CN103510629A - Construction method of wall thermal insulation system - Google Patents

Construction method of wall thermal insulation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103510629A
CN103510629A CN201310451568.0A CN201310451568A CN103510629A CN 103510629 A CN103510629 A CN 103510629A CN 201310451568 A CN201310451568 A CN 201310451568A CN 103510629 A CN103510629 A CN 103510629A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
catch net
thermal insulation
heat preservation
layer
intermediate layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310451568.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王海龙
谷志旺
周君
邢文杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Construction No 4 Group Co Ltd
Qingdao Creek New Environmental Materials Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shanghai Construction No 4 Group Co Ltd
Qingdao Creek New Environmental Materials Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Construction No 4 Group Co Ltd, Qingdao Creek New Environmental Materials Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Construction No 4 Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310451568.0A priority Critical patent/CN103510629A/en
Publication of CN103510629A publication Critical patent/CN103510629A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a construction method of a wall thermal insulation system, and belongs to the technical field of building thermal insulation engineering. The construction method aims to solve the problem of fire-fighting hidden danger of an existing wall thermal insulation system, and under the precondition that the thermal insulation requirement is met, the purpose of eliminating the fire-fighting hidden danger is achieved. The construction method of the wall thermal insulation system comprises the steps that firstly, a thermal insulation layer which is an STP board is formed on a wall; secondly, a middle layer is formed on the thermal insulation layer; thirdly, a finish coat is formed on the middle layer. According to the construction method of the wall thermal insulation system, the thermal insulation layer is the STP board which has the advantages of achieving thermal insulation, being non-combustible, non-poisonous, environmentally friendly, and long in service life and the like, so that the thermal insulation layer composed of the STP board is light in weight and small in thickness, and has the same service life with a building, and therefore the construction method of the wall thermal insulation system utilizing the STP board as the thermal insulation layer is simple in process and high in construction speed.

