CN103481143A - Batch multi-surface stone material grinding method and stone grinding machine for implementing same - Google Patents

Batch multi-surface stone material grinding method and stone grinding machine for implementing same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103481143A
CN103481143A CN201310442627.8A CN201310442627A CN103481143A CN 103481143 A CN103481143 A CN 103481143A CN 201310442627 A CN201310442627 A CN 201310442627A CN 103481143 A CN103481143 A CN 103481143A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixture
stone
grinding
finished
workbench
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CN201310442627.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103481143B (en
Inventor
吕永昌
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浙江文瑞科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CN201310442627.8A priority Critical patent/CN103481143B/en
Publication of CN103481143A publication Critical patent/CN103481143A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/20Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground
    • B24B7/22Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground for grinding inorganic material, e.g. stone, ceramics, porcelain

Abstract

The invention discloses a batch multi-surface stone material grinding method. The batch multi-surface stone material grinding method includes placing a fixture on a flat plate, cushioning a gasket at the bottom of the fixture, flatly laying to-be-machined stone materials in the fixture at intervals, pouring adhesion agents into gaps among the to-be-machined stone materials and gaps among the stone materials and the fixture, enabling the to-be-machined stone materials to be fixedly integrally adhered with the fixture after the adhesion agents are cooled, positioning the fixture on a workbench by using the lower surface of the fixture as a reference surface, grinding the upper surfaces of the to-be-machined stone materials, turning the fixture over to grind the to-be-machined stone materials after the ground upper surfaces of the to-be-machined stone materials are flat, and grinding the to-be-machined stone materials to obtain semi-finished stone materials with identical thicknesses and parallel upper and lower surfaces; melting the adhesion agents, taking out the semi-finished stone materials, transversely overlapping the upper and lower surfaces of the semi-finished stone materials with one another, abutting the semi-finished stone materials to the inner side walls of the fixture, and pressing the semi-finished stone materials on one side of the fixture by the aid of screws; fixing the semi-finished stone materials, and grinding the left and right surfaces of the semi-finished stone materials to obtain finished stone materials which are of square structures.

