CN103494700B - A neurological surgical operating table - Google Patents

A neurological surgical operating table Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103494700B
CN103494700B CN201310512997.4A CN201310512997A CN103494700B CN 103494700 B CN103494700 B CN 103494700B CN 201310512997 A CN201310512997 A CN 201310512997A CN 103494700 B CN103494700 B CN 103494700B
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support plate
support
provided
plate
fixed
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CN201310512997.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103494700A (en
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张秀华
盖春莲
宋晓峰
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张秀华
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Abstract

本发明提供了一种神经外科手术床,属于机械技术领域。 The present invention provides a neurosurgical operating table, the field of mechanics. 它解决了现有手术床舒适度差、对患者存在安全隐患等技术问题。 It solves the existing operating table comfort is poor, there are security risks for the patient and other technical issues. 一种神经外科手术床,手术床包括一底座,底座上设有躯体支撑平台、腿部支撑平台、头部支撑平台和手臂支撑平台;躯体支撑平台包括相铰接的支撑板一和支撑板二,支撑板一的端部设有一个用于将患者躯体固定在支撑板一上的固定结构;腿部支撑平台包括一与支撑板二固连得支撑板三和与支撑板三铰接的支撑板四,支撑板三和支撑板四之间还设有一个控制支撑板四相对支撑板三摆动的传动机构一;固定块与支撑板五之间设有一个控制支撑板五竖直方向上运动的传动机构二。 A neurological surgical operation bed, operation bed comprising a base, the base body is provided with a support platform, the leg support platform, the platform and the head support arm supports internet; articulated body support platform comprises a support plate and a support plate II. the end portion of the support plate is provided with a structure for fixing a patient's body is fixed on a support plate; a leg support platform comprises a supporting plate fixed scored two and three support plate and the support plate a support plate articulated four three the support plate and the support plate is also provided with three transmission control means eleven four support plate relative to the support plate pivotable between three four; provided on a motion control drive support plate in the vertical direction between five and five fixed block and the support plate institutions II. 本发明具有舒适性好、安全性高等优点。 The present invention has good comfort, safety and other advantages. <pb pnum="1" /> <Pb pnum = "1" />

Description

一种神经外科手术床 A neurological surgical operating table

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于机械技术领域,涉及一种神经外科手术床。 [0001] TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention belongs, to a neurosurgical operation bed.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 神经外科手术包括头皮肿物切除、颅骨骨折整复、颅骨肿瘤切除及颅骨缺损修补、硬膜外及硬膜下血肿、脓肿清、颞肌下减压等手术,作为神经外科手术中必不可少的医疗器械,手术床对手术起到非常重要的作用。 [0002] neurosurgical tumor resection, including the scalp, skull fracture restoration, skull and skull defect repair tumor resection, epidural and subdural hematoma, abscess clear, temporalis muscle under reduced pressure, such as surgery, as neurosurgery essential medical equipment, surgical operating table to play a very important role.

[0003] 有时候,患者在手术床上一呆就是好几个小时,长时间被固定在手术床上,对原本处于痛楚中的患者而言是非常难受的,手术床如果不能给患者提供较好的舒适性,那将对手术的顺利进行和患者的康复都有较大的影响,再者,有些需要做神经外科手术的患者精神上存在异常,加之长时间的手术,可能导致情绪不稳定等,对患者的安全造成较大的隐串 [0003] In some cases, patients in the surgical bed stay for several hours, for a long time to be fixed in surgical bed, had been in pain for the patient is very uncomfortable, operating table if they can not provide better comfort to patients of patients, it will be smooth and rehabilitation surgery patients have a greater impact. Furthermore, some need to do neurosurgery mentally abnormal, coupled with prolonged surgery, can lead to mood swings and so on, patient safety caused by greater saphenous string

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[0004] 传统的手术床对于患者的固定方式一般为捆绑式,患者的肢体不能在手术床上活动,患者的血液流通受影响,影响患者的舒适性,而且对患者的安全造成极大的隐患。 [0004] The traditional operating table for fixation is generally bundled patient, the patient's limb can not move in the surgical bed, the patient's blood circulation is affected, affect patient comfort, but also cause great risk to patient safety.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的是针对现有的技术存在的上述问题,提供一种神经外科手术床,本发明所要解决的技术问题是如何提高患者的舒适性和安全性。 [0005] The present invention is directed to the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, providing a neurosurgical operating table, the present invention is to solve the technical problem of how to improve the comfort and safety of patients.

