CN103514722A - Piezoelectric effect based manhole cover safety monitoring system - Google Patents

Piezoelectric effect based manhole cover safety monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103514722A
CN103514722A CN201310499252.9A CN201310499252A CN103514722A CN 103514722 A CN103514722 A CN 103514722A CN 201310499252 A CN201310499252 A CN 201310499252A CN 103514722 A CN103514722 A CN 103514722A
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well lid
zigbee
alarm
module
signal
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CN201310499252.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李志�
韦鹏程
罗青青
邹晓兵
吴海霞
李宗建
占建
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李志�
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Abstract

The invention discloses a piezoelectric effect based manhole cover safety monitoring system which comprises an embedded gateway, a GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) module, a Web server and a ZigBee network module with manhole cover alarm devices, wherein the ZigBee network module with the manhole cover alarm devices is in signal connection with the embedded gateway, the embedded gateway is in signal connection with the GPRS module, the GPRS module is in signal connection with the Web server, the ZigBee network module with the manhole cover alarm devices comprises a plurality of manhole cover alarm devices, the manhole cover alarm devices are in signal connection with a ZigBee router, and the ZigBee router is in signal connection with a ZigBee coordinator. Each manhole cover alarm device comprises a ZigBee controller, an A/D collector, an embedded piezoelectric module, a self-alarm module and a sensor, wherein the A/D sensor, the embedded piezoelectric module, the self-alarm module and the sensor are respectively in signal connection with the ZigBee controller. The piezoelectric effect based manhole cover safety monitoring system has the benefits that a self-powered function and a self-alarm function are achiceved, and a distributed monitoring network system for a manhole cover is formed.

Description

A kind of well lid safety monitoring system based on piezoelectric effect
Technical field
The present invention relates to well lid safety technique field, especially a kind of well lid safety monitoring system based on piezoelectric effect.
Background technology
Add up according to investigations, in the general scale of China city, the annual stolen quantity of municipal well lid accounts for 1% left and right of whole Municipal well lid recoverable amount, and stolen well lid enormous amount causes municipal operation cost to increase; Well lid, in outdoor, stands External Force Acting for a long time, and the damage of easily breaking causes trap dangerous to vehicular traffic and pedestrian; If the not clear naughty alluvial that causes on time of sewer in addition, long-time accumulation forms biogas excessive concentration, easily brings out the hazard events such as biogas is poisoning, blast.The problem of these existence must try every possible means to solve.
Traditional manhole cover anti-theft technology is generally to design its anti-theft feature from mechanical configuration aspects, and owing to being subject to the impact of manufacturing technology and on-the-spot environment for use, final implementation result is bad, can not effectively prevent that pilferage behavior from occurring.On market, also there is employing electronic warning system, such as adopting the network technologies such as 3G, GPRS, ZigBee, well lid is carried out to security monitoring, but mostly use monotechnics, do not form Distributed Network Monitoring effect.
Even if some adopt distributed Network Monitoring System to well lid, its system power supply problem is also difficult to resolve certainly, and general employing be that highdensity lithium battery is powered or cable remote power-feeding nearby.But lithium battery moisture-sensitive is aging, power supply quality cannot guarantee, cable is easily destroyed, and sets up difficulty.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of well lid safety monitoring system based on piezoelectric effect, has overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, has from reporting to the police and self-powered function, forms distributed monitoring network, real-time exchange control signal.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of well lid safety monitoring system based on piezoelectric effect is provided, comprises:
Embedded gateway, described embedded gateway is for showing real-time status and the position data of well lid alarm;
GPRS module, described GPRS module is connected with embedded gateway signal, described GPRS module is for receiving warning message and the inspection shaft coded message that embedded gateway transmits, and be forwarded in the Web server with fixed ip address, realize uploading of alert data, above-mentioned warning message and inspection shaft coded message are sent to maintainer with note form simultaneously;
Web server, described Web server is connected with GPRS module by signal, and described Web server is for network information transfer; And
ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm, the described ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm is connected by signal with described embedded gateway, the described ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm changes for light intensity in Real-Time Monitoring well and gas concentration changes, and realizes network transmission.
