 6 3 by the connecting rod 7 and the lateral slip lifting carriage driven shaft 2, when the shutter 17 is constrained to slide 15, to enhance the the shaft 2 is not rotatable about its own axis, when the carriage 3 will slide to the ground below the hole 10, the shutter 17 is not bound by the chute 15, driven by the connecting rod 7, the rocker arm 16 by the lift driving shaft 2 about rotation on its axis, from the top commode 9, the operation will be realized then, at both sides of the lower portion of the bed frame are equipped with limit switch, 9 is raised when the commode place, it Grosseto swing arm 5 touches the limit switch; after access is completed after driving the drive shaft 4 is rotated again, it Grosseto arm 5 swings at the beginning of a connecting rod 7 driven lift shaft 2 rotates about its own axis, commode 9 falls, the shutter 17 into the chute 15, the swing arm 5 will continue to swing for Grosseto , sliding carriage 3, so that they take away from the toilet bowl 9 and the hole 8 will Grosseto will block access hole, it will contact block 8 Grosseto rear aperture 10, a lower mounting bracket 3 touches the bottom of the stroke of the bed frame the switch, then stops the operation.

[0035] 如图2、图8和图11所示,便桶9包括下筒体91和前端铰接在下筒体91侧壁上的上托盘92,便桶9上转动连接有驱动上托盘92翻转的翻动架93,翻动架93具有伸出便桶9的倾斜段94,床架I上装有便桶升起堵住接便孔10时驱动倾斜段94的翻转挡块48,便桶9的前部设有通孔95,床架I上滑动连接有由供水电动推杆38驱动的喷水管,喷水管前端的上部设有多个喷水孔,喷水管的水平位置与便桶9升起堵住接便孔10时通孔95的位置相适应,喷水管与安装在床架I上的自动供水栗的出水管连接,自动供水栗从水箱中抽水至喷水管中,当接便驱动机构驱动便桶9至接便孔10下方并驱动便桶9升起后,翻动架93的倾斜段94与翻转挡块48相抵,从而驱动翻转架93翻转,顶起上托盘92的后部,此时供水电动推杆驱动喷水管向前滑移插入至通孔95中,自动供水栗得电抽水,水流自喷水管的前端 [0035] FIG. 2, 8 and 11, the toilet bowl 9 includes a lower cylinder 91 and the front end of the lower tray hinged on the side wall 91 of the cylindrical body 92, rotatably connected to a driving commode tray 92 inverted flip 9 frame 93, frame 93 having a flip projecting section 9 of the toilet bowl 94 is inclined, the driving connection 10 is then turned over the stopper 48 with the inclined segment 94 of the raised toilet block I bedstead hole, the front portion is provided with a through hole 9 commode 95, there is slidably connected to the bed frame I by the push rod 38 driven by an electric water spray pipe, the upper portion of the front end of the spray pipe is provided with a plurality of spray holes, and the horizontal position of the spray pipe 9 is raised toilet block will contact the position of the through hole 10 of the hole 95 adapted, with the spray pipe mounted on the bed frame I connected to the outlet pipe of the automatic water chestnut, chestnut automatically pumping water from the tank to the spray tube, when connected to the drive mechanism drives the toilet bowl after 9 to 10 and then driving it beneath the toilet hole 9 is raised, the inclined section 93 of the turning frame 94 and the reverse stopper 48 against, thereby driving the flip flip frame 93, a rear tray 92 from the top, then push the electric supply the drive rod is inserted into the spray pipe slide forward in the through hole 95, automatic water pumping Li energized, flow from the distal end of the spray pipe 出,对病人便后的屁股进行冲洗。 Out of the ass after the patient will be flushed.

[0036] 在床架的侧部还可以滑动连接有侧护栏,侧护栏伸出后可在其上方搭接木板,该木板用作患者的餐桌,这样病人吃喝也可以在床上实现。 [0036] In the side portion of the bed frame may also be slidably connected to the side rails, the side fence projecting above it may be lap planks, the planks as the patient table, food and drink can also be implemented so that the patient in bed.

