CN103549201A - Health-care pigeon sand and application method thereof - Google Patents

Health-care pigeon sand and application method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103549201A
CN103549201A CN201310542951.7A CN201310542951A CN103549201A CN 103549201 A CN103549201 A CN 103549201A CN 201310542951 A CN201310542951 A CN 201310542951A CN 103549201 A CN103549201 A CN 103549201A
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kilogram
health
kilograms
care
sand
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CN201310542951.7A
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CN103549201B (en
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丁家桐
王莹
俞礼怀
路璐
曹伟
贾梁良
贺姣
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Yangzhou University
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Yangzhou University
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Abstract

The invention relates to health-care pigeon sand and an application method thereof and belongs to the field of animal production. Existing health-care pigeon sand is complicated in formula varieties; the components of raw materials are complicated and the cost is high. The health-care pigeon sand selects vitamins including VA, VD, VE and the like, microelements including Zn, Mn, Se and the like, amino acids including methionine, lysine and the like, and raw materials including corn gluten meal and the like; the materials are mixed according to a certain ratio to form a premix; then the premix is combined with chicken girt, shells, monocalcium phosphate, gypsum and salt to form the health-care sand; 1000 kilograms of the pigeon health-care sand are composed of 280-320 kilograms of the chicken girt, 140-180 kilograms of the shells, 120-160 kilograms of the monocalcium phosphate, 250-320 kilograms of the premix, 20-60 kilograms of the salt and the balance being the gypsum. A manner of singly adding the health-care sand to a feed is adopted so that the monthly laying rate, the hatching rate and the aspermatism rate of pigeons are increased greatly; the health-care sand is low in cost and suitable for popularization.

