CN103477966A - Intelligent intermediate-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivation machine - Google Patents

Intelligent intermediate-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103477966A
CN103477966A CN201310414850.1A CN201310414850A CN103477966A CN 103477966 A CN103477966 A CN 103477966A CN 201310414850 A CN201310414850 A CN 201310414850A CN 103477966 A CN103477966 A CN 103477966A
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China
Prior art keywords
frequency ultrasonic
intelligent
nutrient solution
metal
caps
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CN201310414850.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103477966B (en
Inventor
高建民
张竞宇
李俊一
尹文楚
陆岱鹏
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江苏大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to aerial fog cultivation, in particular to an intelligent intermediate-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivation machine which comprises intermediate-frequency ultrasonic atomizers, temperature and humidity sensors, a control cabinet with an MCU (microprogrammed control unit) and relays, an atomization chamber, an axial-flow-type fan, a fog delivery pipeline, a nutrient solution backflow pipeline and a cultivation box. The intelligent intermediate-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivation machine is characterized in that temperature and humidity of a root domain environment are collected by the temperature and humidity sensors, and atomizing quantity and atomizing time of a nozzle and rotating speed and ventilation time of the fan are controlled by the MCU, so that the temperature and the humidity of the root domain environment are controlled to enable plants to be constantly in an optimal environment, and intelligent control is realized; the intelligent intermediate-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivation machine adopts the intermediate-frequency ultrasonic atomizers which are simple in circuit structure, low in driving voltage, large in atomizing quantity and high in working efficiency; the fog delivery pipeline and the nutrition solution backflow pipeline guarantee a nutrition solution to be recycled, so that fog utilization rate is enabled to be high, and energy resources are saved.

