CN103512236A - Heat collecting container of solar photo-thermal device - Google Patents

Heat collecting container of solar photo-thermal device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103512236A
CN103512236A CN 201210201928 CN201210201928A CN103512236A CN 103512236 A CN103512236 A CN 103512236A CN 201210201928 CN201210201928 CN 201210201928 CN 201210201928 A CN201210201928 A CN 201210201928A CN 103512236 A CN103512236 A CN 103512236A
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heat
concave
shaped
wall
heat accumulating
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CN 201210201928
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Chinese (zh)
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黄庚申
陈佳麟
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新茂野科技股份有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a heat collecting container of a solar photo-thermal device. The heat collecting container comprises a heat preservation outer shell. The heat preservation outer shell is provided with a concave-surface-shaped inner wall, a heat collecting inner shell is arranged in the concave-surface-shaped inner wall, the heat collecting inner shell is provided with a concave-surface-shaped heat collecting wall and a bottom wall, a gap is reserved between the heat collecting inner shell and the heat preservation outer shell to form a curved water containing space, a lower-end water inlet is formed in the lower end of the heat preservation outer shell, an upper-end water outlet is formed in the upper end of the heat preservation outer shell, the lower-end water inlet and the upper-end water outlet are communicated with the curved water containing space, a bubble discharging space is formed in the upper end of the curved water containing space, convexly-extending-shaped heat conductors are distributed on the concave-shaped heat collecting wall at intervals, heat conducting fins are arranged at the bottom wall of the heat collecting inner wall, the convexly-extending-shaped heat conductors and the heat conducting fins are made of materials with good heat conductivity, the heat collecting container can rapidly and effectively collect heat, store heat and raise the water temperature, bubbles are prevented from being delayed, the heat energy capturing efficiency of the solar photo-thermal device is greatly improved, the heating speed is quickened, and the photo-thermal temperature and the use performance are improved.

Description

太阳能光热装置的聚热容器 Solar thermal heat accumulating container means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种太阳能光热装置;特别涉及一种太阳能光热装置中的聚热容器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a solar thermal device; particularly, to a solar thermal heat accumulating container means. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 按,有鉴于地球永续发展的重要性,发展绿色能源为当务之急,而绿色能源当中的太阳能,是一种取之不尽并且对环境无污染的绿色能源。 [0002] press, in view of the importance of sustainable development of the Earth, the development of green energy as a priority, and among the green energy solar energy, is an inexhaustible and pollution-free environment for green energy. 因此针对目前「温室效应」日益严重的状况,尽可能地利用太阳能,显为造福人类的好方法。 Therefore, for the current growing problem of "greenhouse" conditions, the use of solar energy as much as possible, which was a good way for the benefit of mankind.

[0003]目前为人们所熟知且使用普遍的太阳能装置,系为太阳能光电模块(或称太阳能板),其功能主要是透过吸收太阳光的方式将光能转为电能,将该电能加以储存以辅助或者取代传统电力;这是目前广为人知的一种应用太阳能的方式;然而,太阳能除了能够用来发电之外,其热能的部份显然也是人类可受用的一环,此一部份则较为人们所忽略,虽然目前市面上存在一种利用太阳能发热的热水器,但于冬天或日照度不足时容易发生效能不高的问题,而必须使用辅助加热装置,因此仍有相当大可发展空间存在。 [0003] It is well known and commonly used in solar devices, solar photovoltaic modules based (or solar panels), whose main function is to absorb sunlight permeates through the light energy into electrical energy, the electrical energy to be stored to assist or replace conventional electricity; it is a well-known application solar manner; however, in addition to the solar power can be used, obviously also part of its thermal energy can be good enough for a human ring, this part is more It overlooked by people, although there is currently utilizing solar water heaters heat the market, but the lack of sunlight in winter or degree prone performance is not high, but you must use the auxiliary heating device, so there is still considerable room for development may exist.

