CN103516742B - Drive control method for the server and - Google Patents

Drive control method for the server and Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103516742B
CN103516742B CN201210209831.0A CN201210209831A CN103516742B CN 103516742 B CN103516742 B CN 103516742B CN 201210209831 A CN201210209831 A CN 201210209831A CN 103516742 B CN103516742 B CN 103516742B
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host
ip address
server
cloud server
cloud
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CN201210209831.0A
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CN103516742A (en
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黄文铭
宣拔
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和沛科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种云端服务器及其管控方法,是用来管控云端的主机的IP地址、主机名称和网络拓朴对应与任务同步化。 The present invention discloses a control method and a server cloud, the cloud is used to control a host's IP address, host name and network topology corresponding to the task synchronization. 云端服务器是于一主机要进行一系统启动与安装程序时,分配一临时IP地址给主机以进行系统启动与安装程序。 When the cloud server is a host on a system to be installed and start the program, a temporary IP address assigned to the host system to start the installation program. 并且,于主机的系统启动与安装程序达一定阶段时,接收主机提出的一DNS询问指令,并以一DNS答复将对应的一主机名称及一指定IP地址回复给主机。 And, up to a certain stage when the host system to start with the installation program, the host receives a DNS query command raised, and to reply to a DNS host name corresponding to a specified IP address and a reply to the host.

Description

云端服务器及其管控方法 Drive control method for the server and

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明有关于云端服务器的管控方法,且尤其有关于用来管控云端主机的主机名称与IP地址,以令多台主机可以实现自动且同步的系统安装、启动及布署动作的管控方法。 There are control methods on a cloud server [0001] of the present invention, and particularly the host names and IP addresses on to control the cloud host to make multiple hosts can automatically and synchronized system installation, start-up and deployment operation control method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 近来,云端运算的概念迅速发展,也带动了云端产业的兴盛。 [0002] Recently, the rapid development of the concept of cloud computing, also contributed to the rise of the cloud industry. 一般来说,云端运算是在云端机房中设置为数众多的实体主机及/或虚拟主机,这些主机分别通过网络交换机来连接网络,以为使用者提供云端运算的服务。 Generally speaking, cloud computing are provided in the cloud numerous physical host machine room and / or virtual hosts that are connected to the network via a network switch to provide the user of the cloud computing services.

[0003] -个云端机房中的云端主机,可能有数百台、数千台、甚至数万台,其中同时包括了实体主机(Physical Machine,PM)及虚拟主机(Virtual Machine,VM),因此在一开始的系统安装及布署(deploy)上实相当麻烦,若管理人员逐台对主机进行安装及布署,实需耗费相当可观的时间成本,并且可能因为数量太多而产生不必要的人为疏失。 [0003] - a cloud host a cloud in the room, there may be hundreds, thousands, even tens of thousands, which includes both the physical host (Physical Machine, PM) and virtual hosting (Virtual Machine, VM), and therefore real quite troublesome in the beginning of the installation and deployment system (Deploy), if the manager of the host station by the installation and deployment, real need to spend considerable time cost, and probably because too numerous unnecessary human error.

[0004] 为解决如上所述的问题,即有人提出了各式各样的自动化安装方法,主要于云端机房中增设至少一台的开机服务器,该开机服务器中储存有这些主机安装及布署所需的各种数据,例如作业系统、应用程序等文件。 [0004] In order to solve the above problems, that is, it was suggested that a wide variety of automated installation methods, mainly the addition of at least one boot server in the cloud room, which is stored in the boot server hosts the installation and deployment various kinds of data required, for example, operating system files, application programs and the like. 当一空白的主机连接上网络交换机并且开机后, 即可自动通过该开机服务器来执行自动化安装,不需管理人员来手动执行。 When a blank hosts connected to the network and the power switch can be performed automatically by the automated installation boot server, management does not need to be performed manually.

[0005] 然而,现行的开机服务器只能对所述多个主机进行单一的安装及布署动作,也就是说,只负责将作业系统、应用程序等文件安装到这些主机的中,并且加以设定,无法针对各主机日后将担任的角色,进行不同的安装。 [0005] However, the current boot server can only host of the plurality of single installation and deployment of the action, that is, is only responsible for the installation of the operating system, applications and other documents to these hosts, and to be set up given, not for each role in the future will serve as the host, a different installation. 是以,当这些主机的安装程序进行到网络安装步骤时,仍然需要管理人员手动查询这些主机被分配的主机名称及IP地址,并且依据查询结果,手动对这些主机进行网络的安装设定,并手动抄录所述多个主机的媒体存取控制(Media Access Control,MAC)地址。 Therefore, when the host program to install the network installation steps still need to manually manage these hosts are assigned to query the host name and IP address, and the installation of the network settings on the host based on these results, the manual, and manual transcription of said plurality of host MAC (media access control, MAC) address. 由此,才能明确记录云端机房中各主机的主机名称、IP 地址及MAC地址的对应关系,以方便日后的管理维护。 Thus, in order to clear room in the record correspondence between the cloud host names of the hosts, IP address and MAC address, to facilitate future management and maintenance.

[0006] 如上所述,现行对于云端主机的自动化安装方法实不完善,对管理人员来说仍不方便。 [0006] As noted above, the existing automated installation method for real cloud host is imperfect, it is still not easy for managers. 是以,市场上实需要一种新颖的技术,能在主机的安装及布署过程中,直接查询自身的主机名称及IP地址,并且加以设定安装,以免除管理人员的人工介入。 Therefore, the real need for a novel technology on the market, to the installation and deployment process host, direct access to its own host name and IP address, and set to be installed, in order to relieve human intervention managers.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明的主要目的,在于提供一种管控主机名称及IP地址的云端服务器,及云端服务器的管控方法,可有效分配并管控云端机房中的主机的主机名称与IP地址,并令云端机房中的主机的系统安装、启动、布署、及其他相关任务的执行可以达到自动化与同步化。 [0007] The main object of the present invention is to provide a cloud server for control host name and IP address, and control method of a cloud server can be effectively distributed and control the host name and IP address of a host Drive machine room, and so the cloud room of host systems installation, startup, execute deployment, and other related tasks can achieve automation and synchronization.

[0008] 为达上述目的,本发明的云端服务器于一主机要进行一系统启动与安装程序时, 分配一临时IP地址给主机以进行系统启动与安装程序。 When [0008] To achieve the above object, the present invention is in the cloud server to a host and performing a system boot program installation, a temporary IP address assigned to the host system to start with the installation program. 并且,于主机的系统启动与安装程序达一定阶段时,接收主机提出的一DNS询问指令,再以一DNS答复将对应的一主机名称及一指定IP地址回复给主机。 And, up to a certain stage when the host system to start with the installation program, the host receives a DNS query command submitted, and then reply to a DNS host name corresponding to a specified IP address and a reply to the host.

[0009] 本发明对照先前技术所能达成的功效在于,可由本发明的云端服务器来负责管控整个云端机房中的所有主机的主机名称及IP地址,并且由云端服务器来提供所述多个主机名称及IP地址的查询服务。 [0009] Control effect of the present invention can be achieved in that prior art, the present invention is a server cloud can be responsible for the overall control of Drive room name of all hosts and host IP address and host name is provided by a plurality of the cloud server and tracking IP addresses. 各主机于执行各项程序的过程中,当需要进行主机名称及网络的设定时,可依据DNS方法来询问云端服务器,并且依据云端服务器回复的DNS答复来得到自身的主机名称及IP地址。 Each host in the process of implementation of the program, when you need to set the host name and the network can be based on DNS method to interrogate cloud server, and to get its own host name and IP address of the DNS server replies with the cloud based on the reply.

[0010]如上所述,通过本发明,只要云端系统的管理者依据云端机房的拓扑架构(topology)以及IP地址范围对云端服务器进行设定,设定完成的云端服务器就可自动对云端机房中所有主机进行主机名称与IP地址的设定及分配。 [0010] As described above, as long as the cloud system manager according to the present invention by the cloud room topologies (Topology) and the IP address range of the cloud server settings, the setting can be done automatically on clouds cloud server machine room All hosts set and assign a host name and IP address. 并且该云端服务器可于各主机提出询问时,回复对应的主机名称与IP地址,以利系统安装的自动化。 And when the cloud server may ask questions to each host, the host name corresponding to the reply IP address, to facilitate automated installation of the system. 由此可降低管理者对主机进行系统设定的负担。 Whereby reducing the burden on the host system administrator settings.