Description

A kind of Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator
Technical field
The present invention relates to aerial fog cultivation, refer in particular to a kind of Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator.
Background technology
Aerial fog cultivation is a kind of cultivation mode of water saving the most, the control of insect pest can reduce more than 75%, can be without the soil disinfection of first bromo, pollution to environment can effectively be controlled, the nutrient solution of aerosol training completes the supply of nutrient and moisture in a tight locking type circulatory system, can realize that zero effluxes, accomplish sustainable effect free from environmental pollution; Root hangs on aerial cultivation fully, does not need the farming that traditional soil is medium, without any the sorrow of carrying of water and soil loss; It in horticultural production and research, is all at present the technology of tool potentiality to be exploited and prospect, before being, any cultivation mode can not be compared, can improve significantly quality and the quantity of production, greatly reducing the input of manpower, fertilizer, water and agricultural chemicals, is main development project and the highly efficient agricultural technology of following greenhouse culture.Atomizer is as the key core parts of aerosol training system, its performance directly affects the effect of aerosol training, current ultrasonic atomizatio both domestic and external is all that the ultrasonic vibration (or by ceramic thickness direction vibratory drive atomizer) by the ceramic thickness direction carrys out Nutrient Mist, has that drive circuit voltage is high, circuit is extremely complicated, the system heating is serious, shower nozzle inefficiency, safety are low, the easy shortcoming such as leakage of poor reliability and droplet.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to invent a kind of employing intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer and is sprayed, and atomization quantity is large, droplet sizes can be according to crop grow the in real time adjusting of demand intelligence, safety and the high Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator of reliability.
Culturing device of the present invention comprises intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer (its frequency range 80-200K), Temperature Humidity Sensor, the switch board with MCU and relay, spray chamber, tube-axial fan, fog conveyance conduit, nutrient solution reflux line and cultivation case; The antetheca of cultivation case is provided with the field planting hole of proportional spacing, is used for cultivated plant; Temperature Humidity Sensor is installed in case, is gathered the rhizosphere ambient temperature and humidity; The cultivation case outside one side is installed switch board, MCU and relay wherein are housed, MCU is connected with Temperature Humidity Sensor, cultivation case and switch board are provided with spray chamber with side bottom, nutrient solution is equipped with in spray chamber inside, and the intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is evenly arranged on location-plate, and the location-plate two ends connect with foam, be placed in the spray chamber that nutrient solution is housed, make the lower surface of intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer overlap with the upper surface of nutrient solution; The spray chamber top is provided with tube-axial fan, fog conveyance conduit and nutrient solution reflux line; Tube-axial fan communicates with spray chamber, under the wind-force effect, droplet in spray chamber enters the cultivation case by the droplet conveyance conduit from cultivation case upper end, just be back to spray chamber from cultivation case lower end when the nutrient solution height of cultivation in case reaches the height in the hole on the nutrient solution reflux line, nutrient solution is recycled; Relay connects intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer and tube-axial fan; MCU receives spray amount and the spray time of rotating speed that temperature value that sensor records and rh value control fan and ventilation time, shower nozzle, thereby controls the temperature and humidity of rhizosphere environment, realizes Based Intelligent Control; The nutrient solution of this device completes the supply of nutrient and moisture in a tight locking type circulatory system, can realize that zero effluxes, and accomplishes the effect that Intelligent uninterruptible is free from environmental pollution.
Temperature Humidity Sensor is installed in described cultivation case, Temperature Humidity Sensor should be fixed on to cultivation case antetheca inwall close plant root.
Described intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is comprised of metal end caps and piezoelectric ceramics, metal end caps is a bronze medal metal disk, its diameter is 10-25mm, thickness is greater than 0.5mm and is less than 1mm, there is the circular protrusion that diameter is 3mm the centre of metal disk, at the downside of metal end caps, the ring piezoelectric pottery matched with the metal end caps shape size is arranged, and piezoelectric ceramic thickness is 1.5mm, piezoelectric ceramics annulus axis of small circle is 8mm, and axis of great circle is consistent with the metal end caps diameter is 10-25mm; Metal end caps all is connected control line with piezoelectric disc, and the other end of control line connects relay, and the intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer, by the radial motion of piezoelectric ceramics, drives the axially-movable of metal end caps, thereby produces a large amount of mists.
Described intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is evenly arranged on location-plate and refers to that the intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is placed on location-plate, is placed with altogether 50 atomizers on plate, is divided into five rows, and each 10 of row is 1 group, and the frequency of 5 groups is different.
The antetheca of described cultivation case is provided with the field planting hole of proportional spacing, and the field planting hole diameter is 2cm, is inserted with plant in hole, and the contact position of plant and hole wall fixedly prevents gas leakage with sponge.
There are the shortcomings such as drive circuit voltage high (more than 24v), circuit are extremely complicated, the system heating is serious, shower nozzle inefficiency in existing ultrasonic atomizer, and the intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer of this device has that circuit structure is simple, driving voltage is low, circuit does not generate heat substantially, atomization quantity large, droplet sizes can, according to crop grow the in real time adjusting of demand intelligence, safety and reliability high, have more practicality.
In sum, the present invention adopts a kind of intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizatio shower nozzle based on radial vibration to be sprayed, and its atomization quantity is large, droplet sizes can be according to crop grow the in real time adjusting of demand intelligence, safety and the high Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator of reliability.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator shaft side figure;
Fig. 2 Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator right view;
Fig. 3 spray chamber enlarged drawing;
Fig. 4 intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is arranged and network for location is installed;
Fig. 5 intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer structural representation;
Fig. 6 intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer course of work schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 control circuit schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 field planting hole Local map;
1, fog conveyance conduit; 2, switch board; 3, Temperature Humidity Sensor; 4, nutrient solution reflux line; 5, tube-axial fan; 6, spray chamber; 7, intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer; 8, cultivation case; 9, field planting hole; 10, cystosepiment; 11, location-plate; 12, intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer control line; 13, metal end caps; 14, piezoelectric ceramics; 15, the piezoelectric vibrator after the stretching; 16, the piezoelectric vibrator after the contraction; 17, sponge; 18, plant; 19, Temperature Humidity Sensor control line; 20, iron wire.
Embodiment
In conjunction with Fig. 1, evenly be drilled with the field planting hole 9 of diameter 2cm on the antetheca of cultivation case 8, be inserted with plant 18 in hole, contact position fixedly prevents gas leakage with sponge 17, Temperature Humidity Sensor 3 use iron wires support, be placed in cultivation case 8 (as Fig. 8), with MCU, be connected, the right outside side of cultivation case 8 is installed switch board 2, MCU and relay are arranged in it, MCU receives spray amount and the spray time of rotating speed that temperature value that Temperature Humidity Sensor 3 records and rh value control tube-axial fan 5 and ventilation time, intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer 7, thereby controls the temperature and humidity of rhizosphere environment, realizes Based Intelligent Control, in conjunction with Fig. 4, Fig. 7, have 50 intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizers 7 on field planting position plate 11, the intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is divided into to 5 groups, every class frequency is different, 80 K for example, 107K, 150K, 180K, 200K, thereby every group of droplet that produces different-grain diameter, more be conducive to plant growth, each group has 10 intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizers 7, the droplet total amount produced meets plant and gives birth to, each group intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer 7 connects a relay, have 6 relays, its voltage is 5V, wherein 5 relays connect respectively 5 groups of intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizers 7, the voltage of intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer 7 is 5V, 1 relay connects tube-axial fan 5, the voltage of tube-axial fan 5 is 12V, in conjunction with Fig. 5, Fig. 6, intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer 7 is comprised of metal end caps 13 and piezoelectric ceramics 14, metal end caps 13 is a bronze medal metal disk, its diameter is 10-25mm, thickness is greater than 0.5mm and is less than 1mm, there is the circular protrusion that diameter is 3mm the centre of metal disk, downside at metal end caps 13 has the ring piezoelectric pottery 14 matched with metal end caps 13 shape sizes, the thickness of piezoelectric ceramics 14 is 1.5mm, piezoelectric ceramics 14 annulus axis of small circles are 8mm, axis of great circle is consistent with metal end caps 13 diameters is 10-25mm, metal end caps 13 all is connected control line with piezoelectric ceramics 14, the other end of every group of control line connects relay, intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer 7 is arranged on location-plate 11, cystosepiment 10 is installed at location-plate 11 two ends, location-plate 11 is floated on the nutrient solution of spray chamber 6, the lower surface of intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer 7 overlaps with the upper surface of nutrient solution, intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer 7 is by the radial motion of piezoelectric ceramics 14, drive the axially-movable of metal end caps 13, produce a large amount of droplets, under the effect of tube-axial fan 5, droplet is by fog conveyance conduit 1, enter cultivation case 8, when reaching the height in the hole on nutrient solution reflux line 4, the nutrient solution height of cultivation in case 8 just be back to spray chamber 6.

