CN103481053A - Engine cylinder liner press - Google Patents

Engine cylinder liner press Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103481053A
CN103481053A CN201310418142.5A CN201310418142A CN103481053A CN 103481053 A CN103481053 A CN 103481053A CN 201310418142 A CN201310418142 A CN 201310418142A CN 103481053 A CN103481053 A CN 103481053A
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
cylinder sleeve
sleeve
guide
steel ball
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Granted
Application number
CN201310418142.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103481053B (en
Inventor
刘祖朋
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Central service project of Jinhu County
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Changzhou Institute of Technology
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Publication of CN103481053A publication Critical patent/CN103481053A/en
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Publication of CN103481053B publication Critical patent/CN103481053B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/006Holding or positioning the article in front of the applying tool

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Automatic Assembly (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an engine cylinder liner press and belongs to the field of machinery. The engine cylinder liner press comprises a base, a top seat, a rear pillar, a front pillar, a cylinder liner feeding mechanism, a cylinder feeding mechanism, a cylinder liner head pressing device and a positioning and carrying device. The front of the base is connected with the front of the top seat through the front pillar. The rear portion of the base is connected with the rear portion of the top seat through the rear pillar, the cylinder liner head pressing device is arranged below the top seat and fixedly connected with the same. The cylinder liner feeding mechanism is mounted on the inner side of the rear pillar. The feeding portion of a cylinder liner feeder in the cylinder liner feeding mechanism is arranged right below the cylinder liner head pressing device. The cylinder feeding mechanism and the positioning and carrying device are arranged on the base. Full-automatic feeding of cylinder liners and cylinders is realized, and high-precision automatic positioning and high carrying capacity of the cylinders can be achieved.

Description

A kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant equipment field, more particularly, relate to a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine.
Background technology
The cylinder sleeve of engine cylinder-body is the vital part of engine, and during engine operation, piston moves reciprocatingly in cylinder, in order to improve the wearability in cast iron housing cylinder hole, is pressed into a thin-walled steel bushing in the cylinder hole.The thin-walled steel bushing hardness be pressed into is high, and surface quality is high, has very high wearability, has greatly improved the life-span of engine.But this thin-wall cylinder casing press-fits more difficult, press-fit and improperly will cause the cylinder sleeve bore gross distortion, cylinder sleeve is damaged by pressure, cause waste and affect the performance of engine.In addition, in the existing air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine course of work, mostly be manual operation, productivity ratio is low.
Through retrieval, as China Patent No. ZL201220301919.0, Granted publication day is on 01 09th, 2013, and invention and created name is: the assembling device of dry liner of diesel engine., this application case relates to a kind of assembling device of dry liner of diesel engine.This assembling device comprises: pressing machine, cylinder sleeve pressure head, cylinder sleeve fairlead and little raceway assembly; Wherein, pressing machine comprises: be positioned at the top hydraulic seat be connected with Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder and the horizontal base that is positioned at the hydraulic seat below; Little raceway assembly is arranged on base, and two ends are connected with the large raceway that transports cylinder block to be assembled respectively; The cylinder sleeve pressure head comprises: the hemisphere top that the stop lug at the adaptive plug inserted in lower end and cylinder jacket upper end, middle part and top and hydraulic seat compress; The cylinder sleeve fairlead is the multidiameter shape, and top small end and cylinder jacket lower end are adaptive inserts, and the cylinder hole of the large end in bottom and cylinder block to be assembled is adaptive inserts.The assembling device of this dry liner of diesel engine is simple and reasonable, by adopting pressing machine and raceway to transport to have improved, press-fits efficiency, but this application case Shortcomings part still: and 1, the cylinder sleeve pressure head can not automatic material taking, and easily makes cylinder sleeve lose circle; 2, the positioning precision of cylinder body has much room for improvement; Reckon without the stressed problem of raceway while 3, adopting raceway to transport, need to improve the bearing capacity of device.
