CN103480074A - Trachea cannula fixing device - Google Patents

Trachea cannula fixing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103480074A
CN103480074A CN201310478983.5A CN201310478983A CN103480074A CN 103480074 A CN103480074 A CN 103480074A CN 201310478983 A CN201310478983 A CN 201310478983A CN 103480074 A CN103480074 A CN 103480074A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bite
fixator
fixed part
block
tracheal cannule
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201310478983.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103480074B (en
Inventor
王永刚
钟惠
熊洁
蔡丽
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王永刚
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Priority to CN201310478983.5A priority Critical patent/CN103480074B/en
Publication of CN103480074A publication Critical patent/CN103480074A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103480074B publication Critical patent/CN103480074B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention provides a trachea cannula fixing device, which comprises a dental pad, wherein the dental pad comprises an occlusion part and a cannula fixing part; the occlusion part is matched with teeth on one side of an oral cavity; the cannula fixing part is connected to the occlusion part, is positioned at one end of the occlusion part and projects towards an outer side; the cannula fixing part is provided with an axial through hole, and projects outwards; both sides of the occlusion part are connected with fixing bands; the dental pad is made of an elastic material. The trachea cannula fixing device has the advantages of simple structure, stable and reliable fixing way, small oral cavity occupation area and convenience in clearing excreta in the oral cavity; meanwhile, the trachea cannula fixing device is prevented from hurting the teeth of a patient, and is suitable for wide clinical application.

