CN103535530A - Mixed feed for mixed culture of litopenaeus vannamei and grass carp and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Mixed feed for mixed culture of litopenaeus vannamei and grass carp and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103535530A
CN103535530A CN201210237779.XA CN201210237779A CN103535530A CN 103535530 A CN103535530 A CN 103535530A CN 201210237779 A CN201210237779 A CN 201210237779A CN 103535530 A CN103535530 A CN 103535530A
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China
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feed
grass carp
litopenaeus vannamei
meal
environment
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CN201210237779.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103535530B (en
Inventor
程传龙
郑石轩
程开敏
朱学芝
张其华
张璐
段培昌
李素莹
张建强
刘丽燕
许合金
卢曦
张华军
赵鑫
郑丽明
刘仙钦
李小銮
邓田芳
曹小华
彭卫正
郑真龙
唐志坚
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中山粤海饲料有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a mixed feed for mixed culture of litopenaeus vannamei and grass carp and a preparation method of the mixed feed. The mixed culture is prepared from multiple kinds of feeds such as fish meal, meat and bone meal, bean pulp and the like, which are preferred and easy to digest and absorb, through the steps of grinding, quality crafting, granulating and drying. Coated methionine is added in the formula of the feed to improve the balance of whole formula in an amino acid mode; squid liver paste is added to improve the food attracting performance of the feed; shrimp shell meal, monocalcium phosphate, cholesterol and the like are added into the feed to ensure the requirements for calcium, phosphorus and the like during shell change of the litopenaeus vannamei and skeletal development of the grass carp; and bacillus subtilis and beta-glucan are added to enhance the digestive tract function and the immune capacity of bred animals. The raw materials in the mixed feed are all conventional raw materials, and have stable sources and low prices, therefore, the feed cost is effectively reduced; and furthermore, the mixed feed has high effective conversion rate and low feed coefficient (0.9-1.4), the survival rate of the litopenaeus vannamei during breeding is improved by about 30%, the survival rate of the grass carp is improved by about 20%, and the total output of the two bred animals is improved by about 30%.

Description

A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of aquatic animal feed, particularly relate to a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low (Litopenaeus vannamei), originates in America.According to statistics, Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output accounts for the more than 75% of China's prawn total output in recent years.Along with the develop rapidly of its aquaculture, relevant research is also in like a raging fire carrying out.Open relevant its nearly hundred of scientific achievements such as Chinese patent application, as Chinese patent application CN 101099541A low salinity stocking Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low additive premix, Chinese patent application CN 1923032A humic acid Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed etc.

Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) has been commonly called as: grass carp, careless grass carp.It belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae grass carp and belongs to, and is typical herbivorous fishes.Because its growth is rapid, feed resource is wide, is one of four large Chinese carps of CHINESE FRESHWATER cultivation.

Along with the development of culture fishery, intensive culture pattern has run into the bottleneck phase of himself development gradually.Now, Polyculture is growing up gradually because it has the advantage place that intensive culture pattern do not have (as raising together with the sick diseases prevention of control between kind, mutual reciprocity and mutual benefit etc.), and be subject to everybody great attention.Wherein Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp desalination pond polyculture pattern has become one of important aquaculture model in Pearl River Delta, Guangdong and even neighboring area.In its cultivation development, the research that is directed to this Polyculture is but comparatively weak.The trophism researchs such as its special feed still less.Generally everybody throws something and feeds with Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed or Ctenopharyngodon idellua feed.Feed effective rate of utilization is low, cannot meet well Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and the grass carp comprehensive demand to nutrition completely, and operation is too loaded down with trivial details.

Summary of the invention

First object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture, meets under Polyculture Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and the grass carp comprehensive demand to nutrition respectively, makes up Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp and raises together with the deficiency in special feed research.

Second object of the present invention is for the preparation method of above-mentioned Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture is provided.