Description

The stone mill of stone material batch multiaspect method for grinding and enforcement the method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of stone processing, especially a kind of stone mill for the irregular stone material batch multiaspect method for grinding of surface configuration and enforcement the method.
Background technology
The application of stone material is very extensive at present, but the plant equipment of carrying out grinding for stone material is comparatively backward, special a plurality of surfacings for the irregular stone material of surface configuration, because its shape, size differ, surface irregularity, therefore main difficult point is the batch positioning and clamping to stone material.At present can only single clamping for this processing of stone, the stone material after clamping is carried out to single grinding, because the clamping number is few, cause the efficiency of grinding low.And stone material is carried out to a plurality of grindings, and that wants multiple clamping exactly, the obvious like this error that can increase the stone material grinding, and such as the depth of parallelism, gauge, therefore not only working (machining) efficiency is low for current stone material, and production cost is high, the poor quality.
Summary of the invention
The present invention will solve the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, and the stone mill of a kind of stone material batch multiaspect method for grinding and enforcement the method is provided, and realizes batch clamping processing to stone material, has improved working (machining) efficiency and the quality of irregularly shaped stone material, reduces production costs.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: this stone material is the multiaspect method for grinding in batches, and the grinding step is as follows:
(1) at first fixture is placed on flat board, the frame structure that fixture is upper and lower opening, be lined with one deck pad in the bottom surface of fixture, by being laid in fixture of stone material to be processed interval, the height of fixture is less than the height of stone material to be processed, and the top and bottom of stone material to be processed are all protruded outside fixture;
(2) pour binding agent into toward the gap between gap, stone material and fixture between stone material to be processed, after binding agent is cooling, make stone material to be processed and fixture adhere into an integral body;
(3) upper and lower surface of fixture is the plane be parallel to each other, the lower surface of fixture of take is positioned on workbench as datum level, workbench is provided with the cushion block of support fixture, make the stone material to be processed bottom surface in fixture unsettled, and be lined with soft backing plate between workbench and stone material to be processed, treat the processing stone material upper surface and carry out grinding, after stone material upper surface to be processed polishes by fixture conversely, the upper surface of fixture of take is positioned on the cushion block of workbench as datum level, to the grinding of stone material lower surface, obtain the semi-finished product stone material that thickness is identical, upper and lower surface is parallel after grinding;
(4) mode by heating melts the binding agent in fixture, take out the semi-finished product stone material, by the upper and lower surface lateral stacking of semi-finished product stone material together, the semi-finished product stone material is put into fixture and is leaned against the madial wall of fixture, the fixture madial wall is mutually vertical with the upper and lower surface of fixture, screw in compression semi-finished product stone material for a side of fixture;
(5) after fixing the semi-finished product stone material, the upper and lower surface of fixture of take is positioned on workbench as datum level, and the surface, left and right of grinding semi-finished product stone material, obtains the finished product stone material of square structure.
In this grinding process, the fixture clamping is on stone mill, the fixture of having good positioning, like this according to the positioner designed between fixture and stone mill, the accurate location of assurance to stone material, stone material adopts binding agent and fixture to be fixed together, but binding agent adopts the material of heat fused, the depth of parallelism and thickness error after the grinding of stone material upper and lower surface is very little like this, then reorientate stone material according to these two surfaces, the size, the squareness that guarantee like this each face of stone material are all very accurate, have guaranteed the quality of stone material.And adopt this mode, and solving the mode of production of stone material grinding handwork for a long time, mechanization degree is high, has realized the batch grinding of stone material, has improved production efficiency.
