CN103518574A - Novel organic rice planting method - Google Patents

Novel organic rice planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103518574A
CN103518574A CN201310464290.0A CN201310464290A CN103518574A CN 103518574 A CN103518574 A CN 103518574A CN 201310464290 A CN201310464290 A CN 201310464290A CN 103518574 A CN103518574 A CN 103518574A
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rice
water
seedlings
rice seedlings
growth
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CN201310464290.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103518574B (en
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袁元荣
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吴江市元荣金属材料有限公司
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of crop planting, and particularly relates to a novel organic rice planting method, wherein a method of the laws of nature and manual control is applied to planting of rice. The method includes the steps that firstly, in a rice seedling cultivation process, plant ash is utilized to prevent disease developing of rice seedlings and plays a role in top application, water is irrigated to submerge the rice seedlings, and a high-pressure water gun is used for conditioning the rice seedlings, drowning insects and simulating a rainstorm to knock over insets floating on the water surface into water to be drowned; secondly, sufficient organic fertilizer is applied at one time to prevent from bringing germs to the rice seedlings once again and to prevent rice from maturing too late to influence the yield due to the rice encounters cold air, and fertility of the organic fertilizer is long; thirdly, in the growth process of the rice seedlings, under matching of ducks, high water levels with flowing irrigation and drainage is adopted to soak and drown the rice seedlings and have the effects of soaking away germs on the rice seedlings and in rice fields and being capable of conditioning the rice seedlings and drowning the insects, the ducks can remove rice bits and the insects floating on the water surface, and therefore generation of the diseases of rice blast, banded sclerotial blight and insect attacks is prevented.

