CN103510236B - A kind of woven fabric, several woven fabric Weaving-machine and weaving method - Google Patents

A kind of woven fabric, several woven fabric Weaving-machine and weaving method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103510236B
CN103510236B CN201310422147.5A CN201310422147A CN103510236B CN 103510236 B CN103510236 B CN 103510236B CN 201310422147 A CN201310422147 A CN 201310422147A CN 103510236 B CN103510236 B CN 103510236B
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warp
selvedge
heald
wise
warp thread
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CN103510236A (en
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李建全
米泓泽
李艾
肖会芳
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WINNER MEDICAL Co.,Ltd.
WINNER MEDICAL SUPPLIES (JINGMEN) Co.,Ltd.
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Sane Medical Supplies Ltd Co
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of woven fabric, several woven fabric Weaving-machine and weaving method, woven fabric comprises the body tissue by body warp thread and body weft yarns, also comprise the warp-wise selvage weave that the warp-wise edge along body tissue is arranged, warp-wise selvage weave is wound mutually by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn; Weaving-machine comprises the heald frame, reed and the brest beams that set gradually, heald frame is also connected with harness threading link plate, also comprise multiple selvedge apparatus and multiple weft yarn cutting device, multiple selvedge apparatus to be arranged on heald frame and to be connected with harness threading link plate, and multiple weft yarn cutting device is arranged on brest beams.The selvedge of woven fabric is that many selvedge warp thread are wound mutually, prevents that yarn is loose to come off.When several woven fabrics are produced simultaneously, the selvedge of multiple selvedge apparatus to every width woven fabric processes, and forms excellent selvedge, and several woven fabrics are carried out truncation by multiple weft yarn cutting device, reach the object of framing.

Description

A kind of woven fabric, several woven fabric Weaving-machine and weaving method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of textiles, be specifically related to woven fabric and make field.
Background technology
In prior art, woven fabric mainly contains two kinds of structures, a kind of woven fabric of structure does not arrange selvage weave at the edge of body tissue, the woven fabric of another kind of structure is provided with selvage weave at the edge of body tissue, selvage weave is generally tuck-in selvage, as shown in Figure 1, be the structural representation of the woven fabric with tuck-in selvage, comprise body tissue, body tissue is interwoven by body warp thread 101 and body weft yarn 102, the warp-wise edge of body tissue is provided with warp-wise selvage weave, for tuck-in selvage 103, for weft-direction cloth Selvage Stitch, when cloth reaches specific length, filling density increases, weft-direction cloth Selvage Stitch can be formed.For the woven fabric not with selvage weave, yarn loose being easy in edge comes off, for the woven fabric of band tuck-in selvage, although selvage weave is excellent, warp thread is not fugitive de-, when manufacturing, the woven fabric with tuck-in selvage of a fabric width can only be weaved at every turn, can not several produce, inefficiency simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Produce while realizing several woven fabrics, and ensure that the woven fabric produced has the excellent selvage weave of not easily decoherencing, the invention provides a kind of woven fabric, several woven fabric Weaving-machine and weaving method.
According to a first aspect of the invention, the invention provides a kind of woven fabric, comprise the body tissue by body warp thread and body weft yarns, also comprise the warp-wise selvage weave that the warp-wise edge along body tissue is arranged, warp-wise selvage weave is wound mutually by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn.
Preferably, warp-wise selvage weave has many groups, often organizes warp-wise selvage weave and is mutually wound by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn.
Preferably, warp-wise selvage weave comprises the first warp-wise stringer tape structure and the second warp-wise stringer tape structure, first warp-wise stringer tape structure organizes two relative warp-wise edges to arrange respectively with the second warp-wise stringer tape structure along body, first warp-wise stringer tape structure has multiple, and each first warp-wise stringer tape structure is wound mutually by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn.
Preferably, the second warp-wise stringer tape structure has multiple, and each second warp-wise stringer tape structure is wound mutually by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn.