[0011] 再者,各主机的系统启动与安装程序执行到一定程度时,会先暂时被锁着,并等待该云端服务器完成指定IP地址的分配。 [0011] In addition, each host system and start the installation program when it reaches a certain extent, will temporarily be locked, and wait for the cloud server to complete the assigned specified IP addresses. 并且,该云端服务器可累计被锁着的主机至一定数量,或设定一个期限,待累计数量达一门限值,或是等待逾时时,再允许一定数量的主机继续执行接续的步骤。 Further, the cloud server may be accumulated to a certain number of hosts locked, or a time limit is set to be a cumulative value of the number of, or more than always waiting, and then allow the host to proceed to a certain number of successive steps. 如此一来,可同步各主机的系统启动与安装程序,有效降低自动安装的失败率,并降低同时对开机服务器存取的主机的数量。 Thus, each host system can be synchronized to start with the installation program, reduce the failure rate of automatic installation, and reduces the number of simultaneously accessing the host server is switched.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图1为本发明的第一具体实施例的系统架构图。 The system architecture of the embodiment of FIG. [0012] FIG. 1 a first embodiment of the present invention specifically.

[0013] 图2为本发明的第二具体实施例的系统架构图。 System Architecture FIG second specific embodiment [0013] FIG. 2 embodiment of the present invention.

[0014] 图3为本发明的第一具体实施例的流程图。 DETAILED flowchart first [0014] embodiment of the present invention. FIG.

[0015] 图4为本发明的第二具体实施例的流程图。 DETAILED flowchart of a second [0015] embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4.

[0016] 图5为本发明的第三具体实施例的系统架构图。 The system architecture of the embodiment of FIG. [0016] FIG. 5 a third specific embodiment of the present invention.

[0017]图6为本发明的第三具体实施例的流程图。 DETAILED flowchart of a third [0017] embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6.

[0018]图7为本发明的第一具体实施例的云端服务器架构图。 Cloud server architecture diagram of a first embodiment [0018] FIG. 7 of the present invention.

[0019] 图8为本发明的第四具体实施例的系统架构图。 The system architecture of a fourth specific embodiment of FIG. [0019] FIG. 8 of the present invention.

[0020] 图9为本发明的第五具体实施例的系统架构图。 System Architecture FIG fifth specific embodiment of the [0020] embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9.

[0021]图10为本发明的第六具体实施例的系统架构图。 System Architecture FIG sixth specific embodiment [0021] FIG. 10 of the present invention.

[0022]图11为本发明的第一具体实施例的⑶NS服务器架构示意图。 ⑶NS server architecture diagram of a first specific embodiment [0022] FIG. 11 of the present invention.

[0023] 其中,附图标记说明如下: [0023] wherein reference numerals as follows:

[0024] 1、11、12:云端服务器 [0024] 1,11,12: cloud servers

[0025] 10:映像数据库 [0025] 10: image database

[0026] 100:对应表 [0026] 100: correspondence table

[0027] 101:接收模块 [0027] 101: a receiving module

[0028] 102: IP地址处理模块 [0028] 102: IP address of the processing module

[0029] 103 :信息提供模块[0030] 104:注册模块 [0029] 103: information providing module [0030] 104: Register module

[0031] 105:DNS 处理模块 [0031] 105: DNS processing module

[0032] 1〇6:储存模块 [0032] 1〇6: a storage module

[0033] 1061:设定档 [0033] 1061: Profile

[0034] 107:对应表存取模块 [0034] 107: correspondence table access module

[0035] 2:主网络交换机 [0035] 2: primary network switch

[0036] 3、31、32:开机服务器 [0036] 3,31,32: boot server

[0037] 4:第一子网络系统 [0037] 4: a first sub-network system

[0038] 41:第一子网络交换机 [0038] 41: a first sub-network switch

[0039] 410:程序 [0039] 410: Program

[0040] 42:第一主机[0041 ] 5:第二子网络系统 [0040] 42: the first host [0041] 5: a second sub-network system

[0042] 51:第二子网络交换机 [0042] 51: second sub-network switch

[0043] 510:程序 [0043] 510: Program

[0044] 52:第二主机 [0044] 52: the second host

[0045] 6: DHCP服务器 [0045] 6: DHCP server

[0046] S10~S20、S22~S30:步骤 [0046] S10 ~ S20, S22 ~ S30: step

[0047] S40~S66:步骤 [0047] S40 ~ S66: step

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0048]兹就本发明的一较佳实施例,配合图式,详细说明如后。 [0048] hereby to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, with figures, as will be described in detail.

[0049] 首请同时参阅图1与图2,分别为本发明的第一较佳具体实施例与第二较佳具体实施例的系统架构图。 [0049] First Please also refer to FIG. 1 and 2, a system architecture diagram of a second preferred embodiment of a first specific example of particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention respectively. 图中所示者,为云端机房中的系统架构,主要包括本发明的一云端领域名称服务(Cloud Domain Name Service,CDNS)服务器1(下面将于说明书内文中简称为该云端服务器1)、一主网络交换机(main switch)2、一开机服务器(boot server)3、及多个子网络(subnet)系统4、5。 Are shown in the drawings, is a machine room Drive system architecture, including a name of the service cloud art of the present invention (Cloud Domain Name Service, CDNS) server 1 (hereinafter, the description will be referred to herein for the cloud server 1), a primary network switch (main switch) 2, a boot server (boot server) 3, and a plurality of sub-networks (Subnet) system 4,5. 本实施例中,该多个子网络系统4、5通过该主网络交换机2与该云端服务器1及该开机服务器3连接,并且数量以二为例,但不加以限定。 In this embodiment, the plurality of sub-networks 1 and 4, the cloud server 3 are connected by the power of the main server network switch 2, and the number to two as an example, but not be limited thereto.

[0050] 本实施例中,可将每一个子网络系统4、5视为一个机柜(Rack),因此每一个云端机房中,实可具有数量相当庞大的子网络系统。 [0050] In this embodiment, each sub-network system can be considered as a cabinet 4,5 (Rack), so that each room in a cloud, a solid may have a very large number of sub-networks. 该第一子网络系统4主要具有一个第一子网络交换机41,该第一子网络交换机41上具有多个连接端口,用以连接多台第一主机42(称为云端的主机(Cloud Host))。 The first sub-network system 4 having a main switch 41 a first sub-network, the first sub-network switch having a plurality of connection ports 41 for connecting a plurality of hosts 42 a first host (Cloud Host (referred to as the cloud) ). 其中,所述多个主机主要可为实体主机(Physical Machine,PM) 或虚拟主机(Virtual Machine,VM),无论是PM或VM,皆可通过本发明的该云端服务器1来进行主机名称及网络协议(Internet Protocol,IP)地址的管控(容下详述)。 Wherein said plurality of primary host may be host entity (Physical Machine, PM) or virtual host (Virtual Machine, VM), either PM or the VM, Jieke 1 to a host network through the cloud name and server of the invention control protocol (Internet protocol, IP) address (only put in detail).

[0051]所述多个第一主机42通过该第一子网络交换机41连接上层的该主网络交换机2, 再通过该主网络交换机2连接该云端服务器1及该开机服务器3,以接受该云端服务器1及该开机服务器3的服务。 [0051] The first host of the plurality of upper layer 42 is connected through the first sub-network switch 41 of the main network switch 2, then 2 and connected to the cloud server 1 through the server of the main network power switch 3, to accept the Drive server 1 and the boot server service 3.

[0052]该第二子网络系统5具有一第二子网络交换机51,该第二子网络交换机51同样具有多个连接端口,用以连接多台第二主机52(同样可包含PM及VM)。 [0052] The second sub-network system 5 has a second sub-network switch 51, the second sub-network switch 51 also has a plurality of connection ports for connecting a plurality of second host 52 (and likewise may comprise PM VM) . 所述多个第二主机52通过该第二子网络交换机51连接上层的该主网络交换机2,并且通过该主网络交换机2连接该云端服务器1及该开机服务器3。 Said second plurality of hosts 52 connected to an upper layer through the second sub-network switch 51 of the main network switch 2, and is connected to the cloud server 1 and server 3 via the power switch 2 of the main network. 为方便说明,下面将于说明书内文中,仅以该第一子网络系统4底下的所述多个第一主机42来举例说明。 For convenience of illustration, the following description will be in context, only the bottom 4 of the plurality of first sub-network system 42 to illustrate a first host.

[0053]值得一提的是,本发明中,主要由云端机房中的任一服务器来执行一个特殊程序(process),以担任本发明中的该云端服务器1及该开机服务器3的角色。 [0053] It is worth mentioning that the present invention is mainly performed by any one of the cloud server room a special program (Process), to assume the role of the cloud in the present invention, the server 1 and the server 3 of the boot. 是以,该云端服务器1可为云端机房中的任一服务器,或者,该云端服务器1与该开机服务器3可由同一台服务器来实现,不应加以限定。 Therefore, the cloud server 1 may be any of a cloud server room, or the cloud server 1 is achieved with the boot server 3 may be the same server, it should not be defined.