Description

Novel organic paddy rice implantation methods
Technical field:
The invention belongs to proportion of crop planting technical field, particularly, present technique is a kind of implantation methods of organic paddy rice of brand-new type.Especially outstanding is to have imitated paddy rice process of natural treatment damage by disease and insect how in the specific environment of the Nature, in its whole process, does not use any agricultural chemicals to comprise biopesticide and chemical fertilizer.
Background technology:
China Shi Yige large agricultural country, the constantly soaring necessary output of grain-production of China that makes of population is high, and product are of fine quality.In recent years, China, for solving damage by disease and insect for the threat of organic paddy rice plantation, had released the implantation methods of multiple organic paddy rice, but had all used in process of production biopesticide and chemical pesticide, and yielded poorly, of poor quality.Present technique has just in time solved the nearly all problem that relates to organic Rice Cropping.
This project combines inventor and in the seventies, finds certain growth characteristics of paddy rice in research process: paddy rice is in planting process, can run into the natural calamity of violent storm unavoidably, the wind and rain of several days makes spate in succession, has flooded the rice seedlings that are planted in low-lying place.Yet the extremely odd rice seedlings growing way that was not had by water logging and survived is good especially.Output is also obviously high than other rice yield, and this suitable outlet capacity that has also absolutely proved paddy rice is very strong, and is a kind of water-based plant.Rice seedlings soak and add rainyly in the water of mobile river (lake), flood the regular hour, and its growth and prevention and elimination of disease and pests are had to significant effect.Can not only make the output of paddy rice increase, more can allow paddy rice without any agricultural chemicals of use in the situation that, prevent the erosion of damage by disease and insect.Present technique is to have imitated the process that paddy rice grows under the specific environment of the Nature.Combine the characteristic of fertilizer, the plantation flow process of a kind of brand-new organic paddy rice of making.
Summary of the invention:
The summary of the invention of present technique is: utilize paddy growth in specific environment, can natural treatment damage by disease and insect, combine the permanence of organic manure fertility.Use duck and pour water and steep the method that does not have rice seedlings, having prevented and treated damage by disease and insect.Make paddy rice in process of growth, do not use any agricultural chemicals and chemical fertilizer, guarantee to produce the paddy rice of high yield, stable yields and high-quality.
The beneficial effect of present technique is:
1. cultivating between seeding stage, general organic paddy rice cultivation rice shoot has all been used agricultural chemicals and has been prevented damage by disease and insect.Present technique has been used vegetation in the process of cultivating rice shoot, pours water and floods rice shoot and use giant to administer the damage by disease and insect of rice seedlings in the seedling phase.Make the more healthy of seedling growth, process is environmental protection more.
2. present technique, in this one side of manure use, has adopted excreta or its substitute (chicken and duck excreta) of pig, has respected the principle of natural world to resource circulation utilization, has more embodied the natural ecology of present technique.
3. present technique, in the process of growth of whole paddy rice, is not used any agricultural chemicals.Imitated the mode of paddy rice natural treatment damage by disease and insect in specific environment process of growth.Make its whole planting process respect the habit of paddy rice oneself growth completely.More can embody organic essence.
Specific embodiments:
The scheme of present technique is:
One selection of land
According to general organic paddy rice standard-required selection of land.
Two cultivate rice shoot
1. presoaking and germinating
Before sowing, first shine seed one day, then with 1% lime water, soak 45~50 hours.Then vernalization is carried out in requirement routinely.
2. sowing
Seedling ground must guarantee smooth, and according to conventional organic paddy rice sowing, every mu with 1100 kilograms, organic manure (excreta of pig and by fermentation).
3. the control of disease pest and weed
The employing bubble of pouring water does not have rice shoot in conjunction with ash prevent curing the disease worm, artificial weeding.Concrete when waiting seedling just growing to 4~6 centimetres, the in the situation that moistening and rice shoot not having dew and rainwater in rice seedling bed, execute ash one time, 15~20 kilograms every mu.When 8~10 days length of time rice seedlings grow, just can pour water until flood seedling slightly.Duration is 2 hours, and will accomplish that the F.F. of the row of filling goes out soon.In this process, with water under high pressure, get the jump on rice shoot submergence after 1 hour, imitate and rain in torrents in the rainy day.Shoot transplanting equipment also needs once to pour water and controls worm for first 1~3 day, and method is the same.In this process, without executing again ash.
Plant rice seedlings for three kinds
1. preparation
Now 10 mu of smooth paddy rice fields are made as to a unit, first the ridge of these 10 mu of Around Paddy Fields are increased to 70 to 90 centimetres.Guarantee firm water-tight.Set up in addition independent irrigation and drainage system with functions, water pump requires two of sizes (power of little water pump be large water pump 1/3rd) to work 3~4 hours, and water irrigating depth reaches 20 centimetres.Inside and outside field, build drainage system.
2. fertilizing plough scrubbing brush ground
At the disposable fertilizer (dry pork chop let out and fermented) that applies of completing for first 15~25 days of plantation rice seedlings, its quantity number according to original fertility in rice field, specifically determine, 2200~2800 kilograms every mu, at rice seedlings, grow and do not topdress midway, divide sprinkle even.Then plow these organic manure are ploughed under in earth.Shine ground 10~15 days.Brush again fertilizer and soil are mixed.
Four plough, rice transplanting
Behind arable land, allow mud sediment.Second day is rice transplanting again.Spacing in the rows, line-spacing are consistent with common rice.
The management of five field moisture
Consistent with the management of common rice, after rice seedlings growth is normal, require the later stage of drying to guarantee certain humidity early stage.
The control of six damage by disease and insect
1. crop smothering
The duck weeding that combines with manpower.Newly-hatched duckling transporting for 5~7 days before rice transplanting, puts into rice field for 8~12 days after rice transplanting.At this
2. the control of sick worm
Treat seedling growth to 20~25 day, will carry out the anti-worm of curing the disease.As in the roasting field phase, need the previous day and pour water 4~6 centimetres, first allow rice seedlings adapt to.The bubble rice seedlings of pouring water for the first time need 24 hours.The height of water level is 80% of rice seedlings height.Then turn off large pump, change little pump working, when keeping water level, carry out draining in proportion, guarantee that the water flow in rice seedlings is discharged.This section of process continues 18~20 hours.Use again large water pump instead and pour water and flood seedling after a while, change little pump working.When keeping height of water level, carry out draining in proportion.This process duration is 2~3 hours.For preventing tanning by the sun of the sun, drainage works is arranged at dusk or carries out evening.
Administer for the second time disease worm: after 13~18 days, specifically according to the worm phase, repeat above-mentioned method and pour water for the second time.But rice seedlings soak time only needs 12 hours.
Administer for the third time disease worm: when booting appears in indivedual rice shoots, carry out, time method is the same.
In above three processes, duck has coordinated the work of deinsectization, eats up the insect that the water surface was slightly gone up and floated on to seedling.
Administer disease worm the 4th time: at the rice seedlings knot of all blooming, carry out after fringe, the height of water level of pouring water is rice seedlings 70%.Use little pump working instead, keep height of water level 6~8 hours.Also need to carry out draining in proportion, this time process is without flooding spike of rice, deinsectization under the cooperation of duck, and drainage works still needs to be arranged at dusk or evening.
If meet special natural calamity, as the invasion of large quantities of locusts and rice fulgorid, according to the habit of paddy rice and experiment showed,, can pour water and flood still immature spike of rice 12 hours.
accompanying drawing explanation:
Fig. 1 is the figure that executes 2200~2800 kilograms every mu of the fertilizers that fermented
Fig. 2 is the figure that has just been plugged the rice field of seedling
Fig. 3 is the bubble rice seedlings of pouring water for the first time, height of water level is rice seedlings 80% figure.
Fig. 4 pours water to steep not have seedling figure slightly for the first time
Fig. 5 steeps not have the picture of rice seedlings after five days for the first time
Fig. 6 is the bubble rice seedlings of pouring water for the second time, height of water level is rice seedlings 80% picture.
Fig. 7 pours water to steep not have seedling figure slightly for the second time.
Fig. 8 is the figure after the 5th day that steeps for the second time after rice seedlings.
Fig. 9 is the bubble rice seedlings of pouring water for the third time, height of water level is rice seedlings 80% figure.
Figure 10 pours water to steep not have rice slightly to scheme for the third time.
Figure 11 pours water to steep not have the figure of rice seedlings after five days for the third time.
Figure 12 pours water to steep not have the slightly figure after 12 days of seedling for the third time.
Figure 13 is the figure of bubble rice seedlings after five days that pour water for the 4th time.
Figure 14 is the figure of the rice of soon having a good harvest in October, 2013.
Figure 15 and 16 keeps with the pouring water and draining of equal proportion, guarantees the figure flowing with the height of water level of water.

