CN103499164A - Haze wet heat source heat pump water-cooling all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Haze wet heat source heat pump water-cooling all-in-one machine Download PDF

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CN103499164A
CN103499164A CN201310348013.3A CN201310348013A CN103499164A CN 103499164 A CN103499164 A CN 103499164A CN 201310348013 A CN201310348013 A CN 201310348013A CN 103499164 A CN103499164 A CN 103499164A
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China
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heat
interface
cold
water
energy
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CN201310348013.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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刘秋克
刘博成
殷浪
成建林
丁虎
鲁蓉蓉
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刘秋克
刘博成
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Priority to CN201310348013.3A priority Critical patent/CN103499164A/en
Publication of CN103499164A publication Critical patent/CN103499164A/en

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Abstract

A haze wet heat source heat pump water-cooling all-in-one machine is composed of a broadband fin cold (heat) source absorption device, a multifunctional heat pump reverse Carnot cycle system and a multifunctional cold (heat) energy conversion device. A 'cold moist heat source' converted by solar energy and 'evaporative cooling' are efficiently absorbed and improved to be used as a cold (heat) source of a heat pump and a water-cooling machine. Heat pump absorption cold moist heat source frost plugging can be avoided in winter, and a high energy efficiency water evaporative cooling refrigerating machine is achieved in summer. The problems that serious absorption cold moist heat source frost plugging can occur to a traditional air source heat pump in winter, high energy consumption caused by hot wind cooling and refrigerating happens in summer are solved. The condition that the problems of heat supply and hot water waste heat recovery in winter can not be solved by the high energy efficiency evaporative cooling refrigerating machine in summer is changed. The haze atmospheric environment is purified at the same time when the cold moist heat source is absorbed, and the multifunctionality of equipment is achieved.

Description

The damp and hot source of haze heat pump water-cooled all-in-one
Technical field
The damp and hot source of the haze that type of the present invention relates to heat pump water-cooled all-in-one (heat pump water-cooled all-in-one group), that to take full advantage of solar radiation be that the clammy thermal source with infinite energy is regenerative resource to earth thermal power transfer, under the prerequisite of innovative means structure, the configuration of raising equipment, as cold (heat) source of " heat pump water-cooled all-in-one ", reduce the innovative technology that building relies on fossil energy.
In winter, adapt under " clammy haze " climatic environment, absorbs the clammy latent heat of haze source as source heat pump heat, and direct purification haze weather, realize air conditioner, hot water tri-generation, frostless stifled heat pump functional simultaneously.
Summer, under " hot and humid " water-vapo(u)r saturation state, realize high-efficiency negative-pressure evaporation water cooling refrigeration, reclaim overheated gas simultaneously, cheap domestic hot-water is provided.
Background technology
Solar radiant energy is to maintain surface temperature, promotes the major impetus of tellurian water, atmosphere, biological activity and variation.The ground different latitude is accepted the solar radiation difference, and tellurian heat transmission mainly relies on atmospheric circulation and ocean current, and atmospheric circulation and ocean current have important effect to formation and the variation of geographical environment.
Over Northern Hemisphere In Winter, arctic high latitude area cold air is periodically gone down south, sea, low latitudes equator is subject to the hot ocean of solar radiation evaporation warm moist air go up north (Water, steam circulation), form warm and cold air face-off district at mid latitudes, the low air humidity of surface temperature approaches saturated, the consumption of land mid latitudes urban development fossil energy increases, the pollutant carbon emission is excessive, for condensing, the humid air that approaches saturation state provides the indispensable critical nuclei of condensation, the humid air mist formation has stoped the haze weather harm humans that diffuses to form of harmful particle PM2.5 such as contaminated mist to survive healthy.Under this special meteorological condition, evaporation warm moist air in ocean is gone up north and has been contained damp and hot source that infinite energy transforms by solar energy and lie in atmosphere and be not used widely.
Conventional air source heat pump+electric auxiliary heat, what adopt is that large different transfer of heat technology weatherability environment is poor.
In winter, under clammy haze climatic environment, heating performance is poor, absorbs clammy thermal source and causes frost to occur too early, and frequent defrosting causes heat pump can't normally move heat supply, and when serious, heating performance coefficient is lower than 1.0.Therefore, clammy thermal source becomes harmful regenerative resource of conventional air source heat pump, needs that the auxiliary electrical heater energy consumption is high becomes international technical barrier.
