CN103527041B - Slide door or window - Google Patents

Slide door or window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103527041B
CN103527041B CN201310509537.6A CN201310509537A CN103527041B CN 103527041 B CN103527041 B CN 103527041B CN 201310509537 A CN201310509537 A CN 201310509537A CN 103527041 B CN103527041 B CN 103527041B
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China
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window
door
slippage
extrapolation
framework
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CN201310509537.6A
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CN103527041A (en
Inventor
王兴泉
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王兴泉
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of slide door or window, belong to window technology field.The present invention is equipped with slide rail on the top and bottom of framework, and door and window body comprises slippage door and window and extrapolation door and window, and the end face of slippage door and window and bottom surface are equipped with roller, and roller coordinates with slide rail, slippage door and window can be made can be matched with in framework and come and go slippage; The top of framework and bottom are also provided with chute, chute is positioned at the outside of slide rail, the extrapolation top of door and window and bottom are equipped with the support portion that can coordinate with chute, and support portion is matched with in chute, makes extrapolation door and window can to outside passing on one side or to both sides slippage; The contact surface of two adjacent slippage door and windows and extrapolation door and window adopts inclined plane to coordinate, and makes extrapolation door and window skid off along the incline direction on its inclined plane or to slip into; Rain visor is hinged with in the top cross of framework.Slide door or window of the present invention, has waterproof, snow defence, dust-proof function, makes this kind of door and window not easily by raindrop erosion, is in same plane during closedown, becomes overlaying state during unlatching.

Description

Slide door or window
Technical field
The present invention relates to window technology field, especially a kind of slide door or window.
Background technology
Door and window is widely used each corner of life, and the conventional door and window used comprises at present:
1, inside/outside open type door and window: this kind of door and window be articulated with in framework, one side of correspondence then can be rotated relative to this hinged limit; But the opening and closing of this kind of door and window needs reserved enough spaces, in some narrow space part, this kind of door and window can not be mounted and use, and makes this kind of door and window have larger limitation.
2, sliding door and window: this kind of door and window can relative sliding in the track in framework, although do not need enough unlatching spaces, but when door and window is closed, outside track in framework is exposed to, wind and rain, snow, dust and other impurities easily drop in track or framework assembles, and this kind of door and window is easily corroded, and method conventional is at present the fluid apertures that begins to rehearse bottom framework, discharged by ponding in framework, ponding easily forms spot on framework surface and affects the attractive in appearance of this kind of door and window.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention is: for above-mentioned Problems existing, a kind of slide door or window is provided, track in framework can not be exposed to the outside, and wind and rain, snow, dust and other impurities effectively can be avoided to enter into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by raindrop erosion; The opening and closing of door and window adopts push-and-pull method, and during unlatching, door and window becomes overlaying state, becomes same plane during closedown, and can realize the opening and closing of door and window without the need to reserved enough spaces, the open and close controlling of whole slide door or window is fast very convenient; This kind of door and window is elegant in appearance, applied widely, is applicable to applying.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
Slide door or window of the present invention, comprise framework and some fan door and window bodies, the top and bottom of framework are equipped with slide rail, described door and window body comprises slippage door and window and extrapolation door and window, the end face and bottom surface of slippage door and window are equipped with the roller that can mate with slide rail, described roller coordinates with slide rail, slippage door and window can be made can be matched with in framework and come and go slippage; The top of described framework and bottom are also provided with chute, described chute is positioned at the outside of slide rail, the top of described extrapolation door and window and bottom are equipped with the support portion that can coordinate with chute, described support portion is matched with in chute, described extrapolation door and window can be passed or to both sides slippage to outside on one side; The contact surface of two adjacent slippage door and windows and extrapolation door and window adopts inclined plane to coordinate, and makes extrapolation door and window skid off along the incline direction on its inclined plane or to slip into; Rain visor is hinged with in the top cross of framework.
Owing to have employed said structure, slide rail can be used for roller and is matched with wherein, make slippage door and window can relative to framework slippage, when slippage door and window is matched with in framework, the roller of slippage door and window end face is matched with in the slide rail in framework inner top surface, and the roller of slippage door and window bottom surface is matched with in the slide rail in framework inner bottom surface, chute is positioned at the outside of slide rail, chute can be used for support portion and is matched with wherein, and make support portion can relative to slide, wherein support portion can be connected in framework, when needing the unlatching of extrapolation door and window, extrapolation door and window can along the incline direction of angled engagement surface, pass to one side of extrapolation door and window, thus realize the unlatching of extrapolation door and window, when needs are closed, extrapolation door and window returns to original position in reverse direction, visible support portion is mainly used in as the change in location of door and window of extrapolating provides support, wherein the inner bottom surface of support portion and framework is positioned at immediately below door and window body, and support portion can be slided in this framework, door and window of no matter extrapolating is in unlatching or closed condition, the inner bottom surface of framework and slide rail are all positioned at immediately below door and window body, slide rail can be effectively avoided to be exposed to outside framework, simultaneously, due to rainwater, snow cannot laterally waft in this gap, therefore the bottom of door and window body can avoid snow and rain to enter into track or door and window effectively, dust simultaneously on door and window body is after scrubbing, toward dirty slide rail and the chute that also can not enter into framework, effectively can avoid wind and rain, snow, dust and other impurities enters into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by raindrop erosion.And be hinged with rain visor in the top cross of framework, when extrapolation opening of doors and windows, rain visor can be supported, rain visor can shelter from the gap at door and window body and framework top, avoids rainwater to avenge to enter wherein; When door and window of extrapolating is closed, rain visor covers the gap at door and window body and framework top downwards, and the top of door and window body can avoid snow and rain and dust and other impurities to enter into track or door and window effectively, makes this kind of door and window not easily by the corrosion of rainwater snow.Especially, adopt inclined plane to coordinate between two adjacent slippage door and windows and extrapolation door and window, the incline direction making extrapolation door and window can prolong this inclined plane skids off or slips into, and makes the operation of the opening and closing of extrapolation door and window all very easy.Slide door or window of the present invention, structure is simple, and easy and simple to handle, easy to use, the track in framework can not be exposed to the outside, and wind and rain effectively can be avoided to enter into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by raindrop erosion; The opening and closing of door and window adopts push-and-pull method, and can realize the opening and closing of door and window without the need to reserved enough spaces, the open and close controlling of whole slide door or window is fast very convenient; This kind of door and window is elegant in appearance, applied widely, is applicable to applying.
