CN103491352A - Wireless locating and monitoring system of intelligent community - Google Patents

Wireless locating and monitoring system of intelligent community Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103491352A
CN103491352A CN201310463800.2A CN201310463800A CN103491352A CN 103491352 A CN103491352 A CN 103491352A CN 201310463800 A CN201310463800 A CN 201310463800A CN 103491352 A CN103491352 A CN 103491352A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wireless
camera
positioning
monitoring system
hotspot
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CN201310463800.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尹梦寒
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尹梦寒
李宜
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Application filed by 尹梦寒, 李宜 filed Critical 尹梦寒
Priority to CN201310463800.2A priority Critical patent/CN103491352A/en
Publication of CN103491352A publication Critical patent/CN103491352A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent community monitoring and camera shooting system based on wireless network locating to be used for locating, camera shooting and security management of people and vehicles in a community. A wireless locating technology is adopted for the wireless locating and monitoring system, a plurality of wireless hot spots are arranged in the community, and the wireless hot spots are integrated with an existing monitoring camera. A locator outward emits weak-power wireless signals in a timed mode, the wireless hot spots transmit determined date to a server of a control center in real time through an existing data line of a camera after receiving the wireless signals, the wireless locating and monitoring system confirms the position of the locator and confirms the camera closest to the locator, the server can send out an instruction for snapshot of a picture and instruct the camera to work through the data line of the camera, the camera sends the picture back to the server, and therefore real-time linkage of locating and camera shooting is achieved. The wireless locating and monitoring system embodies a new concept and has distinct openness and reliability, the high-level linkage of locating and monitoring is achieved, and the wireless locating and monitoring system is an ideal intelligent monitoring system.

Description

The wireless positioning monitoring system of wisdom community

(1) technical field

The present invention is based on wisdom Community Watch and the camera system of wireless network location, for location, shooting and the safeguard management of the personnel/vehicle in district.System adopts wireless location technology, the pattern that arranges with reference to the honeycomb fashion cellular base station, arrange a plurality of hotspot in community, these hotspot and existing monitoring camera are realized integrated, the place that in the area of coverage, personnel or vehicle can reach, by the locator in recognition network, the accurate location of location personnel or vehicle, accomplishing real-time monitoring and shooting, is one of main characteristics of wisdom community.

(2) background technology

Wireless location technology has the two kinds of technology modes in GPS location and cellular base station location, and they respectively have pluses and minuses.

GPS realizes location by a plurality of satellite-signals that receive the space track in location, and positioning precision is very high, and system is open, easily uses.Target person need to be equipped with gps receiver, and receiver possesses position counting function, and volume is larger, and relatively power consumption, and price is higher, portably uses inconvenience considers that gps receiver easily loses, and the cost that uses GPS to locate can be very high the community in.

By base station, the tracking to the networking mobile phone realizes locating in the cellular base station location, and Information Mobile Service business's base station distribution is extensive, and mobile phone signal is realized seamless coverage, the infrastructure of this location technology based on ready-made, and cost is lower, is easy to realize.The base station service range is 1 kilometer left and right, and positioning precision is lower, and needs the open data call of Information Mobile Service business, and real realization has many commercial obstacles.

Simple location can not solve the difficult problem of the real-time monitoring of wisdom community, also needs to realize the interlock of location and shooting, after location, can real-time photography, and reach the requirement of wisdom security protection.General community all can be equipped with digit video recording system, and front-end camera is web camera, and the rear end storage is network hard disc, and image is with stored in digital format, and network data can directly show on computers, supports IP-based access to netwoks, realizes high Qinghua.The view data of tradition supervisory control system is only for the staff, and the calling graph picture need to pass through control centre, is closed system.This supervisory control system can't be combined with navigation system, can not meet the opening of wisdom community, real-time monitoring demand.

Notice the problems referred to above, the present invention proposes a kind of monitoring and camera system based on the wireless network location, configure hotspot on existing camera, target person is equipped with locator, the coverage of locator in certain hotspot, get final product spotting, and while needing, the immediate instruction camera is taken pictures, be convenient to the manager and judge abnormal conditions, reach the perfect adaptation of location and security protection.

(3) summary of the invention

The wireless network location is identical with the principle of cellular base station location.System is given independently IP address of each hotspot, confirms its geographical distribution.Locator is a signal source, and it regularly sends the wireless signal of weak power, and when moving to the service range of certain hotspot, the backward system of this focus cognitive radio signal is sent the confirmation data, and system is confirmed the position of locator thus.The hotspot of wisdom community has not needed voice and the data-transformation facility of base station, is entirely positioning function and optimizes, and positioning precision is suitable, and equipment is little easily to be carried, and cost is very low, is beneficial to universal.

