CN103482516A - Towing winch - Google Patents

Towing winch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103482516A
CN103482516A CN201310447912.9A CN201310447912A CN103482516A CN 103482516 A CN103482516 A CN 103482516A CN 201310447912 A CN201310447912 A CN 201310447912A CN 103482516 A CN103482516 A CN 103482516A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screw
rotating shaft
screw rod
guide roller
brake band
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201310447912.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103482516B (en
Inventor
贺波
叶志坚
干卓君
支交平
陈海涌
徐晓
吴雪平
张国锐
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Ningbo Jessn Ocean Development Co Ltd
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Ningbo Jessn Ocean Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310447912.9A priority Critical patent/CN103482516B/en
Publication of CN103482516A publication Critical patent/CN103482516A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103482516B publication Critical patent/CN103482516B/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a towing winch which comprises a wire arranging device. The upper end of a first rotary shaft of the wire arranging device is rotatably connected with a frame while the lower end of the same is detachably connected with the frame, a jacking device is arranged below a brake belt and comprises a first support, a pulley is arranged on the first support, a pull rod of the brake belt comprises connecting portions on two sides, second threaded holes and third threaded holes opposite to one another and opposite in thread direction are formed in the two connecting portions, third screws are arranged in the second threaded holes and the third threaded holes, and threads on two sides of the third screws are opposite in direction. The upper end of the first rotary shaft of a wire guide wheel is rotatably connected with the frame, so that the first rotary shaft cannot fall down when rotation is needed, a wire can be safely put in or taken out of a wire passing hole, and only one person is needed to push the first rotary shaft to rotate for operation; when the brake belt is about to loosen, the lower side of the brake belt can contact with the jacking device, so that the upper side of the brake belt can quickly be broken away from a drum; the length of the pull rod can be adjusted through the third screws, so that mounting requirements of the brake belt are guaranteed.

