CN103520979B - A kind of process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter and ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method - Google Patents

A kind of process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter and ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103520979B
CN103520979B CN201310481799.6A CN201310481799A CN103520979B CN 103520979 B CN103520979 B CN 103520979B CN 201310481799 A CN201310481799 A CN 201310481799A CN 103520979 B CN103520979 B CN 103520979B
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tank bottoms
enzymolysis liquid
soil
rotary drum
ultrafiltration
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CN103520979A (en
Inventor
王思新
冷传祝
孙雅君
李喜宏
李瑶瑶
姜南
徐宁洲
杨亚旭
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Guotouzhonglu Fruit Juice Co., Ltd.
Hebei Guo Zhong Lu fruit and vegetable juice Co., Ltd.
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GUOTOUZHONGLU FRUIT JUICE CO Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter and ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method, comprise rotary drum driving device, lautertuns, rotary drum, dispensing head, agitating device, it is characterized in that: at inner bottom part one sidewall of lautertuns, one supersonic generator is installed, be shaped with enzymolysis liquid entrance at lautertuns one sidewall, enzymolysis liquid entrance connects enzymolysis liquid front pump.Tank bottoms can be directly disposed to treatment process at the bottom of tank when ultrafiltration reaches the cleaning frequency by ultrafiltration tank bottoms processor provided by the invention, without the need to being diluted with water online, shorten scavenging period simultaneously, per cleaning frequency saving 1.5h is diluted with water the liftout time, simultaneously also significantly reduce the solid particle auxiliary materials such as active carbon to the blocking of milipore filter and the degree of wear, be conducive to extending milipore filter service life.

