CN103506023B - Means homogeneous material - Google Patents

Means homogeneous material Download PDF

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CN103506023B
CN103506023B CN 201210220417 CN201210220417A CN103506023B CN 103506023 B CN103506023 B CN 103506023B CN 201210220417 CN201210220417 CN 201210220417 CN 201210220417 A CN201210220417 A CN 201210220417A CN 103506023 B CN103506023 B CN 103506023B
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CN 201210220417
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CN103506023A (en )
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吴玄桐
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无忌兴业股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提供一种物料均质装置,包含复数计量单元,至少设一个计算料量的计算组件;复数可供物料以本身的重量而下滑的下料轨道,设于该复数计量单元底下,以顶端于对应的计量单元的底下接料;集料槽,顶端具有第一开口承接于复数下料轨道底下,且底部具有出料口;扩散分料帽,承接于该集料槽底下,呈锥体且斜面朝上渐缩为顶端,朝上对着该出料口;混料槽,承接于该扩散分料帽底下,于顶端具有第二开口,口径大于该扩散分料帽底端的最大径,且混料槽于底端具有至少一个下料孔。 The present invention provides an apparatus homogeneous material, comprising a plurality of metering units, provided at least one computing component computing quantity; a plurality of track for cutting the material to its own weight decline, disposed under the plurality of metering means, to the top corresponding to the metering unit under the splice; collection trough, having a first tip opening to the receiving material at a plurality of bottom rails, and having a bottom discharge opening; diffusion dosing cap to the collection chute following a bottom, a cone shape and upwardly inclined surface tapers to the top, upwardly against the discharge opening; mixed chute, following a dosing cap to the bottom of the diffuser, at the top has a second opening, the maximum diameter greater than the diameter of the bottom end cap sub-diffusion material, mixing chute and the bottom end having at least one orifice. 计算各计量单元的秤料槽内的料量,使每次出料的料量相同,且利用物料本身的重量由复数下料轨道下滑出料并汇集至集料槽,再经扩散分料帽扩散分流而通往混料槽后出料。 Calculating the quantity of each metering unit scale chute, so that the same quantity of each discharge, the weight of the material itself and utilize a plurality of cutting down from the discharge track and brought together to the collector tank, and then diffused Dosing cap after mixing leading to diffusion shunting the discharge chute.

Description

物料均质装置 Means homogeneous material

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明是有关一种物料均质装置,尤指一种将物料均匀混合的装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to an apparatus homogeneous material, the material particularly to an apparatus for uniformly mixed.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 如图6所示,为一种习用的均质装置90,主要是用在茶叶的混堆,使同一茶种但质量不一的多批茶叶,在经过此均质装置的混合后达到均质效果,其作法在于将多批经过揉捻的茶叶分批一一地由输送带900送入滚筒901中,堆栈完成后,滚筒901通过皮带轮902带动旋转,以转动而对茶叶产生混拌动作。 [0002] shown in Figure 6, conventional apparatus for homogeneous 90, mainly used in the mixing stack of tea, the tea of ​​the same species but different batches of tea quality, this homogeneous mixing apparatus after a to homogeneity effect, the practice in that batches of tea rolled through a batch one by one into the drum 900 by the conveyor belt 901, after the stack is completed, the drum is rotated through the pulley 901 902, to rotate produce kneading tea action. 然而,质量不一的茶叶必需事前将各茶叶的份量比例逐一秤出,以分批进入滚筒901时为层层堆栈并累积至整批到位,故滚筒901必须以较长的时间将不同批的茶叶混拌至均匀,但茶叶在滚筒901中容易因为混拌而碎裂,故造成不少的碎茶而使良率不佳。 However, the quality of the tea is necessary beforehand varying the proportions of the amount of tea Weigh out one by one, to a batch into the drum 901 when the stack of layers and accumulate to place the entire batch, so the drum 901 must be longer different batches of tea Hunban to uniform, but tea is easy because the kneading and fragmentation in the drum 901, it caused a lot of broken tea the poor yield.

