CN103516160B - The axial electric exciting brushless generator of automobile - Google Patents

The axial electric exciting brushless generator of automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103516160B
CN103516160B CN201310487779.XA CN201310487779A CN103516160B CN 103516160 B CN103516160 B CN 103516160B CN 201310487779 A CN201310487779 A CN 201310487779A CN 103516160 B CN103516160 B CN 103516160B
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China
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iron core
armature winding
electric excitation
electric
winding
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CN201310487779.XA
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CN103516160A (en
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张学义
刘从臻
尹红彬
王越
尤迪
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Weifang Wanlong Electric Limited by Share Ltd.
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张学义
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Abstract

The invention provides the axial electric exciting brushless generator of a kind of automobile, belong to electric motor of automobile technical field of electric appliances, by electric excitation system, electricity generation system, rotor, front end housing, rear end cap forms, the quantity of quantity and the electricity generation system of electricity excitation system is equal and spaced to be fixed by screws in rear end cap inner chamber circumferentially same, rotor is flange plate structure, both electric excitation winding had not been had, permanent magnet is not had yet, structure is simple, moment of inertia is little, electricity excitation winding and electric excitation winding iron core are all fixed on commutator end bearing support bracket, non-carbonate slip ring structure, failure rate is low.

Description

The axial electric exciting brushless generator of automobile
Technical field
The invention provides the axial electric exciting brushless generator of a kind of automobile, belong to electric motor of automobile technical field of electric appliances.
Background technology
Auto industry is the mark of modern industry, it is the leading industry of the national economic development, the various aspects of living in industrial and agricultural production, communications and transportation and human being's production all play indispensable effect, the generator that current and automobile accessories use, ubiquity the problems such as failure rate is high, power output is little, can not meet user's instructions for use.Patent of invention as Chinese patent publication bulletin on January 10th, 2007: hybrid excitation voltage-stabilizing generator, application number: 200510044103.9, be made up of rotor, stator, front end housing, rear end cap, electronic controller, rotating shaft is provided with p-m rotor and electric excitation rotor, p-m rotor and electric excitation rotor share same armature winding, and the magnetic flux of generation is in magnetic circuit and be unified into; P-m rotor is cutting orientation structure, by pole shoe rotor core, form every magnetic lining, non-magnetic slot wedge and permanent magnetic material, permanent magnetic material is arranged in the groove of pole shoe rotor core by tangential direction and the relative mode of the identical polar surface of adjacent permanent magnetic material successively, and fix with non-magnetic slot wedge, pole shoe rotor core is fixed on magnetic lining, every magnetic bushing press-mounting in rotating shaft; Electricity excitation rotor is salient-pole structure, be made up of field spider iron core and electric excitation winding, the number of salient poles of field spider iron core is equal with the number of poles of tangential permanent magnetic rotor, and be all uniformly distributed along circle, corresponding one by one, the polarity that electricity excitation winding produces by the convex surface of salient pole after passing into direct current is N pole, the coiling successively of S pole rule separately, and the number of turn on each salient pole should be equal; Electricity excitation winding is connected with electronic controller by carbon brush, slip ring.This hybrid excitation voltage-stabilizing generator complex structure, cost is high, and its serviceability needs further improvement.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide one and can overcome above-mentioned defect, compact conformation, take up space little, the axial electric exciting brushless generator of safe and reliable automobile, its technology contents is:
The axial electric exciting brushless generator of the automobile be made up of electric excitation system, electricity generation system, rotor, front end housing, rear end cap, it is characterized in that: the quantity of electric excitation system is equal with the quantity of electricity generation system, electric excitation system and electricity generation system is spaced and to be all fixed by screws in rear end cap inner chamber circumferentially same;
