CN103469561A - Finishing technology of nano-silver antimicrobial textile - Google Patents

Finishing technology of nano-silver antimicrobial textile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103469561A
CN103469561A CN 201310414362 CN201310414362A CN103469561A CN 103469561 A CN103469561 A CN 103469561A CN 201310414362 CN201310414362 CN 201310414362 CN 201310414362 A CN201310414362 A CN 201310414362A CN 103469561 A CN103469561 A CN 103469561A
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China
Prior art keywords
nano
silver
textile
shaping
finishing technique
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CN 201310414362
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱永华
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HUZHOU JINTADI TEXTILE MILL
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HUZHOU JINTADI TEXTILE MILL
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Priority to CN 201310414362 priority Critical patent/CN103469561A/en
Publication of CN103469561A publication Critical patent/CN103469561A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a finishing technology of a nano-silver antimicrobial textile. The finishing technology comprises the work procedures of finishing a gray fabric of a semi-finished textile, softening for shaping and drying for shaping. The finishing technology is characterized in that during the work procedure of softening for shaping, the gray fabric is completely soaked in a nano-silver ion material liquid for 1-120 minutes and then is taken out, washed by water and dried in air to obtain the nano-silver antimicrobial textile, wherein the nano-silver ion material liquid is obtained by means of mixing 0.01%-5% by weight of an amino-terminated hyperbranched polymer, an aqueous solution of quaternary ammonium salt of the amino-terminated hyperbranched polymer, and a silver nitrate solution with molality of 0.01-0.5 mol/L. The textile, produced by the finishing technology adopting a manner of completely soaking the gray fabric of the textile in the nano-silver ion material liquid in the softening for shaping of the gray fabric and then drying the gray fabric, has remarkable antibacterial and mildew-proof effects and lasting functions, has health-care functions such as removal of undesirable odor, and can endure multiple times of water washing and repeated dry-cleaning.