Claims (8)

1.一种多功能自动护理床,包括铺设有床板、床垫的床架(1 ),床架(1)的前部装有前部托架(12),床架(1 )、床板及床垫上对应设有接便孔(10),床架(1)上还装有托架(3)及便塞托(8),托架(3)上滑动连接有便桶(9),床架(1)上还装有驱动托架(3)与便塞托(8)联动且驱动便桶(9)升降的接便驱动机构,其特征是:床架(1)上设有位于前部的前端横梁(101)、位于中前部的中前部横梁(102)、位于中后部的中后部横梁(103)、两纵梁(104)及支撑腿(105),中前部横梁(102)和前端横梁(101)之间设有横向排布且横向相向伸出端交叉设置的两个前部托架(12),两前部托架(12)的前部分别铰接在叠放在前端横梁(101)上的前部横托板(106)上,中前部横梁(102)和中后部横梁(103)之间设有横向排布且横向相向伸出端交叉设置的两个后部托架(14),两后部托架(14)的前部分别通过铰接转动机构连接在中前部横梁( A multi-functional automatic nursing beds, including laying mattress, mattress bed frame (1), the bed frame (1) with a front portion of the front bracket (12), bed frame (1), and bed board then it is provided with a corresponding hole on the mattress (10), on the bed frame (1) it is also provided with a bracket (3) and then Grosseto (8), slidably connected to the toilet bowl (9) on the carriage (3), the bed the carriage frame further provided with a drive (3) (1) and then Grosseto (8) and drives the linkage toilet bowl (9) drives the lifting mechanism connected, wherein: the bed frame is provided on the front portion (1) the front end of the cross member (101), located in the front portion of the front portion of the cross member (102), the rear cross member (103) located in the rear portion, two longitudinal beams (104) and a support leg (105), the front cross member is provided between the (102) and the front cross member (101) arranged laterally and transversely opposite the two front brackets (12) projecting end of the crossover settings, the front portion of the front portions of the two brackets (12) are respectively hinged to the stack on the distal portion of the front cross member on the transverse support plate (101) (106), the front cross member portion (102) and a rear cross member provided between the (103) arranged laterally opposed and laterally extending end of the crossover settings two rear brackets (14), the front portions of the two rear brackets (14) respectively connected to the front portion of the cross member by a hinge rotation mechanism ( 102)上,两后部托架(14)的后部分别铰接在叠放在中后部横梁(103)上的后部托板(107)上,前后对应的前部托架(12)和后部托架(14)铰接,中后部横梁(103)后侧连接有曲腿托架(13)以及驱动曲腿托架(13)摆动的曲腿驱动机构,床架(1)上装有驱动同侧的前部托架(12)和后部托架(14)同时沿铰接部翻转的翻身驱动机构,床架(1)上还装有同时驱动两前部托架(12)和两后部托架(14)沿横向轴翻转的起身提臀驱动机构;所述翻身驱动机构包括铰接在中前部横梁(102)和中后部横梁(103)上且纵向设置的翻身铰轴(29 ),翻身铰轴(29 )上分别固接有向横向两侧伸出且在翻身铰轴转动时同时托起前后同侧的前部托架(12)和后部托架(14)的翻身驱动架(31),其中一纵梁上铰接有可竖向摆动的翻身套筒(30),翻身套筒(30)内转动连接有由翻身动力机构驱动的翻身螺母(32),翻身螺母(32)内螺接有向床内伸出 102), two rear rear bracket (14) articulated respectively stacked in the rear cross member (on the rear portion of the pallet 103) (107) on the front bracket (12) corresponding to the longitudinal and a rear bracket (14) is hinged, the rear cross beam (103) is connected to the rear curved bracket legs (13) and the drive bay curved legs (13) of the curved legs swing drive mechanism, with the bed frame (1) driving the same side the front bracket (12) and a rear bracket (14) while driving in the turning mechanism hinged flip portion, on the bed frame (1) is also provided with two simultaneously driven front bracket (12) and two a rear