A kind of building wall job practices
The present invention relates to a kind of construction techniques, is a kind of building wall job practices specifically, and it increases plant equipment and assists construction in traditional manpower work technique, thereby can increase work efficiency, reduce physical power loss and the raising quality of building a wall.
Traditional brick laying method, by two workmans, it is one group, a responsible feed, be responsible for building by laying bricks or stones for one, feed workman shifts near to building workman by laying bricks or stones with manpower building material by laying bricks or stones, build workman elder generation two ends on masonry wall by laying bricks or stones and build two brick posts, with a silk thread, hang on the brick post at two ends, the object of hanging wire is to take aim at and depending on building a wall, make just building a wall with silk thread, building workman by laying bricks or stones hangs up after silk thread, with slurry cutter, spread slurry building a wall, after complete, building block is put on the metope of completing slurry, by silk thread, proofread and correct, after compacting, when building certain altitude, to set up body of wall a workbench, so that work and stacking material, traditional course of work is a kind of original manpower work method.With silk thread, take aim at and look to proofread and correct difficulty large, and paving slurry is inhomogeneous, men hoisting material physical power loss is large, and production efficiency is low, and wall body structure intensity is low.Adopt construction method of the present invention can change above-mentioned deficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of build a wall building wall job practices of quality of labour intensity and raising of increasing work efficiency, reduce.
A kind of building wall job practices provided by the invention, comprise and building a wall and plastering on inner walls, in the step of building a wall, utilize mortar applicating machine to spread slurry in the face walking process of building a wall, utilize elevator that the fragment of brick being laid on elevator is promoted, this elevator comprises that hoisting frame, level are arranged on the strip bracket that can be driven up and down by drive unit on hoisting frame, the both sides of strip bracket be respectively arranged with a plurality of be used for supporting fragment of brick hold brick plate, every is held brick plate and is separately installed with for for holding the telescopic arm that brick plate stretches out laterally and resets.
In the present invention, this mortar applicating machine bottom, with road wheel, has the paving slurry bucket with blanking port above, and is provided with for scraping the brickwork joint that can insert when dialling the scraper plate of slurry and being controlled, needed by grip handle between brick and brick and with the vibrating plate of paving slurry vibrator.Utilize machinery to replace a kind of manual method, it makes slurry pour into the brickwork joint between brick and brick by the effect of vibrating plate, by pull mortar applicating machine just can be on the face of building a wall uniform spreading spreading mass.
In the step of building a wall, the infrared rays that it also utilizes infrared rays to throw the projection of line device is proofreaied and correct the piece of laying bricks, infrared rays is thrown the top that line device is fixed on the face of building a wall, projection while making infrared rays throwing line device project infrared rays downwards is all positioned at the one side on the face of building a wall, be that infrared rays irradiates on the whole vertically downward, as the correction reference of laid bricks piece.With infrared rays, as a kind of method of laying bricks and proofreading and correct, infrared rays is vertical irradiation, and building a wall from top to bottom there will not be larger deviation to tilt, throwing line device is fixed on behind the top of building a wall, just whole wall can be finished building, without secondary, move, effectively increase work efficiency and wall quality.
On the strip bracket of elevator, every side has five to hold brick plate, and telescopic arm has two joints mutually hinged, and two free ends are respectively with strip bracket with to hold brick plate hinged.With machinery, fragment of brick is moved on to a kind of method on the face of building a wall, design is that the machinery configuring according to the length of brick wall is put fragment of brick completely, as required fragment of brick is risen to and hithermostly build position by laying bricks or stones and obtain the most quick, complete the most effortlessly building process, its working programme is, feed workman is placed on fragment of brick the holding on brick plate of telescopic rotary of elevator, rise to reasonable altitudes for building workman by laying bricks or stones, build workman by laying bricks or stones and with mortar applicating machine, on building a wall, complete slurry, from hoisting frame, rotate and hold brick plate again, make fragment of brick on holding and moving on on brick plate and to build a wall, after taking off fragment of brick, brick plate homing is held in rotation, every brick all completes by machinery to wall from underground, the efficiency that can save 80% muscle power and be enhanced about more than once.Elevator belongs to convenient mobile lightweight, according to the length of building a wall, can one or more be used in combination, the hoisting frame of elevator can be made telescopic, during work, under-chassis is stretched over the length being perfectly safe and prevents that frame from tumbling, machine power configuration hydraulic power, lifting is steady at a slow speed, and the material of lifting can not fall.