[0003] 如图7所示,为另一种习用的均质装置91,亦作为同一茶种但质量不一的多批茶叶混合,包含平送组件910、输送带911、输送带912、料槽913及出料组件914组成,茶叶经平送组件910送往输送带911再分别撒落于输送带912,通过输送带912可侧向平移而使茶叶再落入料槽913后,并由出料组件914输出,使不同批的茶叶分散而达到混合效果。 [0003] 7, of another conventional homogenizing device 91, but also as the same kinds of tea tea mixed batches of varying quality, comprising a flat feed assembly 910, belt 911, belt 912, feed grooves 913 and 914 composed of an assembly of tea Yejing Ping feed belt assembly 911 and then sent 910 to the conveyor 912 are scattered, and then fall into the tank 913 by the conveyor 912 may be translated laterally tea by the assembly of the output 914, so that a different batch of tea dispersion to achieve mixing. 然而,虽此均质装置91于运送过程对茶叶的损伤较少,但当多批茶叶进入混合前,必须以人工或机器预先并堆混合,再利用分散方式混合的效果较弱,而须耗费较长的时间混合及程序,故仍有其不便之处,且所有的茶叶在输送带911、912运送过程中,茶叶的细渣容易卡在输送带911、912的底部及转动件上,造成输送带911、912清洁不易的问题。 However, although this process is homogeneous to the transport means 91 is less damage to the tea, but batches of tea before entering the mixing effect, the machine must be manually or pre-mixing reactor and then mixed in a decentralized manner using a weak, but spent by mixing procedures and a longer time, it still has its inconvenience, and in all the tea during transport belts 911 and 912, fine slag tea easily stuck on the bottom of the conveyor belt and the rotating member 911, 912, causing easy to clean conveyor belts 911 and 912 questions.

[0004] 如图8所示,为另一种习用的计量装置92,主要是将同批的茶叶分批一一地置入料槽920中,此时茶叶会落入料槽920底部的送料机921中,经送料机921传送后再往下出料至秤料槽922中,待到一定重量后再由秤料槽922底部出料,然而,此计量装置92只是将多批的茶叶按份量排出,此举仅为茶叶拌堆之前的定量动作,并无均质的功能。 [0004] As shown, as another conventional metering device 92, it is mainly the same batch of tea batch one by one into the chute 8 920, feed will fall into the case of tea the bottom of chute 920 machine 921, and then transmitted through the feeder 921 to scale down the discharge chute 922, until a certain weight and then weighing the material from the bottom of the trough 922, however, only the 92 batches of tea metering device according to this discharge amount, this operation until only quantitative stack tea mix, not a homogeneous function.

[0005] 因此,如何解决物料在混合的过程中无法均匀混合及对物料的损伤的问题者,即为本发明的重点所在。 [0005] Therefore, how to solve the problem by mixing materials in the process can not be uniformly mixed and damage to the material, and is the focus of the present invention.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的,在于为解决上述的问题而提供一种物料均质装置,使物料在混合的过程中均匀混合并避免对物料的损伤。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to solve the above problems and to provide a homogeneous material means the material uniformly mixed in the mixing process and to avoid damage to the material.

[0007] 为达前述的目的,本发明采用以下的技术方案: [0007] The purpose of the foregoing, the present invention employs the following technical solution:

[0008] 一种物料均质装置,包含: [0008] A homogeneous material apparatus, comprising:

[0009] 复数计量单元,此复数计量单元至少设一个计算料量的计算组件; [0009] a plurality of metering means, this metering unit is provided at least a plurality of computing components a quantity of calculation;

[0010] 复数可供物料以本身的重量而下滑的下料轨道,设于该复数计量单元底下,各下料轨道以顶端于对应的计量单元的底下接料; [0010] Material for cutting a plurality of tracks in a decline in its own weight, is provided below the plurality of metering means, each of the cutting rails to the top to the bottom of the dosing unit corresponding to splice;

[0011] 集料槽,顶端具有第一开口承接于复数下料轨道底下,且底部具有出料口; [0011] collection trough, having a first tip opening to the receiving material at a plurality of bottom rails, and having a bottom discharge opening;

[0012] 扩散分料帽,承接于该集料槽底下,此扩散分料帽呈锥体且斜面朝上渐缩为顶端,此顶端朝上对着该出料口; [0012] diffusion dosing cap to the set receiving trough bottom, this diffusion dosing cap as a cone and the top of the inclined surface tapering upwardly, this upward against the top discharge opening;

[0013] 混料槽,承接于该扩散分料帽底下,此混料槽于顶端具有第二开口,此第二开口的口径大于该扩散分料帽底端的最大径,且混料槽于底端具有至少一个下料孔。 [0013] The mixing chute, at the bottom of the receiving diffusion dosing cap, at the top of this mixing trough having a second opening, this second opening is greater than the diameter of the maximum diameter of the bottom end cap sub-diffusion material, and mixing tank to the bottom end having at least one orifice.

[0014] 复数计量单元皆包含秤料槽、所述的计算组件、平送机及料斗,该平送机提供震动送料,且平送机于送料的前端相邻衔接该料斗,且各平送机于送料的后端与秤料槽相邻承接,该计算组件于预设的物料存量到达时通过控制单元停止平送机的震动送料。 [0014] comprising a plurality of metering units all scales spout, said computing components, flat conveyor and a hopper, a vibration is provided the flat feed conveyor, and a flat conveyor to a feeding hopper of the adapter adjacent the distal end, and each flat transmission machine to the rear end of the feed chute adjacent receiving scales, stopping the vibration level of the feed conveyor by the control unit when the stock material reaches the preset calculation component.

