CN103514641A - Intelligent parking lot management system and management method - Google Patents

Intelligent parking lot management system and management method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103514641A
CN103514641A CN201210208381.3A CN201210208381A CN103514641A CN 103514641 A CN103514641 A CN 103514641A CN 201210208381 A CN201210208381 A CN 201210208381A CN 103514641 A CN103514641 A CN 103514641A
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China
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wireless
data
client
intelligent
parking stall
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CN201210208381.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103514641B (en
Inventor
陈国章
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余姚市精诚高新技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201210208381.3A priority Critical patent/CN103514641B/en
Publication of CN103514641A publication Critical patent/CN103514641A/en
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Publication of CN103514641B publication Critical patent/CN103514641B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an intelligent parking lot management system which comprises an entrance and exit management and charging system, a location and navigation system, a parking stall control system, a data communication system, a data service system, an administrative client system and a network function service system. The invention also provides an intelligent parking lot management method which comprises car entrance/exit management, client return and car-search management and car location and navigation methods. According to the invention, intelligent parking lot management automation can be realized, and a parking lot can be managed highly efficiently and accurately. Thus, costs of manpower and material resources are saved greatly.

Description

A kind of Intelligent parking lot management system and management method

Technical field

The present invention relates to parking lot management field, relate more specifically to a kind of Intelligent parking lot management system; And a kind of vehicle positioning and navigation of intelligent parking lot, the management method that admission/appearance and client give an encore and pick up the car.

Background technology

Parking is the problem that all must face an every day for the driver in city, due to the ground at urban place, narrow people is thick, so land area relative also with regard to aobvious an inch of land is an inch of gold, the parking spot that can provide is also limited, but effectively use and safeguard traffic order for reaching space, so the operation in parking lot is along with scientific and technological progress, developing and improving gradually, by the improvement of the hardware facility for parking lot, the manpower management pattern of prior art is also evolved gradually as part automatic management pattern.Existing parking lot management pattern is for reaching scientific and technological management and meeting economic benefit, slow, is directed to slowly robotization (unmanned) management mode, has also proposed to need many improvement for inner part of parking lot simultaneously, for example:

1. adopt temperature-sensitive barcode technology, on ticket, be printed on the data such as the time of marching into the arena, date, do not need with manually opening document;

2.Ge gateway also possesses the function working alone, and system reliability also increases;

3. each system of while has the communication interface of international standard, as realized with other shutdown systems the function that single authentication card all can be general;

4. drawing machine also can be used heat-sensitive paper to draw a bill, and need not change paper tape or ink, can effectively reduce costs etc. the improvement in function.

Above-mentioned these designs, parking system of the prior art is had advantages of to be reduced costs, and improved the security of parking system, the simultaneously also unmanned requirement that meets robotization slowly, and the individual demand for different parking lots, known technology also has the application of arranging in pairs or groups of plurality of devices and element, can reach the function of charge and access and exit control, and achievement all significantly and good.

But the parking lot of prior art also rests on semi-automatic state, vehicle enters behind parking lot, need human pilot oneself to look for parking stall, especially compare great parking lot, there is wherein empty parking space, supvr is not necessarily clear, driver often sails parking lot into around for a long time can not find parking stall, and also have once in a while because fight for the contradiction controversial issue that cause parking stall, the while of losing time so is also being wasted resource, when parking client anxiety can not find parking stall, likely corner empty parking space is leaving unused always somewhere.So how efficient, accurately parking lot is managed, to parking, client guides, and meets parking lot simultaneously and reach automatic management, and the requirement using manpower and material resources sparingly, is prior art problem demanding prompt solution.

Summary of the invention

An object of the present invention is cannot realize the problems such as full automatic efficient management for solving above-mentioned existing parking lot, a kind of high efficiency full automatic Intelligent parking lot management system and management method are provided.For overcoming the defect of prior art:

A category of the present invention is to provide a kind of Intelligent parking lot management system, comprises and imports and exports management and Fare Collection System; Also comprise

Location and navigational system, parking stall control system, data communication system, data service system; Described import and export management and Fare Collection System, location and navigational system, parking stall control system, is connected with data communication system by data-signal and electric signal, and data communication system is connected with data service system by data-signal and electric signal.

Further, the customer type of described intelligent parking lot can comprise

There is the fixedly VIP client of parking stall;

The interim client of temporary parking;

Preengage the reservation client of parking stall on the net.

Further, described import and export management and Fare Collection System include port system equipment, outlet system equipment, Fare Collection System equipment and Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment; Described entrance system equipment comprises entrance ballot box, entrance banister, entrance ground sense (entrance earth induction); Described outlet system equipment comprises outlet ballot box, outlet banister, export place sense (export place magnetic induction); Described Fare Collection System equipment comprises charging terminal, self-service payment terminal; Described entrance ballot box and Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment are positioned at before entrance banister, and described outlet ballot box and charging terminal are positioned at before outlet banister; Self-service payment terminal can be deployed in correct position in parking lot;

Described location and navigational system comprise intelligent wireless locator card, wireless location base station, and wireless location telegon, navigation LED display, oppositely seeks car guiding machine, and engine of positioning; Described intelligent wireless locator card is connected with wireless location base station and wireless location telegon by wireless signal, carries out communication and location, thereby determines the position of intelligent wireless locator card; Described wireless location base station is more than 4, and every 4 wireless location base stations form a locating area; Described wireless location telegon is more than 1, and each locating area is established a wireless location telegon; By wireless location base station and wireless location telegon, realize location and the navigation feature of vehicle in parking lot; Described navigation LED display is positioned at passage top or passage infall; The described car guiding machine of oppositely seeking is arranged on client porch, by data-signal, is connected with data communication system, when client returns to parking lot and picks up the car, can find by oppositely seeking car guiding machine the parking stall of oneself; Described engine of positioning can calculate the coordinate figure of intelligent wireless locator card;

Described parking stall control system comprises berth lock, parking lot detector, and parking stall pilot lamp; Described berth lock is positioned at each rearward position, middle part, parking stall, and berth lock comprises wireless communication interface, and this wireless communication interface is connected with data communication system by data-signal; Described parking stall control system receives the order from data service system, controls berth lock; Whether described parking lot detector, by data communication system, will have the state of car to upload to data service system; Described parking stall pilot lamp comprises display device, wireless communication interface, and this wireless communication interface carries out data interaction by data-signal and berth lock;

Described data communication system is comprised of Communication Gateway, and described Communication Gateway can be arranged on the ceiling in parking lot, and it connects cable data network, and/or has wireless data signal receiving trap and dispensing device; Described data communication system receives data or the order of data service system and these data or order is sent to target device by wireless signal from network communication interface;

Described data service system comprises main processing block, data communication module, shortest path first module, real-time navigation algoritic module, parking stall allocation algorithm module; Described data communication module, shortest path first module, real-time navigation algoritic module, parking stall allocation algorithm module are connected with main processing block by data-signal; Described data service system possesses network communication interface, can with system in each equipment carry out data communication, can be to the data analysis from equipment, processing and calculating, and result is according to circumstances pushed to the modules of system.

Further, comprise managing customer end system, it possesses patterned human-computer interaction interface, realizes the daily management to system, policer operation in real time, and be connected with data communication system by data-signal and electric signal; Described managing customer end system comprises management function module, real-time monitoring module, information command module; Described real-time monitoring module is connected with management function module by data-signal with information command module.

For managing customer end system:

The function of described management function module comprises:

Import and press system requirements and process the cad file in parking lot;

Add various device, the various attributes of editing equipment, are placed in the assigned address on the map of parking lot by equipment;

Management intelligent wireless locator card, the various information of adding, deleting and editing intelligent wireless locator card;

Realize generation, inquiry and the printing of various forms;

Importing and exporting and backup operation of database;

The function of described real-time monitoring module comprises:

Abnormal and the alarm of equipment in real-time monitoring system;

The positional information that shows vehicle in parking lot in patterned mode;

The graphic user interface of opertaing device is provided.

Further, comprise network function service system, comprising: network parking lot display module, road bootstrap module, real-time parking condition module, open ground, parking lot module, the reservation module of stopping, by data communication system, the data-signal by network delivery is connected with data service system described network function service system, support client by computer in network or smart mobile phone reservation parking stall, client can access website, parking lot by web browser, network function service system is obtained the parking stall situation in parking lot and is presented at webpage from data service system, client can be according to the parking stall of the vacant parking stall situation reservation showing oneself, the reservation parking space information that client submits to reaches data service system by described network function service system, data service system can retain parking stall for client in system.

