CN103496567B - A kind of automatic charging device - Google Patents

A kind of automatic charging device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103496567B
CN103496567B CN201310489461.5A CN201310489461A CN103496567B CN 103496567 B CN103496567 B CN 103496567B CN 201310489461 A CN201310489461 A CN 201310489461A CN 103496567 B CN103496567 B CN 103496567B
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China
Prior art keywords
hopper
floor
layer transport
transport belt
automatic charging
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CN201310489461.5A
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CN103496567A (en
Inventor
曾庆龙
魏书云
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SHENZHEN SHENLI SEIKI TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHENZHEN SHENLI SEIKI TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention is applicable to automated machine field, provides a kind of automatic charging device, and it comprises a vibration feeding device, material conveying device, an automatic fetching device and a circulation feeding device.This vibration feeding device is used for carrying out vibration feeding to material, makes material can random vibration material loading.This material conveying device is for receiving the material from this vibration feeding device.This automatic fetching device is for taking away satisfactory for the posture on this material conveying device material.This material conveying device also for by undesirable for posture material transferring to this circulation feeding device.Undesirable for posture material is delivered in this vibration feeding device by this circulation feeding device again.Material is carried out random material loading by the mode of mechanical vibration by automatic charging device of the present invention, and undesirable for posture material is carried out vibration feeding again, therefore highly versatile, can adapt to multiple difform material.

Description

A kind of automatic charging device
Technical field
The invention belongs to automated machine field, particularly relate to a kind of automatic charging device.
Background technology
In order to effectively reduce labor cost, present factory generally can adopt machine automatic charging.But present machine automatic charging technology has a common shortcoming: poor universality, generally all can only adapt to a kind of material, rear most of mechanism changed by material all needs again to change.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of automatic charging device, is intended to highly versatile, can adapt to multiple difform material.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of automatic charging device, and it comprises a vibration feeding device, material conveying device, an automatic fetching device and a circulation feeding device.This vibration feeding device is used for carrying out vibration feeding to material, makes material can random vibration material loading.This material conveying device is for receiving the material from this vibration feeding device.This automatic fetching device is for taking away satisfactory for the posture on this material conveying device material.This material conveying device also for by undesirable for posture material transferring to this circulation feeding device.Undesirable for this posture material is delivered in this vibration feeding device by this circulation feeding device again.
The present invention compared with prior art, beneficial effect is: material is carried out random material loading by the mode of mechanical vibration by automatic charging device of the present invention, and undesirable for posture material is recycled, with vibration feeding again, therefore highly versatile, can adapt to multiple difform material.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the automatic charging device that the embodiment of the present invention provides.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another angle of the automatic charging device of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the vibration feeding device of the automatic charging device of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the lateral plan of the vibration feeding device of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the material conveying device of the automatic charging device of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the lateral plan of the material conveying device of Fig. 6.
Fig. 7 is the birds-eye view of the material conveying device of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the circulation feeding device of the automatic charging device of Fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is the lateral plan of the circulation feeding device of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is the lateral plan of another angle of the circulation feeding device of Fig. 8.
Figure 11 is the enlarged drawing at the XI place of the circulation feeding device of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the enlarged drawing at the XII place of the circulation feeding device of Figure 10.
Figure 13 is the birds-eye view of the circulation feeding device of Fig. 8.
Figure 14 is the enlarged drawing at the XIV place of the circulation feeding device of Figure 13.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1-2, a kind of automatic charging device 100 provided by the invention, it comprises a vibration feeding device 20, material conveying device 10, circulation feeding device 30, fixed base plate 40 and an automatic fetching device.This vibration feeding device 20, this material conveying device 10 and this circulation feeding device 30 are all arranged on this fixed base plate 40.
As shown in Figure 3-4, this vibration feeding device 20 comprises feeder hopper 23, hopper 24, linear vibrator 25, connecting panel 21, feeder hopper adapter plate 22 and support 26.
Material can enter in this hopper 24 from this feeder hopper 23.This linear vibrator 25 is fixedly connected with this hopper 24, for driving this hopper 24 to vibrate, make the material on this hopper 24 can auto arrangement directed and be uniformly distributed.The sidewall of this feeder hopper 23 has a breach 230.
This connecting panel 21 is for being fixedly connected with this linear vibrator 25 with this hopper 24.This feeder hopper adapter plate 22 is for being fixedly connected with this feeder hopper 23 with this support 26.
As illustrated in figs. 5-7, this material conveying device 10 comprises upper layer transport belt 151, lower floor's transmission belt 152, guide groove 11, motor 12, dust boot 13, two overhead gages 141, two lower baffle plates 142, four cylinders 16, two end support framves 171, two head end bracing frames 172, bottom aluminium section bar pole 181, middle part aluminium section bar pole 182 and aluminium section bar and founds pillar 183.