Description

Fixator for tracheal cannule
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of medical apparatus and instruments, especially relate to a kind of fixator for tracheal cannule.
Background technology
The fixing means of tracheal intubation is mainly two kinds of modes at present, and the first is to be bonded on the face with adhesive plaster, i.e. immobilization with adhesive tape method; The second is to adopt holder to fix.
First kind of way has following defect: 1, easily damage patient's skin, especially elderly patients or the patient of facial injury, facial edema is arranged; 2, fixed effect is limited, is applied in when high heat waits the patient with it and easily because of sweat, allows adhesive plaster lose being stained with property; While 3, carrying out mouth care, need two people to coordinate just and can carry out (people holds up pipe, one man operation), waste of manpower; 4, oral cavity is sealed by adhesive plaster, inconvenient clean-up port luminal sectetion thing; 5, repeatedly paste after endotracheal tube the stickup part glue that can cause endotracheal tube residual, above some oral secretions easily are trapped in, form bacteria culture media, cause the patient that the danger of infection is arranged.
Existing holder has laterally spiral and longitudinal spiral formula, and all there is following defect in these two kinds of modes: 1, bite-block is very hard, easily damages patient's front tooth; All need to take off when 2, carrying out mouth care at every turn, and need operated by two people just can carry out (people does mouth care, and it is anti-slip that a people helps tracheal intubation), waste of manpower; 3, take oral cavity section area excessive, inconvenient clean-up port luminal sectetion thing; 4, fixing band is adhesive type, fixing insecure, its friction that fixedly source of strength is two faces (binding face simultaneously is covered with barb, and one side is the fine hair face), and long-time use easily loses its function.
Summary of the invention
The present invention aims to provide a kind of fixator for tracheal cannule, and it is simple in structure, and fixed form is reliable and stable, takies the oral cavity area little, is convenient to clean-up port luminal sectetion thing, and the while is easy damaged patient tooth not.
Technical scheme of the present invention is a kind of fixator for tracheal cannule, comprise bite-block, described bite-block comprises bite and intubate fixed part, the tooth of described bite and oral cavity one side is suitable, the intubate fixed part is connected in bite, and is positioned at bite one end and protrudes laterally, and described intubate fixed part is provided with axially extending bore, the both sides that the intubate fixed part protrudes bite are connected with fixing band, and bite-block is elastomeric material.
Preferably, described intubate fixed part offers the breach of axial perforation away from an end of bite, and described breach is connected with through hole, and indentation, there is provided with the governor motion of regulating hole size, and described governor motion is preferably the bolt and nut governor motion.
Preferably, between described fixing band and intubate fixed part, by hook, be connected.
Preferably, described fixing band is the soft band of elasticity.
Preferably, the thickness of described bite is 5mm-20mm, and width is 8mm-40mm.
Preferably, the thickness of bite is 9mm-14mm, and width is 8mm-25mm.
Preferably, described through-hole diameter is 3mm-8.2mm.
Preferably, described bite-block bite is curved, and its front end contacts with front tooth, and rear end contacts with backteeth, and the front end width is less than the rear end width.
Preferably, the material of described bite-block is medical macromolecular materials or medical composite material.
Preferably, the material of described bite-block is medical silica-gel, medical resin, medical grade rubber or medical plastic.
The present invention is simple in structure, easy to use, is exposed to extrabuccal part few, attractive in appearance; Only take half of oral cavity, only need a people can carry out the operations such as mouth care, effectively save clinical manpower; Because only take half of oral cavity space, can carry out very easily the cleaning of oral secretion simultaneously; But fixture left and right intermodulation, avoid occurring that a side repetitious stimulation causes unpredictable damage; Bite-block is made for slightly elastic material, and stress point transfers to backteeth by labial teeth, and stress surface is a plurality of by single transfer, is keeping aspect the tooth open configuration, can effectively preventing the damage of tooth; Fixing means is the soft band pothook type of elasticity, and fixed form is reliable and stable, is applicable to applying clinically.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure top view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is structural front view of the present invention;
In figure: 1-bite, 2-intubate fixed part, 3-through hole, 4-hook, 5-fixing band.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the invention discloses a kind of fixator for tracheal cannule, comprise bite-block, described bite-block comprises bite 1 and intubate fixed part 2, described bite 1 is suitable with the tooth of oral cavity one side, bite 1 is curved, bite 1 front end contacts with front tooth, rear end contacts with backteeth, the front end width is less than the rear end width, intubate fixed part 2 is connected in the bite 1 front end outside and protrudes laterally, described intubate fixed part 2 is provided with axially extending bore 3, intubate fixed part 2 offers the breach of axial perforation away from an end of bite 1, described breach is communicated with through hole 3, indentation, there is provided with the governor motion of regulating through hole 3 sizes, described governor motion is the bolt and nut governor motion, facilitate tracheal intubation to put into and take out, easily regulate the position of tracheal intubation simultaneously, the both sides that intubate fixed part 2 protrudes bite 1 are connected with fixing band 5, fixing band 5 is the soft bag of elasticity, bite-block is elastomeric material, in order to the occlusal surfaces of teeth of fitting, while intubate fixed part 2 lordosis, can guarantee that bite 1 is in mouth, but intubate fixed part 2 is outside mouth, the convenient adjusting, bite 1 and intubate fixed part 2 are integral type simultaneously, greatly simplify the structure.
Preferably, between fixing band 5 and intubate fixed part 2, by hook 4, be connected, fixed form is reliable.
Preferably, the thickness of bite 1 is 5mm-20mm, width is 8mm-40mm, now bite-block commonly used is all that strength by front tooth prevents from stinging and closes conduit, but the front tooth root is little, be easy to the situation that occurs that tooth is bitten off, the bite 1 of this size can be utilized the support of a plurality of backteeth, has improved the steadiness of structure.
Preferably, the thickness of bite 1 is 9mm-14mm, and width is 8mm-25mm.
Preferably, through hole 3 diameters are 3mm-8.2mm, facilitate the tracheal intubation of different-diameter to use.
Preferably, the material of bite-block is medical macromolecular materials or medical composite material.
Preferably, the material of bite-block is medical silica-gel, medical resin, medical grade rubber or medical plastic, the harmless dental articulation that simultaneously is applicable to.
During concrete the use; usually the patient of stupor is that tooth closes; allow patient's interlock bite-block bite 1; with fixing band 5 and hook 4, this product is fixed on to human body head simultaneously, tracheal intubation is inserted in the through hole 3 of bite-block, fix intubate by the adjusting bolt nut body after being plugged intubate; this fixed form is reliable and stable; take the oral cavity area little simultaneously, be convenient to clean-up port luminal sectetion thing, and easy damaged patient tooth not.
During concrete enforcement, the diameter of intubate generally can be selected: adult 7.0mm, 7.5mm, 8.0mm, children's is 3.0mm-5.5m, the through hole internal diameter can increase 1mm-4mm on corresponding cannula outer diameter, bite 1 thickness can be according to the past 3mm-4mm that increases respectively up and down of the through hole internal diameter of concrete model, bite 1 front end width is less than the rear end width, the front end width is selected 8mm-15mm, the rear end width is selected 15mm-25mm, and the through hole internal diameter that intubate fixed part 2 width are concrete model turns left to part on the right side does not increase 5mm-6mm.
Specific embodiment below is provided:
1, for infant, the tracheal intubation external diameter can be selected 3mm, and the width of intubate fixed part 2 can be selected 13mm, and the internal diameter of through hole 3 can be selected 3.2mm; Bite 1 global shape is arc, and thickness can be selected 9mm, and bite 1 front end width can be selected 8mm, and the rear end width can be selected 15mm, and front end is mild transition to rear end.
2, for adult male, the tracheal intubation external diameter can be selected 8mm, and the width of intubate fixed part 2 can be selected 18mm, and the internal diameter of through hole 3 can be selected 8.2mm; Bite 1 global shape is arc, and thickness can be selected 14mm, and bite 1 front end width can be selected 15mm, and the rear end width can be selected 25mm, and front end is mild transition to rear end.
3, for the adult female, the tracheal intubation external diameter can be selected 7.5mm, and the width of intubate fixed part 2 can be selected 17.5mm, and the internal diameter of through hole 3 can be selected 7.7mm; Bite 1 global shape is arc, and thickness can be selected 13.5mm, and bite 1 front end width can be selected 14mm, and the rear end width can be selected 24mm, and front end is mild transition to rear end.
4, for the gerontal patient, the tracheal intubation external diameter can be selected 7mm, the width of intubate fixed part 2 can be selected 17mm, the internal diameter of through hole 3 can be selected 7.2mm, bite 1 global shape is arc, and thickness can be selected 13mm, and bite 1 front end width can be selected 13mm, the rear end width can be selected 23mm, and front end is mild transition to rear end.
Certainly; the present invention also can have other various embodiments; in the situation that do not deviate from spirit of the present invention and essence thereof; those of ordinary skill in the art can make according to the present invention various corresponding changes and distortion, but these corresponding changes and distortion all should belong to the protection domain of the appended claim of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a fixator for tracheal cannule, it is characterized in that: comprise bite-block, described bite-block comprises bite (1) and intubate fixed part (2), described bite (1) is suitable with the tooth of oral cavity one side, intubate fixed part (2) is connected in bite (1), and is positioned at bite (1) one end and protrudes laterally, and described intubate fixed part (2) is provided with axially extending bore (3), the both sides that intubate fixed part (2) protrudes bite (1) are connected with fixing band (5), and bite-block is elastomeric material.
2. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described intubate fixed part (2) offers the breach of axial perforation away from an end of bite (1), described breach is connected with through hole (3), indentation, there is provided with the governor motion of regulating through hole (3) size, and described governor motion is the bolt and nut governor motion.
3. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 1 is characterized in that: between described fixing band (5) and intubate fixed part (2), by hook (4), be connected.
4. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fixing band (5) is the soft band of elasticity.
5. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the thickness of described bite (1) is 5mm-20mm, width is 8mm-40mm.
6. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the thickness of described bite 1 is 9mm-14mm, width is 8mm-25mm.
7. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described through hole (3) diameter is 3mm-8.2mm.
8. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bite-block bite 1 is curved, and its front end contacts with front tooth, and rear end contacts with backteeth, and the front end width is less than the rear end width.
9. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the material of described bite-block is medical macromolecular materials or medical composite material.
10. fixator for tracheal cannule according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: the material of described bite-block is medical silica-gel, medical resin, medical grade rubber or medical plastic.
CN201310478983.5A 2013-10-14 2013-10-14 Fixator for tracheal cannule Expired - Fee Related CN103480074B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310478983.5A CN103480074B (en) 2013-10-14 2013-10-14 Fixator for tracheal cannule