Summary of the invention
1. the technical problem that invention will solve
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of cylinder jacket pressing machine in prior art, a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine is provided, adopt technical scheme of the present invention, can realize the full-automatic conveying of cylinder body, can realize the High Precision Automatic location to cylinder body simultaneously; Also can realize the fully automatic feeding of cylinder sleeve, in addition, can guarantee that when realizing automatic material taking cylinder sleeve can not lose circle, cylinder sleeve also can self-centering, guarantees that the pressure head body accurately is pressed into cylinder sleeve, guarantees that again cylinder sleeve accurately is pressed into cylinder body; Pressure changing in automatic feedback gland process in time, can Real-Time Monitoring, and then controls in real time.
2. technical scheme
For achieving the above object, technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, comprise base, footstock, rear column, front column, cylinder sleeve feed mechanism, cylinder body feed mechanism, cylinder sleeve indenter device and positioning carrier, the front portion of described base is connected with the front portion of footstock by front column; The rear portion of described base is connected with the rear portion of footstock by rear column; Described cylinder sleeve indenter device is located at the below of footstock, and is connected with footstock; Described cylinder sleeve feed mechanism is installed on the inboard of rear column, and in the cylinder sleeve feed mechanism material loading part of cylinder sleeve loader be positioned at the cylinder sleeve indenter device under; Described cylinder body feed mechanism and positioning carrier all are located on base; Wherein:
Described cylinder sleeve feed mechanism comprises side stand, moves horizontally frame, lift cylinder, vertical guide rail, horizontal guide rail, flat-removing air cyclinder and cylinder sleeve loader, and described side stand is positioned at the inboard of rear column, and is connected with rear column; Be fixed with the horizontal guide rail of horizontal positioned on described side stand; Be arranged with the frame that moves horizontally slided along its length on described horizontal guide rail; The described frame that moves horizontally is connected with the flat-removing air cyclinder of horizontal positioned by the first piston bar; The described inside that moves horizontally frame is fixed with the vertical guide rail of vertical placement; Be arranged with the cylinder sleeve loader slided along its length on described vertical guide rail; Described cylinder sleeve loader is connected with the lift cylinder of horizontal positioned by the second piston rod; Described lift cylinder is arranged on the upper side frame that moves horizontally frame;
Described cylinder body feed mechanism comprises roller-way, cylinder body lifting platform, lifting guide pillar and support casing, and an end and the base of described lifting guide pillar are connected mutually, and the other end is connected mutually with the cylinder body lifting platform; The lower end of described cylinder body lifting platform is fixed with two translation lifting mechanisms, and translation lifting mechanism is symmetricly set on the front and back position place of cylinder body lifting platform; The upper end of described cylinder body lifting platform is fixed with two support casings, and the support casing is symmetricly set on the front and back position place of cylinder body lifting platform; The inboard of described two support casings respectively is equipped with a roller-way; Described each roller-way all is connected with the rollgang motor by the chain transmission;
Described positioning carrier comprises guide plate support, locator bracket, alignment pin, rest pad, supporting base and lateral register device, the top of described two support casings respectively is provided with a side direction guide plate, and the side direction guide plate is connected by guide plate support and support casing; Described lateral register device is positioned at the below that moves horizontally frame; Described lateral register device passes and is positioned at the side guide plate that moves horizontally the frame below, and is connected by locator bracket and support casing; Described alignment pin has eight, and is symmetricly set on the below of two roller-ways; The below of described each alignment pin all is fixed with rest pad, and rest pad is installed on supporting base; Described supporting base is connected on base.