According to a second aspect of the invention, the invention provides several woven fabric Weaving-machines a kind of, comprise the heald frame, reed and the brest beams that set gradually, heald frame is also connected with harness threading link plate, also comprises multiple selvedge apparatus and multiple weft yarn cutting device; Multiple selvedge apparatus to be arranged on heald frame and to be connected with harness threading link plate, and multiple weft yarn cutting device is arranged on brest beams.
Preferably, selvedge apparatus comprise the first skeleton heald, the second skeleton heald and U-shaped combine; First skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald are respectively equipped with through hole, and the two ends of the two are all also respectively equipped with hangers; U-shaped combines the through hole penetrated on the first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald, runs through connection first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald, and the first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald are located at the both sides that U-shaped is combined respectively; The two ends that U-shaped is combined are provided with heald end loop, and bottom is provided with harness eye, and the bottom that the U-shaped with harness eye is combined is between the first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald, and heald end loop is hung on harness threading link plate; The hangers be arranged on the first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald two ends then hangs on heald frame.
According to a third aspect of the invention we, the invention provides several woven fabric weaving method a kind of, comprise the denting operation of warp thread and operation of weaving cotton cloth, operation of weaving cotton cloth comprises: be mutually wound around by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn, forms warp-wise selvage weave.
Preferably, denting operation comprises single cloth width denting subprocess of multiple circulation, empty reed after each single cloth width denting subprocess completes, and enter next single cloth width denting subprocess, single cloth width denting subprocess comprises the steps:
S201: the selvedge warp thread for the formation of the first warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed;
S202: the body warp thread for the formation of body tissue is penetrated in the splits of reed;
S203: the selvedge warp thread for the formation of the second warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed.
Preferably, in denting subprocess, also comprise before S202 step after S201 step:
S200: the encryption warp thread being used for encrypting the first warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed;
Also comprise before S203 step after S202 step:
S205: the encryption warp thread being used for encrypting the second warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed.
Preferably, denting operation also comprises the warp-wise stringer tape structure denting subprocess of the whole cloth width be made up of several woven fabrics, and the warp-wise stringer tape structure denting subprocess of whole cloth width comprises the steps:
S206: penetrate in the splits of reed by the selvedge warp thread of the 3rd warp-wise stringer tape structure forming whole cloth width, empty reed afterwards, enters first single cloth width denting subprocess;
S207: complete empty reed after last single cloth width denting subprocess, penetrates the selvedge warp thread of the 4th warp-wise stringer tape structure forming whole cloth width in the splits of reed.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) the warp-wise selvage weave of woven fabric is wound mutually by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn, can not leave excessive thread ends or loose yarn, prevent yarn from coming off.
(2) heald frame of several woven fabric Weaving-machines is provided with multiple selvedge apparatus, when the woven fabric meeting multiple fabric width is produced simultaneously, the warp-wise selvage weave of the woven fabric of each fabric width is processed, forms excellent selvedge; The brest beams of Weaving-machine is provided with multiple weft yarn cutting device, after meeting the woven fabric producing shaped of multiple fabric width, truncation is carried out to the woven fabric of each fabric width, thus the woven fabric of multiple fabric width is separated.
(3) weaving method of several woven fabrics is used for producing several woven fabrics simultaneously, enhances productivity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the woven fabric in prior art with tuck-in selvage;
Fig. 2 is the weaving principle schematic diagram of woven fabric in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is one of structural representation of woven fabric in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation two of woven fabric in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of selvedge apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the principle schematic of several woven fabric Weaving-machines in the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
By reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail below by detailed description of the invention.
The general weaving principle of woven fabric please refer to shown in Fig. 2, warp thread 2 is sent by warp-feeding mechanism from beam of a loom 1, walk around the back rest 3 and menopause tablet 4, the heddle eyelet 6 of heald frame 5 is penetrated according to certain rules by root, again through in the splits of reed 7, heald frame 5 is controlled by shedding mechanism, make up-down alternative motion, warp thread is divided into two-layer, form shed open 8, weft yarn 9 introduces shed open by weft insertion device, pushes weft yarn 9 to fell 10 by reed 7, and the woven fabric formed at fell 10 place is wound on cloth beam 14 through brest beams 11, crimping roller 12, fabric guide roll 13.In weaving process, adopting increases reed and penetrates number and realize the encryption of woven fabric warp-wise selvedge, is rested by curling and timing that is warp-feeding mechanism meanwhile, and forming machine is weaved cotton cloth the encryption of broadwise selvedge and the merogenesis of every section of woven fabric.