Slide door or window of the present invention, described slippage door and window is equipped with trundle with extrapolation door and window in the upper and lower part of its angled engagement surface, wherein trundle is positioned on the limit of this angled engagement surface, and the trundle on described slippage door and window staggers mutually with the trundle on extrapolation door and window.
Owing to have employed said structure, slippage door and window with and the contact surface of door and window of extrapolating between adopt inclined plane to coordinate, when this slide door or window needs to open, extrapolation door and window can slide out to extrapolation door and window both sides or extrapolation door and window outside on one side along the incline direction of this angled engagement surface; When this slide door or window needs to close, extrapolation door and window can slide back to the original position of extrapolation door and window along the incline direction of this angled engagement surface, make the opening and closing of this slide door or window very convenient and swift.In order to ensure extrapolation door and window successfully along the incline direction slippage of inclined contact surface, can in angled engagement surface upper of slippage door and window and extrapolation door and window, bottom is equipped with trundle, also namely trundle is equipped with in the top and the bottom on slippage door and window inclined plane, the top and the bottom on extrapolation door and window inclined plane are equipped with trundle simultaneously, when extrapolate door and window along inclined plane relative to slippage door and window time, trundle on extrapolation limit, door and window inclined plane can slip over from limit, slippage door and window inclined plane, trundle on limit, slippage door and window inclined plane can slip over from extrapolation limit, door and window inclined plane, the limit on slippage door and window inclined plane can be effectively avoided to stop the suitable slippage on extrapolation door and window inclined plane, make the opening and closing of extrapolation door and window all very simple and efficient, be applicable to applying.Wherein the trundle of extrapolating on door and window and slippage door and window staggers mutually, avoids interfering.
Slide door or window of the present invention, described chute is positioned on the just right framework face of door and window body, described support portion comprises the supporter that can be matched with in chute, the outer wall of described supporter is provided with some ball grooves along chute direction, the configurable some balls of described ball grooves, make described supporter can in chute relative sliding, described supporter is connected with support and connection plate by back shaft, described support and connection plate can rotate relative to back shaft, described support and connection plate is movably connected on extrapolation door and window and can relatively rotates, be provided with the passive resiliency supported wheel of support and connection plate at the upper surface of supporter, same extrapolation door and window is connected with two support portions, connected by junction plate between the supporter of two support portions.
Owing to have employed said structure, described chute is positioned on the just right framework end face of door and window body and bottom surface, wind and rain, snow, dust and other impurities can be avoided to enter into this chute, supporter can be matched with relative sliding in chute, especially, the outer wall of described supporter is provided with some roads ball grooves, described ball grooves is arranged along chute direction, and all layout is had on each of supporter outer wall, be configured with ball in this ball grooves, being made between supporter and runner wall by this ball can relative sliding, support and connection plate can rotate centered by back shaft relative to back shaft, this support and connection plate is movably connected on extrapolation door and window, extrapolation door and window can be rotated relative to extrapolation door and window, this structure can make extrapolation door and window can be pole and rotate centered by back shaft by this support and connection plate, when door and window of extrapolating needs to open, extrapolation door and window can be pole and rotates centered by back shaft by this support and connection plate, thus make extrapolation door and window can pass to extrapolation door and window outside on one side along the incline direction of angled engagement surface, also door and window of namely extrapolating is passed to sliding door side outside window, there is slippage in supporter simultaneously in chute, thus achieve the unlatching of slide door or window, when door and window of extrapolating needs to close, extrapolation door and window can be pole and rotates centered by back shaft by this support and connection plate, thus making extrapolation door and window can pass back the original position of extrapolation door and window along the opposite direction of the incline direction of angled engagement surface, door and window of also namely extrapolating makes door and window body close with coordinating of slippage door and window.Slide door or window of the present invention, opening and closing due to door and window of extrapolating all can not use the slide rail in framework, and be positioned at the positive opposite house forms of chute in outside, wind and rain, snow, dust etc. from extrapolation door and window toward fall time, slide rail and the slide rail of framework can not be entered into, therefore when slide door or window is in closed condition, the slide rail of framework inner bottom surface can not be exposed to the outside, therefore rain, water and snow can not enter into the slide rail of framework inner bottom surface, because framework top exterior walls has been laterally hinged with rain visor, when slide door or window is opened, rain visor can be supported, rainwater is avoided to enter between the door and window body of framework inner top, when slide door or window is closed, rain visor covers the connecting sewing between door and window body and framework, avoid rain, water, snow and dust enter between the door and window body of framework inner top, therefore when slide door or window is in closedown, rainwater cannot enter between framework and door and window body, wind and rain can be effectively avoided to enter into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by the corrosion of rainwater snow.Simultaneously, same extrapolation door and window is connected with two support portions, connected by junction plate between the supporter of two support portions, make junction plate, framework, parallelogram is formed between door and window body, but due to the interference between extrapolation door and window and slippage door and window, thus limit the further rotation of junction plate, and extrapolation door and window is by the stress equalization of dual-side, be convenient to the opening and closing of extrapolation door and window, make the life-span of slide door or window longer, resiliency supported wheel can give support and connection plate and play elastic anchorage force, and support and connection plate is played a supporting role, guarantee that whole support portion externally pushes the supporting role of window.
Slide door or window of the present invention, described chute is positioned on the sidewall of the just right framework end face of door and window body and bottom surface, described support portion comprises the four-wheel slide block that can be matched with in chute, four pulleys on described four-wheel slide block are positioned at its both sides and are matched with chute, described four-wheel slide block there is spring bearer plate by pinned connection, described spring bearer plate can rotate relative to bearing pin, described bearing pin overlaps the return spring that promising spring bearer plate provides elastic force, described return spring two ends is connected on spring bearer plate and four-wheel slide block, described spring bearer plate is connected on extrapolation door and window, be provided with the passive support wheel of spring bearer plate at the upper surface of four-wheel slide block, same extrapolation door and window is connected with two support portions, connected by connector between four-wheel slide block on two support portions.