Further, described cylinder sleeve indenter device comprises cylinder sleeve, pressure head body, fairlead, cylinder piston rod, the axis of cone, guide pad, cylinder piston, adjustment screw seat, positioning cover plate and guide rod, and the bottom of the described axis of cone is connected with the adjustment screw seat through after guide pad; The side-walls of described adjustment screw seat is provided with symmetrically arranged back-moving spring, and this action of reset spring is on guide pad; The bottom of described guide pad is designed to inverted cone-shaped; The inside of described guide pad is provided with symmetrically arranged upper steel ball hole and symmetrically arranged lower steel ball hole; The steel ball that all is slidably installed in described each lower steel ball hole, and the steel ball at this place contacts with the taper seat of axis of cone bottom; The described steel ball that all is slidably installed in steel ball hole on each, and the steel ball at this place contacts with the taper seat of tapered sleeve, and this tapered sleeve is sheathed on the middle part of the axis of cone; The bottom of described tapered sleeve is positioned at guide pad, and its top is positioned at the pressure head body; The upper end of described tapered sleeve is provided with synchronisation spring;
The bottom of described pressure head body is the gland body, and the outside dimension of described gland body is consistent with the outside dimension of cylinder sleeve, and the outside dimension of the guide pad during with contraction state is consistent; Described gland body comprises bottom gland body, middle part gland body and top gland body; The top of the described axis of cone is connected with top gland body by cylinder piston through after the gland body of middle part; Be arranged with bottom gland body on one end of described middle part gland body; The side-walls of described bottom gland body is provided with symmetrically arranged back-moving spring, and this action of reset spring is on guide pad;
The top of described pressure head body is stop lug; The side-walls of described stop lug is provided with the first passage and the second passage; Described the first passage is connected with the cavity that is positioned at the cylinder piston bottom; Described the second passage is connected with the cavity that is positioned at cylinder piston top; One end of described cylinder piston rod is connected with the pressure head body by the oil cylinder piston of being located at stop lug inside through after positioning cover plate, and its other end is connected with fairlead; Be arranged with guide plate on described fairlead; Described guide rod one end is connected with the guide plate on being sheathed on fairlead, and its other end is connected mutually with positioning cover plate.
Further, the lower end of described oil cylinder piston is provided with pressure sensor, the first pad, large steel ball and the second pad successively; The upper end of described oil cylinder piston is provided with little steel ball.
Further, described translation lifting mechanism comprises bearing, rotating shaft, motor, fork and connecting plate, and the two ends of described rotating shaft are equipped with bearing; One end of described rotating shaft is connected with motor, and the other end is connected with an end of fork; The other end of described fork is connected with connecting plate by bearing pin; Described connecting plate is provided with the sliding tray of horizontal direction, and above-mentioned bearing pin is installed in sliding tray; Described connecting plate and cylinder body lifting platform are connected.
Further, described horizontal guide rail, vertical guide rail and lifting guide pillar all have two, and all symmetrical placements.
Further, described cylinder sleeve indenter device has four, and the symmetrical placement of horizontal direction.
3. beneficial effect
Adopt technical scheme provided by the invention, compare with existing known technology, there is following remarkable result:
(1) a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, it comprises the cylinder sleeve feed mechanism, can realize the fully automatic feeding of cylinder sleeve;
(2) a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, it comprises the cylinder body feed mechanism, can realize the full-automatic conveying of cylinder body;
(3) a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, its positioning carrier, adopt alignment pin, side direction guide plate and lateral register device, can realize the High Precision Automatic location to cylinder body;
(4) a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, its cylinder body feed mechanism and positioning carrier combine, and the mechanism that cylinder body is carried, cylinder body is located is united two into one, rational in infrastructure;