[0054] 该云端服务器1主要是用来负责管控整个云端机房中所有主机的主机名称及IP地址,在任一台空白的主机新加入该云端机房中(例如新的PM的连接,或是新的VM的产生),并且要进行一系统启动与安装程序(boot up and installation task)时,可直接通过该云端服务器1来取得自身的主机名称及IP地址。 [0054] The cloud server 1 is mainly used in charge control throughout the cloud room host names of all host and the IP address, either a blank host newly added to the cloud room (e.g. connected to the new PM, or new when the VM is generated), and to perform a system installation program start (boot up and installation task), it can be used directly to obtain its IP address and the host name of the server 1 through the cloud. 如此一来,不需要云端机房的管理人员手动对主机进行主机名称及IP地址的设定,可有效达到布署与安装程序的自动化。 In this way, the manual does not require the cloud host room managers set the host name and IP address, which can effectively achieve automated deployment and installation procedures.

[0055] 并且,本发明的该云端服务器1,主要为一种在云端系统使用,并且依据领域名称系统(Domain Name System)标准建立的服务器,该云端服务器1可支援DNS的正解(forward resolution)、反解(reverse resolution)、及代理(DNS proxy)的功能(容下详述)。 [0055] Further, the cloud according to the present invention, a server 1, mainly as a cloud system, and the server established criteria based on the realm name system (Domain Name System), the cloud server 1 Positive Solutions for DNS supports (forward resolution) , inverse solution (reverse resolution), and agents (DNS proxy) function (only put in detail). 是以, 任何主机都可通过IP地址来向该云端服务器1询问对应的主机名称,亦可通过主机名称来向该云端服务器1询问对应的IP地址。 Therefore, the host can be any host name to query a server cloud corresponding IP address, a query may be an IP address corresponding to the host name of the server through the cloud. 如此,可以有效地达到IP地址、主机名称(hostname)、 与网络拓朴互相对应的功效,对于云端机房的管理人员来说,该云端服务器1实可提供相当便利的管控机能。 Thus, it is possible to effectively achieve the IP address, host name (hostname), the network topology mutually corresponding effect, for management of room for the cloud, the cloud server may provide a real quite convenient control function. 更具体而言,该云端服务器1可以外接或内建一个映像数据库(Mapping Database)10,该映像数据库10主要用来储存该云端机房中的所有主机名称及IP地址等相关信息,并且供该云端服务器1参考使用。 More specifically, the cloud server 1 can be an external or a built-in image database (Mapping Database) 10, the image database 10 is mainly used to store the names of all host Drive machine room and the IP address and other relevant information, and for the cloud server 1 reference.

[0056] 续请参阅图3,为本发明的第一具体实施例的流程图。 [0056] Continued see Figure 3, a flowchart of a first embodiment of the present invention. 当该云端机房中的任一主机(下面以该第一主机42为例进行说明)欲进行该系统启动与安装程序(例如作业系统的启动与安装程序)时,需具备有一个IP地址,才能够顺利的进行安装,是以,该云端服务器1将会接收该第一主机42发出的对IP地址的一请求(步骤S10)。 When the cloud any host machine room (hereinafter, first to the host 42 as an example) to be performed and the system starts the installation program (e.g. operating system and starts the installer) when there is a need to have an IP address, before It can be installed smoothly, therefore, the cloud server 1 will receive the request to a first host 42 (step S10) on the IP address issued. 接着,该云端服务器1即依据该请求,先分配(assign)-临时IP地址给该第一主机42使用(步骤S12),由此,该第一主机42可依据该临时IP地址连接网络,以通过该开机服务器3进行该系统启动与安装程序。 Next, i.e., the cloud server 1 according to the request, allocate (assign) - the first temporary IP address to the host 42 uses (step S12), whereby the first host 42 may be connected to the network according to the temporary IP address to the boot server 3 and the system starts the installation procedures.

[0057]值得一提的是,该临时IP地址主要是分配给该第一主机42用来执行启动、安装之用,并非让该第一主机42永久使用的一指定IP地址(fixed IP address)。 [0057] It is worth mentioning that the temporary IP address assigned mainly to the first host 42 to perform the start of installation, and is not a specified IP address so that the first host 42 used permanently (fixed IP address) . 因此,不同的主机在不同的时间点进行该系统启动与安装程序时,可能会使用同一组的该临时IP地址,但所述多个主机在完成该系统启动与安装程序后,一定会使用不同的指定IP地址来连接网络。 Thus, different host system starts the installation program at different points of time, may use the temporary IP address to the same group, but a plurality of hosts After completion of the system startup and the installer must use a different It specifies the IP address to connect to the network. 是以,要能顺利分配临时IP地址及指定IP地址,该云端服务器1必需要知道所有可被使用的一临时IP地址范围,以及可被使用的一指定IP地址范围。 Therefore, to be able to successfully assign a temporary IP address and specify the IP address, the cloud server 1 will need to know all a temporary IP address range can be used, as well as a specified range of IP addresses that can be used.

[0058]接着,该云端服务器1接受该第一主机42的一注册动作(步骤S14),并且更具体而言,该第一主机42依据所使用的该临时IP地址,对该云端服务器1进行注册动作。 [0058] Next, the cloud server 1 receives a registration operation of the first host 42 (step S14), and more specifically, the first temporary IP address of the host 42 using the basis, in the cloud server 1 registration action. 注册完成之后,该云端服务器1取得该第一主机42使用的该临时IP地址,以及该第一主机42的一媒体存取控制(Media Access Control,MAC)地址,并且写入一对应表(如图7中所示的该对应表100)中(步骤S16)。 After registration is complete, the cloud server 1 obtains the temporary IP address of the host 42 uses the first, and the first host 42 is a MAC (Media Access Control, MAC) address, and writes a correspondence table (e.g. the correspondence table shown in FIG. 7, 100) (step S16). 该对应表100可供该云端服务器1于日后查询该第一主机42的主机名称之用并且,该对应表100主要是可以储存在该映像数据库中10,或者直接储存在该云端服务器1内,但不加以限定。 The correspondence table 100 for the cloud server 1 in the future to query the first host name of a host 42 and the correspondence table 100 is stored in the main image database 10, or directly stored in the cloud server 1, but not be limited thereto.

[0059] 如下列表一所示,该云端服务器1通过该对应表100,记录该云端机房中的各主机的相关信息,以供日后查询。 [0059] The following Table I shows, the cloud server 1 through the correspondence table 100, recording related information of each host machine room of the cloud, for future reference. 其中,表一所述的所述多个主机名称、指定IP地址、MAC地址、及临时IP地址的内容皆仅用以举例说明,并非以此为限。 Wherein said plurality of tables according to a host name, specify the IP address, MAC address, and the contents of the temporary IP address are merely to illustrate, not limited thereto.

[0060] [0060]

Figure CN103516742BD00081

Figure CN103516742BD00091

[0061 ]表一 [0061] Table I

[0062]本实施例中,在该云端服务器1启动(run)前,管理人员需将该云端机房的拓扑架构(topology),以及上述可被使用的该临时IP地址范围与该指定IP地址范围写成一设定档(configuration file)(如图7中所示的该设定档1061),并依该设定档1061对该云端服务器1进行设定。 [0062] In this embodiment, before starting the cloud server 1 (RUN), the management personnel need to room Drive topologies (Topology), and the range of the temporary IP address can be used with the specified IP address range written in a configuration file (configuration file) (as shown in the profile 1061 shown in FIG. 7), and a profile set by the server 1061 to the cloud. 由此,当该云端服务器1启动后,即自动依据该设定档1061,对所连接的子网络交换机(例如该第一子网络交换机41)上的所有连接端口皆分配一个对应的主机名称及一个对应的指定IP地址,以供该连接端口所连接的主机使用。 Accordingly, when the cloud server 1 starts, automatically according to the profile 1061, sub-network switch (e.g., the first sub-network switch 41) is connected to all the ports are assigned and corresponding to a host name a corresponding IP address is specified for the connection port connected to the host used. 并且,该云端服务器1会产生如上表一所示的该对应表100,并将所述多个主机名称及所述多个指定IP地址写入该对应表100中。 Further, the cloud server 1 generates the correspondence table as shown in a table 100, and the plurality of host names and IP addresses of the plurality of specified write 100 in the correspondence table.

[0063]值得一提的是,本实施例中,该云端服务器1主要是依据所在的国家、机房、机柜、 及网络交换机的连接端口等信息,通过演算法来计算得出各主机的主机名称。 [0063] It is worth mentioning that, in this embodiment, the cloud server 1 Country mainly based on where, rooms, cabinets, and the like connected to a network switch port to the host names of the host is calculated by the algorithm . 因此,每一台主机都会被分配一个具有辨识性的主机名称,以利于管理人员的管理维护。 Therefore, each host is assigned a host name with a visibility, management personnel in order to facilitate the management of maintenance.