Again further, for importing and exporting management and Fare Collection System:

Described entrance system equipment also comprises entrance wireless location base station; This entrance wireless location base station is arranged on porch, possess cable network communication interface and wireless communication interface, can receive the order from data service system, and can carry out wireless data communication with intelligent wireless locator card, play the effect of wake on wireless intelligence locator card;

Described outlet system equipment also comprises outlet wireless location base station; This outlet wireless location base station is arranged on exit, possess cable network communication interface and wireless communication interface, can receive the order from data service system, and can carry out wireless data communication with intelligent wireless locator card, play the effect of intelligent wireless locator card being brought into park mode;

Described charging terminal possesses network communication function, can be arranged on outlet wireless location base station, or near the charging sentry box in ,Huo exit, outlet wireless location base station, the Time Calculation vehicle passing in and out according to the client actual residence time inside, in conjunction with charging policy, user is charged; Described charging terminal can be computer, and the running environment of this charging terminal can be Windows operating system;

Described entrance banister and outlet banister are arranged on respectively on entrance lane and exit lane, play and stop or the effect of clearance vehicle;

Described entrance ballot box is arranged near entrance banister, and automatic card mechanism is equipped with in entrance ballot box inside, and an intelligent wireless locator card can spue during by the button of lower inlet ballot box interim client; Entrance ballot box also has touch-screen and LED display, and an intelligent wireless locator card can spue when reservation client inputs reservation number by touch-screen; Meanwhile, entrance ballot box also has network communication interface, can will tell card event transfer to data service system;

Described outlet ballot box is arranged near outlet banister, has network communication interface, and this outlet ballot box can reclaim intelligent wireless locator card when interim client rolls parking lot away from reservation client.

Again further, for location and navigational system:

Ultra broadband UWB wireless location mode can be used in described intelligent wireless locator card and wireless location base station;

Described wireless location base station deployment is at inner part of parking lot, and its quantity can be set according to area and the landform in parking lot, and its wireless signal can cover parking lot, and can with parking lot in intelligent wireless locator card carry out bidirectional data interaction;

Described wireless location telegon is arranged on inner part of parking lot, can coordinate the intelligent wireless locator card in locating area, prevent wireless signal conflict, described wireless location telegon disposes network interface, the locator data of intelligent wireless locator card can be uploaded to data service system by network and carry out position calculation;

Described navigation LED display has network communication interface, can receive the data from data service system, and navigation information that can roll display vehicle;

The described car guiding machine of oppositely seeking is furnished with smart card reader, and color LED demonstration touch-screen, can show parking lot map, to user, provides patterned navigation operation interface; And possesses network communication interface, can carry out communication with data service system, client's guiding request is sent to data service system, and the shortest path that data service system is calculated is presented in the map of parking lot for referencely, the quantity of described vectoring aircraft can be set according to the actual conditions in parking lot;

Described engine of positioning receives the locator data of the intelligent wireless locator card of wireless location telegon transmission, calculate the coordinate figure of intelligent wireless locator card, and this coordinate figure is transferred to managing customer end system carry out figure demonstration, make Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of vehicle in parking lot.

Again further, for parking stall control system:

Described berth lock, according to the order from data service system receiving, lifts or puts down; When berth lock lifts, vehicle cannot sail parking stall into; Only have when berth lock puts down, vehicle can sail parking stall into; If while having vehicle to knock by force berth lock down to sail parking stall into, berth lock can give the alarm automatically, and under automatic pouring in case stop loss bad vehicle;

Described parking lot detector is arranged on the middle part of each parking stall, utilizes the variation of surrounding magnetic field to come on perception parking stall, whether there is car;

Described parking stall pilot lamp is arranged on each top, parking stall, with different colors, shows on parking stall whether have car; When vehicle approaching parking stall, berth lock automatic releasing lower time, can automatically glimmer to point out user.

Again further, for data service system:

Various real time datas in described data service system collection system, are distributed to managing customer end system; Process parking stall inquiry request and parking stall reserve requests from network function service system simultaneously;

The data communication of various device in described data communication module realization and system, correct assembling, analyzing device communications protocol, be responsible for sending the data from upper layer application to equipment, and will after the Data Analysis from equipment, be pushed to upper layer application;

Described shortest path first module is calculated in parking lot correct shortest path between any two points by GIS Geographic Information System;

Described real-time navigation algoritic module calculates vehicle at the direction information of intersection by GIS Geographic Information System, thereby guided vehicle approaching is specified parking stall;

Described parking stall allocation algorithm module realizes the distribution of vehicle parking stall; For temporary parking client, when client obtains intelligent wireless locator card from entrance ballot box, carry the information to data service system, data service system distributes Yi Ge parking stall to sending a car from the vacant parking stall of system according to parking stall allocation strategy by described parking stall allocation algorithm module, system directs is sent a car to distributed parking stall afterwards.

Another category of the present invention is to provide a kind of vehicle positioning method of intelligent parking lot, comprises step:

(1) wake command that intelligent wireless locator card monitoring system is sent; When receiving wake command, from dormant state, wake up, and mode of operation is switched to location mode of operation by low power mode of operation;

(2) in the mode of operation of location, intelligent wireless locator card is monitored the wireless exploration signal that in network, wireless location telegon sends;

(3) judge whether intelligent wireless locator card receives this wireless exploration signal, if so, execution step (4); Otherwise return to step (1);

(4) intelligent wireless locator card is received after wireless exploration signal, to wireless location telegon, sends back-signalling;

(5) judge whether intelligent wireless locator card receives the location dispatch command that wireless location telegon sends, if so, execution step (6); Otherwise continue execution step (5);

(6) positioning chip on intelligent wireless locator card is according to the location dispatch command that receives, sends positioning signal successively find range under the coordination of wireless location telegon to each the wireless location base station in current locating area;

(7) receive successively the positioning signal feedback of each wireless location base station in current locating area, thereby obtain locator data;

(8) judge whether to receive the positioning signal feedback of all wireless location base station in current locating area, if so, execution step (9); Otherwise return to step (5);

(9) position fixing process is complete, and intelligent wireless locator card is transferred to wireless location telegon by described locator data;

(10) wireless location telegon transfers to data service system by the locator data of intelligent wireless locator card by network interface, and data service system is received after locator data, and this locator data is uploaded and delivered to engine of positioning, calculates;

(11) engine of positioning calculates the coordinate figure of intelligent wireless locator card according to locator data, transmits it to managing customer end system and carries out figure demonstration, makes Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of the interior vehicle of showing up.

Further, the customer type of described intelligent parking lot comprises:

There is the fixedly VIP client of parking stall;

The interim client of temporary parking;

Preengage the reservation client of parking stall on the net.

Another category of the present invention is to provide a kind of vehicle entrance management method of intelligent parking lot, comprises the following steps:

(1) client vehicles approaching parking lot;

(2), according to different customer types, carry out admission initialization operation;

Described customer type belongs to one of following three kinds:

A. there is the fixedly VIP client of parking stall;

B. the interim client of temporary parking;

C. preengage the reservation client of parking stall on the net;

(3) notice access device lifts entrance banister clearance vehicle;

(4) vehicle admission;

(5) when vehicle travels in parking lot, intelligent wireless locator card and wireless localization apparatus communication, and start position fixing process with wireless location base station around;

(6) calculate the real time position of intelligent wireless locator card;

(7) monitoring judges the vehicle Nei intersection, nearly parking lot of whether travelling; If so, perform step (8); Otherwise execution step (10);

(8) calculate vehicle in the travel direction of intersection;

(9) travel direction information is passed to navigation LED display;

(10) according to the distance of the position judgment of intelligent wireless locator card on vehicle itself and target parking stall;

(11) monitoring judges whether the current location of intelligent wireless locator card on vehicle and the distance of client's target parking stall are less than a distance threshold; Described distance threshold can be 10 meters; If so, perform step (12); Otherwise return to step (5);

(12) system is sent instruction to the berth lock of target parking stall, notifies this berth lock to put down;

(13) client sails the parking of target parking stall into, and navigation finishes.

Further, for step (2), described admission initialization operation comprises:

A. for there being the fixedly VIP client of parking stall, its vip card of being furnished with is intelligent wireless locator card, access device can detect vip card, chip on vip card senses the wake-up signal that entrance locating base station is sent, card switches to location mode of operation from low power mode of operation, send back-signalling, and received by entrance locating base station, data are passed to data service system by data communication system, data service system identifies vip card, interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, obtains this VIP client's fixedly parking space information;

B. for the interim client of temporary parking, it is button card taking on access device, the access device intelligent wireless locator card that can spue; Interim client holds and swipes the card in the card reader of access device, and interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, and the event of swiping the card and car plate photo and the number-plate number are passed to data service system by data communication system; System can be distributed Yi Ge parking stall for this interim client according to shortest path first; Send instruction to entrance locating base station, locating base station is sent wake-up signal, and card switches to location mode of operation from low power mode of operation;

C. for the reservation client who has preengage parking stall on the net, because this reservation client is in advance with computer or mobile phone login predetermined Liao Yige parking stall, website, parking lot, and the system that the obtains reservation number of sending; Therefore, reservation client input and preengages number on access device, the access device intelligent wireless locator card that can spue; Reservation client holds and swipes the card in the card reader of access device, interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, and the reservation number of the event of swiping the card and car plate photo and the number-plate number and reservation client input is passed to data service system by data communication system; System can be obtained the parking stall of preengaging before reservation client; Send instruction to entrance locating base station, locating base station is sent wake-up signal, and card switches to location mode of operation from low power mode of operation.