Description

A kind of towing winch
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of marine equipment, a kind of towing winch particularly, for reeling or emitting hawser.
Background technology
Towing winch is a kind of marine equipment, when ship pulls in to shore and leave, uses, and general towing winch comprises HM Hydraulic Motor, cylinder, bus cable device and brake equipment.
Bus cable device comprises support, reverse-flighted screw, guide roller, the parts such as pilot bar, cylinder and guide roller adopt chain to be in transmission connection, described guide roller comprises base and guide part, described reverse-flighted screw and described pilot bar are through the base of described guide roller, described reverse-flighted screw is parallel with described pilot bar, when reverse-flighted screw rotates, described guide roller can move around along the radial direction of reverse-flighted screw and pilot bar, described guide part is comprised of framework and two rotating shafts that are arranged in described framework, described framework and described two rotating shafts surround threading hole, rope is wound on described cylinder through described threading hole one end, the other end is working end, can be connected on the bank or connect fishing net etc., the guide roller of this structure must rope end through the threading hole rope, could from threading hole, take out.
For convenient, rope is taken out to threading hole, bottom and the framework of one of them rotating shaft of wire portion of some guide roller are rotationally connected, upper end and framework removably connect, at needs, rope taken out like this or one of them rotating shaft can be fallen down while putting into three-way rope hole, then rope is put into to threading hole, forward this rotating shaft to original position again and fix, so just rope can easily be put into to threading hole or take out threading hole.
And what for large-scale towing winch, generally all configure is a guide roller that rotating shaft can be fallen down wherein, but because the rotating shaft of this guide roller is also larger, weight reaches 100 kilograms of left and right, and position is higher, safety when therefore needing three or four people simultaneously to operate this guide roller use of guarantee, so waste of manpower very, and operating speed is slow.
The brake equipment of existing winch is generally brake band, and the operation of existing brake band generally all relies on manpower to strain and discharges cylinder.There is following problem in this structure: brake is by manual operation, realize the braking to cylinder by the speed of artificial hand screw rod and workman's strength, the size of workman's strength and the speed of hand screw rod can not meet the working condition requirement of large load ship machinery usually, and workman's danger in hand screw rod is very large, easily causes safety misadventure.
In order to improve the braking of safety and the large-scale winch of adaptation, the brake band of a lot of large-scale winches all adopts hydraulic actuating cylinder to drive, generally by the flexible of hydraulic actuating cylinder, drive the tension of brake band and unclamp, after the long-time use of brake band, the screen resilience variation of brake band, when brake band unclamps, due to the effect of brake band self gravitation, cylinder has been unclamped in the below of brake band, and the top of brake band is still held cylinder tightly, makes cylinder be difficult to rotate.
The production precision out of reach designing requirement of general brake band, or brake band is long-term use after because of reason out of reach operatings needs such as wearing and tearing, can make the brake band brake speed slow.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the prior art deficiency, a kind of towing winch is provided, this towing winch can facilitate in the threading hole of guide roller puts into and takes out rope, comparatively labour-saving is operated guide roller, still can unclamp cylinder by fast speed at the long-time wire wheel back-braking structure that uses, and can Quick brake when brake.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention is solved by following technical proposals: a kind of towing winch, comprise bus cable device, described bus cable device comprises reverse-flighted screw, guide roller, pilot bar, described guide roller comprises base and guide part, described reverse-flighted screw and described pilot bar are through the base of described guide roller, described reverse-flighted screw is parallel with described pilot bar, described guide part is comprised of framework and the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft that are arranged in described framework, described framework and described the first rotating shaft, described the second rotating shaft surrounds threading hole, described bus cable device rear side cylinder, described cylinder arranged outside has brake band, described the first rotating shaft upper end and described framework are rotationally connected, described the first rotating shaft lower end and described framework removably connect, described brake band below is provided with jacking system, described jacking system comprises the first support, be provided with pulley on described the first support, the pull bar of described brake band comprises the connecting portion of both sides, be provided with the second screw that relative hand of spiral is contrary on two described connecting portions, the 3rd screw, be provided with the 3rd screw rod in described the second screw and the 3rd screw, the hand of spiral on described the 3rd screw rod both sides is contrary.The first