In summer, under low latitudes and the high hot weather environment of mid latitudes, hot blast cooling refrigeration Energy Efficiency Ratio is lower than 35~45% of Water Evaporation cooling refrigeration.
Evaporating cold refrigeration machine+boiler heat supplying, the fossil energy of directly burning causes haze to take place frequently.
Winter, under clammy climatic environment, haze cycle that continues that takes place frequently is long, the arch-criminal is pollutant, the carbon emission nuclei of condensation that the fossil energy generation of having burnt excessive is directly applied in human development, has wherein just comprised the directly fossil energy (coal-burning boiler and gas fired-boiler) of burning of space heating.
Summer,, Water, steam circulation large at evaporation capacity is frequently under climatic environment, relative air humidity approaches the saturation vapour amount, the Water Evaporation phenomenon is in the slow cycle, and traditional water cooling refrigeration evaporator thermal discharge efficiency is low, and leaving water temperature is high, algae grows, increase the heat exchanger heat transfer resistance, the refrigeration machine heat release can only become and air between Exchange of apparent heat, efficiency is low, energy consumption increases.
Summer, be subject to Sea Influence " hot and humid " climatological region in low latitudes, steam approaches under saturation state, tradition water cooling cryocooled tower evaporation heat extraction can only become and air between Exchange of apparent heat, the cooling water outlet temperature is high, algae grows, increase the resistance of heat transfer of refrigeration unit heat exchanger, refrigerating efficiency is low, and energy consumption increases.
The inventing type content
The purpose of the damp and hot source of type haze of the present invention heat pump water-cooled all-in-one, clammy thermal source, the negative pressure evaporation that is to provide a kind of high efficiency applied solar energy to transform is cold etc. as cold (heat) source of heat pump water-cooled all-in-one group.Real air source heat pump and evaporating cold refrigeration machine are combined together, solve its existence the poor poor efficiency of against weather, energy consumption is high and boiler produces pollution problem to environment.Realize the multi-functional of equipment, the low energy consumption high life, purify the haze atmospheric environment.Its main purpose:
Purpose 1: utilize clammy latent heat source, frostless stifled, high-performance heat supply;
Purpose 2: absorb clammy latent heat source, the Cleaning Air haze condenses;
Purpose 3: the clammy thermal source accumulation of heat energy of a negative temperature day defrosting;
Purpose 5: the high energy efficiency cheap domestic hot-water of recuperation of heat of freezing.
We know, the air of 1 cubic metre, and temperature is in the time of 4 ℃, and the vapour quantity that multipotency holds is 6.36 grams; And temperature can be 17.30 grams containing vapour quantity at most in the air of 1 cubic metre while being 20 ℃.When the steam held when air reaches to greatest extent, just reached saturated.And temperature is higher, the steam that can hold in air also the more.Winter is along with the decline steam of air themperature is saturated gradually, unnecessary steam will be combined together to form with the pollutants in air nuclei of condensation atomization (formation haze) of condensation process initial period, air themperature continuation decline will discharge latent heat by atomizing and be cooled to condensation vapor (water droplet) process, so the cold climate phase does not have haze, haze is to appear in clammy Climatic.Utilize the damp and hot source of haze involved in the present invention heat pump water-cooled all-in-one, can absorb the pollutants in air nuclei of condensation, realize that artificial cooling absorbs the clammy thermal source of haze frostless stifled, thereby effectively prevent and reduce the generation of haze.
Winter, utilize the artificial low-temperature receiver of manufacturing of little different transfer of heat (the economic heat transfer temperature difference of heat pump) and copper ion finned heat exchanger structure, the clammy thermal source air of haze that can coolingly enter in body produces the low level heat source that condensation vapor release latent heat is used as heat pump, realize that clammy thermal source is frostless stifled, cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating three alliances, reduce the dependence of building to fossil energy, the Cleaning Air environment.
In summer, under the warm environment, applying adjustable air intake grid, to coordinate variable-flow blast blower fan, broadband copper ion finned heat exchanger to produce the sterilizing of negative pressure evaporation ion cooling, without Legionella and der Pilz breeding.
The technical scheme of type of the present invention is: by broadband fin cold (heat) source absorption machine 1, and the contrary Carnot cycle system 2 of multifunctional heat pump, Multifunctional cold (heat) energy conversion device 3 forms.
