CN103467103B - Production method of once-fired super-spar ceramic tile and ceramic tile - Google Patents

Production method of once-fired super-spar ceramic tile and ceramic tile Download PDF

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CN103467103B
CN103467103B CN201310382746.9A CN201310382746A CN103467103B CN 103467103 B CN103467103 B CN 103467103B CN 201310382746 A CN201310382746 A CN 201310382746A CN 103467103 B CN103467103 B CN 103467103B
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parts
coat enamel
ceramic tile
production
once
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CN201310382746.9A
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CN103467103A (en
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向承刚
李祥勇
韦明辉
马社卫
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周予
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Abstract

The invention relates to a production method of once-fired super-spar ceramic tile and the ceramic tile. The production method of the once-fired super-spar ceramic tile comprises the following steps: preparing green body powder; pressing a tile body; cleaning the green body; pouring ground glaze; printing; pouring overglaze; firing a glaze body at a high temperature; polishing; performing surface treatment; performing edge polishing; and packaging to obtain a finished product, wherein the overglaze comprises the following components in parts by weight: 5 to 13 parts of quartz powder, 3 to 20 parts of potassium feldspar, 20 to 28 parts of soda feldspar, 12 to 18 parts of dolomite, 3 to 6 parts of fired talc, 3 to 8 parts of kaolin, 14 to 22 parts of calcined kaolin, 3 to 8 parts of zinc oxide, 7 to 14 parts of barium carbonate and 3 to 6 parts of grammite. According to the invention, the problems that microlite has low wear resistance and is difficult to process in the prior art are solved, and the defect of water ripples caused by the situations that fully-polished glaze absorbs dirt, bottom is easy to expose and the tile surface is uneven is also solved. The super-spar product produced with the method has the advantages that the microlite is transparent, bright and smooth like a mirror and does not absorb dirt completely; and the fully-polished glaze is light, thin and wear-resistant.

Description

Production method and the ceramic tile of the super spar ceramic tile of a kind of once-firing
Technical field
The present invention relates to architectural pottery and throw glaze porcelain brick technical field, more specifically, relate to the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of a kind of once-firing and the ceramic tile that adopts the method to make.
Background technology
Throw glaze pottery as a kind of product of new technique, than traditional polished tile more can demonstrate itself or splendid, or pure and fresh simple and elegant, or the colourful decorative effect such as antique, more and more be subject to consumers in general's approval, wherein, two kinds of product industries that have special representative's meaning are referred to as microlite (being also glass-ceramic clad plate) and the full glaze of throwing.At present, the production technique great majority of microlite are all twice firing process, all need first adobe sintering, then carry out glazing material in adobe surface, and then the mode of glaze firing; Also there is part producer as the Technology of the employing once-firing microlites such as Foshan hawk board pottery company limited.The complete most single firing processes that adopt of glaze of throwing, also have indivedual producers to adopt firing process twice.With regard to microlite, with above-mentioned two kinds of explained hereafter, too thick and heavy, the defect such as fastness to rubbing is poor, processing difficulties that products obtained therefrom all exists, only limits to family or wall surfacing, is not suitable for promoting on a large scale.And although current full throwing glaze is than microlite is slightly thin, wear resistance good, but still exist soil pick-up, easily show-through, brick face uneven and water ripples of causing etc. problem.
Therefore, be necessary to seek a kind of good production method, the ceramic tile of and smooth not soil pick-up good with production wear resistance, better adapts to human consumer's needs.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is at least one defect (deficiency) overcoming described in above-mentioned prior art, and the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of a kind of once-firing is provided.The super spar ceramic tile product that the present invention produces, has microlite penetrating beautiful, smooth as mirror, soil pick-up not completely, and entirely throws the frivolous advantage such as wear-resisting of glaze.
The present invention also provides a kind of ceramic tile of making according to aforementioned production method.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
The production method of the super spar ceramic tile of a kind of once-firing, comprise step: prepare base substrate powder, pressing unfired brick, base substrate clean, drench ground-coat enamel, stamp, pouring cover-coat enamel, high temperature and burn till glazed body, polishing, surface treatment, edging, packaging final prod, described cover-coat enamel contains following each component, by weight:
5 ~ 13 parts of silica powders, 3 ~ 20 parts of potassium felspar sands, 20 ~ 28 parts of albites, 12 ~ 18 parts of rhombspars, burn 3 ~ 6 parts, talcum, 3 ~ 8 parts of kaolin, 14 ~ 22 parts of calcined kaolins, 3 ~ 8 parts, zinc oxide, 7 ~ 14 parts of barium carbonates, 3 ~ 6 parts of wollastonites.