[0006] 本发明的目的可通过下列技术方案来实现:一种神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述手术床包括一底座,所述底座上设有躯体支撑平台、腿部支撑平台、头部支撑平台和手臂支撑平台;所述躯体支撑平台包括相铰接的支撑板一和支撑板二,所述支撑板一的端部设有一个用于将患者躯体固定在支撑板一上的固定结构;所述腿部支撑平台包括一与支撑板二固连的支撑板三和与支撑板三铰接的支撑板四,所述支撑板四的端部固设有一底板,所述支撑板三、支撑板四和底板上均设有魔术贴,所述支撑板三和支撑板四之间还设有一个控制支撑板四相对支撑板三摆动的传动机构一;所述头部支撑平台包括一个支撑板五,所述支撑板五与支撑板一之间通过一个固定块相连,所述固定块与支撑板五之间设有一个控制支撑板五竖直方向上运动的传动机构二;所述 [0006] The object of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions: A neurosurgical operating table, characterized in that the operating table comprises a base, a support platform provided on the base body, the leg support platform head support platform portion and arm support platform; said articulated body support platform comprises a support plate and two support plates, one end of the support plate is provided with a fixing structure for fixing the patient's body on a support plate ; said leg support platform comprises a support plate with two support plates fixedly connected with the support plate and three three four articulated support plate, the support plate is provided with four fixing a base end portion of the support plate three supporting four upper plate and the bottom plate are provided with Velcro, the support plate and the support plate is also provided with three controlling a support plate relative to the support plate three four swing drive mechanism between a four; the head support platform comprises a support plate five, five of the support plate and the support plate are connected by a between a fixed block, the motion transmission mechanism provided with a control five vertical support plate between two of the five fixed block and the support plate; the 臂支撑平台包括两个分别位于支撑板一两侧的托板;所述固定结构包括两个分别位于固定块两侧的固定板,所述固定板与一个摆臂相连,所述摆臂的一端与所述固定板固连,另一端插设在所述支撑板一内,且插设在支撑块一内的一端还固设有一齿条,所述摆臂呈圆弧状,所述支撑板一内设有一传动轴,所述传动轴的两端分别设有一齿轮一,所述齿轮一与所述齿条嗤合,所述支撑板一内还设有一电机一,所述电机一的输出轴与传动轴之间通过一皮带相连;所述传动机构一包括一个电机二,所述支撑板三和支撑板四之间通过一个固定轴相铰接,所述固定轴与所述支撑板四固连,所述固定轴上设有齿轮二,所述电机二的壳体与所述支撑板三固连,且电机二的输出轴上固设有一齿轮三,所述齿轮三与所述齿轮二啮合,所述齿轮二为中空结构,且齿轮二的空 Platform comprises two supporting arms are located on both sides of the pallet a support plate; a fixed structure comprises two fixing plates are located on both sides of the fixing block, with the fixing plate attached to a swing arm, one end of the swing arm the fixing plate is fixedly connected with the other end inserted in a said support plate and a support interposed between an end of the block is also provided with a fixed rack, the arc-shaped arm, the support plate one equipped with a transmission shaft of a gear are provided at both ends of a said gear engaged with said rack laugh, the support plate also provided with a motor within a a, a of the motor output between the shaft and the drive shaft are connected by a belt; the drive means comprises a motor a two, three of the support plate and the support plate between a stationary shaft by four hinged with the fixed shaft fixed to the support plate four even, the fixed shaft is provided with two gears, two of the motor housing and the support plate fixedly connected to three, and two of the output shaft of the motor is provided with a solid three gears, the gear and the gear two three engaging the gear two hollow structure, and two gear blank 腔内均匀设置有若干挡板一,所述固定轴的外壁上均匀设置有与所述挡板---对应的挡板二,所述固定轴插设在所述齿轮二的空腔内,每个挡板一和挡板二之间均设有一压簧,所述压簧的两端分别于对应的挡板一和挡板二固连。 Cavity baffle uniformly provided with a plurality of external wall of the fixed shaft is provided with a uniform --- corresponding to the shutter two baffles, the fixed shaft is inserted in the cavity of the two gears, each baffle has a baffle plate and a compression spring between the two, both ends of the spring respectively corresponding to two shutter and a baffle secured.

[0007] 本发明的工作原理是:患者平躺在手术床上,躯体支撑平台、腿部支撑平台、头部支撑平台和手臂支撑平台分别对于患者的躯干、腿部、头部和手臂,躯干部位可以弯折,腿部可以弯折,头部位置可以调节,以便调节到患者较为舒适的姿态,患者的腿部通过魔术贴固定在支撑板三和支撑板四上;固定板从患者的肩膀下方摆动至患者的肩部,将患者躯体部位固定,取消了传统手术床固定患者胸部、腹部等模式,防止患者的正常呼吸、人体机能正常运转受到影响,提高患者的舒适性和安全性;腿部支撑平台上的传动机构一包含有一个缓冲结构,即由挡板一、挡板二和压簧组成,患者的腿部在被魔术贴固定后,膝盖关节对应的支撑板三和支撑板四的铰接处还存在一定的自由转动量,患者施加适当的力气即可压缩压簧,实现膝盖关节的运动,使患者腿 [0007] The working principle of the present invention is: a patient lying in the surgical bed, the body support platform, the leg support platform, the platform and the head support arm supports the platform with respect to each patient's torso, legs, head and arms, torso can be bent can be bent legs, head position may be adjusted in order to adjust the posture more comfortable to the patient, the patient's leg by Velcro fixed on the support plate and a support plate four three; fixing plate from under the patient's shoulders swing to the patient's shoulder, the fixed part of the patient's body, eliminating the conventional fixed operating table the patient's chest, abdomen and other models, to prevent the patient's normal breathing, body functions are affected normal operation, improve the comfort and safety of the patient; leg the transmission mechanism comprises a support platform a buffer structure, that is, from a baffle, a baffle consisting of two and a compression spring, the legs of the patient after being Velcro, knee joints three corresponding support plate and the support plate IV the hinge there is a certain amount of free rotation, application of an appropriate compression spring to patient effort, effect movement of the knee joint, so that the patient's legs 血液顺畅,提高舒适性和安全性。 Blood smooth, improve comfort and security.