[0015] 该计算组件为秤重器、计量器其中之一。 [0015] The computing component is a weighing device, wherein one meter.

[0016] 该扩散分料帽与动力连结,以驱动扩散分料帽旋转。 [0016] The diffusion dosing cap and coupling power to drive the diffusion dosing cap rotation.

[0017] 该扩散分料帽于其斜面设有复数间隔部,各间隔部延伸于扩散分料帽的顶端及底端之间。 [0017] The diffusion dosing cap thereon a plurality of spacers provided with the inclined surface, each of the spacer portions extending between the top and bottom diffusion dosing cap.

[0018] 一种物料均质装置,由二个以上的均质单元呈先后混合地衔接构成,其特征在于:各均质单元包含: [0018] A homogeneous material means, the two or more units form a homogeneous mixture has configured the adapter, wherein: each homogeneous unit comprises:

[0019] 复数计量单元,此复数计量单元至少设一个计算料量的计算组件; [0019] a plurality of metering means, this metering unit is provided at least a plurality of computing components a quantity of calculation;

[0020] 复数可供物料以本身的重量而下滑的第一下料轨道,设于该复数计量单元底下,各第一下料轨道以顶端于对应的计量单元的底下接料; [0020] The first material for cutting a plurality of track to decline under its own weight, disposed under the plurality of metering means, each of the first track to the top of the feed to the metering unit under the corresponding splice;

[0021] 集料槽,顶端具有第一开口承接于复数第一下料轨道底下,且底部具有出料口; [0021] collection trough, having a first tip opening to the receiving material under the lower track of the first plurality, and having a bottom discharge opening;

[0022] 扩散分料帽,承接于该集料槽底下,此扩散分料帽呈锥体且斜面朝上渐缩为顶端,此顶端朝上对着该出料口; [0022] diffusion dosing cap to the set receiving trough bottom, this diffusion dosing cap as a cone and the top of the inclined surface tapering upwardly, this upward against the top discharge opening;

[0023] 混料槽,承接于该扩散分料帽底下,此混料槽于顶端具有第二开口,此第二开口的口径大于该扩散分料帽底端的最大径; [0023] mixing tank, to underneath the receiving diffusion dosing cap, at the top of this mixing trough having a second opening, this second opening is greater than the diameter of the maximum diameter of the bottom end cap sub-diffusion material;

[0024] 所述混合在先的均质单元的混料槽于底端包含复数下料孔,各下料孔独立出料,所述的复数下料孔与混合在后的均质单元的复数计量单元各别对应,且各下料孔及对应的秤料槽间分别衔接亦可供物料以本身的重量而下滑的第二下料轨道。 [0024] The homogeneous mixture prior to the bottom end of the chute mixing unit comprising a plurality of the orifice, each cutting Kong Duli discharge, the discharge opening of the mixed complex after complex homogeneous unit corresponding to the respective metering means, respectively, and each of the interface between the orifice and the corresponding scale also chute for the material in the second lower feed rails downward under its own weight.

[0025] 复数计量单元皆包含秤料槽、所述的计算组件、平送机及料斗,该平送机提供震动送料,且平送机于送料的前端相邻衔接该料斗,且各平送机于送料的后端与秤料槽相邻承接,该计算组件于预设的物料存量到达时通过控制单元停止平送机的震动送料。 [0025] comprising a plurality of metering units all scales spout, said computing components, flat conveyor and a hopper, a vibration is provided the flat feed conveyor, and a flat conveyor to a feeding hopper of the adapter adjacent the distal end, and each flat transmission machine to the rear end of the feed chute adjacent receiving scales, stopping the vibration level of the feed conveyor by the control unit when the stock material reaches the preset calculation component.

[0026] 该计算组件为秤重器、计量器其中之一。 [0026] The computing component is a weighing device, wherein one meter.

[0027] 该扩散分料帽与动力连结,以驱动扩散分料帽旋转。 [0027] The diffusion dosing cap and coupling power to drive the diffusion dosing cap rotation.

[0028] 该扩散分料帽于其斜面设有复数间隔部,各间隔部延伸于扩散分料帽的顶端及底端之间。 [0028] The diffusion dosing cap thereon a plurality of spacers provided with the inclined surface, each of the spacer portions extending between the top and bottom diffusion dosing cap.

