CN103544875A - Cause demonstrating instrument for lunar phase, solar eclipse and lunar eclipse - Google Patents

Cause demonstrating instrument for lunar phase, solar eclipse and lunar eclipse Download PDF

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CN103544875A
CN103544875A CN201310525040.3A CN201310525040A CN103544875A CN 103544875 A CN103544875 A CN 103544875A CN 201310525040 A CN201310525040 A CN 201310525040A CN 103544875 A CN103544875 A CN 103544875A
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moon
earth
ecliptic
lunar
sun
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黄声会
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Abstract

A cause demonstrating instrument for a lunar phase, a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse is composed of an ecliptic circular annular face, an ecliptic, a lunar orbit face, a lunar orbit, a fixed star, a sun, an earth, a moon and a wireless camera. An earth and moon opposite rotation vortex center theory of celestial body revolution of the sun, the earth and the moon is provided and according to the theory, a demonstrating model is designed and used for explaining forming reasons and change rules of the lunar phase, the solar eclipse and the lunar eclipse. The cause demonstrating instrument for the lunar phase, the solar eclipse and the lunar eclipse has the advantages that the earth and moon opposite rotation vortex center theory of celestial body revolution of the sun, the earth and the moon is provided; the phenomenon that the moon tours the heaven for a circle with the center of a vortex serving as the center of a circle every sidereal month can be demonstrated, wherein each sidereal month includes 27.321661 days; the phenomenon that every synodic month includes 29.53059 days can be demonstrated and explained, after one synodic month, the phenomenon that the sun and the moon are located in the same longitude on a celestial sphere happens exactly, and the continuous change of the lunar phase is demonstrated repeatedly; the phenomenon that meridian transit moments of the moon on different days are different can be demonstrated and explained and the phenomenon refers to the condition that the moon rises 49 minutes later at one night than the last night; the forming reasons of the solar eclipse and the lunar eclipse can be demonstrated and explained.

Description

The phases of the moon, solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation demonstrator
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of uranology principle model, particularly relate to a kind of for explaining the principle model of formation and the variation of solar lunar eclipse and the phases of the moon.
Background technology
At present, for the demonstration instrument of solar lunar eclipse, the phases of the moon all based on designing and producing under " heliocentric theory " theory: the sun is motionless center, the earth be take a tropic year as the cycle and is circled around the sun on ecliptic with the moon, the moon be take again a lunar month lunation as the cycle and circled around the earth.
If take fixed star as reference, two kinds of motions of this of the moon are impossible simultaneous, and the moon, both with respect to the fixed star motion of touring the heavens, circles around the earth again, and two kinds of motions of this of the moon are to unify, simultaneous.First, the earth all needs 365.242199 days tropic years, just can tour the heavens one week, and the moon turning around the earth can be toured the heavens one week by a sidereal month on the 27.321661st; Secondly, the motion if the moon can be toured the heavens circles again the simultaneous words of energy centered by the earth, and that earth is motionless fixed star namely not, and the earth has been exactly the center of celestial sphere in other words, and obviously this is not correct.
And if take the earth as reference, the astronomical phenomena result of the moon that we observe on earth operation but: the moon is with respect to the sun, take a lunar month lunation 29.53059 as the cycle around earth rotation one week.
According to " heliocentric theory " theory, in the solar system, the sun is the motionless center that in the solar system, each planet rotates, and the earth turns on ecliptic with the moon, and the earth is calculated as follows from circling for another day:
Rotational-angular velocity of the earth is:
The every sidereal month of the moon is toured the heavens one week on the 27.321661st, and the angular velocity of rotation is:
When a lunar month lunation close the first day of the lunar month time, the sun and the moon are gone down the hill simultaneously, therefore can't see the whole night the moon, arrived when junior two day, the sun sets, the moon has turned over 13.176358 ° counterclockwise around the earth, that is to say after the sun is gone down the hill from the west of the earth, the earth obtains after 13.176358 ° of rotations again, the moon just can be gone down the hill, within the lunar month lunation every day like this, the rest may be inferred.