(4) a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, the front portion of its base is connected with the front portion of footstock by front column; The rear portion of base is connected with the rear portion of footstock by rear column, make front column and rear column only be subject to pulling force and not be subject to moment of flexure, and then the distortion of whole press is little;
(5) a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, it,, after cylinder body is carried and located end, utilizes translation lifting mechanism that roller-way is fallen, and makes the pressure support of gland on supporting base, has avoided the stressed of roller-way;
(6) a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, it comprises the cylinder sleeve indenter device, can guarantee that when realizing automatic material taking cylinder sleeve can not lose circle, and cylinder sleeve also can self-centering, guarantee that the pressure head body accurately is pressed into cylinder sleeve, guarantee that again cylinder sleeve accurately is pressed into cylinder body;
(7) a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, it has set up pressure sensor, the pressure changing in the timely automatic feedback gland process of energy, the energy Real-Time Monitoring, and then control in real time.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The front view that Fig. 1 is a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention;
The side view that Fig. 2 is a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention;
The main cutaway view that Fig. 3 is cylinder sleeve indenter device in the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram: 1, base; 2, cylinder body lifting platform; 3, roller-way; 4, side direction guide plate; 5, lateral register device; 6, cylinder sleeve loader; 7, cylinder sleeve indenter device; 8, front column; 9, footstock; 10, rear column; 11, flat-removing air cyclinder; 12, horizontal guide rail; 13, vertical guide rail; 14, lift cylinder; 15, move horizontally frame; 16, side stand; 17, alignment pin; 18, rest pad; 19, supporting base; 20, lifting guide pillar; 21, the second piston rod; 23, first piston bar; 24, translation lifting mechanism; 241, bearing; 242, rotating shaft; 243, fork; 244, connecting plate; 245, sliding tray; 25, fairlead; 26, guide rod; 27, positioning cover plate; 29, cylinder piston rod; 30, oil cylinder piston; 31, pressure sensor; 32, the first pad; 33, large steel ball; 34, the second pad; 35, the first passage; 36, the second passage; 37, cylinder piston; 38, cylinder sleeve; 40, pressure head body; 401, gland body; 402, stop lug; 41, tapered sleeve; 42, guide pad; 43, the axis of cone; 44, steel ball; 45, back-moving spring; 46, adjustment screw seat; 47, guide plate.
The specific embodiment
For further understanding content of the present invention, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
In conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present embodiment, comprise base 1, footstock 9, rear column 10, front column 8, cylinder sleeve feed mechanism, cylinder body feed mechanism, cylinder sleeve indenter device 7 and positioning carrier, the front portion of base 1 is connected with the front portion of footstock 9 by front column 8; The rear portion of base 1 is connected with the rear portion of footstock 9 by rear column 10, make 10 of front column 8 and rear columns be subject to pulling force and be not subject to moment of flexure, and then the distortion of whole pressing machine is little; Cylinder sleeve indenter device 7 is located at the below of footstock 9, and is connected with footstock 9, and in the present embodiment, cylinder sleeve indenter device 7 has four, and the symmetrical placement of horizontal direction; The cylinder sleeve feed mechanism is installed on the inboard of rear column 10, and in the cylinder sleeve feed mechanism material loading part of cylinder sleeve loader 6 be positioned at cylinder sleeve indenter device 7 under; Cylinder body feed mechanism and positioning carrier all are located on base 1; Wherein:
The cylinder sleeve feed mechanism comprises side stand 16, moves horizontally frame 15, lift cylinder 14, vertical guide rail 13, horizontal guide rail 12, flat-removing air cyclinder 11 and cylinder sleeve loader 6, and side stand 16 is positioned at the inboard of rear column 10, and is connected with rear column 10; Be fixed with the horizontal guide rail 12 of horizontal positioned on side stand 16; On horizontal guide rail 12, be arranged with along its length slide move horizontally frame 15; Moving horizontally frame 15 is connected with the flat-removing air cyclinder 11 of horizontal positioned by first piston bar 23; The inside that moves horizontally frame 15 is fixed with the vertical guide rail 13 of vertical placement; Be