In plastering on inner walls step, utilize mortar dauber reciprocating to carry out plastering on inner walls, this mortar dauber by vertical rail, by sliding sleeve, be laterally arranged on plaster hopper and control on the vertical rail reciprocating moving chain-drive mechanism of hopper of plastering and form, wherein plaster hopper outside with have discharging opening, below discharging opening, have plastering plate and be provided with the vibrator of plastering of plastering plate.Mortar dauber is fixed on to the position of need of work, mortar is put into the hopper of mortar dauber, start the vibrator of plastering, by chain-drive mechanism, make mortar dauber be attached to brick wall and slowly promote from bottom to top, plaster hopper mortar from discharging opening out, effect through plastering plate, is bonded on brick wall mortar securely, and the mortar being bonded on brick wall strikes off through plastering plate, realize mortar dauber brick wall up and down or left and right back and forth plaster, complete the working programme of plastering.
The present invention adopts manpower and mechanical bond, reaches efficient, high-quality, safety, labour-saving working effect, has application value.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the paving slurry schematic diagram of mortar applicating machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of elevator of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the projection schematic diagram that infrared rays of the present invention is thrown line device.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of mortar dauber of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the right view of Fig. 4.
The specific embodiment
Referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 3, a kind of building wall job practices provided by the invention, with conventional method difference be build a wall and plastering on inner walls step in increase mechanical assist device, in the step of building a wall:
Utilize mortar applicating machine 2 to spread slurry in the face of building a wall 1 walking process, these mortar applicating machine 2 bottoms are with road wheel 3, there is the paving slurry bucket 6 with blanking port 9 above, and be provided with for scraping the brickwork joint that can insert when dialling the scraper plate 8 of slurry and controlling, need by grip handle 4 between brick and brick and with the vibrating plate 7 of paving slurry vibrator 10.Mortar applicating machine 1 is placed on the face of building a wall 2, utilize feed pipe for mortar 56 li of the slurry input paving slurry buckets of laying bricks, promote mortar applicating machine 2, the slurry that paving slurry bucket is 6 li falls and is layered on the face of building a wall 1 from blanking port 9, scraper plate on mortar applicating machine 28 is scraped and is dialled slurry again, just can be on the face of building a wall 1 uniform spreading spreading mass, when slurry paving is when vibrating plate 7 aligns the brickwork joint between brick and brick, stop drag mortar applicating machine 2, the grip handle 4 of vibrating plate 7 is mentioned and made vibrating plate 7 insert brickwork joint, effect through vibrating plate 7 makes brickwork joint fill slurry, then by grip handle 4, vibrating plate 7 is mentioned and continued to pull paving slurry.
The elevator that utilization is placed in indoor floor promotes the fragment of brick being laid on elevator, this elevator comprises that hoisting frame 13, level are arranged on the strip bracket 15 that can drive up and down by drive unit 14 on hoisting frame 13, strip bracket 15 both sides be respectively arranged with five be used for supporting fragment of brick hold brick plate 12, every is held brick plate and is separately installed with for supplying to hold the telescopic arm 11 that brick plate 12 stretches out laterally and resets, telescopic arm 11 has two joints mutually hinged, and two free ends are respectively with strip bracket 15 with to hold brick plate 12 hinged.Fragment of brick is placed on to the rotating of elevator and holds on brick plate 12, rise to reasonable altitudes, then rotate and to hold brick plate 12, make fragment of brick on holding and moving on on brick plate 12 and to build a wall, rotate homing after taking off fragment of brick.
The infrared rays that utilizes infrared rays to throw the projection of line device is proofreaied and correct the piece of laying bricks, infrared rays is thrown line device 16 and is fixed on the top of building a wall, infrared rays is thrown when line device 16 projects infrared rays downwards and irradiated vertically downward on the whole and be incident upon the one side on the face of building a wall 1, as the correction reference of laid bricks piece.
In plastering on inner walls step, with reference to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, utilize mortar dauber reciprocating to carry out plastering on inner walls, this mortar dauber is by vertical rail 17, be laterally arranged on the hopper 19 and control the reciprocating moving chain-drive mechanism 21 of hopper of plastering and form of plastering on vertical rail 17 by sliding sleeve 18, driving mechanism 20 is installed on chain-drive mechanism 21, wherein the plaster outside of hopper 19 has discharging opening 22, has plastering plate 23 and be provided with the vibrator 24 of plastering of plastering plate below discharging opening 22.By chain-drive mechanism 21, make mortar dauber be attached to brick wall and slowly promote from bottom to top, from discharging opening 22 out, the effect through plastering plate 23, is bonded on brick wall mortar to the mortar of the hopper 19 of plastering securely, and the mortar being bonded on brick wall strikes off through plastering plate 23.