Wireless network has Wi-Fi, wireless frequency hopping FHSS and tri-kinds of solutions of Zigbee, and they use different communication frequency bands, network bandwidth difference, and equipment complexity difference, the ability of penetrate is also had any different.Wi-Fi is current broadband communications technology commonly used, and bandwidth is very high, is applicable to the transmission massive dataflow, and its communication point needs stable power-supplying, and volume is larger, not too is applicable to simple machine.Wireless frequency hopping FHSS is applicable to the electromagnetic environment complex area, and bandwidth is moderate, wear the barrier ability and can accept, but cost is higher.Zigbee is the wireless communication technique that Internet of Things is commonly used, is applicable to short distance, low bandwidth data exchange, and circuit is simple, with low cost, but it is indifferent to wear barrier, is applicable to outdoor or spacious space.

The present invention has two kinds of mode of operations:

The one, the unidirectional signal that sends of locator, hotspot receives signal and confirms position, and this is the poor simple model of precision; The 2nd, locator and hotspot both-way communication, the difference of the signal strength signal intensity of a plurality of hotspot perceptual positioning devices, realize multipoint positioning, this is the accurate pattern that precision is higher.The present invention adopts the positioning signal source of weak power, button cell can meet power demands, and coverage is set as 20-150m, gives full play to low bandwidth, short distance, the simple characteristics of power supply, when keeping appropriate accuracy, reach very high cost performance and ease for use.

In order to realize the monitoring management based on location, the present invention combines hotspot and camera, hotspot and camera fit together, they all are connected on a processor by data wire, processor is responsible for marshalling, is sent camera data, the transmission locating information, complete location and the dual-use function of monitoring.Thus, camera, hotspot and processor form a positioning unit.In design, positioning unit need to be guaranteed the basic covering to community, guarantees not have dead angle.In order to increase precision, can increase part hotspot independently in system, improve positioning precision in the mode of multipoint positioning.Positioning unit can utilize the available data line of camera system, and to server transmission locating information, and the instruction of reception server takes pictures separately, realizes the unification of location and monitoring.

The communication distance of hotspot is limited, locate successfully with take pictures after, locator data and view data can't directly be transferred to Surveillance center.Due to camera system all by the data wire transmit image data, each camera has data wire to connect, the present invention utilizes the data wire transmission locating information of camera, after locating successfully, position shows on the software interface of Surveillance center, and system is determined the monitoring range of target person at which camera immediately, if need to take pictures, can manually send instruction, the instruction camera stops video recording, changes into and captures multiple high definition photos.After the server of photo passback Surveillance center, under the particular category be stored in.The present invention allows authorized user access services device, send the instruction of oneself, the specific camera of instruction is taken pictures, and photo is returned to this catalogue, the user can call photo from this catalogue, data send to user's handheld terminal by GPRS/3G/4G or cable broadband, the user can see these photos in real time.

Thus, a location and the safety-protection system of making a video recording and combining closely have been constructed by the wisdom community, and this system can be located in real time to target, realize the shooting interlock, allow authorized user to send instruction to camera, and photo are sent to user's handheld terminal.As can be seen here, the present invention is the safety-protection system of a kind of opening, wisdom, with traditional, video monitoring system sealing, essential distinction is arranged, and significantly promotes the security protection grade, has greatly enriched the experience of wisdom community.

(4) accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is illustrated, Fig. 1 is location of the present invention/picture pick-up device schematic diagram, and Fig. 2 is system architecture diagram of the present invention, and Fig. 3 is fundamental diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 1 has illustrated positioning equipment and camera are how to realize that data are connected also co-ordination.Hotspot 1 forms integration apparatus with camera 3, and they connect processor 2 by data wire respectively, form positioning unit 6.Locator 4 is portable communications modules, by target person, carried, locator 4 can be through the coverage of a plurality of hotspot in moving process, in any one hotspot range, locator 4 all can regularly outwards send the wireless signal of weak power, after hotspot 1 receives wireless signal, identification locator 4, realize Wireless Networking automatically.After hotspot 1 identification locator 4, to confirm that real-time data transmission is to processor 2, processor 2 utilizes the existing data wire of camera 1, confirming the server 5 of transfer of data to control centre, locating information can be presented on the corresponding software interface, realizes wireless location.The positioning unit consisted of hotspot, camera and processor is integrated, in the time of system validation locator position, also confirmed to approach most the camera of locator, server 5 can send the instruction of capturing photo, issue processor 2 by the camera data line, processor 2 instruction camera 3 work, and photo is returned to server 5, thus realize location and the real-time interlock of making a video recording.