[0029]由以上所述可以看到,本发明的物料均质装置包括单一均质单元,或为二个以上的均质单元一先一后地衔接构成,所述的均质单元包含: [0029] It is seen from the above, according to the present invention means a homogeneous material comprises a single homogeneous unit, or two or more of a homogeneous unit after a first adapter configured, the homogeneous unit comprises:

[0030] 复数计量单元,此复数计量单元至少设一个计算料量的计算组件; [0030] a plurality of metering means, this metering unit is provided at least a plurality of computing components a quantity of calculation;

[0031] 复数可供物料以本身的重量而下滑的下料轨道,设于该复数计量单元底下,各下料轨道以顶端于对应的计量单元的底下接料; [0031] Material for cutting a plurality of tracks in a decline in its own weight, is provided below the plurality of metering means, each of the cutting rails to the top to the bottom of the dosing unit corresponding to splice;

[0032] 集料槽,顶端具有第一开口承接于复数下料轨道底下,且底部具有出料口; [0032] The collection trough, having a first tip opening to the receiving material at a plurality of bottom rails, and having a bottom discharge opening;

[0033] 扩散分料帽,承接于该集料槽底下,此扩散分料帽呈锥体且斜面朝上渐缩为顶端,此顶端朝上对着该出料口; [0033] diffusion dosing cap to the set receiving trough bottom, this diffusion dosing cap as a cone and the top of the inclined surface tapering upwardly, this upward against the top discharge opening;

[0034] 混料槽,承接于该扩散分料帽底下,此混料槽于顶端具有第二开口,此第二开口的口径大于该扩散分料帽底端的最大径,且混料槽于底端具有至少一个下料孔。 [0034] The mixing chute, at the bottom of the receiving diffusion dosing cap, at the top of this mixing trough having a second opening, this second opening is greater than the diameter of the maximum diameter of the bottom end cap sub-diffusion material, and mixing tank to the bottom end having at least one orifice.

[0035] 本发明提供的物料均质装置,利用均质单元的复数个料斗内的物料按比例同时出料至混料装置,将数物料混合均匀,而可达到均匀质量的效果。 [0035] The present invention provides a homogeneous material, the cell material using a homogenizer a plurality of hoppers in proportion to the mixing device while the material, the number of mixed materials, and can achieve the effect of uniform quality.

[0036] 本发明利用二个均质单元呈上下排列衔接,使数物料经第一个均质单元作第一次混合,将数物料混合均匀,之后再将经第一次混合的先、后混合的物料,经第二个均质单元作第二次混合均匀,使物料混合时可达到最佳均匀质量的效果。 [0036] The present invention makes use of two homogeneous cell array arranged one adapter, as the number of the first material by means of a homogeneous mixing time, the number of materials are mixed uniformly, then after the first mixing of the first through the first, after best quality can be achieved even when the mixed materials through the second section for a second homogeneous mixing, mixing of materials.

[0037] 本发明利用物料本身的重量下滑并于出料后自动分散、汇集混合,于混合过程中,物料并非以翻转的方式,故能避免物料因重量集中而在翻转过程相互挤压所造成茶叶损伤的问题发生,且物料自动分散、汇集混合的过程无须动力,亦能达到节省能源的功效。 [0037] The decline in the use of the material by weight, and the invention itself automatically to the material after dispersion, mixed together, the mixing process, the material is not flipped manner, it can avoid material pressed against one another by the weight of the concentrate in the tumbling process caused by Tea injury problems occur, and automatic material dispersed, mixed collection process without power, can also achieve energy saving effect.

[0038] 本发明的上述及其它目的与优点,不难从下述所选用实施例的详细说明与附图中,获得深入了解。 [0038] The above and other objects and advantages of the present invention, it is easy chosen from the following detailed description of embodiments with the accompanying drawings of the embodiments, the gain insight.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0039] 图1是实施例的配置示意图。 [0039] FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment.

[0040] 图2是实施例的计量单元的构件配置及物料传送示意图。 [0040] FIG. 2 is a member of the metering unit in the embodiment material transfer arrangement and FIG.

[0041]图3是实施例的第一下料轨道、集料槽、扩散分料帽及混料槽等构件的配置及物料传送示意图。 [0041] FIG. 3 is a first embodiment of the feed rails, collection trough, and the transfer material showing the configuration dosing cap and spout like mixed diffusion member.

[0042] 图4是实施例的各个下料孔通过控制而单独出料的示意图。 [0042] FIG. 4 is a schematic representation of the embodiment of the orifice discharge individually by the control embodiment.

[0043] 图5是实施例的下料孔出料至第二下料轨道的示意图。 [0043] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a second feed rails under the orifice of the material to the embodiment.

[0044] 图6是习用为滚筒式均质装置的平面示意图。 [0044] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a drum type planar homogeneous conventional apparatus.

[0045] 图7是习用为输送带传送的均质装置的平面示意图。 [0045] FIG. 7 is a plan view of the apparatus of the homogeneous belt of conventional transmission.