The speed calculating moon slow time of rising of every day of base area revolutions is:
After one lunar month lunation 29.53059, have:
One, the time that the moon rises altogether is late: 29.53059 * 0.878424 o'clock=25.940379 o'clock, that is to say when the earth forwards next to and closes the first day of the lunar month, the moon can not be gone down the hill with the sun simultaneously, circulation enters cycle period at next at lunar month lunation, but to lag 1.940379 o'clock, therefore can not take, close the first day of the lunar month as period-producer a lunar month lunation, this and Astronomical Observations Related also do not meet.
Two, moon corotation over-angle is: 29.53059 * 13.176358 °=389.105640 °, in the lunar month lunation, the angle that the moon turns over respect to the earth is over 360 °, that is to say when the earth forwards next to and closes the first day of the lunar month, the moon angles that turn over is 389.105640 °-360 °=29.105640 ° more, can not take and close the first day of the lunar month as period-producer a lunar month lunation, this does not meet the observation of astronomical phenomena yet.
According to above calculating, the lunar phase demonstration instrument that " heliocentric theory " be theoretical foundation if take, can not demonstrate the phases of the moon and take and close the first day of the lunar month as period-producer a lunar month lunation, can not demonstrate the circulation astronomical phenomena that the phases of the moon is gone round and begun again.Therefore the lunar phase demonstration instrument of manufacturing in " heliocentric theory " theoretical foundation is the formation reason that can not demonstrate the explanation phases of the moon with Changing Pattern, can not demonstrate explanation phenomenon below:
The one, can not demonstrate the every sidereal month of the proof moon and within 27.321661st, tour the heavens one week;
The 2nd, can not demonstrate and prove that be 29.53059 per lunar month lunation, after the lunar month lunation, can just close the first day of the lunar month again, repeat to demonstrate the continuous variation of the phases of the moon;
The 3rd, can not demonstrate the difference on transit time of proof moon every day, the moon is than evening before that day slower approximately 49 minutes every night in other words.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes the ground moon of a kind of sun, the earth, the moon three motion of celestial body to turning whirlpool center theory, and according to this Theoretical Design a kind of phases of the moon, solar lunar eclipse demonstrating model, be used for explaining that the phases of the moon, solar lunar eclipse form reason and Changing Pattern, the effect that it is useful:
The one, proposed to turning whirlpool center theory the ground moon of a kind of sun, the earth, the moon three celestial operating rules;
The 2nd, can demonstrate the explanation moon every sidereal month and within 27.321661st, take whirlpool center and as the center of circle, tour the heavens one week;
The 3rd, can demonstrate and illustrate that be 29.53059 per lunar month lunation, after the lunar month lunation, can just close the first day of the lunar month again, repeat to demonstrate the continuous variation of the phases of the moon;
The 4th, can demonstrate the difference on transit time of explanation moon every day, the moon is than evening before that day slower approximately 49 minutes every night.
The 5th, can demonstrate the formation reason that solar lunar eclipse is described.
Implementer's case
Moon phase cause demonstrator of the present invention is by ecliptic anchor ring, ecliptic, normal society face, normal society, fixed star, the sun, the earth, the moon, wireless camera, display forms, and described ecliptic anchor ring and normal society face have the public center of circle, and normal society face is in ecliptic anchor ring, ecliptic anchor ring and normal society face have the angle of 5.15 °, and the described sun is located on the ecliptic of ecliptic anchor ring, the described earth, the moon is located on the normal society at diameter two ends of normal society, and camera is located at earth surface.
The described center of circle be the earth, the moon to turning formed whirlpool center, be the mid point of ground moon line, be the center of circle that the sun rotates, be also the public center of circle of ecliptic anchor ring and normal society face.
Described ecliptic is by 365.242199 deciles centered by the center of circle, approximately 0.985647 ° of every decile, and around the center of circle, counterclockwise east turns a decile to the sun on ecliptic every day, 0.985647 °.