Fig. 2 has illustrated System Working Principle of the present invention.The quantity of positioning unit 6 determines according to positioning precision and monitoring grade, and the amount doesn't matter, the quantity of positioning unit 6 is more, monitors dead angle fewer, and positioning precision is higher.Data wire 7 is that the standard of camera is equipped with, and its purpose is transmitting video data originally, and system is utilized data wire 7 transmission locating information and control commands, has effectively made up the short defect of wireless communication distance, has solved the difficult problem of locating information real-time update.System is each positioning unit 6 configuration independent IP address, after server 5 receives the locating information of certain positioning unit 6, can determine immediately the geographical position of this positioning unit.System allows handheld terminal 8 access services devices 5, by server 5, to specific positioning unit 6, sends instruction, grabs and takes several photo and photo is sent it back to handheld terminal 8, is convenient to authorized user and participates in security protection work, forms open safety-protection system.This open system is very valuable to the user, and the user can locate household or the automobile of oneself, takes real-time photo, confirms security situation.

How the system that illustrated Fig. 3 realizes location and the function of making a video recording.The communication radius that positioner designs is suitable, radius is set in the interval of 10~150 meters, and positioning unit 6 is not made response to extraneous wireless signal, thus, forms between a plurality of positioning areas 10 in zone, and they are uniformly distributed, and guarantee the basic covering to zone.Can increase part in system containing the hotspot 1 of camera, also form between positioning area 10, a plurality of hotspot perceptual positioning device signals, realize that multipoint positioning is to improve positioning precision.Independently hotspot 1 connects with data wire nearby, if be inconvenient to lay data wire, they can carry out wireless telecommunications with contiguous positioning unit 6, by positioning unit 6 relay forwarding locating information.Target person 9 carries locator, under target person's inactive state, all the time in the scope between certain positioning area, in moving process, can be switched between another positioning area between a positioning area, positioning unit 6 locator that identification target person 9 carries automatically, can realize the location to target person.Locating information is transferred to server 5 by data wire 7, is presented on monitoring screen.

Fig. 3 is also one embodiment of the present of invention.Before entering guarded region, each automobile 9 is allotted a locator, passes through one by one between positioning area 10 during start, and system realizes running fix.After automobile parking, finally between that positioning area, confirm vehicle location, send it back server 5.It is longer that the car owner leaves the automobile time, wishes to understand the real time information of automobile, can use handheld terminal access services device 5, sends instruction and obtain one group of photo between last that positioning area, thereby see the situation of parking of automobile.Same principle also is applicable to personnel positioning, and each personnel carries a locator, and between positioning area, movement or the inactive state of identification locator, realize the location to personnel.Personnel positioning is convenient to monitor external personnel's whereabouts, and the household position in definite area, be the important feature of wisdom safety-protection system.

(5) beneficial effect

The present invention is the wireless positioning monitoring system of novel concept, is specially adapted to the security protection setting of wisdom community, and system has distinct opening and reliability.Realize that location and the height of monitoring link, located and got final product video tracking, be beneficial to very much high-grade Safety fortification, the wisdom community that greatly enriches the user is experienced, and demonstrates the scientific and technological characteristic of intelligent management.Network size of the present invention is moderate, and cost is low, and positioning precision is suitable, and automaticity is high, allows handheld terminal to carry out labor management, is desirable intelligent monitoring system.

Claims (9)

