CN103526977B - A kind of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney - Google Patents

A kind of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103526977B
CN103526977B CN201310520352.5A CN201310520352A CN103526977B CN 103526977 B CN103526977 B CN 103526977B CN 201310520352 A CN201310520352 A CN 201310520352A CN 103526977 B CN103526977 B CN 103526977B
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layer
individual
reinforced plastic
individual layer
glass reinforced
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CN103526977A (en
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黎大胜
徐勍
陈飞
干梦军
杨薇
林少波
侯锐钢
李冲
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East China University of Science and Technology
China Power Engineering Consulting Group East China Electric Power Design Institute Co Ltd
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East China University of Science and Technology
China Power Engineering Consulting Group East China Electric Power Design Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and optional external protection, and from the inside of barrel to outside, liner functional layer comprises surperficial carpet veneer-injection layer; Intermediate structure layer comprises several structure subgrade, and its structure is: structure individual layer A-structure individual layer B-structure individual layer C-structure individual layer D, and wherein, structure individual layer A is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth; Structure individual layer B is nothing or circumferential winding layer; Structure individual layer C is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth; Structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer; And when structure individual layer A is for spraying layer, structure individual layer C is unidirectional layer of cloth; Or structure individual layer A is when being unidirectional layer of cloth, structure individual layer C is for spraying layer; External protection comprises gel coating resin.Fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention, novel structure, have good axial mechanical property and hoop mechanical property, constructability and quality control, and long service life, be applicable to large-size thermal power plant.

Description

A kind of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney
Technical field
The present invention relates to chimney, be specifically related to a kind of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney.
Background technology
Fibre reinforced plastics, are using fiber and its products as reinforcing material, make matrix material with synthetic resin, the high-performance composite materials formed through specific moulding process.(GlassFiberReinforcedPlastics also claims glass fiber reinforced plastics to glass fiber reinforced plastic, internationally recognized dummy suffix notation is GFRP or FRP) be one in fibre reinforced plastics, by synthetic resin and glass fiber through combination process, a kind of functional material be made, has excellent designability, workability and recoverability.
Domestic FRP was used for storage tank and pipeline in the past, and its design of material lays particular emphasis on and meets product function, not high to mechanical property requirements, and what need to focus on is the hoop performance of FRP product, does not specially require axial property.In recent years, because FRP product can solve the etching problem of chimney, engineer starts to consider that FRP being made chimney uses.
Large thermal power plant chimney is vertically arranged, highly even more than 200m, be suspended in the top of concrete urceolus or each support zone, huge gravity load transmits vertically, and this loading characteristic requires the mechanical property of FRP chimney to take axis as main ring to for auxiliary.Therefore, to FRP is used for the chimney of large thermal power plant, except needs FRP chimney content with funtion requires (as corrosion-resistant, static conductive, fire-retardant, uvioresistant, anti-aging, accumulatingdust), go back demand fulfillment mechanical property (axially and the stretching of hoop, bend, shearing, compression performance etc.) requirement.But China does not still have the case history of large-size thermal power plant FRP chimney so far.
Therefore, still needing and develop a kind of FRP chimney of new structure in this area, can be applicable to large-size thermal power plant, can not only the requirement of content with funtion, also can meet the demand of mechanical property.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of can content with funtion require to meet again mechanical property demand there is new structure FRP chimney, can apply at large thermal power plant.
A first aspect of the present invention, provides a kind of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney, and the barrel (cylindrical shell) of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and optional external protection, wherein, from the inside of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney to outside,
Described liner functional layer comprises:
Surface carpet veneer-injection layer;
Described intermediate structure layer comprises at least one structure subgrade, and described structure subgrade comprises:
Structure individual layer A-structure individual layer B-structure individual layer C-structure individual layer D,
Wherein, structure individual layer A is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth;
Structure individual layer B is nothing or circumferential winding layer;
Structure individual layer C is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth;
Structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer;
And when structure individual layer A is for spraying layer, structure individual layer C is unidirectional layer of cloth; Or structure individual layer A is when being unidirectional layer of cloth, structure individual layer C for spraying layer,
Described external protection comprises gel coating resin.
Herein, " optional " refers to can have (can exist) maybe can not have (can not).As described in fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney barrel comprise liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and optional external protection refer to as described in fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney barrel can have external protection, maybe can there is no external protection.
Herein, thickness refers to the average of the thickness that random selecting 25 survey marks record, and such as, the thickness t of intermediate structure layer is random selecting 25 survey marks on intermediate structure layer, calculates the average of 25 thickness recorded, obtains the thickness t of intermediate structure layer.
In another preference, described structure individual layer A is for spraying layer, and described structure individual layer B is circumferential winding layer, and described structure individual layer C is unidirectional layer of cloth, and described structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer.
In another preference, described structure individual layer A is for spraying layer, and described structure individual layer B is nothing, and described structure individual layer C is unidirectional layer of cloth, and described structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer.
In another preference, described structure individual layer A is unidirectional layer of cloth, and described structure individual layer B is circumferential winding layer, and described structure individual layer C is for spraying layer, and described structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer.
In another preference, described structure individual layer A is unidirectional layer of cloth, and described structure individual layer B is nothing, and described structure individual layer C is for spraying layer, and described structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer.
In another preference, described liner functional layer also comprises the carbon fiber carpet veneer of innermost layer; And/or
Also scrim layer can be comprised outward at the injection layer of described liner functional layer.
In another preference, described external protection also comprises surperficial carpet veneer and/or scrim layer, and described surperficial carpet veneer and/or scrim layer are arranged between described intermediate structure layer and described gel coating resin.