Description

A kind of job practices of wall heat preservation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to building heat preserving field of engineering technology, particularly a kind of job practices of wall heat preservation system.
Background technology
Wall heat preservation system has been subject to paying close attention to widely as the power-saving technology of building a dominance of economy type, environment-friendly type society.At present, wall heat preservation system has two kinds: a kind of is expansion polyphenyl plate wall heat preservation system (being called for short EPS system), another kind is extruded polystyrene board wall heat preservation system (being called for short XPS system), expansion polyphenyl plate and extruded polystyrene board all belong to the material of flame retardant type, its combustibility can only reach the flame retardant standard of B1 level, fail to reach A level and do not fire standard, therefore in work progress, have the possibility that causes naked light, make job site have hidden fire-fighting danger.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of job practices of wall heat preservation system, the hidden fire-fighting danger problem existing to solve existing wall heat preservation system, is meeting under the prerequisite of thermal insulation requirement, reaches the object eliminating safe hidden trouble.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A job practices for wall heat preservation system, comprises the steps:
Step 1: form an insulation layer on described metope, described insulation layer is STP plate;
Step 2: form an intermediate layer on described insulation layer; And
Step 3: form a finish coat on described intermediate layer.
Preferably, described step 1 comprises:
On described metope, form a tack coat; And
On described tack coat, form described insulation layer, described insulation layer is attached on described metope.
Preferably, described tack coat is mortar bonding layer, and the thickness of described mortar bonding layer is 3mm~5mm.
Preferably, described tack coat is gypsum tack coat, and the thickness of described gypsum tack coat is 9mm~11mm.
Preferably, described step 2 comprises:
On described insulation layer, form the first intermediate layer;
On described the first intermediate layer, form the first catch net;
On described the first catch net, form the second intermediate layer; And
On described the second intermediate layer, form the second catch net, described the first intermediate layer and described the second intermediate layer form described intermediate layer.
Preferably, described the first catch net and described the second catch net are alkaline-resisting grid cloth, and the density of described the first catch net is lower than the density of described the second catch net.
Preferably, described the first catch net and described the second catch net are medium-alkali glass fiber net, and the density of described the first catch net is lower than the density of described the second catch net.
Preferably, described finish coat is external coating.
Preferably, described the first catch net and described the second catch net are alkaline-resisting grid cloth, and the density of described the first catch net is higher than the density of described the second catch net.
Preferably, described finish coat is decorating surface brick layer.
Compared with prior art, tool has the following advantages and beneficial effect in the present invention:
1, in the job practices of wall heat preservation system of the present invention, because insulation layer adopts STP plate, STP plate is except having good heat insulation effect, and its combustibility can reach A level and not fire standard, avoided because of insulation layer, causing the possibility of naked light, thereby eliminated the potential safety hazard that job site exists fire.
2, in the job practices of wall heat preservation system of the present invention, because the advantages such as that STP material has is nontoxic, environmental protection and long service life, make that the insulation layer quality that is comprised of STP plate is light, thin thickness, and can reach its application life and the same equivalent life of building, thereby make by STP plate is simple as the job practices technique of the wall heat preservation system of insulation layer, speed of application is fast.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the job practices of one embodiment of the invention wall heat preservation system;
Fig. 2 to Fig. 4 is the structural representation in each step of job practices of one embodiment of the invention wall heat preservation system.
The specific embodiment
The job practices of wall heat preservation system the present invention being proposed below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments is described in further detail.According to the following describes and claims, advantages and features of the invention will be clearer.It should be noted that, accompanying drawing all adopts very the form of simplifying and all uses non-ratio accurately, only in order to convenient, the object of the aid illustration embodiment of the present invention lucidly.
As introduced in background technology, the insulation layer in traditional wall heat preservation system all belongs to the material of difficult combustion level, does not reach the standard of not firing, thereby causes the existence of fire safety evaluating potential problem.
Inventor finds, the ultra-thin vacuum heat insulation materials of STP() material has excellent heat-insulating property, and its coefficient of thermal conductivity can be less than 0.008w/ (mK), and the coefficient of thermal conductivity of traditional EPS material will be higher than 0.022w/ (mK); In addition, STP material also has very excellent flame retardant effect, and its combustibility can reach A level and not fire standard.And the advantage such as STP material also has that density is low, nontoxic, environmental protection and long service life.Inventor has utilized the above-mentioned advantage of STP material cleverly, uses STP material as insulation layer in wall heat preservation system, has not only improved heat insulation effect but also has avoided causing naked light and the fire safety evaluating hidden danger that causes.
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, describe the job practices of wall heat preservation system of the present invention in detail.
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of job practices of the wall heat preservation system of one embodiment of the invention, specifically comprises the steps:
Step 1: form an insulation layer on metope, described insulation layer is STP plate;
Conventionally, as shown in Figure 2, all can form a leveling layer 1 on the metope of building, specifically, leveling layer 1 can be cement mortar screeding layer or polymer mortar leveling layer.
Continuation, with reference to figure 2, first, forms insulation layer 3 on described leveling layer 1.In the present embodiment, insulation layer 3 is selected the STP plate of being made by STP material, because the advantages such as STP material has insulation, do not fire, density is low, nontoxic, environmental protection and long service life, therefore adopt the insulation layer that STP plate is made can reach the effect of heat-insulating and fire-proof, thereby adopt wall heat preservation system that STP plate makes not only to improve heat insulation effect but also avoided causing naked light and the fire safety evaluating hidden danger that causes.
