CN103518574B - Organic paddy rice implantation methods - Google Patents

Organic paddy rice implantation methods Download PDF

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CN103518574B
CN103518574B CN201310464290.0A CN201310464290A CN103518574B CN 103518574 B CN103518574 B CN 103518574B CN 201310464290 A CN201310464290 A CN 201310464290A CN 103518574 B CN103518574 B CN 103518574B
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rice
water
time
seedlings
worm
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CN103518574A (en
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袁元荣
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Suzhou water flooded agricultural science and Technology Co., Ltd.
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Jiangsu Yuanren Organic Rice Plantation Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of organic paddy rice implantation methods, specifically this Technology application natural law, the method for manual control, plantation organic paddy rice.1. cultivate rice shoot process in, employ ash, effect be prevented and treated rice shoot morbidity and play the effect of topdressing.Pour water and flood rice shoot, and utilize the effect of giant to be conditioning rice shoot, drowned insect, imitating rains in torrents overturns the insect swum on the water surface in water drowned.2. the disposable object using sufficient fertilizer prevents from again bringing germ to rice seedlings and preventing rice maturation too late, meets cold air, affect output, also because the fertility of fertilizer is permanent.3. rice seedlings are in process of growth, under the cooperation of duck, have employed and fill with the dynamic high water level of drainage, bubble does not have rice seedlings, and effect is: bubble goes rice seedlings can nurse one's health rice seedlings, drowned insect with the germ in rice field with it.Duck can remove rice slightly and float on the insect of the water surface, thus prevents the generation of the illness such as rice blast, banded sclerotial blight and insect pest.