Further, step (5) comprises the following steps:

Intelligent wireless locator card is monitored the wireless exploration signal that in network, wireless location telegon sends;

Intelligent wireless locator card, after receiving this wireless exploration signal, sends back-signalling to wireless location telegon;

Wireless location telegon joins this intelligent wireless locator card in the card list of oneself, and fixes digit time slot for this intelligent wireless locator card, in this localization time slot, to this intelligent wireless locator card, sends location dispatch command;

When intelligent wireless locator card, receive after the dispatch command of location, start to position with the wireless location base station of wireless location telegon arrangement successively.

Further in , parking lot, every a segment distance, a wireless location base station is set, every 4 wireless location base stations form a locating area, and a wireless location telegon is set in this locating area;

When vehicle sails a certain locating area into, positioning chip on intelligent wireless locator card is according to the location dispatch command receiving, and sends positioning signal successively find range under the coordination of wireless location telegon to each the wireless location base station in this locating area;

Intelligent wireless locator card receives the positioning signal feedback of each wireless location base station successively, thereby obtains locator data;

Until receive the positioning signal feedback of all wireless location base station in current locating area, thereby record the locator data of all wireless location base station in current locating area.

Further, step (6) comprises the following steps:

In recording current locating area, after the locator data of all wireless location base station, intelligent wireless locator card is returned to wireless location telegon by described locator data;

Wireless location telegon transfers to data service system by the locator data of this intelligent wireless locator card by network interface, and data service system is received after locator data, and described locator data is uploaded and delivered to engine of positioning, calculates;

Engine of positioning transfers to managing customer end system by the coordinate figure of the intelligent wireless locator card calculating and carries out figure demonstration, makes Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of the interior vehicle of showing up.

Further, step (8) comprises the following steps:

When monitoring Vehicle Driving Cycle near fixed range intersection in parking lot time, according to the coordinate figure of the current location of intelligent wireless locator card on vehicle and client's target parking stall, calculate vehicle in the travel direction of intersection; Described fixed range can be 10 meters to 15 meters.

Another category of the present invention is to provide a kind of management method of intelligent parking lot, comprises the vehicle entrance management method of above-mentioned intelligent parking lot; Also comprise client's management of picking up the car of giving an encore, and the vehicle management that appears on the scene;

Described client gives an encore to pick up the car to manage and comprises:

When client returns to parking lot and picks up the car, first swipe the card oppositely seeking on car guiding machine, oppositely seek the card number that car guiding machine obtains intelligent wireless locator card, to data service system, send request, the card number that data service system basis is oppositely sought car guiding machine to be provided finds the parking stall before this card, and calculate from oppositely seeking car guiding machine current location to the shortest path client parking stall, the data of shortest path are reached to this and oppositely seek car guiding machine, oppositely seek on the map that car guiding machine is presented at shortest path in parking lot for client's reference, client oppositely seeks by what be arranged on client porch the parking stall that car guiding machine finds oneself,

Described vehicle appears on the scene to manage and comprises:

For VIP client, outlet device detects VIP client at a distance, automatically opens a sluice gate to let pass, and realizes VIP client's the appearance of not stopping; For interim client and reservation client, at outlet device place, hold intelligent wireless locator card and pay the fees and leave the theatre.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is: by Intelligent parking lot management system of the present invention and management method, can realize the automatic admission of vehicle, Navigation and localization, gives an encore and appear on the scene management; Can to parking lot, manage more efficiently and accurately, to parking, client guides automatically, make parking lot reach the robotization of management simultaneously, use manpower and material resources sparingly, reduced the handling cost of parking system, the security that has improved again parking system simultaneously.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the functional block diagram of Intelligent parking lot management system;

Fig. 2 is Intelligent parking lot system topological diagram;

Fig. 3 is intelligent parking lot wireless location system topological diagram;

Fig. 4 is the administrative client system architecture diagram of Intelligent parking lot management system;

Fig. 5 is the network function service system Organization Chart of Intelligent parking lot management system;

Fig. 6 is the vehicle positioning method process flow diagram of one embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 is the VIP client vehicles entrance management method flow diagram of one embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 8 is the interim client vehicles entrance management method flow diagram of one embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 9 is the reservation client vehicles entrance management method flow diagram of one embodiment of the invention;

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with embodiments of the invention and accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment, and not as a limitation of the invention.Embodiment based in the present invention, those of ordinary skills, not making the every other embodiment obtaining under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

embodiment 1:

Fig. 1 shows each functional module of Intelligent parking lot management system

This system comprises parking stall, passage, and following functional module:

1. import and export management and Fare Collection System;

2. locate and navigational system;

3. parking stall control system;

4. data communication system;

5. data service system;

6. managing customer end system;

7. network function service system;

Annexation between functional module is as follows:

Import and export management and Fare Collection System, location and navigational system, parking stall control system, administrative client System and Network function services system, is connected with data communication system by data-signal and electric signal; Data communication system is connected with data service system by data-signal and electric signal.

Fig. 2 shows the system topology of intelligent parking lot

Web server is the server of website, parking lot, after fire wall and router, receives on the Internet, and user can pass through the WAP client of mobile phone or the Web client of computer, by website, access to the Internet parking lot, carries out the services such as parking stall reservation.

Application server, database and administrative client are deployed in LAN (Local Area Network), can be deployed on same machine to be also deployed on different machines, other the network equipment (wireless location telegon in system, wireless location base station, gtw gprs, access device, outlet device, self-help charger, navigation LED display ,LED parking stall display screen, oppositely seeks car guiding machine, geomagnetic parking stall detector and intelligent space lock etc.) be all connected in LAN (Local Area Network), by LAN (Local Area Network), carry out data interaction.

Between intelligent wireless locator card (smart card) and wireless location base station, between intelligent space lock and gtw gprs, and the mode that all adopts wireless telecommunications between geomagnetic parking stall detector and gtw gprs, reduce to greatest extent system wiring cost.

Each functional module of Intelligent parking lot management system will be introduced in detail below

1. import and export management and Fare Collection System

Import and export the chief component of management and Fare Collection System:

(1) entrance system equipment, comprises entrance ballot box, entrance banister, entrance ground sense (entrance earth induction), entrance locating base station etc.

(2) outlet system equipment, comprises outlet ballot box, outlet banister, export place sense (entrance earth induction), outlet locating base station etc.

(3) Fare Collection System equipment (charging terminal, self-service payment terminal).

(4) Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment.

Entrance ballot box and Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment are positioned at before entrance banister, and outlet ballot box and charging terminal are positioned at before outlet banister.

Fare Collection System equipment comprises charging terminal and self-service payment terminal, and described charging terminal can be arranged in outlet locating base station, charging function when charging terminal is mainly realized vehicle appearance; Described self-service payment terminal can be deployed in correct position in parking lot.

Entrance ballot box

Be arranged on entrance banister side, automatic card mechanism is equipped with in the inside, and interim client presses the button of ballot box, the ballot box intelligent wireless locator card that can spue; Ballot box has touch-screen and LED display, and reservation client can input reservation number by touch-screen, and the ballot box intelligent wireless locator card that spues, possesses network interface, can will tell the event transfers such as card to data service system.

Banister

Be arranged on the track of inlet/outlet, play and stop or the effect of clearance vehicle.

Entrance locating base station

Be arranged on porch, possess cable network communication interface and wireless communication interface, can receive the order from data service system, can carry out wireless data communication with intelligent wireless locator card, play the effect of wake on wireless intelligence locator card.

Outlet locating base station

Be arranged on exit, possess cable network communication interface and wireless communication interface, can receive the order from data service system, can carry out wireless data communication with intelligent wireless locator card, play the effect that cassette tape is entered to park mode.

Outlet ballot box

Be arranged near outlet, possess network communication interface, interim client and reservation client play the effect of reclaiming intelligent wireless locator card while appearing on the scene.

Charging terminal

Charging terminal can be charge computer, can be deployed in the charging sentry box in exit, running environment can be Windows operating system, charging function is mainly provided, possesses network communication function, the Time Calculation vehicle passing in and out according to the client actual residence time inside, in conjunction with charging policy, user is charged.

Self-service charging terminal

Self-service charging terminal can be deployed in any suitable location in parking lot, and the function that mainly provides customer self-service to pay the fees, possesses network communication function.When client returns to parking lot, can first on self-service payment terminal, pay the fees voluntarily, in official hour, directly appearance passage rate, without again paying the fees, is improved in appearance , exit afterwards.