arranged with the cylinder sleeve loader 6 slided along its length on vertical guide rail 13; Described cylinder sleeve loader 6 is connected with the lift cylinder 14 of horizontal positioned by the second piston rod 21; Lift cylinder 14 is arranged on the upper side frame that moves horizontally frame 15, utilize flat-removing air cyclinder 11, horizontal guide rail 12 and first piston bar 23 with moving horizontally frame 15 and being connected, controllable levels movable stand 15 slides along horizontal guide rail 12, make cylinder sleeve loader 6 can be positioned at cylinder sleeve indenter device 7 under, the second piston rod 21 that utilizes vertical guide rail 13, lift cylinder 14 and be connected with cylinder sleeve loader 6, master cylinder cover loader 6 moves up and down along vertical guide rail 13, makes cylinder sleeve 38 energy automatic chargings;
Cylinder sleeve indenter device 7 comprises cylinder sleeve 38, pressure head body 40, fairlead 25, cylinder piston rod 29, the axis of cone 43, guide pad 42, cylinder piston 37, adjustment screw seat 46, positioning cover plate 27 and guide rod 26, and the bottom of the described axis of cone 43 is connected with adjustment screw seat 46 through after guide pad 42; The side-walls of adjustment screw seat 46 is provided with symmetrically arranged back-moving spring 45, and this back-moving spring 45 acts on guide pad 42; In order to have played the effect of guiding, guarantee that this device accurately is pressed into cylinder sleeve 38, also in order to reach the self-centering purpose of cylinder sleeve 38, realize the guiding location to the cylinder hole, guarantee that cylinder sleeve 38 accurately is pressed into cylinder body, the bottom of guide pad 42 is designed to inverted cone-shaped; The inside of guide pad 42 is provided with symmetrically arranged upper steel ball hole and symmetrically arranged lower steel ball hole; Each descends in steel ball hole the steel ball 44 that all is slidably installed, and the steel ball 44 at this place contacts with the taper seat of the axis of cone 43 bottoms; The steel ball 44 that all is slidably installed in steel ball hole on each, and the steel ball 44 at this place contacts with the taper seat of tapered sleeve 41, and this tapered sleeve 41 is sheathed on the middle part of the axis of cone 43; The bottom of tapered sleeve 41 is positioned at guide pad 42, and its top is positioned at pressure head body 40; The upper end of tapered sleeve 41 is provided with synchronisation spring 39; The bottom of pressure head body 40 is gland body 401, and the outside dimension of gland body 401 is consistent with the outside dimension of cylinder sleeve 38, and the outside dimension of the guide pad 42 during with contraction state is consistent, can guarantee that cylinder sleeve 38 can not lose circle; Gland body 401 comprises bottom gland body, middle part gland body and top gland body; The top of the axis of cone 43 is through being connected with top gland body by cylinder piston 37 after the gland body of middle part; Be arranged with bottom gland body on one end of middle part gland body; The side-walls of bottom gland body is provided with symmetrically arranged back-moving spring 45, and this back-moving spring 45 acts on guide pad 42; The top of pressure head body 40 is stop lug 402; The side-walls of stop lug 402 is provided with the first passage 35 and the second passage 36; The first passage 35 is connected with the cavity that is positioned at cylinder piston 37 bottoms; The second passage 36 is connected with the cavity that is positioned at cylinder piston 37 tops; One end of cylinder piston rod 29 is connected with pressure head body 40 by the oil cylinder piston 30 of being located at stop lug 402 inside through after positioning cover plate 27, and its other end is connected with fairlead 25; Wherein the lower end of oil cylinder piston 51 is provided with pressure sensor 31, the first pad 32, large steel ball 33 and the second pad 34 successively, sets up pressure sensor 31, the pressure changing in the timely automatic feedback gland process of energy, and the energy Real-Time Monitoring, and then control in real time; The upper end of oil cylinder piston 30 is provided with little steel ball 28, adopts little steel ball 28 and large steel ball 33, can make this device have certain floatability in horizontal plane, to adapt to the variation of cylinder hole site; Be arranged with guide plate 47 on fairlead 25; Guide rod 26 1 ends are connected with the guide plate 47 on being sheathed on fairlead 25, and its other end is connected mutually with positioning cover plate 27; Adopt cylinder sleeve indenter device 7, can guarantee that when realizing automatic material taking cylinder sleeve 38 can not lose circle, cylinder sleeve 38 also can self-centering, guarantees that the pressure head body accurately is pressed into cylinder sleeve 38, guarantees that again cylinder sleeve 38 accurately is pressed into cylinder body;