Description

Organic paddy rice implantation methods
Technical field
The invention belongs to proportion of crop planting technical field, specifically, this technology is a kind of implantation methods of organic paddy rice of brand-new type.Especially outstanding is the process of having imitated paddy rice how natural treatment damage by disease and insect in the specific environment of the Nature, does not use any agricultural chemicals to comprise biopesticide and chemical fertilizer in its whole process.
Background technology
China is a large agricultural country, and the constantly soaring necessary output of the grain-production of China that makes of population is high, and product are of fine quality.In recent years, China was the threat that solution damage by disease and insect is planted for organic paddy rice, was proposed the implantation methods of multiple organic paddy rice, but all employ biopesticide and chemical pesticide in process of production, and yield poorly, of poor quality.This technology just in time solves the nearly all problem relating to organic Rice Cropping.
This project combines inventor finds paddy rice certain growth characteristics in the seventies in research process: paddy rice is in planting process, the natural calamity of violent storm can be run into unavoidably, the wind and rain of several days makes spate in succession, has flooded the rice seedlings being planted in low-lying place.But extremely odd do not had by water logging and the rice seedlings growing way of surviving is good especially.Output is also obviously high than other rice yield, and this has also absolutely proved that the suitable outlet capacity of paddy rice is very strong, and is a kind of water-based plant.Rice seedlings immersion in river (lake) water of flowing adds rainy, floods the regular hour, has significant effect to its growth and prevention and elimination of disease and pests.The output of paddy rice can not only be made to increase, more can allow paddy rice when without use any agricultural chemicals, prevent the erosion of damage by disease and insect.This technology has imitated the process that paddy rice grows under the specific environment of the Nature, combines the characteristic of fertilizer, the plantation flow process of a kind of brand-new organic paddy rice made.
Summary of the invention
The summary of the invention of this technology is: utilize paddy growth in specific environment, can natural treatment damage by disease and insect, combines the permanence of organic manure fertility.Use duck and the method for steeping and not having rice seedlings of pouring water, prevent and treat damage by disease and insect.Make paddy rice in process of growth, do not use any agricultural chemicals and chemical fertilizer, guarantee the paddy rice of producing high yield, stable yields and high-quality.
In the process of cultivating rice shoot, use ash, pour water and steep the method for rice shoot, the rainy anti-worm of curing the disease that combines of giant imitation, concrete: to treat that seedling growth is to when 4 ~ 6 centimetres, when the moistening and rice shoot in rice seedling bed does not have dew and rainwater, execute an ash, 15 ~ 20 kilograms every mu; When 8 ~ 10 days length of time rice seedlings grow, just can pour water until flood seedling slightly, the duration was 2 hours, and will accomplish that the row of filling wants F.F. to go out soon, in this process, gets the jump on rice shoot submergence after 1 hour, imitate and rain in torrents in the rainy day with water under high pressure; Within before shoot transplanting equipment 1 ~ 3 day, also need once to pour water and control worm, method is the same, in this process, without the need to executing ash again.
Between paddy growth to harvest time, the flood that have employed flowing soaks and floods in the specific time, carries out the extermination of disease and insect pest of rice seedlings under the cooperation of duck, concrete:
(1) prevention and control of weeds:: duck combines with manpower weeding: newly-hatched duckling transporting for 5 ~ 7 days before rice transplanting, within 8 ~ 12 days after rice transplanting, puts into rice field;
(2) control of sick worm:
First time administers disease worm: treat that seedling growth was by 20 ~ 25 days, will carry out anti-worm of curing the disease, and in the roasting field phase, need the previous day and pour water 4 ~ 6 centimetres, first allow rice seedlings adapt to; Bubble rice seedlings of pouring water for the first time need 24 hours, the height of water level is 80% of rice seedlings height, then large pump is turned off, change little pump working, draining is in proportion carried out while keeping water level, guarantee that the water flow in rice seedlings is discharged, this section of process lasts 18 ~ 20 hours, use large water pump again instead to pour water and flood seedling after a while, change little pump working, carry out draining in proportion while keeping height of water level, this process duration is 2 ~ 3 hours, for preventing tanning by the sun of the sun, drainage works is arranged at dusk or carries out evening;
Second time administers disease worm: specifically repeat first time according to the worm phase after 13 ~ 18 days and administer disease worm method and carry out second time and pour water, but rice seedlings soak time only needs 12 hours;
Third time administers disease worm: carry out when booting appears in indivedual rice shoot, time method is the same;
In above three processes, duck has coordinated the work of deinsectization, eats up the insect that seedling is slightly gone up and floated on the water surface;
Administer disease worm 4th time: carry out after rice seedlings all bloom knot fringe, height of water level of pouring water is 70% of rice seedlings, use little pump working instead, keep height of water level 6 ~ 8 hours, also need to carry out draining in proportion, this time process is without the need to flooding spike of rice, deinsectization under the cooperation of duck, and drainage works still needs to be arranged at dusk or evening.
If meet the invasion of large quantities of locust and rice fulgorid, can pour water and flood still immature spike of rice 12 hours.
The beneficial effect of this technology is:
1., between cultivation seeding stage, general organic paddy rice cultivation rice shoot all application of agricultural chemicals and prevents damage by disease and insect.This technology application of ash in the process of cultivating rice shoot, pours water and floods rice shoot and use giant to administer the damage by disease and insect of rice seedlings in the seedling phase.Make the more healthy of seedling growth, process is environmental protection more.
2. this technology is in this one side of manure use, have employed excreta or its substitute (chicken and duck excreta) of pig, has respected the principle of natural world to resource circulation utilization, more embodied the natural ecology of this technology.
