CN103509229B - A kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS Download PDF

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CN103509229B
CN103509229B CN201310473972.8A CN201310473972A CN103509229B CN 103509229 B CN103509229 B CN 103509229B CN 201310473972 A CN201310473972 A CN 201310473972A CN 103509229 B CN103509229 B CN 103509229B
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CN103509229A (en
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谢华
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Bengbu Shangwei Intellectual Property Operations Co., Ltd.
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Lvbao Cable Group Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/06Polyethene
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B3/00Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties
    • H01B3/18Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances
    • H01B3/30Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes
    • H01B3/44Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes vinyl resins; acrylic resins
    • H01B3/441Insulators or insulating bodies characterised by the insulating materials; Selection of materials for their insulating or dielectric properties mainly consisting of organic substances plastics; resins; waxes vinyl resins; acrylic resins from alkenes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K2201/00Specific properties of additives
    • C08K2201/014Additives containing two or more different additives of the same subgroup in C08K
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/08Stabilised against heat, light or radiation or oxydation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/22Halogen free composition
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2203/00Applications
    • C08L2203/20Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets
    • C08L2203/202Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets use in electrical wires or wirecoating
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend
    • C08L2205/035Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend containing four or more polymers in a blend
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2312/00Crosslinking
    • C08L2312/06Crosslinking by radiation

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS, prepared by the component raw material of following weight part and obtain: polythene PE 40-50, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) RESINS 30-40, chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber CSM2305? 20-30, ethene and acrylate copolymer 10-12, chlorohydrin rubber T3100? 10-15, epoxy soybean oil 5-10, carbonyl iron dust 2-3, high abrasion furnace carbon black N330? 10-12, light calcium carbonate 5-10, zinc oxide 1-2, wollastonite powder 5-10, vermiculite 4-5, ptfe micropowder 1-2, graphite 1-2, nano boron carbide 1-2, ferric oxide 2-3, UV light absorber UV-O? 0.1-0.2, ultraviolet absorbent UV-531? 0.1-0.2, fire retardant TBC? 0.1-0.2, hypo-aluminum orthophosphate 10-12, decabromodiphynly oxide 5-8, dioctyl terephthalate 8-10, trioctyl trimellitate 6-8, triethyl citrate 8-10, calcium stearate 1-2, stearic acid 0.2-0.4, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.1-0.2, ethylene bis stearamide 0.2-0.3, dicumyl peroxide DCP0.1-0.2, modified filler 12-15.CABLE MATERIALS of the present invention has fire-retardant, uvioresistant, ageing-resistant characteristic, has good mechanical property, environmental protection simultaneously.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS
Technical field
The present invention relates to CABLE MATERIALS field, be specifically related to a kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS.
Background technology
Electric wire has the effect of power transmission and information conveyance, plays an important role in people's life and production.Design and prepare low cigarette, low toxicity, possessing again the CABLE MATERIALS of excellent fire-retardancy and insulating property simultaneously, become the focus of current fire-retardant research.Traditional magnesium hydroxide and aluminium hydroxide based flame retardant, although the flame retardant properties that material is good can be given, but, matrix resin due to most of CABLE MATERIALS is nonpolar polyolefins polymer, poor with the consistency of the magnesium hydroxide of polarity, aluminium hydroxide, often reduce mechanical property and the processing characteristics of material.Work out and both there is good flame retardant properties, there is environmental-protecting performance simultaneously, good machinability, preferably the CABLE MATERIALS material of insulating property become the direction of CABLE MATERIALS development, the present invention is by adding modified filler, substantially increase the consistency of storeroom, while improve the machining property of CABLE MATERIALS, also assures that the anti-flaming environment-friendly of CABLE MATERIALS.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS and preparation method thereof.The cable be processed into by CABLE MATERIALS of the present invention has good, the low cigarette of ultraviolet resistance, ageing-resistant, and flame retardant properties is good.
The technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS, is characterized in that, is prepared and obtains: polythene PE 40-50 by the component raw material of following weight part, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) RESINS 30-40, chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber CSM230520-30, ethene and acrylate copolymer 10-12, chlorohydrin rubber T310010-15 epoxy soybean oil 5-10, carbonyl iron dust 2-3, high abrasion furnace carbon black N330 10-12, light calcium carbonate 5-10, zinc oxide 1-2, wollastonite powder 5-10, vermiculite 4-5, ptfe micropowder 1-2, graphite 1-2, nano boron carbide 1-2, ferric oxide 2-3, UV light absorber UV-O0.1-0.2, ultraviolet absorbent UV-531 0.1-0.2, fire retardant TBC0.1-0.2, hypo-aluminum orthophosphate 10-12, decabromodiphynly oxide 5-8, dioctyl terephthalate 8-10, trioctyl trimellitate 6-8, triethyl citrate 8-10, calcium stearate 1-2, stearic acid 0.2-0.4, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.1-0.2, ethylene bis stearamide 0.2-0.3, dicumyl peroxide DCP0.1-0.2, modified filler 12-15,
Described modified filler is prepared by following method and obtains: a. takes off the raw material of row weight part: kaolin 180-190, medical stone 30-34, nano-sized carbon 1-2, xitix 1-2, coix seed oil 1-2, aluminum nitride powder 1-2, Zinc Gluconate 2-3, jade powder 2-3, polyisobutene 2-3, aluminate coupling agent DL-4111-2, stearic acid 2-3, antioxidant 1010 1-2;
B, kaolin, medical stone are calcined 5-6h at 450-480 DEG C, be cooled to room temperature, after taking-up, add in the sodium hydroxide solution of 3-4% and grind 1-2 hour, then, add the hydrochloric acid soln of 12-15%, adjust ph is 4-5, ageing 10-15 hour, and repeated hydrogenation sodium hydroxide solution regulates lapping liquid pH to be neutral, filter, dry and obtain filler powder;
C, above-mentioned gained powder to be mixed with other remaining component, and even with the high speed dispersion of 8000-10000 rev/min, to obtain final product.
Described photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS, it is characterized in that, prepared by the component raw material of following weight part and obtain: polythene PE 45, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) RESINS 35, chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber CSM230526, ethene and acrylate copolymer 11, chlorohydrin rubber T310013, epoxy soybean oil 7, carbonyl iron dust 3, high abrasion furnace carbon black N330 11, light calcium carbonate 8, zinc oxide 1, wollastonite powder 6, vermiculite 4, ptfe micropowder 1, graphite 1, nano boron carbide 1, ferric oxide 2, UV light absorber UV-O0.1, ultraviolet absorbent UV-531 0.2, fire retardant TBC0.1, hypo-aluminum orthophosphate 12, decabromodiphynly oxide 7, dioctyl terephthalate 9, trioctyl trimellitate 7, triethyl citrate 9, calcium stearate 2, stearic acid 0.3, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.1, ethylene bis stearamide 0.3, dicumyl peroxide DCP0.1, modified filler 14,
Described modified filler is prepared by following method and obtains: a. takes off the raw material of row weight part: kaolin 185, medical stone 32, nano-sized carbon 1, xitix 1, coix seed oil 2, aluminum nitride powder 2, Zinc Gluconate 2, jade powder 3, polyisobutene 2, aluminate coupling agent DL-4111, stearic acid 2, antioxidant 1010 1;
B, kaolin, medical stone are calcined 5-6h at 450-480 DEG C, be cooled to room temperature, after taking-up, add in the sodium hydroxide solution of 3-4% and grind 1-2 hour, then, add the hydrochloric acid soln of 12-15%, adjust ph is 4-5, ageing 10-15 hour, and repeated hydrogenation sodium hydroxide solution regulates lapping liquid pH to be neutral, filter, dry and obtain filler powder;
C, above-mentioned gained powder to be mixed with other remaining component, and even with the high speed dispersion of 8000-10000 rev/min, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of CABLE MATERIALS of the present invention:
Each constitutive material is taken by formula rate, constitutive material is dropped into homogenizer mixing 10-15min, blowing, then high-energy electron beam irradiation is carried out to the compound mixed, irradiation energy is 180kGy, compound after irradiation is put in twin screw extruder, extruding pelletization, enter after carrying out drying in hot air dryer again, obtain photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS, when extruding, twin screw extruder temperature is set to: feeding section 114 DEG C, melt zone 175 DEG C, melt conveying zone 175-182 DEG C, mixing section 190 DEG C, homogenizing zone 185 DEG C, head metering zone 185 DEG C.