Above cover-coat enamel formula process is calculated to each chemical composition that cover-coat enamel contains following mass percent: SiO 2: 46 ~ 60%, Al 2o 3: 12 ~ 15%, CaO:4 ~ 7.5%, MgO:3.5 ~ 5%, K 2o:0.5 ~ 3%, Na 2o:2.6 ~ 3.2%, ZnO:3 ~ 8%, BaO:6 ~ 14%.
Preferably, described cover-coat enamel contains following each component, by weight:
6 ~ 12 parts of silica powders, 8 ~ 18 parts of potassium felspar sands, 21 ~ 26 parts of albites, 12 ~ 16 parts of rhombspars, burn 3 ~ 5 parts, talcum, 4 ~ 7 parts of kaolin, 15 ~ 21 parts of calcined kaolins, 4 ~ 7 parts, zinc oxide, 8 ~ 14 parts of barium carbonates, 3 ~ 6 parts of wollastonites.
Preferred, described cover-coat enamel contains following each component, by weight:
6 ~ 8 parts of silica powders, 9 ~ 10 parts of potassium felspar sands, 21 ~ 23 parts of albites, 12 ~ 14 parts of rhombspars, burn 3 ~ 4 parts, talcum, 5 ~ 6 parts of kaolin, 18 ~ 20 parts of calcined kaolins, 5 ~ 6 parts, zinc oxide, 10 ~ 14 parts of barium carbonates, 3 ~ 4 parts of wollastonites.
Further preferably scheme is, described base substrate powder contains following each component, by weight:
18 ~ 26 parts of potassium sodium stone flours, 10 ~ 16 parts, potassium sand, 8 ~ 15 parts, middle temperature sand, 15 ~ 23 parts of high alumina sands, 10 ~ 18 parts of kaolin, 8 ~ 15 parts of mud washings, 1 ~ 4 part of wilkinite, 3 ~ 5 parts of black talcs.
Above base substrate powder formulation process is calculated to each chemical composition that base substrate powder contains following mass percent:
SiO 2:65.5~69%,Al 2O 3:19~21.5%,CaO:0.5~~1%,MgO:0.3~1%,K 2O:2.8~3.5%,Na 2O:1.6~2.5%,Fe 2O 3:0.2~0.99%,TiO 2:0.1~0.5%.
Preferably, described base substrate powder contains following each component, by weight:
19 ~ 25 parts of potassium sodium stone flours, 10 ~ 15 parts, potassium sand, 10 ~ 14 parts, middle temperature sand, 16 ~ 22 parts of high alumina sands, 11 ~ 17 parts of kaolin, 9 ~ 15 parts of mud washings, 1 ~ 3 part of wilkinite, 3 ~ 5 parts of black talcs, 0.5 ~ 2 part of auxiliary agent, water is appropriate.
Preferred, described base substrate powder contains following each component, by weight:
20 ~ 25 parts of potassium sodium stone flours, 10 ~ 14 parts, potassium sand, 11 ~ 12 parts, middle temperature sand, 20 ~ 21 parts of high alumina sands, 14 ~ 16 parts of kaolin, 13 ~ 15 parts of mud washings, 1 ~ 2 part of wilkinite, 3 ~ 4 parts of black talcs, 0.5 ~ 1 part of auxiliary agent, water is appropriate.
Further preferred scheme is, described ground-coat enamel contains following each component, by weight:
3 ~ 20 parts of silica powders, 15 ~ 33 parts of potassium felspar sands, 11 ~ 28 parts of albites, 3 ~ 6 parts, calcite, 5 ~ 9 parts of rhombspars, burn 4 ~ 10 parts, talcum, 3 ~ 10 parts of kaolin, 2 ~ 9 parts of calcined kaolins, 1 ~ 5 part, zinc oxide, 10 ~ 17 parts of zirconium silicates.