Further, the ZigBee-network with well lid alarm, comprising:
Several well lid alarms, described several well lid alarms change for light intensity in Real-Time Monitoring well and gas concentration changes, and obtain warning message;
With the ZigBee router that well lid alarm signal is connected, described Zigbee router is for receiving and preserve warning message and the address information of well lid alarm and warning message being transferred to ZigBee telegon together; And
The ZigBee telegon being connected with ZigBee router signal, for the information of all well lid alarms of collection network and manage the node on networking, ZigBee telegon is connected with embedded gateway, and just its communication after processing to embedded gateway.
Further, well lid alarm comprises:
Sensor, described sensor is for detection of the light in well and gas concentration;
The A/D collector being connected with sensor, for receiving from the signal of sensor and the signal receiving being converted to digital signal;
The ZigBee controller being connected with A/D collector, for receiving from the digital signal of A/D collector and by the relatively rear output alarm control signal of the preset value arranging in digital signal and ZigBee controller;
Be connected with ZigBee controller from alarm module, describedly from alarm module, receive alarm control signal and send alerting signal;
The embedded piezo electric module being connected with ZigBee controller, is used to the power supply of ZigBee controller.
Further, sensor comprises gas sensor and light sensor.
Further, embedded piezo electric module comprises piezoelectric, rectification circuit, electronic switch, super capacitor, high density lithium battery and electric power management circuit, described piezoelectric is electrically connected to super capacitor by rectification circuit, and described super capacitor and high density lithium battery are electrically connected to electric power management circuit by electronic switch.
Further, electric power management circuit comprises:
The control circuit being connected with piezoelectric, for receiving the alternating current of piezoelectric generation and alternating current being converted into direct current;
The reduction voltage circuit being connected with control circuit, for receiving from the direct current of control circuit and direct current being converted to the voltage of 3.3v.
Further, piezoelectric is PZT-5 single-chip, adopts the mode that is connected in parallel between multilayer single-chip.
Further, light sensor adopts and looks quick type gallium arsenide phosphide photodiode.
Further, gas sensor adopts MH-440V/D infrared gas sensor.
Further, ZigBee controller is the SOC (system on a chip) CC2530 for IEEE 802.15.4 application.
beneficial effect of the present invention: a kind of well lid safety monitoring system based on piezoelectric effect, wherein, by being used in conjunction with of embedded piezo electric module and electric power management circuit, realized the hybrid power supply pattern based on piezoelectric effect, without connecing municipal administration power supply, there is self-powered function, easy for installation, reduce this entire system operation cost; On well lid alarm, by hummer and high-brightness LED are set, form from alarm module, have from warning function.By the ZigBee-network with well lid alarm, carry out the collection of well lid alerting signal, then signal is transferred to GPRS module, GPRS module is transferred to internet by Web server, finally can and there is SMS alarm function by internet checking, formed distributed monitoring network, there is alarm velocity fast, accurate positioning, the feature that various modes is reported to the police.
Accompanying drawing explanation
below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Fig. 1 is well lid safety monitoring system structured flowchart.
Fig. 2 is the topological diagram of ZigBee-network.
Fig. 3 is well lid alarm arrangement block diagram.
Fig. 4 is well lid alarm scheme of installation.
Fig. 5 is embedded piezo electric module structured flowchart
Fig. 6 is well lid safety monitoring system principle of work process flow diagram.
Mark in figure, 1 is well lid alarm, and 2 is ZigBee router, and 3 is ZigBee telegon, and 4 is well lid, and 5 is embedded piezo electric module, and 6 is sensor, and 7 is ZigBee controller, 8 is from alarm module.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, patent of the present invention is described further.
The technical scheme of patent of the present invention is contemplated that: adopt piezoelectric effect, on piezoelectric, apply the principle that certain pressure can produce electric charge.When vehicle rolls well lid, the piezoelectric that makes to be embedded in well lid produces deformation and then produces electric charge, and mechanical energy is converted into electric energy, adopts super capacitor to collect electric charge, and designing power supply management circuit is realized embedded piezo electric module energy supply.
The communication technology adopts ZigBee-network transmission alerting signal, and design embedded gateway supervising the network, sends alerting signal to well lid administrative authority in conjunction with GPRS module, adopts Web server storage data Long-distance Control.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of well lid safety monitoring system based on piezoelectric effect, comprises ZigBee-network module, embedded gateway, GPRS module and Web server with well lid alarm 1.ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm 1 is connected by signal with embedded gateway, and embedded gateway is connected by signal with GPRS module, and GPRS module is connected by signal with Web server.