In another preference, the thickness of described structure subgrade is 1.5-5mm; And/or
The quantity of described structure subgrade is 2-30; And/or
The thickness of each structure individual layer is 0.05-4mm.
In another preference, can arrange additional structure individual layer between each described structure subgrade, described additional structure individual layer is unidirectional layer of cloth, circumferential winding layer, injection layer, surperficial carpet veneer or its combination.
In another preference; described intermediate structure layer also comprises the outermost structural individual layer connected with described external protection; described outermost structural individual layer is for spraying layer or circumferential winding layer; optionally; can arrange additional structure individual layer between described outermost structural individual layer and described structure subgrade, described additional structure individual layer is unidirectional layer of cloth, circumferential winding layer, injection layer, surperficial carpet veneer or its combination.
In another preference, in described circumferential winding layer, the winding angle being wound around yarn is 40-90 degree, and preferably, winding angle is 75-90 degree, and more preferably, winding angle is 80-90 degree.
In another preference, in described liner functional layer, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 15-50g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-98wt%, with the total weight of described surperficial carpet veneer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described injection layer is 100-800g/m 2, resin content is 65wt%-90wt%, with the total weight of described injection layer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described carbon fiber carpet veneer is 10-30g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-99wt%, with the total weight of described carbon fiber carpet veneer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described scrim layer is 30-100g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-95wt%, with the total weight of described scrim layer; And/or
In described intermediate structure layer, the fiber areal densities of described injection layer is 100g/m 2-800g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-80wt%, with the total weight of described injection layer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described unidirectional layer of cloth is 200g/m 2-600g/m 2, resin content is 30wt%-60wt%, with the total weight of described unidirectional layer of cloth; And/or the fiber areal densities of described circumferential winding layer is 300g/m 2-3000g/m 2, resin content is 25wt%-50wt%, with the total weight of described circumferential winding layer; And/or
In described external protection, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 20-800g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-98wt%, with the total weight of described surperficial carpet veneer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described scrim layer is 30-100g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-95wt%, with the total weight of described scrim layer.
A second aspect of the present invention, provides the preparation method of the fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney described in first aspect, comprises the following steps:
A () provides liner functional layer;
B () lays (making) described intermediate structure layer outward in described liner functional layer, and optional
C () is laid (making) described external protection outward at described intermediate structure layer and is obtained described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney;
Or comprise the following steps:
A () provides liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer, and optional external protection;
B () is by described liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer, and optional external protection is assembled into described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney;
Preferably, following steps are adopted to prepare described structure subgrade:
I () provides a basal plane;
(ii) (making) described structure individual layer A is laid in the periphery of described basal plane;
(iii) (making) described structure individual layer B is laid in the periphery of described structure individual layer A;
(iv) (making) described structure individual layer C is laid in the periphery of described structure individual layer B;
V () lays (making) described structure individual layer D in the periphery of described structure individual layer C;
When described structure individual layer B be without time, omit step (c), lay described structure individual layer C in the periphery of described structure individual layer A.
In another preference, described basal plane is die surface, and described mould is cylindric mould, column type mould or important actor mould.
A third aspect of the present invention, provides a kind of chimney, comprises chimney urceolus and chimney internal cylinder, and described chimney internal cylinder is 1-4 fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as described in relation to the first aspect.
In another preference, described chimney is telescopic or multi-flue chimney.
In another preference, described chimney urceolus is steel concrete urceolus, steel urceolus, brick urceolus or tower-type urceolus.
In another preference, described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney is suspended in the top of described chimney urceolus.
In another preference, described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney is suspended in each support zone of described chimney urceolus.
Fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention, not only there is good hoop mechanical property, and there is good axial mechanical property, take into account simultaneously and meet the various functions requirement such as the erosion of large coal-fired power plant chimney anticorrosion, fire-retardant, antistatic, accumulatingdust, there is constructability and the advantage such as quality control, long service life.
Should be understood that within the scope of the present invention, above-mentioned each technical characteristic of the present invention and can combining mutually between specifically described each technical characteristic in below (eg embodiment), thus form new or preferred technical scheme.As space is limited, tiredly no longer one by one to state at this.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney barrel of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney one preferred liner functional layer of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney one preferred structure subgrade of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention containing a preferred external protection.
Detailed description of the invention
Present inventor is through extensively and in depth studying, develop a kind of novel fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney first, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and optional external protection, wherein, from the inside of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney to outside, described liner functional layer comprises: surperficial carpet veneer-injection layer; Described intermediate structure layer comprises the structure subgrade that at least one has following structure composition: structure individual layer A-structure individual layer B-structure individual layer C-structure individual layer D, and wherein structure individual layer A is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth; Structure individual layer B is nothing or circumferential winding layer; Structure individual layer C is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth; Structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer; And when structure individual layer A is for spraying layer, structure individual layer C is unidirectional layer of cloth; Or structure individual layer A is when being unidirectional layer of cloth, structure individual layer C is for spraying layer.Fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention, not only there is good hoop mechanical property, and there is good axial mechanical property, take into account simultaneously and meet the various functions requirement such as the erosion of large coal-fired power plant chimney anticorrosion, fire-retardant, antistatic, accumulatingdust, there is constructability and the advantage such as quality control, long service life.On this basis, the present invention is completed.
Fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney
As shown in Figure 1, fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention, barrel comprises liner functional layer 1, intermediate structure layer 2 and optional external protection 3.
The effect of liner functional layer 1 is anticorrosion and fire-retardant, static conductive, accumulatingdust.
The Main Function of intermediate structure layer 2 is to provide mechanical property.
External protection 3 pairs of intermediate structure layer 2 certain protective role.Representational protective effect comprises (but being not limited to): uvioresistant, antifouling (cleaning), anticorrosion, anti-oxidant.In addition, external protection 3 also can play certain decoration function.
Fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention is highly 10-400m.Preferably, the height of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney is at 200-350m.In another preference, described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney height is 50m, 100m, 150m, 200m, 250m, 300m or 350m.
Fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention, diameter is 2-15m.Preferably, the diameter of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney is at 6-12m.In another preference, the diameter of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney is 3m, 4m, 5m, 6m, 7m, 8m, 5.5m, 6.5m, 7.5m, 8.5m, 9m, 9.5m, 10m or 12m.
In the present invention, liner functional layer 1, intermediate structure layer 2 and optional external protection 3 are all form primarily of various different structure individual layer.
The preparation method of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
A () provides liner functional layer;
B () lays (making) described intermediate structure layer outward in described liner functional layer, and optional
C () is laid (making) described external protection outward at described intermediate structure layer and is obtained described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney;
Or comprise the following steps:
A () provides liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer, and optional external protection;
B () is by described liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer, and optional external protection is assembled into described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney.Fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention, has following one or more feature:
(1) hoop tensile strength is greater than 235MPa, and modulus is greater than 19.0GPa, and axial tensile strength is greater than 110MPa, and modulus is greater than 12.5GPa;
(2) hoop bending strength is greater than 250MPa, and modulus is greater than 18.0GPa, and axial bending intensity is greater than 140MPa, and modulus is greater than 11.0GPa;
(3) hoop compressive strength is greater than 260MPa, and modulus is greater than 12.0GPa, and axial compression strength is greater than 200MPa, and modulus is greater than 9.0GPa.
Structure individual layer
In the present invention, structure individual layer comprises injection layer, unidirectional layer of cloth, circumferential winding layer, surperficial carpet veneer and scrim layer, carbon fiber carpet veneer and gel coating resin.
In the present invention, spraying layer, unidirectional layer of cloth, circumferential winding layer, surperficial carpet veneer and scrim layer is all be made up of glass fiber reinforced plastics (also referred to as glass fiber reinforced plastic).Glass fiber reinforced plastic is by synthetic resin and glass fiber through combination process, a kind of functional material be made.In the present invention, glass fiber can adopt commercially available prod, the ECR fiber such as provided by Chongqing Polycomp International Co., Ltd or OWENS CORNING company and goods.Wherein, described injection yarn can adopt commercially available prod, as: ECR10k-2400 or p209(2400TEX).Described unidirectional cloth can adopt commercially available prod, as: DW(ECR) 430-600/630 or uD(430g/m 2).Described winding yarn can adopt commercially available prod, as: ECR469L-2400 or sE1200(2400TEX).Described surperficial felt can adopt commercially available prod, as: ST (ECR) 30M-250 or M524-ECR30A(30g/m 2).The surface density of described grid cloth is 40-65g/m 2, be preferably 55-60g/m 2, be more preferred from 60g/m 2.
Carbon fiber carpet veneer is made up of carbon fibre reinforced plastic.Carbon fibre reinforced plastic is using carbon fiber and goods thereof as reinforcing material, makes matrix material, the another kind of high-performance composite materials formed through specific moulding process with synthetic resin.Wherein, the surface density of carbon fiber felt can be 15-25g/m 2, be preferably 17-20g/m 2.
The resin more than the present invention used in each fibre reinforced plastics comprises chemical flame retardant type resin, high temperature resistant type resin.Specifically comprise epoxy vinyl esters resin, unsaturated polyester resin, epoxy resin.Preferred resin comprises: chemical flame retardant type epoxy vinyl esters resin, phenolic epoxy vinyl esters resinoid.Usually, structural resin can be resistance at least 80 DEG C, preferably at least can be resistance to 120 DEG C, more preferably at least can be resistance to 150 DEG C.The resin that the present invention preferably uses is that chemical flame retardant type epoxy vinyl ester resin DERAKANEMOM510C-350HOI or DSM N. V. produce chemical flame retardant type epoxy vinyl ester resin Atlac750.
The thickness of above-mentioned each structure individual layer is 0.2-4mm, is preferably 0.4-3mm.
Gel coating resin is mainly formed from a resin.In another preference, in gel coating resin, resin content is 100wt%, with the total weight of gel coating resin.In another preference, the film forming matter of described gel coating resin is selected from: epoxy vinyl ester resin, unsaturated polyester resin.In another preference, the film forming matter of described gel coating resin is metaphenylene unsaturated polyester resin.
The thickness of above-mentioned gel coating resin is 0.1-1.5mm, is preferably 0.15-0.6mm.
In another preference, 50% of the varied in thickness < average thickness of each structure individual layer on described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney hoop, preferably varied in thickness < average thickness 20%.
Preferred employing following methods prepares each structure individual layer:
Basal plane process: when basal plane is mould, cleaning die surface, application release agent, lays plastic sheeting; When basal plane is other structure individual layers, mechanical grinding surface, the floating ash of cleaning, application release agent, lay plastic sheeting;
Unidirectional layer of cloth: unidirectional cloth is carried out cutting, be wound on basal plane by winding machine (or manual) by the unidirectional cloth being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound), winding tension is 10-500MPa, obtains unidirectional layer of cloth after solidification.Preferably, intermittent operation technique is adopted.
Circumferential winding layer: control tension force 10-500MPa by winding machine (or manual) and be wound on basal plane by the winding yarn being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound), solidification forms circumferential winding layer later.In another preference, during described circumferential winding layer construction, adopt the method for continuous winding, the winding angle being wound around yarn is 40-90 degree, and preferably, winding angle is 75-90 degree, and more preferably, winding angle is 80-90 degree.
Spray layer: use spraying machine, glass fiber and resin, curing compound are converged at nozzle place, be ejected on basal plane together, solidification obtains spraying layer of sand.