[0004] 有鉴于此,本申请人于先前业已开发出一种「应用太阳能的多功效装置」在案(请参中国台湾地区专利证书号M402403),该习知前案中主要揭示了一种由具有球凹面状聚热部的聚热容器、导动支架、活动式聚光板、热水储存容器及追日感应控制器等所构成的太阳能光热装置,其运作上系可取用太阳的热能部份,利用其活动式聚光板将日光聚集于聚热容器中储存热能,且配合所述追日感应控制器控制导动支架,使活动式聚光板得以随着日照角度改变而改变,以达到聚热产生热水的功能;惟,此种习知结构于后续实际应用经验中发现其仍旧存在下述问题点: [0004] Accordingly, the present applicant has previously developed a "multi-functional application of solar energy devices" documented (See China Taiwan region Letters Patent No. M402403), before the conventional case reveals a major the heat accumulating container from the concave portion having the heat accumulating balls movable guide bracket, solar thermal movable apparatus consisting of a condenser plate, the hot water storage tank and recovering, sensor controller, based on solar energy preferably with its operation part with which the movable plate condenser to concentrate sunlight to thermal energy stored in the heat accumulating container, and recovering, with the sensor controller controls the movable guide bracket so as to be movable plate converging angle of sunlight changes varied to achieve heat accumulating function to produce hot water; However, such a conventional structure was found to still exist the following problems in the subsequent practical experience:

[0005] 前述习知结构中,其聚热容器虽可通过所述球凹面状聚热部的设置,接受经由活动式聚光板所产生的聚集光束而达到收集热能的目的,但仅此结构型态,于实际使用经验中发现仍难以达到较佳聚热与储热等效益,概因目光往往会因会多云的天候而呈现光照不稳定状态,如何把握有日照的时段,让聚热容器发挥最大效能,对于前述习知结构而言,显然仍有相当大的改进空间存在;另一方面,聚热容器所设曲形盛水空间中的水液,于升温过程中会逐渐产生一些气泡,所述气泡于习知结构中往往会呈现滞留状态而无法被排除,进而造成加热效率受到影响的问题与缺弊。 [0005] In the conventional structure, heat accumulating container, although it may be provided by the heat accumulating spherical concave portion receiving the resulting platelet aggregation via the movable beam converging collected thermal energy to achieve the purpose, but only this type of structure state, found practical use experience is still difficult to achieve a better heat accumulation and heat storage efficiency and the like, because almost look often due to weather will be cloudy and showed light unstable state, how to grasp with a sunshine period of time, so that heat accumulation container plays maximum efficacy, for the purposes of conventional structure, clearly there is considerable room for improvement exists; on the other hand, the heat accumulating container aqueous curved water storage space is provided, in the heating process will gradually produce some bubbles, the bubble in the conventional structure tends to exhibit retention state can not be excluded, thereby causing problems with the heating efficiency being affected mischief.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 针对现有技术存在的缺陷和不足,本发明的主要目的在于提供一种太阳能光热装置的聚热容器; [0006] for the presence of defects and deficiencies of the prior art, a primary object of the present invention is to provide a solar heat collecting heat the container means;

[0007] 为达到上述目的,本实用新型采用以下技术方案: [0007] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:

[0008] 一种太阳能光热装置的聚热容器,设于聚光板下方间隔处;该聚热容器包括:保温外壳,为保温隔热材质构成,呈向下内凹的圆弧面或锥缩面壳体,该保温外壳具有一凹面状内壁;聚热内壳,呈向下内凹的圆弧面或锥缩面型态设于保温外壳的凹面状内壁的中,该聚热内壳具有一凹面状聚热壁及一底壁,且该聚热内壳与保温外壳的间具有间距;曲形盛水空间,通过聚热内壳与保温外壳之间的间距所形成,构成该曲形盛水空间的立向断面呈下凹的曲形延伸状断面型态;下端入水口,设于保温外壳的下端部位且连通曲形盛水空间,以供将外部冷水导入曲形盛水空间;上端出水口,设于保温外壳的临近上端部位一侧且连通曲形盛水空间,以供将曲形盛水空间所产生的热水导出外部;气泡排放空间,形成于该曲形盛水空间的上端;至少两个凸伸状导热体 [0008] A solar heat accumulating container photothermal means, provided below the plate condenser intervals; the heat accumulating container comprising: a housing insulation, thermal insulation material is composed of, downward circular arc surface or a concave cone condensing surface of the housing, the insulating housing having a concave inner wall; shell heat cohesion, as a downward concave arcuate surface or the tapered surface patterns provided on the insulating housing concave inner wall, the inner shell having heat accumulation heat accumulating a concave wall and a bottom wall, and between the inner shell and the heat insulating housing having a pitch of polyethylene; curved water storage space formed by the spacing between the inner shell and the heat accumulating insulated enclosure, the curved configuration water storage space of the stand to form a concave curved sectional shape in section extending patterns; lower water inlet provided at the lower end portion of the insulated enclosure in communication curved and the water storage space, for the cold water introduced into the curved outer water storage space; the upper end of the outlet, near the upper side portion provided on the insulated enclosure and communicating curved water storage space, for the hot water storage space generated curved outer derived; bubble discharge space, formed on the curved water storage space the upper end; at least two protruding shaped heat conductor 呈间隔分布型态凸设于聚热内壳的凹面状聚热壁上,所述凸伸状导热体系用具良好导热性的材质构成;至少一导热鳍片,设于聚热内壳的底壁呈向下凸伸型态,所述导热鳍片系采用具良好导热性的材质构成; Patterns were spaced projections provided in the heat accumulating heat accumulating concave shell wall, the projecting system appliance like heat a material having good thermal conductivity; at least one heat conducting fin, provided in the heat accumulating bottom wall of the inner shell extending downwardly convex patterns, the system using the thermally conductive fins with a material having good thermal conductivity;

[0009] 藉此创新独特设计,使本发明对照先前技术而言,通过聚热内壳的凹面状聚热壁设有凸伸状导热体的技术特征,可大幅增加聚热内壳的受热面积,而达到快速有效吸收热能与提升光热温度到至少350°C并进行储热作用,且通过导热鳍片增加导热面积,令曲形盛水空间中的水液能够快速加热;更通过曲形盛水空间与气泡排放空间的技术设置特点,使气泡能够快速导向曲形盛水空间上端的气泡排放空间挥发,以防止发生习知结构的气泡滞留问题,综上所述,本发明实达到提升热能撷取效率、加热速度、光热温度以及使用效能等实用进步性。 [0009] The unique design innovation whereby the control of the present invention in terms of the prior art, a technology wherein protruding shape by the heat accumulating heat conductor inner housing concave wall heat accumulation, can significantly increase the heat accumulating heat receiving area of ​​the inner shell , while quick and efficient heat absorbing thermal energy and improve the light to at least 350 ° C temperature and heat storage effect, and increasing the heat transfer area by a heat sink, so that the water in the water storage space curved liquid can be rapidly heated; more curved through technical characteristics of the water storage space is provided with discharge space bubbles, the bubbles of the bubble can be quickly guide the upper end of the water storage space of the discharge space curved volatile, to prevent air bubbles conventional retention structure occurs problems above, the present invention is to achieve a real lift practical capture efficiency progressive heat, heating rate, soaking temperature and the use of the optical performance and the like.