Embodiment one:
The present embodiment provides a kind of woven fabric, comprise the body tissue by body warp thread and body weft yarns, edge along body tissue is provided with selvage weave, selvage weave comprises warp-wise selvage weave and weft-direction cloth Selvage Stitch, warp-wise selvage weave is arranged along the warp-wise edge of body tissue, weft-direction cloth Selvage Stitch is arranged along the widthwise edges of body tissue, warp-wise selvage weave is wound mutually by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn, weft-direction cloth Selvage Stitch is formed by broadwise encryption, the formation basic theory of weft-direction cloth Selvage Stitch is same as the prior art, here repeat no more.
In order to better ensure the good characteristic of not easily decoherencing of warp-wise selvage weave, warp-wise selvage weave can arrange many groups, many groups warp-wise selvage weave is arranged in parallel, often organizes warp-wise selvage weave and is mutually wound by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn.Particularly, warp-wise selvage weave comprises the first warp-wise stringer tape structure and the second warp-wise stringer tape structure, first warp-wise stringer tape structure organizes two relative warp-wise edges to arrange respectively with the second warp-wise stringer tape structure along body, first warp-wise stringer tape structure has multiple, multiple first warp-wise stringer tape structure is parallel to each other and as far as possible close, and each first warp-wise stringer tape structure is wound mutually by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn.More preferably, second warp-wise stringer tape structure also can arrange multiple simultaneously, multiple second warp-wise stringer tape structure is parallel to each other and as far as possible close, each second warp-wise stringer tape structure is wound mutually by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn, and many selvedge warp thread are here at least two.
As shown in Figure 3, for having the structural representation of the woven fabric of one group of warp-wise selvage weave, here, one group of warp-wise selvage weave comprises two the warp-wise stringer tape structures organizing two relative warp-wise edges to arrange respectively along body, is the first warp-wise stringer tape structure 203 and the second warp-wise stringer tape structure 204.Body warp thread 201 and body weft yarn 202 interweave and form body tissue, warp-wise edge along body tissue is provided with one group of warp-wise selvage weave, warp-wise selvage weave comprises the first warp-wise stringer tape structure 203 and the second warp-wise stringer tape structure 204, first warp-wise stringer tape structure 203 organizes two relative warp-wise edges to arrange respectively with the second warp-wise stringer tape structure 204 along body, first warp-wise stringer tape structure 203 is wound by the selvedge warp thread 2031 and 2032 interweaved on body weft yarn 202, second warp-wise stringer tape structure 204 is wound by the selvedge warp thread 2041 and 2042 interweaved on body weft yarn 202.
Certainly, warp-wise selvage weave can also be set to many groups, and many groups refer at least two groups, illustrate here for two groups.Be illustrated in figure 4 the structural representation of the woven fabric with two groups of warp-wise selvage weaves, body warp thread 205 and body weft yarn 206 interweave and form body tissue, warp-wise edge along body tissue is provided with warp-wise selvage weave, warp-wise selvage weave comprises the first warp-wise stringer tape structure and the second warp-wise stringer tape structure, first warp-wise stringer tape structure organizes two relative warp-wise edges to arrange respectively with the second warp-wise stringer tape structure along body, here, first warp-wise stringer tape structure and the second warp-wise stringer tape structure are respectively two, in first warp-wise stringer tape structure two are only shown in Fig. 4, be 207 and 208, second warp-wise stringer tape structure and the first warp-wise stringer tape structure are axisymmetricly, 207 are wound by the selvedge warp thread 2071 and 2072 interweaved on body weft yarn 206, 208 are wound by the selvedge warp thread 2081 and 2082 interweaved on body weft yarn 206.
Certainly, first warp-wise stringer tape structure and the second warp-wise stringer tape structure also can asymmetricly be arranged, such as: the first warp-wise stringer tape structure is one, second warp-wise stringer tape structure is the analogues such as two, under normal circumstances, in order to make woven fabric more attractive in appearance, the first warp-wise stringer tape structure and the second warp-wise stringer tape structure are symmetrical arranged, and the two number is consistent.