This comprises well lid alarm 1, ZigBee router two and ZigBee telegon 3 with the ZigBee-network module of well lid alarm 1.Well lid alarm 1 is connected by wireless signal with ZigBee router two, and ZigBee router two is connected by wireless signal with ZigBee telegon 3.Well lid alarm 1 as terminal node, for gathering warning message, radios to warning message the ZigBee router two of periphery in this network; This ZigBee router two receives and preserves warning message, and the address information of well lid alarm 1 and warning message are transferred to ZigBee telegon 3 together; ZigBee telegon 3 is for the information of all well lid alarms 1 of collection network, and manages the node on networking, and ZigBee telegon 3 is connected with embedded gateway, and by the communication after processing to embedded gateway.
Serve as reasons several well lid alarms 1, ZigBee router two and ZigBee telegon 3 of this ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm 1 forms mixed type topology network architectures, take every road as unit disposes radio sensing network, adopt light pole or building side wall as the fixed pivot of ZigBee router two.Between each ZigBee router two, form fully connected topology, can realize long-distance transmissions by multi-hop communication, make monitoring effect not be subject to the impact of road length; Fully connected topology has formed redundancy route, has guaranteed the reliability of network data transmission.
The hardware chip of embedded gateway is the ARM11 series 6410 of Samsung, and software adopts QT design interface, for showing real-time status and the position data of well lid alarm 1; GPRS module is selected SIM900A module, for receiving warning message and the inspection shaft coded message that embedded gateway transmits, and be forwarded in the Web server with fixed ip address, realize uploading of alert data, above-mentioned warning message and inspection shaft coded message are sent to maintainer with note form simultaneously, remind related personnel's on-call maintenance and processing; Web server, as prior art, does not elaborate here.
The principle of work of this system: well lid alarm 1 is as the terminal monitoring node of data transmission, the address information of warning message and well lid alarm 1 is sent in embedded gateway by ZigBee router and ZigBee telegon together, the timely deal with data of embedded gateway display alarm position, then the data after processing are sent on the Web server of fixed ip address by the unification of GPRS module, user can inquire about actual time safety state and the geographic position of each well lid by Web server; GPRS module sends to maintainer by above-mentioned warning message and inspection shaft coded message with note form simultaneously, reminds related personnel's on-call maintenance and processing.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, this well lid alarm 1 comprise ZigBee controller 7, A/D collector, embedded piezo electric module 5, from alarm module 8 and sensor 6.This sensor 6 is integrated and is formed by light sensor and gas sensor, for gathering light signal and gas signal; Should by hummer and high-brightness LED lamp, be integrated and be formed from alarm module 8, hummer and high-brightness LED be respectively used to send sound and light alarm signal.The light sensor of sensor 6 and gas sensor detect light signal and the gas concentration signal in well in real time, and sensor 6 sends the signal collecting to A/D collector; The A/D collector in the future signal of autobiography sensor 6 is converted to digital signal and will obtains digital signal transfers to ZigBee controller 7; ZigBee controller 7 receives the digital signal from A/D collector, and when the digital signal receiving is during higher than preset value in ZigBee controller 7,7 outputs of ZigBee controller start alarm control signals; Hummer and high-brightness LED receive the startup alarm control signal from ZigBee controller 7, and hummer sends chimes of doom, and high-brightness LED is luminous.Meanwhile, embedded piezo electric module 5 connects Zigbee controller 7 by wire, for power supply.
As optimal way, this Zigbee controller 7 adopts TI companies to produce, and for the SOC (system on a chip) CC2530 of IEEE 802.15.4 application, the inner integrated radiofrequency launcher that is operated in 2.4GHz, has the 8051MCU kernel of low-power consumption.Light sensor adopts and looks quick type gallium arsenide phosphide photodiode, and photodiode is applicable to visible-range, infrared light full cut-off, and spectrum curve is similar to human eye, and dark state electric current is extremely low; Life-span is long, and reliability is high.Whether gas sensor adopts MH-440V/D infrared gas sensor, for detection of sewer biogas, exceed standard.