Electricity excitation system is made up of electric excitation winding, electric excitation winding iron core, the first screw, electricity excitation winding iron core is fixed in the inner chamber of rear end cap by the first screw, electricity excitation winding is wrapped on the cylindrical of electric excitation winding iron core, and the mode that each electric excitation winding direction of winding is consistent, equal turn numbers, electric excitation winding to produce identical polar by electric excitation winding iron core after passing into direct current near one end of rear end cap connects DC power supply;
Electricity generation system is made up of armature winding, armature winding iron core, the second screw, armature winding iron core is fixed in the inner chamber of rear end cap by the second screw, armature winding is wrapped on the cylindrical of armature winding iron core, each armature winding direction of winding is consistent, equal turn numbers, the tail end of first armature winding connect second armature winding head end, the like, the head end of the tail end of last armature winding and first armature winding is as the voltage output end of automobile with axial electric exciting brushless generator;
Rotor is made up of rotor disk, axle, nut, rotor disk is flange plate type structure, periphery is provided with multiple rotor pole, the quantity of rotor pole equals the quantity of electric excitation winding iron core and the quantity sum of armature winding iron core, rotor disk is fixed on axle by nut, there is certain interval between the axial direction of rotor disk and electric excitation winding iron core, armature winding iron core, can relatively rotate.
Operation principle: magnetic flux by the N pole, one end of electric excitation winding iron core through air gap to a rotor pole again to another adjacent rotor pole, then through air gap, armature winding iron core, rear end cap to the other end of electric excitation winding iron core spole, forms closed-loop path, and engine is by V-belt drive electrical generators pulley rotation, belt pulley drives coaxial generator amature to rotate again, magnetic flux in armature winding iron core constantly changes, and makes armature winding produce electromotive force, provides electric energy to automobile electrical equipment.
Compared with prior art, rotor is flange plate structure, has not both had electric excitation winding in the present invention, also do not have permanent magnet, structure is simple, and moment of inertia is little, electricity excitation winding and electric excitation winding iron core are all fixed on commutator end bearing support bracket, non-carbonate slip ring structure, failure rate is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is A-A profile embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is B-B profile embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Embodiment
In figure: 1, electric excitation winding 2, first screw 3, electric excitation winding iron core 4, axle 5, second screw 6, armature winding iron core 7, armature winding 8, rear end cap 9, front end housing 10, rotor disk 11, nut
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
The axial electric exciting brushless generator of the automobile be made up of electric excitation system, electricity generation system, rotor, front end housing 9, rear end cap 8, it is characterized in that: the quantity of electric excitation system is equal with the quantity of electricity generation system, electric excitation system and electricity generation system is spaced and to be all fixed by screws in rear end cap 8 inner chamber circumferentially same;
Electricity excitation system is made up of electric excitation winding 1, electric excitation winding iron core 3, first screw 2, electricity excitation winding iron core 3 is fixed in the inner chamber of rear end cap 8 by the first screw 2, electricity excitation winding 1 is wrapped on the cylindrical of electric excitation winding iron core 3, and the mode that each electric excitation winding 1 direction of winding is consistent, equal turn numbers, electric excitation winding 1 to produce identical polar by electric excitation winding iron core 3 after passing into direct current near one end of rear end cap 8 connects DC power supply;
Electricity generation system is made up of armature winding 7, armature winding iron core 6, second screw 5, armature winding iron core 6 is fixed in the inner chamber of rear end cap 8 by the second screw 5, armature winding 7 is wrapped on the cylindrical of armature winding iron core 6, each armature winding 7 direction of winding is consistent, equal turn numbers, the tail end of first armature winding 7 connect second armature winding 7 head end, the like, the head end of the tail end of last armature winding 7 and first armature winding 7 is as the voltage output end of automobile with axial electric exciting brushless generator;
Rotor is made up of rotor disk 10, axle 4, nut 11, rotor disk 10 is flange plate type structure, periphery is provided with multiple rotor pole, the quantity of rotor pole equals the quantity of electric excitation winding iron core 3 and the quantity sum of armature winding iron core 6, rotor disk 10 is fixed on axle 4 by nut 11, there is certain interval between the axial direction of rotor disk 10 and electric excitation winding iron core 3, armature winding iron core 6, can relatively rotate.