Described normal society is by 27.321661 deciles centered by the center of circle, approximately 13.176358 ° of every deciles, the earth, moon every day on the normal society at diameter two ends of normal society separately around the center of circle counterclockwise to turning a decile, 13.176358 °.
Described normal society face is in ecliptic anchor ring, and there is the obliquity of the moon path of 5.15 ° on two sides, and intersect on two sides two intersection points, i.e. yellowish-white intersection point.
The described earth, with counter clockwise direction rotation, 360.985647 ° of rotations every day.
Described fixed star is the motionless fixed star being located at outside ecliptic.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the phases of the moon, solar lunar eclipse demonstrator;
Wherein 1 is the center of circle, and 2 is ecliptic anchor ring, and 3 is ecliptic, and 4 is the sun, and 5 is the moon, and 6 is normal society face, and 7 is normal society, and 8 is the earth, and 9 is fixed star.
Embodiment
The demonstration of moon phase cause:
The sun is toured the heavens on ecliptic needs 365.242199 days tropic years in one week, and the sun is eastbound counterclockwise around whirlpool center on ecliptic every day:
The moon is toured the heavens on normal society needs a sidereal month 27.321661 days in one week, and the moon is eastbound counterclockwise around whirlpool center on normal society every day:
When take fixed star as normative reference, the moon is to take a sidereal month as the cycle motion of touring the heavens, the sun be take the motion of touring the heavens of a tropic year as cycle, interplanetary other planet, as Mars, Jupiter, Saturn etc., also the motion of all touring the heavens, so the earth should not make an exception yet, the earth also should have the motion of touring the heavens to be inevitable.
In all celestial bodies, due to the earth and the moon nearest, distance is each other relatively stable constant again, therefore, when the moon is toured the heavens motion in celestial sphere, the motion conditions of the earth in celestial sphere just only have three kinds may: the earth is that the center of circle or the moon that the moon rotates is the center of circle that the earth rotates, and the earth and the moon around a certain public center of circle to turning.
The first, is the theory of the earth's core, is obviously incorrect.
The second, is to say in mind by the moon, and this has identical incorrect part with the theory of the earth's core.
The third, illustrate the moon motion of touring the heavens, the earth motion of also touring the heavens.
In same whirlpool, the closer to the celestial body on the track at whirlpool center, its angular velocity around whirlpool center rotating is faster, cycle length of touring the heavens is shorter, more, away from the celestial body on the track at whirlpool center, its angular velocity around whirlpool center rotating is slower, and the cycle length of touring the heavens is just longer.Between each planet in the operational process of touring the heavens, will be mutual in distance away from close, there are punching and the astronomical phenomena that close.
And distance between the earth and the moon, but not away from the variation with close, but remain unchanged.Therefore the earth, the moon should around whirlpool center with same radius at same track, and with the identical periodic duty of touring the heavens, be the earth, the moon all on the normal society in normal society face, around whirlpool center with rail with in the face of turning, its just as female and male fish in the Chinese Diagram of the Supreme Ultimate to turning the same.
Therefore, the earth is also also toured the heavens one week with a sidereal month on normal society on the 27.321661st, and also every day, around whirlpool center, counterclockwise eastbound angular velocity was the earth on normal society:
Due to the sun on ecliptic around eastbound 0.985647 ° of whirlpool center per solar day, the earth just must rotation with respect to the sun within a solar day 360.985647 °, the spin velocity of the earth is just:
Take angular velocity that 23: 56: 4 sidereal day (closing 23.934444 o'clock) calculates earth rotation as:
Above two kinds of values that calculate about rotational-angular velocity of the earth method are very identical, the two differ be 0.00001610 °/time, be only 6/100000ths.Proved in Astronomical Observations Related and to have existed eastbound 0.985647 ° of sun every day, the angle that has also simultaneously proved the per rotation on solar day of the earth is 360.985647 °.
The spin velocity of the earth is not because take respectively the difference that fixed star and the sun be reference standard, and result of calculation is different.The rotational velocity that the earth is described is self outwardness.