Description

A kind of pigeon for meat health-care sand and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pigeon for meat health-care sand and using method thereof, belong to herding production field.
Background technology
Health-care sand is various mineral elements and other mixtures that becomes to be grouped into.The success or failure that pigeon for meat is raised are not only relevant with feed, drinking-water and scientific management, also in close relations with the quality of health-care sand.Health-care sand directly affects health status, fertility, premunition and the offspring's of dove quality and weight, determines to a certain extent the economic benefit of dove field.So the optimum formula of health-care sand and the suitableeest adding proportion just seem very important.
Pigeon for meat belongs to single preparation birds, is different from other poultry.Along with the development of pigeon for meat aquaculture, pigeon for meat is raised in cages by putting in a suitable place to breed to change into, and pigeon for meat lacks outside looks for food, and gathers the chance of grit, if do not feed health-care sand, and the physique of pigeon for meat meeting variation, and produce soft-shelled egg, be unfavorable for growing of squab.In propagating artificially on a large scale, pigeon for meat is raised in cages completely, and unlike homing pigeon can oneself look for food essential sand grains and other trace element, therefore, easily cause the decline of pigeon for meat rate of fertilization and incubation rate, it is necessary that health-care sand is that pigeon for meat keeps nutrient balance and maintains the level of production
At present, the health-care sand formula kind that culturist uses is numerous and diverse, and not only material composition is complicated, and cost is higher.The effect of health-care sand is also uneven.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, guarantee pigeon for meat high yield, guarantee squab survival rate, this research is conceived to improvement and simplifies pigeon for meat health-care sand formula, this patent is from pigeon for meat nutritional need, and according to the present stage different patterns of brooding (two of a pair of close dove nurture, three or four squabs), research is efficient, low-cost and succinct health-care sand formula provides a kind of cost-efficiently health-care sand formula, a certain amount of mineral element and B B-complex in this health-care sand, have been added, to cultivate for pigeon for meat premix is creationary, for pigeon for meat provides sufficient nutriment, guarantee the High-efficient Production of pigeon for meat.
The formula of health-care sand of the present invention is the composition of every 1000 kilograms of these health-care sands: chicken girt 280-320 kilogram, and shell 140-180 kilogram, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 120-160 kilogram, premix 250-320 kilogram, salt 20-60 kilogram, surplus is gypsum.
Premix formulation that the present invention adopts is the composition of every 1000 kilograms of this compound premix products: vitamin A 0.4-0.8 kilogram, neo dohyfral D3 0.2-0.4 kilogram, vitamin e1-5 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, the prokeyvit 0.06-0.12 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, vitaminB10 .04-0.08 kilogram, the vitamin B2 0.15-0.5 kilogram that content is 80% by weight, pyridoxamine 0.1-0.4 kilogram, the cobalamin 0.05-0.2 kilogram that content is 1% by weight, niacinamide 0.8-2 kilogram, D-VB5 calcium 0.25-0.6 kilogram, folic acid 0.04-1 kilogram, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 3-6 kilogram, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.4-0.8 kilogram, monohydrate zinc sulphate 4-8 kilogram, manganese sulfate monohydrate 5-10 kilogram, by weight, amount of iodine is 5% calcium iodate 0.3-0.6 kilogram, Se content is 1% sodium selenite pulvis 0.5-1 kilogram, every gram of phytase 8-15 kilogram that enzymatic activity is 5000 international units, methionine 22-28 kilogram, the Choline Chloride 15-25 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 160-200 kilogram, stone flour 220-280 kilogram, salt 60-70 kilogram, by weight, effective content is 4 kilograms of 30% ethoxyquinolines, the difference of 1000 kilograms of summations that deduct substance weight described above is as surplus, and surplus material adds and adopts powdered rice hulls or zeolite powder.
The present invention also comprises the using method of this health-care sand: health-care sand adds and feeds separately, for pigeon for meat free choice feeding.
This health-care sand not only can simplify that health-care sand formula is many and assorted present situation reduces the consumption of manpower, and can effectively reduce health-care sand cost, is suitable for the large-scale breeding mode of pigeon for meat aquaculture and can obtains considerable economic benefit.The use of this health-care sand will contribute to the input of popularizing, reduce labour of health-care sand large-scale production, improves the economic benefit of aquaculture.By control group is set, this health-care sand can significantly improve the production performance of pigeon for meat and can effectively reduce the production cost of health-care sand, improves the productivity effect of plant.
The specific embodiment:
1. the preparation of Rational Pre batch mixing.Comprise: the ratio preparation of the selection of premix composition, each composition of premix.Select the vitamins such as VA, VD, VE, the trace elements such as Zn, Mn, Se, the raw materials such as the amino acid such as methionine, lysine and corn protein powder, are mixed with premix according to certain ratio.It is specially:
The composition of every 1000 kilograms of this compound premix products: vitamin A 0.4-0.8 kilogram, neo dohyfral D3 0.2-0.4 kilogram, vitamin e1-5 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, the prokeyvit 0.06-0.12 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, vitaminB10 .04-0.08 kilogram, the vitamin B2 0.15-0.5 kilogram that content is 80% by weight, pyridoxamine 0.1-0.4 kilogram, the cobalamin 0.05-0.2 kilogram that content is 1% by weight, niacinamide 0.8-2 kilogram, D-VB5 calcium 0.25-0.6 kilogram, folic acid 0.04-1 kilogram, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 3-6 kilogram, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.4-0.8 kilogram, monohydrate zinc sulphate 4-8 kilogram, manganese sulfate monohydrate 5-10 kilogram, by weight, amount of iodine is 5% calcium iodate 0.3-0.6 kilogram, Se content is 1% sodium selenite pulvis 0.5-1 kilogram, every gram of phytase 8-15 kilogram that enzymatic activity is 5000 international units, methionine 22-28 kilogram, the Choline Chloride 15-25 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 160-200 kilogram, stone flour 220-280 kilogram, salt 60-70 kilogram, by weight, effective content is 4 kilograms of 30% ethoxyquinolines, the difference of 1000 kilograms of summations that deduct substance weight described above is as surplus, and surplus material adds and adopts powdered rice hulls or zeolite powder.