Claims (1)

1. the axial electric exciting brushless generator of automobile, comprise electric excitation system, electricity generation system, rotor, front end housing (9), rear end cap (8), it is characterized in that: the quantity of electric excitation system is equal with the quantity of electricity generation system, electric excitation system and electricity generation system is spaced and to be all fixed by screws in rear end cap (8) inner chamber circumferentially same;
Electricity excitation system is made up of electric excitation winding (1), electric excitation winding iron core (3), the first screw (2), electricity excitation winding iron core (3) is fixed in the inner chamber of rear end cap (8) by the first screw (2), electricity excitation winding (1) is wrapped on the cylindrical of electric excitation winding iron core (3), each electric excitation winding (1) direction of winding is consistent, equal turn numbers, and the mode that electric excitation winding (1) produces identical polar by electric excitation winding iron core (3) after passing into direct current near one end of rear end cap (8) connects DC power supply;
Electricity generation system is by armature winding (7), armature winding iron core (6), second screw (5) forms, armature winding iron core (6) is fixed in the inner chamber of rear end cap (8) by the second screw (5), armature winding (7) is wrapped on the cylindrical of armature winding iron core (6), each armature winding (7) direction of winding is consistent, equal turn numbers, the tail end of first armature winding (7) connects the head end of second armature winding (7), the like, the tail end of last armature winding (7) and the head end of first armature winding (7) are as the voltage output end of automobile with axial electric exciting brushless generator,
Rotor is made up of rotor disk (10), axle (4), nut (11), rotor disk (10) is flange plate type structure, periphery is provided with multiple rotor pole, the quantity of rotor pole equals the quantity of electric excitation winding iron core (3) and the quantity sum of armature winding iron core (6), rotor disk (10) is fixed on axle (4) by nut (11), there is certain interval between the axial direction of rotor disk (10) and electric excitation winding iron core (3), armature winding iron core (6), can relatively rotate.
CN201310487779.XA 2013-10-15 2013-10-15 The axial electric exciting brushless generator of automobile Active CN103516160B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103516160B true CN103516160B (en) 2015-10-14

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1083277A (en) * 1992-07-22 1994-03-02 张居平 Electric generator with magnetically conducting differential rotor
CN1949637A (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-18 山东理工大学 Composite excitation synchronous generator
CN101958622A (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-26 上海电机学院 Electric excitation synchronous motor
CN103095086A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-05-08 江苏航天动力机电有限公司 Electro-magnetic doubly-salient high-speed motor
JP2013188095A (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-19 Aisin Aw Co Ltd Hybrid excitation dynamo-electric machine

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005151725A (en) * 2003-11-17 2005-06-09 Equos Research Co Ltd Axial gap rotary electric machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1083277A (en) * 1992-07-22 1994-03-02 张居平 Electric generator with magnetically conducting differential rotor
CN1949637A (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-18 山东理工大学 Composite excitation synchronous generator
CN101958622A (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-26 上海电机学院 Electric excitation synchronous motor
CN103095086A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-05-08 江苏航天动力机电有限公司 Electro-magnetic doubly-salient high-speed motor
JP2013188095A (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-19 Aisin Aw Co Ltd Hybrid excitation dynamo-electric machine

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Effective date of registration: 20180228

Address after: No. 9, Silver Maple Road, Shandong national high tech Industrial Development Zone, Weifang, Shandong

Patentee after: Weifang Wanlong Electric Limited by Share Ltd.

Address before: 255049 traffic school, No. 12 Zhang Zhou road, Zhangdian District, Shandong, Zibo

Patentee before: Zhang Xueyi

PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of invention: Axial electric excitation brushless generator applied to automobile

Effective date of registration: 20200330

Granted publication date: 20151014

Pledgee: Weifang rural commercial bank, Limited by Share Ltd hi tech sub branch

Pledgor: WEIFANG WANLONG ELECTRIC LLC

Registration number: Y2020980001180