一种养殖用环境净化剂技术领域 本发明属于畜牧养殖业领域，特别涉及一种养殖用环境净化剂。 One kind of environmental purification aquaculture TECHNICAL FIELD  The present invention belongs to the field of livestock breeding, farming and particularly to a cleaning agent with ambient. 背景技术 畜牧养殖业长期面临空气传播的疾病危害，特别是近年来，动物的口蹄疫、气喘病、禽流感等恶性传染病频繁，反复爆发和流行，给养殖业造成很大的损失。  livestock breeding industry is facing long-term hazards of airborne diseases, especially in recent years, foot and mouth disease, asthma, avian flu and other malignant diseases of animals frequent, repeated outbreaks and epidemic, caused great losses to the aquaculture industry. 传统的应对模式，除了疫苗和药物外，发病前后频繁地活体消毒(带猪消毒、带鸡消毒灯)是养殖界常用的手段。 Traditional coping model, in addition to vaccines and drugs, the incidence of a living body before and after frequent disinfection (disinfection with pig, chicken with sterilizing lamp) commonly used means farming industry. 大量的化学消毒剂经水稀释后，采用各种喷雾的方式，对舍内动物和环境一起喷洒消毒。 After a large number of chemical disinfectants diluted with water, spray various ways, for animals and the environment with discounted spray disinfectant. 但我们经长期的观察、试验、对比，发现活体消毒的方式反而提高了疾病的发生几率，同时也扩大了疾病爆发的严重程度，也是恶性死亡损失的根源之一。 But we have a long period of observation, testing, comparison and found living disinfection way but to improve the probability of occurrence of the disease, but also to expand the severity of the outbreak, it is one of the root causes of the loss of a vicious death. 原因在于化学消毒剂虽然能够杀死部分环境中的病原体，但同时也严重腐蚀和破坏了动物的气管、支气管、鼻粘膜等呼吸道系统的黏膜免疫防御系统，造成动物极为易感。 The reason is that although chemical disinfectants can kill some pathogens in the environment, but also severe corrosion and damage to the animal's trachea, bronchial, nasal and other respiratory system of the mucosal immune defense system, causing the animals extremely susceptible. 另一方面，大量消毒剂迫使病原微生物不断变异，反而造成更为严重的恶性循环；另外，大量消毒剂残留在粪便中，加入了种植业的生态循环，间接危害了粮食蔬菜水果等食品安全。 On the other hand, a large number of pathogenic microorganisms disinfectant forcing mutating, but caused more serious vicious circle; in addition, a large number of disinfectant residual in the feces, joined the ecological cycle of planting, indirectly endanger food fruits and vegetables and other food safety. 发明内容 针对现有技术中存在的不足，本发明的目的在于提供一种无毒害残留、减少对环境污染和对动物呼吸道腐蚀作用且干燥的养殖用环境净化剂。  for the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention to provide a non-toxic residue, reduce environmental pollution and the corrosive effects on animal respiratory breeding and dried with ambient scavenger.  本发明的一种养殖用环境净化剂，其组分按质量分数计为:蒙脱石30飞0%，硫酸亚铁3飞％，氧化锌2~4%，余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  A culture environment according to the present invention a cleaning agent, which is component mass fraction: 0% Montmorillonite 30 flying, fly 3% ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, 2 to 4%, the balance being green clay family stone layer structure silicate minerals.  进一步，一种养殖用环境净化剂的组分按质量分数计优选为:蒙脱石40飞0%，硫酸亚铁3飞％，氧化锌2~3%，余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  Further a component of aquaculture environment scavenger mass fraction is preferably: 0% montmorillonite 40 flying, fly 3% ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, 2 to 3%, the balance being chlorite family of layered structure silicate minerals.  进一步，一种养殖用环境净化剂的组分按质量分数计优选为:蒙脱石50飞0%，硫酸亚铁3飞％，氧化锌r1.5%，余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  Further a component of aquaculture environment scavenger mass fraction is preferably: 0% montmorillonite 50 flying, fly 3% ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide R1.5%, the balance being chlorite family of layered structure silicate minerals.  