The selvedge of woven fabric is that the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn are wound, and weft-direction cloth Selvage Stitch adopts broadwise encryption, like this, woven fabric has excellent selvage weave, selvage weave can not leave excessive thread ends or loose yarn, can effectively prevent yarn from coming off.
Embodiment two:
The present embodiment provides several woven fabric Weaving-machines a kind of, carry out weaving of several woven fabrics, several woven fabric Weaving-machines comprise: the beam of a loom set gradually, the back rest 3, warp stop sheet 4, heald frame 5, reed 7, brest beams 11, crimping roller 12, fabric guide roll and cloth beam, heald frame is also connected with harness threading link plate, also comprise multiple selvedge apparatus 15 and multiple weft yarn cutting device 16, multiple selvedge apparatus 15 to be arranged on heald frame 5 and to be connected with harness threading link plate, harness threading link plate drives multiple selvedge apparatus to move, carry out weaving of the warp-wise selvage weave of several woven fabrics, multiple weft yarn cutting device 16 is arranged on brest beams 11, for blocking weft yarn, carry out the framing of several woven fabrics.As preferably, multiple weft yarn cutting device is set in qually spaced on brest beams, and several woven fabric fabric widths woven like this are identical.It should be noted that in addition, several in the present embodiment are at least two width, multiple selvedge apparatus 15 is determined by the width number of the woven fabric produced at every turn with the quantity of multiple weft yarn cutting device 16, the position of many groups selvedge apparatus on heald frame 5 is determined by the fabric width of the every width woven fabric produced, when weft yarn cutting device 16 is arranged on brest beams 11, should just to the position of empty reed 17, the particular location of weft yarn cutting device 16 arranges and also needs to determine in the position corresponding through brest beams 11 space-time reed 17 place according to cloth on machine, the object arranging sky reed 17 is convenient to weft yarn cutting device block weft yarn and carry out woven fabric framing.
Please refer to Fig. 5, selvedge apparatus comprises the first skeleton heald 1501, second skeleton heald 1502 and U-shaped combines 1503; First skeleton heald 1501 and the second skeleton heald 1502 are respectively equipped with through hole 1504, and the two ends of the two are all also respectively equipped with hangers 1505; U-shaped is combined 1503 and is penetrated through hole 1504 on the first skeleton heald 1501 and the second skeleton heald 1502, runs through connection first skeleton heald 1501 and the second skeleton heald 1502, first skeleton heald 1501 and the second skeleton heald 1502 and is located at the both sides that U-shaped combines 1503 respectively; The two ends that U-shaped combines 1503 are provided with heald end loop 1506, and bottom is provided with harness eye, and the U-shaped with harness eye combines the bottom of 1503 between the first skeleton heald 1501 and the second skeleton heald 1502, and heald end loop 1506 is hung on harness threading link plate; The hangers 1505 be arranged on the first skeleton heald 1501 and the second skeleton heald 1502 two ends hangs on heald frame 5.Moving up and down of harness threading link plate drives U-shaped comprehensive 1503 to move up and down; Simultaneously according to line version rule, heald frame 5 is driven by harness threading link plate and moves up and down.
Please refer to Fig. 2 and 6, in the weaving process of several woven fabrics, all body warp thread and selvedge warp thread are simultaneously through warp stop sheet 4, the two passes the heddle eyelet 6 of heald on heald frame 5 according to certain rules again by root, now, the selvedge warp thread of every width woven fabric is then through the selvedge apparatus 15 corresponding be with it arranged on heald frame 5, and afterwards, all body warp thread and selvedge warp thread are simultaneously again through the splits of reed 7.In denting operation, (warp-wise selvage weave adopts increase encryption warp thread reed to penetrate number and realizes encryption to follow yarn encryption, simultaneously, rested by curling and timing that is warp-feeding mechanism, form the encryption of broadwise selvedge) and each fabric width between the rule of empty reed, wherein, every reed penetrate number (the warp thread radical namely in unit length) directly affects woven fabric through close, the density of 1 yarn 1 reed is selected for the body warp thread of body tissue, so selvedge warp thread then adopts 2 yarn 1 reeds when denting, between the fabric width and fabric width of several woven fabrics, also must leave sky reed (splits of so-called empty reed and part reed 7 not to be entried simultaneously, as in Fig. 6,17 represent empty reed).Stock size due to woven fabric is 30cm*30cm, and when the cloth length of woven woven fabric is for 30cm, filling density increases, and forms broadwise selvedge; Afterwards, there will be the blank of one section of weft yarn, this section of blank is the broadwise severing point of woven fabric, will form warp thread limit palpus after severing.
