CN103494700A - Operating table for neurosurgery department - Google Patents

Operating table for neurosurgery department Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103494700A
CN103494700A CN201310512997.4A CN201310512997A CN103494700A CN 103494700 A CN103494700 A CN 103494700A CN 201310512997 A CN201310512997 A CN 201310512997A CN 103494700 A CN103494700 A CN 103494700A
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China
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described
gripper shoe
supporting plate
provided
support platform
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CN201310512997.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103494700B (en
Inventor
张秀华
孙国涛
易有峰
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张秀华
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Priority to CN201310512997.4A priority Critical patent/CN103494700B/en
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Publication of CN103494700B publication Critical patent/CN103494700B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an operating table for the neurosurgery department to solve the technical problems that the comfort degree of an existing operating table is low and potential safety hazards occur to a patient, and belongs to the technical field of machinery. The operating table for the neurosurgery department comprises a base, wherein a body supporting platform, a leg supporting platform, a head supporting platform and arm supporting platforms are arranged on the base. The body supporting platform comprises a first supporting plate and a second supporting plate, wherein the first supporting plate and the second supporting plate are hinged to each other, and one end portion of the first supporting plate is provided with a fixing structure which is used for enabling the body of the patient to be fixed onto the first supporting plate. The leg supporting platform comprises a third supporting plate fixedly connected with the second supporting plate, and a fourth supporting plate hinged to the third supporting plate, wherein a first transmission mechanism which controls the fourth supporting plate to swing relative to the third supporting plate is further arranged between the third supporting plate and the fourth supporting plate. A second transmission mechanism which controls a fifth supporting plate to move in the vertical direction is arranged between a fixing block and the fifth supporting plate. The operating table for the neurosurgery department has the advantages of being good in comfort, high in safety and the like.

Description

A kind of neurosurgery operation table

Technical field

The invention belongs to field of mechanical technique, relate to a kind of neurosurgery operation table.

Background technology

Neurosurgery comprises the operations such as scalp tumor excision, fracture of skull reduction, tumor of skull excision and skull repairing, epidural and subdural hematoma, abscess are clear, subtemporal decompression, as requisite medical apparatus and instruments in neurosurgery, operation table plays very important effect to operation.

Sometimes, on operation table, one to stay be exactly several hours to the patient, be fixed on for a long time on operation table, patient for script in pain feels bad very much, if operation table can not provide comfortableness preferably to the patient, that will on the operation carry out smoothly with patient's rehabilitation, larger impact is arranged, moreover, some patient that need to do neurosurgery exists extremely mentally, operation for a long time in addition, may cause emotional instability etc., patient's safety is caused to larger hidden danger.

Traditional operation table is generally cluster for patient's fixed form, and patient's limbs can not be at the operation bed activities, and patient's blood circulation is influenced, affects patient's comfortableness, and patient's safety is caused to great hidden danger.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is the problems referred to above that exist for existing technology, a kind of neurosurgery operation table is provided, technical problem to be solved by this invention is comfortableness and the safety that how to improve the patient.