进一步，一种养殖用环境净化剂的组分按质量分数计优选为:蒙脱石50%，硫酸亚铁5%，氧化锌2%，余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  Further a component of aquaculture environment scavenger mass fraction is preferably as follows: Montmorillonite 50%, 5% ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, 2%, the balance being a layered structure of silicon chlorite family mineral acid salts.  本发明的一种养殖用环境净化剂的使用方法:将上述组分用专用混合机混合均匀成粉状物质，直接添加到专用消毒设备中，直接用于环境消毒。  A culture method of the present invention use environment scavenger: The above components are mixed uniformly by a mixer into powdery substance specific, added directly to the apparatus for disinfection, sterilization was used directly in the environment.  其中，所述的养殖用环境净化剂的施用量为7~10g/m2 ；所述的蒙脱石是动物一种良好的胃粘膜防护剂，蒙脱石是唯一的一种由人药演变为饲料的品种，对动物止泻的效果也极佳，并且安全绿色。  wherein the amount of the farming environment purifying agent is administered 7 ~ 10g / m2; an animal that is of the smectite good mucosal protective agent, a montmorillonite is the only by a person medicated feed evolved species, the animals antidiarrheal effect is excellent, green and safe. 蒙脱石源于大自然，又回归大自然，对大自然没有破坏，是对环境友善的物质。 Montmorillonite from nature, but also return to nature, there is no damage to the nature of the substance are friendly to the environment. 经过浙江大学饲料科学研究所的测试，纳米蒙脱石对霉菌毒素具有强力吸附作用，吸附力(％)如下:黄曲霉毒素，100%;玉米赤霉烯酮，87%; 赭曲霉毒素,70% ;麦角毒素，100% ;串珠镰孢菌毒素,91`%。 Tested Feed Science Institute of Zhejiang University, nano-montmorillonite of mycotoxins strong adsorption, adsorption force (%) as follows: aflatoxin, 100%; zearalenone, 87%; ochratoxin, 70 %; ergot, 100%; Fusarium moniliforme toxin, 91`%.  无机盐类的硫酸亚铁、氧化锌属于自然界存在的无机盐类，用于净水剂、防腐剂、 消毒剂等；医药上用作抗贫血药及补血剂；作为饲料添加剂的铁强化剂；食用级用作营养增补剂，如铁质强化剂、果蔬发色剂；也可用作肥料，作为植物铁元素的补充剂，防治植物因缺铁而发生的生理性病害。  inorganic salts of ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide belonging inorganic salts existing in nature, for purifying agent, antiseptics, disinfectants and the like; and as antianemic blood medicinally; iron as feed additives enhancer; food grade for nutritional supplements, such as iron supplements, fruit and vegetable coloring agent; also be used as a fertilizer, a plant as iron supplements, physiological control of plant diseases occurring due to iron deficiency.  绿泥石(chlorite)—族层状结构硅酸盐矿物，通常所称的绿泥石，指主要为Mg和Fe的矿物种，即斜绿泥石、鮞绿泥石等。  chlorite (chlorite) - Group layered structure silicate minerals, commonly referred to as chlorite, mainly refers to Mg and Fe mineral species, i.e. clinochlore, chamosite like. 它是一些变质岩的造岩矿物。 It is a rock-forming minerals of some metamorphic rocks. 火成岩中的镁铁矿物如黑云母、角闪石、辉石等在低温热水作用下易形成绿泥石。 Mafic minerals of igneous rocks such as biotite, hornblende, pyroxene chlorite easily formed at a low temperature hydrothermal solution. 其颜色随含铁量的多少呈深浅不同的绿色。 Its color with the iron content was much different shades of green. 玻璃光泽至无光泽，解理面可呈珍珠光泽，主要是中、低温热液作用、浅变质作用和沉积作用的产物。 Glass gloss to matte, the cleavage plane may be pearly, main product, the low temperature hydrothermal, shallow sedimentation and metamorphism.  本发明的特点和有益效果在于:1、蒙脱石的不均匀带电性使其可以吸附各种消化道致病因子，蒙脱石可以保护动物不受霉菌毒素和有害细菌的侵害，添加蒙脱石已成为适合在大规模饲料生产中脱霉措施的首选;2、本发明的养殖用环境净化剂不含有机化学消毒剂和药物等有害成分，蒙脱石等硅铝酸盐不能被动物吸收，无毒害残留，残留到粪便中，反而有助于种植业土壤的改良。  