bracket (14) along a transverse axis inverted hip up drive mechanism; turning the turning drive mechanism includes a hinge shaft hinged at the front portion of the upper cross member (102) and a rear cross member (103) disposed longitudinally ( 29), turning on the hinge shaft (29) respectively fixed to both lateral sides of the overhang and at the same time hold the front portion of the same side front and rear brackets (12) and a rear bracket (14) upon rotation of the turning hinge shaft turning the drive frame (31), wherein the longitudinal beam is articulated on a pivot of a vertically turning sleeve (30), rotatably connected to the turning sleeve (30) with a turning nut (32) is driven by means of a power turning, turning nut (32) extends is screwed into the bed 的翻身螺杆(33),翻身螺杆(33)的内伸端与翻身铰轴(29)上固接的下伸支杆铰接;共设置两个前后铰接的曲腿托架(13),前部的曲腿托架(13)铰接在中后部横梁(104)上,所述曲腿驱动机构包括转动连接在床架(1)下部且由曲腿动力装置驱动转动的曲腿轴(25),曲腿轴(25)上固接有用于支撑两曲腿托架(13)底部的曲腿支架(26),曲腿支架(26)具有自前往后设置的平直段和向下倾斜的倾斜段,前部的曲腿托架(13)上固接有下伸导向架,下伸导向架上设有供曲腿支架伸入且进行限位的导向槽,床架(1)后部的两支撑腿(105)之间装有承托后部的曲腿支架(13)的后部横梁(108)。 The turning of the screw (33), turning the screw (33) extending the inner end of the stand on the hinge shaft (29) fixed to the struts articulated downtube; co-carrier is provided with bent legs (13) of the two longitudinal articulation, the front portion curved bracket legs (13) articulated on the rear cross beam (104), said drive mechanism includes a rotating curved legs connected to the bed frame (1) and a lower leg bent curved leg shaft driven by the power means (25) , curved legs with a fixed shaft (25) for supporting the two bracket legs (13) at the bottom of the curved leg (26), curved leg (26) having a straight section and disposed downwardly from the rear to the inclined section, there is fixed on the guide frame extending curved bracket legs (13) of the front portion, the guide frame is provided for extending curved leg and projecting into the guide groove for limiting the bed frame (1) rear with curved legs supporting the rear bracket (13) of the rear cross beam (108) between the two support legs (105).
2.根据权利要求1所述的多功能自动护理床,其特征是:所述起身提臀驱动机构包括转动连接在两纵梁(104)之间且横向设置的起身转轴(24),所述起身转轴(24)由起身动力装置驱动其转动,起身转轴(24)上装有向前伸出且托起前部横托板(106)的起身支架(11),中后部横梁(103)上转动连接有提臀铰轴(21),提臀铰轴(21)上套装有提臀拐臂(22),提臀拐臂(22)的一支臂与起身转轴通过联动杆(18)铰接,提臀拐臂(22)的另一支臂上装有顶靠在后部托板(107)上的顶靠轮(27)。 Automatic multi-function according to claim 1 of the nursing bed, characterized in that: said drive means comprises a rotatable hip up and connected between the two longitudinal beams (104) and laterally disposed up shaft (24), said up shaft (24) driven by a power means which is rotated up, up shaft (24) on which a bracket extending forward and lifted up (11) transverse plate (106) of the front portion, the rear upper beam (103) hip rotatably connected to the hinge shaft (21), set on the hip hinge shaft (21) has hip crank arm (22), hip crank arm (22) of an arm shaft and up through the linkage lever (18) is hinged another hip support arm crank arm (22) fitted against the rear portion of a top pallet (107) against a top wheel (27).