[0064] 上述该步骤S16后,该对应表100中即完整记录了该云端机房中的所有主机的主机名称、指定IP地址、临时IP地址、及MAC地址。 [0064] After the above-described step S16, i.e., the correspondence table 100 in a complete record of host names of all hosts in the cloud room, specify the IP address, the temporary IP address, and the MAC address. 该云端服务器1可于该第一主机42进行该注册动作时取得该MAC地址,并写入该对应表100中;再者,该云端服务器1更可周期性地对所有子网络交换机进行询问,以取得每一台子网络交换机上的各个连接端口所连接的主机的该MAC地址。 In the cloud server 1 may acquire the MAC address of the first host 42 when the register operation, and written in the correspondence table 100; Furthermore, the cloud server 1 may periodically interrogated more of all the sub-network switches, to obtain the MAC address of the host port on each respective network switch connected table. 更具体而言,该云端服务器1主要通过简易网络管理协议(SimpleNetwork Management Protocol,SNMP),周期性对所述多个子网络交换机进行询问,并将所得的MAC 地址更新至该对应表100中。 More specifically, the cloud server 1 mainly through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SimpleNetwork Management Protocol, SNMP), a plurality of sub-networks periodically switches an inquiry, and the resulting MAC address updates to the correspondence table 100. 然而,该云端服务器1采用哪种方式来取得所述多个主机的MAC 地址,以及何时取得,可视实际运用而定,不应加以限定。 However, the cloud server 1 which way to acquire the plurality of MAC address of the host, and when achieved, may be to actual use, should not be defined.

[0065]当该第一主机42进行到一网络安装步骤时,需询问该云端服务器1,以得到可以永久使用的该指定IP地址。 [0065] When the host computer 42 proceeds to a first network installation step, the need to ask the cloud server 1, to obtain the specified IP address can be used permanently. 该云端服务器1接收该第一主机42提出的一DNS询问指令(步骤S18),并且在查询了该映像数据库10后产生一对应的DNS答复,并回复给该第一主机42(步骤S20),其中该DNS答复包括了该云端服务器1分配给该第一主机42使用的该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息。 The cloud server 1 receives a DNS query command (step S18) the host 42 first proposed the query image and generating a corresponding DNS reply to the database 10, and return to the first host 42 (step S20), wherein the reply includes the DNS host name and the information that specifies the IP address assigned to the cloud server 1 uses the first host 42. 更具体而言,该DNS答复系包括该云端服务器1分配给该第一子网络交换机41上的一连接端口的主机名称及指定IP地址的信息,其中该连接端口连接该第一主机42,因此,该第一主机42可以使用该连接端口被分配的该主机名称及该指定IP地址。 More specifically, the system comprises a DNS reply to the cloud server 1 connected to a host assigned to the information on the name of the port 41 and the IP address assigned to the first sub-network switch, wherein the first connection port connected to the host 42, and therefore the first host 42 can use the port is assigned to the host name and the IP address specified.

[0066] 该步骤S18中,该第一主机42主要是通过gethostbyaddr()指令对该云端服务器1 提出询问,并且该步骤S20中,该云端服务器1依照一DNS反解程序(DNS reverse resolution)来处理该DNS询问指令,并产生该DNS答复(DNS answer)。 [0066] This step S18, the first host 42 is primarily through the gethostbyaddr () instruction inquiry, the cloud server 1, and the step S20, the cloud server 1 in accordance with a solution process reverse DNS (DNS reverse resolution) to the DNS query instruction processing, and generating the reply DNS (DNS answer).

[0067] 更具体而言,一般的gethostbyaddr()指令,主要是发送一IP地址(例如192.168.1.1)给DNS服务器,经该DNS服务器进行该DNS反解程序转换为对应的网域名称(例如WWW. delta. com. tw),再将该网域名称以该DNS答复的方式加以回复。 [0067] More specifically, in general the gethostbyaddr () command, a main transmission IP address (e.g., 192.168.1.1) to the DNS server, the DNS server through the DNS inverse solution process into a corresponding domain name (e.g. WWW. delta. com. tw), and then return them to the domain name of the DNS reply way. 也就是说,通过本发明,可直接使用作业系统的服务呼叫就能使用该云端服务器,而不必通过特制的软件来达成。 In other words, the present invention can be used directly service call operating system can use the cloud server, without having to reach through a special software. 该步骤S18中,由该第一主机42发出该DNS询问指令给该云端服务器1(其中该DNS询问指令中包括该第一主机42使用的该临时IP地址)。 In step S18, the first issued by the host 42 to the DNS query instruction to the cloud server 1 (wherein the DNS query command includes the temporary IP address of the first host 42 used). 该云端服务器1以该DNS询问指令查询该对应表100,以取得该第一主机42所连接的该连接端口被分配的该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息后,再产生符合DNS规范的该DNS答复。 After the cloud server 1 to the DNS query command querying the mapping table 100, to obtain information of the host name of the host to the first connection port 42 is connected to the designated and assigned IP address, DNS regenerate meet the specification DNS reply. 如上所述,该DNS答复必须包括要分配给该第一主机42的该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息,并且必须符合DNS规范,举例来说,该DNS答复可例如为"主机名称.指定IP地址.de 1 ta. com. tw"的格式,但不加以限定。 As described above, the DNS reply must contain information of the first host 42 and the host name of the specified IP address to be assigned to, and must DNS compliance, for example, the DNS reply can be, for example, "host name. Specify IP address .de 1 ta. com. tw "format, but not be limited thereto. 该第一主机42 接收该DNS答复后,即可从该DNS答复中,得到对应的该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息。 After the first host 42 receives the DNS reply to the reply from the DNS to obtain information of the host name and the IP address corresponding to the specified.

[0068] 当有多台主机同时进行该系统启动与安装程序时,该云端服务器1将同时接收多台主机提出的DNS询问,并且需同时回复DNS答复给多台主机,上述仅以单一台该第一主机42为例,方便说明,但不以此为限。 [0068] When multiple hosts at the same time the system starts with the installation program, while the cloud server 1 receives the DNS inquiry raised by multiple hosts, and to simultaneously respond to multiple hosts DNS reply, only a single stage of the above-described The first host 42, for example, the convenience of explanation, but not limited thereto.

[0069] 接着请同时参阅图4及图5,分别为本发明的第二具体实施例的流程图及第三具体实施例的系统架构图。 [0069] Next Referring also to FIG. 4 and 5, the system architecture of the flow chart of a third embodiment according to the second embodiment of the present invention are specific. 如上所述,当该第一主机42的系统启动与安装程序进行到该网络安装步骤时,将会先被锁着(Block),该第一主机42必须等待该云端服务器1分配该指定IP地址,并由该云端服务器1对一动态主机设定协议(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, DHCP)服务器6进行一更新动作(步骤S22)。 As described above, when the system starts with the first host program 42 is installed to the network installation steps, it will first be locked (Block), the first host 42 must wait the cloud server 1 specifies the IP address assigned , the cloud server 1 by a dynamic host Configuration protocol (dynamic host Configuration protocol, DHCP) server 6 an update operation (step S22). 如图5所示,该云端机房中具有该DHCP服务器6, 该DHCP服务器6通过网络系统与该云端服务器1及该第一主机42连接。 5, the cloud machine room 6 having the DHCP server, the DHCP server 6 is connected to the cloud server 1 and the first host 42 through the network system. DHCP为本技术领域中的通常知识,在此不再赘述。 DHCP is generally known to those skilled in knowledge, not discussed here. 并且,若有其他主机同时进行该系统启动与安装程序,则当进行到该网络安装步骤时,亦会先被锁着,并等候该云端服务器1的动作。 When and, if the other hosts at the same time and the system starts the installation program proceeds to the network when the mounting step, also the first to be locked, and wait for the cloud server 1 operation.

[0070] 当有多台主机进行到该网络安装步骤,并且被锁着时,该云端服务器1判断被锁着的主机的数量是否超过一门限值,或是所述多个主机的等待时间是否逾时(步骤S24),若否,则该云端服务器1继续执行该步骤S22,以持续对该DHCP服务器6进行该更新动作。 [0070] When more than one host to the network installation steps, and is locked, determines the number of the cloud server 1 is locked host exceeds a threshold value, or a plurality of host latency whether over (step S24,), and if not, the cloud server 1 continues execution of the step S22, the update to the continued operation of the DHCP server 6. 若该云端服务器1判断被锁着的主机的数量超过该门限值,或等待时间已逾,或是该更新动作完成时,则该云端服务器1发出通知,允许所述多个主机继续执行接续的该网络安装步骤(步骤S26)。 If the server 1 determines the number of the cloud being locked host exceeds the threshold value, or the waiting time has expired or the update operation is completed, the cloud server a notification, allowing said plurality of host connection continues the network mounting step (step S26). 其中,该云端服务器1主要可通过多重播送(multicasting)技术,一次解锁(unlocking)多台被锁着的主机,进而,可同步化所述多个主机的系统启动与安装程序,以此降低自动安装的失败率。 Wherein the cloud server 1 mainly by multiple broadcast (Multicasting) technique, once unlocked (Unlocking) multiple hosts to be locked, in turn, may be of the synchronized plurality of host systems start with the installation program, thereby reducing automatic installation failure rate.