[0046] 图8是习用为螺旋式的计量装置的平面示意图。 [0046] FIG 8 is a plan view of the conventional screw-type metering device.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0047] 请参阅图1至图5,图中所示为本发明所选用的实施例结构,此仅供说明之用,在专利申请上并不受此种结构的限制。 [0047] Please refer to FIGS. 1 to 5, in the present embodiment shown in FIG chosen structure of the present invention, the purpose of illustration only, in the patent application is not limited to such a structure.

[0048] 本发明提供一种物料均质装置,如图1所示,于本实施例中由均质单元A及均质单元B衔接构成,均质单元A及均质单元B分别包含五个计量单元1、五个第一下料轨道2、一个集料槽3、一个扩散分料帽4及一个混料槽5,且本实施例以控制单元6控制输送动作,该均质单元A位于均质单元B之上,本实施例以均质单元A先行混合物料,而均质单元B在后混合物料。 [0048] The present invention provides a homogeneous material apparatus shown in Figure 1, in the present embodiment, adapter unit A, and homogenized by a homogenizer constituting unit B, unit A and homogenization unit B comprises five were homogenized dosing unit 1, the first five cutting rail 2, a collection trough 3, a diffuser 4 and a dosing cap mixing chute 5, and in the present embodiment control unit 6 controls the transport operation, the unit a is located in a homogeneous homogenizing unit B above, the present embodiment first a homogeneous mixture of materials A unit, B unit and homogenizing the mixed materials. 于本实施例中,所述的物料以茶叶为例。 In this embodiment, the tea material in Example.

[0049] 如图2所示,本实施例的五个计量单元I皆包含一个秤料槽10、一个计算组件11、一个平送机12及一个料斗13,此述的计算组件11可为秤重器或计量器,于本实施例中为秤重器,利用平送机12提供震动送料,各平送机12于送料的前端相邻衔接该料斗13,且各平送机12于送料的后端与其中的该秤料槽10相邻承接,由各计算单元11计算所对应的秤料槽10内茶叶的重量,而所述各第一下料轨道2于本实施例中皆为中空的管道,且皆呈倾斜设置,各第一下料轨道2对应地设在各秤料槽10底下,且以顶端于对应的秤料槽10底下接料。 [0049] 2, five measurement unit of this embodiment comprises a balance tank I are 10, a calculation unit 11, a flat conveyor 12 and a hopper 13, this computation component 11 may be referred to scale weighing or metering device, in the present embodiment for weighing an embodiment, using a flat conveyor 12 provides vibration feed, each of the flat conveyor 12 to feed the leading end adjacent engagement the hopper 13, and each flat conveyor 12 to feed the wherein the rear end of the scale adjacent receiving chute 10, by the weight calculation unit 11 calculates tea scale 10 corresponding to the spout, and the respective cutting rail 2 to the first embodiment of the present embodiment are all hollow pipe, and were highly inclined, each of the first cutting rail 2 provided corresponding to each of the scales under the spout 10, and at the top on the underlying chute 10 scales corresponding splice.

[0050] 如图3所示,该集料槽3的顶端具有第一开口30承接于复数第一下料轨道2底下,且集料槽3的底部具有出料口31,而该扩散分料帽4承接于该集料槽3底下,此扩散分料帽4呈锥体,且斜面40朝上渐缩为顶端41,此顶端41朝上对着该出料口31,另外,该混料槽5承接于该扩散分料帽4底下,此混料槽5于顶端具有第二开口50,此第二开口50的口径大于该扩散分料帽4底端的最大径。 [0050] As shown, the set top 3 having a bottom trough 3, a first receiving opening 30 in the first plurality of feed rails under 2, and 3 set trough 31 having a discharge opening, and the diffusion dosing receiving the cap 4 is set to 3 under the chute, this diffusion cone shape dosing cap 4, and the inclined surface 40 tapers upwardly to the top 41, the top 41 upwardly against the discharge opening 31, Furthermore, the mixing dosing receiving groove 5 to the cap 4 under the diffusion, this chute 5 to a mixing tip having a second opening 50, this diameter of the second opening 50 is larger than the maximum diameter of the dosing diffuser 4 at the bottom of the cap.

[0051] 如图3〜图5所示,该均质单元A的混料槽5于底端包含复数下料孔51,所述的复数下料孔51通过控制单元6控制皆可独立开启出料,且复数下料孔51与均质单元B的复数料斗13各别对应且皆以一个第二下料轨道52衔接。 [0051] plurality of cutting holes shown in FIG 3 ~ FIG., The homogeneous mixing trough 5 at the bottom end of the unit A 5 orifice 51 comprises a plurality of lower, the opening 51 can run independent of the control of the control unit 6 by material, the hopper discharge opening 51 and a plurality of a homogeneous unit B 13 corresponding to the respective plurality of feed rails 52 and begin a second lower adapter.