The features and advantages of the present invention wherein: 1, montmorillonite unevenness chargeability so that it can absorb all the causative agent of digestive tract, can protect the animals from montmorillonites and mycotoxins against harmful bacteria, adding montmorillonite has become suitable mold release measures mass feed manufacturing preferred; 2, breeding environment of the present invention is free of organic chemical disinfectants and purifying drugs and other harmful ingredients, such as montmorillonite aluminosilicate not is absorbed by the animal, no toxic residue remaining in the stool, but will help improve the soil for farming. 在控制疾病方面，其不但可以净化空气中氨气、硫化氢等有害气体，直接避免有害气体对呼吸系统的腐蚀侵害，避免了化学消毒剂的毒副作用，而且能够最大程度的吸附减少空气中病毒病菌的病原微生物，大幅度降低了呼吸道疾病的发病率，同时也起到干燥环境的作用，不利于病原微生物的繁殖生存；3、本发明的养殖用环境净化剂不腐蚀鸡笼，减少养殖成本和养殖工人的工作量，具有很高的经济效益。 In controlling the disease, which can not only purify the air in ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and other harmful gases, harmful gases directly to avoid corrosive attack on the respiratory system, to avoid the toxic side effects of chemical disinfectants, and the greatest degree of adsorption of the virus to reduce air bacteria of pathogenic microorganisms, a significant reduction in the incidence of respiratory disease, also play a role in dry conditions, survival is not conducive to the propagation of pathogenic microorganisms; 3, breeding cages of the present invention does not use corrosive environment purification, reducing cost of breeding and workload farming workers, with high economic efficiency. 具体实施方式 以下结合实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION  The following embodiments in conjunction with the present invention will be further described.  实施例1一种养殖用环境净化剂，其组分按质量分数计为:蒙脱石30%，硫酸亚铁6%，氧化锌4%,余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  Example 1 A culture environment with the embodiment scavenger which is component mass fraction: 30% montmorillonite, 6% of ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, 4%, the balance being a layered structure chlorite family silicate minerals.  应用例刘光，山东寿光，母猪30头，肥猪300头:养殖过程中，每周用本发明净化剂带猪消毒一次，秋后，周围养殖户饲养的猪普遍出现呼吸道病，他家只有个别保育猪咳嗽，用本发明净化剂进行辅助治疗，施用量为7g/m2，没有用其他药，连喷三天后痊愈。  Application Example Liu, Shouguang, 30 sow, pig 300: breeding process, the cleaning agent of the present invention weekly disinfected once with pigs, autumn, around farmers with pigs respiratory disease prevalence his family only individual nursery cough, adjuvant treatment with the cleaning agent of the present invention is administered in an amount of 7g / m2, with no other drugs, even recovered three days after spraying.  实施例2一种养殖用环境净化剂， 其组分按质量分数计为:蒙脱石40%，硫酸亚铁3%，氧化锌2%,余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  Example 2 using one kind of embodiment aquaculture environment scavenger which is component mass fraction: 40% montmorillonite, 3% ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, 2%, the balance being a layered structure chlorite family silicate minerals.  应用例姜宝京，吉林敦化，20头母猪，175头肥猪:长年坚持每周喷一次本发明净化剂，施用量为8g/m2，今年春天周围养殖户大面积爆发病毒性腹泻，他家饲养的猪没有任何发病症状。  Application Example Jiangbao Beijing, Jilin Dun, 20 sows, 175 pigs: spray once a week for many years purifying agent of the present invention, the application rate of 8g / m2, farmers this spring around a large area of the outbreak of viral diarrhea , his family raised pigs without any onset of symptoms.  实施例3一种养殖用环境净化剂，其组分按质量分数计为:蒙脱石50%，硫酸亚铁5%，氧化锌2%,余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  Example 3 using one kind of embodiment aquaculture environment scavenger which is component mass fraction: 50% montmorillonite, 5% of ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, 2%, the balance being a layered structure chlorite family silicate minerals.  