Claims (6)

1. an Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator is characterized in that: described cultivator comprises intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer, Temperature Humidity Sensor, the switch board with MCU and relay, spray chamber, tube-axial fan, fog conveyance conduit, nutrient solution reflux line and cultivation case; The antetheca of cultivation case is provided with the field planting hole of proportional spacing, is used for cultivated plant; Temperature Humidity Sensor is installed in case, is gathered the rhizosphere ambient temperature and humidity; The cultivation case outside one side is installed switch board, MCU and relay wherein are housed, MCU is connected with Temperature Humidity Sensor, cultivation case and switch board are provided with spray chamber with side bottom, nutrient solution is equipped with in spray chamber inside, and the intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is evenly arranged on location-plate, and the location-plate two ends connect with foam, be placed in the spray chamber that nutrient solution is housed, make the lower surface of intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer overlap with the upper surface of nutrient solution; The spray chamber top is provided with tube-axial fan, fog conveyance conduit and nutrient solution reflux line; Tube-axial fan communicates with spray chamber, under the wind-force effect, droplet in spray chamber enters the cultivation case by the droplet conveyance conduit from cultivation case upper end, just be back to spray chamber from cultivation case lower end when the nutrient solution height of cultivation in case reaches the height in the hole on the nutrient solution reflux line, nutrient solution is recycled; Relay connects intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer and tube-axial fan; MCU receives spray amount and the spray time of rotating speed that temperature value that sensor records and rh value control fan and ventilation time, shower nozzle, thereby controls the temperature and humidity of rhizosphere environment, realizes Based Intelligent Control.
2. a kind of Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the frequency range of described intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is 80-200K, operating voltage is 5V, it is comprised of metal end caps and piezoelectric ceramics, metal end caps is a bronze medal metal disk, its diameter is 10-25mm, thickness is greater than 0.5mm and is less than 1mm, there is the circular protrusion that diameter is 3mm the centre of metal disk, downside at metal end caps has the ring piezoelectric pottery matched with the metal end caps shape size, piezoelectric ceramic thickness is 1.5mm, piezoelectric ceramics annulus axis of small circle is 8mm, axis of great circle is consistent with the metal end caps diameter is 10-25mm, metal end caps all is connected control line with piezoelectric disc, and the other end of control line connects relay, and the intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer, by the radial motion of piezoelectric ceramics, drives the axially-movable of metal end caps, thereby produces atomization.
3. a kind of Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: Temperature Humidity Sensor is installed in described cultivation case, Temperature Humidity Sensor should be fixed on to cultivation case antetheca inwall close plant root.
4. a kind of Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is evenly arranged on location-plate and refers to that the intermediate frequency ultrasonic atomizer is placed on location-plate, be placed with altogether 50 atomizers on plate, be divided into five rows, each 10 of row is 1 group, and the frequency of 5 groups is different.
5. a kind of Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described field planting hole diameter is 2cm, is inserted with plant in hole, the contact position of plant and hole wall fixedly prevents gas leakage with sponge.
6. a kind of Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the operating voltage of described tube-axial fan is 12V.
CN201310414850.1A 2013-09-13 2013-09-13 A kind of Intelligent medium-frequency ultrasonic atomizing cultivator Expired - Fee Related CN103477966B (en)