Purpose of the present invention can realize by following technical proposal: a kind of neurosurgery operation table, it is characterized in that, and described operation table comprises a base, described base is provided with body support platform, thigh support platform, head support platform and arm support platform, described body support platform comprises gripper shoe one and the gripper shoe two be hinged, and the end of described gripper shoe one is provided with one for patient's body is fixed on to the fixed structure on gripper shoe one, described thigh support platform comprise one with gripper shoe two be connected to obtain gripper shoe three and the gripper shoe four hinged with gripper shoe three, the end of described gripper shoe four is installed with a base plate, be equipped with VELCRO on described gripper shoe three, gripper shoe four and base plate, also be provided with one between described gripper shoe three and gripper shoe four and control the drive mechanism one that the relative gripper shoe three of gripper shoe four swings, described head support platform comprises a gripper shoe five, between described gripper shoe five and gripper shoe one, by a fixed block, is connected, and is provided with one between described fixed block and gripper shoe five and controls the drive mechanism two moved on gripper shoe five vertical directions, described arm support platform comprises that two lay respectively at gripper shoe one both sides and obtain supporting plate, described fixed structure comprises two fixing heads that lay respectively at the fixed block both sides, described fixing head is connected with a swing arm, one end and the described fixed block of described swing arm are connected, the other end is plugged in described back-up block one, and the end be plugged in back-up block one also is installed with a tooth bar, described swing arm is circular-arc, be provided with a power transmission shaft in described gripper shoe one, the two ends of described power transmission shaft are respectively equipped with a gear one, described gear one and described tooth bar engagement, also be provided with a motor one in described gripper shoe one, between the output shaft of described motor one and power transmission shaft, by a belt, be connected, described drive mechanism one comprises a motor two, between described gripper shoe three and gripper shoe four, by a fixed axis, be hinged, described fixed axis and described gripper shoe four are connected, described fixed axis is provided with gear two, the housing of described motor two and described gripper shoe three are connected, and be installed with a gear three on the output shaft of motor two, described gear three and described gear two engagements, described gear two is hollow structure, and evenly be provided with some baffle plates one in the cavity of gear two, on the outer wall of described fixed axis, evenly be provided with and described baffle plate one baffle plate two one to one, described fixed axis is plugged in the cavity of described gear two, be equipped with a stage clip between each baffle plate one and baffle plate two, the two ends of described stage clip are connected respectively at corresponding baffle plate one and baffle plate two.

Operation principle of the present invention is: the patient lies low on operation table, body support platform, thigh support platform, head support platform and arm support platform are respectively for patient's trunk, shank, head and arm, metastomium can bend, shank can bend, head position can be regulated, in order to be adjusted to the comparatively comfortable attitude of patient, patient's shank is fixed on gripper shoe three and gripper shoe four by VELCRO; Fixing head is rocked to patient's shoulder from patient's shoulder below, patient's body position is fixed, cancelled traditional operation bed immobilized patients chest, abdominal part isotype, prevented that patient's eupnea, function of human body from running well and being affected, and improves patient's comfortableness and safety; Drive mechanism one on the thigh support platform includes a buffer structure, by baffle plate one, baffle plate two and stage clip, formed, patient's shank is after being fixed by VELCRO, also there are certain free amount of spin in the gripper shoe three that knee endoprosthesis is corresponding and the hinged place of gripper shoe four, the patient applies suitable strength and gets final product compression press spring, realize the motion of knee endoprosthesis, make patient's shank blood smooth and easy, improve comfortableness and safety.

In above-mentioned a kind of neurosurgery operation table, described drive mechanism two comprises the chute that is opened in described gripper shoe five sides, described fixed block is provided with the slide rail coordinated with described chute, the lower end of described gripper shoe five is installed with a voussoir, the inclined-plane of described voussoir down, and offer guide groove on the inclined-plane of described voussoir, described drive mechanism two also comprises a cylinder one be installed on gripper shoe one, the piston rod of described cylinder one is provided with a guide wheel that can freely rotate, and described guide wheel is plugged in described guide groove.Cylinder one promotes to move on voussoir, can regulate the position of gripper shoe five, and most of neurosurgery is all carried out for patient's head, and the position of person's head is regulated and is necessary.

In above-mentioned a kind of neurosurgery operation table, the both sides of described gripper shoe five also are respectively equipped with clamping plate, described clamping plate and a jig arm that is arranged on the bottom of gripper shoe one are connected, the end of described jig arm is installed with a hinge head, described hinge head is hinged on the bottom of described gripper shoe one, and tight fit between described hinge head and described gripper shoe one.In the time need to being performed the operation to the rear end of patient's head, operation table is adjusted to the attitude of sitting, gripper shoe five is adjusted downward to the head away from the patient, then pull the both sides that two clamping plates is sandwiched in patient's head by the patient and get final product.