The cylinder body feed mechanism comprises roller-way 3, cylinder body lifting platform 2, lifting guide pillar 20 and support casing, and an end of lifting guide pillar 20 is connected mutually with base 1, and the other end is connected mutually with cylinder body lifting platform 2; The lower end of cylinder body lifting platform 2 is fixed with two translation lifting mechanisms 24, and translation lifting mechanism 24 is symmetricly set on the front and back position place of cylinder body lifting platform 2, wherein translation lifting mechanism 24 comprises bearing 241, rotating shaft 242, motor, fork 243 and connecting plate 244, and the two ends of rotating shaft 242 are equipped with bearing 241; One end of rotating shaft 242 is connected with motor, and the other end is connected with an end of fork 243; The other end of fork 243 is connected with connecting plate 244 by bearing pin; Connecting plate 244 is provided with the sliding tray 245 of horizontal direction, and above-mentioned bearing pin is installed in sliding tray 245; Connecting plate 244 is connected with cylinder body lifting platform 2; The upper end of cylinder body lifting platform 2 is fixed with two support casings, and the support casing is symmetricly set on the front and back position place of cylinder body lifting platform 2; The inboard of two support casings respectively is equipped with a roller-way 3; Each roller-way 3 all is connected with rollgang motor 22 by the chain transmission, utilizes translation lifting mechanism 24 and roller-way 3, realizes the automatic transport of cylinder body, and in addition, after cylinder body is positioned at accurate location, roller-way 3 can descend, and while avoiding gland, roller-way 3 is stressed;
Positioning carrier comprises guide plate support, locator bracket, alignment pin 17, rest pad 18, supporting base 19 and lateral register device 5, the top of two support casings respectively is provided with a side direction guide plate 4, and side direction guide plate 4 is connected by guide plate support and support casing; Lateral register device 5 is positioned at the below that moves horizontally frame 15; Lateral register device 5 passes and is positioned at the side guide plate 4 that moves horizontally frame 15 belows, and is connected by locator bracket and support casing; Described alignment pin 17 has eight, and is symmetricly set on the below of two roller-ways 3; The below of each alignment pin 17 all is fixed with rest pad 18, and rest pad 18 is installed on supporting base 19; Supporting base 19 is connected on base 1, adopts alignment pin 17, lateral register device 5 and side direction guide plate 4, can realize the High Precision Automatic location to cylinder body; In addition, utilize rest pad 18 and supporting base 19, make the pressure support of gland on supporting base 19, the bearing capacity grow; In addition, in order to move horizontally frame 15, cylinder sleeve loader 6 and cylinder body lifting platform 2, can steadily move, horizontal guide rail 12, vertical guide rail 13 and lifting guide pillar 20 all have two, and all symmetrical placements.
During use, utilize the cylinder sleeve feed mechanism by cylinder sleeve 38 to move forward to cylinder sleeve indenter device 7 under, and complete the automatic material taking to cylinder sleeve 38; Utilize the roller-way 3 in the cylinder body feed mechanism to make the cylinder body automatic transport, 17 pairs of cylinder bodies of alignment pin in the recycling positioning carrier position, after finish location, utilize the translation lifting mechanism 24 in the cylinder body feed mechanism, roller-way 3 is fallen, thereby make cylinder body pressure support when gland on supporting base 19, avoid the stressed of roller-way 3, thereby complete the automatic charging of cylinder body; Oil cylinder work makes cover have the cylinder sleeve indenter device 7 of cylinder sleeve 38 to be pressed in cylinder body, thereby completes the gland process.
A kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine of the present invention, can realize the full-automatic conveying of cylinder body, can realize the High Precision Automatic location to cylinder body simultaneously; Also can realize the fully automatic feeding of cylinder sleeve 38, in addition, can guarantee that when realizing automatic material taking cylinder sleeve 38 can not lose circle, cylinder sleeve 38 also can self-centering, guarantees that the pressure head body accurately is pressed into cylinder sleeve 38, guarantees that again cylinder sleeve 38 accurately is pressed into cylinder body; Pressure changing in automatic feedback gland process in time, can Real-Time Monitoring, and then controls in real time.