Described broadband fin cold and hot (heat) absorption machine 1 comprises that adjustable air intake grid, plasma generator, copper ion finned heat exchanger, carbon filtering mist layer, variable-flow negative-pressure air fan, cooling condensate drain pan, chilling spray pump, strong magnetic antisludging equipment, chilling spray device form.
Described adjustable air intake grid is positioned at the outer enclosed structure of one casing middle part and plasma generator and copper ion finned heat exchanger UNICOM; Plasma generator is between copper ion finned heat exchanger and adjustable air intake grid; The copper ion finned heat exchanger is positioned at one casing enclosed structure middle and upper part and carbon filtering mist layer UNICOM; Carbon filtering mist layer is positioned at copper ion finned heat exchanger top and variable-flow negative-pressure air fan UNICOM; The variable-flow negative-pressure air fan is positioned at the outer enclosed structure top of one casing and atmosphere UNICOM; Cooling condensate drain pan is positioned at one casing enclosed structure middle part and plasma generator and copper ion finned heat exchanger UNICOM; Chilling spray pump (use in summer), be positioned at cooling condensate drain pan bottom and be connected with magnetic antisludging equipment by force; Strong magnetic antisludging equipment is positioned at cooling condensate drain pan bottom and is connected with the chilling spray device by pipeline; The chilling spray device is positioned at copper ion finned heat exchanger top, upper and carbon filtering mist layer UNICOM, lower and copper ion finned heat exchanger UNICOM.
The contrary Carnot cycle system 2 of described multifunctional heat pump comprises heat pump/refrigerating compressor, four-way change-over valve, heats the expansion valve group, refrigeration expansion valve group, operating mode three-way flow guide valve, countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group, working medium current divider, evaporative condenser comb, working medium absorption tube row, load side working medium heat exchanger plates, condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe, defrosting thermal source coil pipe formation again.
Described heat pump/refrigerating compressor top exhaust outlet is connected with condensation heat-storage plate tube inlet by pipeline, and the outlet of condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe is connected with end interface on four reversal valves by pipeline, and lower end first interface from left to right is connected with operating mode three-way flow guide valve interface 1 by pipeline; Operating mode three-way flow guide valve interface 2 is connected with interface on load side working medium heat exchanger plates by pipeline, and lower interface is connected with refrigeration expansion valve group interface 2, defrosting thermal source coil pipe import check valve by pipeline; Operating mode three-way flow guide valve interface 3 is connected with the outlet of defrosting thermal source coil pipe by pipeline, and the import of defrosting thermal source coil pipe is connected with check valve by pipeline; Refrigeration expansion valve group interface 1 by pipeline with heat expansion valve group interface 1 and be connected, heat expansion valve group interface 2 and be connected with countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group interface 4, interface 6 by pipeline, interface 2 is connected with the working medium current divider by pipeline; The working medium current divider is connected with interface on the evaporative condenser comb by isocon, and lower interface arranges by pipe that absorption tube row, countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group interface 1 are connected again with working medium; Countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group interface 3, interface 5 by pipeline and four reversal valve lower ends from left to right the 3rd interface tube be connected, lower end the 2nd interface tube from left to right is connected with heat pump/refrigerating compressor air suction mouth by pipeline.
Described Multifunctional cold (heat) energy conversion device 3 comprises that accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4, load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 form.
Described accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4 interface 3-4.1 is connected with the pipe network hot water backwater by pipeline, and interface 3-4.2 is connected output hot water by pipeline with the water inlet of pipe network hot water; Load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 interface 3-5.1 is connected with load side pipe network backwater interface by pipeline, and interface 3-5.2 is connected with load side pipe network water supply interface by pipeline, exports in the winter time respectively heating hot water and exports chilled water summer.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is type one example structure of the present invention (heating thermal shunt hot water pattern) schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is type one example structure of the present invention (refrigeration recuperation of heat hot water pattern) schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is type one example structure of the present invention (an accumulation of heat day defrosting pattern) schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, type of the present invention " the damp and hot source of haze heat pump water-cooled all-in-one " is described further.
With reference to accompanying drawing 1, the present embodiment comprises by broadband fin cold (heat) absorption plant 1, the contrary Carnot cycle system 2 of multifunctional heat pump, and Multifunctional cold (heat) energy conversion device 3 forms.
Illustrate: in figure, large hollow arrow means air-flow direction, and the little filled arrows low pressure working fluid that means to freeze circulates direction.Little hollow arrow means working medium cycle of higher pressure flow direction.