Surface carpet veneer: be wound on basal plane by winding machine (or manual) by the surperficial felt being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound), winding tension is 10-500MPa, forms surperficial carpet veneer after solidification.Preferably, continuous winding technique is adopted.
Scrim layer: be wound on basal plane by winding machine (or manual) by the grid cloth being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound), winding tension is 10-500MPa, and solidification forms scrim layer later.Preferably, continuous winding technique is adopted.
Carbon fiber carpet veneer: be wound on basal plane by winding machine (or manual) by the carbon fiber felt being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound), winding tension is 10-500MPa, forms carbon fiber carpet veneer after solidification.Preferably, continuous winding technique is adopted.
Gel coating resin: be coated on basal plane by resin gel coat (being mixed with curing compound), solidification forms gel coating resin later, preferably, adopts continuous spray technology.
Liner functional layer
As shown in Figure 2, from the inside of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney to outside, the structure of described liner functional layer 1 is:
Surface carpet veneer 12-sprays layer 13,
Optional scrim layer (not shown) also can be comprised outside described injection layer 13.
In another preference, described liner functional layer 1 also comprises the carbon fiber carpet veneer 11 of innermost layer, and structure is:
Carbon fiber carpet veneer 11-surface carpet veneer 12-sprays layer 13.
In another preference, between described carbon fiber carpet veneer and described surperficial carpet veneer, also there is scrim layer.
In another preference, in described liner functional layer, the fiber areal densities of described carbon fiber carpet veneer is 10-30g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-99wt%, with the total weight of described carbon fiber carpet veneer.Preferably, the fiber areal densities of described carbon fiber carpet veneer is 12-25g/m 2.Preferably, the resin content of described carbon fiber carpet veneer is 85wt%-98wt%, with the total weight of described carbon fiber carpet veneer.In another preference, the thickness of described carbon fiber carpet veneer is 0.1-1mm, and preferably, thickness is 0.15-0.8mm.
In another preference, in described liner functional layer, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 15-50g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-98wt%, with the total weight of described surperficial carpet veneer.Preferably, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 20-40g/m 2.Preferably, the resin content of described surperficial carpet veneer is 85wt%-95wt%, with the total weight of described surperficial carpet veneer.In another preference, the thickness of described surperficial carpet veneer is 0.1-1mm, and preferably, thickness is 0.15-0.5mm.
In another preference, in described liner functional layer, the fiber areal densities of described injection layer is 100-800g/m 2, resin content is 65wt%-90wt%, with the total weight of described injection layer.Preferably, the fiber areal densities of described injection layer is 200-500g/m 2, preferably, the resin content of described injection layer is 70wt%-85wt%, with the total weight of described injection layer.In another preference, the thickness of described injection layer is 0.1-3mm, and preferably, thickness is 0.5-1.5mm.
In another preference, in described liner functional layer, the fiber areal densities of described scrim layer is 30-100g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-95wt%, with the total weight of described scrim layer.Preferably, the fiber areal densities of described scrim layer is 40-70g/m 2.Preferably, the resin content of described scrim layer is 60wt%-90wt%, with the total weight of described scrim layer.In another preference, the thickness of described scrim layer is 0.1-1.5mm, and preferably, thickness is 0.15-0.9mm.
In another preference, in described liner functional layer, 50% of the varied in thickness < average thickness of each structure individual layer on described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney hoop, preferably varied in thickness < average thickness 20%.
When preparing liner functional layer, first carbon fiber felt, surperficial felt, injection yarn can be laid on basal plane successively by the mode be wound around or spray, by catching up with pressure to go out bubble, coating or spray the mode of supplementing resin, resin and fiber or fibre are evenly combined again, solidification obtains each structure individual layer.
Or, first on basal plane, lay carbon fiber felt layer, then on carbon fiber carpet veneer, carry out the construction of injection layer, and optionally lay scrim layer and/or lay scrim layer between described carbon fiber carpet veneer and described surperficial carpet veneer on injection layer.The Specific construction mode of each structure individual layer as previously mentioned.
Intermediate structure layer
Intermediate structure layer 2 comprises at least one structure subgrade 20, and as shown in Figure 3, from the inside of described chimney to outside, described structure subgrade 20 comprises:
Structure individual layer A21-structure individual layer B22-structure individual layer C23-structure individual layer D24,
Wherein, structure individual layer A21 is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth;
Structure individual layer B22 is nothing or circumferential winding layer;
Structure individual layer C23 is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth;
Structure individual layer D24 is circumferential winding layer;
And when structure individual layer A21 is for spraying layer, structure individual layer C23 is unidirectional layer of cloth; Or structure individual layer A21 is when being unidirectional layer of cloth, structure individual layer C23 is for spraying layer.
The thickness of intermediate structure layer 2 of the present invention is 8-50mm.In another preference, the thickness of intermediate structure layer 2 is 8-18mm, 19-24mm or 25-50mm.
In another preference, 25% of the varied in thickness < average thickness of the different parts of described intermediate structure layer on hoop, preferably, 10% of varied in thickness < average thickness, more preferably, varied in thickness < average thickness 5%.
In described intermediate structure layer, the quantity of described structure subgrade is 2-30, is preferably 3-20.The thickness of described structure subgrade is 1.5-5mm, is preferably 2-4mm.In another preference, for same structure subgrade, 30% of the varied in thickness < average thickness of its different parts on hoop, preferably, 15% of varied in thickness < average thickness.
In the present invention, preferred structure subgrade comprises structure subgrade 1(and is designated as S1 in the examples below), structure subgrade 2(is designated as S2), structure subgrade 3(is designated as S3), structure subgrade 4(is designated as S4).