[0008] 在上述的一种神经外科手术床中,所述传动机构二包括开设在所述支撑板五侧端的滑槽,所述固定块上设有与所述滑槽配合的滑轨,所述支撑板五的下端固设有一楔块,所述楔块的斜面朝下,且所述楔块的斜面上开设有导槽,所述传动机构二还包括一个固设在支撑板一上的气缸一,所述气缸一的活塞杆上设有一个能够自由转动的导轮,所述导轮插设在所述导槽内。 [0008] In the neural surgical operating table, the transmission mechanism comprises two five chute opening side end of said support plate, said fixing block is provided on the sliding rail cooperating with, the said lower support plate is provided with a fixed five wedge, said wedge ramp down, and the guide groove defines a ramp on the wedge, the transmission means comprises a further two fixed on a supporting plate a cylinder, provided with a freely rotatable guide wheel on a piston rod of the cylinder, the guide wheel is interposed in said guide groove. 气缸一推动楔块上移,可以调节支撑板五的位置,大部分神经外科手术都是针对患者头部进行的,对者头部的位置进行调节是非常有必要的。 A wedge pushing the shift cylinder, the position of the support plate can be adjusted to five, most of neurosurgery are directed against the patient's head, the position of the head of the adjustment is necessary.

[0009] 在上述的一种神经外科手术床中,所述支撑板五的两侧还分别设有一个夹板,所述夹板与一个设置在支撑板一的底部的夹臂固连,所述夹臂的端部固设有一铰头,所述铰头铰接在所述支撑板一的底部,且所述铰头与所述支撑板一之间紧配合。 [0009] In the neural surgical operating table, the support plate further respectively provided on both sides of a five splint, the splint is provided with a gripping arm of a base plate fixedly connected to the support, said clip solid arm end portion is provided with a first hinge, said hinge pivotally mounted to said head support a bottom plate, and a tight fit between the hinge head and the support plate a. 在需要对患者头部的后端进行手术时,将手术床调整至坐立的姿态,将支撑板五下调至远离患者头部,然后扳动两块夹板将患者夹于患者头部的两侧即可。 When the rear end of the patient's head needs to surgery, the operating table is adjusted to the sitting posture, the support plate away from the patient's head down to five, and then pulling the two clamp sandwiching the patient's head on both sides of the patient It can be.

[0010] 在上述的一种神经外科手术床中,所述底座内设有一电机三,所述电机三的输出轴上固设有一嵌入块,所述底座的上方还设有一转盘,所述嵌入块嵌入所述转盘内且与所述转盘固定,所述转盘的上方设有若干气缸二,所述气缸二的活塞杆与所述支撑板一铰接,所述转盘上还设有若干支撑柱,所述支撑柱与所述支撑板二铰接。 [0010] In the neural surgical operating table, the base features a three motor, the motor output shaft is provided with a three solid inserts, is also provided above the base of a turntable, said insert embedded within the block is fixed to the turntable and the turntable, the turntable has a plurality of upper two cylinders of the two cylinder piston rod and the support plate a hinge is also provided with a plurality of support posts on the turntable, the support column and the support plate two hinge. 电机三控制手术床的躯体支撑平台的旋转,气缸二控制支撑板一相对支撑板二摆动。 Third control operation bed body rotation motor support platform, a support plate cylinder relative to a second control two swing supporting plate.

[0011] 在上述的一种神经外科手术床中,所述夹臂为万向弯管。 [0011] In the neural surgical operating table, the clamp arm is a universal elbow. 该夹臂的结构为金属弹簧制成的万向弯管,在一定的外力作用下能够随意弯折,以便更好的固定患者的头部。 The head gimbal elbow clamp arm spring is made of a metal structure, at a certain external force can be freely bent so as to better fixation of the patient.

[0012] 在上述的一种神经外科手术床中,所述托板用多块型板铰接而成,且所述托板能够向所述托板的上方弯折。 [0012] In the neural surgical operating table, the pallet hinge plate formed with a plurality, and the pallet can be bent over the pallet. 托板上也可以设置固定患者手臂的绷带等,由于托板能够向上方弯折一定的幅度,患者手臂固定后能够有一定的自由活动的余量,避免患者手臂血液不畅而疲劳或受伤。 The pallet can also set the patient's arm bandages and other fixed, because the pallets can bend a certain range upward, the arm of the patient to have fixed a certain margin of freedom of movement, to avoid arm fatigue in patients with poor blood or injury.

[0013] 在上述的一种神经外科手术床中,所述躯体支撑平台、腿部支撑平台、头部支撑平台、手臂支撑平台和夹板上均包裹有皮革层。 [0013] In the above a neurosurgical operation bed, the body support platform, the leg support platform, the head support platform, and the platform support arms are wrapped with leather layer plywood.

[0014] 在上述的一种神经外科手术床中,所述底座内设控制单元,所述电机一、电机二、电机三、气缸一和气缸二均与所述控制单元相联。 [0014] In the neural surgical operating table, the base site control unit, a motor of the motor two, three motor, a cylinder, and two cylinders are associated with the control unit. 控制单元统一对电机一、电机二、电机三、气缸一和气缸二进行控制,达到协同和智能的效果。 A unified control unit motor, two motors, three motors, two cylinders and a cylinder control, and intelligent achieve synergistic effects.

[0015] 与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下优点: [0015] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0016] 1、固定板从患者的肩膀下方摆动至患者的肩部,将患者躯体部位固定,取消了传统手术床固定患者胸部、腹部等模式,防止患者的正常呼吸、人体机能正常运转受到影响,提高患者的舒适性和安全性。 [0016] 1, the swing plate is fixed from below to the patient's shoulder and the shoulder of the patient, the patient's body parts is fixed, eliminating the conventional fixed operating table the patient's chest, abdomen mode, to prevent the patient's normal breathing, the normal operation function of the body affected to improve the comfort and safety of patients.