2. locate and navigational system

Location and navigational system realize vehicle location, navigation feature inside, comprising:

(1) intelligent wireless locator card.

(2) wireless location base station.

(3) wireless location telegon.

(4) navigation LED display.

(5) oppositely seek car guiding machine.

(6) engine of positioning.

Intelligent wireless locator card

User enters that parking lot is required carries, and adopts ultra broadband UWB wireless location mode, can carry out communication and location with wireless location telegon and wireless location base station, thereby determine Ka position.

Wireless location base station

Be deployed in inner part of parking lot, quantity is determined according to the area in parking lot and landform, and its wireless signal can cover parking lot, adopts ultra broadband UWB wireless location mode, can with field in intelligent wireless locator card carry out two-way data interaction.The quantity of wireless location base station is more than 4, and every 4 wireless location base stations form a locating area.

Wireless location telegon

Be arranged on inner part of parking lot, wireless location telegon is more than 1, establishes a wireless location telegon in each locating area.The effect of wireless location telegon is that the intelligent wireless locator card in locating area is coordinated, prevent wireless signal conflict, wireless location telegon disposes network interface, the locator data of intelligent wireless locator card can be uploaded to data service system by network and carry out position calculation.

Navigation LED display

Be arranged on Nei intersection, parking lot, or be positioned at passage top, can roll display 2 row, 12 words of every row, have network interface, receive the data from data service system, show the navigation information of vehicle.

Oppositely seek car guiding machine

Oppositely seek car guiding machine and can be arranged on the porch that client returns to parking lot on foot, by passenger traffic elevator, possess network interface, LED colorful display screen, is furnished with touch-screen and smart card reader; Possesses multimedia function, can show parking lot map, to user, provide patterned navigation operation interface, can carry out communication with data service system, client's guiding request is sent to data service system, and the shortest path that data service system is calculated is presented in the map of parking lot for referencely, concrete quantity of installing is determined according to the actual conditions in parking lot.Oppositely seeking car guiding machine is connected with data communication system by data-signal.

Engine of positioning

Wireless location telegon transfers to data service system by the locator data of intelligent wireless locator card by network interface, and data service system is received after locator data, and locator data is uploaded and delivered to engine of positioning, calculates;

Engine of positioning transfers to managing customer end system by the coordinate figure of the intelligent wireless locator card calculating and carries out figure demonstration, makes Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of the interior vehicle of showing up.

Above-mentioned intelligent wireless locator card is connected with wireless location base station and wireless location telegon by wireless signal, by wireless location base station and wireless location telegon, realizes location and the navigation feature of vehicle in parking lot.

Fig. 3 shows the wireless location system topological structure of intelligent parking lot

Application server and administrative client are deployed in LAN (Local Area Network), can be deployed on same machine to be also deployed on different machines, other the network equipment (wireless location telegon in system, wireless location base station, gtw gprs etc.) be all connected in LAN (Local Area Network), by LAN (Local Area Network), carry out data interaction.Digital 1-8 in figure represents the communication path between all parts in LAN (Local Area Network).

3. parking stall control system

Parking stall control system mainly realizes effective control of Liao Dui parking stall, chief component:

(1) intelligent wireless parking stall lock.

(2) geomagnetic parking stall detector.

(3) parking stall pilot lamp.

Berth lock is arranged on each rearward position, middle part, parking stall, possesses wireless communication interface, by data-signal, is connected with data communication system, by data communication system connection data service system, receives the order from data service system, lifts or puts down; When berth lock lifts, vehicle cannot sail parking stall into, and only, when berth lock puts down, vehicle can enter parking stall; If while having vehicle to knock by force berth lock down to enter parking stall, berth lock can give the alarm automatically, and prevents from damaging vehicle under automatic pouring.

Geomagnetic parking stall detector is positioned at the middle part of each parking stall, comprises earth induction device, and wireless communication interface, by data-signal connection data communication system; Whether earth induction device utilizes the variation of surrounding magnetic field to come whether there is car on perception parking stall, possesses wireless communication interface, by data communication system, can will have the state of car to upload to data service system.

Parking stall pilot lamp is positioned at each top, parking stall, comprises display device, and wireless communication interface, carries out data interaction by data-signal and berth lock; Display device shows on parking stall whether have car with different color, can carry out data interaction with berth lock, when vehicle approaching parking stall, and berth lock automatic releasing lower time, automatically flash for prompting user.

4. data communication system

Described data communication system is comprised of Communication Gateway, and described Communication Gateway can be arranged on the ceiling in parking lot, and it connects cable data network, and/or has wireless data signal receiving trap and dispensing device; Described data communication system receives data or the order of data service system and these data or order is sent to target device by wireless signal from network interface

5. data service system

A. the function composition of data service system

(1) data communication module, (2) shortest path first module, (3) real-time navigation algoritic module, (4) parking stall allocation algorithm module, and main processing block; Described data communication module, shortest path first module, real-time navigation algoritic module, parking stall allocation algorithm module are connected with main processing block by data-signal.

(1) data communication module

The data communication of various device in realization and system, correctly assembling, analyzing device communications protocol, is responsible for sending from upper layer application the data to equipment, will after the Data Analysis from equipment, be pushed to upper layer application.

(2) shortest path first module

Adopt GIS Geographic Information System, calculate in parking lot correct shortest path between any two points, at automobile navigation with oppositely seek car guiding machine and seek the shortest path that calculates parking stall in two kinds of situations of car.

(3) real-time navigation algoritic module

Adopt GIS Geographic Information System, calculate vehicle at the direction information of intersection, thereby parking guide approaching is specified parking stall.

(4) parking stall allocation algorithm module

Realized the distribution module of vehicle parking stall, for temporary parking client, when client gets intelligent parking card from entrance ballot box, information is passed to data service system, data service system distributes Yi Ge parking stall to sending a car from the vacant parking stall of system according to parking stall allocation strategy by parking stall allocation algorithm module, system just can be guided and send a car to distributed parking stall afterwards.

B. the specific implementation of data service system:

The core of system operates on Windows server computer, and computer is arranged in the machine room in parking lot, possesses network communication interface.

Core is mainly comprised of two parts: ParkingServer and AppServer.

ParkingServer is the centre data server of system.Major function is data interaction and the described various algorithm of all devices in realization and system, and system instant messages is pushed to AppServer.

AppServer is the application server of system, major function is to obtain system real time data from ParkingServer, and be distributed to managing customer end system, process the parking stall inquiry from network function service system simultaneously, the requests such as parking stall reservation, and these requests are transmitted to ParkingServer processing.

(1) Parking service (ParkingServer server end)

Major function:

1. engine of positioning, realizes location algorithm.

2. parking stall distribution module, realizes a parking stall and distributes relevant function.

3. shortest path navigation module, for vehicle travelling inside provides navigation information.

4. communication function, and all Communication Gateway communication in system, and the mutual bridge of device data, and Application service communication.

(2) Application service (AppServer server end)

Major function:

1. with Parking service communication, receive and process the system message that Parking service is sent.

2. with administrative client system communication, realize the background application logic of system management.

3. with WEB/WAP network function service communication, receive and process the request from the service of WEB/WAP network function.

6. managing customer end system

Managing customer end system is connected with data service system by data-signal, comprising: management function module, real-time monitoring module, information command module; Described real-time monitoring module and information command module are connected with management function module by data-signal.

Managing customer end system may operate on windows platform, possesses patterned human-computer interaction interface, realizes the daily management to system, the operations such as monitoring in real time.Can carry out data interaction with data service system.

Management function mainly contains:

(1) import and press the cad file that system requirements is processed parking lot.

(2) add various device, the various attributes of editing equipment, are placed in the assigned address on map by equipment.

(3) management of intelligent wireless locator card, can add, and deletes the various information of editor's intelligent wireless locator card.

(4) realize various report generations, inquiry, prints.

(5) database imports and exports and the operation such as backup.

Real-time monitoring and control mainly contains:

(1) the abnormal and alarm of equipment in real-time monitoring system.

(2) patterned form shows the positional information of vehicle in parking lot.

(3) provide the graphic user interface of opertaing device.

Fig. 4 shows the administrative client system architecture of Intelligent parking lot management system

Whole managing customer end system is mainly divided into data service layer, communication layers, and application layer.

Data service layer is mainly the accessing operation of realizing PostgreSQL database, the accessing operation that comprises Liao Dui parking lot database and parking lot site databases.

Communication layers mainly realized and AppServer communication and management service between data communication, and and ParkingServer communication and management service between data communication.

Application layer is mainly the program of customer interaction, has comprised Intelligent parking lot management system, outlet charge subsystem, and oppositely seek car guiding loom system etc.