[0052] 本实施例的物料均质装置由均质单元A混合茶叶时,是以人工将质量不一的五批茶叶分别倒入各料斗13中,依各批茶叶的总重量由该控制单元6设定各秤料槽10内预设的物料存量(本实施例为重量),而如图2所示,通过平送机12的震动将茶叶送入秤料槽10内,并通过计算组件11对秤料槽10内的茶叶秤重,当各秤料槽10内的茶叶达到预设的重量时,通过该控制单元6停止平送机12的震动送料。 [0052] When a homogeneous material mixing apparatus according to the present embodiment is a homogeneous unit A tea is manually varying quality of tea were poured into each of five batches of the hopper 13, by total weight of each batch of tea by the control unit 6 10 each set a default scale computing stock material chute assembly (in this embodiment by weight), and as shown in FIG 2, the vibration level of the conveyor 12 into the tea leaves weighing chute 10, and through 11 pairs of tea weighing scales within the spout 10, when the tea inside each tank 10 reaches a predetermined balance weight 6 through the control means stops the vibration level conveyor 12 of feeding. 本实施例的五个料斗13中,分别容设有50公斤、40公斤、30公斤、60公斤及20公斤等五种质量的茶叶,茶叶的总重为200公斤,而对应的秤料槽10中分别预设重量为0.5公斤、0.4公斤、0.3公斤、0.6公斤及0.2公斤时停止平送机12的震动送料。 Five hopper 13 in the present embodiment, each container is provided with 50 kg, 40 kg, 30 kg, a total weight of 60 kg and 20 kg in five different quality tea, tea 200 kg, while the corresponding scale tank 10 respectively preset weight of 0.5 kg, 0.4 kg, 0.3 kg, stopping the vibration level conveyor 12 feeding 0.6 kg or 0.2 kg.

[0053] 再请参阅图2〜图5所示,待所有秤料槽10内的茶叶皆达到预设的重量时,由控制单元6控制各该秤料槽10同时开门使茶叶落入各自对应的第一下料轨道2中,并利用茶叶本身的重量下滑而汇集于集料槽3内经出料口31往下落在该扩散分料帽4的顶端41,再沿扩散分料帽4的斜面40下滑落入混料槽5内汇集,而此控制单元6会控制对应均质单元B的第一顺位料斗13的下料孔51开启,使混料槽5内的茶叶落下经第二下料轨道52落入均质单元B的第一顺位料斗13内存放,一直到第一顺位料斗13内的茶叶累积到预设量时,控制单元6会改控制,先关闭对应第一顺位料斗13的下料孔51同时开启对应第二顺位料斗13的下料孔51,使茶叶改落入均质单元B的第二顺位料斗13存放,如此依续将均质单元B的各个料斗13的茶叶累积到预设量。 [0053] Referring again to FIG. 2 ~ 5, the tea to be within the spout 10 are all scale reaches a predetermined weight, chute scale each of the control by the control unit 610 simultaneously make tea falls within each corresponding door a first cutting rail 2, using the weight of tea itself is collected in the collection trough and falling within the discharge opening 3 through 31 fall down to the top of the diffusion dosing cap 4 of 41, and then diffused along the inclined surface 4 of the dosing cap It fell within the chute 40 falls 5 mixed together, and the first hopper this overall control unit 6 controls the unit B corresponds to the homogeneous orifice 13 at the opening 51, so that the tea falls within the mixing tank 5 via the second lower when the feed rails 52 falls within a first homogenous cell B picks and storing hopper 13, into the first pick up hopper 13 to a predetermined accumulated amount of the tea, the control would change control unit 6, the first to close the corresponding cis bit 13 of the hopper discharge opening 51 at the same time a second opening corresponding to the overall orifice 13 at hopper 51, so that a homogeneous cell B falls change tea second pick storage hopper 13, thus homogenized by continued unit B each hopper 13 tea accumulated to a preset amount.

[0054] 由于本实施例中分装在均质单元A的五个料斗13内的茶叶总重量为200公斤,均质单元B的各个料斗13内所落入茶叶量的预设量则分别为40公斤,因此当均质单元B的各个料斗13所落入茶叶量要达40公斤的预设量时,均质单元A会不断重复出料、混料动作100次,使质量不一的五批茶叶能充分混合均匀。 [0054] Since the present embodiment, five hopper mounted in equatorial homogeneous unit A is the total weight of the tea leaves within 13 to 200 kg, fall within the respective hopper 13 homogeneous cell B amount is a predetermined amount of tea were 40 kg, so that when the respective units B homogenizer hopper 13 falls to a preset amount of tea in an amount of 40 kg, will repeat unit a homogeneous discharge, the mixing operation 100 times to five different mass batch of tea can be mixed thoroughly.