Description

A kind of process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter and ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method
Technical field
The invention belongs to cleaning and drying device field, especially a kind of process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter and ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method.
Background technology
In fruit juice production process, ultrafiltration operation per production cycle terminates, the mixture of large carbon content active, fruit juice and other composition is saved bit by bit in ultrafiltration circulating tank, be called tank bottoms, owing to wherein containing a large amount of fruit juice, hesitate to discard and increase cost of sewage disposal, current processing mode is diluted with water to improve the circulation of tank bottoms to guarantee that ultrafiltration runs well in ultrafiltration circulating tank, thus many as far as possible collections fruit juice wherein.
This processing mode drawback is: be diluted with water occupy ultrafiltration cleaning, the production time; Add water and cause rear line evaporation capacity to strengthen, energy consumption increases; Juice extraction in tank bottoms is insufficient; Liquid tank bottoms is disposed to sewage plant and adds sewage disposal difficulty and cost.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part, process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter and ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method are provided, this vacuum-type drum filter adds ultrasonic generator and enzymolysis liquid entrance on the basis of existing filter in lautertuns, open ultrasonic after, the separating rate that can increase fruit juice and active carbon improves tank bottoms disposal ability, can reduce the chocking-up degree of cloth soil after increasing enzymolysis liquid, the fruit juice increased after treatment effeciency recovery can continue to use after the enzyme that goes out simultaneously.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter, comprise rotary drum driving device, lautertuns, rotary drum, dispensing head, agitating device, it is characterized in that: at inner bottom part one sidewall of lautertuns, one supersonic generator is installed, be shaped with enzymolysis liquid entrance at lautertuns one sidewall, enzymolysis liquid entrance connects enzymolysis liquid front pump.
And described enzymolysis liquid front pump adopts motor to drive.
A kind of employing vacuum-type drum filter process ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method, step is as follows:
(1) drum surface cloth soil: the rotary drum of vacuum-type drum filter is carried out rotary drum and carries out cloth soil, cloth soil thickness 4cm, with soil: perlite, thick soil, fine earth; Three kinds of soil cycling coating in order repeatedly from inside to outside;
(2) be placed in lautertuns after being diluted with water by filling substrate, start agitating device, tank bottoms comprises the insoluble solid such as active carbon and fruit juice; Stir and open supersonic generator simultaneously, process 20-30 minute;
(3) pass into enzymolysis liquid, described enzymolysis liquid consists of: amylase, pectase, protease, cellulase, and its addition can regulate according to the content of insoluble solid in tank bottoms, continues to stir 0.5-1 hour after adding enzymolysis liquid,
(4) led to after enzymolysis liquid and started drum drive unit, drive rotary drum to carry out rotating filter, after filtering, active carbon is filtered to drum surface, when thickness to a certain extent after, removed with device for discharging;
(5) the fruit juice filtering acquisition carries out bar and kills, sterilization, joins unification in original fruit juice and carry out ultrafiltration and subsequent step after the enzyme that goes out;
(6) the cloth soil of active carbon and drum surface is together removed as solid refuse.
And, tank bottoms disposal ability: 206kg/h.m after described cloth soil 2, fruit juice flux: 157.5kg/h.m after cloth soil 2.
And, be coated with fine earth, final coating layer thickness 4cm after described cloth soil 2.5-3cm.
And, in described enzymolysis liquid, the addition of various enzyme is: amylase: diastatic addition is the 0.001-0.01% of tank bottoms weight, pectase: the addition of pectase is the 0.002-0.05% of tank bottoms weight, protease: the addition of protease is the 0.002-0.02% of tank bottoms weight; The addition of cellulase is the 0.002-0.05% of tank bottoms weight.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect as follows:
1, ultrafiltration tank bottoms processor provided by the invention is fixedly mounted with Vltrasonic device in lautertuns, opening ultrasonic, can be improved the separating rate of fruit juice and the impurity such as active carbon, insoluble solid when cleaning, and improves cleaning efficiency.
2, ultrafiltration tank bottoms processor provided by the invention is shaped with cleaning fluid at sidewall and adds entrance, can add enzymolysis liquid, the stickums such as the pectin in enzymolysis fruit juice, fiber, sugar in main frame, improves cleaning efficiency.
3, tank bottoms can be directly disposed to treatment process at the bottom of tank when ultrafiltration reaches the cleaning frequency by ultrafiltration tank bottoms processor provided by the invention, without the need to being diluted with water online, shorten scavenging period simultaneously, per cleaning frequency saving 1.5h is diluted with water the liftout time, simultaneously also significantly reduce the solid particle auxiliary materials such as active carbon to the blocking of milipore filter and the degree of wear, be conducive to extending milipore filter service life.
4, other magazins' layout such as the fruit juice in tank bottoms and active carbon can effectively be collected by this equipment.The insoluble solids such as active carbon are solid-state separated, effectively can reduce cost of sewage disposal.Tank bottoms crushing juice rate 76.54%.Leaching juice, to cross ultra-filtration flux relatively low.It is normal that tank bottoms leaches the concentrated rear indices of juice.
5, the solid-liquid separation effect of ultrafiltration tank bottoms processor provided by the invention is better, and fruit juice yield is higher, and the impurity such as the active carbon separated, insoluble solid, with solid state garbage disposal, reduce cost of sewage disposal.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 vacuum-type drum filter operation flow chart.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described, and following embodiment is illustrative, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with following embodiment.
A kind of process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter, comprise rotary drum driving device 1, lautertuns 2, rotary drum 3, dispensing head 4, agitating device, rotary drum level is packed in lautertuns upper surface, rotary drum driving device is installed in rotary drum one end, rotary drum driving device drives drum main shaft to rotate, the other end of rotary drum installs dispensing head, dispensing head is shaped with three pipe connector lugs, connect filtrate (liquid interface respectively, compressed air inlet interface, vacuum pump interface, lautertuns inner bottom part also installs agitating device (blocking in way, not shown).
Above-mentioned vacuum-type drum filter except above describe device and structure except, also comprise relevant connection pipeline etc., there is no detailed description, because the vacuum-type drum filter mentioned in prior art can meet the present invention, without special combination, shape and functional requirement, as the GF type rotary drum vacuum filter that Shanghai chemical machinery Co., Ltd manufactures, vacuum-type drum filter disclosed in patent document CN201082371 is also had to meet the present invention, the schematic diagram that vacuum-type drum filter shown in accompanying drawing just selects the structure of one of them to provide for display structure of the present invention, not there is special protection domain.
Innovation of the present invention is, installs a supersonic generator 8, be shaped with enzymolysis liquid entrance 5 at lautertuns one sidewall at inner bottom part one sidewall of lautertuns, and enzymolysis liquid entrance connects enzymolysis liquid front pump 6.
The enzymolysis liquid front pump that the present embodiment provides adopts motor 7 to drive, and is packed on support in motor one is logical.
What following examples adopted is Italian Padovan vacuum-type drum filter, is fixedly mounted with supersonic generator, is also shaped with enzymolysis liquid entrance at sidewall in lautertuns.
A kind of employing vacuum-type drum filter process ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method, step is as follows:
(1) drum surface cloth soil: the rotary drum of vacuum-type drum filter is carried out rotary drum and carries out cloth soil, cloth soil thickness 4cm, measure with soil: perlite 6kg (1.5 yuan/kg), thick diatomite 20kg, thin diatomite 50kg (3.5 yuan/kg); Tank bottoms disposal ability: 206kg/h.m after cloth soil 2.Fruit juice flux: 157.5kg/h.m after cloth soil 2.Three kinds of soil cycling coating in order repeatedly from inside to outside, is mainly coated with fine earth after 2.5-3cm, final coating layer thickness 4cm;
(2) be placed in lautertuns after being diluted with water by filling substrate, start agitating device, tank bottoms comprises the insoluble solid such as active carbon and fruit juice; Stir and open supersonic generator simultaneously, process 20-30 minute;
(3) pass into enzymolysis liquid, described enzymolysis liquid consists of: amylase, pectase, protease, cellulase, and its addition can regulate according to the content of insoluble solid in tank bottoms, continues to stir 0.5-1 hour after adding enzymolysis liquid,
The addition of various enzyme is: amylase: diastatic addition is the 0.001-0.01% of tank bottoms weight, pectase: the addition of pectase is the 0.002-0.05% of tank bottoms weight, protease: the addition of protease is the 0.002-0.02% of tank bottoms weight; The addition of cellulase is the 0.002-0.05% of tank bottoms weight; The form adding an enzymolysis liquid adds, and the ratio of various enzyme can oneself regulate;
(4) led to after enzymolysis liquid and started drum drive unit, drive rotary drum to carry out rotating filter, after filtering, active carbon is filtered to drum surface, when thickness to a certain extent after, removed with device for discharging;
(5) the fruit juice filtering acquisition carries out bar and kills, sterilization, joins unification in original fruit juice and carry out ultrafiltration and subsequent step after the enzyme that goes out;
(6) the cloth soil of active carbon and drum surface is together removed as solid refuse, or continues after regeneration to use.
The process of the test of the present embodiment and data analysis table
Interpretation of result:
1, this substandard cloth soil thickness 4cm, measures with soil: perlite 6kg (1.5 yuan/kg), thick native 20kg, fine earth 50kg (3.5 yuan/kg), cost accounting 254 yuan.
2, tank bottoms disposal ability: 206kg/h.m2 after cloth soil.
3, fruit juice flux: 157.5kg/h.m2 after cloth soil.
4, tank bottoms goes out juice pol 9 ° of BX, crushing juice rate 76.54%.
5, cross ultra-filtration flux 21.7kg/h.m2 for 16 DEG C, (50 DEG C, 1kg pressure normal fruit juice flux be 160kg/h.m2) flux is on the low side, analyzes relevant with juice temperature and complicated composition.
6, concentrating sample indices is normal.
This tank bottoms process for producing line amount of water significantly reduces, and evaporimeter production capacity increases relatively, and evaporimeter produced by pear juice increases effective production time 3 hours, and production capacity increases by 17.7 tons every day; Sweet potato juice produces evaporimeter increases effective production time 4 hours, and production capacity increases by 20 tons every day.Processor process tank substrate of the present invention compared with water treatment before, by detailed calculating, can save every day tank bottom reason general expenses: pear juice produce time 6143 yuan/day, sweet potato juice produce time 7293 yuan/day.