Above ground-coat enamel formula process is calculated to each chemical composition that ground-coat enamel contains following mass percent:
SiO 2:65~75%,Al 2O 3:12~14.8%,CaO:2.2~4%,MgO:2.2~3.8%,K 2O:1.8~3.2%,Na 2O:1.7~2.8%,ZnO:1~6%,ZrO 2:7~12%
Preferably, described ground-coat enamel contains following each component, by weight:
5 ~ 20 parts of silica powders, 18 ~ 32 parts of potassium felspar sands, 15 ~ 27 parts of albites, 3 ~ 5 parts, calcite, 5 ~ 9 parts of rhombspars, burn 4 ~ 9 parts, talcum, 4 ~ 10 parts of kaolin, 3 ~ 9 parts of calcined kaolins, 1 ~ 4 part, zinc oxide, 10 ~ 17 parts of zirconium silicates.
Preferred, described ground-coat enamel contains following each component, by weight:
17 ~ 19 parts of silica powders, 28 ~ 31 parts of potassium felspar sands, 23 ~ 25 parts of albites, 3 ~ 4 parts, calcite, 5 ~ 7 parts of rhombspars, burn 4 ~ 6 parts, talcum, 7 ~ 10 parts of kaolin, 6 ~ 9 parts of calcined kaolins, 1 ~ 3 part, zinc oxide, 10 ~ 17 parts of zirconium silicates.
Further preferred scheme is that the glaze face thickness of described pouring cover-coat enamel is 0.4 ~ 0.6mm.
Further preferred scheme is that the glaze face thickness of described pouring ground-coat enamel is 0.3 ~ 0.4mm.
Further preferred scheme is that it is 1190 ℃ ~ 1220 ℃ that described high temperature burns till the temperature of calcining in glazed body step.
Further preferred scheme is, is the calcining of 1190 ℃ ~ 1220 ℃ through excess temperature, glazed body water-intake rate≤0.08%.
Further preferred scheme is, described polishing step is for being used the glossing of one or both abrading blocks of magnesia abrading block and diamond grinding block completely, and polishing effect is better.
Further preferred scheme is, the specific gravity control of described cover-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.82 ~ 1.84, and flow rate control was at 30 ~ 33 seconds; The specific gravity control of ground-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.80 ~ 1.83, and flow rate control was at 28 ~ 31 seconds.
The present invention also provides a kind of ceramic tile of making according to the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of above-mentioned once-firing.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of technical solution of the present invention is:
1. the present invention fills a prescription by special cover-coat enamel, introduces a large amount of Al 2o 3, the SiO in minimizing system 2content, the crystallization degree after the alkaline earth metal oxide content surface glaze in filling a prescription by adjustment burns till, reaches later soil pick-up not of glaze mirror polish, wear-resisting, and whole penetrating object; Meanwhile, by introduce a large amount of ZnO and BaO in cover-coat enamel, make colorant can keep beautiful color in sintering process.
2. by special base substrate powder formulation structure, increase the mullite crystalline phase after adobe is burnt till, reduce the Free quartz content after adobe is burnt till, reach the raising adobe overall thermal coefficient of expansion than common polished tile and entirely throw glaze low, the object that adobe refractoriness is high.
3. by special ground-coat enamel, fill a prescription, improve the Free quartz content after ground-coat enamel burns till, increase the alkali metal oxide content after ground-coat enamel burns till, reduce the alkaline earth metal oxide content after ground-coat enamel burns till, reach the object that increases ground-coat enamel thermal expansivity, meanwhile, can introducing portion ZnO, the color development effect of auxiliary colorant in sintering process.
In a word, adopt above-mentioned base substrate powder, ground-coat enamel, the cover-coat enamel formula gained product that combines, because of its matched coefficients of thermal expansion, refractoriness is high, burns till rear adobe bulk deformation degree and local deformaton degree and easily controls, in the situation that glaze is ultra-thin, use the glossing of one or both abrading blocks of magnesia abrading block and diamond grinding block completely, the super spar product of gained, has microlite penetrating beautiful, smooth as mirror, soil pick-up not completely, and entirely throws the frivolous advantage such as wear-resisting of glaze.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, further describe the present invention, but embodiment does not limit in any form to the present invention.