[0071] 该步骤S26的后,所述多个主机(例如该第一主机42)可依据从该DNS答复中得到的该指定IP地址的信息,向该DHCP服务器6要求更新地址(renew IP)(步骤S28),即,请求使用该指定IP地址。 After [0071] the step S26, a plurality of hosts (e.g., the first host 42) may be specified based on the information of the IP address obtained from the DNS reply to the DHCP server in claim 6 update address (IP Renew) (step S28), i.e., request to use the specified IP address. 最后,该第一主机42于该指定IP地址更新设定完成后,再将剩余的程序执行完毕(步骤S30)。 Finally, the first host 42 to update the designated IP address after setting is completed, then the remaining is finished (step S30).

[0072] 值得一提的是,本发明的实施例中,所述多个主机主要是在该系统启动与安装程序执行到该网络安装步骤时,被该云端服务器1锁住,以维持安装的同步性。 [0072] It is worth mentioning that embodiments of the present invention, the plurality of hosts is to start execution of the main program to install the network installation step, the cloud server 1 is locked in this system to maintain the installation synchronization. 然而,该云端服务器1主要还可解决在云端丛集系统(Cluster)中,分散式软件在启动时的同步问题。 However, the cloud server 1 also address the main system in the cloud cluster (Cluster), a distributed software synchronization problems at startup. 也就是说,在所述多个主机各自启动一分散式软件时,可受该云端服务器1的控制,在进行到某个特定程序时被锁着,并且,待一解锁条件被满足时,再由该云端服务器1以multicasting 的技术同时解锁所述多个主机。 That is, when each of the plurality of host initiates a distributed software, may be controlled by the cloud server 1, to be locked during a particular program, and, until an unlocking condition is satisfied, then 1 by a server to the cloud while multicasting technique unlocking the plurality of hosts. 如此一来,可以有效维持该分散式软件在执行上的同步化。 Thus, the dispersion can be effectively maintained in the formula synchronization software execution. [0073]请参阅图6,为本发明的第三具体实施例的流程图,图6中完整的描述了该云端服务器1、该第一主机41、及该DHCP服务器6的动作,以及各动作的执行顺序。 [0073] Referring to FIG 6, a flowchart of a third embodiment of the present invention in FIG. 6 complete description of the cloud server 1, the first host 41, and the operation of the DHCP server 6, and each operation the execution order.

[0074]首先,当该第一主机41要进行系统启动与安装程序时,会对该云端服务器1提出IP 地址的该请求(步骤S40),当该云端服务器1接收该请求后,会向该DHCP服务器6要求一个IP 地址来做为该临时IP地址(步骤S42)。 [0074] First, when the first host system 41 to start the installer will move the IP address of the request (step S40) of the cloud server 1, when the cloud server 1 receives the request, to the 6 requires a DHCP server for IP address do temporary IP address (step S42). 该DHCP服务器6依照可使用的该临时IP地址范围,选取一个临时IP地址回复给该云端服务器1(步骤S44),该云端服务器1再将该临时IP地址分配给该第一主机42来使用(步骤S46)。 The DHCP server 6 in accordance with the temporary IP address ranges can be used to select a temporary IP address reply to the cloud server 1 (step S44), the cloud server 1 then allocate the first temporary IP address to the host 42 using ( step S46).

[0075]该第一主机42于该步骤S46中取得该临时IP地址后,即可顺利进行作业系统的系统启动与安装程序(步骤S48)。 After [0075] The first host 42 obtains the temporary IP address in the step S46, the operation system to smoothly start the system with the installation program (step S48). 待该系统启动与安装程序执行到一定阶段后,该第一主机42 会以所使用的该临时IP地址向该云端服务器1进行注册(步骤S50),以令该云端服务器1产生完整的该对应表100。 After the correspondence with the system starts the installation program execution to a certain stage, the first host 42 would be to use the temporary IP address to the registered cloud server 1 (step S50), enabling the cloud server 1 to generate a complete table 100. 接着,当该第一主机42的安装动作进行到该网络安装步骤时,通过该DNS询问指令(本实施例中为gethostbyaddr ()指令)向该CDNS服务器1提出该DNS询问(步骤S52),并且该DNS询问指令中包括该第一主机42使用的该临时IP地址。 Next, when the mounting operation when the first host to the network 42 is mounting step, by the DNS query command (in this embodiment is the gethostbyaddr () command) to the server 1 CDNS Introducing the DNS query (step S52), and the DNS query command includes the temporary IP address of the first host 42 uses. 该云端服务器1接收该DNS询问指令后,依据该第一主机42使用的该临时IP地址查询该对应表100,以进行该DNS反解程序并产生该DNS答复,再回复给该第一主机42 (步骤S54)。 After the cloud server 1 receives the DNS query command, according to the first temporary IP address of the host 42 uses a query to the correspondence table 100, the reverse DNS solution for generating the program and DNS reply, then return to the first host 42 (step S54). 此时,该第一主机42将会先被锁着,暂停系统启动与安装程序。 At this time, the first host 42 first will be locked, and the system starts the installation procedure suspended.

[0076]接着,该云端服务器1对要给该第一主机42使用的该指定IP地址进行分配(步骤S56),并且,依据该指定IP地址的信息对该DHCP服务器6进行该更新动作(步骤S58)。 [0076] Next, the cloud server 1 to give the designated IP address of the host 42 using first allocated (Step S56), and, based on the information of the specified IP address 6 of the updating operation (step the DHCP server S58). 待更新完成、或被锁着的主机的数量超过该门限值、或主机的等待时间逾时时,该云端服务器1通过多重播送方式,一次解锁多台主机(步骤S60),其中包括本实施例中举例说明的该第一主机42。 To be updated, the number of locked or host exceeds the threshold value, waiting time or from time to time over the host, the cloud server 1 by way of multicast messages, once unlocked multiple hosts (the S60 step), the present embodiment includes in the first example described host 42.

[0077]该步骤S60后,该第一主机42由该DNS答复中取得该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息,并且被允许继续执行网络安装步骤。 [0077] After the step S60, the information of the first host 42 and the host name specified by the acquired IP address in the DNS reply, and the network is allowed to proceed to the installation step. 此时,该第一主机42依据该指定IP地址的信息,向该DHCP服务器6要求更新地址(步骤S62),该DHCP服务器6则依据该云端服务器1的该更新动作,以及该第一主机42提出的该指定IP地址的信息,分配该指定IP地址给该第一主机42使用(步骤S64)。 At this time, the information of the first host 42 according to the specified IP address to the DHCP server in claim 6 updates the address (step S62), the DHCP server 6 according to the update operation of the cloud server 1, and the first host 42 information of the specified IP address presented, the designated IP address assigned to the host 42 using first (step S64). 而步骤S64后,该第一主机42即可使用该主机名称及该指定IP地址来完成网络的安装步骤,并将剩余的程序皆执行完毕(步骤S66)。 After the step S64, the host 42 can use the first host name and the IP address of the designated steps to complete the installation of the network, and the remaining procedures are finished (step S66).

[0078] 步骤S66之后,该第一主机42即为一台完整可被使用的云端主机,并且管理人员可依据该第一主机42使用的该主机名称及该指定IP地址,对该第一主机42进行各种管理及控制。 After the [0078] step S66, the host 42 that is the first of a complete cloud host can be used, and the manager can specify the host name and IP address of the first host 42 according to the use, the first host 42 various management and control.

[0079] 续请参阅图7,为本发明的第一具体实施例的云端服务器架构图。 [0079] Referring to FIG. 7 continued, cloud server architecture diagram of a first embodiment of the present invention. 前述的该特殊程序主要包括多组不同的程序码,通过所述多个程序码的运行,该云端服务器1可区别并包括多个模块,主要包括:一接收模块101、一IP地址处理模块102、一信息提供模块103、一注册模块104、一DNS处理模块105、一储存模块106及一对应表存取模块107。 The aforementioned special program includes different sets of program codes, by executing the plurality of program code, the cloud server 1 may include a plurality of modules and the difference, including: a receiving module 101, a processing module 102 an IP address an information providing module 103, a registration module 104, a DNS processing module 105, a storage module 106 and a mapping table 107 the access module.

[0080] 该接收模块101系用以接收该第一主机42发出的对IP地址的该请求,该IP地址处理模块102可依据该请求,对该DHCP服务器6要求分配该临时IP地址,并且,该云端服务器1 再通过该信息提供模块103,将该临时IP地址分配给该第一主机42使用。 [0080] The receiving module 101 is used for receiving the first request is sent to the host 42 for an IP address, the IP address of the processing module 102 may assign the temporary IP address to the DHCP 6 according to the requirements of the server request, and, 1 and then the cloud server module 103 provides this information, the temporary IP address assigned to the first host computer 42 to use. 当该第一主机42执行该系统启动与安装程序并且进行到该网络安装步骤时,该云端服务器1系由该注册模块104来接受该第一主机42所进行的该注册动作。 When the first host 42 and the system starts to execute the installation program and proceeds to the step of the network installation, the cloud server system 1 accepts the registration by the registration module 104 of the host 42 to the first operation performed. 以将该第一主机42所使用的该临时IP地址及该MAC地址写入该对应表100中。 In the first temporary IP address of the host 42 using the MAC address and written into the correspondence table 100.

