CN103504153A - Mixed feed for improving stress resistance of grass carp - Google Patents

Mixed feed for improving stress resistance of grass carp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103504153A
CN103504153A CN201310450679.XA CN201310450679A CN103504153A CN 103504153 A CN103504153 A CN 103504153A CN 201310450679 A CN201310450679 A CN 201310450679A CN 103504153 A CN103504153 A CN 103504153A
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weight
weight portions
parts
grass carp
portions
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CN201310450679.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱天和
李延军
杜保华
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Shaanxi Huaqin Agriculture Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Shaanxi Huaqin Agriculture Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310450679.XA priority Critical patent/CN103504153A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a mixed feed for improving stress resistance of grass carp, which can significantly reduce the stress-induced death of grass carp and increases the farming benefit. The mixed feed comprises the following materials in parts by weight: 160-200 parts of bean cake, 250-300 parts of rapeseed cake, 160-200 parts of flour, 100-140 parts of cotton cake, 40-50 parts of fish meal, 70-120 parts of cornstalk full ethyl alcohol grains, 20-25 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 15-20 parts of edible fat and oil, 1-2 parts of 50% of coated choline chloride, 0.05-0.15 part of high temperature-resistant complex enzyme preparation, 1-2 parts of complex microelements, 2-3 parts of 40% of coated lysine, 1-1.2 parts of vitamin complex for freshwater fish, 0.08-0.12 part of L-carnitine and 0.2-0.5 part of an antioxidant.