Wherein binding agent is comprised of following component according to weight: 50 parts~80 parts of rosin, 30 parts~50 parts of pitches, 10 parts~20 parts of tung oil.Because binding agent is applied the effect that need to reach heat fused, hardening by cooling bonding in the method, therefore mainly adopt rosin, the rosin fusing point is low, be solid at normal temperatures, bond effect is very good, adds pitch simultaneously, and the effect of pitch and rosin is close, and better to the bond effect of stone material, there is reinforced cementitious effect; And that tung oil has is dry cooling fast, bond effect is good, and the subsidiary effect of accelerating the binding agent bonding is enhanced productivity.
This enforcement stone material is the stone mill of multiaspect method for grinding in batches, comprise lathe bed, the rear end of lathe bed is provided with column, slidably connect on column and wave working head, and be provided with to drive on column and wave the elevating screw that working head slides up and down, the elevating screw lower end is arranged on lathe bed and is connected with the dwang that the driver upgrade screw mandrel rotates, and the outer end of dwang passes the lathe bed outer end and the lifting handwheel is installed; Wherein wave between working head and column bearing is installed, the outer end of waving working head is equipped with emery wheel and waves handle, and an end that waves working head is equipped with the motor that drives the emery wheel rotation; Its medial bed upper surface is provided with movable table, and the fixture of fixation workpiece is installed on movable table.Lathe bed is provided with slide rail, and wherein the stir yourself workbench is slidably mounted on slide rail, and in the outer end of workbench, flexible handle is installed.This reasonable in design, by elevating screw, be arranged on column, elevating screw connects by dwang and extend out to the lathe bed front end, and operating personnel get final product the lifting of easy operation emery wheel and wave before lathe bed, control the movement of workbench simultaneously, realize the batch grinding to stone material.
Wherein fixture is square frame structure, the front end of fixture is provided with a row and penetrates the screw in fixture, wherein the front and back end of fixture is respectively equipped with fixed edge, have draw-in groove on fixed edge, wherein movable table is provided with the eyelet bolt be connected in draw-in groove, one end of eyelet bolt is rotatably connected on movable table, the eyelet bolt nut that has been threaded.Be convenient to like this by stone material be fixed in fixture, mould is fixed on workbench, easy for installation fast, improve working (machining) efficiency.
The effect that the present invention is useful is: the present invention realizes that effects on surface stone material in irregular shape carries out batch and is fixed in fixture, realization is to the stone material batch machining, this fixed form is not limited to shape, size and the surface irregularity of stone material, fixing simple, improved the working (machining) efficiency of stone material, and take fixture as origin reference location, and machining accuracy is high, and quality is good.Be equipped with the stone mill of being convenient to batch machining, quick to the fixture convenient fixing, the emery wheel process operation is easy simultaneously, and multiple directions are regulated, and realize rapid stock-removal.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that fixture of the present invention is placed on the dull and stereotyped upper structural representation that stone material to be processed is installed;
Fig. 2 is that fixture of the present invention is arranged on the structural representation on workbench;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of screw in compression semi-finished product stone material in fixture in the present invention;
The front view that Fig. 4 is stone mill of the present invention;
The top view that Fig. 5 is stone mill of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: lathe bed 1, column 2, elevating screw 3, wave working head 4, bearing 5, emery wheel 6, wave handle 7, motor 8, dwang 9, lifting handwheel 10, workbench 11, fixture 12, fixed edge 12-1, draw-in groove 12-2, flexible handle 13, slide rail 14, eyelet bolt 15, nut 16, stone material 17 to be processed, binding agent 18, screw 19, flat board 20, pad 21, cushion block 22, soft backing plate 23.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
This stone material is the multiaspect method for grinding in batches, and the grinding step is as follows:
As shown in Figure 1: (1) at first is placed on fixture 12 on dull and stereotyped 20, the frame structure that fixture 12 is upper and lower opening, be lined with one deck pad 21 in the bottom surface of fixture 12, by being laid in fixture 12 of stone material to be processed 17 intervals, the height of fixture 12 is less than the height of stone material 17 to be processed, and the top and bottom of stone material 17 to be processed are all protruded outside fixture 12;