First object of the present invention can reach by the following technical programs:

A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture, it is characterized in that it component and percetage by weight scope respectively: fish meal 10-20, meat meal tankage 1-5, dregs of beans 15-25, peanut press pulp 1-5, the concentrated albumen-powder of soybeans 1-5, Cottonseed Meal 5-10, corn protein powder 1-5, wheat bran 5-10, molasses yeast 1-3, DDGS 1-5, squid cream 1-3, shrimp shell meal 1-3, Strong flour 20-25, ocean fish oil 0.1-0.5, soybean oil 1-2, soybean lecithin 1-2, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5-1, medical stone powder 1-2, Choline Chloride 0.1-0.5, vitamin C-phosphate (35%) 0.05-0.1, cholesterol 0.1-0.3, coating methionine 0.01-0.1, bacillus subtilis 0.1-0.3, beta glucan 0.1-0.3, compound vitamin 0.1-0.5, composite mineral salt 0.5-1.

Second object of the present invention can reach by the following technical programs:

The preparation method of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture, comprises the following steps:

1) first accurately take each component;

2) the larger component of particle is pulverized for the first time, then by mixer, stirred;

3) will mix material and carry out ultramicro grinding (crossing 80 mesh sieves);

4) then material is added in quality-adjusting device, pass into hot steam, keep material and space temperature 87-95 ℃, carry out modified (3-6 minute);

5) the modified material completing is added to granulator successively, (87-97 ℃) granulates;

6) particle drying and cooling, stores or packs after the powder that sieves.

A kind of embodiment of second object of the present invention is: described step 4), refining temperature is selected 93 ℃, and the modified time is 3 minutes.

A kind of embodiment of second object of the present invention is: described step 5), pelleting temperature is selected 95 ℃.

The present invention has following outstanding beneficial effect:

1, effectively meet both comprehensive demands to nutriment of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp;

2, in raw material selection, taken into full account the omnivorous and herbvore life habit of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp;

3, the effective rate of utilization that has obviously improved feed, feed coefficient is lower;

4, raw materials used is conventional raw materials enjoy stable sources, cheap, effectively reduces feed cost.

The specific embodiment

Specific embodiment 1:

The mixed feed of the present embodiment is made by the component of following percentage by weight: fish meal 18, meat meal tankage 3, dregs of beans 18, peanut press pulp 4, the concentrated albumen-powder of soybeans 2, Cottonseed Meal 5, corn protein powder 3, wheat bran 7, molasses yeast 2, DDGS 3, squid cream 2, shrimp shell meal 2, Strong flour 24, ocean fish oil 0.3, soybean oil 1.4, soybean lecithin 2, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5, medical stone powder 1, Choline Chloride 0.2, vitamin C-phosphate (35%) 0.05, cholesterol 0.1, coating methionine 0.05, bacillus subtilis 0.2, beta glucan 0.2, compound vitamin 0.5, composite mineral salt 0.5.

The preparation method of the mixed feed of the present embodiment comprises the following steps:

1) first accurately take each component;

2) the larger component of particle is pulverized for the first time, then by mixer, stirred;

3) will mix material and carry out ultramicro grinding (crossing 80 mesh sieves);

4) then material is added in quality-adjusting device, pass into hot steam, keep material and space temperature 87-95 ℃, carry out modified (3-6 minute);

5) the modified material completing is added to granulator successively, (87-97 ℃) granulates;

6) particle drying and cooling, stores or packs after the powder that sieves.

Wherein, described step 4) refining temperature is selected 93 ℃, and the modified time is 3 minutes, described step 5) pelleting temperature selects 95 ℃.

Specific embodiment 2:

The mixed feed of the present embodiment is made by the component of following percentage by weight: fish meal 15, meat meal tankage 4, dregs of beans 22, peanut press pulp 4, the concentrated albumen-powder of soybeans 3, Cottonseed Meal 6, corn protein powder 3, wheat bran 6, molasses yeast 2, DDGS 2, squid cream 2, shrimp shell meal 2, Strong flour 22, ocean fish oil 0.3, soybean oil 1.4, soybean lecithin 2, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5, medical stone powder 1, Choline Chloride 0.2, vitamin C-phosphate (35%) 0.05, cholesterol 0.1, coating methionine 0.05, bacillus subtilis 0.2, beta glucan 0.2, compound vitamin 0.5, composite mineral salt 0.5.Its preparation method is with specific embodiment 1.