[0017] 2、腿部支撑平台上的传动机构一包含有一个缓冲结构,即由挡板一、挡板二和压簧组成,患者的腿部在被魔术贴固定后,膝盖关节对应的支撑板三和支撑板四的铰接处还存在一定的自由转动量,患者施加适当的力气即可压缩压簧,实现膝盖关节的运动,使患者腿部血液顺畅,提高舒适性和安全性。 [0017] 2, the drive mechanism comprising a leg support platform has a buffer structure, that is, from a baffle, a baffle consisting of two and a compression spring, the legs of the patient after being Velcro, corresponding to the knee joint is supported at three hinge plate and the support plate there is a certain four free rotation amount, application of an appropriate compression spring to patient effort, effect movement of the knee joint, so that the patient's leg blood smoothly, improving comfort and safety.

[0018] 3、托板上也可以设置固定患者手臂的绷带等,由于托板能够向上方弯折一定的幅度,患者手臂固定后能够有一定的自由活动的余量,避免患者手臂血液不畅而疲劳或受伤。 [0018] 3, the pallet may be provided on a fixed arm of the patient and the like bandage, since the pallet can be bent to a certain range upward, the arm of the patient is fixed to have a certain margin of freedom of movement, to avoid poor blood arm of the patient fatigue or injury.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图1是本手术床的整体结构示意图。 [0019] FIG. 1 is an overall schematic structural view of the operating table.

[0020] 图2是本手术床的底座的结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the base according to the operating table.

[0021] 图3是本手术床中传动机构一的结构示意图。 [0021] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a transmission mechanism according to the operating table.

[0022] 图4是本手术床中夹板的结构示意图。 [0022] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the operating table in the present splint.

[0023] 图5是本手术床中传动机构二的爆炸图。 [0023] FIG. 5 is an operating table in an exploded view of the transmission mechanism II.

[0024] 图6是本手术床中固定结构的立体结构示意图。 [0024] FIG. 6 is a perspective schematic view of the structure of the operating table in the fixed structure.

[0025] 图中,1、躯体支撑平台;11、支撑板一;12、支撑板二;2、固定结构;21、固定板;22、摆臂;23、传动轴;24、齿条;25、齿轮一;26、电机一;27、皮带;3、腿部支撑平台;31、支撑板三;32、底板;33、魔术贴;34、支撑板四;4、传动机构一;41、电机二;42、齿轮二;43、齿轮三;44、固定轴;45、挡板一;46、挡板二;47、压簧;5、头部支撑平台;51、气缸一;52、支撑板五;53、固定块;6、传动机构二;61、滑槽;62、滑轨;63、楔块;64、导轮;65、导槽;66、铰头;67、夹臂;68、夹板;7、手臂支撑平台;71、托板;81、气缸二;82、支撑柱;83、底座;84、转盘;85、电机三;86、嵌入块。 [0025] FIG, 1, the body support platform; 11, a support plate; 12, two supporting plate; 2, the fixed structure; 21, a fixing plate; 22, swing arm; 23, a propeller shaft; 24, rack; 25 , a gear; 26, a motor; 27, belts; 3, the leg support platform; 31, three support plate; 32, the bottom plate; 33, Velcro; 4, a transmission mechanism;; four 34, the support plate 41, the motor II; 42 gear II; 43, three gear; 44, fixed shaft; 45, a shutter; 46, two baffles; 47, compression spring; 5, a head support platform; 51, a cylinder; 52, the support plate five; 53, fixing block; 6, two gear; 61, chute; 62, slide; 63, wedge; 64, guide wheel; 65, guide grooves; 66, hinge head; 67, clamp arm; 68, plywood; 7, the arm support platform; 71, pallets; 81, two cylinders; 82, support column; 83, a base; 84, turntable; 85, three motors; 86, inserts.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0026] 以下是本发明的具体实施例并结合附图,对本发明的技术方案作进一步的描述,但本发明并不限于这些实施例。 [0026] The following are examples of specific embodiments of the present invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of the present invention will be further described, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

[0027] 如图1、图3和图6所示,一种神经外科手术床,手术床包括一底座83,底座83上设有躯体支撑平台1、腿部支撑平台3、头部支撑平台5和手臂支撑平台7 ;躯体支撑平台I包括相铰接的支撑板一11和支撑板二12,支撑板一11的端部设有一个用于将患者躯体固定在支撑板一11上的固定结构2 ;腿部支撑平台3包括一与支撑板二12固连的支撑板三 [0027] FIG. 1, shown in a neurosurgical operation bed, operating table comprising a base 83, the base 83 is provided with a body support platform, the leg support platform 3, the head support platform 65 in FIG. 3 and FIG. 7 and arm support platform; end of the body portion I comprises a support platform articulated to a support plate 11 and two support plates 12, a supporting plate 11 is provided with a fixing structure for fixing the patient's body on the support plate 11 of a 2 ; platform 3 comprises two leg supports 12 secured to the support plate a support plate three