Claims (4)

1. an employing vacuum-type drum filter process ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method, is characterized in that: step is as follows:
(1) drum surface cloth soil: the rotary drum of vacuum-type drum filter is carried out rotary drum and carries out cloth soil, cloth soil thickness 4cm, with soil: perlite, thick soil, fine earth; Three kinds of soil cycling coating in order repeatedly from inside to outside;
(2) be placed in lautertuns after being diluted with water by filling substrate, start agitating device, tank bottoms is the insoluble solid comprising active carbon and fruit juice; Stir and open supersonic generator simultaneously, process 20-30 minute;
(3) pass into enzymolysis liquid, described enzymolysis liquid consists of: amylase, pectase, protease, cellulase, and its addition can regulate according to the content of insoluble solid in tank bottoms, continues to stir 0.5-1 hour after adding enzymolysis liquid;
(4) led to after enzymolysis liquid and started drum drive unit, drive rotary drum to carry out rotating filter, after filtering, active carbon is filtered to drum surface, when thickness to a certain extent after, removed with device for discharging;
(5) the fruit juice filtering acquisition carries out bar and kills, sterilization, joins unification in original fruit juice and carry out ultrafiltration and subsequent step after the enzyme that goes out;
(6) the cloth soil of active carbon and drum surface is together removed as solid refuse.
2. employing vacuum-type drum filter process ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: tank bottoms disposal ability: 206kg/h.m after described cloth soil 2, fruit juice flux: 157.5kg/h.m after cloth soil 2.
3. employing vacuum-type drum filter process ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be coated with fine earth, final coating layer thickness 4cm after described cloth soil 2.5-3cm.
4. employing vacuum-type drum filter process ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described enzymolysis liquid, the addition of various enzyme is: amylase: diastatic addition is the 0.001-0.01% of tank bottoms weight, pectase: the addition of pectase is the 0.002-0.05% of tank bottoms weight, protease: the addition of protease is the 0.002-0.02% of tank bottoms weight; The addition of cellulase is the 0.002-0.05% of tank bottoms weight.
CN201310481799.6A 2013-10-08 2013-10-15 A kind of process ultrafiltration tank bottoms Special vacuum rotary drum filter and ultrafiltration tank bottoms processing method Active CN103520979B (en)