Described broadband fin cold and hot (heat) absorption machine 1 comprises that adjustable air intake grid 1-1, plasma generator 1-2, ion finned heat exchanger 1-3, carbon filtering mist layer 1-4, variable-flow negative-pressure air fan 1-5, cooling condensate drain pan 1-6, chilling spray pump 1-7, strong magnetic antisludging equipment 1-8, chilling spray device 1-9 form.
Described adjustable air intake grid 1-1 is positioned at the outer enclosed structure of one casing middle part and plasma generator 1-2 and ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 UNICOM; Plasma generator 1-2 is between ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 and adjustable air intake grid 1-1; Ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 is positioned at one casing enclosed structure middle and upper part and carbon filtering mist layer 1-4 UNICOM; Carbon filtering mist layer 1-4 is positioned at ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 top and variable-flow negative-pressure air fan 1-5 UNICOM; Variable-flow negative-pressure air fan 1-5 is positioned at the outer enclosed structure top of one casing and atmosphere UNICOM; Cooling condensate drain pan 1-6 is positioned at one casing enclosed structure middle part and plasma generator 1-2 and ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 bottom UNICOM; Chilling spray pump 1-7 is positioned at cooling condensate drain pan 1-6 bottom and is connected with strong magnetic antisludging equipment 1-8; Strong magnetic antisludging equipment 1-8 is positioned at cooling condensate drain pan 1-6 bottom and is connected with chilling spray device 1-9 by pipeline; Chilling spray device 1-9 is positioned at ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 top, upper and carbon filtering mist layer 1-4 UNICOM, lower and ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 UNICOM.
The contrary Carnot cycle system 2 of described multifunctional heat pump comprises heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1, four-way change-over valve 2-2, heats expansion valve group 2-3, refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4, operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5, countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6, working medium current divider 1-11, evaporative condenser comb 1-12, absorption tube row 1-13, load side working medium heat exchanger plates 3-1, condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2, defrosting thermal source coil pipe 3-3 form working medium again.
Described heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 top vent 2-1.2 is connected with condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 entrance 3-2.1 by pipeline, 3-2 outlet 3-2.2 is connected with the upper end interface of four reversal valve 2-2 by pipeline, and 2-2 lower end the 1st interface from left to right is connected with operating mode operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5 interface 1 by pipeline; Operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5 interface 2 is connected with the upper interface 3-1.1 of load side working medium heat exchanger plates 3-1 by pipeline, and 3-1 lower interface 3-1.2 is connected with refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4 interface 2, defrosting thermal source coil pipe 3-3 import check valve 3-3.3 by pipeline; Operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5 interface 3 is connected with defrosting thermal source coil pipe 3-3 outlet 3-3.2 by pipeline, and 3-3 import 3-3.2 is connected with check valve 3-3.1 by pipeline; Refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4 interface 1 by pipeline with heat expansion valve group 2-3 interface 1 and be connected, 2-3 interface 2 is connected with countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 4, interface 6 by pipeline, 2-6 interface 2 is connected with working medium current divider 1-11 by pipeline; Working medium current divider 1-11 is connected with evaporative condenser comb 1-12 interface 1-12.1 by isocon, and 1-12 interface 1-12.2 arranges by pipe that absorption tube row 1-13, countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 1 are connected again with working medium; Countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 3, interface 5 by pipeline and four reversal valve 2-2 lower ends from left to right the 3rd interface tube be connected, 2-2 lower end the 2nd interface tube from left to right is connected with heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 air entry 2-1.1 by pipeline.
Described Multifunctional cold (heat) energy conversion device 3 comprises that accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4, load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 form.
Described accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4 interface 3-4.1 is connected with pipe network hot water backwater, system water supplement by pipeline, and interface 3-4.2 is connected the output health hot water by pipeline with the water inlet of health hot water pipe network; Load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 interface 3-5.1 is connected with load side pipe network backwater interface by pipeline, and interface 3-5.2 is connected with load side water supply network interface by pipeline, exports in the winter time respectively heating hot water and exports air conditioning water summer.
The damp and hot source of haze heat pump water-cooled all-in-one operation principle
The damp and hot source of haze heat pump water-cooled all-in-one is by broadband fin cold (heat) source absorption machine 1, and multifunctional heat pump is against Carnot cycle system 2, and Multifunctional cold (heat) energy conversion device 3 forms.