31和与支撑板三31铰接的支撑板四34,支撑板四34的端部固设有一底板32,支撑板三31、支撑板四34和底板32上均设有魔术贴33,支撑板三31和支撑板四34之间还设有一个控制支撑板四34相对支撑板三31摆动的传动机构一4 ;头部支撑平台5包括一个支撑板五52,支撑板五52与支撑板一11之间通过一个固定块53相连,固定块53与支撑板五52之间设有一个控制支撑板五52竖直方向上运动的传动机构二6 ;手臂支撑平台7包括两个分别位于支撑板一11两侧的托板71 ;固定结构2包括两个分别位于固定块53两侧的固定板21,固定板21与一个摆臂22相连,摆臂22的一端与固定板21固连,另一端插设在支撑板一内,且插设在支撑块一内的一端还固设有一齿条24,摆臂22呈圆弧状,支撑板一11内设有一传动轴23,传动轴23的两端分别设有一齿轮一25,齿轮一25与齿条24嗤合,支撑板一 11内还设有 Three hinge 31 and the support plate 31 and four support plates 34, the ends of four supporting plate 34 is provided with a solid base plate 32, the support plate 31 three, four support plates 34 and 32 are provided on the bottom plate Velcro 33, three support plate and a support plate 31 is also provided with a gear 34 between the four control four support plates 34 pivot relative to the support plate 31 a three-4; a head support platform 5 comprises five supporting plate 52, the support plate 52 and the support plate a five 11 between a fixed block 53 is connected via, control is provided a support plate 52 on the fifth vertical movement drive mechanism 6 between five and two fixed block 52 and the support plate 53; arm supporting platform 7 comprises two support plates are located in a 11 on both sides of the pallet 71; fixing structure 2 comprises two fixing plates 53 are located on both sides of the fixed block 21, and a fixing plate 21 is connected to arm 22, one end of the swing arm 22 and the fixed plate 21 fixedly connected to the other end One end is inserted in a support plate, and is inserted in a support block is further provided with a rack 24 fixed, arcuate arm 22, a support plate 11 equipped with a drive shaft 23, the shaft 23 two terminals are provided with a gear 25 a, a gear 25 is also provided with an inner laugh engagement with the rack 24, a supporting plate 11 电机一26,电机一26的输出轴与传动轴23之间通过一皮带27相连•'传动机构一4包括一个电机二41,支撑板三31和支撑板四34之间通过一个固定轴44相铰接,固定轴44与支撑板四34固连,固定轴44上设有齿轮二42,电机二41的壳体与支撑板三31固连,且电机二41的输出轴上固设有一齿轮三43,齿轮三43与齿轮二42啮合,齿轮二 42为中空结构,且齿轮二42的空腔内均匀设置有若干挡板一45,固定轴44的外壁上均匀设置有与挡板一45——对应的挡板二46,固定轴44插设在齿轮二42的空腔内,每个挡板一45和挡板二46之间均设有一压簧47,压簧47的两端分别于对应的挡板一45和挡板二46固连。 A motor 26, a motor between the output shaft 26 of the drive shaft 23 through a belt 27 a two 4 comprises a motor 41 through a fixing shaft 44 is connected to between four and 34 • 'three gear support plate 31 and the support plate four hinge 34 is secured, the support plate 44 and the fixed shaft, the fixed shaft 44 is provided with two gears 42, two motor housing 41 and the support plate 31 is fixedly connected to three, the output shaft of the motor and two gears 41 is provided with a solid three 43, 43 and the three gears 42 meshed two gears, two gears 42 has a hollow structure, and the gear cavity 42 is uniformly provided with two baffles 45 a, the outer wall of the fixed shaft 44 is provided with a uniform and a baffle 45- - corresponding to two shutter 46, the fixed shaft 44 is inserted within the cavity 42 of the two gears, each baffle has a compression spring 47 between the two baffles 46 and 45 a, respectively, at both ends of the compression spring 47 a corresponding baffle 45 and the baffle 46 is fixedly connected two.

[0028] 患者平躺在手术床上,躯体支撑平台1、腿部支撑平台3、头部支撑平台5和手臂支撑平台7分别对于患者的躯干、腿部、头部和手臂,躯干部位可以弯折,腿部可以弯折,头部位置可以调节,以便调节到患者较为舒适的姿态,患者的腿部通过魔术贴33固定在支撑板三31和支撑板四34上;固定板21从患者的肩膀下方摆动至患者的肩部,将患者躯体部位固定,取消了传统手术床固定患者胸部、腹部等模式,防止患者的正常呼吸、人体机能正常运转受到影响,提高患者的舒适性和安全性;腿部支撑平台3上的传动机构一4包含有一个缓冲结构,即由挡板一45、挡板二46和压簧47组成,患者的腿部在被魔术贴33固定后,膝盖关节对应的支撑板三31和支撑板四34的铰接处还存在一定的自由转动量,患者施加适当的力气即可压缩压簧47,实现膝盖关节的运动,使患者腿 [0028] In operation the patient lying on the bed, a body support platform, the leg support platform 3, a head arm support platform 5 and 7, respectively, to the torso support platform patient, legs, head and arms, torso can be bent , can be bent legs, head position may be adjusted in order to adjust the posture more comfortable to the patient, the patient's leg secured to the support plate by means of Velcro 31 and three four support plate 3433; the shoulder 21 of the fixing plate from a patient below the swing to the shoulder of the patient, the patient's body part is fixed, eliminating the conventional operating table chest, abdomen and other fixed patterns of patients, to prevent the normal breathing of the patient, the normal function of the body affected by the operation, improve the comfort and safety of the patient; leg portion of the support platform 3 a transmission mechanism 4 comprises a buffer structure, i.e. a 45 by the shutter, the shutter 46 and a spring 47 consisting of two, the patient's leg 33 after being fixed Velcro, corresponding to the knee joint is supported at three hinge plate 31 and the support plate 34 there is still a four free rotation amount, application of an appropriate compression spring 47 to a patient effort, effect movement of the knee joint, so that the patient's legs 血液顺畅,提高舒适性和安全性。 Blood smooth, improve comfort and security.