Owing to have employed said structure, chute is positioned on the sidewall of the just right framework end face of door and window body and bottom surface, can be used for coordinating with the pulley of four-wheel slide block, four pulleys on four-wheel slide block lay respectively at the both sides of four-wheel slide block, the pulley of four-wheel slide block can be slided in chute, the two ends of described return spring is butted on four-wheel slide block and spring bearer plate respectively, return spring is made to provide screen resilience with four-wheel slide block for being supported for spring bearer plate, after spring bearer plate is rotated relative to bearing pin, can under the effect of return spring, there is the trend recovering home position, this spring bearer plate is movably connected on extrapolation door and window, make a little to rotate relative to being flexibly connected between spring bearer plate with extrapolation door and window, when in extrapolation door and window opening and closing process, when active force is on door and window of extrapolating, extrapolation door and window drives spring bearer plate compression return spring, drive the slippage in chute of four-wheel slide block simultaneously.When slide door or window needs to open, can active force in extrapolation door and window on, extrapolation door and window can skid off along the incline direction of angled engagement surface, extrapolation door and window drive spring bearer plate, while compression return spring, active force is on four-wheel slide block, now, extrapolation door and window promotes the slippage on the chute of framework of four-wheel slide block, makes extrapolation door and window in both sides, can slide onto sliding door side outside window in arbitrary side, now, also can promote slippage door and window, the slippage of sliding door windowsill slide rail, thus any fan in door and window can be opened; When slide door or window needs to close, can active force in extrapolation door and window on, make extrapolation door and window to the direction slippage set back, when door and window of extrapolating slides onto outside home position, extrapolation door and window is under the elastic force effect of return spring, incline direction along angled engagement surface slides into its home position, can realize the closedown of extrapolation door and window, thus make the easy to operate of the opening and closing of whole slide door or window.Same extrapolation door and window in the present invention is connected with two support portions, connected by connector between four-wheel slide block on two support portions, now extrapolation door and window and framework form parallelogram, make same extrapolation door and window when opening and closing, extrapolation door and window accepts equilibrium by two edge places, make it offer and the operation of closing all fast very convenient.The sidewall chute of the framework inner bottom surface in the present invention all the time just to slippage door and window with and door and window of extrapolating, therefore opening of doors and windows no matter is extrapolated with when closing, sidewall chute all can not be exposed to the external side of door and window all the time, because wind and rain snow-broth can not be blown into sidewall chute from level angle, wind and rain therefore can be effectively avoided to enter into slide rail and the chute of framework inner bottom surface; Simultaneously because the top exterior walls of framework has been laterally hinged with rain visor, when extrapolation opening of doors and windows, extrapolation door and window can support rain visor, rainwater snow and dust and other impurities is avoided to enter into this slide door or window, when door and window of extrapolating is closed, rain visor can cover the junction of extrapolation door and window and framework, avoids rainwater to enter into this slide door or window, therefore make the present invention can effectively avoid wind and rain to enter into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by the corrosion of rainwater snow.
Slide door or window of the present invention, the bottom surface of described slippage door and window is provided with lower sheave, the end face of described slippage door and window is provided with top sheave, described top sheave comprises the pulley base being fixed on slippage door and window end face, can the roller supporting block of opposing oscillatory by having of pinned connection on described pulley base, on described bearing pin, cover has spring, the two ends of described spring is butted on roller supporting block and pulley base respectively, one end for roller supporting block provides the elastic force away from pulley base, this end of roller supporting block is provided with wheel, described pulley base is equipped with breaker bolt, the termination of described breaker bolt is butted on the roller supporting block other end.
Owing to have employed said structure, slippage door and window is matched with in the slide rail of framework inner bottom surface by the lower sheave of bottom, and slippage door and window is matched with in the slide rail of framework inner top surface by the top sheave at top, thus make slippage door and window can in framework Relative sliding, wherein pulley base is fixed on slippage door and window end face for top sheave, the two ends of spring is butted on roller supporting block and pulley base respectively, for roller supporting block provides the elastic force away from pulley base, make the end of roller supporting block under the action of the spring, all the time there is the trend away from pulley base, the wheel being positioned at roller supporting block end is made to have trend away from slippage door and window top all the time, when making slippage door and window be arranged in framework, lower sheave is matched with in slide rail, and upper roller is under the elastic force effect of spring, its wheel is in the slide rail being butted on framework inner top surface all the time, thus guarantee the smooth slippage in framework of slippage door and window, simultaneously because spring gives roller supporting block elastic force, when needs take out slippage door and window, slippage door and window upwards can be mentioned, roller supporting block and the spring on it are compressed, thus make to expose hole bottom slippage door and window and between framework, slippage door and window is convenient to take out from framework, when needs mounting slip door and window, can the top of slippage door and window be fit in framework inner top surface, roller supporting block and the spring on it are compressed, thus make to expose hole bottom slippage door and window and between framework, be convenient to slippage door and window to be installed in framework from framework.Because spring gives roller supporting block elastic force all the time, when slippage door and window normally uses, roller supporting block is not needed to change relative to pulley base, therefore the present invention wears breaker bolt on pulley base, the termination of this breaker bolt is butted on the end of roller supporting block, by extremely trivial for roller supporting block, make can not changing of roller supporting block, guarantee that top sheave is in the slipping of whole slippage door and window, the skew of position can not be there is, thus guarantee top sheave, and even slippage door and window in use stable, guarantee the use safety of door and window.
Slide door or window of the present invention, described top sheave is positioned at the inner side of the end face center line of slippage door and window, and described lower sheave is positioned at the inner side of the bottom surface center line of slippage door and window, described top sheave and lower sheave in the same plane.