Description

A kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability
One, technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of feed, especially relate to a kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability.
Two, background technology:
Current product has the following disadvantages: 1, grass carp cultivation trends towards using high protein ration, this daily ration finally causes in grass carp compound feed that gross protein value is high, amino acid imbalance, as energy source, by a large amount of metabolism, after long-term use, there is grass carp fatty liver in protein; 2, in high protein ration, calcium phosphorus ration is not good, occurs pregnant grass carp, and mesenterium fat accumulation is serious, easily brings out liver ascites and liver and gall syndrome, causes grass carp uninterrupted fragmentary dead; 3, in daily ration, vitamin can not meet Fast Growth needs, causes grass carp anti-stress ability to decline, and after infection epidemic disease, physique recovers slower, and late growing stage Speed Reduction, affects culture benefit.4, lack the enzyme preparation that improves protein utilization rate, ignore enteral nutrition, a large number of nutrients runs off, and causes breeding water body eutrophication, harmful algae amount reproduction, and secondary harm risk increases.
Three, summary of the invention:
The present invention, in order to solve the weak point in above-mentioned background technology, provides a kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability, and its energy balanced ration amino acid, keeps grass carp healthy, improves feed digestion, improves grass carp meat quality, raising anti-stress ability.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability, it is characterized in that: by following raw material, made: dregs of beans 160~200 weight portions, the dish dregs of rice 250~300 weight portions, flour 160~200 weight portions, cotton dregs 100~140 weight portions, fish meal 40~50 weight portions, corn is done full alcohol grain 70~120 weight portions, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 20~25 weight portions, edible oil and fat 15~20 weight portions, coated Choline Chloride 1~2 weight portion of concentration 50%, high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation 0.05~0.15 weight portion, composite trace element 1~2 weight portion, coated lysine 2~3 weight portions of concentration 40%, fresh-water fishes B B-complex 1~1.2 weight portion, VBT 0.08~0.12 weight portion, antioxidant 0.2~0.5 weight portion.
By following raw material, made: dregs of beans 180 weight portions, the dish dregs of rice 270 weight portions, flour 192.03 weight portions, cotton dregs 140 weight portions, fish meal 50 weight portions, the dry full alcohol grain of corn 120 weight portions, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 25 weight portions, edible oil and fat 15 weight portions, coated Choline Chloride 2 weight portions of concentration 50%, high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation 0.15 weight portion, composite trace element 2 weight portions, coated lysine 2 weight portions of concentration 40%, fresh-water fishes B B-complex 1.2 weight portions, VBT 0.12 weight portion, antioxidant 0.2 weight portion.
Every gram of described high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation is containing zytase 18000IU, dextranase 2500IU, proteinase 8 000IU.
Described composite trace element is containing magnesium 0.15~0.3 weight portion, iron 0.12~0.24 weight portion, zinc 0.10~0.20 weight portion, manganese 0.015~0.03 weight portion, iodine 0.0001~0.0002 weight portion, active selenium 0.0002~0.0003 weight portion.
Described fresh-water fishes B B-complex is containing vitamin A 0.008~0.01 weight portion, vitamin E 0.2~0.24 weight portion, vitamin K 30.009~0.011 weight portion, Cobastab 10.002~0.0024 weight portion, Cobastab 20.007~0.0084 weight portion, Cobastab 60.0065~0.0078 weight portion, niacinamide 0.036~0.043 weight portion, calcium pantothenate 0.03~0.036 weight portion, inositol 0.08~0.1 weight portion, phosphatide vitamin C 0.3~0.36 weight portion;
Described antioxidant is ethoxyquinoline.
What compared with prior art, the present invention had is a little as follows with effect:
1, product of the present invention has been used the reasonable combination of appropriate animal protein and vegetable protein.Adopt the fish meal that adds 5%, improve fish body protein utilization ratio.Adopted dregs of beans, cotton dregs, the dish dregs of rice reasonably combined, major limitation acidic amino acid is tended to balance as lysine, methionine, threonine, arginine ratio, can alleviate excessive protein surplus, the mesenterium fat accumulation problem of searching for food and causing, thereby reduce the risk of secondary liver and gall syndrome.
2, the calcium dihydrogen phosphate that uses high-load, provides sufficient phosphorus source, impels skeleton development, prevents " oldwife ".
3, use coated Choline Chloride, prevent the destruction of choline to vitamin, enzyme preparation and probiotics; The compound action of performance choline and carnitine, promotes skeleton development, impels intrahepatic fat outwards to shift, and further reduces liver and gall syndrome and occurs.
4, feed is not used antibiotic, hormone, uses high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation.In the situation that improving grass carp intestinal to efficiency of feed utilization, promote growth, the security that improves aquatic products, reduced the excretion of nitrogen.
5, adopt coated lysine, effectively supplement the loss of lysine in high temperature process process in raw material, improve the utilization of lysine, meet the lysine demand that fish body sharply increases in Fast Growth process.
6, higher dosage is used vitamin C and active selenium: add the phosphatide vitamin C 300mg/kg that high stableization is processed, add active selenium 0. 3 mg/kg, accelerate to remove the free radical producing in body, improve resisting stress capability, guarantee that fish body is healthy.
7, use high-quality edible oil and fat, add composite antioxidant product simultaneously, reduce product nutritive loss under natural storing state and simultaneously, reduce dust pollution and the injury to animal body thereof in use.