[00811当该第一主机42提出该DNS询问指令时,该云端服务器1系由该DNS处理模块105接收并处理该DNS询问指令。 [00811 When the host 42 is proposed when the first DNS query instruction, the cloud server system 1 receives and processes executed by the DNS query the DNS processing module 105. 更具体而言,该DNS处理模块105是以该DNS询问指令查询该对应表,以取得该云端服务器1分配给该第一主机42使用的该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息, 以依据该DNS反解程序来产生该DNS答复。 More specifically, the processing module 105 is a DNS query to the DNS query instruction to the correspondence table to acquire information of the host name and the IP address of the specified cloud server 1 to the host using the first 42 to according to the Reverse DNS solution program to generate the DNS reply. 并且,该云端服务器1再通过该信息提供模块103 回复该DNS答复给该第一主机42。 Further, the cloud server module 103 provides a further reply to the DNS reply to the host 42 by the first information.

[0082]该储存模块106主要用来储存该设定档1061,该云端机房的管理人员可于该云端服务器1启动前,即写成该设定档1061并储存于该储存模块106中,以依据该设定档1061对该云端服务器1进行设定。 [0082] The main storage module 106 for storing the profile 1061, management of the cloud may be room in the cloud server 1 before the start, i.e., the profile 1061 is written and stored in the storage module 106, according to the profile of the cloud server 1 1061 is set. 如此,当该云端服务器1启动后,即可自动依据该设定档1061,为所连接的子网络交换机(例如该第一子网络交换机41)上的所有连接端口皆分配一个主机名称及一个指定IP地址。 Thus, when the cloud server 1 starts, automatically according to the profile 1061, sub-network switch (e.g., the first sub-network switch 41) on all ports are connected assign a host name and a specified IP addresses.

[0083]该云端服务器1主要是通过该对应表存取模块107来连接该映象数据库10,以存取该对应表100,然而,该对应表100亦可储存于该云端服务器1内部,即,储存于该储存模块106中,并且通过该对应表存取模块107来读取与写入。 [0083] The cloud server 1 is used to connect the image correspondence table database 10 through the access module 107 to access to the correspondence table 100, however, the correspondence table 100 may be stored in the interior of the cloud server 1, i.e., , stored in the storage module 106 and read by the correspondence table 107 and the write access module. 然而以上所述仅为本发明的较佳具体实例,不应以此为限。 However, particularly preferred above are merely examples of the present invention should not be limited thereto.

[0084]如前述图1与图2所示的架构,主要系为一种集中式架构(Centralized),此架构中只有一台该云端服务器1及一台该开机服务器3,并通过该主网络交换机2,同时服务云端系统中的所有子网络系统4、5。 [0084] The architecture of the FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, and mainly as a centralized architecture (a Centralized), this architecture is only one of the cloud server 1 and a power of the server 3, through the primary network and switch 2, and all the sub-network systems and services in the cloud system 4,5. 本发明还揭露了另外一种架构,为一种分散式架构(Distributed),具有多台该云端服务器1与多台的该开机服务器3,并且可同时适用于本发明所揭露的管控方法。 Further the present invention also discloses an architecture for a distributed architecture (Distributed), having a plurality of the cloud server 1 and the plurality of boot server 3, and may also apply to a control method of the present invention is disclosed.

[0085]请同时参阅图8与图9,分别为本发明的第四具体实施例与第五具体实施例的系统架构图。 [0085] Referring also to FIGS. 8 and 9, a system architecture diagram of a fifth embodiment of the fourth specific embodiment of the present invention respectively. 于本实施例中,该主网络交换机2直接连接该映像数据库10,而不连接该云端服务器1及该开机服务器3。 In the present embodiment, the main switch 2 is directly connected to the network image database 10, without being connected to the cloud server 1 and the server 3 of the boot. 本实施例中,是在每一个子网络系统4、5中,分别设置一个云端服务器11、12及一个开机服务器31、32,以图9为例,该云端服务器11与该开机服务器31用以服务该第一子网络系统41中的实体主机42、该云端服务器12与该开机服务器32用以服务该第二子网络系统51中的实体主机52。 In this embodiment, in each sub-network system 4, 5, 11, 12 are provided and a cloud server a boot server 31, in an example of FIG. 9, the cloud server 11 to the boot server 31 the first sub-network service entity host computer system 42 in 41, the cloud server 1252 to the boot server 32 to host the service entity and the second sub-network system 51.

[0086]以该第一子网络系统41为例,在多台该第一主机42要请求临时IP地址时,是向该第一子网络系统41中的该云端服务器11请求,要进行开机程序时,也是通过该第一子网络系统41中的该开机服务器31来进行。 [0086] In the first sub-network system 41, for example, when a plurality of the first host 42 to request temporary IP address, to a server 11 requests the cloud 41 in a first sub-network system, the boot program to be when the boot 41 is in the server 31 is performed by the first sub-network system. 并且,该云端服务器11再通过上层网络,将所述多个第一主机42的相关数据(例如该对应表100)储存在该映像数据库10中。 Further, the cloud server 11 through the upper-layer network, the first plurality of host 42 data (e.g., the correspondence table 100) stored in the image database 10. 也就是说,该云端服务器11与该开机服务器31只需服务该第一子网络系统41,因此所造成的负担(Loading)会比前述实施例中的该云端服务器1来得小。 That is, the cloud server 11 to the boot server 31 only services the first sub-network system 41, and therefore the burden (Loading) Examples will be caused by the server 1 in the cloud is more smaller than the aforementioned embodiment. 更具体而言,在丛集系统中,每一个子网络系统4、5 都是一个分离的环境,因此通过本实施例的架构,可以让每一个子网络系统4、5的网络资源(Traffic)各自留在Local端,不会影响到整个网络环境的资源。 More specifically, in a cluster system, each sub-network system 4,5 is a separate environment, by the architecture of the present embodiment, each sub-network system that allows network resources 4,5 (Traffic) each Local stay in the end, will not affect the resources of the entire network environment. 换句话说,即使该第一子网络系统41中的该云端服务器11与该开机服务器31损坏,亦不会影响到其他子网络系统以及上层网络的程序。 In other words, even if the first sub-network system 41 in the cloud server 11 to the boot server 31 corruption, will not affect other sub-network system, and an upper network program.

[0087] 如前文所述,该云端服务器1、11、12及该开机服务器3、31、32,主要是由任一服务器来执行一个特殊程序,以于该程序启动后担任该角色。 [0087] As previously described, the cloud server and the boot server 3,31,32 1,11,12 main program is performed by either a particular server, to start the program as to the role of the. 请参阅图10,为本发明的第六具体实施例的系统架构图。 Example System Architecture FIG Please refer to FIG. 10, a sixth specific embodiment of the present invention. 于本实施例中,该云端服务器11、12与该开机服务器31、32并非由实体的服务器来担任,而是在系统中设置硬件效能较高的子网络交换机41、51,并且由所述多个子网络交换机41、51来分别执行一程序410、510。 In the present embodiment, the cloud server 11, but provided a high performance hardware network switch 41, 51 in sub-system to the boot server 31 not to serve as a server entity, and by the plurality sub-network switches 41, 51, 410, 510, respectively executing a program. 于本实施例中,该第一子网络交换机41 内部执行了该程序410,并于该程序410启动后,该第一子网络交换机41可同时担任交换机、 云端服务器及开机服务器的角色,以提供服务给该第一子网络系统4中的所有第一主机42。 In this embodiment, the inside of the first sub-network 41 switches the execution program 410, and after the program 410 to start the first sub-network switch 41 may simultaneously serve as switches, servers and boot server role of the cloud, to provide the first sub-network to service all of the first host system 42 in FIG. 4. 而该第二子网络交换机51内部则执行了该程序510,并于该程序510启动后,该第二子网络交换机51可同时担任交换机、云端服务器及开机服务器的角色,以提供服务给该第二子网络系统5中的所有第二主机52。 51 and the interior of the second sub-network switch executes the program 510, and after the program start 510, the second sub-network switch 51 may simultaneously play the role of the switch, the cloud server and boot server to provide services to the second All the second host 52 two sub-network system 5. 这样的好处在于,可以减少机柜中的管控服务器的数量,以减少云端系统的建构成本。 This has the advantage that it is possible to reduce the number of control server cabinet to reduce the cost of construction of the cloud system.