When first day of the lunar month at a lunar month lunation, the sun and the moon are gone down the hill simultaneously, can't see the moon evening first day of the lunar month, after one day, the earth, the moon are 13.176358 ° around the angle that turns over counterclockwise at whirlpool center, the sun is 0.985647 ° around the angle that turns over counterclockwise at whirlpool center, therefore a certain ocean weather station observation on earth, the angle that the moon just turns over respect to the sun more is:
13.176358°-0.985647°=12.190711°
When the moment that the sun sets junior two day, the moon has turned over 12.190711 ° than the sun more eastwards, and the earth must be again from turning over after these 12.190711 ° of angles, and the moon just can be gone down the hill, and the earth turns over these 12.190711 ° of required times and is:
The rest may be inferred, and the later every day within the lunar month lunation is like this, and the moon is than sun every day all lately rising to fall late, so also just lag 48 minutes and 37.78 seconds the transit time of the phases of the moon every day.
After one lunar month lunation 29.53059:
One, the moon time of rising evening is altogether: 29.53059 * 0.810495 o'clock=23.934396 o'clock, close 23: 56: 4, and just can enter next lunar month lunation, demonstrate again and again the Changing Pattern of the phases of the moon.
Two, the angle that the earth, the moon turn over separately around whirlpool center is: 29.53059 * 13.176358 °=389.105640 °, the angle that the sun turns over around whirlpool center is: 29.53059 * 0.985647 °=29.106747 °, if take the sun as reference, the earth, the moon with respect to the sun to the angle turning over are: 389.105640 °-29.106747 °=359.998893 °, the moon is just to turning over the circulation that can enter next lunar month lunation after a circumference.
Due to the sun eastbound 0.985647 ° counterclockwise of every day again on ecliptic, every day, the earth must rotation with respect to the sun 360.985647 °, the sun be take again as standard in the east of the earth, therefore concerning tellurian certain a bit, the east of seeing every day changes on celestial sphere, tour the heavens one week with one tropic year of the sun, so that the starry sky of observing on the earth is throughout the year different, the cycle of variation is a tropic year.
The earth is made positive circular-rotation around whirlpool center, and its radius is half of distance between the earth, the moon, and the liftoff ball of fixed star is far, so stellar astronomy is very small, therefore be difficult to accurately measure.For the earth, stellar astronomy should be sidereal month parallax, rather than sidereal year parallax.
During demonstration moon phase cause, open the power switch of the sun, light the sun, the light that the sun sends will illuminate half of the moon, while rotating demonstrator, by the mechanical drive between gear, work as the earth, the moon is also rotation of earth when turning around whirlpool center, and the earth, when every pair, the moon turns over 13.176358 °, 360.985647 ° of earth rotations, the sun also also turns over counterclockwise 0.985647 ° around whirlpool center on ecliptic simultaneously, be contained in the camera of earth surface, the correct moon is taken the phases of the moon at any time, and through display, on screen, show the phases of the moon, rotate continuously, just can demonstrate formation reason and the Changing Pattern of the phases of the moon at lunar month lunation.
The demonstration of the solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation:
Solar lunar eclipse occurrence condition has two: the one, and first and the fifteenth day of the lunar month condition, solar eclipse must occur in the first day of the lunar month, and lunar eclipse must be visible; The 2nd, intersection point condition, it is north near yellowish-white intersection point or its that solar eclipse is that life is closed, lunar eclipse is that life punching is hoped near yellowish-white intersection point.