This upper layer transport belt 151 docks with this hopper 24, makes this upper layer transport belt 151 can receive material from this hopper 24.This lower floor's transmission belt 152 and this upper layer transport belt 151 arranged in parallel, and this lower floor's transmission belt 152 is arranged away from this hopper relative to this upper layer transport belt 151.This guide groove 11, for being communicated with this upper layer transport belt 151 and this lower floor's transmission belt 152, makes the material on this upper layer transport belt 151 can enter on this lower floor's transmission belt 152 from this guide groove 11.This motor 12 moves for driving this upper layer transport belt 151 and this lower floor's transmission belt 152.
This dust boot 13 is set on this motor 12, for preventing this motor 12 of contamination by dust, to ensure the normal operation of this motor 12.These two overhead gages 141 are positioned at the relative both sides of this upper layer transport belt 151, for preventing the material landing on this upper layer transport belt 151 along the sense of motion of this upper layer transport belt 151.These two lower baffle plates 142 are positioned at the relative both sides of this lower floor's transmission belt 152, for preventing the material landing on this lower floor's transmission belt 152 along the sense of motion of this lower floor's transmission belt 152.
This upper layer transport belt 151 and this lower floor's transmission belt 152 are closed ring-type.These four cylinders 16 lay respectively at the inner side of the inner side of the opposite end of this upper layer transport belt 151 and the opposite end of this lower floor's transmission belt 152, and these four cylinders 16 are all fixedly connected with this motor 12, and this upper layer transport belt 151 and this lower floor's transmission belt 152 can be driven under the driving of this motor 12 to move.
This material conveying device 10 comprises the head end and end that are oppositely arranged.These two head end bracing frames 172 are respectively used to support two cylinders 16 (one of them is the cylinder 16 of upper layer transport belt 151, and another is the cylinder 16 of lower floor's transmission belt 152) of the head end being positioned at this material conveying device 10.These two end support framves 171 are respectively used to support two cylinders 16 (one of them is the cylinder 16 of upper layer transport belt 151, and another is the cylinder 16 of lower floor's transmission belt 152) of the end being positioned at this material conveying device 10.Bottom this aluminium section bar pole 181 with this in the middle part of aluminium section bar pole 182 arranged in parallel, and all identical with the sense of motion of this upper layer transport belt 151 and this lower floor's transmission belt 152.Bottom this, aluminium section bar pole 181 is for connecting head end bracing frame 172 and the end support frame 171 of two cylinders 16 for supporting this lower floor's transmission belt 152, and in the middle part of this, aluminium section bar pole 182 is for connecting head end bracing frame 172 and the end support frame 171 of two cylinders 16 for supporting this upper layer transport belt 151.This aluminium section bar founds pillar 183 and to be arranged on bottom this aluminium section bar pole 181 and in the middle part of this between aluminium section bar pole 182, to make to keep at a certain distance away between this upper layer transport belt 151 and this lower floor's transmission belt 152.
As seen in figures 8-14, this circulation feeding device 30 comprises hopper 37, leverage 32, lifting mechanism 33, flow regulating valve 31, fixed support 34, first cylinder connecting panel 35, spring chain fishplate bar 36, L-type attaching parts 38, jump ring 39, little axle 40, second cylinder connecting panel 41, bearing seat 42, small front apron 43, turning cylinder 44, fixation side dress plate 45 and deep-groove ball ball bearing of main shaft 46.
This hopper 37 is positioned at the side at breach 230 place of this feeder hopper 23, and docks with this lower floor's transmission belt 152, for receiving the material from this lower floor's transmission belt 152.This bar linkage 32 carries out the action of batch turning for controlling this hopper 37.This lifting structure 33 is elevated for driving this hopper 37.
This hopper 37 fills plate 45, this first cylinder connecting panel 35 and this spring chain fishplate bar 36, to be connected with this lifting mechanism 33 by this deep-groove ball ball bearing of main shaft 46, this turning cylinder 44, this bearing seat 42, this fixation side; This hopper 37 is somebody's turn to do by this L-type attaching parts 38, this jump ring 39, this little axle 40 and this second cylinder connecting panel 41, to be connected with this leverage 32 simultaneously.This fixed support 34 is fixedly connected with this lifting mechanism 33.This small front apron 43 and this fixation side dress plate 45 are positioned at the relative both sides of this bearing seat 42.
Concrete, when material loaded onto by hopper 37, this hopper 37 keeps level under the effect of this leverage 32, and this lifting mechanism 33 traction under horizontal upward movement, when hopper 37 moves to top and this feeder hopper 23 breach anastomotic site, this leverage 32 controls this hopper 37 and does batch turning action, batch turning completes, this leverage 32 controls this hopper 37 and recovers level attitude, then this lifting mechanism 33 draws this hopper 37 level and moves downward, until concordant with the position of this lower floor's transmission belt 152.Iterative cycles like this, completes the action of circulation material loading.