Said above, in several woven fabric Weaving-machines, the number of selvedge apparatus and weft yarn cutting device is determined by the width number of the woven fabric produced at every turn, weave three width woven fabrics for Weaving-machine here simultaneously and the warp yarns Selvage Stitch of single cloth width woven fabric only has one group (namely warp-wise selvage weave only includes two warp-wise stringer tape structures that the two warp-wise edges along body tissue are arranged respectively) time point situation explanation.
1. the uniformity of three width woven fabrics when finally becoming cloth if do not consider, now, do not need to arrange warp thread to form two warp-wise selvedges of whole cloth width in the both sides of whole cloth width (so-called whole cloth width refers to the entirety be made up of before framing three width woven fabrics), thus do not need to utilize weft yarn cutting device to be blocked by two warp-wise selvedges of whole cloth width, so, weft yarn cutting device is 2, and selvedge apparatus is 3 groups 6.
If 2. consider the uniformity of three width woven fabrics during last one-tenth cloth, now, need in the both sides of whole cloth width to arrange warp thread to form two warp-wise selvedges of whole cloth width, thus need to utilize weft yarn cutting device to be blocked by two warp-wise selvedges of whole cloth width, so, weft yarn cutting device is 4, and selvedge apparatus is 3 groups 6, is illustrated in figure 6 structure diagram when Weaving-machine weaves three width woven fabrics simultaneously.
The heald frame of several woven fabric Weaving-machines is provided with and organizes selvedge apparatus more, when the woven fabric meeting multiple fabric width is produced simultaneously, the warp-wise selvage weave of the woven fabric of each fabric width is processed, make that every shaping woven fabric still can exist excellent selvedge, reach the good characteristic that selvedge closely not easily scatters; The brest beams of Weaving-machine is provided with multiple weft yarn cutting device, multiple weft yarn cutting device and empty reed one_to_one corresponding, after the woven fabric producing shaped of multiple fabric width, truncation is carried out to the woven fabric of each fabric width, reaches the object to several woven fabric framings.
Embodiment three:
The present embodiment provides several woven fabric weaving method a kind of, weaving process flow process is: warping, and---sizing---weave cotton cloth by denting---quiling---, wherein, warping, sizing are same as the prior art, here no longer describe in detail, in the present embodiment, the denting operation in several woven fabric weaving method and operation of weaving cotton cloth are described in detail.
Several woven fabric weaving method a kind of, comprise the denting operation of warp thread and operation of weaving cotton cloth, operation of weaving cotton cloth comprises: be mutually wound around by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn, forms warp-wise selvage weave.