Beneficial effect
The polyolefin resin compound system of the selected high-quality of the present invention and have employed adding of the composite synergistic system of fire retardant and modified filler, make material itself have extremely excellent flame retardant properties, consistency between anti-ultraviolet aging performance, simultaneously formula materials is fine, good mechanical performance, with the electric wire that this CABLE MATERIALS processes, there is fire-retardant, uvioresistant, ageing-resistant characteristic, there is good mechanical property, environmental protection simultaneously.
Embodiment
A kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS, prepared by the component raw material of following weight (kg) and obtain:
Polythene PE 45, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) RESINS 35, chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber CSM230526, ethene and acrylate copolymer 11, chlorohydrin rubber T310013, epoxy soybean oil 7, carbonyl iron dust 3, high abrasion furnace carbon black N330 11, light calcium carbonate 8, zinc oxide 1, wollastonite powder 6, vermiculite 4, ptfe micropowder 1, graphite 1, nano boron carbide 1, ferric oxide 2, UV light absorber UV-O0.1, ultraviolet absorbent UV-531 0.2, fire retardant TBC0.1, hypo-aluminum orthophosphate 12, decabromodiphynly oxide 7, dioctyl terephthalate 9, trioctyl trimellitate 7, triethyl citrate 9, calcium stearate 2, stearic acid 0.3, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.1, ethylene bis stearamide 0.3, dicumyl peroxide DCP0.1, modified filler 14,
Wherein, modified filler is prepared by following method and obtains:
Modified filler is prepared by following method and obtains: a. takes off the raw material of row weight part: kaolin 185, medical stone 32, nano-sized carbon 1, xitix 1, coix seed oil 2, aluminum nitride powder 2, Zinc Gluconate 2, jade powder 3, polyisobutene 2, aluminate coupling agent DL-4111, stearic acid 2, antioxidant 1010 1;
B, kaolin, medical stone are calcined 5-6h at 450-480 DEG C, be cooled to room temperature, after taking-up, add in the sodium hydroxide solution of 3-4% and grind 1-2 hour, then, add the hydrochloric acid soln of 12-15%, adjust ph is 4-5, ageing 10-15 hour, and repeated hydrogenation sodium hydroxide solution regulates lapping liquid pH to be neutral, filter, dry and obtain filler powder;
C, above-mentioned gained powder to be mixed with other remaining component, and even with the high speed dispersion of 8000-10000 rev/min, to obtain final product.
The photovoltaic cable preparation method of irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS:
Each constitutive material is taken by formula rate, constitutive material is dropped into homogenizer mixing 10-15min, blowing, then high-energy electron beam irradiation is carried out to the compound mixed, irradiation energy is 180kGy, compound after irradiation is put in twin screw extruder, extruding pelletization, enter after carrying out drying in hot air dryer again, obtain photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS, when extruding, twin screw extruder temperature is set to: feeding section 114 DEG C, melt zone 175 DEG C, melt conveying zone 175-182 DEG C, mixing section 190 DEG C, homogenizing zone 185 DEG C, head metering zone 185 DEG C.