In above-mentioned a kind of neurosurgery operation table, be provided with a motor three in described base, be installed with an embedded block on the output shaft of described motor three, the top of described base also is provided with a rotating disk, described embedded block embeds in described rotating disk and fixes with described rotating disk, and the top of described rotating disk is provided with some cylinders two, and the piston rod of described cylinder two and described gripper shoe one are hinged, described rotating disk Shanghai is provided with some support columns, and described support column and described gripper shoe two are hinged.Motor three is controlled the rotation of the body support platform of operation table, and cylinder two is controlled the relative gripper shoe two of gripper shoe one and swung.

In above-mentioned a kind of neurosurgery operation table, described jig arm is Universal bending.The structure of this jig arm is the Universal bending that metal spring is made, and under certain External Force Acting, can arbitrarily bend, so that the head of better immobilized patients.

In above-mentioned a kind of neurosurgery operation table, the polylith template is hinged again forms for described supporting plate, and described supporting plate can be to the top bending of described supporting plate.The binder of immobilized patients arm etc. also can be set on supporting plate, because supporting plate can bend certain amplitude upward, after patient's arm is fixing, certain freely surplus of activity can be arranged, avoid patient's arm blood smooth and tired or injured.

In above-mentioned a kind of neurosurgery operation table, described driving on body support platform, thigh support platform, head support platform, arm support platform and clamping plate all is enclosed with leather layer.

In above-mentioned a kind of neurosurgery operation table, establish control unit in described base, described motor one, motor two, motor three, cylinder one and cylinder two all link with described control unit.The control unit unification is controlled motor one, motor two, motor three, cylinder one and cylinder two, reaches collaborative and intelligent effect.

Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

1, fixing head is rocked to patient's shoulder from patient's shoulder below, patient's body position is fixed, cancelled traditional operation bed immobilized patients chest, abdominal part isotype, prevented that patient's eupnea, function of human body from running well and being affected, and improves patient's comfortableness and safety.

2, the drive mechanism one on the thigh support platform includes a buffer structure, by baffle plate one, baffle plate two and stage clip, formed, patient's shank is after being fixed by VELCRO, also there are certain free amount of spin in the gripper shoe three that knee endoprosthesis is corresponding and the hinged place of gripper shoe four, the patient applies suitable strength and gets final product compression press spring, realize the motion of knee endoprosthesis, make patient's shank blood smooth and easy, improve comfortableness and safety.

3, the binder etc. of immobilized patients arm also can be set on supporting plate, because supporting plate can bend certain amplitude upward, certain freely movable surplus can be arranged after patient's arm is fixing, avoid patient's arm blood smooth and tired or injured.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of this operation table.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the base of this operation table.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of drive mechanism one in this operation table.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of this operation table middle clamp plate.

Fig. 5 is the explosive view of drive mechanism two in this operation table.

Fig. 6 is the perspective view of fixed structure in this operation table.

In figure, 1, the body support platform; 11, gripper shoe one; 12, gripper shoe two; 2, fixed structure; 21, fixing head; 22, swing arm; 23, power transmission shaft; 24, tooth bar; 25, gear one; 26, motor one; 27, belt; 3, thigh support platform; 31, gripper shoe three; 32, base plate; 33, VELCRO; 34, gripper shoe four; 4, drive mechanism one; 41, motor two; 42, gear two; 43, gear three; 44, fixed axis; 45, baffle plate one; 46, baffle plate two; 47, stage clip; 5, head support platform; 51, cylinder one; 52, gripper shoe five; 53, fixed block; 6, drive mechanism two; 61, chute; 62, slide rail; 63, voussoir; 64, guide wheel; 65, guide groove; 66, hinge head; 67, jig arm; 68, clamping plate; 7, arm support platform; 71, supporting plate; 81, cylinder two; 82, support column; 83, base; 84, rotating disk; 85, motor three; 86, embedded block.

The specific embodiment

Be below specific embodiments of the invention by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, but the present invention be not limited to these embodiment.