[0088] 本发明中揭露的该云端服务器1、11、12,更可以三层式(3^從)架构来实现,以同时提供多个区域(zone)的DNS服务、以及IP地址与主机名称的分配与管控。 [0088] The cloud server disclosed in the present invention, 11, 12, but also a three-layer (from 3 ^) implemented architecture to simultaneously provide a plurality of regions (Zone) DNS service, and the IP address and host name distribution and control. 三层式架构是为本技术领域的通常知识,在此不再赘述。 Three-tier architecture is usually knowledge-based art, not discussed here.

[0089]请参阅第图11,为本发明的第一具体实施例的云端服务器架构示意图。 [0089] See FIG. 11, the cloud server architecture diagram of a first embodiment of the present invention. 一个完整的该云端服务器1,主要可分为一个该映像数据库10、一个云端服务器后台13、以及一或多个云端服务器前台14。 A complete the cloud server 1, the image can be divided into a database 10, a background cloud server 13, and one or more servers cloud front 14. 该映像数据库10主要做为3-tier架构中的数据层(data tier),用以负责数据的储存;该云端服务器后台13做为3-tier架构中的应用层(application tier), 用以负责主要的逻辑运算;而该多云端服务器前台14则做为3-tier架构中的展示层(presentation tier),用以设置在不同的区域,做为不同客户端的界面。 The image database 10 as the major data layers (data tier) 3-tier architecture, is responsible for storing data; the cloud server 13 as the background of the 3-tier architecture application layer (application tier), is responsible for the main logical operation; and 14 of the multi-display foreground layer cloud server (presentation tier) 3-tier architecture, as is, to set in different areas, as a different client interfaces. 更具体而言,该多云端服务器前台14分别用以接收各客户端的数据输入,再提供给该云端服务器后台13,并且显示该云端服务器后台13的运算结果给客户端。 More specifically, the multi-server cloud front 14 respectively for receiving input data of each client, and then provide the background to the cloud server 13, and displays the operation result of the background cloud server 13 to the client.

[0090] 通过本实施例中的架构,该云端服务器1可以同时管控多个区域,并且,还可通过前台与后台的区分,增加系统的可扩充性。 [0090] In the present embodiment, the structure, the cloud server 1 may simultaneously control a plurality of regions, and, by distinguishing foreground and background may also increase system scalability.

[0091] 以上所述仅为本发明的较佳具体实例,非因此即局限本发明的专利范围,故举凡运用本发明内容所为的等效变化,均同理皆包含于本发明的范围内,合予陈明。 [0091] The above are merely examples of the present invention is particularly preferred, i.e., non-limited so patentable scope of the invention, it is covered the use of equivalent variations of the present invention shall fall within the scope are included in the present invention , close to Chen.

Claims (20)