rotating shaft upper end and the framework of guide roller are rotationally connected, the first rotating shaft just can not fallen down when needs rotate, safety not only when rope need to be put into or take out threading hole like this, and people just can promote the first rotating shaft and rotates and operated, when brake band will unclamp brake band below can encounter jacking system make brake band above can break away from cylinder soon, prevent from being difficult to break away from because the self gravitation impact makes the brake band top be close to cylinder, pulley is set and reduces the friction between jacking system and brake band, reduce wear, length that can adjusting yoke by the 3rd screw rod, thereby guarantee the installation requirement of brake band, can reach by the length that shortens pull bar the purpose of Quick brake after long-term the use.
In technique scheme, preferred, described guide roller also includes wire twisting machine, on described wire twisting machine, is provided with rope, and described rope one end is connected to described the first rotating shaft lower end, and the other end is set around on described wire twisting machine.Wire twisting machine is set on guide roller, makes the rotation of the first rotating shaft to control by the rotation of wire twisting machine, make the rotation of the first rotating shaft more laborsaving, and can reduce the operation height.
In technique scheme, preferred, also be provided with some fixed pulleys on described guide roller, the rope on described wire twisting machine is walked around some described fixed pulleys, adopts fixed pulley to adjust the direction of rope, prevents that rope from blocking or abrasion on guide roller.
In technique scheme, preferred, described wire twisting machine is manual gear deceleration wire twisting machine, adopts manual gear deceleration wire twisting machine with low cost, and more laborsaving.
In technique scheme, preferred, described jacking system also includes the second support, and described the second support upper end is provided with jacking block.More reliable and stable when jacking block being set making brake band jack-up.Jacking block is set also for by brake band jack-up, and coordinates and make it more to stablize with pulley.
In technique scheme, preferred, be provided with through hole on described the first support, described pulley is connected with the first screw rod, and described the first screw rod is inserted in described through hole, respectively is provided with a nut on the first screw rod of described through hole both sides.Adopt this structure to make the height of pulley to regulate, by two nut rotations, the height of pulley is regulated.
In technique scheme, preferred, the straight line at described the first screw rod place is through the rotating shaft of described cylinder.Make like this jack-up better effects if of jacking system
In technique scheme, preferred, described the second support upper end is provided with the second screw rod, and described jacking block bottom is provided with the first screw, and described the first screw coordinates with described the second screw rod.Make the height of jacking block to regulate.
The present invention compared with prior art, have following beneficial effect: the first rotating shaft upper end and the framework of guide roller of the present invention are rotationally connected, the first rotating shaft just can not fallen down when needs rotate, safety not only when rope need to be put into or take out threading hole like this, and people just can promote the first rotating shaft and rotates and operated, when brake band will unclamp brake band below can encounter jacking system make brake band above can break away from cylinder soon, prevent from being difficult to break away from because the self gravitation impact makes the brake band top be close to cylinder, pulley is set and reduces the friction between jacking system and brake band, reduce wear, length that can adjusting yoke by the 3rd screw rod, thereby guarantee the installation requirement of brake band, can reach by the length that shortens pull bar the purpose of Quick brake after long-term the use.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The front view that Fig. 1 is embodiment of the present invention bus cable device.
Left view when Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention the first rotating shaft rotation.
The structural representation that Fig. 3 is the embodiment of the present invention.
The structural representation that Fig. 4 is the first support.
The structural representation that Fig. 5 is the second support.
The partial enlarged drawing that Fig. 6 is Fig. 3.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail: referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, a kind of towing winch, comprise bus cable device, described bus cable device comprises reverse-flighted screw 1, guide roller 2, pilot bar 3, described guide roller 2 comprises base 4 and guide part 5, described reverse-flighted screw 1 and described pilot bar 3 are through the base 4 of described guide roller 2, described reverse-flighted screw 1 is parallel with described pilot bar 3, described guide part 5 is comprised of framework 51 and the first rotating shaft 52 and the second rotating shafts 53 that are arranged in described framework 51, described framework 51 and described the first rotating shaft 52, described the second rotating shaft 53 surrounds threading hole 54, described bus cable device rear side cylinder 6, described cylinder 6 arranged outside have brake band 7, described the first rotating shaft 52 upper ends and described framework 51 are rotationally connected, described