As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 6, a kind of neurosurgery operation table, operation table comprises a base 83, base 83 is provided with body support platform 1, thigh support platform 3, head support platform 5 and arm support platform 7, body support platform 1 comprises gripper shoe 1 and the gripper shoe 2 12 be hinged, and the end of gripper shoe 1 is provided with one for patient's body being fixed on to the fixed structure 2 on gripper shoe 1, thigh support platform 3 comprise one with gripper shoe 2 12 be connected to obtain gripper shoe 3 31 and the gripper shoe four 34 hinged with gripper shoe 3 31, the end of gripper shoe 4 34 is installed with a base plate 32, be equipped with VELCRO 33 on gripper shoe 3 31, gripper shoe 4 34 and base plate 32, also be provided with one between gripper shoe 3 31 and gripper shoe 4 34 and control the drive mechanism 1 that the relative gripper shoe 3 31 of gripper shoe 4 34 swings, head support platform 5 comprises a gripper shoe 5 52, between gripper shoe 5 52 and gripper shoe 1, by a fixed block 53, is connected, and is provided with one between fixed block 53 and gripper shoe 5 52 and controls the drive mechanism 26 moved on gripper shoe 5 52 vertical directions, arm support platform 7 comprises that two lay respectively at gripper shoe one 11 both sides and obtain supporting plate 71, fixed structure 2 comprises two fixing heads 21 that lay respectively at fixed block 53 both sides, fixing head 21 is connected with a swing arm 22, one end and the fixed block 53 of swing arm 22 are connected, the other end is plugged in back-up block one, and the end be plugged in back-up block one also is installed with a tooth bar 24, swing arm 22 is circular-arc, be provided with a power transmission shaft 23 in gripper shoe 1, the two ends of power transmission shaft 23 are respectively equipped with a gear 1, gear 1 and tooth bar 24 engagements, also be provided with a motor 1 in gripper shoe 1, be connected by a belt 27 between the output shaft of motor 1 and power transmission shaft 23, drive mechanism 1 comprises a motor 2 41, between gripper shoe 3 31 and gripper shoe 4 34, by a fixed axis 44, be hinged, fixed axis 44 is connected with gripper shoe 4 34, fixed axis 44 is provided with gear 2 42, the housing of motor 2 41 and gripper shoe 3 31 are connected, and be installed with a gear 3 43 on the output shaft of motor 2 41, gear 3 43 and gear 2 42 engagements, gear 2 42 is hollow structure, and evenly be provided with some baffle plates 1 in the cavity of gear 2 42, on the outer wall of fixed axis 44, evenly be provided with and baffle plate 1 baffle plate 2 46 one to one, fixed axis 44 is plugged in the cavity of gear 2 42, be equipped with a stage clip 47 between each baffle plate 1 and baffle plate 2 46, the two ends of stage clip 47 are connected respectively at corresponding baffle plate 1 and baffle plate 2 46.

The patient lies low on operation table, body support platform 1, thigh support platform 3, head support platform 5 and arm support platform 7 are respectively for patient's trunk, shank, head and arm, metastomium can bend, shank can bend, head position can be regulated, in order to be adjusted to the comparatively comfortable attitude of patient, patient's shank is fixed on gripper shoe 3 31 and gripper shoe 4 34 by VELCRO 33; Fixing head 21 is rocked to patient's shoulder from patient's shoulder below, patient's body position is fixed, cancelled traditional operation bed immobilized patients chest, abdominal part isotype, prevented that patient's eupnea, function of human body from running well and being affected, and improves patient's comfortableness and safety; Drive mechanism 1 on thigh support platform 3 includes a buffer structure, by baffle plate 1, baffle plate 2 46 and stage clip 47, formed, patient's shank is after being fixed by VELCRO 33, also there are certain free amount of spin in the gripper shoe 3 31 that knee endoprosthesis is corresponding and the hinged place of gripper shoe 4 34, the patient applies suitable strength and gets final product compression press spring 47, realize the motion of knee endoprosthesis, make patient's shank blood smooth and easy, improve comfortableness and safety.