(2) pour binding agent 18 into toward the gap between gap, stone material to be processed 17 and fixture 12 between stone material 17 to be processed, after binding agent 18 is cooling, make stone material 17 to be processed and fixture 12 adhere into an integral body;
As shown in Figure 2: the upper and lower surface of (3) fixture 12 is the plane be parallel to each other, the lower surface of fixture 12 of take is positioned on workbench 11 as datum level, workbench 11 is provided with the cushion block 22 of support fixture, make stone material to be processed 17 bottom surfaces in fixture 12 unsettled, and be lined with soft backing plate 23 between workbench 11 and stone material to be processed 17, treat processing stone material 17 upper surfaces and carry out grinding, after stone material 17 upper surfaces to be processed polish by fixture 12 conversely, the upper surface of fixture 12 of take is positioned on the cushion block 22 of workbench 11 as datum level, treat processing stone material 17 lower surface grindings, obtain thickness after grinding identical, the semi-finished product stone material that upper and lower surface is parallel,
As shown in Figure 3: melt the binding agent 17 in fixture 12 by the mode of heating (4), take out the semi-finished product stone material, by the upper and lower surface lateral stacking of semi-finished product stone material together, the semi-finished product stone material is put into fixture 12 and is leaned against the madial wall of fixture 12, fixture 12 madial walls are mutually vertical with the upper and lower surface of fixture 12, screw in compression semi-finished product stone material for a side of fixture 12;
(5) after fixing the semi-finished product stone material, the upper and lower surface of fixture 12 of take is positioned on workbench 11 as datum level, and the surface, left and right of grinding semi-finished product stone material, obtains the finished product stone material of square structure.
Wherein binding agent is comprised of following component according to weight: 50 parts~80 parts of rosin, 30 parts~50 parts of pitches, 10 parts~20 parts of tung oil.
As shown in accompanying drawing 4,5: this enforcement stone material is the stone mill of multiaspect method for grinding in batches, comprise lathe bed 1, the rear end of lathe bed 1 is provided with column 2, slidably connect on column 2 and wave working head 4, and be provided with to drive on column 2 and wave the elevating screw 3 that working head 4 slides up and down, elevating screw 3 lower ends are arranged in lathe bed 1 and are connected with the dwang 9 that driver upgrade screw mandrel 3 rotates, and the outer end of dwang 9 passes lathe bed 1 outer end and lifting handwheel 10 is installed; Wherein wave between working head 4 and column 2 bearing 5 is installed, the outer end of waving working head 4 is equipped with emery wheel 6 and waves handle 7, and the inner of waving working head 4 is equipped with the motor 8 that drives emery wheel 6 rotations; Its medial bed 1 upper surface is provided with movable table 11, and the fixture 12 of fixation workpiece is installed on movable table 11.Lathe bed 1 is provided with slide rail 14, and wherein movable table 11 is slidably mounted on slide rail 14, and in the outer end of movable table 11, flexible handle 13 is installed.
Wherein fixture 12 is square frame structure, the front end of fixture 12 is provided with a row and penetrates the screw 14 in fixture 12, wherein the front and back end of fixture 12 is respectively equipped with fixed edge 12-1, have draw-in groove 12-2 on fixed edge 12-1, wherein movable table 11 is provided with the eyelet bolt 15 be connected in draw-in groove 12-2, one end of eyelet bolt 15 is rotatably connected on movable table 11, eyelet bolt 15 nut 16 that has been threaded.
Wherein eyelet bolt 15 is connected in the draw-in groove 12-2 of fixture 12, by fixture 12 location and installation on workbench 11, mobile the shifting one's position in workbench 11 front and back on lathe bed 1, and emery wheel 6 can be around column 2 left-right rotation by waving working head 4, realize that emery wheel 6 moves left and right to processing of stone the time, and the lifting of waving working head 4 is controlled in the rotation of elevating screw 3, rotate lifting handwheel 10 and make elevating screw 3 rotations, thereby emery wheel 6 is moved up and down, this mechanism operation is simply light, realize that all directions between emery wheel and stone material move, complete the large tracts of land grinding to stone material, high efficiency.
Although the present invention illustrates and describes by reference to preferred embodiment,, those skilled in the art should understand, and in the scope of claims, can do the various variation on form and details.