In structure subgrade 1, structure individual layer A is for spraying layer, and structure individual layer B is circumferential winding layer, and structure individual layer C is unidirectional layer of cloth, and structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer.
In structure subgrade 2, structure individual layer A is for spraying layer, and structure individual layer B is nothing, and structure individual layer C is unidirectional layer of cloth, and structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer.
In structure subgrade 3, structure individual layer A is unidirectional layer of cloth, and structure individual layer B is nothing, and structure individual layer C is for spraying layer, and structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer.
In structure subgrade 4, structure individual layer A is unidirectional layer of cloth, and structure individual layer B is circumferential winding layer, and structure individual layer C is for spraying layer, and structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer.
Can arrange additional structure individual layer between each described structure subgrade, described additional structure individual layer is unidirectional layer of cloth (being designated as F1 in the examples below), circumferential winding layer (being designated as F2), injection layer (being designated as F3), surperficial carpet veneer (being designated as F4) or its combination.
Intermediate structure layer also comprises the outermost structural individual layer connected with described external protection; described outermost structural individual layer is for spraying layer (being designated as Y1 in the examples below) or circumferential winding layer (being designated as Y2); and between described outermost structural individual layer and described structure subgrade, additional structure individual layer can be set, described additional structure individual layer is unidirectional layer of cloth (being designated as F1 in the examples below), circumferential winding layer (being designated as F2), injection layer (being designated as F3), surperficial carpet veneer (being designated as F4) or its combination.
In intermediate structure layer, the fiber areal densities of described injection layer is 100-800g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-80wt%, with the total weight of described injection layer.Preferably, fiber areal densities is 200-600g/m 2, resin content is 55wt%-75wt%, with the total weight of described injection layer.
In intermediate structure layer, the fiber areal densities of described unidirectional layer of cloth is 200-600g/m 2, resin content is 30wt%-60wt%, with the total weight of described unidirectional layer of cloth.Preferably, fiber areal densities is 250-500g/m 2, resin content is 35wt%-55wt%, with the total weight of described unidirectional layer of cloth.
In intermediate structure layer, the fiber areal densities of described circumferential winding layer is 300-3000g/m 2, resin content is 25wt%-50wt%, with the total weight of described circumferential winding layer.Preferably fiber areal densities is 400-2000g/m 2, resin content is 30wt%-45wt%, with the total weight of described circumferential winding layer.
In intermediate structure layer, the thickness of each structure individual layer is 0.2-4mm, is preferably 0.4-3mm.In another preference, the thickness of described injection layer is 0.2-2mm, is preferably 0.5-1.5mm.In another preference, the thickness of described unidirectional layer of cloth is 0.2-1mm, is preferably 0.2-0.8mm.In another preference, the thickness of described circumferential winding layer is 0.2-1mm, is preferably 0.3-0.8mm.
In another preference, 50% of the varied in thickness < average thickness of each structure individual layer on described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney hoop, preferably varied in thickness < average thickness 20%.
When preparing structure subgrade, can first glass fiber or fiberglass products be laid on basal plane by the mode of spraying or be wound around, by catching up with pressure to go out bubble, coating or spray the mode of supplementing resin, resin and glass fiber or fiberglass products are evenly combined again, solidification obtains each structure individual layer.
In addition, following methods can be adopted to prepare structure subgrade.For structure subgrade 1 in detail its preferred preparation method is described in detail below, comprises the following steps:
Injection layer is constructed: use spraying machine, glass fiber and resin, curing compound are converged at nozzle place, be ejected on basal plane together, and solidification obtains spraying layer;
Circumferential winding layer is constructed: control tension force 10-500MPa by winding machine, is wound into by the winding yarn being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound) and sprays on layer, and solidification forms circumferential winding layer later;
Lay unidirectional layer of cloth: be wound on circumferential winding layer by winding machine by the unidirectional cloth being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound), winding tension is 10-500MPa, obtains unidirectional layer of cloth after solidification; Preferably, intermittent operation technique is adopted.
Circumferential winding layer is constructed: control tension force 10-500MPa by winding machine, be wound on unidirectional layer of cloth by the winding yarn being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound), and solidification forms circumferential winding layer later.
The similar method of preferred employing prepares structure subgrade 2, structure subgrade 3 and structure subgrade 4, repeats no more herein.
External protection
As shown in Figure 4, described external protection 3 comprises gel coating resin 31, and optional surperficial carpet veneer 32 and optional scrim layer 33.
In another preference, described external protection comprises gel coating resin and surperficial carpet veneer, and described surperficial carpet veneer is between described gel coating resin and described intermediate structure layer.Optional, described external protection also comprises scrim layer, and described scrim layer is between described surperficial carpet veneer and described gel coating resin.
In external protection, gel coating resin is mainly formed from a resin.In another preference, described gel coating resin is made up of metaphenylene unsaturated polyester resin.In another preference, the thickness of described gel coating resin is 0.1-1.5mm, and preferably, thickness is 0.15-0.6mm.
In external protection, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 20-800g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-98wt%, with the total weight of described surperficial carpet veneer.In another preference, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 20-50g/m 2.In another preference, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 200-500g/m 2.In another preference, the resin content of described surperficial carpet veneer is 85wt%-95wt%, with the total weight of described surperficial carpet veneer.In another preference, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 20-500g/m 2.In another preference, the thickness of described surperficial carpet veneer is 0.1-1.5mm, and preferably, thickness is 0.15-0.6mm.
In external protection, the fiber areal densities of optional described scrim layer is 30-100g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-95wt%, with the total weight of described scrim layer.Preferably, the fiber areal densities of described scrim layer is 50-80g/m 2.Preferably, the resin content of described scrim layer is 60wt%-85wt%, with the total weight of described scrim layer.