1. 一种云端服务器的管控方法,针对该云端服务器与一主机连接并对该主机进行管控,该管控方法包括: a) 接收该主机对IP地址的一请求; b) 依该请求分配一临时IP地址给该主机; c) 接受该主机使用该临时IP进行的一注册动作; d) 接收该主机于该注册动作后提出的一域名系统询问指令;其中,该域名系统询问指令中包括该临时IP地址; e) 依一域名系统反解程序处理该域名系统询问指令,并根据该临时IP地址确定该云端服务器分配给该主机使用的一主机名称及一指定IP地址的信息,以产生一域名系统答复并回复该主机,其中该域名系统答复包括了该云端服务器分配给该主机使用的一主机名称及一指定IP地址的信息。 Control method for a cloud server, connected for the cloud server to a host and control the host computer, the control method comprising: a) receiving the host a request for an IP address; b) assigning a temporary by the request IP address to the host; c) receiving a registration operation of the host to use the temporary IP performed; D) receiving the master query instruction to a domain name system of the registration operation is made after the; wherein the domain name system query command comprising the temporary IP address; E) treating the domain name system in accordance with a DNS inverse solution process inquiry command, and the temporary IP address to determine the cloud server information assigned to a host name and a specified IP address used by the host to generate a domain name in accordance with reply and reply to the host system, where the domain name system reply includes information on the cloud server is assigned to a host name and the host uses a specified IP address.
2. 如权利要求1所述的管控方法,其中该域名系统询问指令为gethostbyaddr ()指令。 2. The control method according to claim 1, wherein the domain name system query instruction is the gethostbyaddr () instruction.
3. 如权利要求1所述的管控方法,其中该云端服务器通过一云端机房中的一子网络交换机连接该主机,并且该主机连接该子网络交换机上的一个连接端口,该步骤a之前还包括下列步骤: a 01)建立一设定档,该设定档包括该云端机房的一拓朴架构,以及可被使用的一指定IP地址范围; a02)依据该拓朴架构及该指定IP地址范围,为该子网络交换机上的所有连接端口皆分配一个主机名称及一个指定IP地址;及a03)产生一对应表,并将所述多个主机名称及所述多个指定IP地址写入该对应表中; 其中,该步骤c将该临时IP地址写入该对应表中,并且该步骤d接受的该域名系统询问指令中包括该临时IP地址,该步骤e以该域名系统询问指令查询该对应表,以取得该主机连接的该连接端口被分配的该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息。 3. The control method according to claim 1, wherein the cloud server connected to the host via a cloud in a sub-room network switch, and a connection port connected to the host on the sub network switch further comprises a prior step the following steps: a 01) establishing a profile, the profile comprising a room the cloud topology architecture, and a specified range of IP addresses that can be used; A02) according to the structure and topology of the IP address range specified , are all connected to ports on the assigned sub-network switch and a host name of a specified IP address; and A03) to generate a correspondence table, and writes the host name and the plurality of the plurality of specified IP address corresponding to table; wherein the step c written into the temporary IP address correspondence table, and the step d of the domain name system query command includes receiving the temporary IP address, the query command querying the step e corresponds to the domain name system table to acquire information of the host name assigned to the connection port is connected to the host and the specified IP address.
4. 如权利要求3所述的管控方法,其中该设定档还包括可被使用的一临时IP地址范围, 该步骤b通过该临时IP地址范围,向一动态主机控制协议服务器要求分配该临时IP地址给该主机。 4. The control method according to claim 3, wherein the profile further includes a temporary IP address ranges can be used, which step b by the temporary IP address range, to a dynamic host control protocol server requires the assignment of the temporary IP address to the host.
5. 如权利要求3所述的管控方法,其中还包括下列步骤: f) 周期性对该子网络交换机进行扫描;及g) 取得该主机的一媒体存取控制地址,并且将该媒体存取控制地址写入该对应表中。 5. The control method according to claim 3, further comprising the steps of: f) periodically scanning the sub-network switches; and g) obtaining a MAC address of the host, and the media access address is written to the control correspondence table.
6. 如权利要求5所述的管控方法,其中该步骤f通过一简易网络管理协议,周期性对该子网络交换机进行询问。 6. The control method of claim 5, wherein the step f by a Simple Network Management Protocol, periodically query the sub-network switches.
7. 如权利要求1所述的管控方法,其中该步骤a于该主机欲通过一开机服务器进行一系统启动与安装程序时,接收该主机对IP地址的该请求。 7. The control method according to claim 1, wherein the step a desire for a system start program by mounting a boot to the host server, the host receives the request for an IP address.
8. 如权利要求7所述的管控方法,其中该主机在该系统启动与安装程序进行到一网络安装步骤时将会先被锁着,并且该步骤e之后还包括下列步骤: h) 依据该指定IP地址的信息对一动态主机控制协议服务器进行一更新动作; i) 判断被锁着的该主机的数量是否超过一门限值,或等待时间是否逾时; j) 若于该步骤i中判断为是,解锁被锁着的该主机以继续执行该网络安装步骤; k) 该主机依据该指定IP地址的信息向该动态主机控制协议服务器要求更新地址;及1)该动态主机控制协议服务器依据该云端服务器的该更新动作,以及该主机的要求, 分配该指定IP地址给该主机使用。 8. The control method according to claim 7, wherein the host system starts the installation program proceeds to a network will be locked when the first mounting step, and after the step e further comprises the steps of: h) according to the IP address is information specifying an update operation of a dynamic host control protocol server; the number of hosts i) is determined by the locked exceeds a threshold value, or when the waiting time is over; j) i, if the step in the it is determined that the host is unlocked locked to continue the network installation step; K) required to update the host server based on the address information of the specified IP address to the dynamic host control protocol; and 1) the dynamic host control protocol server according to the update action of the cloud server, as well as the requirements of the host, assign the designated IP address of the host to use.
9. 如权利要求8所述的管控方法,其中该步骤j通过多重播送方式一次解锁多台被锁着的该主机。 9. The control method according to claim 8, wherein the step of unlocking a plurality j of the host is locked by multiple broadcasting system.
10. -种云端服务器使用的管控方法,该云端服务器通过一子网络交换机与一主机连接,并且该主机连接该子网络交换机上的一连接端口,该管控方法包括: a) 为该子网络交换机上的所有连接端口皆分配一个主机名称及一个指定IP地址,并写入一对应表中; b) 于该主机通过一开机服务器进行一系统启动与安装程序时,接收该主机对IP地址的一请求; c) 依据该请求,对一动态主机控制协议服务器要求一临时IP地址; d) 将该临时IP地址分配给该主机用来进行该系统启动与安装程序; e) 接受该主机使用该临时IP地址进行的一注册动作; f) 取得该主机的一媒体存取控制地址; g) 于接受该注册动作后将该临时IP地址及该媒体存取控制地址写入该对应表中; h) 接收该主机提出的一域名系统询问指令,其中该域名系统询问指令中包括该临时IP 地址; i) 依照一域名 10. - kind of method for controlling cloud server used, the cloud server via a sub-network switch and a host, and the host is connected to a connection port on the sub-network switch, the control method comprising: a) for the sub-network switch All connection ports are allocated on a specified host name and an IP address, and writes a correspondence table; b) when a host system to the start program by mounting a boot server, receives the IP address of a host request; c) according to the request, a dynamic host control protocol server requires a temporary IP address; D) the temporary IP address assigned to the host system is used to start the installation program; E) used by the host to accept the temporary a registered IP address of the operation; F) to obtain a media access control address of the host; G) in the register operation after receiving the temporary IP address and the MAC address written in the correspondence table; H) a domain name system receives the proposed host inquiry command, wherein the domain name system query command includes the temporary IP address; I) in accordance with a domain 统反解程序查询该对应表,以产生一域名系统答复并回复该主机,其中该域名系统答复包括了该主机连接的该连接端口被分配的该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息。 Solutions of the anti-query system program correspondence table, to generate a reply to the domain name system and respond to the host, wherein the reply comprises the domain name system information of the host name of the connection port connected to the host and allocated to the specified IP address.
11. 如权利要求10所述的管控方法,其中该域名系统询问指令为gethostbyaddr ()指令。 11. The control method according to claim 10, wherein the domain name system query instruction is the gethostbyaddr () instruction.
12. 如权利要求10所述的管控方法,其中该子网络交换机设置于一云端机房中,该步骤a还包括下列步骤: al)建立一设定档,其中该设定档包括该云端机房的一拓朴架构,及可被使用的一指定IP地址范围; a2)依据该拓朴架构及该指定IP地址范围,为该子网络交换机上的每一个连接端口皆分配一个该主机名称及一个该指定IP地址;及a3)将所述多个主机名称及所述多个指定IP地址写入该对应表中。 12. The control method according to claim 10, wherein the switch is provided on a sub-network cloud machine room, the step a further comprises the steps of: al) establishing a profile, wherein the profile comprises the cloud room a framework topology, and a specified range of IP addresses that can be used; A2) according to the structure and topology of the specified range of IP addresses, which are assigned a host name for each port on the switch and a sub-network of the specified IP address; and a3) said plurality of host names and IP addresses of the plurality of specified write the mapping table.
13. 如权利要求12所述的管控方法,其中该步骤f包括下列步骤: Π )通过一简易网络管理协议周期性对该子网络交换机进行询问;及f2)依据询问结果,取得该主机的该媒体存取控制地址。 13. The control method of claim 12, wherein the step f comprises the steps of: Π) an inquiry through the sub-network switches periodically a Simple Network Management Protocol; and f2) according to result of the inquiry, the host acquires the media access control address.
14. 如权利要求12所述的管控方法,其中该主机的该系统启动与安装程序进行到一网络安装步骤时将会先被锁着,并且该步骤i的后还包括下列步骤: j) 依据该指定IP地址的信息对该动态主机控制协议服务器进行一更新动作; k) 若该更新动作完成,解锁被锁着的该主机以继续执行该网络安装步骤; l) 若被锁着的该主机的数量超过一门限值,解锁被锁着的该主机以继续执行该网络安装步骤;及m) 若该主机的等待时间逾时,解锁被锁着的该主机以继续执行该网络安装步骤。 j) according to: 14. The control method of claim 12, wherein the host system starts the installation program proceeds to a network will be locked when the first mounting step, and after the step i further comprises the steps of the information of a specified IP address update operation is performed to the dynamic host control protocol server; K) If the update operation is completed, the host is unlocked locked to continue the network installation step; L) if they are locked in the host number more than one value, unlocking the host is locked to continue the network installation step; and m) if more than the waiting time of the host, the host is unlocked locked to continue the network installation step.
15. 如权利要求14所述的管控方法,其中该步骤k、步骤1及步骤m通过多重播送方式一次解锁多台被锁着的该主机。 15. The control method according to claim 14, wherein the step k, steps 1 and m unlocking a plurality of the host is locked by multiple broadcasting system.
16. 如权利要求14所述的管控方法,其中还包括下列步骤: η)该主机依据该指定IP地址的信息向该动态主机控制协议服务器要求更新地址;及〇)该动态主机控制协议服务器依据该云端服务器的该更新动作,以及该主机的要求, 分配该指定IP地址给该主机使用。 16. The control method according to claim 14, further comprising the steps of: η) based on the host information of the specified IP address to the dynamic host control protocol server requires a refresh address; and a square) the dynamic host control protocol server based the updating operation of the cloud server, and the host request specifies the IP address assigned to the host used.
17. -种管控主机名称及IP地址的云端服务器,用以连接并管控一主机,该云端服务器包括: 一接收模块,接收该主机提出的对IP地址的一请求; 一IP地址处理模块,依据该请求取得一临时IP地址; 一信息提供模块,分配该临时IP地址给该主机暂时使用; 一注册模块,接受该主机使用该临时IP地址所进行的一注册动作;及一域名系统处理模块,接收该主机于该注册动作后提出的一域名系统询问指令,其中, 该域名系统询问指令中包括该临时IP地址;并依据一域名系统反解程序处理该域名系统询问指令,并根据该临时IP地址确定该云端服务器分配给该主机使用的一主机名称及一指定IP地址的信息,以产生一域名系统答复; 其中,该云端服务器通过该信息提供模块回复该域名系统答复给该主机,并且该域名系统答复包括了该云端服务器分配给该主机永久使用的 17. - Cloud server types control the host name and IP address, to connect and control a host, the cloud server comprising: a receiving module for receiving a request for an IP address of the host proposed; an IP address processing module, according to the request to obtain a temporary IP address; an information providing module, allocates the temporary IP address to the host temporary use; a registration module, accept the host uses a register operation of the temporary IP address is performed; and a domain name system processing module, receiving the master query instruction to a domain name system of the registration operation is made after the, wherein the domain name system query command includes the temporary IP address; and based on a domain Name system inverse solution handles the domain name system query instruction, and in accordance with the temporary IP address determining the cloud server information assigned to a host name and a specified IP address used by the host to generate a DNS reply; wherein the cloud server unit sends the DNS reply to the host through the information, and the DNS responses, including the cloud server assigned to the host permanent use 一主机名称及一指定IP地址的信息。 Information on a host name and a specified IP address.
18. 如权利要求17所述的云端服务器,其中该云端服务器通过一云端机房中的一子网络交换机连接该主机,并且该云端服务器还包括一储存模块,储存有一设定档,该设定档包括该云端机房的一拓朴架构,及一可被使用的指定IP地址范围,该云端服务器通过该拓朴架构及该指定IP地址范围,为该子网络交换机上的所有连接端口皆分配一个主机名称及一个指定IP地址。 18. The cloud server according to claim 17, wherein the cloud server connected to the host via a cloud in a sub-room network switch, and the cloud server further comprises a storage module stores a profile, which profile the room includes a topology architecture cloud, and specifies a range of IP addresses that can be used, by which the cloud server architecture and topology of the specified range of IP addresses, are assigned a port on the host for all the sub-network switch and the name of a specific IP address.
19. 如权利要求18所述的云端服务器,其中还包括一对应表存取模块,用以存取一对应表,该对应表记录有该主机的该临时IP地址、一媒体存取控制地址、以及该主机连接的该连接端口被分配的该主机名称及该指定IP地址,该域名系统询问指令中包括该临时IP地址, 该域名系统处理模块是以该域名系统询问指令查询该对应表,以取得对应的该主机名称及该指定IP地址的信息并产生该域名系统答复。 19. The cloud server according to claim 18, further comprising a correspondence table access module for accessing a mapping table, the mapping table is recorded to the temporary IP address of the host, a media access control address, and the host name of the connection port connected to the host and allocated the designated IP address, the domain name system query command includes the temporary IP address, the domain name system DNS processing module based on the query command querying the mapping table to obtain information about the host name and the specified IP address corresponding to the domain name system and generate a reply.
20. 如权利要求17所述的云端服务器,其中该IP地址处理模块依据该指定IP地址的信息,对该动态主机控制协议服务器进行一更新动作,以要求该动态主机控制协议服务器允许该主机使用该指定IP地址。 20. The cloud server according to claim 17, wherein the processing module based on IP address information of the specified IP address, the dynamic host control protocol server an update operation to request the dynamic host control protocol server allows the host to use the specified IP address.
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