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Cited By (12)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015123725A1 (en) * 2014-02-20 2015-08-27 Horticultural Innovations Pty Ltd Vertical plant cultivation system
CN104904572A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-09-16 江苏大学 Low-frequency ultrasonic underground mist irrigation machine
CN105075728A (en) * 2014-05-12 2015-11-25 浙江海洋学院 Plant salt fog stress test apparatus and plant screening method by using same
CN105284576A (en) * 2014-06-06 2016-02-03 徐箴言 Aeroponic method and equipment
CN105815206A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-03 张亮 Vegetable growing system
CN105981638A (en) * 2014-11-24 2016-10-05 大同股份有限公司 Planting module
CN106613883A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-10 江苏大学 Intelligent balcony stand column type atomization cultivation system achieving wireless transmission control and control method
CN106922516A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 意法半导体公司 With microfluid nude film and the aerial fog cultivation system of sensor for feedback control
CN106937587A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-11 陈志阳 A kind of environment purification simulates ecosystem organic food cultivation system
CN108476953A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-09-04 霍山县新元生态农业有限公司 A kind of excellent mating system of wild leek
CN109042274A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-12-21 江苏大学 A kind of package root system precisely spraying ultrasonic atomizatio cultivation case and its method
WO2020005166A1 (en) * 2018-06-25 2020-01-02 Muanchart Mankaew Process for growing plant with small element

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CN102553767A (en) * 2011-12-13 2012-07-11 南京航空航天大学 Piezoelectric ceramic ultrasonic atomizing sheet
CN102948360A (en) * 2012-03-22 2013-03-06 中国林业科学研究院华北林业实验中心 Three-dimensional self-control plant aerosol culture apparatus
CN103212508A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-07-24 南京长辉机电科技有限公司 Piezoelectric ultrasonic atomizer

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CN201022459Y (en) * 2006-07-17 2008-02-20 建福实业有限公司 Ultrasonic atomizing hairdressing device
US20080098650A1 (en) * 2006-10-30 2008-05-01 Mao-Sheng Lee Sprout cultivation device
CN101926279A (en) * 2010-06-29 2010-12-29 华中农业大学 Intelligent cultivation method and device for producing bean sprouts
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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015123725A1 (en) * 2014-02-20 2015-08-27 Horticultural Innovations Pty Ltd Vertical plant cultivation system
CN105075728A (en) * 2014-05-12 2015-11-25 浙江海洋学院 Plant salt fog stress test apparatus and plant screening method by using same
CN105284576A (en) * 2014-06-06 2016-02-03 徐箴言 Aeroponic method and equipment
CN105981638A (en) * 2014-11-24 2016-10-05 大同股份有限公司 Planting module
CN104904572A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-09-16 江苏大学 Low-frequency ultrasonic underground mist irrigation machine
CN104904572B (en) * 2015-05-14 2017-05-31 江苏大学 Mist filling device a kind of low frequency ultrasound
CN106922516A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 意法半导体公司 With microfluid nude film and the aerial fog cultivation system of sensor for feedback control
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CN105815206A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-03 张亮 Vegetable growing system
CN106613883A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-10 江苏大学 Intelligent balcony stand column type atomization cultivation system achieving wireless transmission control and control method
CN106937587A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-11 陈志阳 A kind of environment purification simulates ecosystem organic food cultivation system
CN108476953A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-09-04 霍山县新元生态农业有限公司 A kind of excellent mating system of wild leek
WO2020005166A1 (en) * 2018-06-25 2020-01-02 Muanchart Mankaew Process for growing plant with small element
CN109042274A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-12-21 江苏大学 A kind of package root system precisely spraying ultrasonic atomizatio cultivation case and its method
CN109042274B (en) * 2018-07-24 2020-11-20 江苏大学 Ultrasonic atomization cultivation box capable of wrapping root system and spraying accurately and method thereof

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