CN103497014B - A kind of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation and manufacture craft thereof - Google Patents

A kind of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation and manufacture craft thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103497014B
CN103497014B CN201310404250.7A CN201310404250A CN103497014B CN 103497014 B CN103497014 B CN 103497014B CN 201310404250 A CN201310404250 A CN 201310404250A CN 103497014 B CN103497014 B CN 103497014B
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China
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raw
paddy rice
fertilizer special
biological fertilizer
sprout cultivation
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CN201310404250.7A
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CN103497014A (en
Inventor
姜述君
范文艳
刘朝
张国庆
于文莹
黄丹丹
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Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University
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Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation formula, its composition comprise scouring rush, urtica angustifolia, Radix Glycyrrhizae, chicken manure just, soddy soil, wheat bran and compost fermentation EM bacterium, raw material mixing mixed thoroughly, water content control is at 40-55%, pile up 50 days under room temperature condition, namely make.This fertilizer is applicable to raising rice seedlings.Production method of the present invention is simple, and cost is low; Promote rice seed germination and growth of seedling, significantly improve Seedling Quality in Rice; Effectively can control the generation of paddy seedbed damping-off.Disease-resistant and strong sprout acts on significantly.

Description

A kind of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation and manufacture craft thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of biological fertilizer, especially relate to a kind of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation and manufacture craft thereof.
Background technology
Feces of livestock and poultry is the high quality raw material producing fertilizer.Feces of livestock and poultry not only containing N, P, the K needed for plant-growth and trace element, and contains the Organic nutrient such as protein, crude fat, vitamin B group.If dried poultrymanure is just containing abundant amino acid, containing 17 seed amino acids, total amount reaches 8.27%.Much research proves, and application of organic fertilizers can significantly improve the soil organism, and improvement Soil structure, promotes crop yield.Therefore, the Animal manure loss environmental problem that the fast development utilizing feces of livestock and poultry production fertilizer not only can solve livestock and poultry breeding industry causes, and also also significant to promotion agricultural sustainable development.
Tradition organic fertilizer production mainly directly utilizes feces of livestock and poultry or utilizes feces of livestock and poultry and crop material composting to produce fertilizer.Utilize feces of livestock and poultry and herbal medicine plant composting to produce fertilizer at present and rarely have report.The extract of nettle and Radix Glycyrrhizae has stronger antagonistic action to causing the dry thread Pyrenomycetes of rice seedling damping-off (Rizoctoniasolani), Fusarium solani (Fusarium solani) and Fusarium graminearum (Fusarium oxywporum).Scouring rush not only has antifungal property, and it is rich in element silicon.Element silicon has vital role to raising paddy disease-resistant ability.Rice seedling blight is the Major Diseases of dry seedling bed of rice.Due to can not chemical pesticide be used in organic paddy rice planting process, therefore, what effectively control damping-off is an organic paddy rice seedling process subject matter urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: provide a kind of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation and manufacture craft thereof, can not only promote that rice seedling grows, and effectively can control the generation of seedbed damping-off, paddy seedbed disease problem in effective solution organic paddy rice seedling production.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, a kind of technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation, it is characterized in that, formed by following raw material fermentation reactor system, parts by weight of raw materials is respectively: scouring rush 3-7 part, urtica angustifolia 1-7 part, Radix Glycyrrhizae 1-7 part, chicken manure is 10-20 part just, soddy soil 5-20 part, wheat bran 1-7 part, fermented bacterium 0.5%.
Preferably, described urtica angustifolia, scouring rush, Radix Glycyrrhizae are the plant of its overground part after the drying.
Preferably, described chicken manure be just dried chicken manure just.
Preferably, described fermented bacterium is EM bacterium.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, another kind of technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of manufacture craft of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation, comprise the steps: that getting each raw material by weight mixes, keep water content at 40-55%, load in plastic tank and close, room temperature is fermented, and is stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment 50 days, described Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation can be obtained.
Have employed technique scheme, beneficial effect of the present invention is: production method of the present invention is simple, and cost is low; Promote rice seed germination and growth of seedling, significantly improve Seedling Quality in Rice; Effectively can control the generation of paddy seedbed damping-off.Disease-resistant and strong sprout acts on significantly.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1:
Fully dry scouring rush, urtica angustifolia and Radix Glycyrrhizae overground part plant and chicken manure are just pulverized.Get 3 parts, scouring rush's powder; 1 part, urtica angustifolia powder; Licorice powder 1 part; Chicken manure just 10 parts; Soddy soil 5 parts; 1 part, wheat bran, gross weight is 12.5kg.Raw material is fully stirred each raw material is mixed, in whipping process, with the continuous trickle of watering can, make fermentation raw material water content remain between 40-55%, EM bacterium inoculum size is 0.5%, is then loaded by fermentation raw material in plastic tank and closes fermentation, leavening temperature is room temperature, stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment after 50 days, product is organic bio-fertilizer.
Bio-fertilizer and garden mould are hybridly prepared into seedbed soil in 1:4 ratio and carry out raising rice seedlings, sow after 28 days, and the white root rate of rice seedling is 91.3%, and root number is 7.8, and plant height is 10.5cm, and damping-off sickness rate is 8.04%.
Embodiment 2:
Fully dry scouring rush, urtica angustifolia and Radix Glycyrrhizae overground part plant and chicken manure are just pulverized.Get 7 parts, scouring rush's powder; 7 parts, urtica angustifolia powder; Licorice powder 7 parts; Chicken manure just 20 parts; Soddy soil 20 parts; 7 parts, wheat bran, gross weight is 12.5kg.Raw material is fully stirred each raw material is mixed, with the continuous trickle of watering can in whipping process, fermentation raw material water content is made to remain between 40-55%, EM bacterium inoculum size is 0.5%, then loaded by fermentation raw material in plastic tank and close fermentation, leavening temperature is room temperature, is stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment after 50 days, product is organic bio-fertilizer.
Bio-fertilizer and garden mould are hybridly prepared into seedbed soil in 1:4 ratio and carry out raising rice seedlings, sow after 28 days, and the white root rate of rice seedling is 93.4%, and root number is 7.05, and plant height is 10.9cm, and damping-off sickness rate is 7.85%.
Embodiment 3:
Fully dry scouring rush, urtica angustifolia and Radix Glycyrrhizae overground part plant and chicken manure are just pulverized.Get 5 parts, scouring rush's powder; 3 parts, urtica angustifolia powder; Licorice powder 5 parts; Chicken manure just 15 parts; Soddy soil 10 parts; 5 parts, wheat bran, gross weight is 10.5kg.Raw material is fully stirred each raw material is mixed, with the continuous trickle of watering can in whipping process, fermentation raw material water content is made to remain between 40-55%, EM bacterium inoculum size is 0.5%, then loaded by fermentation raw material in plastic tank and close fermentation, leavening temperature is room temperature, is stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment after 50 days, product is organic bio-fertilizer.
Bio-fertilizer and garden mould are hybridly prepared into seedbed soil in 1:4 ratio and carry out raising rice seedlings, sow after 28 days, and the white root rate of rice seedling is 92.1%, and root number is 8.23, and plant height is 10.7cm, and damping-off sickness rate is 6.06%.
Embodiment 4:
Fully dry scouring rush, urtica angustifolia and Radix Glycyrrhizae overground part plant and chicken manure are just pulverized.Get 7 parts, scouring rush's powder; 1 part, urtica angustifolia powder; Licorice powder 7 parts; Chicken manure just 15 parts; Soddy soil 5 parts; 1 part, wheat bran, gross weight is 9.0kg.Raw material is fully stirred each raw material is mixed, with the continuous trickle of watering can in whipping process, fermentation raw material water content is made to remain between 40-55%, EM bacterium inoculum size is 0.5%, then loaded by fermentation raw material in plastic tank and close fermentation, leavening temperature is room temperature, is stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment after 50 days, product is organic bio-fertilizer.
Bio-fertilizer and garden mould are hybridly prepared into seedbed soil in 1:4 ratio and carry out raising rice seedlings, sow after 28 days, and the white root rate of rice seedling is 95.1%, and root number is 8.63, and plant height is 11.1cm, and damping-off sickness rate is 4.56%.
Embodiment 5:
Fully dry scouring rush, urtica angustifolia and Radix Glycyrrhizae overground part plant and chicken manure are just pulverized.Get 3 parts, scouring rush's powder; 5 parts, urtica angustifolia powder; Licorice powder 3 parts; Chicken manure just 20 parts; Soddy soil 5 parts; 3 parts, wheat bran, gross weight is 13.0kg.Raw material is fully stirred each raw material is mixed, with the continuous trickle of watering can in whipping process, fermentation raw material water content is made to remain between 40-55%, EM bacterium inoculum size is 0.5%, then loaded by fermentation raw material in plastic tank and close fermentation, leavening temperature is room temperature, is stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment after 50 days, product is organic bio-fertilizer.
Bio-fertilizer and garden mould are hybridly prepared into seedbed soil in 1:4 ratio and carry out raising rice seedlings, sow after 28 days, and the white root rate of rice seedling is 90.6%, and root number is 7.83, and plant height is 9.26cm, and damping-off sickness rate is 9.05%.
Embodiment 6:
Fully dry scouring rush, urtica angustifolia and Radix Glycyrrhizae overground part plant and chicken manure are just pulverized.Get 7 parts, scouring rush's powder; 5 parts, urtica angustifolia powder; Licorice powder 1 part; Chicken manure just 10 parts; Soddy soil 20 parts; 3 parts, wheat bran, gross weight is 11.5kg.Raw material is fully stirred each raw material is mixed, with the continuous trickle of watering can in whipping process, fermentation raw material water content is made to remain between 40-55%, EM bacterium inoculum size is 0.5%, then loaded by fermentation raw material in plastic tank and close fermentation, leavening temperature is room temperature, is stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment after 50 days, product is organic bio-fertilizer.
Bio-fertilizer and garden mould are hybridly prepared into seedbed soil in 1:4 ratio and carry out raising rice seedlings, sow after 28 days, and the white root rate of rice seedling is 93.77%, and root number is 6.16, and plant height is 9.56cm, and damping-off sickness rate is 7.95%.
Embodiment 7:
Fully dry scouring rush, urtica angustifolia and Radix Glycyrrhizae overground part plant and chicken manure are just pulverized.Get 5 parts, scouring rush's powder; 1 part, urtica angustifolia powder; Licorice powder 5 parts; Chicken manure just 15 parts; Soddy soil 5 parts; 3 parts, wheat bran, gross weight is 11.33kg.Raw material is fully stirred each raw material is mixed, with the continuous trickle of watering can in whipping process, fermentation raw material water content is made to remain between 40-55%, EM bacterium inoculum size is 0.5%, then loaded by fermentation raw material in plastic tank and close fermentation, leavening temperature is room temperature, is stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment after 50 days, product is organic bio-fertilizer.
Bio-fertilizer and garden mould are hybridly prepared into seedbed soil in 1:4 ratio and carry out raising rice seedlings, sow after 28 days, and the white root rate of rice seedling is 90.74%, and root number is 6.51, and plant height is 9.69cm, and damping-off sickness rate is 9.52%.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned concrete embodiment, and those of ordinary skill in the art is from above-mentioned design, and without performing creative labour, done all conversion, all drop within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. an Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation, is characterized in that, formed by following raw material fermentation reactor system, parts by weight of raw materials is respectively: scouring rush 3-7 part, urtica angustifolia 1-7 part, Radix Glycyrrhizae 1-7 part, chicken manure is 10-20 part just, soddy soil 5-20 part, wheat bran 1-7 part, fermented bacterium inoculum size is 0.5%.
2. Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described urtica angustifolia, scouring rush, Radix Glycyrrhizae are the plant of its overground part after the drying.
3. Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described chicken manure be just dried chicken manure just.
4. Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fermented bacterium is EM bacterium.
5. a manufacture craft for Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation described in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises the steps: to get scouring rush by weight, urtica angustifolia, Radix Glycyrrhizae, chicken manure is just, soddy soil, wheat bran, fermented bacterium EM bacterium mixes, keep water content at 40-55%, load in plastic tank and close, room temperature is fermented, and is stirred 3-5 time by raw material in fermenting process, ferment 50 days, described Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation can be obtained.
CN201310404250.7A 2013-08-31 2013-08-31 A kind of Organic biological fertilizer special for paddy rice sprout cultivation and manufacture craft thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103497014B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104370625A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-02-25 陕西省微生物研究所 Nettle compost tea and preparation method thereof
CN104557195A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-29 唐华烨 Composite fertilizer
CN105850577A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-17 郎溪县宏业粮油种植家庭农场 Seedling culture soil for meridian and blood activating rice and preparation method of seedling culture soil
CN106588272A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-04-26 柳江县土壤肥料工作站 Fermentation material special for rice seedbed conditioner
CN106747737A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-31 贵州省武陵山药用植物白芨开发有限公司 A kind of special organic bio-fertilizer of the bletilla striata and its preparation technology
CN107311813A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-11-03 望江西圩米业有限公司 A kind of compoiste fertilizer preparation method for paddy rice
CN107311812A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-11-03 望江西圩米业有限公司 A kind of preparation method of paddy rice fermentation poultry dung composite fertilizer

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CN101503312A (en) * 2009-03-16 2009-08-12 丁发洪 Environment friendly biological organic biogas manure and production method thereof
CN101507410A (en) * 2009-03-30 2009-08-19 王其传 Machine-transplanted rice seedling raising ground substance and production method thereof
CN101514122A (en) * 2008-02-20 2009-08-26 褚贵德 Natural keratin composite fertilizer and method for preparing same

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101514122A (en) * 2008-02-20 2009-08-26 褚贵德 Natural keratin composite fertilizer and method for preparing same
CN101503312A (en) * 2009-03-16 2009-08-12 丁发洪 Environment friendly biological organic biogas manure and production method thereof
CN101507410A (en) * 2009-03-30 2009-08-19 王其传 Machine-transplanted rice seedling raising ground substance and production method thereof

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