Owing to have employed said structure, top sheave and lower sheave are all positioned at the position (being also namely partial to the position of door and window side relative to center line) of whole slippage door and window being partial to inside door and window, the center of gravity of whole slippage door and window is made to be partial to the outside of center line, wherein support portion be connected to extrapolation door and window edge center line outside or be connected on the outer wall of extrapolation door and window edge, make upper roller, inclined inner side that lower sheave is positioned at door and window body, and support zone is in the inclined outside of door and window body, whole door and window body can be supported from the acting in conjunction of interior outside.When slide door or window is in closed condition, support portion active force is in the extrapolation inclined outside of door and window bottom centre line, and top sheave and lower sheave are positioned at the inclined inner side of slippage door and window upper heart line, the supported on both sides that therefore support portion and upper lower sheave lay respectively at center line plays whole door and window body; When slide door or window is in opening, extrapolation door and window is to outside on one side or directly to a side slip, this extrapolation door and window is located in the position of sliding door side outside window, door and window of now extrapolating bears up its gravity by support portion, extrapolation door and window and slippage door and window rely on mutually, and by support portion, upper roller, lower sheave acting in conjunction, externally push window and slippage door and window are played a supporting role.Support portion and upper lower sheave are in center line supported on both sides all the time and play door and window body, make whole door and window body active force be in equilibrium state all the time in framework, guarantee that the opening and closing of whole slide door or window is convenient and swift.
Slide door or window of the present invention, described framework is spliced by some supports, and wherein the stitching portion of two stands is provided with holding screw arbitrarily.
Owing to have employed said structure, holding screw is threaded connection the splicing seams place in support, is firmly grasped by the support mutually spliced securely, the structure of whole framework is more firmly surely leaned on, makes its life-span more permanent.
In sum, owing to have employed technique scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, slide door or window of the present invention, structure letter is answered, easy and simple to handle, easy to use, and the track in framework can not be exposed to the outside, and wind and rain effectively can be avoided to enter into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by raindrop erosion;
2, slide door or window of the present invention, adopts push-and-pull method to open and close, and can realize the opening and closing of door and window without the need to reserved enough spaces, the open and close controlling of whole slide door or window is fast very convenient; It is more elegant in appearance, applied widely that this kind of door and window is all in same plane when closing, and is applicable to applying.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Examples of the present invention will be described by way of reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of slide door or window of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of the door and window open mode of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the A partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the B partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the left view of the door and window closed condition of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the C partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the D partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of door and window body in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the top view of Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the upward view of the door and window closed condition of Fig. 8;
Figure 11 is the upward view of the door and window open mode of Fig. 8;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of support portion in the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of upper roller in the present invention;
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment 2 of slide door or window of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the top view of the closed condition of Figure 14;
Figure 16 is the top view of the opening of Figure 14;
Figure 17 is the left view of the opening of Figure 14;
Figure 18 is the E partial enlarged drawing in Figure 17;
Figure 19 is the structural representation of support portion in embodiment 2;
Figure 20 is the upward view of Figure 19.
Mark in figure: 1-framework, 2-door and window body, 3-slide rail, 4-lower sheave, 5-support portion, 6-rain visor, 7-upper roller, 8-trundle, 9-roller groove, 10-holding screw, 11-locks, 12-ball, 13-chute, 5-1-supporter, 5-2-back shaft, 5-3-support and connection plate, 5-4-support wheel, 5-5-junction plate, 5-6-four-wheel slide block, 5-7-pulley, 5-8-spring bearer plate, 5-9-connector, 5-10-return spring, 5-11-support wheel, 7-1-pulley base, 7-2-back-up block, 7-3-wheel, 7-4-spring, 7-5-breaker bolt.
Detailed description of the invention
All features disclosed in this manual, or the step in disclosed all methods or process, except mutually exclusive feature and/or step, all can combine by any way.
Arbitrary feature disclosed in this manual (comprising any accessory claim, summary), unless specifically stated otherwise, all can be replaced by other equivalences or the alternative features with similar object.That is, unless specifically stated otherwise, each feature is an example in a series of equivalence or similar characteristics.
Described inner side, outside etc. in the present invention, all when normally using based on slide door or window, using within doors as benchmark, therefore support portion 5 grade in the present invention is all arranged in the outside (also can be arranged in the inner side of slide door or window according to actual needs) of slide door or window, also namely Figure 1 shows that the inner side of dilatory door and window in the present invention, and Figure 8 shows that the outside of slide door or window in the present invention.Certainly according to principle of the present invention, the relation in all interior outside in the present invention can be exchanged mutually, also be located at outside by the part of original position in inner side, by former run to the inside replace with and run laterally; And the part of original position in outside is located at inner side, by former run laterally replace with and run to the inside, only need realize its function.
Embodiment 1 is as shown in Fig. 1 to 13, slide door or window of the present invention, comprise framework 1 and some fan door and window bodies 2, described door and window body 2 comprises slippage door and window and extrapolation door and window, door and window body 2 in this example adopts four fans, wherein two fans are the centre that extrapolation door and window is positioned at four panel door forms, and other two fans are positioned at the both sides of four panel door forms for slippage door and window, certainly also its position can be exchanged according to actual needs, wherein the contact surface of two adjacent slippage door and windows and extrapolation door and window is adopted inclined plane and is coordinated, and makes extrapolation door and window skid off along the incline direction on this inclined plane or to slip into; When skidding off for the ease of extrapolation door and window relative to the generation slippage of slippage door and window or slip into, the limit on the inclined plane of extrapolation door and window can not be subject to obstructing of the limit on slippage door and window inclined plane, trundle 8 and roller groove 9 can be set on slippage door and window with the angled engagement surface of extrapolation door and window, trundle 8 and roller groove 9 is provided with wherein on the top of the angled engagement surface of slippage door and window, wherein trundle 8 and roller groove 9 lay respectively on the both sides of this angled engagement surface, and mutual dislocation; Be provided with trundle 8 and roller groove 9 in the bottom of the angled engagement surface of slippage door and window, wherein trundle 8 and roller groove 9 are positioned on the both sides of this angled engagement surface equally, and mutual dislocation; In like manner, the top of the angled engagement surface of the window that pushes outside is provided with trundle 8 and roller groove 9, and wherein trundle 8 and roller groove 9 are positioned on the both sides of this angled engagement surface equally, and mutual dislocation; Push the outside bottom of angled engagement surface of window is provided with trundle 8 and roller groove 9, and wherein trundle 8 and roller groove 9 are positioned on the both sides of this angled engagement surface equally, and mutual dislocation.Especially, trundle 8 on described extrapolation door and window is corresponding with the roller groove 9 on slippage door and window, also trundle 8 on door and window of namely extrapolating can do back and forth movement from angled engagement surface laminating, when slipping over through its edge, can slip over from the roller groove 9 slippage door and window, trundle 8 on described slippage door and window is corresponding with the roller groove 9 on extrapolation door and window, also the trundle 8 namely on slippage door and window can do back and forth movement from angled engagement surface laminating, when slipping over through its edge, can slip over from the roller groove 9 extrapolation door and window.
