CN103496893A - Novel energy-saving, heat-preservation and environment-friendly building sand material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Novel energy-saving, heat-preservation and environment-friendly building sand material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103496893A
CN103496893A CN201310421293.6A CN201310421293A CN103496893A CN 103496893 A CN103496893 A CN 103496893A CN 201310421293 A CN201310421293 A CN 201310421293A CN 103496893 A CN103496893 A CN 103496893A
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parts
sand material
novel energy
thermal insulation
energy saving
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CN201310421293.6A
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CN103496893B (en
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陈剑
钟安祯
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Puding Yinfeng Agricultural Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Puding Yinfeng Agricultural Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a novel energy-saving, heat-preservation and environment-friendly building sand material and a preparation method thereof. The material comprises cement, glazed hollow beads, fly ash, ground calcium carbonate, ash calcium, rubber powder, perlite, white wax, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose powder, wood fibers, PP (polypropylene) fibers, aluminum powder, flue gas desulfurization gypsum and the like. According to the novel energy-saving, heat-preservation and environment-friendly building sand material and the preparation method thereof, the average indoor temperature of a building employing the novel energy-saving, heat-preservation and environment-friendly building sand material prepared according to the formula is more than 5 DEG C lower than that of a building employing an ordinary material in summer, and is more than 3 DEG C higher than that of the building employing the ordinary material in winter, and the building sand material has heat insulation and accumulation functions; the building sand material is about 3/4 lighter than the ordinary material, so that the supporting capacity of a foundation of a high-rise building can be maximally reduced; in addition, the building sand material also has a good waterproof effect, a good fireproof effect, a good soundproof effect and the like, and is easy to construct and reusable, building waste can be avoided, and the aims of energy conservation and environmental friendliness can be better fulfilled.

Description

A kind of Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material and making method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of material of construction, particularly Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material and making method.
Background technology
The energy-conserving and environment-protective industry is one of strategic new industry of state key development, country will make Important Adjustment aspect the policies such as direction of industry, Investment Trend, expectation is at " 12 " end, estimate that national energy-conserving and environment-protective industrial investment demand can reach 4,500 hundred million yuan, the output value will reach more than 5,000,000,000,000, and material of construction is the large core of energy-conserving and environment-protective industry one, it is in occupation of the market share of 50% energy-conserving and environment-protective industry, and the energy-conserving and environment-protective building materials have very huge market outlook.
Under the advocating of country, many new buildings just stick the way of thermofin in the hope of reaching the heat insulation and preservation effect in room by interior exterior wall, pass through the lagging material prevention thermal radiation of exterior wall to transmitting within doors in hot summer, reduce the energy consumption of air-conditioning, the lagging material at cold winter by interior wall stops indoor comparatively high temps to outdoor transmission.At present, a lot of enterprises are for the requirement of the building energy conservation 65% that meets the state compulsion requirement, the modes of outer subsides styrofoam or polyurethane sheet that adopt are carried out the heat preservation energy-saving processing to building more, due to the characteristic of organic materials itself, there are a series of shortcomings such as work-ing life is short, secondary pollution is serious, fire line is poor, surface layer be full of cracks.
Summary of the invention
In order to address the above problem; the invention provides a kind of Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material and making method; by the improvement of formula for a product, take cement, glass bead and flyash as main raw, be aided with appropriate bonding and water-proof material; be mixed and made into this building sand material; without first making sheet material, during use, after only need putting into appropriate water and mixing; can whitewash on the interior exterior wall of building, easy and simple to handle.
The present invention is achieved by following technical solution.
A kind of Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is characterized in that: described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is by once filling a prescription and be mixed: cement 560-640 part, glass bead 460-540 part; flyash 160-240 part, coarse whiting 80-120 part, grey calcium 60-100 part; rubber powder 10-15 part; perlite 10-15 part, Chinese wax 8-12 part, Vltra tears 5-10 part; wood fibre 1-5 part; pp fiber 1-5 part, aluminium powder 1-5 part, desulfurated plaster 1-4 part.
For further obtaining the Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material that the stronger quality of hardness is lighter, described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is by once filling a prescription and be mixed: 560 parts of cement, 540 parts of glass beads; 160 parts, flyash, 80 parts of coarse whitings, 100 parts of grey calcium; 15 parts of rubber powders; 10 parts of perlites, 11 parts of Chinese wax, 5 parts of Vltra tearss; 5 parts of wood fibres; 1 part of pp fiber, 5 parts of aluminium powders, 1 part of desulfurated plaster.