[0010] 本发明的另一目的,系通过聚热内壳中并盛装有熔盐当作集热介质的技术特点,可通过熔盐于高温时会转化为液体并储存热能,使聚热容器于没有日照的情况下依然能利用液体状熔盐继续释出热能,令聚热容器保持恒温加热状态的优点。 [0010] Another object of the present invention, by the heat accumulating-based shell and containing the molten salt as a heat medium has technical characteristics, can be converted to high temperature molten salt and liquid heat storage, so that the heat accumulating container in the case where no sunlight can still continue using a liquid molten salt heat release, heat accumulating container holder so that the advantages of constant temperature heating state.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1为本发明较佳实施例的组合立体图。 [0011] Figure 1 is a perspective view of the invention the preferred compositions of the embodiment.

[0012] 图2为本发明聚热容器的组合立体图。 [0012] Fig 2 a perspective view of the heat accumulating container compositions of the present invention.

[0013] 图3为本发明聚热容器的分解立体图。 [0013] Fig 3 an exploded perspective view of the heat accumulation container of the present invention.

[0014] 图4为本发明聚热内壳的另一侧向立体图。 [0014] FIG 4 further side perspective view of the heat accumulating inner shell of the present invention.

[0015] 图5为本发明聚热容器的平面剖视图。 [0015] FIG. 5 of the present invention a plane sectional view of the heat accumulating container.

[0016] 图6为本发明聚热内壳的底壁具有中央朝外围形成至少两条曲折状的迷宫式流道的实施例图。 [0016] FIG. 6 heat accumulating wall of the inner shell having a bottom view of the center toward the periphery of the embodiment is formed of at least two meander-shaped labyrinth flow passage of the present invention.

[0017] 图7为本发明聚热内壳的底壁具有中央朝外围形成一条螺旋状流道的实施例图。 [0017] FIG. 7 heat accumulating wall of the inner shell having a bottom view of the center toward the periphery of the embodiment is formed a spiral flow passage of the present invention. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0018] 如图1至6所示,本发明太阳能光热装置的聚热容器10设于一太阳能光热装置A的架体01预设部位,并位于一聚光板02下方间隔处;该聚热容器10包括下述构成: [0018] As shown in FIG 1-6, the present invention is the heat accumulating container solar thermal device 10 is provided in a frame body of the solar thermal device A preset portion 01, and located below a condensing plate 02 at intervals; the poly heat the container 10 comprising the components:

[0019] 一保温外壳11,为保温隔热材质构成,呈向下内凹的圆弧面或锥缩面壳体型态,该保温外壳11具有一凹面状内壁12 ; [0019] an insulation housing 11, is composed of insulation material, as a downwardly concave circular arc surface or a tapered surface of the housing patterns, the insulating housing 11 having a concave inner wall 12;

[0020] 一聚热内壳13,呈向下内凹的圆弧面或锥缩面型态设于保温外壳11的凹面状内壁12之中,该聚热内壳13具有一凹面状聚热壁14及一底壁15,且该聚热内壳13与保温外壳11之间具有间距; [0020] a heat accumulating inner housing 13, as a downwardly concave circular arc surface or a tapered surface patterns provided on the inner wall of the concave housing 11 in the insulation 12, the inner housing 13 having a heat accumulating heat accumulating concave wall 14 and a bottom wall 15, and the inner shell having a heat accumulating between 11 and 13 and the spacing insulated enclosure;

[0021] 一曲形盛水空间20(仅标示于图5),通过聚热内壳13与保温外壳11之间的间距所形成,构成该曲形盛水空间20的立向断面呈下凹的曲形延伸状断面型态;其中曲形盛水空间20的曲形延伸状断面可为弧形、V形或U形;[0022] 一下端入水口21,设于保温外壳11的下端部位且连通曲形盛水空间20,以供将外部冷水导入曲形盛水空间20 ; [0021] form a water storage space 20 (indicated only in FIG. 5), and the spacing formed between the insulated enclosure 11 through the inner heat collecting casing 13, constituting the standing water storage space 20 is curved to form a concave cross-section the curved shape in section extending patterns; wherein the curved shape extending curved section 20 of the water storage space may be arcuate, V-shaped or U-shaped; [0022] the lower end of the water inlet 21, provided at the lower end portion 11 of the insulated enclosure and communicating the water storage space 20 curved, for the cold water introduced into the curved outer water storage space 20;