the first rotating shaft 52 lower ends and described framework 51 removably connect, described brake band 7 belows are provided with jacking system 8, described jacking system 8 comprises the first support 9, be provided with pulley 91 on described the first support 9, the pull bar 71 of described brake band 7 comprises the connecting portion 72 of both sides, be provided with the second screw 73 that relative hand of spiral is contrary on two described connecting portions 72, the 3rd screw 74, be provided with the 3rd screw rod 75 in described the second screw 73 and the 3rd screw 74, the hand of spiral on described the 3rd screw rod 75 both sides is contrary.The first rotating shaft 52 upper ends and the framework 51 of guide roller 55 are rotationally connected, the first rotating shaft 52 just can not fallen down when needs rotate, safety not only when rope need to be put into or take out threading hole 54 like this, and people just can promote the first rotating shaft 52 and rotates and operated, when brake band 7 will unclamp brake band 7 below can encounter jacking system 8 make brake band 7 above can break away from cylinder 6 soon, prevent from being difficult to break away from because the self gravitation impact makes brake band 7 tops be close to cylinder 6, the friction that pulley 91 reduces between jacking system 8 and brake band 7 is set, reduce wear.
Described guide roller 2 also includes wire twisting machine 55, on described wire twisting machine 55, is provided with rope 56, and described rope 56 1 ends are connected to described the first rotating shaft 52 lower ends, and the other end is set around on described wire twisting machine 55.Wire twisting machine 55 is set on guide roller 2, makes the rotation of the first rotating shaft 52 to control by the rotation of wire twisting machine 55, make the rotation of the first rotating shaft 52 more laborsaving, and can reduce the operation height.
Also be provided with some fixed pulleys 57 on described guide roller 2, rope 56 on described wire twisting machine is walked around some described fixed pulleys 57, in the present embodiment, is provided with two fixed pulleys 57, adopt fixed pulley to adjust the direction of rope 56, prevent that rope 56 from blocking or abrasion on guide roller 2.
Described wire twisting machine 55 is manual gear deceleration wire twisting machine, adopt manual gear deceleration wire twisting machine with low cost, and can just be operated with manpower, the rotating operation of the first rotating shaft 52 is used also less after all, adopt automatic winch to control inconvenience, and cost is higher.
Due to this guide roller 2 originally in long-term use procedure due to the friction of rope, the reasons such as corrosion of seawater, make the erosion corrosion speed of base 4 very fast, therefore in order to protect base 4 to be fixedly installed a T shape wear-resistant block 58 below threading hole 54.
This kind of towing winch in use, the demountable structure of the first rotating shaft 52 lower ends and framework 51 is taken apart, then rotate wire twisting machine 55 and slowly the first rotating shaft 52 is pulled open to certain angle, rope is put into to threading hole 54 or taken out threading hole 54, then rotate wire twisting machine 55 the first rotating shaft 52 slowly is put back into to vertical position, the first rotating shaft 52 and framework 51 are fixed and get final product.
Described jacking system 8 also includes the second support 10, and described the second support 10 upper ends are provided with jacking block 101.More reliable and stable when jacking block 101 being set making brake band 7 jack-up.Jacking block 101 is set also for by brake band 7 jack-up, and coordinates and make it more to stablize with pulley 91.
Be provided with through hole 92 on described the first support 9, described pulley 91 is connected with the first screw rod 93, and described the first screw rod 93 is inserted in described through hole 92, on the first screw rod 93 of described through hole 92 both sides, respectively is provided with a nut 94.Adopt this structure to make the height of pulley 91 to regulate, by 94 rotations of two nuts, the height of pulley 91 is regulated.
The straight line at described the first screw rod 93 places is through the rotating shaft of described cylinder 6.Make like this jack-up better effects if of jacking system 8
Described the second support 10 upper ends are provided with the second screw rod 102, and described jacking block 101 bottoms are provided with the first screw 103, and described the first screw 103 coordinates with described the second screw rod 102.Make the height of jacking block 101 to regulate.
Production precision out of reach designing requirement due to brake band 7, perhaps brake band 7 is long-term use after because of reason out of reach operatings needs such as wearing and tearing, this just need to can regulate the degree of tightness of brake band 7, therefore in the present embodiment, the pull bar 71 of described brake band 7 comprises the connecting portion 72 of both sides, be provided with the second screw 73 that relative hand of spiral is contrary on two described connecting portions 72, the 3rd screw 74, be provided with the 3rd screw rod 75 in described the second screw 73 and the 3rd screw 74, the hand of spiral on described the 3rd screw rod 75 both sides is contrary, can regulate the stretch into amount of the 3rd screw rod 75 in connecting portion 72 by rotating the 3rd screw rod 75, realize the adjusting of pull bar 71 length, thereby make brake band 7 degrees of tightness to regulate.Be fixedly connected with the hexagonal nut 76 that facilitates the 3rd screw rod 75 to rotate on the 3rd screw rod 75.