Specific embodiment 3:

The mixed feed of the present embodiment is made by the component of following percentage by weight: fish meal 13, meat meal tankage 5, dregs of beans 25, peanut press pulp 4, the concentrated albumen-powder of soybeans 4, Cottonseed Meal 7, corn protein powder 3, wheat bran 5, molasses yeast 2, DDGS 1, squid cream 2, shrimp shell meal 2, Strong flour 20, ocean fish oil 0.3, soybean oil 1.4, soybean lecithin 2, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5, medical stone powder 1, Choline Chloride 0.2, vitamin C-phosphate (35%) 0.05, cholesterol 0.1, coating methionine 0.05, bacillus subtilis 0.2, beta glucan 0.2, compound vitamin 0.5, composite mineral salt 0.5.Its preparation method is with specific embodiment 1.

Application example of the present invention:

Take fish meal 10.0kg, meat meal tankage 3.0kg, dregs of beans 24.0kg, peanut press pulp 4.0kg, the concentrated albumen-powder of soybeans 4.0kg, Cottonseed Meal 8.0kg, corn protein powder 2.0kg, wheat bran 7.0kg, molasses yeast 1.0kg, DDGS 4.0kg, squid cream 2.0kg, shrimp shell meal 2.0kg, Strong flour 22.0kg, ocean fish oil 0.5kg, soybean oil 1.0kg, soybean lecithin 1.0kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.0kg, medical stone powder 1.0kg, Choline Chloride 0.3kg, vitamin C-phosphate (35%) 0.1kg, cholesterol 0.2kg, coating methionine 0.1kg, bacillus subtilis 0.2kg, beta glucan 0.1kg, compound vitamin 0.5kg, composite mineral salt 1.0kg.

Then according to following preparation process, be prepared:

1) first accurately take each component;

2) the larger component of particle is pulverized for the first time, then by mixer, stirred;

3) will mix material and carry out ultramicro grinding (crossing 80 mesh sieves);

4) then material is added in quality-adjusting device, pass into hot steam, keep 93 ℃ of material and space temperatures, carry out modified (3 minutes);

5) the modified material completing is added to granulator successively, granulate (95 ℃);

6) particle drying and cooling, stores or packs after the powder that sieves.

Prepared finished product is Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low of the present invention and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture.

Result shows that a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low of the present invention and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture can effectively meet the comprehensive nutrition demand of two kinds of cultivated animals.In Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp breeding process, grow fine, growth rapidly, physically fit.Wherein prawn survival rate improves 30% left and right, and grass carp survival rate improves 20% left and right.Compare with feed Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low or grass carp puffing material, the effective trans-utilization rate of a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low of the present invention and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture is high, feed coefficient low (0.9-1.4).It can improve the more than 30% of two kinds of cultivated animals total outputs.

Claims (5)