[0029] 如图1和图5所示,传动机构二6包括开设在支撑板五52侧端的滑槽61,固定块53上设有与滑槽61配合的滑轨62,支撑板五52的下端固设有一楔块63,楔块63的斜面朝下,且楔块63的斜面上开设有导槽65,传动机构二6还包括一个固设在支撑板一11上的气缸一51,气缸一51的活塞杆上设有一个能够自由转动的导轮64,导轮64插设在导槽65内,气缸一51推动楔块63上移,可以调节支撑板五52的位置,大部分神经外科手术都是针对患者头部进行的,对者头部的位置进行调节是非常有必要的。 [0029] FIGS. 1 and 5, the drive mechanism 6 comprises two side opening 52 in the end of the five chute supporting plate 61, slide rail 62 is provided with a chute 61 with the fixed block 53, the support plate 52 of the five the lower end is provided with a fixed wedge 63, the wedge 63 is downwardly inclined surface, and the guide groove 65 defines the wedge inclined surface 63, the transmission mechanism 6 further comprises two fixed on a support plate 11 a cylinder 51 a cylinder There is a freely rotatable guide wheel 64 on the piston rod 51 of a guide wheel 64 is inserted in the guide groove 65, a cylinder 51 pushing the wedge 63 move, can adjust the position of the support plate 52 is five, most nerve surgery is performed for the patient's head, the position of the head of conduct regulation is very necessary.

[0030] 如图1和图4所不,支撑板五52的两侧还分别设有一个夹板68,夹板68与一个设置在支撑板一11的底部的夹臂67固连,夹臂67的端部固设有一铰头66,铰头66铰接在支撑板一11的底部,且铰头66与支撑板一11之间紧配合,在需要对患者头部的后端进行手术时,将手术床调整至坐立的姿态,将支撑板五52下调至远离患者头部,然后扳动两块夹板68将患者夹于患者头部的两侧即可。 [0030] FIGS. 1 and 4 do not, five sides of the supporting plate 52 is further provided with a respective jaw 68, a clamp 68 is provided with a bottom support plate 11 of the clamp arm 67 is fixedly connected to the clamp arm 67 a hinge fixing portion is provided with an end head 66, a bottom head 66 is hinged at hinge a supporting plate 11, and the hinge between the head 66 and the support plate 11 a tight fit, when the rear end of the patient's head needs to surgery, the surgical bed adjusted to the sitting posture, the support plate 52 down to five head away from the patient, and then pulling the two clamp jaws 68 at both sides of the patient to the patient's head.

[0031] 如图1和图2所示,底座83内设有一电机三85,电机三85的输出轴上固设有一嵌入块86,底座83的上方还设有一转盘84,嵌入块86嵌入转盘84内且与转盘84固定,转盘84的上方设有若干气缸二81,气缸二81的活塞杆与支撑板一11铰接,转盘84上还设有若干支撑柱82,支撑柱82与支撑板二12铰接,电机三85控制手术床的躯体支撑平台I的旋转,气缸二81控制支撑板一11相对支撑板二12摆动。 [0031] FIGS. 1 and 2, the base 83 equipped with a motor three 85 2, the motor output shaft 85 is fixedly arranged a three inserts 86, above the base 83 is further provided with a turntable 84, inserts 86 embedded in the turntable 84 and is provided with a plurality of inner cylinder 81 and the two upper turn table 84 is fixed, the turntable 84, the cylinder rod 81 and the two support plates 11 of a hinge, the turntable 84 is also provided with a plurality of support posts 82, the support plate 82 and the support column two hinge 12, the motor 85 controls the rotation of three body support platform operating table I, the two cylinders 81 control the support plate 11 with respect to a support plate 12 two oscillating.

[0032] 夹臂67为万向弯管。 [0032] The clamp arm 67 is elbow joint. 该夹臂67的结构为金属弹簧制成的万向弯管,在一定的外力作用下能够随意弯折,以便更好的固定患者的头部,托板71用多块型板铰接而成,且托板71能够向托板71的上方弯折,托板71上也可以设置固定患者手臂的绷带等,由于托板71能够向上方弯折一定的幅度,患者手臂固定后能够有一定的自由活动的余量,避免患者手臂血液不畅而疲劳或受伤。 Fixing the patient's elbow clamp arm structure 67 of the gimbal spring is made of a metal, it can be freely bent in a certain external force, in order to better head, with a plurality of pallets 71 from hinge plate, and the pallet 71 can be bent upwardly of the pallet 71, the pallet 71 may be provided on the bandage the patient's arm or the like, since the pallet 71 can be bent upward a certain magnitude, the arm of the patient can be fixed to a certain degree of freedom activities margin to avoid arm fatigue in patients with poor blood or injury.

[0033] 躯体支撑平台1、腿部支撑平台3、头部支撑平台5、手臂支撑平台7和夹板68上均包裹有皮革层,底座83内设控制单元,电机一26、电机二41、电机三85、气缸一51和气缸二81均与控制单元相联,控制单元统一对电机一26、电机二41、电机三85、气缸一51和气缸二81进行控制,达到协同和智能的效果。 [0033] 1 body support platform, the leg support platform 3, the head supporting platform 5, the arm 7 and the support platform on the clamping plate 68 are wrapped with leather layer, the base site control unit 83, a motor 26, two motors 41, the motor three 85, the cylinder-51 and cylinder two 81 are associated with the control unit, the control unit uniform effect on the motor a 26 motor two 41, three motor 85, the cylinder-51 and cylinder two 81 performs control to achieve synergy and intelligent.