Intelligent parking lot management system is mainly the configuration of carrying out parking lot, and device real-time monitoring, the functions such as system form;

Outlet charge subsystem has been mainly charging charge operation;

Oppositely seek and when car guiding loom system is returned to parking lot for client, help institute parking stall before location, and seek bus or train route line with shortest path sign client.

7. network function service system

Network function service system comprises network parking lot display module, road bootstrap module, and real-time parking condition module, open ground, parking lot module, the reservation module of stopping, above-mentioned each module is connected with data service system by the data-signal of network delivery.

Network function service system can realize the function of network reserved parking stall: support that client passes through network, use smart mobile phone or computer inquiry and preengage parking stall, client can access website, parking lot by web browser, network function service system is obtained the parking stall situation in parking lot and is presented at webpage from data service system, client can be according to the parking stall of the vacant parking stall situation reservation showing oneself, the reservation parking space information that client submits to can reach data service system by network function service system, and data service system can retain parking stall for client in system.

Network service system can provide the service of WEB/WAP network function, and its main function comprises:

1. receive and process the request from WEB/WAP client, realizing the inquiry of online parking stall, predetermined function.

2. with Application service communication, realize the online renewal of parking lot real time data.

Fig. 5 shows the network function service system framework of Intelligent parking lot management system

Mainly be divided into data service layer, service layer, and application layer.

Data service layer is mainly realized the accessing operation to PostgreSQL database.

Service layer has adopted WebService (IIS) to realize the request support from webpage to client.

Application layer is mainly to comprise with the Web parking stall of client's direct interaction to preengage website and webpage, HeWap parking stall reservation website and webpage, and the back-stage management website, parking lot of safeguarding for portal management personnel.

embodiment 2:

Divide customer type

Intelligent parking lot client's type comprises three classes:

A. there is the fixedly VIP client of parking stall;

B. the interim client of temporary parking;

C. preengage the reservation client of parking stall on the net;

Vehicle entrance management flow process (management before admission)

Management is that access device lifts the processing of carrying out before the admission of entrance banister clearance vehicle before admission, that is: when client vehicles approaching parking lot, and according to different customer types, the admission initialization operation carrying out.Specific as follows for three class clients:

(1) VIP client

VIP client holds a vip card (intelligent wireless locator card), when VIP client drives approaching entrance, access device can detect intelligent wireless locator card, chip on vip card senses the wake-up signal that entrance locating base station is sent, card switches to location mode of operation from low power mode of operation, send back-signalling, and received by entrance locating base station, data are passed to data service system by data communication system, data service system identifies vip card, interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, obtain this VIP client's fixedly parking space information.

(2) interim client

The interim client approaching Entrance of driving, at access device, for example on entrance ballot box, press card key, the entrance ballot box intelligent wireless locator card that can spue, interim client holds and swipes the card in the card reader of entrance ballot box, interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, and the event of swiping the card and car plate photo and the number-plate number are passed to data service system by data communication system.

System can be this car distribution Yi Ge parking stall according to shortest path first.

Server sends instruction to entrance locating base station after receiving above-mentioned information, and entrance locating base station is sent information wake on wireless intelligence locator card, and intelligent wireless locator card enters location mode of operation (activating this intelligent wireless locator card).

(3) reservation client

Reservation client logs in intelligent parking lot website with computer or mobile phone in advance, obtain parking position information of park, and preengage Yi Ge parking stall, WEB, WAP network function service system generate the reservation number of 6 bit digital, with the form of note, issue on the reserved mobile phone of reservation client, subscription information reaches data service system from network function service system simultaneously, and data service system is preengage parking stall for this reservation number retains.And reservation number is delivered to access device preservation.

Reservation client drives to come Entrance, pass through access device, the for example touch-screen of entrance ballot box input reservation number, if reservation is number correct, the access device intelligent wireless locator card that spues, reservation client holds and swipes the card in the card reader of access device, and interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, and the reservation number of the event of swiping the card and car plate photo and the number-plate number and reservation client input is passed to data service system by data communication system.

System can be obtained the parking stall of preengaging before reservation client.

Server sends instruction to entrance locating base station after receiving above-mentioned information, and entrance locating base station is sent information wake on wireless intelligence locator card, and intelligent wireless locator card enters location mode of operation (activating this intelligent wireless locator card).

Vehicle location process

Fig. 6 shows intelligent parking lot vehicle positioning method flow process, comprises the following steps:

1. intelligent wireless locator card is received wake command, from dormant state, wakes up;

2. intelligent wireless locator card monitoring wireless network signal;

3. judge that whether intelligent wireless locator card receives wireless location scheduler detectable signal, if so, performs step 4, otherwise returns to step 1;

4. intelligent wireless locator card is received after wireless exploration signal, to wireless location telegon, sends back-signalling;

5. judge the timer-triggered scheduler instruction whether intelligent wireless location receives wireless location scheduler, if so, perform step 6, otherwise continue execution step 5;

6. intelligent wireless locator card sends positioning signal to each the wireless location base station in current locating area successively and finds range under the coordination of wireless location telegon;

7. receive successively the positioning signal feedback of each wireless location base station in current locating area, thereby obtain locator data;

8. the positioning signal feedback that judges whether to receive all wireless location base station in current locating area, if so, performs step 9, otherwise returns to step 5;

9. position fixing process is complete, and intelligent wireless locator card is transferred to wireless location telegon by described locator data;

10. wireless location telegon transfers to data service system by the locator data of intelligent wireless locator card by network interface, and data service system is received after locator data, and this locator data is uploaded and delivered to engine of positioning, calculates;

11. engine of positioning calculate the coordinate figure of intelligent wireless locator card according to locator data, transmit it to managing customer end system and carry out figure demonstration, make Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of the interior vehicle of showing up, and location completes.

Vehicle entrance management flow process (location and navigation management)

Specific as follows for three class clients:

(1) VIP client

When VIP client travels inside, intelligent wireless locator card chip receives the signal of self-align telegon, and position range finding with the locating base station of periphery under the coordination of location telegon, and range finding result is sent to data service system by location telegon, data service system uses engine of positioning to calculate the current coordinate of intelligent wireless locator card, and coordinates transmission is arrived to real-time navigation algoritic module, real-time navigation algoritic module calculates the path of vehicle current location and vehicle target parking stall according to shortest path first module, and by communication system, to the navigation LED display that is arranged on crossing intersection part, send navigation indication information when vehicle approaching Chang Nei intersection, guide Vehicle Driving Cycle to parking stall.

Data service system calculates and monitors the current location of vehicle and the distance of target carriage bit time, and when this distance is less than 10 meters, data service system sends instruction to berth lock by communication system, and berth lock fell, and VIP client sails parking stall into.

Parking space detector detects on parking stall car, and state is updated to data service system, and data service system sends navigation command for stopping to location telegon, and telegon sends instruction to intelligent wireless locator card, and intelligent wireless locator card completes navigation, enters park mode.

(2) interim client

Interim client drives to sail into parking lot, and the location in and navigation work are as aforementioned VIP client.

(3) reservation client

Reservation client drives to sail into parking lot, and the location in and navigation work are as aforementioned VIP client.

Fig. 7~Fig. 9 is the vehicle entrance management main-process stream for the different clients of three classes.

Fig. 7 shows VIP client vehicles entrance management method flow, comprises the following steps:

1.VIP client's approaching;

2. system long distance Card Reader detecting card, identification card type, obtains fixedly parking space information, car plate identification;

3. lifting lock lets pass;

4. vehicle admission;

5. card and wireless localization apparatus communication, start position fixing process with peripheral base station;

6. system-computed Ka position;

7. judge whether car drives to intersection, if so, performs step 8, otherwise perform step 10;

8. computer card is in the travel direction of intersection;

9. travel direction information is passed to navigation LED display

10. system is according to the distance of card position judgement and target parking stall;

11. judgement cards, if so, perform step 12, otherwise return to step 5 from whether being less than 10 meters with the target carriage distance of positions;

The berth lock of 12. notifications target parking stalls puts down;

13. navigation finish.

Fig. 8 shows interim client vehicles entrance management method flow, comprises the following steps:

1. interim client's approaching;

2. button card taking, system assignment parking stall, license plate identification;

3. lifting lock lets pass;

4. vehicle admission;

5. card and wireless localization apparatus communication, start position fixing process with peripheral base station;

6. system-computed Ka position;

7. judge whether car drives to intersection, if so, performs step 8, otherwise perform step 10;

8. computer card is in the travel direction of intersection;

9. travel direction information is passed to navigation LED display;

10. system is according to the distance of card position judgement and target parking stall;

11. judgement cards, if so, perform step 12, otherwise return to step 5 from whether being less than 10 meters with the target carriage distance of positions;

The berth lock of 12. notifications target parking stalls puts down;

13. navigation finish.