For further obtaining the Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material that the stronger quality of hardness is lighter, described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is by once filling a prescription and be mixed: 640 parts of cement, 460 parts of glass beads; 240 parts, flyash, 120 parts of coarse whitings, 60 parts of grey calcium; 10 parts of rubber powders; 15 parts of perlites, 8 parts of Chinese wax, 10 parts of Vltra tearss; 1 part of wood fibre; 5 parts of pp fibers, 1 part of aluminium powder, 4 parts of desulfurated plasters.
For further obtaining the Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material that the stronger quality of hardness is lighter, described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is by once filling a prescription and be mixed: 600 parts of cement, 500 parts of glass beads; 200 parts, flyash, 100 parts of coarse whitings, 80 parts of grey calcium; 11 parts of rubber powders; 12 parts of perlites, 12 parts of Chinese wax, 7 parts of Vltra tearss; 3 parts of wood fibres; 3 parts of pp fibers, 3 parts of aluminium powders, 2 parts of desulfurated plasters.
In order to accelerate the rate of drying of Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material under natural climate normal temperature curing condition, described cement is the cement more than No. 425.
In order to strengthen the viscosity stability of Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material, described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material also comprises 0.6 part of carboxymethyl starch.
For further strengthening water-repellancy and the ageing resistance of Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material, also comprise 1 part of xylogen calcium sulfonate in described novel energy-storing energy-saving environmental-protection board.
Invention also provides a kind of making method of Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material, and above-mentioned materials is put into to the vacuum stirring boiler, slowly boiler is heated to 200-250 ℃ after constant temperature, be cooled to normal temperature after stirring 20min, take out pack and get final product.
The present invention's data by experiment explains energy saving and environmental protection effect:
1, experiment material: common building materials A, novel energy-saving environment-friendly building sand material B, novel energy-saving environment-friendly building sand material C, novel energy-saving environment-friendly building sand material D.Wherein:
The common building materials A is by cement 600kg, and river sand 600kg and grey calcium 200kg form.
Novel energy-saving environment-friendly building sand material B is by cement 560kg, glass bead 540kg, flyash 160kg; coarse whiting 80kg, grey calcium 100kg, rubber powder 15kg; perlite 10kg; Chinese wax 11kg, Vltra tears 5kg, wood fibre 5kg; pp fiber 1kg; aluminium powder 5kg, desulfurated plaster 1kg, carboxymethyl starch 0.6kg and xylogen calcium sulfonate 1kg form.
Novel energy-saving environment-friendly building sand material C is by cement 640kg, glass bead 460kg, flyash 240kg; coarse whiting 120kg, grey calcium 60kg, rubber powder 10kg; perlite 15kg; Chinese wax 8kg, Vltra tears 10kg, wood fibre 1kg; pp fiber 5kg; aluminium powder 1kg, 4kg, carboxymethyl starch 0.6kg and xylogen calcium sulfonate 1kg form.
Novel energy-saving environment-friendly building sand material D is by cement 600kg, glass bead 500kg, flyash 200kg; coarse whiting 100kg, grey calcium 80kg, rubber powder 11kg; perlite 12kg; Chinese wax 12kg, Vltra tears 7kg, wood fibre 3kg; pp fiber 3kg; aluminium powder 3kg, desulfurated plaster 2kg, carboxymethyl starch 0.6kg and xylogen calcium sulfonate 1kg form.
2, the performance of institute's test material:
The measuring chamber internal-external temperature difference: build the brick house of four 3m * 3m * 2m in spacious area, above-mentioned materials is whitewashed respectively to exterior wall and top in house, then measure the temperature of indoor and outdoor, and calculating temperature difference.Divide two seasons of summer in winter to measure, select to have the noon of burning sun summer, selects the noon of fine day winter.
Quality: above-mentioned materials is made to the rectangular parallelepiped of 20cm * 10cm * 5cm, weighed respectively, and the ratio of calculating and A.