Demonstration solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation principle of the present invention is as follows, the sun 365.242199 days tropic years on ecliptic tour the heavens one week counterclockwise, the earth, the moon were toured the heavens counterclockwise one week one lunar month lunation 29.53059 on normal society, and ecliptic plane and normal society face have 5.15 ° of angles, and normal society and ecliptic have again two intersection points, it is yellowish-white intersection point, and these two intersection points all head west clockwise along ecliptic anchor ring every day, i.e. the regression of nodes, approximately 19 ° 21 of annual regression ', close 19.35 °, velocity of recession is:
If the sun is on ecliptic, after an intersection point, the sun continues operation counterclockwise, this intersection point just having passed through will the clockwise regression with the speed of 0.052979 °/day, simultaneously, another intersection point also will be with 0.052979 ° of/day clockwise regression on ecliptic, after 6 lunar month lunations: two intersection points each regression angle on ecliptic is:
6 * 29.53059 days * 0.052979 °/day=9.387007 °
That is to say, the sun one intersection point sets out, in the process toward another intersection point, another intersection point will to the sun near operation, when the sun carrys out another intersection point, 9.387007 ° of regressions of another intersection point, the sun tour the heavens turn over this angle take time into:
With the sun, tour the heavens to take time for one week and calculate for 365.242199th, the sun half cycle of touring the heavens takes time 182.621100, and in during this period of time, intersection point is close 9.523697 days around ecliptic to the sun, therefore the sun from an intersection point to another intersection point required time is on ecliptic:
182.621100-9.523697=173.097402 day
If the first some intersection points therein of the sun, are just closing the first day of the lunar month or hoping punching day, solar eclipse or lunar eclipse have occurred, when after 173 days, the sun arrives near another intersection point, and at this moment will form solar lunar eclipse, also must meet the condition of the first and the fifteenth day of the lunar month.
According to the time at 6 lunar month lunations be:
6 * 29.53059=177.18354
Also to wait until approximately 4 days, be only and close the first day of the lunar month or hope punching day, corresponding solar lunar eclipse also just likely occurs.
Therefore, the time interval that solar lunar eclipse occurs be 177 days be the integral multiple of radix, mostly be 1 times 177 days, 2 times 354 days.The terminal conditions occurring in conjunction with solar lunar eclipse again, just can calculate and analog demenstration accurately to the formation of solar lunar eclipse.
Foregoing, is only embodiments of the invention, is not restriction embodiment of the present invention, and those skilled in the art are according to design of the present invention, and the appropriate adaptation of having done or modification, all should be within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the phases of the moon, a solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation demonstrator, by ecliptic anchor ring, ecliptic, normal society face, normal society, fixed star, the sun, the earth, the moon, wireless camera, display forms, and described ecliptic anchor ring and normal society face have the public center of circle, normal society face is in ecliptic anchor ring, and ecliptic anchor ring and normal society face have the angle of 5.15 °, and the described sun is located on the ecliptic of ecliptic anchor ring, the described earth, the moon is located on the normal society at diameter two ends of normal society, and camera is located at earth surface.
2. the phases of the moon according to claim 1, solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation demonstrator, it is characterized in that: the described center of circle is that the earth, the moon are to turning formed whirlpool center, for the mid point of ground moon line, be the center of circle that the sun rotates, be also the public center of circle of ecliptic anchor ring and normal society face.
3. the phases of the moon according to claim 1, solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation demonstrator, it is characterized in that: described ecliptic is by 365.242199 deciles centered by the center of circle, approximately 0.985647 ° of every decile, around the center of circle, counterclockwise east turns a decile to the sun on ecliptic every day, 0.985647 °.
4. the phases of the moon according to claim 1, solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation demonstrator, it is characterized in that: described normal society is by 27.321661 deciles centered by the center of circle, approximately 13.176358 ° of every deciles, the earth, moon every day on the normal society at diameter two ends of normal society separately around the center of circle counterclockwise to turning a decile, 13.176358 °.
5. the phases of the moon according to claim 1, solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation demonstrator, is characterized in that: described normal society face is in ecliptic anchor ring, and there is the obliquity of the moon path of 5.15 ° on two sides, and intersect on two sides two intersection points, i.e. yellowish-white intersection point.
6. the phases of the moon according to claim 1, solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation demonstrator, is characterized in that: the described earth, with counter clockwise direction rotation, every day, rotation 360.985647.
7. the phases of the moon according to claim 1, solar lunar eclipse origin cause of formation demonstrator, is characterized in that: described fixed star is the motionless fixed star being located at outside ecliptic.
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