Wherein be equipped with slide rail 3 at the inner top surface of framework 1 and inner bottom surface, the end face and bottom surface of slippage door and window are equipped with the roller that can mate with slide rail 3, when described slippage door and window cooperation is installed in framework 1, roller on the top of described slippage door and window and bottom can coordinate with slide rail 3, makes slippage door and window can come and go slippage in framework 1;
In order to make the track in framework be exposed to the outside, can effectively avoid wind, rain, water, snow, dust etc. foreign material enter into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by rainwater snow corrosion, especially chute 13 is located at the just right framework of door and window body 21 on the surface in the present invention, support portion 5 can be combined with in this chute 13, wherein chute 13 is positioned at the outside of slide rail 3, because the support portion 5 being positioned at outside is in the position within the edge of door and window body all the time, therefore the slide rail and the chute that are in framework 1 bottom all can be avoided falling into wherein in rainwater snow door and window body 2 from the upper side effectively, wherein push outside in the present invention on the top of window and bottom and be respectively equipped with support portion 5, described support portion 5 comprises supporter 5-1, described supporter 5-1 can be matched with in chute 13 and slide, slide relative to chute 13 for the ease of supporter 5-1, the outer wall of described supporter 5-1 is provided with some ball grooves, this ball grooves is all furnished with on each of the outer wall of supporter 5-1, and this ball grooves is along arranging along chute 13 direction, wherein configurable some balls 12, this ball 12 contacts between chute 13 and supporter 5-1 simultaneously, thus guarantee between chute 13 and supporter 5-1 can slippage mutually easily, described supporter 5-1 is connected with support and connection plate 5-3 by back shaft 5-2, described support and connection plate 5-3 can rotate relative to back shaft 5-2, described support and connection plate 5-3 is movably connected on extrapolation door and window and can relatively rotates, described extrapolation door and window can be rotated centered by back shaft 5-2, be provided with support and connection plate 5-3 passive resiliency supported wheel 5-4 at the upper surface of supporter 5-1, for playing support and connection plate 5-3 at the midfoot support of support and connection plate 5-3, support and connection plate 5-3 is made to be subject to two strong points when supporting extrapolation door and window, the structure of this support portion 5 is more surely leaned on, same extrapolation door and window is connected with two support portions 5, connected by junction plate 5-5 between the supporter 5-1 of two support portions 5, make door and window of extrapolating, support and connection plate 5-3 and junction plate 5-5 forms parallelogram sturcutre, when extrapolating opening of doors and windows or closing, on extrapolation door and window top and bottom the tie point of support and connection plate 5-3 respectively simultaneously active force on support and connection plate 5-3, make the stress equalization of extrapolating on door and window, be convenient to open and close.
Inner bottom surface due to framework 1 is positioned at immediately below slippage door and window, no matter to extrapolate opening of doors and windows or close, slide rail in this framework 1 and chute all can not be exposed to the outside, and visible framework 1 bottom can avoid wind and rain to enter into track or door and window effectively, makes this kind of door and window not easily by raindrop erosion, meanwhile, rain visor 6 is hinged with in the top cross of framework 1, this rain visor 6 can rotate relative to the top of framework 1, when extrapolation opening of doors and windows, extrapolation door and window is outwards passed, top braces on extrapolation door and window plays this rain visor 6, now, rain visor 6 can rain cover enter between the door and window body at framework 1 top effectively, when door and window of extrapolating is closed, extrapolation door and window sets back, rain visor 6 is no longer subject to the support of extrapolation door and window, and downwards the connecting sewing at door and window body top and framework top is covered, can operatively rain cover enter between the door and window body at framework 1 top.As shown in Figure 1, above framework 1 top, other window can be set.
Slide door or window of the present invention, when door and window of extrapolating needs to open, can active force in extrapolation door and window on, extrapolation door and window can be pole and rotates centered by back shaft by this support and connection plate, extrapolation door and window is outwards passed and supporter can slippage in chute, thus make extrapolation door and window can pass to extrapolation door and window outside on one side along the incline direction of angled engagement surface, also door and window of namely extrapolating is passed to sliding door side outside window, door and window of now extrapolating supports rain visor 6, be in and block position, meanwhile, slippage door and window relative sliding on slide rail can be promoted, realize all door and window bodies 2 to open, according to this principle, also can direct effect power in slippage door and window, the slippage on slide rail of slippage door and window, makes slippage door and window by the effect of angled engagement surface, promote extrapolation door and window outwards pass.When door and window of extrapolating needs to close, extrapolation door and window can be pole and rotates centered by back shaft by this support and connection plate, thus make extrapolation door and window can pass back the original position of extrapolation door and window along the opposite direction of the incline direction of angled engagement surface, also door and window of namely extrapolating makes door and window body close with coordinating of slippage door and window, and rain visor 6 covers the top connecting sewing of door and window body and framework downwards.