Unless stated otherwise, the present invention adopts raw material and method, equipment are raw material, the method and apparatus of the art routine.
embodiment mono-
The present invention discloses the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of a kind of once-firing, comprises step: prepare base substrate powder, pressing unfired brick, base substrate clean, drench ground-coat enamel, stamp, pouring cover-coat enamel, high temperature and burn till glazed body, polishing, surface treatment, edging, packaging final prod.
The formula of the base substrate powder first the present embodiment being adopted, ground-coat enamel, cover-coat enamel elaborates.
Base substrate powder comprises following component, by weight: 24.5 parts of potassium sodium stone flours, 10 parts, potassium sand, 11 parts, middle temperature sand, 21 parts of high alumina sands, 15 parts of kaolin, 14 parts of mud washings, 1.5 parts of wilkinites, 3 parts of black talcs, auxiliary agent and water are appropriate.
Ground-coat enamel comprises following component, by weight: 18 parts of silica powders, 30 parts of potassium felspar sands, 25 parts of albites, 3 parts, calcite, 5 parts of rhombspars, burn 4 parts, talcum, 10 parts of kaolin, 9 parts of calcined kaolins, 2 parts, zinc oxide, 10 parts of zirconium silicates, auxiliary agent and water are appropriate.
Cover-coat enamel comprises following component, by weight: 6 parts of silica powders, 10 parts of potassium felspar sands, 21 parts of albites, 12 parts of rhombspars, burn 3 parts, talcum, 6 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of calcined kaolins, 5 parts, zinc oxide, 14 parts of barium carbonates, 3 parts of wollastonites, auxiliary agent and water are appropriate.
Concrete making processes is:
First, according to above-mentioned formula, by existing full throwing glaze production technique, process respectively base substrate powder, ground-coat enamel glaze slip, the cover-coat enamel glaze slip needing, place standby.
Secondly, use base substrate powder, base substrate with press-molding 800mm*800mm, use and wipe the clean billet surface of base machine, enter dry kiln and dry moisture content, obtain dry kiln base substrate moisture content weight percent below 0.5%, adobe surface temperature is measured as 60 ~ 65 degrees Celsius with temperature measuring device, and green strength is not less than 1.6Mpa.In the present embodiment, going out dry kiln base substrate moisture content weight percent is 0.4%, and adobe surface temperature is measured as 60 degrees Celsius with temperature measuring device, and green strength is 1.9MPa.
Then, by bell jar slip shower, on adobe surface, spoon ground-coat enamel glaze slip, wherein, the specific gravity control of ground-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.80 ~ 1.83, and flow rate control was at 28 ~ 31 seconds; In the present embodiment, the proportion of ground-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.82, and flow velocity is 30 seconds.Regulate the flow valve on bell jar slip shower, make to meet sprinkle at adobe surface glaze slip thickness in the scope at 0.3 ~ 0.4mm, in the present embodiment, sprinkle is 0.35mm at adobe surface glaze slip thickness.
Then, with ink-jet decorating machine or screen decorating machine, on adobe surface, spray or stamp layout, decorate.
Follow, by bell jar slip shower, on the adobe surface of having decorated, spoon cover-coat enamel glaze slip, wherein, the specific gravity control of cover-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.82 ~ 1.84, and flow rate control was at 30 ~ 33 seconds.In the present embodiment, the proportion of cover-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.83, and flow velocity is 32 seconds.Regulate the flow valve on bell jar slip shower, make to meet sprinkle at the surperficial glaze slip thickness of the adobe of having decorated in the scope at 0.4 ~ 0.6mm, in the present embodiment, sprinkle is 0.55mm at the surperficial glaze slip thickness of the adobe of having decorated.
Follow, in Inlet roller conveyor kiln, burn till, maximum sintering temperature is controlled at 1190 ~ 1220 degrees Celsius, and in the present embodiment, maximum sintering temperature is controlled at 1203 degrees Celsius.Base substrate water-intake rate is 0.06% after testing.
Finally, above-mentioned roller kiln gained work in-process are carried out to polishing, adopt one or both abrading blocks of magnesia abrading block and diamond grinding block, carry out conventional surface treatment after throwing, edging, packs to obtain finished product.In the present embodiment, adopt the glossing of magnesia abrading block to carry out polishing completely.