2. formulate the proportioning of premix and other formulas.Comprise and select chicken girt, shell, gypsum, salt and calcium monohydrogen phosphate processing to pulverize, in the ratio of premix 25-32%, make health-care sand.It is specially:
The composition of every 1000 kilograms of this health-care sand products: chicken girt 280-320 kilogram, shell 140-180 kilogram, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 120-160 kilogram, premix 250-320 kilogram, salt 20-60 kilogram, the addition of gypsum is the gross weight of 1000 kilograms of gradually above-mentioned additives.
Above-mentioned raw materials is mixed, and use equipment is V-Mixer, and incorporation time is 10-20 minute.
3. the correct occupation mode of health-care sand.Health-care sand is the nutritional supplementation of pigeon for meat, is different from other feeds, and health-care sand adds and feeds separately, for pigeon for meat free choice feeding.
4. scientific and reasonable feeding and management.Comprise: routine raise and immune basis on, add the health-care sand of preparing with premix every day, records creation data.
5. by the experiment of feeding, observe the effect of above-mentioned health-care sand formula to further promote.Its concrete operations are as follows:
Feed and test 1:
(1) this patent health-care sand formula and the comparison of large-scale cultivation field 1 health-care sand formula on the impact of pigeon for meat production performance
In the dovecote of large-scale cultivation field 1, random kind of the dove quantity of selecting is close, and identical 2 dovecotes of raise competence are as test group and control group, 522 pairs every group.Test group adopts this test health-care sand formula, and control group adopts the health-care sand formula of large-scale cultivation field 2.Preliminary trial period 15d, experimental period is 50d.Record the creation data (laying rate, chickling-surviving rate and without smart rate) of every day.
The mode of feeding and daily management: premix and other formula materials are fully mixed, and health-care sand adds and feeds separately, guarantees to have abundant water resources, and feed and health-care sand all supply pigeon for meat free choice feeding.Every day, routine was fed, regularly epidemic prevention, and record disease situation.
(2) result of the test shows to add this test health-care sand group 50d in experimental period, and laying rate improves 30% than control group, and chickling-surviving rate improves 7.23%, without smart rate, reduces by 1.4%.Concrete data are in Table 1.And the cost ratio control group of test group per ton is low 257.3 yuan, refers to table 2.Compare with the health-care sand of large-scale cultivation field 1, this health-care sand formula can not only significantly improve the production performance of pigeon for meat and can effectively reduce the production cost of health-care sand, improves the productivity effect of plant.
Table 1 adds the comparison of premix health-care sand and large-scale cultivation field 1 health-care sand
? Laying rate *(%) Higher than control group Chickling-surviving rate *(%) Higher than control group Without smart rate *(%) Lower than control group
Test group 157 30% 59.68 7.23% 3.11 1.4%
Control group 127 ? 42.45 ? 1.71 ?
* show to be scaled every hundred the pigeon moon an egg number and month laying rate, chickling-surviving rate and without smart rate; Lower same
The price comparison of table 2 health-care sand
Price (ton/unit) Test group Control group Than control group low/unit
? 1565.2 2084.7 257.3
Feed and test 2:
(1) health-care sand and the large-scale cultivation field 2 health-care sands comparison on the impact of pigeon for meat production performance
In the dovecote of large-scale cultivation field 2, random kind of the dove quantity of selecting is close, and identical 2 dovecotes of raise competence are as test group and control group, 180 pairs every group.Test group adopts this test health-care sand formula, and control group adopts the health-care sand original formulation of large-scale cultivation field 2.Preliminary trial period 15d, experimental period is 50d.Record the creation data (laying rate, chickling-surviving rate and without smart rate) of every day.
The mode of feeding and daily management: premix and other formula materials are fully mixed, and health-care sand adds and feeds separately, guarantees to have abundant water resources, and feed and health-care sand all supply pigeon for meat free choice feeding.Every day, routine was fed, regularly epidemic prevention, and record disease situation.
(2) result of the test shows, adds premix health-care sand group 50d in experimental period, and laying rate improves 18% than control group, and chickling-surviving rate improves 3.6%, without smart rate, reduces by 1.0%.Show that this test recipe can improve the production performance of pigeon for meat.Concrete data are in Table 3.And the cost ratio control group of test group per ton is low 776.8 yuan, refers to table 4.Compare with the health-care sand of large-scale cultivation field 2, this health-care sand formula can not only significantly improve the production performance of pigeon for meat and can effectively reduce the production cost of health-care sand, improves the productivity effect of plant.
Table 3 adds the comparison of premix health-care sand and large-scale cultivation field 2 health-care sands
? Laying rate (%) Higher than control group Chickling-surviving rate (%) Higher than control group Without smart rate (%) Lower than control group
Test group 192 18% 43 3.6% 16 1%
Control group 174 ? 39.6 ? 15 ?
The price comparison of table 4 health-care sand
Price (ton/unit) Test group Control group Than control group low/unit
? 1565.2 2342 776.8