In the present invention, the bottom surface of slippage door and window is provided with lower sheave 4, the end face of described slippage door and window is provided with top sheave 7, described top sheave 7 comprises the pulley base 7-1 being fixed on slippage door and window end face, can the roller supporting block 7-2 of opposing oscillatory by having of pinned connection on described pulley base 7-1, on described bearing pin, cover has spring 7-4, the two ends of described spring 7-4 is butted on roller supporting block 7-2 and pulley base 7-1 respectively, one end for roller supporting block 7-2 provides the elastic force away from pulley base 7-1, this end of roller supporting block 7-2 is provided with wheel 7-3, described pulley base 7-1 is equipped with breaker bolt 7-5, the termination of described breaker bolt 7-5 is butted on the roller supporting block 7-2 other end.Slippage door and window is matched with in the slide rail of framework inner bottom surface by the lower sheave 4 of bottom, and slippage door and window is matched with in the slide rail of framework inner top surface by the top sheave 7 at top, thus make slippage door and window can in framework Relative sliding, wherein pulley base 7-1 is fixed on slippage door and window end face for top sheave 7, the two ends of spring 7-4 is butted on roller supporting block 7-2 and pulley base 7-1 respectively, for roller supporting block 7-2 provides the elastic force away from pulley base 7-1, make the end of roller supporting block 7-2 under the effect of spring 7-4, all the time there is the trend away from pulley base 7-1, the wheel 7-3 being positioned at roller supporting block 7-2 end is made to have trend away from slippage door and window top all the time, when making slippage door and window be arranged in framework, lower sheave is matched with in slide rail, and upper roller is under the elastic force effect of spring 7-4, its wheel 7-3 is in the slide rail being butted on framework inner top surface all the time, thus guarantee the smooth slippage in framework of slippage door and window, simultaneously because spring 7-4 gives roller supporting block 7-2 elastic force, when needs take out slippage door and window, slippage door and window upwards can be mentioned, roller supporting block 7-2 and the spring 7-4 on it is compressed, thus make to expose hole bottom slippage door and window and between framework, slippage door and window is convenient to take out from framework, when needs mounting slip door and window, can the top of slippage door and window be fit in framework inner top surface, roller supporting block 7-2 and the spring 7-4 on it is compressed, thus make to expose hole bottom slippage door and window and between framework, slippage door and window is convenient to be installed in framework from framework.Because spring 7-4 gives roller supporting block 7-2 elastic force all the time, when slippage door and window normally uses, roller supporting block 7-2 is not needed to change relative to pulley base 7-1, therefore the present invention wears breaker bolt 7-5 on pulley base, the termination of this breaker bolt 7-5 is butted on the end of roller supporting block 7-2, by extremely trivial for roller supporting block 7-2, make can not changing of roller supporting block 7-2, guarantee that top sheave 7 is in the slipping of whole slippage door and window, the skew of position can not be there is, thus ensure top sheave 7, and even slippage door and window in use stable, ensure the use safety of slide door or window.
Wherein top sheave 7 and lower sheave 4 are all positioned at the position of being partial to inside door and window on whole slippage door and window and are also namely partial to the position of door and window side relative to center line), the center of gravity of whole slippage door and window is made to be partial to the outside of center line, wherein support portion be connected to extrapolation door and window edge center line outside or be connected on the outer wall of extrapolation door and window edge, make upper roller, inclined inner side that lower sheave is positioned at door and window body, and support zone is in the inclined outside of door and window body, whole door and window body can be supported from the acting in conjunction of interior outside.When slide door or window is in closed condition, support portion active force is in the extrapolation inclined outside of door and window bottom centre line, and top sheave and lower sheave are positioned at the inclined inner side of slippage door and window upper heart line, therefore the supported on both sides that support portion and upper lower sheave lay respectively at center line plays whole door and window body, simultaneously chute can just opposite house forms, avoid it to be exposed to outside door and window; When slide door or window is in opening, extrapolation door and window is to outside on one side or directly to a side slip, this extrapolation door and window is located in the position of sliding door side outside window, door and window of now extrapolating bears up its gravity by support portion, extrapolation door and window and slippage door and window rely on mutually, and by support portion, upper roller, lower sheave acting in conjunction, externally push window and slippage door and window are played a supporting role.Support portion and upper lower sheave are in center line supported on both sides all the time and play door and window body, make whole door and window body active force be in equilibrium state all the time in framework, guarantee that the opening and closing of whole slide door or window is convenient and swift.
This described framework 1 is spliced by some supports, and wherein the stitching portion of two stands is provided with holding screw 10 arbitrarily, push outside window and slippage door and window all can arrange lock 11 and pushing hands, for controlling the opening and closing of whole door and window body.Above framework 1 top or below, other window can be set.
Embodiment 2 is similar to embodiment 1, as shown in Figure 14 to Figure 20, its difference is: this example adopts three door and window bodies, wherein slippage door and window is two and lays respectively at both sides, and door and window of extrapolating is one is positioned at centre, the two sides of this extrapolation door and window coordinate with all adopting inclined plane between slippage door and window, are provided with chute 13 on the inner top surface of framework 1 and the sidewall of inner bottom surface simultaneously
Described chute 13 is positioned at door and window body 2 just right framework 1 end face, on the sidewall of bottom surface, described support portion 5 comprises the four-wheel slide block 5-6 that can be matched with in chute 13, four pulley 5-7 on described four-wheel slide block 5-6 are positioned at its both sides and are matched with chute 13, described four-wheel slide block 5-6 there is spring bearer plate 5-8 by pinned connection, described spring bearer plate 5-8 can rotate relative to bearing pin, described bearing pin overlaps the return spring 5-10 that promising spring bearer plate 5-8 provides elastic force, described return spring 5-10 two ends is connected on spring bearer plate 5-8 and four-wheel slide block 5-6, described spring bearer plate 5-8 is connected on extrapolation door and window, be provided with the passive support wheel 5-11 of spring bearer plate 5-8 at the upper surface of four-wheel slide block 5-6, same extrapolation door and window is connected with two support portions 5, connected by connector 5-9 between four-wheel slide block 5-6 on two support portions 5.