Below schematically the present invention and embodiment thereof are described, this description does not have restricted, and shown in accompanying drawing is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited to this.So, if those of ordinary skill in the art is enlightened by it, in the situation that do not break away from the invention aim, without the creationary frame mode similar to this technical scheme and the embodiment of designing, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. an air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine, comprise base (1), footstock (9), rear column (10) and front column (8), it is characterized in that: comprise cylinder sleeve feed mechanism, cylinder body feed mechanism, cylinder sleeve indenter device (7) and positioning carrier, the front portion of described base (1) is connected with the front portion of footstock (9) by front column (8); The rear portion of described base (1) is connected with the rear portion of footstock (9) by rear column (10); Described cylinder sleeve indenter device (7) is located at the below of footstock (9), and is connected with footstock (9); Described cylinder sleeve feed mechanism is installed on the inboard of rear column (10), and in the cylinder sleeve feed mechanism material loading part of cylinder sleeve loader (6) be positioned at cylinder sleeve indenter device (7) under; Described cylinder body feed mechanism and positioning carrier all are located on base (1); Wherein:
Described cylinder sleeve feed mechanism comprises side stand (16), moves horizontally frame (15), lift cylinder (14), vertical guide rail (13), horizontal guide rail (12), flat-removing air cyclinder (11) and cylinder sleeve loader (6), described side stand (16) is positioned at the inboard of rear column (10), and is connected with rear column (10); Be fixed with the horizontal guide rail (12) of horizontal positioned on described side stand (16); On described horizontal guide rail (12), be arranged with along its length slide move horizontally frame (15); The described frame (15) that moves horizontally is connected with the flat-removing air cyclinder (11) of horizontal positioned by first piston bar (23); The described inside that moves horizontally frame (15) is fixed with the vertical guide rail (13) of vertical placement; Be arranged with the cylinder sleeve loader (6) slided along its length on described vertical guide rail (13); Described cylinder sleeve loader (6) is connected with the lift cylinder (14) of horizontal positioned by the second piston rod (21); Described lift cylinder (14) is arranged on the upper side frame that moves horizontally frame (15);
Described cylinder body feed mechanism comprises roller-way (3), cylinder body lifting platform (2), lifting guide pillar (20) and support casing, and an end of described lifting guide pillar (20) is connected mutually with base (1), and the other end is connected mutually with cylinder body lifting platform (2); The lower end of described cylinder body lifting platform (2) is fixed with two translation lifting mechanisms (24), and translation lifting mechanism (24) is symmetricly set on the front and back position place of cylinder body lifting platform (2); The upper end of described cylinder body lifting platform (2) is fixed with two support casings, and the support casing is symmetricly set on the front and back position place of cylinder body lifting platform (2); The inboard of described two support casings respectively is equipped with a roller-way (3); Described each roller-way (3) all is connected with rollgang motor (22) by the chain transmission;
Described positioning carrier comprises guide plate support, locator bracket, alignment pin (17), rest pad (18), supporting base (19) and lateral register device (5), the top of described two support casings respectively is provided with a side direction guide plate (4), and side direction guide plate (4) is connected by guide plate support and support casing; Described lateral register device (5) is positioned at the below that moves horizontally frame (15); Described lateral register device (5) passes and is positioned at the side guide plate (4) that moves horizontally frame (15) below, and is connected by locator bracket and support casing; Described alignment pin (17) has eight, and is symmetricly set on the below of two roller-ways (3); The below of described each alignment pin (17) all is fixed with rest pad (18), and rest pad (18) is installed on supporting base (19); Described supporting base (19) is connected on base (1).