3, test-results
Summer
Winter
Quality
By above testing data, show, the Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material that uses above-mentioned formula to make, lower more than 5 ℃ than common material in the average room temp in summer, winter, mean height had function heat insulation, accumulation of heat more than 3 ℃; Quality, than light 3/4 left and right of common material, can reduce the supporting power of tall building foundation to greatest extent.The present invention simultaneously also has beneficial effect: the good results such as waterproof, fire prevention, sound insulation, and also this building sand unit construction is simple, and reusable, avoided the generation building waste, more can reach the aim of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Embodiment
Further describe technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Embodiment mono-
A kind of Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material, by cement 560kg, glass bead 540kg; flyash 160kg, coarse whiting 80kg, grey calcium 100kg; rubber powder 15kg, perlite 10kg, Chinese wax 10kg; Vltra tears 5kg; wood fibre 5kg, pp fiber 1kg, aluminium powder 5kg; desulfurated plaster 1kg, carboxymethyl starch 0.6kg and xylogen calcium sulfonate 1kg form.Described cement is with more than No. 425.
Wherein adopt the building sand material of the energy-conserving and environment-protective that glass bead is the light thermal insulation aggregate, by a large amount of engineering application, not only on requiring, wall thermal insulating meets the relevant building energy-saving standard of country, and guaranteed the stability of quality product, overcome the quality unstable that two components or many components insulation sand material coordinate at the scene; The product cohesive strength is high simultaneously, and early strength improves fast, obviously is better than granular polystyrene; While absorbing heat thawing, low temperature when the effect of Chinese wax is high temperature, heat release is solidified, and has further played energy-conservation and effect energy-storage thermal-insulating.Compare with common perlitic insulation sand material, shortened secondary and plastered the time, improved operating efficiency; And water-retentivity and splitting resistance are good, on the body of wall of various base materials, do not need to water or interface processing, direct dry smearing on metope, not hollowing, do not ftracture, greatly improved operating efficiency and over-all properties, reduce engineering cost.
Perlite becomes a kind of lightweight, multifunctional novel shaped material through expansion.Have that apparent density is light, thermal conductivity is low, chemical stability is good, the use temperature scope is wide, wettability power is little, and the characteristics such as nontoxic, tasteless, fire prevention, sound-absorbing, be widely used in building material field.
Aluminium powder aluminium powder light weight, floating force is high, and strong covering power is all good to the reflecting properties of light and heat, the 60%-90% of energy reflect visible light, UV-light and infrared light, with the paint spraying object that contains aluminium powder, its surface silvery white light.
Desulfurated plaster not only has the pharmacological actions such as the plaster of paris is analgesic, alleviation cardiovascular disorder, and sloughs the sulphur composition, reduces the pollution potential to room air.
The mixing of flyash, coarse whiting and grey calcium is used, can guarantee weight and the rapid-drying properties of lightening material when material whitewashes hardness on the wall, Vltra tears, wood fibre, pp fiber, carboxymethyl starch and xylogen calcium sulfonate increase degree of adhesion and the hardness of material.
During making, above-mentioned materials is added in the vacuum stirring boiler, boiler slowly is warmed to 200-250 ℃, stir 20min, take out after cooling pack.
Embodiment bis-
For further obtaining the Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material that the stronger quality of hardness is lighter, in the component of this building sand material, improved, by cement 640kg; glass bead 460kg, flyash 240kg, coarse whiting 120kg; ash calcium 60kg, rubber powder 10kg, perlite 15kg; Chinese wax 8kg, Vltra tears 10kg, wood fibre 1kg; pp fiber 5kg; aluminium powder 1kg, 4kg, carboxymethyl starch 0.6kg and xylogen calcium sulfonate 1kg form.Other steps are with embodiment mono-.
Embodiment tri-
For further obtaining the Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material that the stronger quality of hardness is lighter, in the component of this building sand material, improved, by cement 600kg; glass bead 500kg, flyash 200kg, coarse whiting 100kg; ash calcium 80kg, rubber powder 11kg, perlite 12kg; Chinese wax 12kg, Vltra tears 7kg, wood fibre 3kg; pp fiber 3kg; aluminium powder 3kg, desulfurated plaster 2kg, carboxymethyl starch 0.6kg and xylogen calcium sulfonate 1kg form.Other steps are with embodiment mono-.