Broadband fin cold and hot (heat) absorption machine, Fig. 1 operation principle.
In winter, absorb the clammy thermal source operation principle of haze, and air forms the systemic circulation with air under unit variable-flow negative-pressure air fan 1-5 drives.Clammy thermal source air enters from the adjustable air intake grid 1-1 of full-gear, enter the cooling release latent heat of condensation of ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 (thermal source is passed to evaporative condenser comb 1-12) through plasma generator 1-2 adverse current, the change procedure that cooling humidity reduction has occurred further filters amounts of residual contamination do by carbon filtering mist layer 1-4, send into the clammy thermal source of Atmospheric Absorption via variable-flow negative-pressure air fan 1-5, enter ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 through adjustable air intake grid 1-1 again, complete the cooling humidity reduction heat-obtaining to clammy air, the processing procedure that condensation vapor purifies.Clammy thermal source air, after ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 cooling humidity reduction processing procedure, is isolated the condensate water that contains pollutant and is fallen into the concentrated discharge of cooling condensate drain pan 1-6.The surrounding air negative temperature, the surface frosting of wide bandwidth finned heat exchanger continues 24 hours cycles, 1-5 is out of service for defrosting process variable-flow negative-pressure air fan, the condensation latent heat provided by heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 has been provided ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 inner tube evaporative condenser comb, ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 surface frost melts.
Summer, negative pressure evaporation cooling refrigeration operation principle, damp-heat air forms the outdoor air systemic circulation under one unit variable-flow negative-pressure air fan 1-5 drives.Damp-heat air enters from the adjustable air intake grid 1-1 of half-open position, at ion finned heat exchanger 1-3, forms the negative pressure evaporation chamber.Cooling condensate drain pan 1-6 cooling water drives through chilling spray pump 1-7, enter chilling spray device 1-9 to ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 spraying cooling water through strong magnetic antisludging equipment 1-8, the air conditioner afterheat generation negative pressure evaporation cooling procedure coolant water temperature that cooling water has absorbed ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 inner tube evaporative condenser comb 1-12 (for inner tube working medium heat exchanger tube) release reduces.Ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 has and cooling water is discharged to copper ion kills Legionella and Algal Effects by maltreatment, and the plasma generator effect is that plasma sterilization is distributed in space.
The contrary Carnot cycle system of described multifunctional heat pump, Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, operation principle.
Fig. 1 heats thermal shunt hot water pattern
Liquid refrigeration working medium is that the low pressure refrigerant moist steam enters countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 6 by 2-3 interface 2 through heating expansion valve group 2-3 throttling, after guiding, by interface 2, enters working medium current divider 1-11, enter evaporative condenser comb 1-12 interface 1-12.2 by working medium current divider 1-11 shunting and absorb from the cooling release latent heat of condensation of the clammy thermal source air of copper ion finned heat exchanger 1-3, be evaporated to wet saturated vapor, through evaporative condenser comb 1-12 interface 1-12.2 enter working medium again absorption tube row 1-13 absorb and do not evaporate moist steam, enter countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 1, enter four-way change-over valve 2-2 lower end the 3rd root interface from left to right through guiding by interface 5, by 2-2 the 2nd root interface output, enter heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 air entry 2-1.1, being promoted to the high-pressure refrigerant overheated gas through heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 is discharged by exhaust outlet 2-1.2, enter condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 interface 3-2.1, being cooled to the high-pressure refrigerant saturated vapor through coil pipe to accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4 release heat energy (the thermal shunt domestic hot-water is provided) is discharged by condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 interface 3-2.2, enter the upper end interface of four-way change-over valve 2-2, by four reversal valve 2-2 lower end the 1st root interface outputs, enter operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5 interface 1, enter the upper interface 3-1.1 of load side working medium heat exchanger plates 3-1 through water conservancy diversion by interface 2, the high-pressure refrigerant saturated vapor enters load side working medium heat exchanger plates 3-1 and is condensed into the high-pressure refrigerant saturated liquid to load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 circulatory mediator release calorific potential (the circulatory mediator water temperature raises provides air conditioning hot), enter heat pump expansion valve group 2-3 throttling expansion through the inner by-pass flow of refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4 and complete contrary Carnot cycle.