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CN201310463811.0 2013-10-08
CN2013104638110 2013-10-08
CN201310463811 2013-10-08
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CN104174203B (en) * 2014-09-04 2016-02-17 南阳鑫子源石油石化技术装备有限公司 Rotary drum pressure mud machine
CN104192937B (en) * 2014-09-04 2016-04-27 南阳鑫子源石油石化技术装备有限公司 Mud-water separation rotary drum
CN109224625A (en) * 2017-07-10 2019-01-18 新特能源股份有限公司 For vacuum-type drum filter pre-filtering coating and its preparation process, processing production of polysilicon obtained in slurry technique

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US2378237A (en) * 1942-09-02 1945-06-12 Wingfoot Corp Method and apparatus for ultrasonic testing
US5785801A (en) * 1996-05-08 1998-07-28 Technimark, Inc. Apparatus for covering a textile dye tube
WO2005035096A1 (en) * 2003-10-13 2005-04-21 Larox Oyj Method and apparatus for cleaning of a filter plate
CN201082371Y (en) * 2007-08-20 2008-07-09 西玛(常州)通用设备有限公司 Drum vacuum filter
CN102755777A (en) * 2012-05-17 2012-10-31 南宁市甜蜜糖机设备分蜜机厂 Filter cloth-free vacuum suction filter capable of bidirectionally sucking juice

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2378237A (en) * 1942-09-02 1945-06-12 Wingfoot Corp Method and apparatus for ultrasonic testing
US5785801A (en) * 1996-05-08 1998-07-28 Technimark, Inc. Apparatus for covering a textile dye tube
WO2005035096A1 (en) * 2003-10-13 2005-04-21 Larox Oyj Method and apparatus for cleaning of a filter plate
CN201082371Y (en) * 2007-08-20 2008-07-09 西玛(常州)通用设备有限公司 Drum vacuum filter
CN102755777A (en) * 2012-05-17 2012-10-31 南宁市甜蜜糖机设备分蜜机厂 Filter cloth-free vacuum suction filter capable of bidirectionally sucking juice

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Inventor after: Zhang Jiming

Inventor after: Song Xinfei

Inventor after: Wang Ying

Inventor after: Wang Sixin

Inventor after: Leng Chuanzhu

Inventor after: Sun Yajun

Inventor after: Li Xihong

Inventor after: Li Yaoyao

Inventor after: Jiang Nan

Inventor after: Xu Ningzhou

Inventor after: Yang Yaxu

Inventor before: Wang Sixin

Inventor before: Leng Chuanzhu

Inventor before: Sun Yajun

Inventor before: Li Xihong

Inventor before: Li Yaoyao

Inventor before: Jiang Nan

Inventor before: Xu Ningzhou

Inventor before: Yang Yaxu

COR Change of bibliographic data
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Effective date of registration: 20160518

Address after: 100037 Beijing Fengtai District Branch Road No. 7 room 205

Patentee after: Guotouzhonglu Fruit Juice Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: Rushan Zhongcheng fruit juice beverage Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100037 Beijing Fengtai District Branch Road No. 7 room 205

Patentee before: Guotouzhonglu Fruit Juice Co., Ltd.

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Effective date of registration: 20180821

Address after: 100037 room 205, 7 Kexing Road, Fengtai District, Beijing.

Co-patentee after: Hebei Guo Zhong Lu fruit and vegetable juice Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: Guotouzhonglu Fruit Juice Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100037 room 205, 7 Kexing Road, Fengtai District, Beijing.

Co-patentee before: Rushan Zhongcheng fruit juice beverage Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Guotouzhonglu Fruit Juice Co., Ltd.

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