3.根据权利要求2所述的多功能自动护理床,其特征是:所述起身动力装置包括铰接在中前部横梁(102)上的起身提臀拐臂(20),其中一纵梁(104)上铰接有可横向摆动的起身提臀套筒(19),起身提臀套筒内转动连接有由起身动力机构驱动的起身提臀螺母(23),起身提臀螺母内螺接有向床内伸出的起身提臀螺杆(28),起身提臀螺杆(28)与起身提臀拐臂(20)的一支臂铰接,起身提臀拐臂(20)的另一支臂通过拉动杆与起身转轴(24)上的连杆铰接。 Automatic multi-function according to claim 2 of the nursing bed, characterized in that: said power means comprises a hinged up on the hip up (102) in the front portion of the crank arm cross member (20), wherein a stringer ( hinged laterally pivotable up hip sleeve (19), the hip rotates up and connected to the sleeve 104) by the drive mechanism of the power up hip up nut (23), up the nut is screwed to the hip rose hip projecting screw bed (28), rose hip screw (28) and the crank arm rose hip (20) of an articulated arm, rose hip crank arm (20) by pulling the other arm up link rod articulated on a shaft (24).
4.根据权利要求1所述的多功能自动护理床,其特征是:所述铰接转动机构包括转动连接在后部托架(14)内伸端上的转动管(45),转动管(45)的外伸端部通过铰轴铰装在中前部横梁(102)上。 Automatic multi-function according to claim 1 of the nursing bed, characterized in that: the rotation mechanism comprises a rotatable hinge connection in the rear bracket (14) extending rotatable tube (45) on the end of the rotary tube (45 ) overhanging end portion by a hinge shaft pivotally mounted on the front cross member portion (102).
5.根据权利要求1所述的多功能自动护理床,其特征是:所述曲腿动力装置包括铰接在床架(1)上的曲腿拐臂(34 ),其中一纵梁(104 )上铰接有可横向摆动的曲腿套筒(35 ),曲腿套筒(35)内转动连接有由曲腿动力机构驱动的曲腿螺母(36),曲腿螺母(36)内螺接有向床内伸出的曲腿螺杆(37),曲腿螺杆(37)与曲腿拐臂(34)的一支臂铰接,曲腿拐臂(34)的另一支臂通过拉杆与曲腿轴(25)上的支杆铰接。 Automatic multi-function according to claim 1 of the nursing bed, characterized in that: said power means comprises a curved legs bent legs hinged to the bed frame (1) of the crank arm (34), wherein a stringer (104) curved legs articulated on the sleeve (35) laterally pivotable, (35) rotatably connected to the curved legs bent leg sleeve nut (36) driven by power mechanism curved legs, the curved legs nut (36) is screwed screw the curved legs (37) extending within the bed, a screw curved legs (37) and curved legs crank arm (34) of an articulated arm, the other arm curved legs crank arm (34) through tie rods and curved legs hinged strut shaft (25).
6.根据权利要求1-5中任一项所述的多功能自动护理床,其特征是:所述接便驱动机构包括转动安装在床架(1)下部且由接便动力装置驱动的驱动轴(4),驱动轴(4)上装有联动的便塞托摆臂(5 )与驱动连杆(6 ),所述便塞托(8 )连接在便塞托摆臂(5 )的伸出端,所述托架(3 )与驱动连杆(6 )之间铰接有连接杆(7 ),托架(3 )上转动安装有提升轴(2 ),提升轴(2 )上固装有摇臂(16 ),所述连接杆(7 )铰接在摇臂(16 )上,提升轴(2 )上安装有驱动便桶(9 )升降的升降支架(23 ),提升轴(2 ) —端部固装有挡板(17 ),挡板(17 )具有与提升轴(2 )横截面同心的外圆弧面,床架(1)下部安装有供挡板(17)滑动的滑道(15),外圆弧面的弦长等于滑道(15)的宽度,滑道(15)的上部设有供挡板(17)的外圆弧面转出的限位槽(42),该限位槽(42)位于接便孔(10)的下方。 The multifunctional automatic nursing bed according to any one of the 1-5 claims, characterized in that: said connection means comprises a rotatably mounted drive it to the bed frame (1) and a lower portion connected by a drive means for driving the power will shaft (4), the swing arm shaft will Grosseto (4) is provided with a linkage (5) and the drive rod (6), said stretched out Grosseto (8) connected to the toilet Grosseto arm (5) an end of said carriage (3) and the drive link (6) articulated between the connecting rod (7), pivotally mounted on the carriage (3) with a lifting shaft (2), lifting shaft (2) fixedly arranged rocker arm (16), the connecting rod (7) articulated on the rocker arm (16), mounted on a lifting shaft (2) driving the toilet bowl (9) and down the elevator (23), lifting shaft (2) - solid end fitted with baffle plates (17), the shutter (17) having (17) with the slide slidable lifting shaft (2) cross-section of a concentric outer arcuate surface, the bed frame (1) for a lower flap attached (15), a chord length equal to the outer arcuate surface chute (15) has a width, an upper slide (15) is provided with an outer arcuate surface on which the shutter (17) is transferred out of the limiting slot (42), the limiting groove (42) located below the contact hole will be (10).