Description

A kind of finishing technique of nanometer silver antibiotic textile
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of finishing technique of nanometer silver antibiotic textile.
Background technology
In recent years, along with scientific and technological progress and growth in the living standard, antibiotic, deodorant function textiles causes the concern of domestic and international textile limit gradually.Development along with nanometer technology, some nano inorganic antimicrobial agents are applied in textile garment because having good broad spectrum antibacterial performance, wherein silver-series antibacterial agent is because having stronger sterilization and suppressing the ability of pathogen, and durability is good, in inorganic antiseptic, occupies an leading position.
Adopt the nano-silver ionic feed liquid textiles to be processed so that textiles has a kind of conventional method for sorting that antibiotic effect is textiles, but in prior art for the processing of textiles be only adopt through textiles semi-finished product grey cloth-overflow machine, boil float-dye-the soft typing of wash-Jia-one-tenth must the textiles finished product after examining, afterwards it is processed and makes it contain the Nano Silver composition, in prior art, the Nano Silver composition obtains adding after finished product like this, so the nano-silver antibacterial finishing DeGrain, and function is not lasting yet.
Summary of the invention
For problems of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of technical scheme of finishing technique of nanometer silver antibiotic textile.
The finishing technique of described a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile, comprise textiles semi-finished product grey cloth arranging process, add soft typing and drying and shaping, it is characterized in that described adding in soft shaping process adopts the nano-silver ionic feed liquid to carry out saturation process to grey cloth, dip time 1~120 minute, take out after washing, dry, obtain nanometer silver antibiotic textile; The liquor argenti nitratis ophthalmicus that described nano-silver ionic feed liquid is 0.01~0.5mol/L by the amine-terminated hyperbranced compound of mass percent 0.01~5% and quaternary ammonium salt aqueous solution thereof and molality is mixed to get.
The finishing technique of described a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile, it is characterized in that described textiles semi-finished product grey cloth arranging process for the textiles semi-finished product are floated through boiling, dyeing and washing obtain grey fabric.
The finishing technique of described a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile, is characterized in that described nano-silver ionic feed liquid is to be made by nano silver/silver chloride dispersion liquid and nano-silver ionic binding agent.
The finishing technique of described a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile, is characterized in that the setting machine that described drying and shaping adopts heating cabinet to be 6~8 joints, and each heating cabinet temperature is 130~170 ℃, 20~30 m/mins of the speed of a motor vehicle, and drying time is 30~60 seconds.
The finishing technique of described a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile, is characterized in that described setting machine heating cabinet is 8 joints, and each saves the heating cabinet temperature and is respectively 140 ℃, 140 ℃, 145 ℃, 150 ℃, 160 ℃, 170 ℃, 165 ℃ and 145 ℃.
The finishing technique of described a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile, is characterized in that described amine-terminated hyperbranced compound is a kind of synthetic the obtaining in a kind of and polyamines base monomer ethylenediamine, divinyl triamine, trivinyl tetramine, tetraethylenepentamine, five vinyl hexamines and six vinyl seven amine in succinic anhydride, phthalic anhydride, ring butyric anhydride, methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate, acrylic acid and methacrylic acid.
The finishing technique of described a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile, is characterized in that described quaternary ammonium salt is that amine-terminated hyperbranced compound obtains with a kind of reaction the in quaternizing agent glycidyl trimethylammonium chloride, chloro-2 hydroxypropyl-trimethyl ammonium chlorides of 3-, the chloro-methyl trimethoxy ammonium chloride of 2-and N-dodecyl-dimethyl-hydroxypropyl ammonium chloride.
The present invention adopt at grey fabric, process add soft shaping process in grey fabric carried out to the infiltration of nano-silver ionic feed liquid process, the mode of drying afterwards, the antibacterial textile anti-mold effect of producing is obvious, function is lasting, there is health and the health cares such as the peculiar smell of removal, can stand washing and dry-cleaning repeatedly repeatedly.
In nano-silver ionic feed liquid of the present invention, amine-terminated hyperbranced compound and quaternary ammonium salt thereof not only play the effect of dispersant, reductant, also can play the effect of adhesive when processing textiles, when therefore one-step method arranges textiles, amine-terminated hyperbranced compound and the quaternary ammonium salt thereof of parcel and absorption Nano Silver will be adsorbed onto on textiles, realize the preparation of nanometer silver antibiotic textile; Simultaneously, amine-terminated hyperbranced compound and quaternary ammonium salt thereof itself have the polycation feature, and nanometer silver antibiotic textile antibiotic had to synergy.
The specific embodiment
The finishing technique of nanometer silver antibiotic textile of the present invention, comprise textiles semi-finished product grey cloth arranging process, add soft typing and drying and shaping, in adding soft shaping process, adopt the nano-silver ionic feed liquid to carry out saturation process to grey cloth, dip time 1~120 minute, take out after washing, dry, obtain nanometer silver antibiotic textile; The liquor argenti nitratis ophthalmicus that described nano-silver ionic feed liquid is 0.01~0.5mol/L by the amine-terminated hyperbranced compound of mass percent 0.01~5% and quaternary ammonium salt aqueous solution thereof and molality is mixed to get.
Textiles semi-finished product grey cloth arranging process of the present invention for the textiles semi-finished product are floated through boiling, dyeing and washing obtain grey fabric.Drying and shaping adopts the setting machine that heating cabinet is 6~8 joints, and each heating cabinet temperature is 130~170 ℃, 20~30 m/mins of the speed of a motor vehicle, and drying time is 30~60 seconds; The setting machine heating cabinet is 8 joints, and each saves the heating cabinet temperature and is respectively 140 ℃, 140 ℃, 145 ℃, 150 ℃, 160 ℃, 170 ℃, 165 ℃ and 145 ℃.
Nano-silver ionic feed liquid of the present invention can be made by nano silver/silver chloride dispersion liquid and nano-silver ionic binding agent.
Amine-terminated hyperbranced compound of the present invention is a kind of synthetic the obtaining in a kind of and polyamines base monomer ethylenediamine, divinyl triamine, trivinyl tetramine, tetraethylenepentamine, five vinyl hexamines and six vinyl seven amine in succinic anhydride, phthalic anhydride, ring butyric anhydride, methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate, acrylic acid and methacrylic acid.
Quaternary ammonium salt of the present invention is that amine-terminated hyperbranced compound obtains with a kind of reaction the in quaternizing agent glycidyl trimethylammonium chloride, chloro-2 hydroxypropyl-trimethyl ammonium chlorides of 3-, the chloro-methyl trimethoxy ammonium chloride of 2-and N-dodecyl-dimethyl-hydroxypropyl ammonium chloride.
The present invention adopt at grey fabric, process add soft shaping process in grey fabric carried out to the infiltration of nano-silver ionic feed liquid process, the mode of drying afterwards, the antibacterial textile anti-mold effect of producing is obvious, function is lasting, there is health and the health cares such as the peculiar smell of removal, can stand washing and dry-cleaning repeatedly repeatedly.
In nano-silver ionic feed liquid of the present invention, amine-terminated hyperbranced compound and quaternary ammonium salt thereof not only play the effect of dispersant, reductant, also can play the effect of adhesive when processing textiles, when therefore one-step method arranges textiles, amine-terminated hyperbranced compound and the quaternary ammonium salt thereof of parcel and absorption Nano Silver will be adsorbed onto on textiles, realize the preparation of nanometer silver antibiotic textile; Simultaneously, amine-terminated hyperbranced compound and quaternary ammonium salt thereof itself have the polycation feature, and nanometer silver antibiotic textile antibiotic had to synergy.