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310478983.5A CN103480074B (en) 2013-10-14 2013-10-14 Fixator for tracheal cannule

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CN103480074B CN103480074B (en) 2015-08-12

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105709320A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-06-29 江阴市人民医院 Anti-pressure sore dental pad and application method thereof
CN111345919A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-30 大连医科大学 Small animal trachea cannula auxiliary device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2421027Y (en) * 2000-05-14 2001-02-28 王海峰 Tracheal intubation fixer
US20010052344A1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2001-12-20 Rajiv Doshi Methods and devices for improving breathing in patients with pulmonary disease
US20030217744A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-11-27 Yukimi Sugai Bite block
US20110220127A1 (en) * 2010-03-09 2011-09-15 Mackay Memorial Hospital Endotracheal Tube Holder
CN202761872U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-03-06 汕头大学医学院第一附属医院 Tracheal intubation fixing device
CN203208488U (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-09-25 王敬东 Tooth fixing device of disposable trachea cannula
CN203507261U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-04-02 王永刚 Tracheal cannula fixing device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2421027Y (en) * 2000-05-14 2001-02-28 王海峰 Tracheal intubation fixer
US20010052344A1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2001-12-20 Rajiv Doshi Methods and devices for improving breathing in patients with pulmonary disease
US20030217744A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-11-27 Yukimi Sugai Bite block
US20110220127A1 (en) * 2010-03-09 2011-09-15 Mackay Memorial Hospital Endotracheal Tube Holder
CN202761872U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-03-06 汕头大学医学院第一附属医院 Tracheal intubation fixing device
CN203208488U (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-09-25 王敬东 Tooth fixing device of disposable trachea cannula
CN203507261U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-04-02 王永刚 Tracheal cannula fixing device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105709320A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-06-29 江阴市人民医院 Anti-pressure sore dental pad and application method thereof
CN105709320B (en) * 2016-03-31 2017-09-12 江阴市人民医院 Pressure sore prevention bite-block and its application method
CN111345919A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-30 大连医科大学 Small animal trachea cannula auxiliary device
CN111345919B (en) * 2020-03-19 2021-11-09 大连医科大学 Small animal trachea cannula auxiliary device

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Granted publication date: 20150812

Termination date: 20181014