When preparing external protection; can first surperficial felt, optional grid cloth be laid on basal plane by the mode be wound around successively; by catching up with pressure to go out bubble, coating or spray the mode of supplementing resin, resin and above-mentioned fibre are evenly combined again; solidification obtains described surperficial carpet veneer, optional scrim layer, and the resin gel coat of outermost forms described gel coating resin.
Or first lay surperficial carpet veneer on basal plane, optionally carry out scrim layer construction on surperficial carpet veneer, last coated with resins gel coat forms gel coating resin.The Specific construction mode of each structure individual layer as previously mentioned.
The above-mentioned feature that the present invention mentions, or the feature that embodiment is mentioned can be combined.All features that this case manual discloses can with any composition forms and use, each feature disclosed in manual, anyly can be provided identical, alternative characteristics that is impartial or similar object replaces.Therefore apart from special instruction, the feature disclosed is only general example that is impartial or similar features.
Usefulness of the present invention is:
(1) fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention has excellent decay resistance, good axial mechanical property and hoop mechanical property;
(2) fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney integral seamless of the present invention, impermeabilisation ability is strong;
(3) fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney recoverability of the present invention is strong, and local can process as required;
(4) fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention cannot be degraded, not easily aging, long service life;
(5) fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney constructability of the present invention and quality control;
(6) fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention can meet fire-retardant, the various functions requirement such as antistatic, accumulatingdust;
(7) fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention is applicable to large-size thermal power plant.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, set forth the present invention further.Should be understood that these embodiments are only not used in for illustration of the present invention to limit the scope of the invention.The experimental technique of unreceipted actual conditions in the following example, the usually conveniently conditioned disjunction condition of advising according to manufacturer.Unless otherwise indicated, otherwise percentage and number calculate by weight.
Unless otherwise defined, all specialties used in literary composition and scientific words and one skilled in the art the meaning be familiar with identical.In addition, any method similar or impartial to described content and material all can be applicable in the inventive method.The use that better implementation method described in literary composition and material only present a demonstration.
Universal method
In the examples below, following methods is adopted to prepare each structure individual layer:
Basal plane process: when basal plane is mould, cleaning die surface, application release agent, lays plastic sheeting; When basal plane is structure individual layer, mechanical grinding surface, the floating ash of cleaning, application release agent, lay plastic sheeting;
Unidirectional layer of cloth: be wound on basal plane by winding machine by the unidirectional cloth being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound methyl ethyl ketone peroxide), winding tension is 100-200MPa, obtains unidirectional layer of cloth after solidification.
Circumferential winding layer: control tension force 100-200MPa by winding machine and be wound on basal plane by the winding yarn being soaked with resin (being mixed with methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, cobalt iso-octoate), solidification forms circumferential winding layer later.The winding angle being wound around yarn is 80-90 degree.
Spray layer: use spraying machine, glass fiber and resin (containing cobalt iso-octoate), curing compound methyl ethyl ketone peroxide are converged at nozzle place, be ejected on basal plane together, remove bubble, solidification obtains spraying layer.
Surface carpet veneer: be wound on basal plane by the surperficial felt being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound methyl ethyl ketone peroxide), winding tension is 100-200MPa, forms surperficial carpet veneer after solidification.
Scrim layer: be wound on basal plane by the grid cloth being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound methyl ethyl ketone peroxide), winding tension is 100-200MPa, solidification forms scrim layer later.
Carbon fiber carpet veneer: adopt continuous winding technique to be wound on basal plane by the carbon fiber felt being soaked with resin (being mixed with curing compound methyl ethyl ketone peroxide) by winding machine, winding tension is 100-200MPa, forms carbon fiber carpet veneer after solidification.
The resin used in each structure individual layer is above that chemical flame retardant type epoxy vinyl ester resin DERAKANEMOM510C-350HOI or DSM N. V. produce chemical flame retardant type epoxy vinyl ester resin Atlac750.Various glass fiber or fiberglass products are provided by OWENS CORNING company by Chongqing Polycomp International Co., Ltd.
Gel coating resin: adopt injection operating procedure to be continuously coated on basal plane by metaphenylene unsaturated polyester resin gel coat (being mixed with curing compound methyl ethyl ketone peroxide), solidification forms gel coating resin later.
In addition, the method adopting following standard to specify tests various performance." the generals of test methods for properties of fiberreinforced plastics " GB/T1446; " fibre reinforced plastics Erichsen test method " GB/T1447; " Test method for compressive properties of glass fiberreinforced plastics " GB/T1448; " Test method for flexural properties of glass fiberreinforced plastics " GB/T1449; " Test method for interlaminar shear strength of glass fiberreinforced plastics " GB/T1450.1; " Test method for the punchtype of strength of glass fiberreinforced plastics " GB/T1450.2; " fiberglass reinforced thermosetting plastics chemical mediator-resitant property test method " GB/T3857; " Test method of resistivity for fibre reinforced conducting and antistatic plastics " GB/T15738-2008; " glass fiber reinforced plastics combustibility test method " GB/T8924-88; " glass fiber reinforced plastics ageing properties test method " GB/T2573; " loading code for design of building structures " GB50009-2001.
Embodiment 1
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, and diameter is 7.2 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer comprises surperficial carpet veneer from inside to outside and sprays layer, and thickness is 1.2mm.
Intermediate structure layer from inside to outside 4 structure subgrades, 1,2 additional structure individual layers and 1 outermost structural individual layer is formed, and structure is S1-S1-F2-F2-S1-S1-Y2, and gross thickness is 14.2mm.
External protection is gel coating resin, and thickness is 0.25mm.