1. an Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture and preparation method thereof, it is characterized in that it component and percetage by weight scope respectively: fish meal 10-20, meat meal tankage 1-5, dregs of beans 15-25, peanut press pulp 1-5, the concentrated albumen-powder of soybeans 1-5, Cottonseed Meal 5-10, corn protein powder 1-5, wheat bran 5-10, molasses yeast 1-3, DDGS 1-5, squid cream 1-3, shrimp shell meal 1-3, Strong flour 20-25, ocean fish oil 0.1-0.5, soybean oil 1-2, soybean lecithin 1-2, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5-1, medical stone powder 1-2, Choline Chloride 0.1-0.5, vitamin C-phosphate (35%) 0.05-0.1, cholesterol 0.1-0.3, coating methionine 0.01-0.1, bacillus subtilis 0.1-0.3, beta glucan 0.1-0.3, compound vitamin 0.1-0.5, composite mineral salt 0.5-1.
2. a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low according to claim 1 and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture and preparation method thereof, it is characterized in that the component and the weight ratio that contain are respectively: fish meal 10.0kg, meat meal tankage 3.0kg, dregs of beans 24.0kg, peanut press pulp 4.0kg, the concentrated albumen-powder of soybeans 4.0kg, Cottonseed Meal 8.0kg, corn protein powder 2.0kg, wheat bran 7.0kg, molasses yeast 1.0kg, DDGS 4.0kg, squid cream 2.0kg, shrimp shell meal 2.0kg, Strong flour 22.0kg, ocean fish oil 0.5kg, soybean oil 1.0kg, soybean lecithin 1.0kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.0kg, medical stone powder 1.0kg, Choline Chloride 0.3kg, vitamin C-phosphate (35%) 0.1kg, cholesterol 0.2kg, coating methionine 0.1kg, bacillus subtilis 0.2kg, beta glucan 0.1kg, compound vitamin 0.5kg, composite mineral salt 1.0kg.
3. according to a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low described in claim 1 and 2 and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture and preparation method thereof, it is characterized in that preparing by following steps:
1) first accurately take each component;
2) the larger component of particle is pulverized for the first time, then by mixer, stirred;
3) will mix material and carry out ultramicro grinding (crossing 80 mesh sieves);
4) then material is added in quality-adjusting device, pass into hot steam, keep material and space temperature 87-95 ℃, carry out modified (3-6 minute);
5) the modified material completing is added to granulator successively, (87-97 ℃) granulates;
6) particle drying and cooling, stores or packs after the powder that sieves.
4. a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low according to claim 3 and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture and preparation method thereof, is characterized in that as preferred version, described step 4) in refining temperature select 93 ℃, the modified time is 3 minutes.
5. a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low according to claim 3 and grass carp compound feed used for polyculture and preparation method thereof, is characterized in that as preferred version, described step 5) in pelleting temperature select 95 ℃.
CN201210237779.XA 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Mixed feed for mixed culture of litopenaeus vannamei and grass carp and preparation method thereof CN103535530B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103859144A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-18 内江师范学院 Botia fish fry rearing baits and preparation method thereof
CN104705534A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-06-17 江苏长寿集团南山饲料有限公司 Special feed for mixed culture of penaeus vannamei boone and fish
CN105029057A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-11 枞阳县胜峰养殖有限责任公司 Forage-oriented grass carp feed
CN105146221A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-16 通威股份有限公司 Compound feed for mixed culture of penaeus vannamei boone and silver sillago and preparation method of compound feed
CN105146222A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-16 通威股份有限公司 Silver sillago feed additive premix
CN105639082A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-08 衡阳县春秋特种渔业养殖专业合作社 Zinc-rich shrimp feed and preparation method thereof
CN107125491A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-09-05 防城港市防城区江山乡新禄对虾养殖场 Prawn and grouper separate mixing intensive culture mixed feed
CN107242402A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-10-13 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of feed for improving flesh quality and preparation method thereof
CN107874011A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-04-06 芜湖神唐生态农业有限公司 A kind of growth promotion feed of grass carp

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104256171A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-07 宁夏大北农科技实业有限公司 Mixed feed suitable for grass carp in Ningxia regions and preparation method of mixed feed

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CN102132783A (en) * 2011-03-15 2011-07-27 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 Composite feed for feeding litopenaeus vannamei boone cultured at low salinity and preparation method thereof
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US4693897A (en) * 1984-08-16 1987-09-15 Monell Chemical Senses Center Stimulation and enhancement of feeding in herbivorous fish
CN1923032A (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-03-07 湛江粤海饲料有限公司 Humic acid penaeus vanname compound feed
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103859144A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-18 内江师范学院 Botia fish fry rearing baits and preparation method thereof
CN105639082A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-08 衡阳县春秋特种渔业养殖专业合作社 Zinc-rich shrimp feed and preparation method thereof
CN104705534A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-06-17 江苏长寿集团南山饲料有限公司 Special feed for mixed culture of penaeus vannamei boone and fish
CN105029057A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-11 枞阳县胜峰养殖有限责任公司 Forage-oriented grass carp feed
CN105146221A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-16 通威股份有限公司 Compound feed for mixed culture of penaeus vannamei boone and silver sillago and preparation method of compound feed
CN105146222A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-16 通威股份有限公司 Silver sillago feed additive premix
CN107125491A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-09-05 防城港市防城区江山乡新禄对虾养殖场 Prawn and grouper separate mixing intensive culture mixed feed
CN107242402A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-10-13 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of feed for improving flesh quality and preparation method thereof
CN107874011A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-04-06 芜湖神唐生态农业有限公司 A kind of growth promotion feed of grass carp

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