2. a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cylinder sleeve indenter device (7) comprises cylinder sleeve (38), pressure head body (40), fairlead (25), cylinder piston rod (29), the axis of cone (43), guide pad (42), cylinder piston (37), adjustment screw seat (46), positioning cover plate (27) and guide rod (26), and the bottom of the described axis of cone (43) is connected with adjustment screw seat (46) through after guide pad (42); The side-walls of described adjustment screw seat (46) is provided with symmetrically arranged back-moving spring (45), and this back-moving spring (45) acts on guide pad (42); The bottom of described guide pad (42) is designed to inverted cone-shaped; The inside of described guide pad (42) is provided with symmetrically arranged upper steel ball hole and symmetrically arranged lower steel ball hole; The steel ball (44) that all is slidably installed in described each lower steel ball hole, and the steel ball at this place (44) contacts with the taper seat of the axis of cone (43) bottom; The described steel ball (44) that all is slidably installed in steel ball hole on each, and the steel ball at this place (44) contacts with the taper seat of tapered sleeve (41), and this tapered sleeve (41) is sheathed on the middle part of the axis of cone (43); The bottom of described tapered sleeve (41) is positioned at guide pad (42), and its top is positioned at pressure head body (40); The upper end of described tapered sleeve (41) is provided with synchronisation spring (39);
The bottom of described pressure head body (40) is gland body (401), and the outside dimension of described gland body (401) is consistent with the outside dimension of cylinder sleeve (38), and the outside dimension of the guide pad (42) during with contraction state is consistent; Described gland body (401) comprises bottom gland body, middle part gland body and top gland body; The top of the described axis of cone (43) is through being connected with top gland body by cylinder piston (37) after the gland body of middle part; Be arranged with bottom gland body on one end of described middle part gland body; The side-walls of described bottom gland body is provided with symmetrically arranged back-moving spring (45), and this back-moving spring (45) acts on guide pad (42);
The top of described pressure head body (40) is stop lug (402); The side-walls of described stop lug (402) is provided with the first passage (35) and the second passage (36); Described the first passage (35) is connected with the cavity that is positioned at cylinder piston (37) bottom; Described the second passage (36) is connected with the cavity that is positioned at cylinder piston (37) top; One end of described cylinder piston rod (29) is through being connected with pressure head body (40) by being located at the inner oil cylinder piston (30) of stop lug (402) after positioning cover plate (27), and its other end is connected with fairlead (25); Be arranged with guide plate (47) on described fairlead (25); Described guide rod (26) one ends are connected with the guide plate (47) on being sheathed on fairlead (25), and its other end is connected mutually with positioning cover plate (27).
3. a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the lower end of described oil cylinder piston (51) is provided with pressure sensor (31), the first pad (32), large steel ball (33) and the second pad (34) successively; The upper end of described oil cylinder piston (30) is provided with little steel ball (28).
4. a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described translation lifting mechanism (24) comprises bearing (241), rotating shaft (242), motor, fork (243) and connecting plate (244), and the two ends of described rotating shaft (242) are equipped with bearing (241); One end of described rotating shaft (242) is connected with motor, and the other end is connected with an end of fork (243); The other end of described fork (243) is connected with connecting plate (244) by bearing pin; Described connecting plate (244) is provided with the sliding tray (245) of horizontal direction, and above-mentioned bearing pin is installed in sliding tray (245); Described connecting plate (244) is connected with cylinder body lifting platform (2).
5. a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described horizontal guide rail (12), vertical guide rail (13) and lifting guide pillar (20) all have two, and equal symmetrical placements.
6. a kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described cylinder sleeve indenter device (7) has four, and horizontal direction is symmetrical places.
CN201310418142.5A 2013-09-13 2013-09-13 A kind of air cylinder sleeve of engine pressing machine Active CN103481053B (en)

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CN106493544A (en) * 2016-12-10 2017-03-15 钱理 A kind of photovoltaic module is framed up equipment automatically
CN106826198A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-06-13 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Double-clutch automatic gearbox oil circuit cylinder sleeve assembles servicing unit
CN108406267A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-17 佛山诗勤智能科技有限公司 A kind of precision form manufacturing device
CN108406266A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-17 佛山诗勤智能科技有限公司 A kind of novel precise form fabrication device
CN108480963A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-09-04 佛山诗勤智能科技有限公司 A kind of modified precision form fabrication device
CN114734227A (en) * 2022-03-23 2022-07-12 宁波斯贝科技股份有限公司 Full-automatic cylinder liner side cover press-fitting machine

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CN114734227B (en) * 2022-03-23 2023-02-14 宁波斯贝科技股份有限公司 Full-automatic cylinder liner side cover press-fitting machine

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