Above-described embodiment is only explanation technical conceive of the present invention and characteristics; its objective is to allow and be familiar with these those skilled in the art and can understand content of the present invention and implement according to this; can not limit the scope of the invention with this; all equivalents or modification that according to the present invention, spirit essence has been done, all should contain in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is characterized in that: described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is mixed by formula once: cement 560-640 part, glass bead 460-540 part; flyash 160-240 part, coarse whiting 80-120 part, grey calcium 60-100 part; rubber powder 10-15 part; perlite 10-15 part, Chinese wax 8-12 part, Vltra tears 5-10 part; wood fibre 1-5 part; pp fiber 1-5 part, aluminium powder 1-5 part, desulfurated plaster 1-4 part.
2. Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is mixed by formula once: 560 parts of cement, 540 parts of glass beads; 160 parts, flyash, 80 parts of coarse whitings, 100 parts of grey calcium; 15 parts of rubber powders; 10 parts of perlites, 11 parts of Chinese wax, 5 parts of Vltra tearss; 5 parts of wood fibres; 1 part of pp fiber, 5 parts of aluminium powders, 1 part of desulfurated plaster.
3. Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is mixed by formula once: 640 parts of cement, 460 parts of glass beads; 240 parts, flyash, 120 parts of coarse whitings, 60 parts of grey calcium; 10 parts of rubber powders; 15 parts of perlites, 8 parts of Chinese wax, 10 parts of Vltra tearss; 1 part of wood fibre; 5 parts of pp fibers, 1 part of aluminium powder, 4 parts of desulfurated plasters.
4. Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material is mixed by formula once: 600 parts of cement, 500 parts of glass beads; 200 parts, flyash, 100 parts of coarse whitings, 80 parts of grey calcium; 11 parts of rubber powders; 12 parts of perlites, 12 parts of Chinese wax, 7 parts of Vltra tearss; 3 parts of wood fibres; 3 parts of pp fibers, 3 parts of aluminium powders, 2 parts of desulfurated plasters.
5. Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cement is the cement more than No. 425.
6. as claim 1,2,3 or 4 described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand materials, it is characterized in that: described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material also comprises 0.6 part of carboxymethyl starch.
7. as claim 1,2,3 or 4 described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand materials, it is characterized in that: described Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material also comprises 1 part of xylogen calcium sulfonate.
8. the making method of a Novel energy saving thermal insulation environment protection architecture sand material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that above-mentioned materials is put into to the vacuum stirring boiler, constant temperature after slowly boiler being heated to 200-250 ℃, be cooled to normal temperature after stirring 20min, takes out pack and get final product.
CN201310421293.6A 2013-09-16 2013-09-16 Novel energy-saving, heat-preservation and environment-friendly building sand material and preparation method thereof Active CN103496893B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105967619A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-09-28 蚌埠华东石膏有限公司 Flame-retardant and antistatic insulation building gypsum powder and preparation method thereof
CN107337397A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-11-10 如皋长江科技产业有限公司 A kind of fireproof heat insulating wall covering
CN108840615A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-11-20 徐州和合新型建材有限公司 A kind of high-performance heat-insulating construction material

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1552659A (en) * 2003-12-19 2004-12-08 北京振利高新技术公司 Paraffin phase changed thermal mortar powder and preparing method thereof
JP2005307565A (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-11-04 Fuji Raito Kogyo Kk Building material
CN101139189A (en) * 2007-08-10 2008-03-12 陈忠平 Vitreous pearlite inorganic composite heat-insulating material and method for making same
CN103274640A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-09-04 普定县银丰农业科技发展有限公司 Novel energy-storage insulation environment-friendly panel

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1552659A (en) * 2003-12-19 2004-12-08 北京振利高新技术公司 Paraffin phase changed thermal mortar powder and preparing method thereof
JP2005307565A (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-11-04 Fuji Raito Kogyo Kk Building material
CN101139189A (en) * 2007-08-10 2008-03-12 陈忠平 Vitreous pearlite inorganic composite heat-insulating material and method for making same
CN103274640A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-09-04 普定县银丰农业科技发展有限公司 Novel energy-storage insulation environment-friendly panel

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105967619A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-09-28 蚌埠华东石膏有限公司 Flame-retardant and antistatic insulation building gypsum powder and preparation method thereof
CN107337397A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-11-10 如皋长江科技产业有限公司 A kind of fireproof heat insulating wall covering
CN108840615A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-11-20 徐州和合新型建材有限公司 A kind of high-performance heat-insulating construction material

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