Therefore in this example, chute is positioned on the sidewall of the just right framework end face of door and window body and bottom surface, can be used for coordinating with the pulley of four-wheel slide block, four pulleys on four-wheel slide block lay respectively at the both sides of four-wheel slide block, the pulley of four-wheel slide block can be slided in chute, the two ends of described return spring is butted on four-wheel slide block and spring bearer plate respectively, return spring is made to provide screen resilience with four-wheel slide block for being supported for spring bearer plate, after spring bearer plate is rotated relative to bearing pin, can under the effect of return spring, there is the trend recovering home position, this spring bearer plate is movably connected on extrapolation door and window, make a little to rotate relative to being flexibly connected between spring bearer plate with extrapolation door and window, when in extrapolation door and window opening and closing process, when active force is on door and window of extrapolating, extrapolation door and window drives spring bearer plate compression return spring, drive the slippage in chute of four-wheel slide block simultaneously.When slide door or window needs to open, can active force in extrapolation door and window on, extrapolation door and window can skid off along the incline direction of angled engagement surface, extrapolation door and window drive spring bearer plate, while compression return spring, active force is on four-wheel slide block, now, extrapolation door and window promotes the slippage on the chute of framework of four-wheel slide block, makes extrapolation door and window in both sides, can slide onto sliding door side outside window in arbitrary side, now, also can promote slippage door and window, the slippage of sliding door windowsill slide rail, thus any fan in door and window can be opened; When slide door or window needs to close, can active force in extrapolation door and window on, make extrapolation door and window to the direction slippage set back, when door and window of extrapolating slides onto outside home position, extrapolation door and window is under the elastic force effect of return spring, incline direction along angled engagement surface slides into its home position, can realize the closedown of extrapolation door and window, thus make the easy to operate of the opening and closing of whole slide door or window.Same extrapolation door and window in the present invention is connected with two support portions, connected by connector between four-wheel slide block on two support portions, now extrapolation door and window and framework form parallelogram, make same extrapolation door and window when opening and closing, extrapolation door and window accepts equilibrium by two edge places, make it offer and the operation of closing all fast very convenient.The sidewall chute of the framework inner bottom surface in the present invention all the time just to slippage door and window with and door and window of extrapolating, therefore opening of doors and windows no matter is extrapolated with when closing, sidewall chute all can not be exposed to the external side of door and window all the time, because wind and rain snow-broth can not be blown into sidewall chute from level angle, wind and rain therefore can be effectively avoided to enter into slide rail and the chute of framework inner bottom surface; Simultaneously because the top exterior walls of framework has been laterally hinged with rain visor, when extrapolation opening of doors and windows, extrapolation door and window can support rain visor, rainwater snow and dust and other impurities is avoided to enter into this slide door or window, when door and window of extrapolating is closed, rain visor can cover the junction of extrapolation door and window and framework, avoids rainwater to enter into this slide door or window, therefore make the present invention can effectively avoid wind and rain to enter into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by raindrop erosion.
To sum up, slide door or window of the present invention, structure letter is answered, easy and simple to handle, easy to use, and the track in framework can not be exposed to the outside, and wind and rain effectively can be avoided to enter into track or door and window, make this kind of door and window not easily by raindrop erosion; Adopt push-and-pull method to open and close, can realize the opening and closing of door and window without the need to reserved enough spaces, the open and close controlling of whole slide door or window is fast very convenient; This kind of door and window is elegant in appearance, applied widely, is applicable to applying.
The present invention is not limited to aforesaid detailed description of the invention.The present invention expands to any new feature of disclosing in this manual or any combination newly, and the step of the arbitrary new method disclosed or process or any combination newly.

Claims (7)

1. slide door or window, comprise framework (1) and some fan door and window bodies (2), it is characterized in that: on the top and bottom of framework (1), be equipped with slide rail (3), described door and window body (2) comprises slippage door and window and extrapolation door and window, the end face and bottom surface of slippage door and window are equipped with the roller that can mate with slide rail (3), described roller coordinates with slide rail (3), slippage door and window can be made can be matched with in framework (1) and come and go slippage;
The top of described framework (1) and bottom are also provided with chute (13), described chute (13) is positioned at the outside of slide rail (3), the top of described extrapolation door and window and bottom are equipped with the support portion (5) that can coordinate with chute (13), described support portion (5) is matched with in chute (13), described extrapolation door and window can be passed or to both sides slippage to outside on one side;
The contact surface of two adjacent slippage door and windows and extrapolation door and window adopts inclined plane to coordinate, and makes extrapolation door and window skid off along the incline direction on its inclined plane or to slip into, becomes overlaying state, be positioned at same plane during closedown during unlatching;
Rain visor (6) is hinged with in the top cross of framework (1);
Described slippage door and window is equipped with trundle (8) with extrapolation door and window in the upper and lower part of its angled engagement surface, wherein trundle (8) is positioned on the limit of this angled engagement surface, and the trundle (8) on described slippage door and window staggers mutually with the trundle (8) on extrapolation door and window;
Described chute (13) is positioned at the just right framework (1) of door and window body (2) on the surface, described support portion (5) comprises the supporter (5-1) that can be matched with in chute (13), the outer wall of described supporter (5-1) is provided with some ball grooves along chute (13) direction, the configurable some balls (12) of described ball grooves, make described supporter (5-1) can in the chute (13) relative sliding, described supporter (5-1) is connected with support and connection plate (5-3) by back shaft (5-2), described support and connection plate (5-3) can be rotated relative to back shaft (5-2), described support and connection plate (5-3) is movably connected on extrapolation door and window and can relatively rotates, be provided with passive resiliency supported wheel (5-4) of support and connection plate (5-3) at the upper surface of supporter (5-1), same extrapolation door and window is connected with two support portions (5), connected by junction plate (5-5) between the supporter (5-1) of two support portions (5), the bottom surface of described slippage door and window is provided with lower sheave (4), the end face of described slippage door and window is provided with top sheave (7), described top sheave (7) comprises the pulley base (7-1) being fixed on slippage door and window end face, can the roller supporting block (7-2) of opposing oscillatory by having of pinned connection on described pulley base (7-1), on described bearing pin, cover has spring (7-4), the two ends of described spring (7-4) is butted on roller supporting block (7-2) respectively with on pulley base (7-1), one end for roller supporting block (7-2) provides the elastic force away from pulley base (7-1), this end of roller supporting block (7-2) is provided with wheel (7-3), described roller mount (7-1) is equipped with breaker bolt (7-5), the termination of described breaker bolt (7-5) is butted on roller supporting block (7-2) other end.