In order to improve the adhesion strength of the leveling layer 1 on insulation layer 3 and metope, preferably, on leveling layer 1, form a tack coat 2, described insulation layer 3 is firmly attached on described metope by described tack coat 2.In order to adapt to different environment, for the wall heat preservation system using under wet environment, tack coat 2 can be chosen as the mortar bonding layer with moisture effect; And for the wall heat preservation system using under conventional environment, tack coat 2 can be selected the gypsum tack coat that price is lower.Meanwhile, the thickness of tack coat can carry out different selections according to the material of tack coat is different, and for example, the thickness of mortar bonding layer is 3mm~5mm, and the thickness of gypsum tack coat is 9mm~11mm.
In the present embodiment, the arrangement mode of the STP plate of insulation layer 3 is identical with polyphenyl plate arrangement mode in insulation layer in wall heat preservation system of the prior art, for the process of typeset of insulation layer 3, does not repeat them here.
Step 2: form an intermediate layer on described insulation layer;
As shown in Figure 3, on described insulation layer 3, form intermediate layer 4, preferred, intermediate layer 4 can be chosen as finishing mucilage, and this finishing mucilage can adopt polymer glue powder, special fiber, multiple auxiliary agent to make in predetermined ratio.Preferably, the thickness in intermediate layer 4 is 2mm~3mm.
Step 3: form a finish coat on described intermediate layer.
Then, as shown in Figure 4, form a finish coat 5 on described intermediate layer 4, described finish coat 5 is bonded together by intermediate layer 4 and described insulation layer 3, has so far formed wall heat preservation system.
Conventionally, finish coat 5 can be selected different materials according to the difference of the actual use occasion of building, for example: external coating or decorating surface brick layer.Because the material of finish coat can affect the surface layer mechanical strength of whole wall heat preservation system; in order to improve the finish coat mechanical strength of wall heat preservation system; can, in forming the step 2 in intermediate layer 4, in described intermediate layer 4, form catch net, to reach the object of improving finish coat mechanical strength.Therefore, need to select catch net according to the different materials of finish coat.Preferably, described catch net comprises the first catch net and the second catch net.
Specifically, form the step of the first catch net and the second catch net as follows:
First, form the first intermediate layer on described insulation layer, finishing mucilage can be selected in the first intermediate layer;
Then, on described the first intermediate layer, form the first catch net, described the first intermediate layer is bonded in the first catch net on described insulation layer;
Then, on described the first catch net, form the second intermediate layer, same, finishing mucilage also can be selected in the second intermediate layer;
Then, on described the second intermediate layer, form the second catch net, described the second intermediate layer is bonded in described the second catch net on described the first catch net, and described the first intermediate layer and described the second intermediate layer form described intermediate layer;
Finally, on described the second catch net, form finish coat, described the first intermediate layer and described the second intermediate layer form described intermediate layer, and are bonded on insulation layer by the intermediate layer being comprised of the first intermediate layer and described the second intermediate layer.
Described the first catch net and described the second catch net can be chosen as alkaline-resisting grid cloth or medium-alkali glass fiber net.During alkaline-resisting grid cloth adopts, alkali-free glass fiber yarn is made, and its Main Ingredients and Appearance is that silicate, chemical stability are good, has intensity high, lightweight, alkali resistant, acidproof, water-fast, water-fast mud etch, and the feature of fire prevention, insulation, can be for strengthening strength of wall body.Medium-alkali glass fiber net adopts glass fiber weaving thing to make, and has the features such as intensity is high, adhibit quality good, polarization is good, is widely used in body of wall enhancing, exterior-wall heat insulation.With respect to medium-alkali glass fiber net, alkaline-resisting grid cloth, because it has good alkali resistant acid resistance, goes for more rugged environment.
Specifically, in the time of in wet environment, described the first catch net and described the second catch net can be selected the better alkaline-resisting grid cloth of environmental suitability.Preferably, when the material of finish coat is external coating, in order to increase the intensity of body of wall, the density of described the first catch net should be lower than the density of described the second catch net, for example: described the first catch net is the alkaline-resisting grid cloth of 60g, described the second catch net is the alkaline-resisting grid cloth of 160g; And when the material of finish coat is decorating surface brick layer; in order to increase the intensity of body of wall, the density of described the first catch net should for example, higher than the density of described the second catch net; described the first catch net is the alkaline-resisting grid cloth of 290g, and described the second catch net is the alkaline-resisting grid cloth of 160g.
When in conventional environment, described the first catch net and described the second catch net are all selected more cheap medium-alkali glass fiber net.When finish coat is external coating, in order to increase the intensity of body of wall, preferably; the density of described the first catch net should be lower than the density of described the second catch net; for example, described the first catch net is 60g medium-alkali glass fiber net, and described the second catch net is 120g medium-alkali glass fiber net.
In the job practices of wall heat preservation system provided by the invention, because insulation layer adopts STP plate, STP plate is except having good heat insulation effect, and its combustibility can reach A level and not fire standard, avoided because of insulation layer, causing the possibility of naked light, thereby eliminated the potential safety hazard that job site exists fire.And, because STP material has the advantages such as nontoxic, environmental protection and long service life, make that the insulation layer quality that is comprised of STP plate is light, thin thickness, and can reach its application life and the same equivalent life of building, thereby make by STP plate is simple as the job practices technique of the wall heat preservation system of insulation layer, speed of application is fast.
Foregoing description is only the description to preferred embodiment of the present invention, the not any restriction to the scope of the invention, and any change, modification that the those of ordinary skill in field of the present invention is done according to above-mentioned disclosure, all belong to the protection domain of claims.