Claims (4)

1. stone material multiaspect method for grinding in batches, it is characterized in that: the grinding step is as follows:
(1) at first fixture is placed on flat board, the frame structure that fixture is upper and lower opening, be lined with one deck pad in the bottom surface of fixture, by being laid in fixture of stone material to be processed interval, the height of fixture is less than the height of stone material to be processed, and the top and bottom of stone material to be processed are all protruded outside fixture;
(2) pour binding agent into toward the gap between gap, stone material and fixture between stone material to be processed, after binding agent is cooling, make stone material to be processed and fixture adhere into an integral body;
(3) upper and lower surface of fixture is the plane be parallel to each other, the lower surface of fixture of take is positioned on workbench as datum level, workbench is provided with the cushion block of support fixture, make the stone material to be processed bottom surface in fixture unsettled, and be lined with soft backing plate between workbench and stone material to be processed, treat the processing stone material upper surface and carry out grinding, after stone material upper surface to be processed polishes, fixture is turned over, the upper surface of fixture of take is positioned on the cushion block of workbench as datum level, to the grinding of stone material lower surface, obtain the semi-finished product stone material that thickness is identical, upper and lower surface is parallel after grinding;
(4) mode by heating melts the binding agent in fixture, take out the semi-finished product stone material, by the upper and lower surface lateral stacking of semi-finished product stone material together, the semi-finished product stone material is put into fixture and is leaned against the madial wall of fixture, the fixture madial wall is mutually vertical with the upper and lower surface of fixture, screw in compression semi-finished product stone material for a side of fixture;
(5) after fixing the semi-finished product stone material, the upper and lower surface of fixture of take is positioned on workbench as datum level, and the surface, left and right of grinding semi-finished product stone material, obtains the finished product stone material of square structure.
2. stone material according to claim 1 multiaspect method for grinding in batches, it is characterized in that: described binding agent is comprised of following component according to weight: 50 parts~80 parts of rosin, 30 parts~50 parts of pitches, 10 parts~20 parts of tung oil.
3. one kind implements the claims the stone mill of multiaspect method for grinding in batches of stone material in 1, comprise lathe bed (1), it is characterized in that: the rear end of described lathe bed (1) is provided with column (2), slidably connect on column (2) and wave working head (4), and be provided with to drive on column (2) and wave the elevating screw (3) that working head (4) slides up and down, elevating screw (3) lower end is arranged in lathe bed (1) and is connected with the dwang (9) that driver upgrade screw mandrel (3) rotates, and the outer end of dwang (9) passes lathe bed (1) outer end and lifting handwheel (10) is installed; Described waving between working head (4) and column (2) is equipped with bearing (5), and the outer end of waving working head (4) is equipped with emery wheel (6) and waves handle (7), and an end that waves working head (4) is equipped with the motor (8) that drives emery wheel (6) rotation; Described lathe bed (1) upper surface is provided with workbench (11), the fixture (12) of fixation workpiece is installed on workbench (11), lathe bed (1) is provided with slide rail (14), it is upper that described workbench (11) is slidably mounted on slide rail (14), and in the outer end of workbench (11), flexible handle (13) is installed.
4. stone mill according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described fixture (12) is square frame structure, the front end of fixture (12) is provided with a row and penetrates the screw (14) in fixture (12), the front and back end of described fixture (12) is respectively equipped with fixed edge (12-1), have draw-in groove (12-2) on fixed edge (12-1), described workbench (11) is provided with the eyelet bolt (15) be connected in draw-in groove (12-2), it is upper that one end of eyelet bolt (15) is rotatably connected on workbench (11), eyelet bolt (15) nut (16) that has been threaded.
CN201310442627.8A 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Batch multi-surface stone material grinding method and stone grinding machine for implementing same CN103481143B (en)

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CN201310442627.8A CN103481143B (en) 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Batch multi-surface stone material grinding method and stone grinding machine for implementing same

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105081907A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-25 天下石仓(天津)有限公司 Novel rapid hole grinding machine for stone plates

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2127334Y (en) * 1992-08-11 1993-02-24 江苏省苏州非金属矿工业设计研究院 Cutter grinder for processing non-conventional type sides of stone
US5496206A (en) * 1994-11-14 1996-03-05 Young; Thomas D. Building block face enhancement apparatus
WO1998019301A1 (en) * 1996-10-28 1998-05-07 Hmt Technology Corporation Apparatus for polishing planar substrates between rotating plates
CN1253873A (en) * 1999-09-26 2000-05-24 戚道易 Method for processing shaped stone material and its equipment
CN201030500Y (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-03-05 厦门银联石业有限公司 Stone grinder
CN202411990U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-09-05 福建省南安市恒隆机械有限公司 Improved structure of automatic stone surface processing machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2127334Y (en) * 1992-08-11 1993-02-24 江苏省苏州非金属矿工业设计研究院 Cutter grinder for processing non-conventional type sides of stone
US5496206A (en) * 1994-11-14 1996-03-05 Young; Thomas D. Building block face enhancement apparatus
WO1998019301A1 (en) * 1996-10-28 1998-05-07 Hmt Technology Corporation Apparatus for polishing planar substrates between rotating plates
CN1253873A (en) * 1999-09-26 2000-05-24 戚道易 Method for processing shaped stone material and its equipment
CN201030500Y (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-03-05 厦门银联石业有限公司 Stone grinder
CN202411990U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-09-05 福建省南安市恒隆机械有限公司 Improved structure of automatic stone surface processing machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105081907A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-25 天下石仓(天津)有限公司 Novel rapid hole grinding machine for stone plates

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