8, sufficient vitamin content and mineral element combination, prevent that the whiting of fish body, the scale in growth course is loosening, and what prevent from causing squama, hemorrhage, the problem such as resistance to long-distance transport not.
Four, the specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1(most preferred embodiment):
Material name Consumption Material name Consumption
Dregs of beans 180 kg Flour 192.33kg
The dish dregs of rice 270 kg The dry full alcohol grain of corn 120 kg
Fish meal 50 kg Cotton dregs 140 kg
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 25 kg Fresh-water fishes B B-complex 1.2 kg
Composite trace element 2 kg Edible oil and fat 15 kg
The coated lysine of concentration 40% 2 kg Antioxidant ethoxyquinoline 0.2 kg
The coated Choline Chloride of concentration 50% 2 kg High temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation 0.15 kg
VBT 0.12kg ? ?
? ? Add up to 1000kg
Preparation method: mix after above-mentioned raw materials is pulverized to screen cloth pulverizing with φ 1.0mm respectively, then adopt three layers of 80~90 ℃ of temperature high temperature modified, use the processing of φ 1.5~2.5mm ring mould to granulate, both obtained finished product for reverse-flow cooling 10 minutes.
Embodiment 2:
Material name Consumption Material name Consumption
Dregs of beans 200 kg Flour 197.6 kg
The dish dregs of rice 280 kg The dry full alcohol grain of corn 100 kg
Fish meal 40 kg Cotton dregs 140 kg
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 20 kg Fresh-water fishes B B-complex 1 kg
Composite trace element 2 kg Edible oil and fat 15 kg
The coated lysine of concentration 40% 2 kg Antioxidant ethoxyquinoline 0.2 kg
The coated Choline Chloride of concentration 50% 2 kg High temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation 0.1 kg
VBT 0.1 kg ? ?
? ? Add up to 1000kg
Preparation method: identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3:
Material name Consumption Material name Consumption
Dregs of beans 170 kg Flour 195 kg
The dish dregs of rice 290 kg The dry full alcohol grain of corn 120 kg
Fish meal 40 kg Cotton dregs 140 kg
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 20 kg Fresh-water fishes B B-complex 1 kg
Composite trace element 1.5 kg Edible oil and fat 18 kg
The coated lysine of concentration 40% 2 kg Antioxidant ethoxyquinoline 0.3 kg
The coated Choline Chloride of concentration 50% 2 kg High temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation 0.1 kg
VBT 0.1kg ? ?
? ? Add up to 1000kg
Preparation method: identical with embodiment 1.
Every gram of described high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation is containing zytase 18000IU, dextranase 2500IU, proteinase 8 000IU.
Described composite trace element is containing magnesium 0.15~0.3 weight portion, iron 0.12~0.24 weight portion, zinc 0.10~0.20 weight portion, manganese 0.015~0.03 weight portion, iodine 0.0001~0.0002 weight portion, active selenium 0.0002~0.0003 weight portion.
Described fresh-water fishes B B-complex is containing vitamin A 0.008~0.01 weight portion, vitamin E 0.2~0.24 weight portion, vitamin K 30.009~0.011 weight portion, Cobastab 10.002~0.0024 weight portion, Cobastab 20.007~0.0084 weight portion, Cobastab 60.0065~0.0078 weight portion, niacinamide 0.036~0.043 weight portion, calcium pantothenate 0.03~0.036 weight portion, inositol 0.08~0.1 weight portion, phosphatide vitamin C 0.3~0.36 weight portion.
Described antioxidant is ethoxyquinoline.
In the present invention, improve grass carp anti-stress ability mixed feed and be according in latest scientific research about cyprinid fish amino acid requirement and enteral nutrition, the characteristic daily ration of stress characteristic making in conjunction with fish.The present invention has greatly optimized the part feature of high protein feed of grass carp, guarantees it is brought into play under very big potentiality prerequisite, improves grass carp anti-stress ability, increases culture benefit.Adopt and increase this high-quality animal origin of fish meal, impel fish growth quicker, healthy; High level is used calcium dihydrogen phosphate can guarantee under Fast Growth condition, guarantees skeleton development coupling; Using coating lysine is the nutritional need that meets grass carp Fast Growth, prevents that lysine lacks; Use coated Choline Chloride can effectively guarantee the validity of active material in mixed feed; Use high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation, can significantly improve feed digestibility, absorptivity; The stabilisation vitamin C that maximum feature of the present invention is high dose and active selenium, by supplementing of oxidation resistance, Green Tea Extract composition, to tackle the wastes metabolism of grass carp Fast Growth under high-density breeding, reach improve anti-stress object.Above-mentioned reasonable and accurately every nutrient add and accessory processing technique has guaranteed that Feed Energy efficiently utilizes and plays a role, alap nutriment, to environmental emission, accomplishes to improve anti-stress ability simultaneously, reduces cultivation risk.
Certain customers' result of the test (adopting the prescription of embodiment 1):
1 ,Yang Ling demonstration area Rou Gu plant
User evaluates: adopt grass carp anti-stress feed of the present invention, can reach commodity rate and the commercial specification the same with other feeds, but feed coefficient is lower, and importantly the full phase death rate is very low, how the ratio of the non-fish disease death of grass carp is in recent years in 5% left and right, and anti-stress feed of the present invention is controlled at 0.5% by the non-fish disease death rate unexpectedly, and fish body anti-stress ability obviously improves, grass carp physique, significantly better than other brands, can also improve culture benefit.
2, fishing ground, Lee Xinghai County, Xing Wang village, Chongwen, Jingyang town
User evaluates: uses grass carp anti-stress feed of the present invention nearly April, than other brand feed Zao Chu pools of same class 1 week, and specification was larger, and counterpoise reaches 80% over 2 Jin,Chu pool rates, do not have other brands hemorrhage, fall squama phenomenon, bummaree relatively welcomes.The more important thing is, use grass carp anti-stress feed of the present invention, because the usual physique of grass carp is better, there is no larger injures and deaths, bundle feed coefficient is low by 0.2, demonstrates unique formula advantage.