The performance test results of the CABLE MATERIALS that the present embodiment obtains is as following table:

Claims (2)

1. a photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke flame-proof polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS, is characterized in that, is prepared and obtains: polythene PE 40-50 by the component raw material of following weight part, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) RESINS 30-40, chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber CSM230520-30, ethene and acrylate copolymer 10-12, chlorohydrin rubber T310010-15 epoxy soybean oil 5-10, carbonyl iron dust 2-3, high abrasion furnace carbon black N330 10-12, light calcium carbonate 5-10, zinc oxide 1-2, wollastonite powder 5-10, vermiculite 4-5, ptfe micropowder 1-2, graphite 1-2, nano boron carbide 1-2, ferric oxide 2-3, UV light absorber UV-O0.1-0.2, ultraviolet absorbent UV-531 0.1-0.2, fire retardant TBC0.1-0.2, hypo-aluminum orthophosphate 10-12, decabromodiphynly oxide 5-8, dioctyl terephthalate 8-10, trioctyl trimellitate 6-8, triethyl citrate 8-10, calcium stearate 1-2, stearic acid 0.2-0.4, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.1-0.2, ethylene bis stearamide 0.2-0.3, dicumyl peroxide DCP0.1-0.2, modified filler 12-15,
Described modified filler is prepared by following method and obtains: a. takes off the raw material of row weight part: kaolin 180-190, medical stone 30-34, nano-sized carbon 1-2, xitix 1-2, coix seed oil 1-2, aluminum nitride powder 1-2, Zinc Gluconate 2-3, jade powder 2-3, polyisobutene 2-3, aluminate coupling agent DL-4111-2, stearic acid 2-3, antioxidant 1010 1-2;
B, kaolin, medical stone are calcined 5-6h at 450-480 DEG C, be cooled to room temperature, after taking-up, add in the sodium hydroxide solution of 3-4% and grind 1-2 hour, then, add the hydrochloric acid soln of 12-15%, adjust ph is 4-5, ageing 10-15 hour, and repeated hydrogenation sodium hydroxide solution regulates lapping liquid pH to be neutral, filter, dry and obtain filler powder;
C, above-mentioned gained powder to be mixed with other remaining component, and even with the high speed dispersion of 8000-10000 rev/min, to obtain final product.
2. photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke flame-proof polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, prepared by the component raw material of following weight part and obtain: polythene PE 45, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) RESINS 35, chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubber CSM230526, ethene and acrylate copolymer 11, chlorohydrin rubber T310013, epoxy soybean oil 7, carbonyl iron dust 3, high abrasion furnace carbon black N330 11, light calcium carbonate 8, zinc oxide 1, wollastonite powder 6, vermiculite 4, ptfe micropowder 1, graphite 1, nano boron carbide 1, ferric oxide 2, UV light absorber UV-O0.1, ultraviolet absorbent UV-531 0.2, fire retardant TBC0.1, hypo-aluminum orthophosphate 12, decabromodiphynly oxide 7, dioctyl terephthalate 9, trioctyl trimellitate 7, triethyl citrate 9, calcium stearate 2, stearic acid 0.3, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.1, ethylene bis stearamide 0.3, dicumyl peroxide DCP0.1, modified filler 14,
Described modified filler is prepared by following method and obtains: a. takes off the raw material of row weight part: kaolin 185, medical stone 32, nano-sized carbon 1, xitix 1, coix seed oil 2, aluminum nitride powder 2, Zinc Gluconate 2, jade powder 3, polyisobutene 2, aluminate coupling agent DL-4111, stearic acid 2, antioxidant 1010 1;
B, kaolin, medical stone are calcined 5-6h at 450-480 DEG C, be cooled to room temperature, after taking-up, add in the sodium hydroxide solution of 3-4% and grind 1-2 hour, then, add the hydrochloric acid soln of 12-15%, adjust ph is 4-5, ageing 10-15 hour, and repeated hydrogenation sodium hydroxide solution regulates lapping liquid pH to be neutral, filter, dry and obtain filler powder;
C, above-mentioned gained powder to be mixed with other remaining component, and even with the high speed dispersion of 8000-10000 rev/min, to obtain final product.
CN201310473972.8A 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 A kind of photovoltaic cable irradiation crosslinking type low-smoke halogen-free flame-retardant polyolefin CABLE MATERIALS Active CN103509229B (en)

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