[0034] 本文中所描述的具体实施例仅仅是对本发明精神作举例说明。 Specific Example [0034] described herein is merely illustrative for spirit of the invention. 本发明所属技术领域的技术人员可以对所描述的具体实施例做各种各样的修改或补充或采用类似的方式替代,但并不会偏离本发明的精神或者超越所附权利要求书所定义的范围。 Those skilled in the art of the present invention can be made to the specific embodiments described various modifications or additions, or a similar alternative embodiment, but without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceed defined in the appended claims It ranges.

Claims (8)

1.一种神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述手术床包括一底座(83),所述底座(83)上设有躯体支撑平台(I)、腿部支撑平台(3)、头部支撑平台(5)和手臂支撑平台(7);所述躯体支撑平台(I)包括相铰接的支撑板一(11)和支撑板二(12),所述支撑板一(11)的端部设有一个用于将患者躯体固定在支撑板一(11)上的固定结构(2);所述腿部支撑平台(3)包括一与支撑板二(12)固连的支撑板三(31)和与支撑板三(31)铰接的支撑板四(34),所述支撑板四(34)的端部固设有一底板(32),所述支撑板三(31)、支撑板四(34)和底板(32)上均设有魔术贴(33),所述支撑板三(31)和支撑板四(34)之间还设有一个控制支撑板四(34)相对支撑板三(31)摆动的传动机构一(4);所述头部支撑平台(5)包括一个支撑板五(52),所述支撑板五(52)与支撑板一(11)之间通过一个固定块(53)相连,所述固定块(53)与支撑板五(52)之间设有一个控 A neurosurgical operating table, characterized in that said operating table comprising a base (83), with the body support platform (I) on the base (83), leg support platform (3), the head support platform (5) and arm support platform (7); the body support platform (I) includes a hinged support plate (11) and two support plates (12), a support plate (11) of the end portion provided with a means for fixing in a patient's body (11) fixed structure (2) on the support plate; said leg support platform (3) comprises a support plate with two (12) fixedly connected three supporting plate (31 solid end portion) of the support plate and three (31) articulated four support plate (34), the four support plate (34) is provided with a base plate (32), said three support plate (31), four support plates ( 34) and the bottom plate (32) are provided with Velcro (33), said three support plate (31) and the support plate is provided with a further control four support plate (34) relative to the support plate between four and three (34) ( 31) a swing drive mechanism (4); the head supporting platform (5) comprises a support plate five (52), the support plate through a fixing block between five (52) with a support plate (11) (53) is connected, it is provided with a control between five (52) of the fixing block (53) and the support plate 制支撑板五(52)竖直方向上运动的传动机构二(6);所述手臂支撑平台(7)包括两个分别位于支撑板一(11)两侧的托板(71);所述固定结构(2)包括两个分别位于固定块(53)两侧的固定板(21),所述固定板(21)与一个摆臂(22)相连,所述摆臂(22)的一端与所述固定板(21)固连,另一端插设在所述支撑板一内,且插设在支撑块一内的一端还固设有一齿条(24),所述摆臂(22)呈圆弧状,所述支撑板一(11)内设有一传动轴(23),所述传动轴(23)的两端分别设有一齿轮一(25),所述齿轮一(25)与所述齿条(24)嗤合,所述支撑板一(11)内还设有一电机一(26),所述电机一(26)的输出轴与传动轴(23)之间通过一皮带(27)相连;所述传动机构一(4)包括一个电机二(41),所述支撑板三(31)和支撑板四(34)之间通过一个固定轴(44)相铰接,所述固定轴(44)与所述支撑板四(34)固连,所述固定轴(44)上设有齿轮二(42),所 A support plate made of five (52) motion transmission mechanism vertically bis (6); said arm supporting platform (7) comprises two support plates are located in a pallet (11) on both sides (71); the a fixed structure (2) comprises two fixing plates are located (53) on both sides of the fixed block (21), said fixing plate (21) with a swing arm (22), said swing arm (22) one end one end of the fixing plate (21) is fixedly connected to the other end is inserted within the support in a plate and interposed between a fixed support block is further provided with a rack (24), the arm (22) as a arc-shaped, a plate of the support (11) is provided with a drive shaft (23), said shaft (23) respectively provided at both ends of a gear a (25), said one gear (25) and the a rack (24) engaged laugh, a support plate (11) of a motor provided with a further (26), between a said motor (26) and the output shaft of the transmission shaft (23) via a belt (27) connected; means a said transmission (4) comprises a two motor (41), said three support plate (31) and a support plate (44) hinged to the fixed shaft by a fixed shaft between four (34) ( 44) and the four support plate (34) fixedly connected, is provided on the fixed shaft (44) two gears (42), the 电机二(41)的壳体与所述支撑板三(31)固连,且电机二(41)的输出轴上固设有一齿轮三(43),所述齿轮三(43)与所述齿轮二(42)啮合,所述齿轮二(42)为中空结构,且齿轮二(42)的空腔内均匀设置有若干挡板一(45),所述固定轴(44)的外壁上均匀设置有与所述挡板一(45) —一对应的挡板二(46),所述固定轴(44)插设在所述齿轮二(42)的空腔内,每个挡板一(45)和挡板二(46)之间均设有一压簧(47),所述压簧(47)的两端分别于对应的挡板一(45)和挡板二(46)固连。 Two motors (41) of the case and the three support plate (31) fixedly connected, and two motors (41) is provided with an output shaft of a solid three gears (43), the three gears (43) and the gear two cavity (42) engages, said two gears (42) has a hollow structure, and the two gears (42) is provided with a plurality of uniformly a flap (45), an outer wall of the fixed shaft (44) arranged uniformly with the baffle has a (45) - a two corresponding flap (46), said fixing shaft (44) inserted in the second (42) cavity of said gear, each of a flap (45 They are provided between) and the two baffles (46) a compression spring (47), said compression spring (47) respectively corresponding to both ends of a baffle plate (45) and two baffle (46) fixedly connected.