Claims (6)

1. a mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability, it is characterized in that: by following raw material, made: dregs of beans 160~200 weight portions, the dish dregs of rice 250~300 weight portions, flour 160~200 weight portions, cotton dregs 100~140 weight portions, fish meal 40~50 weight portions, corn is done full alcohol grain 70~120 weight portions, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 20~25 weight portions, edible oil and fat 15~20 weight portions, coated Choline Chloride 1~2 weight portion of concentration 50%, high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation 0.05~0.15 weight portion, composite trace element 1~2 weight portion, coated lysine 2~3 weight portions of concentration 40%, fresh-water fishes B B-complex 1~1.2 weight portion, VBT 0.08~0.12 weight portion, antioxidant 0.2~0.5 weight portion.
2. a kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: by following raw material, made: dregs of beans 180 weight portions, the dish dregs of rice 270 weight portions, flour 192.03 weight portions, cotton dregs 140 weight portions, fish meal 50 weight portions, the dry full alcohol grain of corn 120 weight portions, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 25 weight portions, edible oil and fat 15 weight portions, coated Choline Chloride 2 weight portions of concentration 50%, high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation 0.15 weight portion, composite trace element 2 weight portions, coated lysine 2 weight portions of concentration 40%, fresh-water fishes B B-complex 1.2 weight portions, VBT 0.12 weight portion, antioxidant 0.2 weight portion.
3. a kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: every gram of described high temperature resistant complex enzyme formulation is containing zytase 18000IU, dextranase 2500IU, proteinase 8 000IU.
4. a kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described composite trace element is containing magnesium 0.15~0.3 weight portion, iron 0.12~0.24 weight portion, zinc 0.10~0.20 weight portion, manganese 0.015~0.03 weight portion, iodine 0.0001~0.0002 weight portion, active selenium 0.0002~0.0003 weight portion.
5. a kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described fresh-water fishes B B-complex is containing vitamin A 0.008~0.01 weight portion, vitamin E 0.2~0.24 weight portion, vitamin K 30.009~0.011 weight portion, Cobastab 10.002~0.0024 weight portion, Cobastab 20.007~0.0084 weight portion, Cobastab 60.0065~0.0078 weight portion, niacinamide 0.036~0.043 weight portion, calcium pantothenate 0.03~0.036 weight portion, inositol 0.08~0.1 weight portion, phosphatide vitamin C 0.3~0.36 weight portion.
6. a kind of mixed feed that improves grass carp anti-stress ability according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described antioxidant is ethoxyquinoline.
CN201310450679.XA 2013-09-29 2013-09-29 Mixed feed for improving stress resistance of grass carp Pending CN103504153A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103815201A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-28 明建华 Anti-stress and puffed mixed feed for ctenopharyngodon idellus and production method for feed
CN104970260A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-10-14 通威股份有限公司 Feed for adult coregouns peled
CN104970266A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-10-14 通威股份有限公司 Feed for adult fish of Gymnocypris przewalskii
CN105166551A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-23 通威股份有限公司 Fodder capable of improving stress capability of grass carp
CN105851692A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-17 广州市海维饲料有限公司 Large-scale grass carp compound feed
CN105901413A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-31 通威股份有限公司 Mixed feed preventing crisp-flesh grass carp over-crispness
CN106107221A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-16 孙立民 A kind of Gymnocypris prezewalskii freshwater aquiculture special feed and preparation method thereof
CN106578358A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-04-26 湖北裕泰科技饲料有限公司 Expanded feed for grass carp and tropical fish and preparation method of expanded feed
CN107361238A (en) * 2016-05-11 2017-11-21 云南快大多畜牧科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the expanded slow settling feed of grass carp

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CN103202406A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-07-17 福建省淡水水产研究所 Feed for tendering meat quality of grass carp and preparation method thereof

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CN103202406A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-07-17 福建省淡水水产研究所 Feed for tendering meat quality of grass carp and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103815201A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-28 明建华 Anti-stress and puffed mixed feed for ctenopharyngodon idellus and production method for feed
CN103815201B (en) * 2014-03-04 2015-06-24 湖州师范学院 Anti-stress and puffed mixed feed for ctenopharyngodon idellus and production method for feed
CN104970260A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-10-14 通威股份有限公司 Feed for adult coregouns peled
CN104970266A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-10-14 通威股份有限公司 Feed for adult fish of Gymnocypris przewalskii
CN105166551A (en) * 2015-09-29 2015-12-23 通威股份有限公司 Fodder capable of improving stress capability of grass carp
CN105901413A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-31 通威股份有限公司 Mixed feed preventing crisp-flesh grass carp over-crispness
CN105851692A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-17 广州市海维饲料有限公司 Large-scale grass carp compound feed
CN107361238A (en) * 2016-05-11 2017-11-21 云南快大多畜牧科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the expanded slow settling feed of grass carp
CN106107221A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-16 孙立民 A kind of Gymnocypris prezewalskii freshwater aquiculture special feed and preparation method thereof
CN106578358A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-04-26 湖北裕泰科技饲料有限公司 Expanded feed for grass carp and tropical fish and preparation method of expanded feed

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