Claims (4)

1. this is a kind of implantation methods of novel organic paddy rice.Imitated the mode of paddy rice natural treatment damage by disease and insect in specific environment process of growth.Make its whole growth process of riceplant accomplish not use completely any agricultural chemicals and chemical fertilizer.
2. the implantation methods of telling according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in cultivating the process of rice shoot, use ash, pour water and steep the method for rice shoot, the rainy anti-worm of curing the disease that combines of giant imitation.
3. implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: at paddy growth between harvest time, adopted mobile flood soak and flood in the specific time, carried out the extermination of disease and insect pest of rice seedlings under the cooperation of duck, the growth for rice seedlings simultaneously has certain facilitation.
4. implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the disposable fertilizer that uses sufficient before rice transplanting, and its moderate need not be topdressed again, in case again bring germ to rice seedlings, prevent rice maturation too late simultaneously.
CN201310464290.0A 2013-10-09 2013-10-09 Organic paddy rice implantation methods Active CN103518574B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104044A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 广西协吉农业发展有限责任公司 Planting method for organic rice in mountainous area
CN105594523A (en) * 2016-01-09 2016-05-25 汪震坤 Harmless physical pest treatment method
CN106718441A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 湖北卧龙湾农业科技发展有限公司 Rice high efficient water-saving ecological deinsectization method under a kind of terraced fields pattern
CN108566853A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-09-25 浙江清溪鳖业股份有限公司 A kind of Single Late Rice planthopper physical control method
CN105684803B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-09-10 江苏猿人有机水稻种植有限公司 Crop smothering preventing control method in organic paddy rice planting process

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CN1449654A (en) * 2002-04-11 2003-10-22 钜农企业有限公司 Method for co-cultivating duck and paddy-rice
CN1926951A (en) * 2006-09-28 2007-03-14 蒋祖明 Novel method for planting organic rice by utilizing duck group

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104044A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 广西协吉农业发展有限责任公司 Planting method for organic rice in mountainous area
CN105594523A (en) * 2016-01-09 2016-05-25 汪震坤 Harmless physical pest treatment method
CN105684803B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-09-10 江苏猿人有机水稻种植有限公司 Crop smothering preventing control method in organic paddy rice planting process
CN106718441A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 湖北卧龙湾农业科技发展有限公司 Rice high efficient water-saving ecological deinsectization method under a kind of terraced fields pattern
CN108566853A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-09-25 浙江清溪鳖业股份有限公司 A kind of Single Late Rice planthopper physical control method

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Effective date of registration: 20150727

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Address after: 215200 558 FENHU Road, Wujiang District, Suzhou, Jiangsu

Patentee after: Suzhou water flooded agricultural science and Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 226561 Thirteen Groups of Xingxia Community in Mojing Town, Rugao City, Nantong City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: JIANGSU YUANREN ORGANIC RICE PLANTATION CO., LTD.