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 5, drive mechanism 26 comprises the chute 61 that is opened in gripper shoe 5 52 sides, fixed block 53 is provided with the slide rail 62 coordinated with chute 61, the lower end of gripper shoe 5 52 is installed with a voussoir 63, the inclined-plane of voussoir 63 down, and offer guide groove 65 on the inclined-plane of voussoir 63, drive mechanism 26 also comprises a cylinder 1 be installed on gripper shoe 1, the piston rod of cylinder 1 is provided with a guide wheel that can freely rotate 64, guide wheel 64 is plugged in guide groove 65, cylinder 1 promotes to move on voussoir 63, can regulate the position of gripper shoe 5 52, most of neurosurgery is all carried out for patient's head, the position of person's head is regulated and is necessary.

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, the both sides of gripper shoe 5 52 also are respectively equipped with clamping plate 68, clamping plate 68 and a jig arm 67 that is arranged on the bottom of gripper shoe 1 are connected, the end of jig arm 67 is installed with a hinge head 66, hinge head 66 is hinged on the bottom of gripper shoe 1, and tight fit between hinge head 66 and gripper shoe 1, in the time need to being performed the operation to the rear end of patient's head, operation table is adjusted to the attitude of sitting, gripper shoe 5 52 is adjusted downward to the head away from the patient, then pulls the both sides that two clamping plates 68 is sandwiched in patient's head by the patient and get final product.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, be provided with a motor 3 85 in base 83, be installed with an embedded block 86 on the output shaft of motor 3 85, the top of base 83 also is provided with a rotating disk 84, embedded block 86 embeds in rotating disk 84 and with rotating disk 84 and fixes, the top of rotating disk 84 is provided with some cylinders 2 81, the piston rod of cylinder 2 81 and gripper shoe 1 are hinged, rotating disk 84 Shanghai are provided with some support columns 82, support column 82 is hinged with gripper shoe 2 12, motor 3 85 is controlled the rotation of the body support platform 1 of operation table, and cylinder 2 81 is controlled the relative gripper shoe 2 12 of gripper shoe 1 and swung.

Jig arm 67 is Universal bending.The structure of this jig arm 67 is the Universal bending that metal spring is made, under certain External Force Acting, can arbitrarily bend, so that the head of better immobilized patients, the polylith template is hinged again forms for supporting plate 71, and supporting plate 71 can be to the top bending of supporting plate 71, the binder of immobilized patients arm etc. also can be set on supporting plate 71, because supporting plate 71 can bend certain amplitude upward, certain freely surplus of activity can be arranged after patient's arm is fixing, avoid patient's arm blood smooth and tired or injured.

Drive on body support platform, thigh support platform 3, head support platform 5, arm support platform 7 and clamping plate 68 and all be enclosed with leather layer, establish control unit in base 83, motor 1, motor 2 41, motor 3 85, cylinder 1 and cylinder 2 81 all link with control unit, the control unit unification is controlled motor 1, motor 2 41, motor 3 85, cylinder 1 and cylinder 2 81, reaches collaborative and intelligent effect.

Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. a neurosurgery operation table, is characterized in that, described operation table comprises a base (83), and described base (83) is provided with body support platform (1), thigh support platform (3), head support platform (5) and arm support platform (7), described body support platform (1) comprises gripper shoe one (11) and the gripper shoe two (12) be hinged, and the end of described gripper shoe one (11) is provided with one for patient's body being fixed on to the fixed structure (2) on gripper shoe one (11), described thigh support platform (3) comprise one with gripper shoe two (12) be connected to obtain gripper shoe three (31) and the gripper shoe four (34) hinged with gripper shoe three (31), the end of described gripper shoe four (34) is installed with a base plate (32), be equipped with VELCRO (33) on described gripper shoe three (31), gripper shoe four (34) and base plate (32), also be provided with one between described gripper shoe three (31) and gripper shoe four (34) and control the drive mechanism one (4) that the relative gripper shoe three (31) of gripper shoe four (34) swings, described head support platform (5) comprises a gripper shoe five (52), be connected by a fixed block (53) between described gripper shoe five (52) and gripper shoe one (11), be provided with one between described fixed block (53) and gripper shoe five (52) and control the drive mechanism two (6) moved on gripper shoe five (52) vertical directions, described arm support platform (7) comprises that two lay respectively at gripper shoe one (11) both sides and obtain supporting plate (71), described fixed structure (2) comprises two fixing heads (21) that lay respectively at fixed block (53) both sides, described fixing head (21) is connected with a swing arm (22), one end of described swing arm (22) and described fixed block (53) are connected, the other end is plugged in described back-up block one, and the end be plugged in back-up block one also is installed with a tooth bar (24), described swing arm (22) is circular-arc, be provided with a power transmission shaft (23) in described gripper shoe one (11), the two ends of described power transmission shaft (23) are respectively equipped with a gear one (25), described gear one (25) and described tooth bar (24) engagement, also be provided with a motor one (26) in described gripper shoe one (11), between the output shaft of described motor one (26) and power transmission shaft (23), by a belt (27), be connected, described drive mechanism one (4) comprises a motor two (41), between described gripper shoe three (31) and gripper shoe four (34), by a fixed axis (44), be hinged, described fixed axis (44) is connected with described gripper shoe four (34), described fixed axis (44) is provided with gear two (42), the housing of described motor two (41) and described gripper shoe three (31) are connected, and be installed with a gear three (43) on the output shaft of motor two (41), described gear three (43) and described gear two (42) engagements, described gear two (42) is hollow structure, and evenly be provided with some baffle plates one (45) in the cavity of gear two (42), on the outer wall of described fixed axis (44), evenly be provided with and described baffle plate one (45) baffle plate two (46) one to one, described fixed axis (44) is plugged in the cavity of described gear two (42), be equipped with a stage clip (47) between each baffle plate one (45) and baffle plate two (46), the two ends of described stage clip (47) are connected respectively at corresponding baffle plate one (45) and baffle plate two (46).
2. neurosurgery operation table according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described drive mechanism two (6) comprises the chute (61) that is opened in described gripper shoe five (52) sides, described fixed block (53) is provided with the slide rail (62) coordinated with described chute (61), the lower end of described gripper shoe five (52) is installed with a voussoir (63), the inclined-plane of described voussoir (63) down, and offer guide groove (65) on the inclined-plane of described voussoir (63), described drive mechanism two (6) also comprises a cylinder one (51) be installed on gripper shoe one (11), the piston rod of described cylinder one (51) is provided with a guide wheel that can freely rotate (64), described guide wheel (64) is plugged in described guide groove (65).
3. neurosurgery operation table according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the both sides of described gripper shoe five (52) also are respectively equipped with clamping plate (68), described clamping plate (68) are connected with a jig arm (67) that is arranged on the bottom of gripper shoe one (11), the end of described jig arm (67) is installed with a hinge head (66), described hinge head (66) is hinged on the bottom of described gripper shoe one (11), and tight fit between described hinge head (66) and described gripper shoe one (11).
4. neurosurgery operation table according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, be provided with a motor three (85) in described base (83), be installed with an embedded block (86) on the output shaft of described motor three (85), the top of described base (83) also is provided with a rotating disk (84), described embedded block (86) embeds in described rotating disk (84) and with described rotating disk (84) and fixes, the top of described rotating disk (84) is provided with some cylinders two (81), the piston rod of described cylinder two (81) and described gripper shoe one (11) are hinged, described rotating disk (84) Shanghai is provided with some support columns (82), described support column (82) is hinged with described gripper shoe two (12).
5. neurosurgery operation table according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described jig arm (67) is Universal bending.
6. neurosurgery operation table according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the polylith template is hinged again forms for described supporting plate (71), and described supporting plate (71) can be to the top bending of described supporting plate (71).
7. neurosurgery operation table according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described driving on body support platform, thigh support platform (3), head support platform (5), arm support platform (7) and clamping plate (68) all is enclosed with leather layer.
8. neurosurgery operation table according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described base is provided with control unit in (83), and described motor one (26), motor two (41), motor three (85), cylinder one (51) and cylinder two (81) all link with described control unit.
CN201310512997.4A 2013-10-28 2013-10-28 A kind of neurosurgery operation table CN103494700B (en)

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CN201310512997.4A CN103494700B (en) 2013-10-28 2013-10-28 A kind of neurosurgery operation table

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