1. wisdom Community Watch and the camera system based on wireless network location, location, shooting and safeguard management for the personnel/vehicle in district, it is characterized in that adopting wireless location technology, the pattern that arranges with reference to the honeycomb fashion cellular base station, arrange a plurality of hotspot in community, these hotspot and existing monitoring camera are realized integrated.
2. wireless positioning monitoring system according to claim 1, is characterized in that hotspot (1) and camera (3) form integration apparatus, and they connect processor (2) by data wire respectively, form positioning unit (6).
3. wireless positioning monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that locator (4) is the portable communications module, can regularly outwards send the wireless signal of weak power, after hotspot (1) receives wireless signal, automatically identification locator (4), realize Wireless Networking.
4. wireless positioning monitoring system according to claim 1, after it is characterized in that hotspot (1) identification locator (4), to confirm that real-time data transmission is to processor (2), processor (2) utilizes the existing data wire of camera (1), confirming the server (5) of transfer of data to control centre, locating information can be presented on the corresponding software interface, realizes wireless location.
5. wireless positioning monitoring system according to claim 1, when it is characterized in that system validation locator position, also confirmed to approach most the camera of locator, server (5) can send the instruction of capturing photo, issue processor (2) by the camera data line, processor (2) instruction camera (3) work, and photo is returned to server (5), thus realize location and the real-time interlock of making a video recording.
6. wireless positioning monitoring system according to claim 1, the quantity that it is characterized in that positioning unit (6) determines according to positioning precision and monitoring grade, and the amount doesn't matter, the quantity of positioning unit (6) is more, the monitoring dead angle is fewer, and positioning precision is higher.
7. wireless positioning monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the communication radius that positioner designs is suitable, radius is set in the interval of 10~150 meters, positioning unit (6) is not made response to extraneous wireless signal, thus, in zone, form between a plurality of positioning areas (10), they are uniformly distributed, and guarantee the basic covering to zone.
8. wireless positioning monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in system increasing part and do not contain the hotspot (1) of camera, also form (10) between positioning area, a plurality of hotspot perceptual positioning device signals, realize that multipoint positioning is to improve positioning precision.
9. wireless positioning monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that independently hotspot (1) connects with data wire nearby, if be inconvenient to lay data wire, they can carry out wireless telecommunications with contiguous positioning unit (6), by positioning unit (6) relay forwarding locating information.
CN201310463800.2A 2013-10-08 2013-10-08 Wireless locating and monitoring system of intelligent community CN103491352A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105050044A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-11-11 福建星网锐捷通讯股份有限公司 Positioning query system of building talk-back network and method thereof
CN105068491A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-18 湖南城市学院 Intelligent control device used for security and night patrol monitoring of large-scale community
CN105407333A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-03-16 江苏鸿信系统集成有限公司 Monitoring device and monitoring method based on GPS (Global Position System) module communication and image acquisition
CN105554457A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-04 中原智慧城市设计研究院有限公司 Beidou positioning-based intelligent community surveillance and camera system
CN105721832A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-29 青岛安然物联网科技有限公司 Node linkage working method based on zigbee wireless network
WO2017015852A1 (en) * 2015-07-28 2017-02-02 深圳市润安科技发展有限公司 Method and device for managing foreign vehicle in special workplace
CN107588766A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-01-16 南京轩世琪源软件科技有限公司 A kind of indoor orientation method based on radio area network
CN107888877A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-06 毛国强 The method and its system of car tracing and acquisition of road traffic information

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CN101681549A (en) * 2008-03-11 2010-03-24 松下电器产业株式会社 Tag sensor system and sensor device, and object position estimating device and object position estimating method
US20110069173A1 (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-03-24 Verint Systems Ltd. System and method for automatic camera hand-off using location measurements
CN102667518A (en) * 2009-12-08 2012-09-12 真实定位公司 Multi-sensor location and identification
CN103338350A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-10-02 郭亚晋 Construction Transportation Safety Supervision System

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CN101681549A (en) * 2008-03-11 2010-03-24 松下电器产业株式会社 Tag sensor system and sensor device, and object position estimating device and object position estimating method
US20110069173A1 (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-03-24 Verint Systems Ltd. System and method for automatic camera hand-off using location measurements
CN102667518A (en) * 2009-12-08 2012-09-12 真实定位公司 Multi-sensor location and identification
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105050044A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-11-11 福建星网锐捷通讯股份有限公司 Positioning query system of building talk-back network and method thereof
CN105068491A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-18 湖南城市学院 Intelligent control device used for security and night patrol monitoring of large-scale community
CN105068491B (en) * 2015-07-16 2018-01-09 湖南城市学院 A kind of intelligent controlling device monitored for large-scale community security protection and night watching
WO2017015852A1 (en) * 2015-07-28 2017-02-02 深圳市润安科技发展有限公司 Method and device for managing foreign vehicle in special workplace
CN105554457A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-04 中原智慧城市设计研究院有限公司 Beidou positioning-based intelligent community surveillance and camera system
CN105407333A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-03-16 江苏鸿信系统集成有限公司 Monitoring device and monitoring method based on GPS (Global Position System) module communication and image acquisition
CN105721832A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-29 青岛安然物联网科技有限公司 Node linkage working method based on zigbee wireless network
CN107588766A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-01-16 南京轩世琪源软件科技有限公司 A kind of indoor orientation method based on radio area network
CN107888877A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-06 毛国强 The method and its system of car tracing and acquisition of road traffic information

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