[0023] 一上端出水口22,设于保温外壳11的临近上端部位一侧且连通曲形盛水空间20,以供将曲形盛水空间20所产生的热水导出外部; [0023] an upper outlet 22, is provided near the upper end portion side of insulating housing 11 and communicating with the curved water storage space 20 for the hot water storage space 20 curved derived externally generated;

[0024] 一气泡排放空间23,形成于曲形盛水空间20的上端; [0024] A bubble discharge space 23, formed in the upper end 20 of the curved water storage space;

[0025] 至少两个凸伸状导热体24,呈间隔分布型态凸设于聚热内壳13的凹面状聚热壁14上,所述凸伸状导热体24采用具良好导热性的材质构成,而具有快速导热作用; [0025] The material of the at least two projecting shaped heat conductor 24, in a spaced distribution patterns projected on the concave inner wall of the heat accumulating heat accumulating 14 of housing 13, the protruding shaped heat conductor 24 employed with good thermal conductivity configuration, having fast heat conduction;

[0026] 至少一导热鳍片25,设于聚热内壳13的底壁15呈向下凸伸型态,所述导热鳍片25采用具良好导热性的材质构成。 [0026] at least one heat conducting fin 25, provided in the housing 13 within the thermal polymerization of the bottom wall 15 has downwardly projecting patterns, with the heat conductive fins 25 using a material having good thermal conductivity.

[0027] 如图5所示,其中该设有凸伸状导热体24与导热鳍片25的聚热内壳13中并盛装有熔盐26,以令其凹面状聚热壁14达到快速吸热及储热的作用;又该保温外壳11或聚热内壳13上端并封组有一透光盖板27,并将熔盐液面至透光盖板27之间的空间予以抽真空形成一真空断热空间28,藉此以防止进入聚热内壳13中的热能向上反射流失。 [0027] 5, wherein the heat conductor is provided with fins 24 heat accumulating in the housing 25 with a molten salt containing 13 and 26 protruding like heat conductor, in order to make the heat accumulating concave wall 14 to achieve rapid absorption the action of heat and the heat storage; should the upper insulation housing 11 or the housing 13 and sealed within the heat accumulating a set of light-transmitting cover 27, and the liquid surface of the molten salt to a space between the light-transmissive plate 27 a is formed to be evacuated a vacuum heat insulation space 28, thereby preventing heat accumulation in the thermal energy into the inner shell 13 upward reflection loss.

[0028] 其中凸设于该聚热内壳13的凹面状聚热壁14上的凸伸状导热体24,为柱状型态或板片状型态者。 [0028] wherein the projection is provided in the housing 13 of the heat-polymerized heat accumulating concave wall 14 extends on the convex-shaped heat conductor 24, a columnar or plate-shaped patterns are patterns.

[0029] 如图6所示,其中聚热内壳13底壁15所设导热鳍片25可为至少两内外环状间隔排列型态,且各环排的导热鳍片25之间互成错置对应型态,藉此相对于聚热内壳13的底壁15中央朝外围形成至少两条曲折状的迷宫式流道,使水流由导入至导出过程中达到蜿蜒缓速流出的效果,而能够增加受热时间;或者如图7所示,该聚热内壳13底壁15所设导热鳍片25可为螺旋状设置型态,藉此相对于该聚热内壳13的底壁15中央朝外围形成一条螺旋状流道,以使水流由导入至导出过程中达到缓速流出的效果。 [0029] As shown in FIG 6, wherein the heat accumulating heat conductive housing 13 of the bottom wall 15 of the fin 25 may be arranged in patterns of at least two inner and outer annular spacer is provided, and each row of heat conducting fins ring into mutual mismatches between 25 is set corresponding to the type, whereby the heat accumulating housing relative to the inner bottom wall 13 formed in the periphery 15 toward the center of the at least two meander-shaped labyrinth flow passage, a serpentine water flow effect from the retarder is introduced into the effluent reached during export, the heating time can be increased; or 7, the heat accumulating inner housing 13 bottom wall 15 may be a heat conductive fin set 25 and spiral patterns, whereby with respect to the bottom wall 15 of the inner shell 13 of the heat accumulating toward the center of a spiral flow channel formed in the periphery, in order to achieve the effect that the water flowing from the retarder introduced to the export process.