3. this technology is in the process of growth of whole paddy rice, does not use any agricultural chemicals.Imitate the mode of paddy rice natural treatment damage by disease and insect in specific environment process of growth.Its whole planting process is made to respect the habit of paddy rice oneself growth completely.More can embody organic essence.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the figure executing the fertilizer every mu 2200 ~ 2800 kilograms fermented;
Fig. 2 is the figure in the rice field being just plugged seedling;
Fig. 3 is bubble rice seedlings of pouring water first time, and height of water level is the figure of 80% of rice seedlings;
Fig. 4 pours water to steep not have seedling figure slightly first time;
Fig. 5 steeps not have the picture of rice seedlings after five days first time;
Fig. 6 is bubble rice seedlings of pouring water for the second time, and height of water level is the picture of 80% of rice seedlings;
Fig. 7 pours water to steep not have seedling figure slightly for the second time;
Fig. 8 is the figure behind the 5th day after second time bubble rice seedlings;
Fig. 9 is bubble rice seedlings of pouring water third time, and height of water level is the figure of 80% of rice seedlings;
Figure 10 be third time bubble of pouring water do not have rice slightly to scheme;
Figure 11 pours water to steep not have the figure of rice seedlings after five days third time;
Figure 12 pours water to steep not have the figure of seedling slightly after 12 days third time;
Figure 13 is the figure of bubble rice seedlings after five days that pour water for the 4th time;
Figure 14 is the figure of the rice that in October, 2013 soon has a good harvest;
Figure 15, Figure 16 keep pouring water and draining of equal proportion, ensure the figure of the flowing of water and the height of water level.
Embodiment
The scheme of this technology is:
One, selection of land: according to general organic paddy rice standard-required selection of land.
Two, rice shoot is cultivated:
1. presoaking and germinating: first shine seed before sowing one day, then soaks 45 ~ 50 hours with the lime water of 1%.Then vernalization is carried out in requirement routinely.
2. sow: must ensure smooth, conveniently organic paddy rice is sowed seedling, and every mu with 1100 kilograms, the organic manure excreta of the pig (and by fermentation).
3. the control of disease pest and weed: adopt bubble of pouring water not have rice shoot to carry out anti-cure the disease worm, artificial weeding in conjunction with ash.The concrete seedling that waits is when growing to 4 ~ 6 centimetres, when the moistening and rice shoot in rice seedling bed does not have dew and rainwater, executes an ash, 15 ~ 20 kilograms every mu.When 8 ~ 10 days length of time rice seedlings grow, just can pour water until flood seedling slightly.Duration is 2 hours, and will accomplish that the F.F. of the row of filling goes out soon.In this process, get the jump on rice shoot submergence after 1 hour with water under high pressure, imitate and rain in torrents in the rainy day.Within before shoot transplanting equipment 1 ~ 3 day, also need once to pour water and control worm, method is the same.In this process, without the need to executing ash again.
Three, rice seedlings are planted:
1. preparation: smooth 10 mu of paddy rice fields are set to a unit, first the ridge of these 10 mu of Around Paddy Fields are increased to 70 to 90 centimetres.Ensure firm water-tight.Set up independent irrigation and drainage system with functions in addition, water pump requires size two (power of little water pump is 1/3rd of large water pump) work 3 ~ 4 hours, and water irrigating depth reaches 20 centimetres.Drainage system is built inside and outside field.
2. apply fertilizer, plow, brush ground: before plantation rice seedlings, within 15 ~ 25 days, complete disposablely applying fertilizer (dry pork chop let out and fermented), its quantity number concrete and determine according to fertility original in rice field, 2200 ~ 2800 kilograms every mu, do not topdress in rice seedlings growth midway, point to sprinkle even.Then plow and these organic manure are ploughed under in earth.Shine ground 10 ~ 15 days.Carry out again making fertilizer and soil mix with brushing.
Four, plough, rice transplanting: behind arable land, allow mud sediment.Rice transplanting again in second day.Spacing in the rows, line-spacing are consistent with common rice.
Five, the management of water consumpation: consistent with the management of common rice, after rice seedlings growth is normal, early stage requires that the later stage of drying ensures certain humidity.
Six, the control of damage by disease and insect:
1. crop smothering: duck combines with manpower weeding.Newly-hatched duckling transporting for 5 ~ 7 days before rice transplanting, puts into rice field in 8 ~ 12 days after rice transplanting.
2. the control of sick worm: treat that seedling growth was by 20 ~ 25 days, will carry out anti-worm of curing the disease.As in the roasting field phase, need the previous day and pour water 4 ~ 6 centimetres, first allow rice seedlings adapt to.Bubble rice seedlings of pouring water for the first time need 24 hours.The height of water level is 80% of rice seedlings height.Then turn off large pump, change little pump working, while keeping water level, carry out draining in proportion, guarantee that the water flow in rice seedlings is discharged.This section of process lasts 18 ~ 20 hours.Use large water pump again instead to pour water and flood seedling after a while, change little pump working.Draining is in proportion carried out while keeping height of water level.This process duration is 2 ~ 3 hours.For preventing tanning by the sun of the sun, drainage works is arranged at dusk or carries out evening.
Second time administers disease worm: specifically repeat above-mentioned method according to the worm phase after 13 ~ 18 days and carry out second time and pour water.But rice seedlings soak time only needs 12 hours.
Third time administers disease worm: carry out when booting appears in indivedual rice shoot, time method is the same.
In above three processes, duck has coordinated the work of deinsectization, eats up the insect that seedling is slightly gone up and floated on the water surface.
Administer disease worm 4th time: carry out after rice seedlings all bloom knot fringe, height of water level of pouring water is 70% of rice seedlings.Use little pump working instead, keep height of water level 6 ~ 8 hours.Also need to carry out draining in proportion, this time process is without the need to flooding spike of rice, deinsectization under the cooperation of duck, and drainage works still needs to be arranged at dusk or evening.
If meet special natural calamity, as the invasion of large quantities of locust and rice fulgorid, prove according to the habit of paddy rice and experiment, can pour water and flood still immature spike of rice 12 hours.