[0055] 由于经均质单元A混合的茶叶是按先、后顺序存放于均质单元B的料斗13内,为使茶叶混合的更均匀,控制单元6会待均质单元B的各个料斗13所落入茶叶量都达40公斤的预设量时,会再控制均质单元B依照均质单元A出料、混料模式将200公斤的茶叶依混合的先、后顺序重新再于均质单元B中汇集混合一次,而由均质单元B的混料槽5底部的下料孔51送出,以进行包装等后续动作。 [0055] Since the unit A homogenized mixture before the tea is based, the sequence stored in the hopper homogeneous unit B 13, more uniformly mixed to make tea, the control unit 6 will be homogeneous in each hopper unit B 13 when the amount falls within a predetermined amount of tea leaves 40 kg, will then control the feed unit B in accordance with homogeneous homogeneous units a, blend mode 200 kg of tea by first mixing the order of re-homogenized in a mixing unit B, pooled, and mixed at the bottom of chute 5 by the orifice 51 is homogeneous feeding unit B, for subsequent packaging operation.

[0056]由上述的说明不难发现本发明的优点,在于本发明的物料均质装置,主要是将数物料按比例以小单元同时出料由第一下料轨道2于集料槽3汇集先混合,且通过物料落在该扩散分料帽4再落入该混料槽5中,而达到再次的混合,因此能达到均匀质量的混合效果O [0056] The advantages of the present invention find that the above description that the present invention is a homogeneous material, the main proportion to the number of cell material while feeding the material from the lower rail 2 in a first collection tank 3 together first mixed, and the falling material by diffusion dosing cap 4 again falls within the mixing trough 5, the mixed again to achieve, it is possible to achieve uniform mixing quality O

[0057] 再者,通过二个以上的均质单元作第一、二次混合的均质效果更佳,其是因第一个均质单元的第一次混合的茶叶是按不同茶叶重量比例的混合,而第二个均质单元的第二次混合则可按茶叶混合的先、后顺序再一次同步混合,可使均匀质量的混合效果更佳。 [0057] Further, the above two units as a first homogeneous, homogeneous mixing of the secondary effect is better, which is a first mixed by first homogenizing means tea that the ratio by weight of tea different mixing, while the second unit is a second homogeneous mixing can be mixed according to the tea, the synchronization sequence again mixed, allow for better mixing of uniform quality.

[0058] 另外,由于物料于混料传送过程不需通过机器的传送,而是以物料本身的重量下滑达成,故物料于混料传送过程可避免因机器的搅拌动作及传送过程所造成的损伤,故在均质过程能确保物料维持较佳的良率,且混料传送过程无须动力,可节省能源。 [0058] Further, since the transfer material in the mixing process without transmitting through the machine, the weight of the material itself but to decline to reach, so the transfer material in the mixing process can be avoided due to damage during transfer machine operation and the stirring caused by , so in the homogenization process is maintained to ensure better yield of material, and the mixing process without transmitting power, energy can be saved.

[0059] 值得一提的是,该扩散分料帽4除为固定外,可利用动力与扩散分料帽4连结,则可使扩散分料帽旋转,且可在扩散分料帽4的斜面40设复数的间隔部,各间隔部可为延伸在扩散分料帽4的顶端及底端之间,藉此可辅助物料的混合,当然亦可将扩散分料帽4的斜面40设计成不平整的凹凸面,其同样可辅助物料的混合。 [0059] It is worth mentioning that the diffusion dosing except for the cap 4 is fixed, the power may be utilized with the cap 4 connected to a diffusion dosing, the dosing diffuser cap can rotate and can be inclined surface diffusion dosing cap 4 spacer portion 40 provided plural, each spacer portion may extend between the top and bottom diffusion dosing cap 4, thereby can assist in mixing, of course, also the diffusion dosing cap 40 of the inclined surface 4 designed to not smooth convex surface, which also may assist in mixing.

[0060] 此外,该计算组件除了可计算物料重量的秤重器外,并可替换为其它等效的组件,例如可计算容积的组件,用以计算容纳在各个计量单元内的物料容量,此时预设的物料存量在此则为物料容积。 [0060] Further, in addition to the computing component calculated weight of the material is weighed, and may be replaced by other equivalent components, such as component calculated volume to calculate volume of the material accommodated in each dosing unit, this when the preset materials, compared with the stock of the material in this volume.

[0061] 以上所述实施例的揭示是用以说明本发明,并非用以限制本发明,故举凡数值的变更或等效组件的置换仍应隶属本发明的范畴。 [0061] The embodiment disclosed above is illustrative of embodiments of the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention, so changes or substitutions of equivalent components should still covered the value of the membership scope of the invention.

[0062] 由以上详细说明,可使熟知本项技艺者明了本发明的确可达成前述目的,实已符合专利法的规定,因此提出专利申请。 [0062] From the above detailed description, well known to skilled person can understand the present invention can indeed achieve the above object, a solid line with the patent statutes has therefore filed a patent application.