Embodiment 2
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, and diameter is 7.2 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer is made up of carbon fiber carpet veneer, surperficial carpet veneer and injection layer from inside to outside, and thickness is 1.5mm.
Intermediate structure layer from inside to outside structure is S1-S1-F1-S1-S2-F1-F2-S1-S4, and the gross thickness of intermediate structure layer is 16.5mm.
External protection is gel coating resin, and thickness is 0.25mm.
Embodiment 3
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, and diameter is 8.5 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer is made up of carbon fiber carpet veneer, surperficial carpet veneer, injection layer and scrim layer from inside to outside, and thickness is 1.9mm.
Intermediate structure layer from inside to outside structure is S1-S2-S1-F1-F2-S3-F1-F2-S1-Y2, and the gross thickness of intermediate structure layer is 17.5mm.
External protection is made up of surperficial carpet veneer and gel coating resin from inside to outside, and gross thickness is 0.5mm.
Embodiment 4
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, and diameter is 9 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer is made up of carbon fiber carpet veneer, surperficial carpet veneer and injection layer from inside to outside, and thickness is 1.46mm.
Intermediate structure Rotating fields is S1-S1-S1-F1-F2-S1-S1-S1-S2-S4-Y1, and gross thickness is 18.8mm.
External protection is made up of surperficial carpet veneer, scrim layer and gel coating resin from inside to outside, and thickness is 0.66mm.
Embodiment 5
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, and diameter is 7.2 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer is made up of carbon fiber carpet veneer, scrim layer, surperficial carpet veneer, injection layer and scrim layer from inside to outside, and thickness is 2.04mm.
Intermediate structure layer from inside to outside structure is S1-S1-S2-F1-F2-S1-S3-S2-F1-F2-S1-S4, and the gross thickness of intermediate structure layer is 21.5mm.
External protection is made up of surperficial carpet veneer and gel coating resin from inside to outside, and thickness is 0.55mm.
Embodiment 6
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer, and diameter is 10 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer is made up of carbon fiber carpet veneer, surperficial carpet veneer, injection layer and scrim layer from inside to outside, and thickness is 1.86mm.
Intermediate structure layer from inside to outside structure is S1-S1-S1-F1-F2-S1-S3-S1-F1-F2-S1-S1-Y2, and the gross thickness of intermediate structure layer is 20.5mm.
Embodiment 7
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, and diameter is 8 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer is made up of carbon fiber carpet veneer, scrim layer, surperficial carpet veneer, injection layer and scrim layer from inside to outside, and thickness is 2.1mm.
Intermediate structure Rotating fields is S1-S1-S2-F1-F2-S1-S1-S1-F4-S3-S1-S2-S4-Y1, and gross thickness is 24.8mm.
External protection is made up of surperficial carpet veneer, scrim layer and gel coating resin from inside to outside, and thickness is 0.64mm.
Embodiment 8
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, and diameter is 8.6 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer is made up of carbon fiber carpet veneer, surperficial carpet veneer and injection layer from inside to outside, and thickness is 1.56mm.
Intermediate structure layer from inside to outside structure is S1-S1-S2-F1-F2-S1-S1-S2-F1-S1-F2-S1-S1-F2-S2-S1-S4-S1-S1-Y1, and the gross thickness of intermediate structure layer is 32.5mm.
External protection is made up of surperficial carpet veneer and gel coating resin from inside to outside, and thickness is 0.5mm.
Embodiment 9
The fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present embodiment, barrel comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, and diameter is 7.8 meters.
Wherein, liner functional layer is made up of carbon fiber carpet veneer, surperficial carpet veneer, injection layer and scrim layer from inside to outside, and thickness is 1.86mm.
Intermediate structure layer from inside to outside structure is S1-S2-S1-F1-F2-S1-S3-S1-F1-S1-S1-F2-S1-S1-S4-S2, and the gross thickness of intermediate structure layer is 26.5mm.
External protection is made up of surperficial carpet veneer and gel coating resin from inside to outside, and gross thickness is 0.52mm.
Embodiment 10
After testing, the hoop tensile strength of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney prepared by embodiment 1-9 is greater than 235MPa, and modulus is greater than 19.0GPa, and axial tensile strength is greater than 110MPa, and modulus is greater than 12.5GPa; Hoop bending strength is greater than 250MPa, and modulus is greater than 18.0GPa, and axial bending intensity is greater than 140MPa, and modulus is greater than 11.0GPa; Hoop compressive strength is greater than 260MPa, and modulus is greater than 12.0GPa, and axial compression strength is greater than 200MPa, and modulus is greater than 9.0GPa.
Result shows, fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention not only on hoop, and all can meet the requirement to large-size thermal power plant chimney mechanical property in the axial direction, may be used for the chimney of large-size thermal power plant.
Embodiment 11
Height embodiment 5 prepared is that a fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney (diameter 7.2 meters) of 240m, as chimney internal cylinder, is suspended in the top of steel concrete urceolus, in certain large-size thermal power plant as chimney to it functional and mechanical property investigate.
After 1 year, fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney integral seamless, do not occur cracking, seepage, come off, play the problems such as bulging, aging in flakes, integrality is good.And do not find obvious corrosion, good corrosion resistance.Axially huge gravity load can be born, also meet mechanical property requirements on hoop.
Comparative example 1-3
In development process, inventor also makes the fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney testing multiple different structure.Fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney in these comparative examples, its liner functional layer and external protection are identical with embodiment 1-5's, and difference is mainly deck, being constructed as follows shown in table 1 of representational deck.
Wherein S1a: with the S1 of embodiment 1, difference is to omit and sprays layer.S1b: with the S1 of embodiment 1, difference is to omit unidirectional layer of cloth.S1c: with the S1 of embodiment 1, difference is that being wound around yarn winding angle is 20 degree.