Claims (7)

1. the finishing technique of a nanometer silver antibiotic textile, comprise textiles semi-finished product grey cloth arranging process, add soft typing and drying and shaping, it is characterized in that described adding in soft shaping process adopts the nano-silver ionic feed liquid to carry out saturation process to grey cloth, dip time 1~120 minute, take out after washing, dry, obtain nanometer silver antibiotic textile; The liquor argenti nitratis ophthalmicus that described nano-silver ionic feed liquid is 0.01~0.5mol/L by the amine-terminated hyperbranced compound of mass percent 0.01~5% and quaternary ammonium salt aqueous solution thereof and molality is mixed to get.
2. the finishing technique of a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described textiles semi-finished product grey cloth arranging process for the textiles semi-finished product are floated through boiling, dyeing and washing obtain grey fabric.
3. the finishing technique of a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile according to claim 1, is characterized in that described nano-silver ionic feed liquid is to be made by nano silver/silver chloride dispersion liquid and nano-silver ionic binding agent.
4. the finishing technique of a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the setting machine that described drying and shaping adopts heating cabinet to be 6~8 joints, each heating cabinet temperature is 130~170 ℃, 20~30 m/mins of the speed of a motor vehicle, and drying time is 30~60 seconds.
5. the finishing technique of a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described setting machine heating cabinet is 8 joints, each saves the heating cabinet temperature and is respectively 140 ℃, 140 ℃, 145 ℃, 150 ℃, 160 ℃, 170 ℃, 165 ℃ and 145 ℃.
6. the finishing technique of a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile according to claim 1, is characterized in that described amine-terminated hyperbranced compound is a kind of synthetic the obtaining in a kind of and polyamines base monomer ethylenediamine, divinyl triamine, trivinyl tetramine, tetraethylenepentamine, five vinyl hexamines and six vinyl seven amine in succinic anhydride, phthalic anhydride, ring butyric anhydride, methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate, acrylic acid and methacrylic acid.
7. the finishing technique of a kind of nanometer silver antibiotic textile according to claim 1, is characterized in that described quaternary ammonium salt is that amine-terminated hyperbranced compound obtains with a kind of reaction the in quaternizing agent glycidyl trimethylammonium chloride, chloro-2 hydroxypropyl-trimethyl ammonium chlorides of 3-, the chloro-methyl trimethoxy ammonium chloride of 2-and N-dodecyl-dimethyl-hydroxypropyl ammonium chloride.
CN 201310414362 2013-09-12 2013-09-12 Finishing technology of nano-silver antimicrobial textile Pending CN103469561A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104862953A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-08-26 常州纺织服装职业技术学院 Method for depositing nano-silver on cellulose fabric through one step
CN105040420A (en) * 2015-08-22 2015-11-11 苏州正业昌智能科技有限公司 Method for generating antibacterial bamboo fibers in situ
CN106319938A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-11 厦门博正科技有限公司 Nano silver durable antibacterial cloth permeated by semiconductor and preparing method thereof
CN107354727A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-11-17 太仓佩利斯高分子材料有限公司 A kind of production technology of nano-antibacterial knitted dress
CN107558179A (en) * 2017-09-17 2018-01-09 赵兵 Conductive spinning product based on LBL self-assembly nano silver wire/graphene
CN107558186A (en) * 2017-09-17 2018-01-09 赵兵 Fluorescence cotton fiber based on rare earth up-conversion luminescence nanomaterial
CN108823977A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-11-16 江苏德邦卫生用品有限公司 A kind of preparation method of antibacterial PLA non-woven cloth
CN110205800A (en) * 2019-06-06 2019-09-06 南通大学 A kind of preparation method of supported nano zinc oxide alginate fiber and fiber obtained
CN110202165A (en) * 2019-06-16 2019-09-06 南通大学 The affinity nano platinum solution and preparation method thereof of a kind of pair of fiber

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104862953A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-08-26 常州纺织服装职业技术学院 Method for depositing nano-silver on cellulose fabric through one step
CN105040420A (en) * 2015-08-22 2015-11-11 苏州正业昌智能科技有限公司 Method for generating antibacterial bamboo fibers in situ
CN106319938A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-11 厦门博正科技有限公司 Nano silver durable antibacterial cloth permeated by semiconductor and preparing method thereof
CN107354727A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-11-17 太仓佩利斯高分子材料有限公司 A kind of production technology of nano-antibacterial knitted dress
CN107558179A (en) * 2017-09-17 2018-01-09 赵兵 Conductive spinning product based on LBL self-assembly nano silver wire/graphene
CN107558186A (en) * 2017-09-17 2018-01-09 赵兵 Fluorescence cotton fiber based on rare earth up-conversion luminescence nanomaterial
CN108823977A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-11-16 江苏德邦卫生用品有限公司 A kind of preparation method of antibacterial PLA non-woven cloth
CN110205800A (en) * 2019-06-06 2019-09-06 南通大学 A kind of preparation method of supported nano zinc oxide alginate fiber and fiber obtained
CN110205800B (en) * 2019-06-06 2021-10-26 南通大学 Preparation method of nano zinc oxide loaded alginate fiber and prepared fiber
CN110202165A (en) * 2019-06-16 2019-09-06 南通大学 The affinity nano platinum solution and preparation method thereof of a kind of pair of fiber

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Application publication date: 20131225