7.根据权利要求6所述的多功能自动护理床,其特征是:所述接便动力装置包括铰接在其中一纵梁(104)上且可竖向摆动的接便套筒(38),接便套筒(38)内转动连接有由接便动力机构驱动的接便驱动螺母(39),接便驱动螺母(39)内螺接有向床内伸出的接便驱动螺杆(40),接便驱动螺杆(40)与驱动轴(4)上的接便支杆铰接。 7. The multifunctional automatic nursing bed according to claim 6, wherein: the power means comprises a hinged connection will be on one of the side frame (104) and then it can be vertically swingable sleeve (38), will take the inner sleeve (38) rotatably connected with the power mechanism by the access would then drives the drive nut (39), then drives the nut (39) is screwed inside projecting into the bed will contact the drive screw (40) , then drives the screw (40) with the drive shaft (4) is hingedly connected struts will.
8.根据权利要求7所述的多功能自动护理床,其特征是:所述便桶(9)包括下筒体(91)和前端铰接在下筒体(91)侧壁上的上托盘(92),便桶(9)上转动连接有驱动上托盘(92 )翻转的翻动架(93 ),翻动架(93 )具有伸出便桶(9 )的倾斜段(94),床架(1)上装有便桶升起堵住接便孔(10)时驱动倾斜段(94)的翻转挡块(48);所述便桶(9)的前部设有通孔(95),床架(1)上滑动连接有由供水电动推杆驱动的喷水管,喷水管前端的上部设有多个喷水孔,喷水管的水平位置与便桶(9)升起堵住接便孔(10)时通孔(95)的位置相适应,喷水管与安装在床架(1)上的自动供水栗的出水管连接。 Automatic multi-function according to claim 7 care bed, characterized in that: said toilet bowl (9) comprises a lower cylinder (91) and the front lower hinge barrel (91) on the tray side walls (92) , rotatably connected to the toilet bowl (9) driving a tray (92) flip flip frame (93), turning the carrier (93) having a projecting toilet bowl (9) is inclined section (94), the commode with bedstead (1) flip stop (48) driving the raised inclined section would block access aperture (10) (94); slidably connected to said toilet (9) of the front portion is provided with a through hole (95), the bed frame (1) when the push rod is driven by the electric water spray pipe, the upper portion of the front end of the spray pipe is provided with a plurality of spray holes, and the horizontal position of the toilet bowl of the spray pipe (9) will be raised to block access aperture (10) through hole (95) is adapted to position, mounted on the bed frame and the spray pipe (1) on the automatic water outlet pipe connected to Li.
CN201310318515.1A 2013-07-26 2013-07-26 A multifunctional automatic nursing bed CN103550039B (en)

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CN104644356A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-05-27 江苏泰泉电子自动化设备有限公司 Device for bending thighs and shanks in nursing bed
CN105193565A (en) * 2015-10-09 2015-12-30 朱明谦 Multifunctional automatic nursing equipment
CN105411777A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-03-23 范胜国 Sit-up and go-to-toilet device used for medical nursing bed

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