Fig. 9 shows reservation client vehicles entrance management method flow, comprises the following steps:

1. preengage client's approaching;

2. client inputs reservation number, the parking stall of reservation before system acquisition client, car plate identification;

3. lifting lock lets pass;

4. vehicle admission;

5. card and wireless localization apparatus communication, start position fixing process with peripheral base station;

6. system-computed Ka position;

7. judge whether car drives to intersection, if so, performs step 8, otherwise perform step 10;

8. computer card is in the travel direction of intersection;

9. travel direction information is passed to navigation LED display;

10. system is according to the distance of card position judgement and target parking stall;

11. judgement cards, if so, perform step 12, otherwise return to step 5 from whether being less than 10 meters with the target carriage distance of positions;

The berth lock of 12. notifications target parking stalls puts down;

13. navigation finish.

Client's management process of picking up the car of giving an encore

Specific as follows for three class clients:

(1) VIP client

When VIP client returns to parking lot and picks up the car, first swipe the card oppositely seeking on car guiding machine, oppositely seek the card number that car guiding machine obtains intelligent wireless locator card, to data service system, send request, the card number that data service system basis is oppositely sought car guiding machine to be provided finds the parking stall before this card, and calculate from oppositely seeking car guiding machine current location to the shortest path client parking stall, the data of shortest path are reached to this and oppositely seek car guiding machine, oppositely seek on the map that car guiding machine is presented at shortest path in parking lot for client's reference, client oppositely seeks by what be arranged on client porch the parking stall that car guiding machine finds oneself.

(2) interim client

The workflow that interim client returns to parking lot car searching is identical with aforementioned VIP client.

(3) reservation client

The workflow that reservation client returns to parking lot car searching is identical with aforementioned VIP client.

Vehicle appearance management process

Specific as follows for three class clients:

(1) VIP client

When VIP client drives to leave, in exit, the signal that outlet locating base station is sent wakes intelligent wireless locator card up from dormancy, and respond, the response that outlet locating base station is received intelligent wireless locator card, and data are sent to data service system, data service system is judged vip card, send instruction and let pass to exit ramp lock, realize VIP client's the appearance of not stopping.After appearance, VIP intelligent wireless locator card enters park mode.

(that is: VIP client's Shi, exit equipment long distance that appears on the scene detects VIP client, automatically opens a sluice gate to let pass, and can realize VIP client's the appearance of not stopping.)

(2) interim client

During appearance, the interim client approaching outlet of driving, intelligent wireless locator card is given back to toll collector on duty, toll collector swipes the card in the card reader in exit, and data are passed to data service system, data service system calculated fee to be charged and is returned to charge computer according to the entry time before this card, and toll collector charges accordingly, let pass.Intelligent wireless locator card enters park mode after completing charge.

(3) reservation client

Reservation client and temporarily client's appearance step is the same, drives to come outlet, at outlet device place, holds intelligent wireless locator card and pays the fees and leave the theatre.

embodiment 3:

Interim client take below as example, Intelligent parking lot method flow process (reservation client and VIP client's admission and appearance flow process can with reference to above other embodiment) is described, comprise the steps:

When interim vehicle is come parking lot, first at entrance ballot box place, press card key, the ballot box intelligent wireless locator card that spues, client holds and swipes the card in the card reader of ballot box, and the Vehicle License Plate Recognition System that simultaneously links equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle.The data messages such as the event of swiping the card and car plate photo and the number-plate number are uploaded to data service system by data communication system.

In, every a segment distance, a locating base station is just set, every four locating base station form a locating area, when vehicle sails this region into, locating core sector-meeting on intelligent wireless locator card is found range with each locating base station successively under the coordination of wireless location telegon, and the network interface by wireless location telegon reaches data service system by the data that record, data service system is received after locator data, data can be delivered to engine of positioning calculates, the coordinate figure of the intelligent wireless locator card calculating can transfer to system management client, client can show the position of an interior vehicle, Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of the interior vehicle of showing up.

Communication Gateway is arranged on the ceiling in parking lot, possess wireless data communication ability and network interface simultaneously, can receiving radio data and data are passed to data service system by network interface, also can accept the data of data service system or order and data or order are sent to target device by wireless signal from network interface, the scale in the quantity basis parking lot of Communication Gateway and actual environment and determine.

Data service system can be realized and devices in system (berth lock by data communication system, LED display, wireless location telegon, communication gate) carry out data communication, to the data analysis from equipment, process, calculate, and result is pushed to each assembly of system by situation, main composition module has: data communication module, shortest path first module, real-time navigation algoritic module, parking stall allocation algorithm module; The data communication of various device in the realization of data communication module and system, correctly assembling, analyzing device communications protocol, is responsible for sending from upper layer application the data to equipment, will after the Data Analysis from equipment, be pushed to upper layer application; Shortest path first module, adopts GIS Geographic Information System, calculates in parking lot correct shortest path between any two points, at automobile navigation with oppositely seek car guiding machine and seek the shortest path that calculates parking stall in two kinds of situations of car; Real-time navigation algoritic module, adopts GIS Geographic Information System, calculates vehicle at the direction information of intersection, thereby parking guide approaching is specified parking stall; Parking stall allocation algorithm module, realized the distribution module of vehicle parking stall, for temporary parking client, when client gets intelligent parking card from entrance ballot box, information is passed to data service system, data service system distributes Yi Ge parking stall to sending a car from the vacant parking stall of system according to parking stall allocation strategy by parking stall allocation algorithm module, system just can be guided and send a car to distributed parking stall afterwards.

When vehicle travels inside, the vehicle current location that the real-time navigation algoritic module of data service system can calculate according to engine of positioning adopts shortest path first module to calculate vehicle to the travel path of target parking stall, in the time of within the fixed range (10 meters to 15 meters) of vehicle approaching intersection, data service system can send to the navigation LED display that is arranged on this crossing the indication of advancing of vehicle, so go round and begin again, until vehicle approaching parking stall.

By the positioning function of positioning system, data service system can be recognized vehicle position inside, can follow the tracks of out vehicle and target parking stall between distance, when this distance is less than certain limit, server will be sent and be put lock order to berth lock by data communication system, berth lock puts down after receiving orders, and parking stall pilot lamp flicker simultaneously, facilitates user to sail parking stall into; When user's vehicle sails parking stall into, parking space detector detects parking stall has car to park, and testing result is passed to data service system.

When client returns to parking lot and picks up the car, if be unfamiliar with parking lot situation, while being difficult to find the vehicle of oneself, by being arranged on the car guiding machine of oppositely seeking of client porch, can find easily the parking stall of oneself, user swipes the card oppositely seeking on car guiding machine, oppositely seek the card number that car guiding machine obtains intelligent wireless locator card, and send request to data service system, the card number that data service system basis is oppositely sought car guiding machine to be provided finds the parking stall before this card, and calculate from oppositely seeking car guiding machine current location to the shortest path client parking stall, the data of shortest path are reached to this and oppositely seek car guiding machine, oppositely seek on the map that car guiding machine is presented at shortest path in parking lot for client's reference.

Exit, interim client passs fee-collector on duty by card, fee-collector holds and swipes the card in outlet card reader, data reach data service system, data service system calculates this card residence time inside in conjunction with the record of marching into the arena before this card, and relevant entered to field data as the time of marching into the arena, and car plate photo and the number-plate number, the information such as amount receivable pass to charge computer and facilitate fee-collector to compare charge.After having charged, notifications outlet banister is let pass.

The invention is not restricted to above-mentioned exemplary embodiment, and can carry out variations and modifications without departing from the scope of the invention.

Although described the present invention according to some exemplary embodiments, it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the present invention can carry out the practice of various modifications in the spirit and scope of appended claim, and the present invention be not limited to above-mentioned example.

In addition, the scope of claim is not subject to the restriction of above-mentioned exemplary embodiment.

In addition, it should be noted in the discussion above that applicant is intended to contain the equivalents of all authority requirement key element, is also like this even claim was carried out revising in the checking process in later stage.