Particularly, because warp-wise selvage weave comprises two two warp-wise stringer tape structures organizing two relative warp-wise edges to arrange respectively along body, therefore, weaving for several woven fabrics, operation of weaving cotton cloth is corresponding to be comprised multiple identical and warp-wise stringer tape structure that is that synchronously carry out forms subprocess, and each warp-wise stringer tape structure forms subprocess and comprises:
S101: the first skeleton heald 1501 rises, and the second skeleton heald 1502 declines, and U-shaped is combined 1503 and also risen with the first skeleton heald 1501, arrives and combines mean place;
S102: the first skeleton heald 1501 continues to rise, second selvedge 1502 is combined and is continued to decline, arrive respective position, highest and lowest respectively, U-shaped is combined 1503 and is also declined with the second skeleton heald 1502, the first selvedge warp thread 1507 for the formation of warp-wise stringer tape structure passes harness eye, become lower layer warp yarns, the second selvedge warp thread 1508 for the formation of warp-wise stringer tape structure slides to the side that U-shaped combines 1503, and lift motion by lever jack, second selvedge warp thread 1508 is combined on 1503 and first gaps between selvedge warp thread 1507 along U-shaped and is risen, and becomes top line;
S103: after completing wefting insertion by weft insertion device, the first skeleton heald 1501 declines, and the second skeleton heald 1502 rises, and arrives and combines mean place, and U-shaped is combined 1503 and also risen to comprehensive mean place with the second skeleton heald 1502 risen;
S104: the first skeleton heald 1501 continues to decline, second skeleton heald 1502 continues to rise, arrive the most lower respective and uppermost position in fig-ure respectively, U-shaped comprehensive 1503 is followed the first skeleton heald 1501 and is declined, first selvedge warp thread 1507 becomes lower layer warp yarns, and the second selvedge warp thread 1508 slides into the opposite side that U-shaped combines 1503, and lifts motion by lever jack, second selvedge warp thread 1508 is combined on 1503 and second gaps between skeleton heald 1502 along U-shaped and is risen, and becomes top line.So repeatedly just can form the warp-wise stringer tape structure shown in Fig. 3.
Above-mentioned steps S101, S102, S103 and S104 form a circulation jointly, after multiple circulation, form the some warp-wise stringer tape structures in single cloth width two warp-wise stringer tape structures, such as the first warp-wise stringer tape structure or the second warp-wise stringer tape structure.Many cloth width Weaving-machine carries out many cloth width when weaving, such as three cloth width are weaved simultaneously, each single cloth width has 2 warp-wise stringer tape structures, three cloth width have 6 warp-wise stringer tape structures with regard to one, the formation of these 6 warp-wise stringer tape structures synchronously carries out, and the formation subprocess of each warp-wise stringer tape structure comprises multiple above-mentioned circulation be made up of step S101, S102, S103 and S104.
In the weaving method of several woven fabrics, denting operation comprises single cloth width denting subprocess of multiple circulation, empty reed after each single cloth width denting subprocess completes, and enter next single cloth width denting subprocess, single cloth width denting subprocess comprises the steps:
S201: the selvedge warp thread for the formation of the first warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed;
S202: the body warp thread for the formation of body tissue is penetrated in the splits of reed;
S203: the selvedge warp thread for the formation of the second warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed.
As preferably, in order to realize the encryption of woven fabric warp-wise, in denting subprocess, also comprise before S202 step after S201 step:
S200: the encryption warp thread being used for encrypting the first warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed;
Also comprise before S203 step after S202 step:
S205: the encryption warp thread being used for encrypting the second warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed.
As preferably, in order to ensure the uniformity simultaneously between several woven fabrics woven, denting operation also comprises the warp-wise stringer tape structure denting subprocess of the whole cloth width that son is made up of several woven fabrics, and the warp-wise stringer tape structure denting subprocess of whole cloth width comprises the steps:
S206: penetrate in the splits of reed by the selvedge warp thread of the 3rd warp-wise stringer tape structure forming whole cloth width, empty reed afterwards, enters first single cloth width denting subprocess;
S207: complete empty reed after last single cloth width denting subprocess, penetrates the selvedge warp thread of the 4th warp-wise stringer tape structure forming whole cloth width in the splits of reed.
The interval of several woven fabrics between same latitude can be realized, by realizing the encryption of warp-wise stringer tape structure in splits that encryption warp thread is penetrated reed by empty reed.After beating device, woven fabric is shaping, shaping woven fabric can under the traction of coiled body rolling, many group weft yarn cutting devices are had before shaping woven fabric arrives coiled body, for the connection between each width woven fabric of severing, and for the connection between the 3rd warp-wise stringer tape structure that blocks whole cloth width (so-called whole cloth width refers to the entirety be made up of before framing several woven fabrics) and the first width woven fabric, also for blocking the connection between the 4th warp-wise stringer tape structure of whole cloth width and last width woven fabric, like this, after woven fabric rolling multiple independently narrow volumes.Grey cloth inspection process is entered after weaving, whole after being exactly afterwards, wholely afterwards to comprise: destarch (woven fabric then now needs destarch through sizing process)-bleaching-oven dry-inspection-warp-wise severing is with folding, the destarch together of several woven fabrics, bleaching, dry, if woven fabric have passed through the operation of starching before weaving, then rear whole in need the operation of destarch, then starching is needed when the weft density of woven fabric reaches certain value, such as then do not need starching when the weft density of woven fabric is 26*18, when the weft density of woven fabric be 30*20 or 30*30 or larger time then need starching.