[0030] 如图5所示,其中形成于曲形盛水空间20上端的气泡排放空间23,其设置位置可高于上端出水口22。 [0030] As shown in FIG 5, wherein the bubble discharge space 20 is formed in the upper end of the curved space 23 is filled with water, which may be disposed above the upper end position of the water outlet 22.

[0031] 兹就本发明的使用状态说明如下: [0031] Have they use state of the present invention is described below:

[0032] 如图5所示,通过聚热内壳13的凹面状聚热壁14设有凸伸状导热体24的技术特征,可大幅增加聚热内壳13的受热面积,而能够快速吸收热能与提升光热温度到至少3500C (所述光热温度指聚热内壳13受到太阳照射所能达到的最高温度),而当冷水由下端入水口21导入曲形盛水空间20时(如箭号LI所示),可通过导热鳍片25增加与冷水的导热面积,而能够快速提升水液的温度,最后产生的热水并由上端出水口22导出;且其中由于水液于升温过程中会逐渐产生一些气泡,若所述气泡有滞留现象会影响加热效率,而本发明系通过曲形盛水空间20与气泡排放空间23的技术设置特点,使气泡能够随着水流顺畅导引至气泡排放空间23挥发出,以避免影响加热效率与效果。 [0032] 5, the concave inner wall of the heat accumulating heat accumulating housing 13 is provided with the technical features 14 protruding shaped heat conductor 24, can significantly increase the area of ​​the heat accumulating heating housing 13, and can quickly absorb thermal and photothermal lifting at least 3500C to a temperature (temperature of the photothermal heat accumulating means within housing 13 by the maximum temperature attainable sun), and when the cold water introduced from the lower end 21 curved inlet water storage space 20 (such as LI arrow shown), through the heat conductive fins to increase the heat transfer area 25 with cold water, it is possible to quickly raise the temperature of liquid water, water produced by the last upper export outlet 22; and wherein in the heating process due to the water solution will gradually produce some bubbles when the bubbles have a retention phenomenon will affect the heating efficiency, the curved lines of the invention by the water storage space 20 is provided with the bubble technology characteristics of the discharge space 23, the bubble can be guided to flow smoothly with volatilizing bubble discharge space 23, to avoid the effect of heating efficiency and effectiveness.

[0033] 复如图5所示,由于聚热内壳13中并盛装有熔盐26当作集热介质,藉此可通过熔盐26于高温时会转化为液体并储存热能,不仅能够达到进一步增加聚热效果,更可令聚热容器10于没有日照的情况下依然能利用液体状熔盐26继续释出热能,以解决长久以来太阳能发热所存在的问题与缺弊。 [0033] Complex 5, and 13 since the inner shell containing polyethylene hot molten salt 26 as a heat medium, whereby the molten salt 26 can be converted to high temperature thermal energy storage and liquid, can be achieved not only further increase heat accumulation effect, it can make the heat accumulation container 10 in the absence of sunlight can still take advantage of the situation molten liquid 26 continues to release heat, solar heat to address a long existing problems and mischief.