Fig. 2 recuperation of heat hot water pattern of freezing
Liquid refrigeration working medium is that the low pressure refrigerant moist steam enters load side working medium heat exchanger plates 3-1 lower interface 3-1.2 by 2-4 interface 2 through refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4 throttling, absorption is from load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 circulatory mediator heat transfer sensible heat energy (the circulatory mediator temperature reduces provides air conditioning water), be evaporated to wet saturated vapor, by the upper interface 3-1.1 of 3-1, enter operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5 interface 2; Enter four-way change-over valve 2-2 lower end the 1st root interface from left to right through water conservancy diversion by operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5 interface 1, by 2-2 the 2nd root interface output, enter heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 air entry 2-1.1, being promoted to the high-pressure refrigerant overheated gas through heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 is discharged by exhaust outlet 2-1.2, enter condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 interface 3-2.1, discharge heat energy (water is heated provides the domestic hot-water) through coil pipe to accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4, be cooled to the high-pressure refrigerant saturated vapor and discharged by condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 interface 3-2.2; The high-pressure refrigerant saturated vapor enters the upper end interface of four-way change-over valve 2-2, by four reversal valve 2-2 lower end the 3rd root interface, discharged, enter countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 3 and enter working medium current divider 1-11 shunting through guiding by interface 2, enter evaporative condenser comb 1-12 interface 1-12.1; The high-pressure refrigerant saturated vapor discharges the latent heat of condensation (cooling water absorbs heat generation Water Evaporation temperature and descends) through evaporative condenser comb 1-12 to copper ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 and is condensed into the high-pressure refrigerant saturated liquid, enter the working medium excessively cold countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 1 that enters of absorption tube row 1-13 again, through guiding, by interface 4, through heating the inner by-pass flow of expansion valve group 2-3, enter refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4 throttling expansion and complete Carnot cycle.
Accumulation of heat day defrosting pattern of Fig. 3
Liquid refrigeration working medium is that the low pressure refrigerant moist steam enters defrosting thermal source coil pipe 3-3 interface 3-3.1 by 2-4 interface 2 through check valve 3-3.3 through refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4 throttling; Absorb accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4 accumulation of heat and can be evaporated to the saturated moist steam of cold-producing medium, by 3-3 interface 3-3.2, discharge and enter operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5 interface 3; Enter four-way change-over valve 2-2 lower end the 1st root interface from left to right through water conservancy diversion by operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5 interface 1, by 2-2 the 2nd root interface output, enter heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 air entry 2-1.1, being promoted to the high-pressure refrigerant overheated gas through heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1 is discharged by exhaust outlet 2-1.2, enter condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 interface 3-2.1, discharge heat energy (heating domestic hot-water) through coil pipe to accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4, be cooled to the high-pressure refrigerant saturated vapor and discharged by condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 interface 3-2.2; The high-pressure refrigerant saturated vapor enters the upper end interface of four-way change-over valve 2-2, by four reversal valve 2-2 lower end the 3rd root interface, is discharged and is entered countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 3 and enter working medium current divider 1-11 shunting through guiding by interface 2 and enter evaporative condenser comb 1-12 interface 1-12.1; The high-pressure refrigerant saturated vapor discharges latent heat of condensation defrosting (stopping variable-flow negative-pressure air fan 1-5 running during defrosting) to copper ion finned heat exchanger 1-3 and is condensed into the high-pressure refrigerant saturated liquid, enter working medium again absorption tube row 1-13, countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6 interface 1 through guiding by interface 4, enter refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4 throttling expansion and complete contrary Carnot cycle through heating the inner by-pass flow of expansion valve group 2-3.
Multifunctional cold (heat) energy conversion device 3 operation principles
Accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder: accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4 is a kind of accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder, because damp and hot source heat pump is to adopt the little temperature difference design of broadband fin, fin surface frosting temperature descends 5~6 ℃, and during the air negative temperature, defrosing cycle continues more than 12 hours; In winter, provide the domestic hot-water at the surrounding air negative temperature heat that in the non-defrosting time, accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4 absorption condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 discharges, and during defrosting, to defrosting thermal source coil pipe 3-3, provides accumulation of heat energy thermal source, guarantees rapid defrosting.In summer, the refrigeration waste heat that accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4 absorption condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2 discharges provides the recuperation of heat domestic hot-water.
Load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger: load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 is a kind of heat transmission equipment that warm hot water, air conditioning water are provided.In winter, load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 has absorbed by heat transfer the latent heat of condensation that load side working medium heat exchanger plates 3-1 discharges, and the circulatory mediator temperature raises; In summer, load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5 circulatory mediator conducts heat to load side working medium heat exchanger plates 3-1, and in heat exchanger plates, air conditioner afterheat is taken away in working medium heat absorption evaporation, and the circulatory mediator temperature reduces provides air conditioning water.