Claims (10)

1. a job practices for wall heat preservation system, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
Step 1: form an insulation layer on described metope, described insulation layer is STP plate;
Step 2: form an intermediate layer on described insulation layer; And
Step 3: form a finish coat on described intermediate layer.
2. the job practices of wall heat preservation system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described step 1 comprises:
On described metope, form a tack coat; And
On described tack coat, form described insulation layer, described insulation layer is attached on described metope.
3. the job practices of wall heat preservation system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, described tack coat is mortar bonding layer, and the thickness of described mortar bonding layer is 3mm~5mm.
4. the job practices of wall heat preservation system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, described tack coat is gypsum tack coat, and the thickness of described gypsum tack coat is 9mm~11mm.
5. the job practices of wall heat preservation system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described step 2 comprises:
On described insulation layer, form the first intermediate layer;
On described the first intermediate layer, form the first catch net;
On described the first catch net, form the second intermediate layer; And
On described the second intermediate layer, form the second catch net, described the first intermediate layer and described the second intermediate layer form described intermediate layer.
6. the job practices of wall heat preservation system as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, described the first catch net and described the second catch net are alkaline-resisting grid cloth, and the density of described the first catch net is lower than the density of described the second catch net.
7. the job practices of wall heat preservation system as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, described the first catch net and described the second catch net are medium-alkali glass fiber net, and the density of described the first catch net is lower than the density of described the second catch net.
8. the job practices of the wall heat preservation system as described in claim 6 or 7, is characterized in that, described finish coat is external coating.
9. the job practices of wall heat preservation system as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, described the first catch net and described the second catch net are alkaline-resisting grid cloth, and the density of described the first catch net is higher than the density of described the second catch net.
10. the job practices of wall heat preservation system as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that, described finish coat is decorating surface brick layer.
CN201310451568.0A 2013-09-27 2013-09-27 Construction method of wall thermal insulation system Pending CN103510629A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310451568.0A CN103510629A (en) 2013-09-27 2013-09-27 Construction method of wall thermal insulation system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310451568.0A CN103510629A (en) 2013-09-27 2013-09-27 Construction method of wall thermal insulation system

Publications (1)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2625469Y (en) * 2003-01-29 2004-07-14 杨德禄 Polystyrene high-strength composite heat-insulation plate
US7249654B2 (en) * 2005-02-09 2007-07-31 Hitachi, Ltd. Heat insulating acoustical structure and carbody shell structure using the same
CN201635198U (en) * 2010-03-09 2010-11-17 上海英硕聚合物材料有限公司 Fire-proof composite thermal insulation system I
CN102518217A (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-06-27 上海英硕聚合材料股份有限公司 Nano aerogel material exterior wall external heat insulation system and construction method thereof
CN203034619U (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-07-03 北京承达创建装饰工程有限公司 Rubber powder polyphenyl granul heat preservation size exterior wall external heat preservation and insulation layer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2625469Y (en) * 2003-01-29 2004-07-14 杨德禄 Polystyrene high-strength composite heat-insulation plate
US7249654B2 (en) * 2005-02-09 2007-07-31 Hitachi, Ltd. Heat insulating acoustical structure and carbody shell structure using the same
CN201635198U (en) * 2010-03-09 2010-11-17 上海英硕聚合物材料有限公司 Fire-proof composite thermal insulation system I
CN102518217A (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-06-27 上海英硕聚合材料股份有限公司 Nano aerogel material exterior wall external heat insulation system and construction method thereof
CN203034619U (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-07-03 北京承达创建装饰工程有限公司 Rubber powder polyphenyl granul heat preservation size exterior wall external heat preservation and insulation layer

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
周凯: "STP超薄绝热外墙保温施工技术", 《科技视界》 *

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Application publication date: 20140115