Claims (5)

  1. 1.一种物料均质装置,由二个以上的均质单元呈先后混合地衔接构成,其特征在于:各均质单元包含: 复数计量单元,此复数计量单元至少设一个计算料量的计算组件; 复数可供物料以本身的重量而下滑的第一下料轨道,设于所述复数计量单元底下,各第一下料轨道以顶端于对应的计量单元的底下接料; 集料槽,顶端具有第一开口承接于复数第一下料轨道底下,且底部具有出料口; 扩散分料帽,承接于所述集料槽底下,此扩散分料帽呈锥体且斜面朝上渐缩为顶端,此顶端朝上对着所述出料口; 混料槽,承接于所述扩散分料帽底下,此混料槽于顶端具有第二开口,此第二开口的口径大于所述扩散分料帽底端的最大径; 所述混合在先的均质单元的混料槽于底端包含复数按先、后顺序出料的下料孔,该复数下料孔分别独立且被限制一次出料仅开启一下料 An apparatus homogeneous material, the two or more units form a homogeneous mixture has configured the adapter, wherein: each homogeneous unit comprises: a plurality of metering means, this metering unit is provided a plurality of at least one computing calculates the quantity components; a plurality of first cutting the material available to track its own weight downward, is provided under the plurality of metering means, each of the first track to the top of the feed to the metering unit under the corresponding splice; collection trough, having a first opening in the top receiving material beneath the track of the first plurality, and having a bottom discharge opening; diffusion dosing cap in said set receiving trough bottom, this diffusion dosing cap as a cone tapering upwardly inclined surface and is a top, the top of the upwardly facing discharge opening; mix tank, to the bottom of the receiving diffusion dosing cap, at the top of this mixing trough having a second opening, this second opening diameter is greater than the diffusion dosing maximum diameter of a bottom end cap; the homogeneous mixture prior to the bottom end of the chute mixing unit comprising a plurality of the first press, after the order of the discharge orifice, the orifice and are each independently of the plurality of the time limit expected to open only about material 孔,所述的复数下料孔与混合在后的均质单元的复数计量单元各别对应,且各下料孔及对应的秤料槽间分别衔接亦可供物料以本身的重量而下滑的第二下料轨道。 Hole, said plurality of cutting holes and a plurality of metering units corresponding to the respective unit after homogeneous mixing, and between each of the orifice and spout respectively corresponding scale also for the adapter to its own weight material decline the second cutting rail.
  2. 2.依权利要求1所述的物料均质装置,其特征在于:复数计量单元皆包含秤料槽、所述的计算组件、平送机及料斗,所述平送机提供震动送料,且平送机于送料的前端相邻衔接所述料斗,且各平送机于送料的后端与秤料槽相邻承接,所述计算组件于预设的物料存量到达时通过控制单元停止平送机的震动送料。 2. The apparatus according homogeneous material according to claim 1, wherein: the scale comprises a plurality of metering unit are chute, the component is calculated, the flat conveyor and a hopper, a vibration is provided the flat feed conveyor, and flat the feed conveyor to the front end of the adapter adjacent the hopper, and each of the flat feed conveyor to a rear end of the scale adjacent trough receiving, by the control unit stops the calculation of the component stock material reaches to a preset level conveyor vibration feed.
  3. 3.依权利要求1所述的物料均质装置,其特征在于:所述计算组件为秤重器、计量器其中之一。 3. The apparatus according homogeneous material according to claim 1, wherein: said assembly is a calculated weighing device, wherein one meter.
  4. 4.依权利要求1所述的物料均质装置,其特征在于:所述扩散分料帽与动力连结,以驱动扩散分料帽旋转。 4. The apparatus of claim homogeneous material according to claim 1, wherein: said diffusion dosing cap and coupling power to drive the diffusion dosing cap rotation.
  5. 5.依权利要求4所述的物料均质装置,其特征在于:所述扩散分料帽于其斜面设有复数间隔部,各间隔部延伸于扩散分料帽的顶端及底端之间。 5. The apparatus according to claim 4, wherein a homogeneous material, characterized in that: said diffusion Dosing cap thereon a plurality of spaced inclined surface portion is provided, each spacer extending between the top and bottom portions of the diffusion dosing cap.
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CN2897413Y (en) * 2006-05-22 2007-05-09 屏山天原金石化工股份有限公司 Automatic particular material dosing device
WO2008149190A1 (en) * 2007-06-04 2008-12-11 Syncro S.R.L. Dosing apparatus and process for mixing materials contained in a plurality of hoppers
WO2009076375A1 (en) * 2007-12-10 2009-06-18 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Multi-product dispensing system for granular materials
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