The intermediate structure layer comparison to structure and propertY result of the fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of table 1 comparative example and embodiment
Table 2 standards of grading
Adopt the standard of table 2, the performance of fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney prepared by embodiment 1-9 and comparative example 1-3 is evaluated, result shows, compared with the fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney prepared with comparative example 1-3, fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney of the present invention has excellent manufacturability, be easy to construction, without macroscopic defect, even structure is fine and close, particularly 5 axial and hoop excellent in mechanical performance, meet the requirement of large-size thermal power plant to chimney, go for large-size thermal power plant.
The all documents mentioned in the present invention are quoted as a reference all in this application, are just quoted separately as a reference as each section of document.In addition should be understood that 10 those skilled in the art can make various changes or modifications the present invention, and these equivalent form of values fall within the application's appended claims limited range equally after having read above-mentioned instruction content of the present invention.

Claims (14)

1. a fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney, is characterized in that, the barrel of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney comprises liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer and external protection, wherein, from the inside of described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney to outside,
Described liner functional layer comprises:
Surface carpet veneer-injection layer;
Described intermediate structure layer comprises 2-30 structure subgrade, and described structure subgrade comprises:
Structure individual layer A-structure individual layer B-structure individual layer C-structure individual layer D,
Wherein, structure individual layer A is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth;
Structure individual layer B is nothing or circumferential winding layer;
Structure individual layer C is for spraying layer or unidirectional layer of cloth;
Structure individual layer D is circumferential winding layer;
And when structure individual layer A is for spraying layer, structure individual layer C is unidirectional layer of cloth; Or structure individual layer A is when being unidirectional layer of cloth, structure individual layer C for spraying layer,
Described external protection comprises gel coating resin.
2. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described liner functional layer also comprises the carbon fiber carpet veneer of innermost layer; And/or
Also scrim layer can be comprised outward at the injection layer of described liner functional layer.
3. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described external protection also comprises surperficial carpet veneer and/or scrim layer, and described surperficial carpet veneer and/or scrim layer are arranged between described intermediate structure layer and described gel coating resin.
4. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the thickness of described structure subgrade is 1.5-5mm; And/or
The quantity of described structure subgrade is 3-30; And/or
The thickness of each structure individual layer is 0.05-4mm.
5. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that, between each described structure subgrade, arrange additional structure individual layer, and described additional structure individual layer is unidirectional layer of cloth, circumferential winding layer, injection layer, surperficial carpet veneer or its combination.
6. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described intermediate structure layer also comprises the outermost structural individual layer connected with described external protection, and described outermost structural individual layer is for spraying layer or circumferential winding layer.
7. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, arrange additional structure individual layer between described outermost structural individual layer and described structure subgrade, described additional structure individual layer is unidirectional layer of cloth, circumferential winding layer, injection layer, surperficial carpet veneer or its combination.
8. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in described circumferential winding layer, the winding angle being wound around yarn is 40-90 degree.
9. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in described circumferential winding layer, the winding angle being wound around yarn is 75-90 degree.
10. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in described circumferential winding layer, the winding angle being wound around yarn is 80-90 degree.
11. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimneys as described in any one of claim 1-10, it is characterized in that, in described liner functional layer, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 15-50g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-98wt%, with the total weight of described surperficial carpet veneer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described injection layer is 100-800g/m 2, resin content is 65wt%-90wt%, with the total weight of described injection layer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described carbon fiber carpet veneer is 10-30g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-99wt%, with the total weight of described carbon fiber carpet veneer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described scrim layer is 30-100g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-95wt%, with the total weight of described scrim layer; And/or
In described intermediate structure layer, the fiber areal densities of described injection layer is 100g/m 2-800g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-80wt%, with the total weight of described injection layer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described unidirectional layer of cloth is 200g/m 2-600g/m 2, resin content is 30wt%-60wt%, with the total weight of described unidirectional layer of cloth; And/or the fiber areal densities of described circumferential winding layer is 300g/m 2-3000g/m 2, resin content is 25wt%-50wt%, with the total weight of described circumferential winding layer; And/or
In described external protection, the fiber areal densities of described surperficial carpet veneer is 20-800g/m 2, resin content is 80wt%-98wt%, with the total weight of described surperficial carpet veneer; And/or the fiber areal densities of described scrim layer is 30-100g/m 2, resin content is 50wt%-95wt%, with the total weight of described scrim layer.
The preparation method of 12. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimneys as described in any one of claim 1-11, is characterized in that, said method comprising the steps of:
A () provides liner functional layer;
B () lays described intermediate structure layer outward in described liner functional layer,
C () is laid described external protection outward at described intermediate structure layer and is obtained described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney;
Or comprise the following steps:
A () provides liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer, and external protection;
B () is by described liner functional layer, intermediate structure layer, and external protection is assembled into described fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney;
When described structure individual layer B be without time, omit step (c), lay described structure individual layer C in the periphery of described structure individual layer A.
The preparation method of 13. fiber glass reinforced plastic chimneys as described in any one of claim 1-11, is characterized in that, adopts following steps to prepare described structure subgrade:
I () provides a basal plane;
(ii) described structure individual layer A is laid in the periphery of described basal plane;
(iii) described structure individual layer B is laid in the periphery of described structure individual layer A;
(iv) described structure individual layer C is laid in the periphery of described structure individual layer B;
V () lays described structure individual layer D in the periphery of described structure individual layer C.
14. 1 kinds of chimneys, comprise chimney urceolus and chimney internal cylinder, it is characterized in that, described chimney internal cylinder is the individual fiber glass reinforced plastic chimney as described in any one of claim 1-11 of 1-4.
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