Claims (8)

1. a towing winch, comprise bus cable device, described bus cable device comprises reverse-flighted screw (1), guide roller (2), pilot bar (3), described guide roller (2) comprises base (4) and guide part (5), described reverse-flighted screw (1) and described pilot bar (3) are through the base (4) of described guide roller (2), described reverse-flighted screw (1) is parallel with described pilot bar (3), described guide part (5) is comprised of framework (51) and the first rotating shaft (52) and the second rotating shaft (53) that are arranged in described framework (51), described framework (51) and described the first rotating shaft (52), described the second rotating shaft (53) surrounds threading hole (54), described bus cable device rear side is provided with cylinder (6), described cylinder (6) arranged outside has brake band (7), it is characterized in that: described the first rotating shaft (52) upper end and described framework (51) are rotationally connected, described the first rotating shaft (52) lower end and described framework (51) removably connect, described brake band (7) below is provided with jacking system (8), described jacking system (8) comprises the first support (9), be provided with pulley (91) on described the first support (9), the pull bar (71) of described brake band (7) comprises the connecting portion (72) of both sides, be provided with the second screw (73) that relative hand of spiral is contrary on two described connecting portions (72), the 3rd screw (74), be provided with the 3rd screw rod (75) in described the second screw (73) and the 3rd screw (74), the hand of spiral on described the 3rd screw rod (75) both sides is contrary.
2. a kind of towing winch as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guide roller (2) also includes wire twisting machine (55), be provided with rope (56) on described wire twisting machine (55), described rope (56) one ends are connected to described the first rotating shaft (52) lower end, and the other end is set around on described wire twisting machine (55).
3. a kind of towing winch as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: also be provided with some fixed pulleys (57) on described guide roller (2), the rope (56) on described wire twisting machine (55) is walked around some described fixed pulleys (57).
4. a kind of towing winch as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described wire twisting machine (55) is manual gear deceleration wire twisting machine.
5. a kind of towing winch as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described jacking system (8) also includes the second support (10), and described the second support (10) upper end is provided with jacking block (101).
6. a kind of towing winch as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with through hole (92) on described the first support (9), described pulley (91) is connected with the first screw rod (93), described the first screw rod (93) is inserted in described through hole (92), on first screw rod (93) of described through hole (92) both sides, respectively is provided with a nut (94).
7. a kind of towing winch as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: the rotating shaft of the straight line described cylinder of process (6) at described the first screw rod (93) place.
8. a kind of towing winch as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described the second support (10) upper end is provided with the second screw rod (102), described jacking block (101) bottom is provided with the first screw (103), and described the first screw (103) coordinates with described the second screw rod (102).
CN201310447912.9A 2013-09-27 2013-09-27 A kind of towing winch Active CN103482516B (en)

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CN103482516B CN103482516B (en) 2016-06-01

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108557674A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-09-21 浙江海洋大学 Winch for ship brake apparatus

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080132147A1 (en) * 2006-11-30 2008-06-05 Nidek Co., Ltd. Eyeglass lens processing system
CN201325579Y (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-10-14 宁波捷胜海洋开发有限公司 Rope-aligning device capable of falling of wire winch
CN202138979U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-02-08 淮安市万润通用机械有限公司 Brake band with lead screw adjusting device
CN202175530U (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-03-28 南通政田船舶机械有限公司 Brake screw device
CN202766193U (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-03-06 江苏新迈机械有限公司 Brake mechanism of winch
CN203582361U (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-05-07 宁波捷胜海洋开发有限公司 Towing winch

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080132147A1 (en) * 2006-11-30 2008-06-05 Nidek Co., Ltd. Eyeglass lens processing system
CN201325579Y (en) * 2008-12-23 2009-10-14 宁波捷胜海洋开发有限公司 Rope-aligning device capable of falling of wire winch
CN202175530U (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-03-28 南通政田船舶机械有限公司 Brake screw device
CN202138979U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-02-08 淮安市万润通用机械有限公司 Brake band with lead screw adjusting device
CN202766193U (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-03-06 江苏新迈机械有限公司 Brake mechanism of winch
CN203582361U (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-05-07 宁波捷胜海洋开发有限公司 Towing winch

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108557674A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-09-21 浙江海洋大学 Winch for ship brake apparatus

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Address after: 315806 No. 206 Tiantai Mountain Road, Beilun District, Zhejiang, Ningbo

Applicant after: Victory Marine Equipment Co Ltd

Address before: 315806 No. 206 Tiantai Mountain Road, Beilun District, Zhejiang, Ningbo

Applicant before: Ningbo Jessn Ocean Development Co., Ltd.

Address after: 315806 No. 206 Tiantai Mountain Road, Beilun District, Zhejiang, Ningbo

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