Citing below describes the denting operation in several woven fabric weaving process in detail, to weave three width woven fabrics simultaneously.The body of the woven fabric (single cloth width woven fabric) of a general fabric width is organized as 330 warp thread, and encryption warp thread is 20 warp thread, and selvedge warp thread is 4.Due to the woven fabric of 3 fabric widths once can be produced, now, the woven fabric warp thread quantity altogether of 3 fabric widths is that 12 selvedge warp thread added by 1050 warp thread, (refer to the entirety be made up of before framing three width woven fabrics at whole cloth width simultaneously, totally 3 fabric widths) the most left and rightmost (noun of locality occurred in the present embodiment as the left side and the right be all with woven fabric to weave direction be dead ahead) also have several warp thread to ensure the uniformity of three width woven fabrics, be set as that each limit warp thread is 10 here.So, in denting operation, the 3rd warp-wise stringer tape structure (a whole cloth leftmost warp-wise stringer tape structure) 10 warp thread of whole cloth width before this, 2 yarn 1 reeds; Then empty 10 reeds, start first single cloth width denting subprocess, the namely denting subprocess of the woven fabric of first fabric width afterwards.During first single cloth width denting, selvedge warp thread 22 yarn 1 reeds of first warp-wise stringer tape structure of the woven fabric of first fabric width before this, encryption warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds again, body warp thread 330 1 yarn 1 reeds again, being encryption warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds again, is finally selvedge warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds of the second warp-wise stringer tape structure of the woven fabric of first fabric width; Then empty 10 reeds, start second single cloth width denting subprocess, the namely denting subprocess of the woven fabric of second fabric width afterwards.During second single cloth width denting, the first warp-wise stringer tape structure 22 yarn 1 reeds of the woven fabric of second fabric width before this, encryption warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds again, body warp thread 330 1 yarn 1 reeds again, being encryption warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds again, is finally selvedge warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds, then empty 10 reeds of the second warp-wise stringer tape structure of the woven fabric of second fabric width, start the 3rd single cloth width denting subprocess afterwards, namely last single cloth width denting subprocess.During the 3rd single cloth width denting, selvedge warp thread 22 yarn 1 reeds of first warp-wise stringer tape structure of the woven fabric of the 3rd fabric width before this, encryption warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds successively again, body warp thread 330 1 yarn 1 reeds more successively, encryption warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds more successively, finally selvedge warp thread 10 2 yarn 1 reeds of the second warp-wise stringer tape structure of the woven fabric of the 3rd fabric width, then empty 10 reeds, finally the 4th warp-wise stringer tape structure (a whole cloth rightmost warp-wise stringer tape structure) 10 warp thread of whole cloth width, 2 yarn 1 reeds.At brest beams 11 place, woven fabric is shaping, installs multiple weft yarn cutting device 16,4 weft yarn cutting devices 16 by the weft yarn severing of woven fabric, reach the object of framing, then form 3 cloths at empty reed 17 place of correspondence, continues winding, cloth beam becomes 3 volumes.The detailed description that numeral involved by above-mentioned citing only does denting operation is used, does not form restriction effect to the present invention, as 6 selvedge warp thread, then can be 3 yarn 1 reeds, during empty reed, as long as ensure that vacating certain distance is convenient to block framing.
Above content is in conjunction with concrete embodiment further description made for the present invention, can not assert that specific embodiment of the invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some simple deduction or replace can also be made.