2.根据权利要求1所述的神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述传动机构二(6)包括开设在所述支撑板五(52)侧端的滑槽(61),所述固定块(53)上设有与所述滑槽¢1)配合的滑轨(62),所述支撑板五(52)的下端固设有一楔块(63),所述楔块¢3)的斜面朝下,且所述楔块(63)的斜面上开设有导槽(65),所述传动机构二(6)还包括一个固设在支撑板一(11)上的气缸一(51),所述气缸一(51)的活塞杆上设有一个能够自由转动的导轮(64),所述导轮¢4)插设在所述导槽¢5)内。 2. The operating table according to claim neurosurgical claim 1, wherein said two gear means (6) comprises a chute opening (61) V (52) side end of said support plate, said fixing block ( 53) provided on the chute ¢. 1) rails (62) fitted to the lower support plate five (52) is provided with a fixed wedge (63), said wedge ¢. 3) slope towards lower and the upper wedge (63) of the guide groove defines a ramp (65), said two transmission means (6) further comprises a cylinder (51) is fixed on a support a plate (11), the a cylinder provided on said one (51) of a piston rod capable of freely rotatable guide wheel (64), the guide wheel ¢. 4) interposed between said guide groove. 5 ¢) inside.
3.根据权利要求2所述的神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述支撑板五(52)的两侧还分别设有一个夹板(68),所述夹板¢8)与一个设置在支撑板一(11)的底部的夹臂¢7)固连,所述夹臂¢7)的端部固设有一铰头(66),所述铰头¢6)铰接在所述支撑板一(11)的底部,且所述铰头¢6)与所述支撑板一(11)之间紧配合。 3. The operating table according to claim neurosurgical claim 2, wherein said support side plates five (52) are provided to support a further jaw (68), said jaw ¢. 8) is provided with a a bottom clamp plate (11) of the arm. 7 ¢) secured, the clamp arm ¢. 7) is provided with an end portion of a fixed joint head (66), said hinge head ¢. 6) hinged to a support plate ( tight fit between the bottom portion 11), and said hinge head ¢. 6) and a support plate (11).
4.根据权利要求3所述的神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述底座(83)内设有一电机三(85),所述电机三(85)的输出轴上固设有一嵌入块(86),所述底座(83)的上方还设有一转盘(84),所述嵌入块(86)嵌入所述转盘(84)内且与所述转盘(84)固定,所述转盘(84)的上方设有若干气缸二(81),所述气缸二(81)的活塞杆与所述支撑板一(11)铰接,所述转盘(84)上还设有若干支撑柱(82),所述支撑柱(82)与所述支撑板二(12)铰接。 An output shaft according to claim 3 of the neurosurgical operation bed, characterized in that the base (83) is provided with a motor three (85), the three motor (85) is provided with a solid inserts ( 86), said upper base (83) is further provided with a turntable (84), said inserts (86) embedded within the turntable (84) and fixed to said turntable (84), said turntable (84) a plurality of the above two cylinders (81), said two cylinders (81) of said piston rod and a support plate (11) is hinged, said turntable further has a plurality of support posts (84) (82), the said support column (82) and the two hinge support plate (12).
5.根据权利要求4所述的神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述夹臂(67)为万向弯管。 According to claim 4, wherein the neurosurgical operation bed, characterized in that the gripping arms (67) for the elbow joint.
6.根据权利要求5所述的神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述托板(71)用多块型板铰接而成,且所述托板(71)能够向所述托板(71)的上方弯折。 According to claim 5, wherein the neurosurgical operation bed, characterized in that the pallet (71) formed with a plurality of hinge plate and the support plate (71) to the pallet can be (71 ) bend upward.
7.根据权利要求6所述的神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述躯体支撑平台、腿部支撑平台(3)、头部支撑平台(5)、手臂支撑平台(7)和夹板¢8)上均包裹有皮革层。 7. neurosurgical operation bed according to claim 6, characterized in that the body support platform, the leg support platform (3), a head support platform (5), the arm support platform (7) and cleats ¢ 8 upper) layers are wrapped with leather.
8.根据权利要求7所述的神经外科手术床,其特征在于,所述底座(83)内设有控制单元,所述电机一(26)、电机二(41)、电机三(85)、气缸一(51)和气缸二(81)均与所述控制单元相联。 According to claim 7 of the neurosurgical operation bed, characterized in that the base (83) is provided with a control unit, a motor of the (26), two motors (41), three motor (85), a cylinder (51) and two cylinders (81) are associated with the control unit.
CN201310512997.4A 2013-10-28 2013-10-28 A neurological surgical operating table CN103494700B (en)

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