[0034] 本发明的优点: [0034] The advantages of the present invention:

[0035] 1、通过聚热内壳的凹面状聚热壁设有凸伸状导热体的技术特征,可大幅增加聚热内壳的受热面积,而达到快速且有效地吸收热能与提升光热温度到至少350°C并进行储热作用,且通过向下分布凸伸于聚热内壳底壁的导热鳍片,可大幅增加导热面积,令曲形盛水空间中的水液能够快速加热,综上所述,本发明实达到提升热能撷取效率、加热速度、光热温度以及使用效能等实用进步性。 [0035] 1, is provided with protruding features of heat conductor shaped concave shape by the heat accumulating heat accumulating wall of the inner shell, can significantly increase the area of ​​the heat accumulating heating the inner casing, to achieve fast and efficiently absorb thermal energy and improve the photothermal to a temperature of at least 350 ° C and heat storage effect, and by distributing the housing extending downwardly from the bottom wall to poly thermally conductive heat sink, can significantly increase the heat conduction area, so that liquid water in the water storage space curved capable of rapid heating , In conclusion, the present invention is put to practical real progress improve energy capture efficiency of heating rate, temperature and the use of solar thermal performance and the like.

[0036] 2、通过曲形盛水空间与气泡排放空间的技术设置特点,可使水液于升温过程中所产生的气泡能够快速导向曲形盛水空间上端的气泡排放空间挥发,以防止发生习知结构的气泡滞留问题,而能够达到进一步提升加热效率的实用进步性。 Bubble [0036] 2, is provided through technical features curved discharge space and the water storage space in the bubble, that the water in the liquid generated during heating can quickly guide the upper end of the water storage space of the curved bubble discharge space volatilized to prevent conventional cell structure retention problems, it is possible to achieve practical progressive further improve heating efficiency.

[0037] 3、该聚热内壳底壁通过导热鳍片形成由中央朝外围至少两条曲折状的迷宫式流道的结构设计,使水流由导入至导出过程中达到蜿蜒缓速流出的效果,达到增加水液受热时间的功效。 [0037] 3, the inner housing bottom wall of the heat accumulating heat conductive fin is formed by a structural design of the central zigzag toward the periphery at least two labyrinth flow passage, the flow of water introduced into the export process reaches flowing serpentine retarder effect, to increase the effectiveness of the heating time of the liquid water.