2. slide door or window as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described top sheave (7) is positioned at the inner side of the end face center line of slippage door and window, described lower sheave (4) is positioned at the inner side of the bottom surface center line of slippage door and window, and described top sheave (7) is in the same plane with bottom roller (4).
3. slide door or window as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described framework (1) is spliced by some supports, and wherein the stitching portion of two stands is provided with holding screw (10) arbitrarily.
4. slide door or window, comprise framework (1) and some fan door and window bodies (2), it is characterized in that: on the top and bottom of framework (1), be equipped with slide rail (3), described door and window body (2) comprises slippage door and window and extrapolation door and window, the end face and bottom surface of slippage door and window are equipped with the roller that can mate with slide rail (3), described roller coordinates with slide rail (3), slippage door and window can be made can be matched with in framework (1) and come and go slippage;
The top of described framework (1) and bottom are also provided with chute (13), described chute (13) is positioned at the outside of slide rail (3), the top of described extrapolation door and window and bottom are equipped with the support portion (5) that can coordinate with chute (13), described support portion (5) is matched with in chute (13), described extrapolation door and window can be passed or to both sides slippage to outside on one side;
The contact surface of two adjacent slippage door and windows and extrapolation door and window adopts inclined plane to coordinate, and makes extrapolation door and window skid off along the incline direction on its inclined plane or to slip into, becomes overlaying state, be positioned at same plane during closedown during unlatching;
Rain visor (6) is hinged with in the top cross of framework (1);
Described slippage door and window is equipped with trundle (8) with extrapolation door and window in the upper and lower part of its angled engagement surface, wherein trundle (8) is positioned on the limit of this angled engagement surface, and the trundle (8) on described slippage door and window staggers mutually with the trundle (8) on extrapolation door and window;
Described chute (13) is positioned on the sidewall of just right framework (1) end face of door and window body (2) and bottom surface, described support portion (5) comprises the four-wheel slide block (5-6) that can be matched with in chute (13), four pulleys (5-7) on described four-wheel slide block (5-6) are positioned at its both sides and are matched with chute (13), described four-wheel slide block (5-6) there is spring bearer plate (5-10) by pinned connection, described spring bearer plate (5-10) can rotate relative to bearing pin, described bearing pin overlaps the return spring (5-10) that promising spring bearer plate (5-10) provides elastic force, described return spring (5-10) two ends is connected on spring bearer plate (5-10) and four-wheel slide block (5-6), described spring bearer plate (5-10) is connected on extrapolation door and window, be provided with spring bearer plate (5-10) passive support wheel (5-11) at the upper surface of four-wheel slide block (5-6), same extrapolation door and window is connected with two support portions (5), connected by connector (5-9) between four-wheel slide block (5-6) on two support portions (5).
5. slide door or window as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the bottom surface of described slippage door and window is provided with lower sheave (4), the end face of described slippage door and window is provided with top sheave (7), described top sheave (7) comprises the pulley base (7-1) being fixed on slippage door and window end face, can the roller supporting block (7-2) of opposing oscillatory by having of pinned connection on described pulley base (7-1), on described bearing pin, cover has spring (7-4), the two ends of described spring (7-4) is butted on roller supporting block (7-2) respectively with on pulley base (7-1), one end for roller supporting block (7-2) provides the elastic force away from pulley base (7-1), this end of roller supporting block (7-2) is provided with wheel (7-3), described roller mount (7-1) is equipped with breaker bolt (7-5), the termination of described breaker bolt (7-5) is butted on roller supporting block (7-2) other end.
6. slide door or window as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described top sheave (7) is positioned at the inner side of the end face center line of slippage door and window, described lower sheave (4) is positioned at the inner side of the bottom surface center line of slippage door and window, and described top sheave (7) is in the same plane with bottom roller (4).
7. the slide door or window as described in claim 4 or 5 or 6, is characterized in that: described framework (1) is spliced by some supports, and wherein the stitching portion of two stands is provided with holding screw (10) arbitrarily.
CN201310509537.6A 2013-10-25 2013-10-25 Slide door or window Expired - Fee Related CN103527041B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3051048B1 (en) 2015-01-28 2019-07-17 Müller, Raimund Sliding door device
CN104863470B (en) * 2015-03-31 2017-08-08 浙江德清德泰门业有限公司 Explosion-proof drawing pushes

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CH480528A (en) * 1968-01-13 1969-10-31 Wegmann & Co Suspension device for the sash of a swing-out sliding door or a swing-out sliding window
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JP2001303858A (en) * 2000-04-21 2001-10-31 Dantani Plywood Co Ltd Meeting stile structure for sliding door and meeting stile section structure between sliding door and jamb
CN2700517Y (en) * 2004-05-18 2005-05-18 施光隆 Water seepage preventing device for aluminium window
CN201460560U (en) * 2009-06-30 2010-05-12 东莞市坚朗五金制品有限公司 Connecting bar with automatic movement mechanism
CN203531659U (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-04-09 王兴泉 Sliding door window

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB466466A (en) * 1936-11-02 1937-05-28 Werner Poschung Improvements in or relating to sliding doors
CH480528A (en) * 1968-01-13 1969-10-31 Wegmann & Co Suspension device for the sash of a swing-out sliding door or a swing-out sliding window
US3510983A (en) * 1968-04-11 1970-05-12 Bara Ind Corp Flush closing sliding doors
JP2001303858A (en) * 2000-04-21 2001-10-31 Dantani Plywood Co Ltd Meeting stile structure for sliding door and meeting stile section structure between sliding door and jamb
CN2700517Y (en) * 2004-05-18 2005-05-18 施光隆 Water seepage preventing device for aluminium window
CN201460560U (en) * 2009-06-30 2010-05-12 东莞市坚朗五金制品有限公司 Connecting bar with automatic movement mechanism
CN203531659U (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-04-09 王兴泉 Sliding door window

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