Claims (3)

1. a health-care sand, its every 1000 kilograms consists of: chicken girt 280-320 kilogram, shell 140-180 kilogram, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 120-160 kilogram, premix 250-320 kilogram, salt 20-60 kilogram, surplus is gypsum.
2. a kind of health-care sand according to claim 1, consisting of of every 1000 kilograms of its premix: vitamin A 0.4-0.8 kilogram, neo dohyfral D3 0.2-0.4 kilogram, vitamin e1-5 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, the prokeyvit 0.06-0.12 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, vitaminB10 .04-0.08 kilogram, the vitamin B2 0.15-0.5 kilogram that content is 80% by weight, pyridoxamine 0.1-0.4 kilogram, the cobalamin 0.05-0.2 kilogram that content is 1% by weight, niacinamide 0.8-2 kilogram, D-VB5 calcium 0.25-0.6 kilogram, folic acid 0.04-1 kilogram, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 3-6 kilogram, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.4-0.8 kilogram, monohydrate zinc sulphate 4-8 kilogram, manganese sulfate monohydrate 5-10 kilogram, by weight, amount of iodine is 5% calcium iodate 0.3-0.6 kilogram, Se content is 1% sodium selenite pulvis 0.5-1 kilogram, every gram of phytase 8-15 kilogram that enzymatic activity is 5000 international units, methionine 22-28 kilogram, the Choline Chloride 15-25 kilogram that content is 50% by weight, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 160-200 kilogram, stone flour 220-280 kilogram, salt 60-70 kilogram, by weight, effective content is 4 kilograms of 30% ethoxyquinolines, the difference of 1000 kilograms of summations that deduct substance weight described above is as surplus, and surplus material adds and adopts powdered rice hulls or zeolite powder.
3. a using method for health-care sand as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: health-care sand adds and feeds separately, for pigeon for meat free choice feeding.
CN201310542951.7A 2013-11-05 2013-11-05 A kind of health-care pigeon sand and using method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103549201B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104222679A (en) * 2014-09-30 2014-12-24 广东省家禽科学研究所 Pigeon laying period premix and preparing method thereof
CN104824432A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-08-12 张长淮 Special meat pigeon summer health sand formula
CN104824431A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-08-12 张长淮 Meat pigeon spring health sand formula
CN104824428A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-08-12 张长淮 Formula of special health sand for boiler pigeons in autumn
CN104920855A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区明达鸽业养殖协会 Pigeon sand capable of preventing and treating tuberculosis
CN104920854A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-23 柳州市明达鸽业养殖专业合作社 Pigeon sand for preventing and treating aspergillosis of pigeons
CN104982697A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-10-21 柳州市柳南区明达鸽业养殖协会 Pigeon sand for preventing and treating tetrameres ostertagiasis
CN105028991A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-11-11 柳州市金诚鸽子养殖场 Special health sand for carrier pigeons
CN108497200A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-07 南京东晨鸽业有限公司 A kind of nutrient fodder and its preparation method and application

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104222679A (en) * 2014-09-30 2014-12-24 广东省家禽科学研究所 Pigeon laying period premix and preparing method thereof
CN104824432A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-08-12 张长淮 Special meat pigeon summer health sand formula
CN104824431A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-08-12 张长淮 Meat pigeon spring health sand formula
CN104824428A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-08-12 张长淮 Formula of special health sand for boiler pigeons in autumn
CN104920855A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区明达鸽业养殖协会 Pigeon sand capable of preventing and treating tuberculosis
CN104920854A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-23 柳州市明达鸽业养殖专业合作社 Pigeon sand for preventing and treating aspergillosis of pigeons
CN104982697A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-10-21 柳州市柳南区明达鸽业养殖协会 Pigeon sand for preventing and treating tetrameres ostertagiasis
CN105028991A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-11-11 柳州市金诚鸽子养殖场 Special health sand for carrier pigeons
CN108497200A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-07 南京东晨鸽业有限公司 A kind of nutrient fodder and its preparation method and application

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