[0038] 4、通过聚热内壳中并盛装有熔盐当作集热介质的技术特点,可通过熔盐于高温时会转化为液体并储存热能,使聚热容器于没有日照的情况下依然能利用液体状熔盐继续释出热能,令聚热容器保持恒温加热状态的优点。 The [0038] 4, through the inner casing and the heat accumulating containing molten salt as there are technical characteristics of the heat medium, a molten salt can be converted to high temperature thermal energy storage and liquid, so that the heat accumulating container to the case where no sunlight still able to continue using a liquid molten salt heat release, heat accumulating container holder so that the advantages of constant temperature heating state.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种太阳能光热装置的聚热容器,设于聚光板下方间隔处;其特征在于包括: 一保温外壳,为保温隔热材质构成,呈向下内凹的圆弧面或锥缩面壳体,该保温外壳具有一凹面状内壁; 一聚热内壳,呈向下内凹的圆弧面或锥缩面型态设于保温外壳的凹面状内壁之中,该聚热内壳具有一凹面状聚热壁及一底壁,且该聚热内壳与保温外壳之间具有间距; 一曲形盛水空间,通过聚热内壳与保温外壳之间的间距所形成,构成该曲形盛水空间的立向断面呈下凹的曲形延伸状断面型态; 一下端入水口,设于保温外壳的下端部位且连通曲形盛水空间,以供将外部冷水导入曲形盛水空间; 一上端出水口,设于保温外壳的临近上端部位一侧且连通曲形盛水空间,以供将曲形盛水空间所产生的热水导出外部; 一气泡排放空间,形成于该曲形盛水空间的上端; 至少两个 1. A solar heat accumulating container photothermal means, disposed at a spacing below the focusing plate; characterized by comprising: an insulated enclosure, as insulation material composition, an arc face or tapered downwardly concave compression surface a housing, the housing having a holding concave inner wall; a polyethylene casing within the heat, in the form of a downward concave inner wall of the concave arcuate surface or the tapered surface patterns provided on the insulating housing, the inner housing having a heat accumulating heat accumulating a concave wall and a bottom wall, and a spacing between the inner shell and the heat insulating housing of the polyethylene; form a water storage space formed by the spacing between the inner shell and the heat accumulating insulated enclosure, constituting the song shaped vertical section to form the water storage space of the concave curved shape in section extending patterns; at the inlet end, provided at the lower end portion of the insulated enclosure in communication curved and the water storage space, for the cold water introduced into the curved outer SHENGSHUI space; an upper outlet, near the upper end portion of the housing provided on one side of the insulation and the water storage space communicating curved, curved for the hot water storage space generated externally derived; a bubble discharge space, formed on the song shaped upper end of the water storage space; at least two 凸伸状导热体,呈间隔分布型态凸设于聚热内壳的凹面状聚热壁上,所述凸伸状导热体采用具良好导热性的材质构成; 至少一导热鳍片,设于聚热内壳的底壁呈向下凸伸型态,所述导热鳍片采用具良好导热性的材质构成。 Protruding shaped heat conductor, the heat accumulating as a concave wall of spaced projections provided in the heat accumulating patterns for the inner shell, the protruding shape using heat conductor with a material having good thermal conductivity; at least one heat conducting fin, provided the bottom wall of the inner shell extending downwardly convex heat accumulation patterns, with the use of heat conducting fins of a material having good thermal conductivity.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的太阳能光热装置的聚热容器,其特征在于,所述聚热内壳中盛装有熔盐;保温外壳或聚热内壳上端封组有一透光盖板,并将熔盐液面至透光盖板之间的空间予以抽真空形成一真空断热空间。 The heat accumulating container 2. The solar thermal device according to claim 1, wherein said inner heat shell containing polyethylene in the molten salt has; polyethylene insulated enclosure or heat sealing the upper end of the inner shell has a cover lens group, the space between the cover lens and the molten salt level to be evacuated to form a vacuum heat insulation space.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的太阳能光热装置的聚热容器,其特征在于,所述凸伸状导热体为柱状型态或板片状型态。 The solar thermal device of claim 1 or claim 2 heat accumulation container, characterized in that said protruding pillar-shaped heat conductor is plate-shaped patterns or patterns.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或2所述的太阳能光热装置的聚热容器,其特征在于,所述导热鳍片为至少两内外环状间隔排列型态,且各环排的导热鳍片之间互成错置对应型态;藉此相对于聚热内壳的底壁中央朝外围形成至少两条曲折状的迷宫式流道。 4. The heat accumulating container solar thermal device of claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that between the heat conductive fin is at least two spaced inner and outer annular patterns, and each row of heat conducting fins ring patterns correspond to the mutually misplaced; with respect to the bottom wall whereby the heat accumulating housing formed in the periphery toward the center of the at least two meander-shaped labyrinth flow passage.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1或2所述的太阳能光热装置的聚热容器,其特征在于,所述导热鳍片为螺旋状设置,藉此相对于聚热内壳的底壁中央朝外围形成一条螺旋状流道。 The solar thermal device of claim 1 or claim 2 heat accumulation container, characterized in that the thermal conducting fins disposed in a spiral, with respect to the bottom wall whereby the heat accumulating housing formed in the periphery toward the center of a a spiral flow channel.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的太阳能光热装置的聚热容器,其特征在于,所述气泡排放空间的位置高于上端出水口。 The heat accumulating container 6. The solar thermal device according to claim 1, characterized in that the bubble position of the discharge space is higher than the upper end of the water outlet.
CN 201210201928 2012-06-15 2012-06-15 Heat collecting container of solar photo-thermal device CN103512236A (en)

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