Claims (19)

1. an Intelligent parking lot management system, comprises and imports and exports management and Fare Collection System; It is characterized in that: also comprise
Location and navigational system, parking stall control system, data communication system, data service system; Described import and export management and Fare Collection System, location and navigational system, parking stall control system, is connected with data communication system by data-signal and electric signal, and data communication system is connected with data service system by data-signal and electric signal.
2. Intelligent parking lot management system according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
The customer type of described intelligent parking lot can comprise
A. there is the fixedly VIP client of parking stall;
B. the interim client of temporary parking;
C. preengage the reservation client of parking stall on the net.
3. Intelligent parking lot management system according to claim 2, is characterized in that:
Described import and export management and Fare Collection System include port system equipment, outlet system equipment, Fare Collection System equipment and Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment; Described entrance system equipment comprises entrance ballot box, entrance banister, the sense of entrance ground; Described outlet system equipment comprises outlet ballot box, outlet banister, export place sense; Described Fare Collection System equipment comprises charging terminal and self-service payment terminal; Described entrance ballot box and Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment are positioned at before entrance banister, and described outlet ballot box and charging terminal are positioned at before outlet banister; Self-service payment terminal can be deployed in correct position in parking lot;
Described location and navigational system comprise intelligent wireless locator card, wireless location base station, and wireless location telegon, navigation LED display, oppositely seeks car guiding machine, and engine of positioning; Described intelligent wireless locator card is connected with wireless location base station and wireless location telegon by wireless signal, carries out communication and location, thereby determines the position of intelligent wireless locator card; Described wireless location base station is more than 4, and every 4 wireless location base stations form a locating area; Described wireless location telegon is more than 1, and each locating area is established a wireless location telegon; By wireless location base station and wireless location telegon, realize location and the navigation feature of vehicle in parking lot; Described navigation LED display is positioned at passage top or passage infall; The described car guiding machine of oppositely seeking is arranged on client porch, by data-signal, is connected with data communication system, when client returns to parking lot and picks up the car, can find by oppositely seeking car guiding machine the parking stall of oneself; Described engine of positioning can calculate the coordinate figure of intelligent wireless locator card;
Described parking stall control system comprises berth lock, parking lot detector, and parking stall pilot lamp; Described berth lock is positioned at each rearward position, middle part, parking stall, and berth lock comprises wireless communication interface, and this wireless communication interface is connected with data communication system by data-signal; Described parking stall control system receives the order from data service system, controls berth lock; Whether described parking lot detector, by data communication system, will have the state of car to upload to data service system; Described parking stall pilot lamp comprises display device, wireless communication interface, and this wireless communication interface carries out data interaction by data-signal and berth lock;
Described data communication system is comprised of Communication Gateway, and described Communication Gateway can be arranged on the ceiling in parking lot, and it connects cable data network, and/or has wireless data signal receiving trap and dispensing device; Described data communication system receives data or the order of data service system and these data or order is sent to target device by wireless signal from network communication interface;
Described data service system comprises main processing block, data communication module, shortest path first module, real-time navigation algoritic module, parking stall allocation algorithm module; Described data communication module, shortest path first module, real-time navigation algoritic module, parking stall allocation algorithm module are connected with main processing block by data-signal; Described data service system possesses network communication interface, can with system in each equipment carry out data communication, can be to the data analysis from equipment, processing and calculating, and result is according to circumstances pushed to the modules of system.
4. Intelligent parking lot management system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: also comprise
Managing customer end system, it possesses patterned human-computer interaction interface, realizes the daily management to system, policer operation in real time, and be connected with data communication system by data-signal and electric signal; Described managing customer end system comprises management function module, real-time monitoring module, information command module; Described real-time monitoring module is connected with management function module by data-signal with information command module.
5. Intelligent parking lot management system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, for managing customer end system:
The function of described management function module comprises:
Import and press system requirements and process the cad file in parking lot;
Add various device, the various attributes of editing equipment, are placed in the assigned address on the map of parking lot by equipment;
Management intelligent wireless locator card, the various information of adding, deleting and editing intelligent wireless locator card;
Realize generation, inquiry and the printing of various forms;
Importing and exporting and backup operation of database;
The function of described real-time monitoring module comprises:
Abnormal and the alarm of equipment in real-time monitoring system;
The positional information that shows vehicle in parking lot in patterned mode;
The graphic user interface of opertaing device is provided.
6. Intelligent parking lot management system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: also comprise
Network function service system, comprising: network parking lot display module, road bootstrap module, real-time parking condition module, open ground, parking lot module, the reservation module of stopping, by data communication system, the data-signal by network delivery is connected with data service system described network function service system, support client by computer in network or smart mobile phone reservation parking stall, client can access website, parking lot by web browser, network function service system is obtained the parking stall situation in parking lot and is presented at webpage from data service system, client can be according to the parking stall of the vacant parking stall situation reservation showing oneself, the reservation parking space information that client submits to reaches data service system by described network function service system, data service system can retain parking stall for client in system.
7. according to the Intelligent parking lot management system described in any one in claim 3-6, it is characterized in that, for importing and exporting management and Fare Collection System:
Described entrance system equipment also comprises entrance wireless location base station; This entrance wireless location base station is arranged on porch, possess cable network communication interface and wireless communication interface, can receive the order from data service system, and can carry out wireless data communication with intelligent wireless locator card, play the effect of wake on wireless intelligence locator card;
Described outlet system equipment also comprises outlet wireless location base station; This outlet wireless location base station is arranged on exit, possess cable network communication interface and wireless communication interface, can receive the order from data service system, and can carry out wireless data communication with intelligent wireless locator card, play the effect of intelligent wireless locator card being brought into park mode;
Described charging terminal possesses network communication function, can be arranged on outlet wireless location base station, or near the charging sentry box in ,Huo exit, outlet wireless location base station, the Time Calculation vehicle passing in and out according to the client actual residence time inside, in conjunction with charging policy, user is charged; Described charging terminal can be computer, and the running environment of this charging terminal can be Windows operating system;
Described entrance banister and outlet banister are arranged on respectively on entrance lane and exit lane, play and stop or the effect of clearance vehicle;
Described entrance ballot box is arranged near entrance banister, and automatic card mechanism is equipped with in entrance ballot box inside, and an intelligent wireless locator card can spue during by the button of lower inlet ballot box interim client; Entrance ballot box also has touch-screen and LED display, and an intelligent wireless locator card can spue when reservation client inputs reservation number by touch-screen; Meanwhile, entrance ballot box also has network communication interface, can will tell card event transfer to data service system;
Described outlet ballot box is arranged near outlet banister, has network communication interface, and this outlet ballot box can reclaim intelligent wireless locator card when interim client rolls parking lot away from reservation client.
8. according to the Intelligent parking lot management system described in any one in claim 3-6, it is characterized in that, for locating and navigational system:
Ultra broadband UWB wireless location mode can be used in described intelligent wireless locator card and wireless location base station;
Described wireless location base station deployment is at inner part of parking lot, and its quantity can be set according to area and the landform in parking lot, and its wireless signal can cover parking lot, and can with parking lot in intelligent wireless locator card carry out bidirectional data interaction;
Described wireless location telegon is arranged on inner part of parking lot, can coordinate the intelligent wireless locator card in locating area, prevent wireless signal conflict, described wireless location telegon disposes network interface, the locator data of intelligent wireless locator card can be uploaded to data service system by network and carry out position calculation;
Described navigation LED display has network communication interface, can receive the data from data service system, and navigation information that can roll display vehicle;
The described car guiding machine of oppositely seeking is furnished with smart card reader, and color LED demonstration touch-screen, can show parking lot map, to user, provides patterned navigation operation interface; And possesses network communication interface, can carry out communication with data service system, client's guiding request is sent to data service system, and the shortest path that data service system is calculated is presented in the map of parking lot for referencely, the quantity of described vectoring aircraft can be set according to the actual conditions in parking lot;
Described engine of positioning receives the locator data of the intelligent wireless locator card of wireless location telegon transmission, calculate the coordinate figure of intelligent wireless locator card, and this coordinate figure is transferred to managing customer end system carry out figure demonstration, make Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of vehicle in parking lot.
9. according to the Intelligent parking lot management system described in any one in claim 3-6, it is characterized in that, for parking stall control system:
Described berth lock, according to the order from data service system receiving, lifts or puts down; When berth lock lifts, vehicle cannot sail parking stall into; Only have when berth lock puts down, vehicle can sail parking stall into; If while having vehicle to knock by force berth lock down to sail parking stall into, berth lock can give the alarm automatically, and under automatic pouring in case stop loss bad vehicle;
Described parking lot detector is arranged on the middle part of each parking stall, utilizes the variation of surrounding magnetic field to come on perception parking stall, whether there is car;
Described parking stall pilot lamp is arranged on each top, parking stall, with different colors, shows on parking stall whether have car; When vehicle approaching parking stall, berth lock automatic releasing lower time, can automatically glimmer to point out user.
10. according to the Intelligent parking lot management system described in any one in claim 3-6, it is characterized in that, for data service system:
Various real time datas in described data service system collection system, are distributed to managing customer end system; Process parking stall inquiry request and parking stall reserve requests from network function service system simultaneously;
The data communication of various device in described data communication module realization and system, correct assembling, analyzing device communications protocol, be responsible for sending the data from upper layer application to equipment, and will after the Data Analysis from equipment, be pushed to upper layer application;
Described shortest path first module is calculated in parking lot correct shortest path between any two points by GIS Geographic Information System;
Described real-time navigation algoritic module calculates vehicle at the direction information of intersection by GIS Geographic Information System, thereby guided vehicle approaching is specified parking stall;
Described parking stall allocation algorithm module realizes the distribution of vehicle parking stall; For temporary parking client, when client obtains intelligent wireless locator card from entrance ballot box, carry the information to data service system, data service system distributes Yi Ge parking stall to sending a car from the vacant parking stall of system according to parking stall allocation strategy by described parking stall allocation algorithm module, system directs is sent a car to distributed parking stall afterwards.
The vehicle positioning method of 11. 1 kinds of intelligent parking lots, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) wake command that intelligent wireless locator card monitoring system is sent; When receiving wake command, from dormant state, wake up, and mode of operation is switched to location mode of operation by low power mode of operation;
(2) in the mode of operation of location, intelligent wireless locator card is monitored the wireless exploration signal that in network, wireless location telegon sends;
(3) judge whether intelligent wireless locator card receives this wireless exploration signal, if so, execution step (4); Otherwise return to step (1);
(4) intelligent wireless locator card is received after wireless exploration signal, to wireless location telegon, sends back-signalling;
(5) judge whether intelligent wireless locator card receives the location dispatch command that wireless location telegon sends, if so, execution step (6); Otherwise continue execution step (5);
(6) positioning chip on intelligent wireless locator card is according to the location dispatch command that receives, sends positioning signal successively find range under the coordination of wireless location telegon to each the wireless location base station in current locating area;
(7) receive successively the positioning signal feedback of each wireless location base station in current locating area, thereby obtain locator data;
(8) judge whether to receive the positioning signal feedback of all wireless location base station in current locating area, if so, execution step (9); Otherwise return to step (5);
(9) position fixing process is complete, and intelligent wireless locator card is transferred to wireless location telegon by described locator data;
(10) wireless location telegon transfers to data service system by the locator data of intelligent wireless locator card by network interface, and data service system is received after locator data, and this locator data is uploaded and delivered to engine of positioning, calculates;
(11) engine of positioning calculates the coordinate figure of intelligent wireless locator card according to locator data, transmits it to managing customer end system and carries out figure demonstration, makes Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of the interior vehicle of showing up.
The vehicle positioning method of 12. intelligent parking lots according to claim 11, is characterized in that:
The customer type of described intelligent parking lot comprises:
A. there is the fixedly VIP client of parking stall;
B. the interim client of temporary parking;
C. preengage the reservation client of parking stall on the net.
The vehicle entrance management method of 13. 1 kinds of intelligent parking lots, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) client vehicles approaching parking lot;
(2), according to different customer types, carry out admission initialization operation;
Described customer type belongs to one of following three kinds:
A. there is the fixedly VIP client of parking stall;
B. the interim client of temporary parking;
C. preengage the reservation client of parking stall on the net;
(3) notice access device lifts entrance banister clearance vehicle;
(4) vehicle admission;
(5) when vehicle travels in parking lot, intelligent wireless locator card and wireless localization apparatus communication, and start position fixing process with wireless location base station around;
(6) calculate the real time position of intelligent wireless locator card;
(7) monitoring judges the vehicle Nei intersection, nearly parking lot of whether travelling; If so, perform step (8); Otherwise execution step (10);
(8) calculate vehicle in the travel direction of intersection;
(9) travel direction information is passed to navigation LED display;
(10) according to the distance of the position judgment of intelligent wireless locator card on vehicle itself and target parking stall;
(11) monitoring judges whether the current location of intelligent wireless locator card on vehicle and the distance of client's target parking stall are less than a distance threshold; Described distance threshold can be 10 meters; If so, perform step (12); Otherwise return to step (5);
(12) system is sent instruction to the berth lock of target parking stall, notifies this berth lock to put down;
(13) client sails the parking of target parking stall into, and navigation finishes.
The vehicle entrance management method of 14. intelligent parking lots according to claim 13, is characterized in that, for step (2), described admission initialization operation comprises:
A. for there being the fixedly VIP client of parking stall, its vip card of being furnished with is intelligent wireless locator card, access device can detect vip card, chip on vip card senses the wake-up signal that entrance locating base station is sent, card switches to location mode of operation from low power mode of operation, send back-signalling, and received by entrance locating base station, data are passed to data service system by data communication system, data service system identifies vip card, interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, obtains this VIP client's fixedly parking space information;
B. for the interim client of temporary parking, it is button card taking on access device, the access device intelligent wireless locator card that can spue; Interim client holds and swipes the card in the card reader of access device, and interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, and the event of swiping the card and car plate photo and the number-plate number are passed to data service system by data communication system; System can be distributed Yi Ge parking stall for this interim client according to shortest path first; Send instruction to entrance locating base station, locating base station is sent wake-up signal, and card switches to location mode of operation from low power mode of operation;
C. for the reservation client who has preengage parking stall on the net, because this reservation client is in advance with computer or mobile phone login predetermined Liao Yige parking stall, website, parking lot, and the system that the obtains reservation number of sending; Therefore, reservation client input and preengages number on access device, the access device intelligent wireless locator card that can spue; Reservation client holds and swipes the card in the card reader of access device, interlock Vehicle License Plate Recognition System equipment obtains the license plate number of vehicle, and the reservation number of the event of swiping the card and car plate photo and the number-plate number and reservation client input is passed to data service system by data communication system; System can be obtained the parking stall of preengaging before reservation client; Send instruction to entrance locating base station, locating base station is sent wake-up signal, and card switches to location mode of operation from low power mode of operation.
The vehicle entrance management method of 15. intelligent parking lots according to claim 13, is characterized in that, step (5) comprises the following steps:
Intelligent wireless locator card is monitored the wireless exploration signal that in network, wireless location telegon sends;
Intelligent wireless locator card, after receiving this wireless exploration signal, sends back-signalling to wireless location telegon;
Wireless location telegon joins this intelligent wireless locator card in the card list of oneself, and fixes digit time slot for this intelligent wireless locator card, in this localization time slot, to this intelligent wireless locator card, sends location dispatch command;
When intelligent wireless locator card, receive after the dispatch command of location, start to position with the wireless location base station of wireless location telegon arrangement successively.
The vehicle entrance management method of 16. intelligent parking lots according to claim 15, is characterized in that:
In parking lot, every a segment distance, a wireless location base station is set, every 4 wireless location base stations form a locating area, and a wireless location telegon is set in this locating area;
When vehicle sails a certain locating area into, positioning chip on intelligent wireless locator card is according to the location dispatch command receiving, and sends positioning signal successively find range under the coordination of wireless location telegon to each the wireless location base station in this locating area;
Intelligent wireless locator card receives the positioning signal feedback of each wireless location base station successively, thereby obtains locator data;
Until receive the positioning signal feedback of all wireless location base station in current locating area, thereby record the locator data of all wireless location base station in current locating area.
The vehicle entrance management method of 17. intelligent parking lots according to claim 13, is characterized in that, step (6) comprises the following steps:
In recording current locating area, after the locator data of all wireless location base station, intelligent wireless locator card is returned to wireless location telegon by described locator data;
Wireless location telegon transfers to data service system by the locator data of this intelligent wireless locator card by network interface, and data service system is received after locator data, and described locator data is uploaded and delivered to engine of positioning, calculates;
Engine of positioning transfers to managing customer end system by the coordinate figure of the intelligent wireless locator card calculating and carries out figure demonstration, makes Systems Operator can see the travel conditions of the interior vehicle of showing up.
The vehicle entrance management method of 18. intelligent parking lots according to claim 13, is characterized in that, step (8) comprises the following steps:
When monitoring Vehicle Driving Cycle near fixed range intersection in parking lot time, according to the coordinate figure of the current location of intelligent wireless locator card on vehicle and client's target parking stall, calculate vehicle in the travel direction of intersection; Described fixed range can be 10 meters to 15 meters.
The management method of 19. 1 kinds of intelligent parking lots, is characterized in that:
The management method of this intelligent parking lot comprises the vehicle entrance management method according to the intelligent parking lot described in any one in claim 13-18; Also comprise client's management of picking up the car of giving an encore, and the vehicle management that appears on the scene;
Described client gives an encore to pick up the car to manage and comprises:
When client returns to parking lot and picks up the car, first swipe the card oppositely seeking on car guiding machine, oppositely seek the card number that car guiding machine obtains intelligent wireless locator card, to data service system, send request, the card number that data service system basis is oppositely sought car guiding machine to be provided finds the parking stall before this card, and calculate from oppositely seeking car guiding machine current location to the shortest path client parking stall, the data of shortest path are reached to this and oppositely seek car guiding machine, oppositely seek on the map that car guiding machine is presented at shortest path in parking lot for client's reference, client oppositely seeks by what be arranged on client porch the parking stall that car guiding machine finds oneself,
Described vehicle appears on the scene to manage and comprises:
For VIP client, outlet device detects VIP client at a distance, automatically opens a sluice gate to let pass, and realizes VIP client's the appearance of not stopping; For interim client and reservation client, at outlet device place, hold intelligent wireless locator card and pay the fees and leave the theatre.
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