As shown in Figure 1-2, this automatic fetching device comprises a material judgment means 61 and a manipulator (not shown).This material judgment means 61 is positioned at the top of this upper layer transport belt, for judging that the posture of which material on this upper layer transport belt meets the requirements.This manipulator is electrically connected with this material judgment means 61, for being taken away by satisfactory for posture material.In the present embodiment, this material judgment means 61 comprises a CIS, than charge coupled cell (Charge-coupledDevice, CCD).
The working process of this automatic charging device 100 is as follows: first material is positioned in hopper 37 by staff, and hopper 37 rises and poured into by material in this feeder hopper 23, and under slide in this hopper 24, then this hopper 37 decline reset; Under the effect of this linear vibrator 25, this material moves from high to low along this hopper 24, and by the mode of mechanical vibration, material is carried out random material loading, material is uniformly distributed and is smooth and easyly transferred on this upper layer transport belt 151; The posture of this material judgment means 61 to the material be positioned on this upper strata travelling belt 151 judges, then by manipulator, satisfactory for posture material is taken away, and the undesirable material of posture can be transported on this lower floor's transmission belt 152, this lower floor's transmission belt 152 can mass transport in this hopper 37, then this lifting mechanism 33 drives the rising of this hopper 37 to dock with this feeder hopper 23, and draw this hopper 37 by this leverage 32 and complete batch turning action, thus realize circulation material loading.
Compared with prior art, material is carried out random material loading by the mode of mechanical vibration by automatic charging device of the present invention, and is recycled by undesirable for posture material, again to carry out vibration feeding, therefore highly versatile, can adapt to multiple difform material.Prove through test of many times: this automatic charging device the material scope that is suitable for as follows: weight of material: 0-50 gram, material upperlimit: be less than 80mm, material material requires: can be plastics, rubber, metal, wood, glass or other non liquid materials, non-food class part; Material shape requirement: can be long, side, flat, sheet and cylindrical; But aspect ratio is less than 5, and outside can not have stitch etc. easily because colliding the structure deformed; 2 faces are had at least to be planes of can standing.Meanwhile, the circulation of this automatic charging device collection, vibration feeding, uniform product material, judges that product posture, position functions are in one, improve production efficiency, improve product design, reduce productive costs, more effectively reduce labor intensity.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. an automatic charging device, it comprises a vibration feeding device, material conveying device, an automatic fetching device and a circulation feeding device, and this vibration feeding device is used for carrying out vibration feeding to material, makes material can random vibration material loading; This material conveying device is for receiving the material from this vibration feeding device; This automatic fetching device is for taking away satisfactory for the posture on this material conveying device material; This material conveying device also for by undesirable for posture material transferring to this circulation feeding device; This circulation feeding device comprises hopper, leverage, lifting mechanism, this hopper docks with this material conveying device, for receiving from the undesirable material of this material conveying device posture, this leverage carries out the action of batch turning for controlling this hopper, this lifting mechanism is elevated for driving this hopper, is again delivered in this vibration feeding device by undesirable for this posture material.
2. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, this vibration feeding device comprises a feeder hopper, a hopper and a linear vibrator, and material enters in this hopper from this feeder hopper, this linear vibrator is fixedly connected with this hopper, vibrates for driving this hopper.
3. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, this material conveying device comprises a upper layer transport belt, lower floor's transmission belt, a guide groove and a motor, this upper layer transport belt docks with this hopper, make this upper layer transport belt can receive material from this hopper, this guide groove is for being communicated with this upper layer transport belt and this lower floor's transmission belt, make the material on this upper layer transport belt can enter on this lower floor's transmission belt from this guide groove, this motor moves for driving this upper layer transport belt and this lower floor's transmission belt.
4. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, this lower floor's transmission belt and this upper layer transport belt arranged in parallel, and this lower floor's transmission belt is arranged away from this hopper relative to this upper layer transport belt.
5. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, this material conveying device also comprises two overhead gages and two lower baffle plates, these two overhead gages are positioned at the relative both sides of this upper layer transport belt, for preventing the material landing on this upper layer transport belt along the sense of motion of this upper layer transport belt; These two lower baffle plates are positioned at the relative both sides of this lower floor's transmission belt, for preventing the material landing on this lower floor's transmission belt along the sense of motion of this lower floor's transmission belt.
6. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, this material conveying device also comprises four cylinders, this upper layer transport belt and this lower floor's transmission belt are closed ring-type, these four cylinders lay respectively at the inner side of the inner side of the opposite end of this upper layer transport belt and the opposite end of this lower floor's transmission belt, and these four cylinders are all fixedly connected with this motor, and this upper layer transport belt and this lower floor's transmission belt can be driven under the driving of this motor to move.
7. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, this hopper docks with this lower floor's transmission belt.
8. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, this circulation feeding device also comprises flow regulating valve, fixed support, first cylinder connecting panel, spring chain fishplate bar, L-type attaching parts, jump ring, little axle, second cylinder connecting panel, bearing seat, small front apron, turning cylinder, fixation side dress plate and deep-groove ball ball bearing of main shaft, this hopper is by this deep-groove ball ball bearing of main shaft, this turning cylinder, this bearing seat, this fixation side dress plate, this the first cylinder connecting panel and this spring chain fishplate bar are connected with this lifting mechanism, this hopper is by this L-type attaching parts simultaneously, this jump ring, this little axle and this second cylinder connecting panel are connected with this leverage, this fixed support is fixedly connected with this lifting mechanism, this small front apron and this fixation side dress plate are positioned at the relative both sides of this bearing seat.
9. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the sidewall of this feeder hopper has a breach, and this hopper is positioned at the side at this breach place, and this leverage and this lifting mechanism control this hopper and poured in this feeder hopper from this breach by material.
10. automatic charging device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, this automatic fetching device comprises a material judgment means and a manipulator, this material judgment means is positioned at the top of this upper layer transport belt, for judging that the posture of which material on this upper layer transport belt meets the requirements; This manipulator is electrically connected with this material judgment means, for being taken away by satisfactory for posture material.
11. automatic charging devices as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that, this material judgment means comprises a CIS.
CN201310489461.5A 2013-10-18 2013-10-18 A kind of automatic charging device Active CN103496567B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104555352B (en) * 2013-10-21 2017-04-12 泰科电子(上海)有限公司 Automatic feed system
AT516798A1 (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-15 Stiwa Holding Gmbh Components providing device
CN106494851B (en) * 2016-12-26 2018-09-18 成都海科工控设备有限公司 It is a kind of the opposite sex platy part sorting feeding machine and sorting method of feeding
CN109230389B (en) * 2018-07-09 2019-11-12 东南大学 Multichannel combined type straight-line oscillation Transmission system

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EP0937667A2 (en) * 1998-02-19 1999-08-25 Eastman Kodak Company Method and apparatus to uniformly distribute bulk conveyed parts for inspection by a camera
CN1436706A (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-08-20 Ykk株式会社 Parts arrangement and conveying equipment
CN1603217A (en) * 2003-10-01 2005-04-06 Ykk株式会社 Feed appliances and parts conveyer equipment
CN1749135A (en) * 2004-09-16 2006-03-22 发那科株式会社 Handling robot system
CN101077742A (en) * 2007-06-27 2007-11-28 江苏大学 Device capable of high speed arranging ellipsoid shaped material orderly each particle
CN201231972Y (en) * 2008-03-31 2009-05-06 上海振好机械有限公司 Automatic quantitative feeder
CN201494921U (en) * 2009-06-05 2010-06-02 深圳市新益昌自动化设备有限公司 Object-feeding system
CN102020107A (en) * 2009-09-18 2011-04-20 加特可株式会社 Component supply device
CN202575350U (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-12-05 深圳市岑科实业有限公司 Feeding mechanism
CN202967458U (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-06-05 马新全 Automatic screw feed machine

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2241328Y (en) * 1995-11-07 1996-11-27 国家建材局科技开发服务中心山东临朐建材电子设备厂 Double belt electronic speed-adjusting weigher
EP0937667A2 (en) * 1998-02-19 1999-08-25 Eastman Kodak Company Method and apparatus to uniformly distribute bulk conveyed parts for inspection by a camera
CN1436706A (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-08-20 Ykk株式会社 Parts arrangement and conveying equipment
CN1603217A (en) * 2003-10-01 2005-04-06 Ykk株式会社 Feed appliances and parts conveyer equipment
CN1749135A (en) * 2004-09-16 2006-03-22 发那科株式会社 Handling robot system
CN101077742A (en) * 2007-06-27 2007-11-28 江苏大学 Device capable of high speed arranging ellipsoid shaped material orderly each particle
CN201231972Y (en) * 2008-03-31 2009-05-06 上海振好机械有限公司 Automatic quantitative feeder
CN201494921U (en) * 2009-06-05 2010-06-02 深圳市新益昌自动化设备有限公司 Object-feeding system
CN102020107A (en) * 2009-09-18 2011-04-20 加特可株式会社 Component supply device
CN202575350U (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-12-05 深圳市岑科实业有限公司 Feeding mechanism
CN202967458U (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-06-05 马新全 Automatic screw feed machine

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