Claims (3)

1. organic paddy rice implantation methods, it is characterized in that: in the process of cultivating rice shoot, use ash, pour water and steep the method for rice shoot, the rainy anti-worm of curing the disease that combines of giant imitation, concrete: to treat that seedling growth is to when 4 ~ 6 centimetres, when the moistening and rice shoot in rice seedling bed does not have dew and rainwater, execute an ash, 15 ~ 20 kilograms every mu; When 8 ~ 10 days length of time rice seedlings grow, just can pour water until flood seedling slightly, the duration was 2 hours, and will accomplish that the row of filling wants F.F. to go out soon, in this process, gets the jump on rice shoot submergence after 1 hour, imitate and rain in torrents in the rainy day with water under high pressure; Within before shoot transplanting equipment 1 ~ 3 day, also need once to pour water and control worm, method is the same, in this process, without the need to executing ash again.
2. organic paddy rice implantation methods, is characterized in that: between paddy growth to harvest time, and the flood that have employed flowing soaks and floods in the specific time, carries out the extermination of disease and insect pest of rice seedlings under the cooperation of duck, concrete:
(1) prevention and control of weeds: duck combines with manpower weeding: newly-hatched duckling transporting for 5 ~ 7 days before rice transplanting, puts into rice field in 8 ~ 12 days after rice transplanting;
(2) control of sick worm:
First time administers disease worm: treat that seedling growth was by 20 ~ 25 days, will carry out anti-worm of curing the disease, and in the roasting field phase, need the previous day and pour water 4 ~ 6 centimetres, first allow rice seedlings adapt to; Bubble rice seedlings of pouring water for the first time need 24 hours, the height of water level is 80% of rice seedlings height, then large pump is turned off, change little pump working, draining is in proportion carried out while keeping water level, guarantee that the water flow in rice seedlings is discharged, this section of process lasts 18 ~ 20 hours, use large water pump again instead to pour water and flood seedling after a while, change little pump working, carry out draining in proportion while keeping height of water level, this process duration is 2 ~ 3 hours, for preventing tanning by the sun of the sun, drainage works is arranged at dusk or carries out evening;
Second time administers disease worm: specifically repeat first time according to the worm phase after 13 ~ 18 days and administer disease worm method and carry out second time and pour water, but rice seedlings soak time only needs 12 hours;
Third time administers disease worm: carry out when booting appears in indivedual rice shoot, time method is the same;
In above three processes, duck has coordinated the work of deinsectization, eats up the insect that seedling is slightly gone up and floated on the water surface;
Administer disease worm 4th time: carry out after rice seedlings all bloom knot fringe, height of water level of pouring water is 70% of rice seedlings, use little pump working instead, keep height of water level 6 ~ 8 hours, also need to carry out draining in proportion, this time process is without the need to flooding spike of rice, deinsectization under the cooperation of duck, and drainage works still needs to be arranged at dusk or evening.
3. organic paddy rice implantation methods according to claim 2, is characterized in that: if meet the invasion of large quantities of locust and rice fulgorid, pours water and floods still immature spike of rice 12 hours.
CN201310464290.0A 2013-10-09 2013-10-09 Organic paddy rice implantation methods Active CN103518574B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104044A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 广西协吉农业发展有限责任公司 Planting method for organic rice in mountainous area
CN105594523A (en) * 2016-01-09 2016-05-25 汪震坤 Harmless physical pest treatment method
CN105684803B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-09-10 江苏猿人有机水稻种植有限公司 Crop smothering preventing control method in organic paddy rice planting process
CN106718441A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 湖北卧龙湾农业科技发展有限公司 Rice high efficient water-saving ecological deinsectization method under a kind of terraced fields pattern
CN107960290A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-04-27 苏州水淹禾康农业科技有限公司 The implantation methods of mud scum rice
CN108566853A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-09-25 浙江清溪鳖业股份有限公司 A kind of Single Late Rice planthopper physical control method
CN111386991A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-07-10 苏州水淹禾康农业科技有限公司 Production method for improving yield of high-yield organic planting of flooded rice

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Patentee before: JIANGSU YUANREN ORGANIC RICE PLANTATION CO., LTD.