The embedding piezoelectric type module 5 of this well lid alarm 1 is arranged between well lid 4 and ground, sensor 6, ZigBee controller 7 and from alarm module 8 concentrated settings below well lid 4.ZigBee controller 7 is in dormant state at ordinary times.By sensor 6 image data, when having abnormal conditions to occur, wake ZigBee controller 7 up, ZigBee controller 7 is controlled from alarm module 8 and is realized from warning function, by communication to ZigBee-network.
The principle of work of this well lid alarm 1 is: when vehicle and pedestrian roll well lid 4, embedded piezo electric module 5 can generation current due to piezoelectric effect, be that ZigBee controller 7 is powered then.When opening well lid 4, be arranged on the light sensor sensing light in the sensor 6 of well lid 4 belows, send alerting signal to the ZigBee router two of periphery; When well lid 4 below biogas are when higher, the gas sensor perception concentration in sensor 6, sends alerting signal to the ZigBee router two of periphery.After inspection well cover damages or be stolen, visible ray enters after inspection shaft, and light sensor sends warning message by waking inspection shaft monitoring means up.After there is the stolen situation of well lid 4, ZigBee controller 7 output signals, control the alarm sound that hummer produces high-decibel, output signal is controlled the constantly high high light of flicker of high-brightness LED lamp simultaneously, thereby realizes the warning of stealer and remind pedestrian's effect that danger.
As shown in Figure 5, this embedded piezo electric module 5 comprises piezoelectric, rectification circuit, super capacitor, high density lithium battery, electric power management circuit and electronic switch.Piezoelectric is electrically connected to super capacitor by rectification circuit, and super capacitor and high density lithium battery are electrically connected to electric power management circuit by electronic switch.
As optimal way, piezoelectric is selected PZT-5 single-chip, and adopts single-chip connected mode parallel with one another, is positioned over well lid and contact position, ground.Utilize vehicle and pedestrian to roll well lid 4, this embedded piezo electric module 5 generation electric energy that is stressed, is 7 power supplies of ZigBee controller.Electric power management circuit comprises control circuit and reduction voltage circuit, described control circuit is electrically connected to reduction voltage circuit, control circuit adopts LTC3588, a low-power chip designing for high impedance sources such as piezoelectric sensors specially, by the high voltage of piezoelectric output, lower powered alternating current is converted into direct current.Reduction voltage circuit adopts the step-down chip MAX666 that leakage current is less to form, and output voltage is transferred to the 3.3V of single-chip microcomputer needs.Control circuit is mainly responsible for carrying out the switching of hybrid power supply, adopts the electronic switch chip ADG801 of low-power consumption to realize.Super capacitor, as prior art, is not described in detail herein.
The principle of work of this embedded piezo electric module 5 is: the larger voltage of piezoelectric output, and the ac signal of small electric stream, by storing after rectification, storage medium is selected super capacitor, and amount of capacity is 1.5F.Between piezoelectric and super capacitor, by rectification circuit, connect.Super capacitor and high density lithium battery adopt electronic switch and electric power management circuit to select to be connected, when above super capacitor, voltage is higher than operating voltage, electronic switch is selected the super capacitor output of powering, when super capacitor voltage is during lower than operating voltage, switch is selected the lithium battery output of powering.
As shown in Figure 6, the principle of work process flow diagram of this well lid safety monitoring system: for reaching power saving effect, this well lid alarm 1 is initially located in sleep state.When any two kinds of situations occur, can wake well lid alarm 1 up, the first situation: when well lid 4 being detected by perk, light suddenlys change to maximum value from smaller value, wakes well lid alarm 1 up; The second situation, after biogas concentration over-standard, wakes well lid alarm 1 up.Well lid alarm 1 reads well lid id information and alerting signal, by ZigBee-network, well lid id information and alerting signal are sent to embedded gateway, embedded gateway receives after relevant information, by GPRS module, relevant information is sent to above the Web server of fixed ip address, send alarming short message to related personnel simultaneously.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the well lid safety monitoring system based on piezoelectric effect, comprises:
Embedded gateway, described embedded gateway is for showing real-time status and the position data of well lid alarm;
GPRS module, described GPRS module is connected with embedded gateway signal, described GPRS module is for receiving warning message and the inspection shaft coded message that embedded gateway transmits, and be forwarded in the Web server with fixed ip address, realize uploading of alert data, above-mentioned warning message and inspection shaft coded message are sent to maintainer with note form simultaneously; And
Web server, described Web server is connected with GPRS module by signal, and described Web server is used for network information transfer,
It is characterized in that: also comprise the ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm, the described ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm is connected by signal with described embedded gateway, the described ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm changes for light intensity in Real-Time Monitoring well and gas concentration changes, and realizes network transmission.
2. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described ZigBee-network module with well lid alarm, comprising:
Several well lid alarms, described well lid alarm changes for light intensity in Real-Time Monitoring well and gas concentration changes, and obtains warning message;
With the ZigBee router that well lid alarm signal is connected, described Zigbee router is for receiving and preserve warning message and the address information of well lid alarm and warning message being transferred to ZigBee telegon together; And
The ZigBee telegon being connected with ZigBee router signal, for the information of all well lid alarms of collection network and manage the node on networking, ZigBee telegon is connected with embedded gateway, and by the communication after processing to embedded gateway.
3. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described well lid alarm comprises:
Sensor, described sensor is for detection of the light in well and gas concentration;
The A/D collector being connected with sensor, for receiving from the signal of sensor and the signal receiving being converted to digital signal;
The ZigBee controller being connected with A/D collector, for receiving from the digital signal of A/D collector and by the relatively rear output alarm control signal of the preset value arranging in digital signal and ZigBee controller;
Be connected with ZigBee controller from alarm module, describedly from alarm module, receive the concurrent visual alarm of speaking of alarm control signal;
The embedded piezo electric module being connected with ZigBee controller, is used to the power supply of ZigBee controller.
4. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described sensor comprises gas sensor and light sensor.
5. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described embedded piezo electric module comprises piezoelectric, rectification circuit, electronic switch, super capacitor, high density lithium battery and electric power management circuit, described piezoelectric is electrically connected to super capacitor by rectification circuit, and described super capacitor and high density lithium battery are electrically connected to electric power management circuit by electronic switch.
6. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described electric power management circuit comprises:
The control circuit being connected with piezoelectric, for receiving the alternating current of piezoelectric generation and alternating current being converted into direct current;
The reduction voltage circuit being connected with control circuit, for receiving from the direct current of control circuit and direct current being converted to the voltage of 3.3V.
7. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described piezoelectric is PZT-5 single-chip, between a plurality of single-chips, adopt the mode that is connected in parallel.
8. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described light sensor adopts looks quick type gallium arsenide phosphide photodiode.
9. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described gas sensor adopts MH-440V/D infrared gas sensor.
10. according to well lid safety monitoring system claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described ZigBee controller is the SOC (system on a chip) CC2530 for IEEE 802.15.4 application.
CN201310499252.9A 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Piezoelectric effect based manhole cover safety monitoring system Pending CN103514722A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103729954A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-16 广州广日电气设备有限公司 Self-powered manhole cover monitoring method and system
CN103914936A (en) * 2014-03-12 2014-07-09 宁波五百年物联网信息科技有限公司 Intelligent cloud well lid
CN104375495A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-02-25 重庆厚齐科技有限公司 City drainage channel methane concentration cluster-type monitoring system
CN104515547A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-15 北京航天易联科技发展有限公司 Intelligent well lid detecting card
CN105023375A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-11-04 武汉理工光科股份有限公司 Intelligent manhole cover with function of pressure power generation
CN106248611A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-12-21 武汉理工大学 A kind of sewer flammable explosive gas concentration detection apparatus powered based on piezoelectric type
CN106297112A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 张家港市华扬冶金机械有限公司 A kind of well lid is uncapped alarm method

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CN202904858U (en) * 2012-10-30 2013-04-24 深圳市首航通信有限公司 Methane detection system of manhole cover
CN203165128U (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-28 成都技高科技有限公司 Municipal well lid monitoring node
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103729954A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-16 广州广日电气设备有限公司 Self-powered manhole cover monitoring method and system
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CN104375495A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-02-25 重庆厚齐科技有限公司 City drainage channel methane concentration cluster-type monitoring system
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CN105023375A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-11-04 武汉理工光科股份有限公司 Intelligent manhole cover with function of pressure power generation
CN106248611A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-12-21 武汉理工大学 A kind of sewer flammable explosive gas concentration detection apparatus powered based on piezoelectric type
CN106297112A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 张家港市华扬冶金机械有限公司 A kind of well lid is uncapped alarm method

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Application publication date: 20140115