应用例山东莱州夏邱宋家，宋华宽，22头母猪，一次口蹄疫使得一窝猪患病，用上本发明净化剂后，施用量为9g/m2，水泡结痂很快，7天恢复了，以前家里的猪只要一窝感染，其他窝大都被传染，需要半个月左右方才恢复，这次控制在一窝没有传染其他窝，而且恢复快。  Application Example Laizhou Xiaqiu Soong, Song Huakuan, 22 sows, one pig litter FMD so ill, Spend scavenger present invention, administered in an amount of 9g / m2, crusting blisters quickly, 7 He restored the day, as long as the former home of a litter of pigs infected other nest mostly infected, it takes about two weeks just to recover, this is not a nest of infection control in other nests, and rapid recovery.  实施例4一种养殖用环境净化剂，其组分按质量分数计为:蒙脱石55%，硫酸亚铁4%，氧化锌2.5%，余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  Example 4 using one kind of embodiment aquaculture environment scavenger which is component mass fraction: 55% montmorillonite, 4% of ferrous sulfate, 2.5% zinc oxide, the balance being a layered structure chlorite family silicate minerals.  应用例沙河海郑，邹绪明，35头母猪，周围邻居饲养的猪都感染口蹄疫，他家有两头育肥猪感染，在发病期间每天每晚喷一次本发明净化剂，施用量为10g/m2，其他猪没感染，往年的时候只要村里有猪患病，就会有30%的感染率；喷上本发明净化剂以后猪咳嗽的少，猪舍气味比以前好，而且很干燥，不像以往那么潮湿，擦小猪后结干快，而且撒上后小猪不拉稀。  Application Example River Hai Cheng, Zou Xuming, 35 sows, neighbors with pigs are infected with foot and mouth disease, his family has two finishing pigs infected during the onset of night spraying a cleaning agent of the present invention per day, administered in an amount of 10g / m2, other infected pigs did not, as long as in previous years, when the village pigs sick, there will be a 30% infection rate; less after spray cleaning agent of the invention pigs cough, barn smell better than before, and very dry, so unlike a conventional wet, dry quickly after wiping junction pig, and the pig is not sprinkle diarrhea.  实施例5一种养殖用环境净化剂，其组分按质量分数计为:蒙脱石60%，硫酸亚铁4.5%，氧化锌3%，余量为绿泥石一族层状结构硅酸盐矿物。  Example 5 using one kind of embodiment aquaculture environment scavenger which is component mass fraction: 60% montmorillonite, ferrous sulfate 4.5%, 3% zinc oxide, the balance being a layered structure chlorite family silicate minerals.  应用例枣庄市市中区，庄伟强，肉鸡2万只:用本发明净化剂给鸡舍消毒喷雾大约I个多月， 每周喷两次，施用量为7g/m2，其效果如下:(1)感觉舍内的氨气等臭味减少了，苍蝇蚊子明显减少，以前鸡冠上有秘密的小结痂， 晚上鸡乱动，影响生长，现在鸡舍晚上比较安静；(2)喷雾后不腐蚀鸡笼，以前用的消毒剂兑水喷雾，笼子两三年就锈了，需要除锈或更换鸡笼，增加养殖成本；(3)现在地面很干爽，以前冬天喷水剂消毒，很潮湿阴冷，养殖的肉食鸡容易得呼吸道疾病，需要使用药物提前预防，增加养殖成本；(4)整个鸡场很平稳，考虑到设备成本加上消毒粉的钱，比用其他消毒剂消毒减少养殖成本，增加了经济效益。 Central  Application Example Zaozhuang City, Zhuangwei Jiang, 20,000 broilers: a scavenger of the present invention to a sterilizing mist house about I month, twice weekly injection, administered in an amount of 7g / m2, the effect is as follows (2) spray; (1) feeling discounted ammonia and other odor reducing, flies mosquitoes significantly reduced, before a small scab on the crest of a secret night tamper with chicken, growth, and now the house is relatively quiet at night: non-corrosive cages, disinfectant spray watered previously used, rusty cage two or three years, rust or need to replace the cages, increased farming costs; (3) the ground is very dry, spray a disinfectant before winter, it is cold and damp, chickens farmed susceptible to respiratory diseases, early prevention requires the use of drugs, increased farming costs; (4) the entire farm is very smooth, taking into account the cost of equipment plus disinfectant money than other disinfectants to reduce breeding costs and increase economic efficiency.