Claims (1)

1. use a weaving method for several woven fabrics of several woven fabric Weaving-machines, comprise the denting operation of warp thread and operation of weaving cotton cloth, it is characterized in that,
Several woven fabric Weaving-machines described comprise the heald frame, reed and the brest beams that set gradually, and heald frame is also connected with harness threading link plate, also comprise multiple selvedge apparatus and multiple weft yarn cutting device; Described multiple selvedge apparatus to be arranged on described heald frame and to be connected with harness threading link plate, and described multiple weft yarn cutting device is arranged on described brest beams; Described selvedge apparatus comprises the first skeleton heald, the second skeleton heald and U-shaped and combines; Described first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald are respectively equipped with through hole, and the two ends of the two are all also respectively equipped with hangers; Described U-shaped combines the through hole penetrated on described first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald, runs through and connects described first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald, and described first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald are located at the both sides that described U-shaped is combined respectively; The two ends that described U-shaped is combined are provided with heald end loop, and bottom is provided with harness eye, and the bottom that the U-shaped with harness eye is combined is between described first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald, and heald end loop is hung on described harness threading link plate; The hangers be arranged on described first skeleton heald and the second skeleton heald two ends then hangs on described heald frame;
Described operation of weaving cotton cloth comprises: be mutually wound around by the many selvedge warp thread interweaved on body weft yarn, forms warp-wise selvage weave;
Each warp-wise selvage weave forms subprocess and comprises:
S101: the first skeleton heald rises, and the second skeleton heald declines, and U-shaped is combined and also risen with the first skeleton heald, arrives and combines mean place;
S102: the first skeleton heald continues to rise, second skeleton heald continues to decline, arrive respective position, highest and lowest respectively, U-shaped is combined and is also declined with the second skeleton heald, and the first selvedge warp thread for the formation of warp-wise stringer tape structure passes harness eye, becomes lower layer warp yarns, the second selvedge warp thread for the formation of warp-wise stringer tape structure slides to the side that U-shaped is combined, and lift motion by lever jack, the second selvedge warp thread is combined on the gap between the first selvedge warp thread along U-shaped and is risen, and becomes top line;
S103: after completing wefting insertion by weft insertion device, the first skeleton heald declines, and the second skeleton heald rises, and arrives and combines mean place, and the second skeleton heald that U-shaped is combined with rising also rises to comprehensive mean place;
S104: the first skeleton heald continues to decline, second skeleton heald continues to rise, arrive the most lower respective and uppermost position in fig-ure respectively, U-shaped is combined and is followed the first skeleton heald decline, first selvedge warp thread becomes lower layer warp yarns, and the second selvedge warp thread slides into the opposite side that U-shaped is combined, and lifts motion by lever jack, second selvedge warp thread is combined on the gap between the second skeleton heald along U-shaped and is risen, and becomes top line;
Described denting operation comprises single cloth width denting subprocess of multiple circulation, empty reed after each single cloth width denting subprocess completes, and enter next single cloth width denting subprocess, single cloth width denting subprocess comprises the steps:
S201: the selvedge warp thread for the formation of the first warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed;
S202: the body warp thread for the formation of body tissue is penetrated in the splits of reed;
S203: the selvedge warp thread for the formation of the second warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed;
In described single cloth width denting subprocess, also comprise before S202 step after S201 step:
S200: the encryption warp thread being used for encrypting the first warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed;
Also comprise before S203 step after S202 step:
S205: the encryption warp thread being used for encrypting the second warp-wise stringer tape structure is penetrated in the splits of reed;
Described denting operation also comprises the warp-wise stringer tape structure denting subprocess of the whole cloth width be made up of several woven fabrics, and the warp-wise stringer tape structure denting subprocess of described whole cloth width comprises the steps:
S206: penetrate in the splits of reed by the selvedge warp thread of the 3rd warp-wise stringer tape structure forming whole cloth width, empty reed afterwards, enters first single cloth width denting subprocess;
S207: complete empty reed after last single cloth width denting subprocess, penetrates the selvedge warp thread of the 4th warp-wise stringer tape structure forming whole cloth width in the splits of reed.
CN201310422147.5A 2013-09-16 2013-09-16 A kind of woven fabric, several woven fabric Weaving-machine and weaving method Active CN103510236B (en)

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