Claims (3)

1. " broadband fin cold (heat) source absorption plant " comprises adjustable air intake grid 1-1, plasma generator 1-2, copper ion finned heat exchanger 1-3, carbon filtering mist layer 1-4, variable-flow negative-pressure air fan 1-5, cooling condensate drain pan 1-6, chilling spray pump 1-7, strong magnetic antisludging equipment 1-8, chilling spray device 1-9.
" multifunctional heat pump contrary Carnot cycle system " comprise heat pump/refrigerating compressor 2-1, four-way change-over valve 2-2, heat expansion valve group 2-3, refrigeration expansion valve group 2-4, operating mode three-way flow guide valve 2-5, countercurrent heat-transfer guide valve group 2-6, working medium current divider 1-11, evaporative condenser comb 1-12, working medium absorption tube row 1-13, load side working medium heat exchanger plates 3-1, condensation accumulation of heat coil pipe 3-2, defrosting thermal source coil pipe 3-3 again.
3. " Multifunctional cold (heat) energy conversion device " comprises accumulation of heat energy defrosting hot-water cylinder 3-4, load side cold (heat) energy heat exchanger 3-5.
CN201310348013.3A 2013-08-12 2013-08-12 Haze wet heat source heat pump water-cooling all-in-one machine CN103499164A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104180440A (en) * 2014-09-06 2014-12-03 刘秋克 Closed nano-fluid haze absorption heating machine
CN105169856A (en) * 2014-05-28 2015-12-23 王世亮 Fog and haze treatment method and special application system thereof
CN105180316A (en) * 2014-06-21 2015-12-23 刘秋克 Haze freezing and heat supply device of electrostatic field
CN105258391A (en) * 2014-07-19 2016-01-20 刘秋克 Flash evaporation working medium pump type low-heat-source heat pump
CN105299794A (en) * 2014-07-19 2016-02-03 刘秋克 Double-channel cold and heat source haze purifying and heating tower
CN105318589A (en) * 2014-07-05 2016-02-10 刘秋克 Liquid-differential kinetic low-heat source heat pump
CN105318590A (en) * 2014-07-19 2016-02-10 刘秋克 Flash gravity difference low heat source heat pump
CN105318462A (en) * 2014-07-02 2016-02-10 刘秋克 Integrated device with static haze treating, freezing defogging, purifying and heat supplying functions

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105169856A (en) * 2014-05-28 2015-12-23 王世亮 Fog and haze treatment method and special application system thereof
CN105169856B (en) * 2014-05-28 2017-02-15 王世亮 Fog and haze treatment method and special application system thereof
CN105180316B (en) * 2014-06-21 2018-10-19 刘秋克 Electrostatic field freezes haze heating plant
CN105180316A (en) * 2014-06-21 2015-12-23 刘秋克 Haze freezing and heat supply device of electrostatic field
CN105318462B (en) * 2014-07-02 2018-06-29 湖南三合能水汽热泵有限公司 Electrostatic controls haze freezing demisting purification heat supply all-in-one machine
CN105318462A (en) * 2014-07-02 2016-02-10 刘秋克 Integrated device with static haze treating, freezing defogging, purifying and heat supplying functions
CN105318589A (en) * 2014-07-05 2016-02-10 刘秋克 Liquid-differential kinetic low-heat source heat pump
CN105318590A (en) * 2014-07-19 2016-02-10 刘秋克 Flash gravity difference low heat source heat pump
CN105299794A (en) * 2014-07-19 2016-02-03 刘秋克 Double-channel cold and heat source haze purifying and heating tower
CN105258391A (en) * 2014-07-19 2016-01-20 刘秋克 Flash evaporation working medium pump type low-heat-source heat pump
CN105299794B (en) * 2014-07-19 2018-06-01 湖南三合能水汽热泵有限公司 The purification of binary channels Cooling and Heat Source haze takes thermal tower
CN104180440B (en) * 2014-09-06 2016-09-07 刘秋克 Enclosed nano-fluid haze absorbs heat supply machine
CN104180440A (en) * 2014-09-06 2014-12-03 刘秋克 Closed nano-fluid haze absorption heating machine

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Application publication date: 20140108