In the present embodiment, through calculating, the chemical constitution content in known above-mentioned formula is as follows:
The chemical constitution content (mass percent) of base substrate powder formulation is: SiO 2: 67.7, Al 2o 3: 19.4, CaO:0.82, MgO:0.88, K 2o:2.85, Na 2o:2.36, Fe 2o 3: 0.72, TiO 2: 0.31, loss on ignition IL=4.96.
The chemical constitution content (mass percent) of ground-coat enamel formula is: SiO 2: 66.3, Al 2o 3: 13.1, CaO:3.7, MgO:2.6, K 2o:2.4, Na 2o:1.9, ZnO:2, ZrO 2: 7.1, loss on ignition IL=3.32.
The chemical constitution content (mass percent) of cover-coat enamel formula is: SiO 2: 55.4, Al 2o 3: 14.1, CaO:7, MgO:4, K 2o:1.5, Na 2o:3, ZnO:4, BaO:10.3.
The super spar product that utilizes the present embodiment composition of raw materials and step to make is as penetrating beautiful, smooth as mirror, soil pick-up not completely as microlite, more frivolous more wear-resisting than full throwing glaze.
In addition, according to standard GB/T/T3810.14-2006, to ceramic antifouling property testing method test, product antifouling property is divided into A, B, C, tetra-ranks of D, and wherein A level is best, and D level is the poorest.The product that employing the present embodiment technique makes is soil pick-up not, and antifouling property reaches A level.
embodiment bis-
What the present embodiment was different from embodiment mono-is the formula of ground-coat enamel.Its formula is as follows:
Ground-coat enamel comprises following component, by weight: 19 parts of silica powders, 29 parts of potassium felspar sands, 24 parts of albites, 3 parts, calcite, 5 parts of rhombspars, burn 4 parts, talcum, 10 parts of kaolin, 9 parts of calcined kaolins, 1 part, zinc oxide, 10 parts of zirconium silicates, auxiliary agent and water are appropriate.
Through calculating, the chemical constitution content (mass percent) that known above-mentioned ground-coat enamel is filled a prescription corresponding is: SiO 2: 65.5, Al 2o 3: 13.9, CaO:3.1, MgO:2.3, K 2o:2.8, Na 2o:2.5, ZnO:1, ZrO 2: 7.1, loss on ignition IL=3.32.
Making processes is the same with embodiment mono-.
The super spar product that utilizes the composition of raw materials of the present embodiment to make is as penetrating beautiful, smooth as mirror, soil pick-up not completely as microlite, more frivolous more wear-resisting than full throwing glaze.
In addition, according to standard GB/T/T3810.14-2006, to ceramic antifouling property testing method test, product antifouling property is divided into A, B, C, tetra-ranks of D, and wherein A level is best, and D level is the poorest.The product that employing the present embodiment technique makes is soil pick-up not, and antifouling property reaches A level.
embodiment tri-
What the present embodiment was different from embodiment mono-is the formula of cover-coat enamel.Its formula is as follows:
Cover-coat enamel comprises following component, by weight: 8 parts of silica powders, 9 parts of potassium felspar sands, 23 parts of albites, 12 parts of rhombspars, burn 3 parts, talcum, 6 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of calcined kaolins, 6 parts, zinc oxide, 10 parts of barium carbonates, 3 parts of wollastonites, auxiliary agent and water are appropriate.
Through calculating, the chemical constitution content (mass percent) that known above-mentioned cover-coat enamel is filled a prescription corresponding is: SiO 2: 50.3, Al 2o 3: 14.8, CaO:6.1, MgO:4.2, K 2o:1.5, Na 2o:2.8, ZnO, 7.8, BaO, 12.5.
Making processes is the same with embodiment mono-.
The super spar product that utilizes the composition of raw materials of the present embodiment to make is as penetrating beautiful, smooth as mirror, soil pick-up not completely as microlite, more frivolous more wear-resisting than full throwing glaze.
In addition, according to standard GB/T/T3810.14-2006, to ceramic antifouling property testing method test, product antifouling property is divided into A, B, C, tetra-ranks of D, and wherein A level is best, and D level is the poorest.The product that employing the present embodiment technique makes is soil pick-up not, and antifouling property reaches A level.
embodiment tetra-
The formula of the base substrate powder first the present embodiment being adopted, ground-coat enamel, cover-coat enamel elaborates.
Base substrate powder comprises following component, by weight: 20.5 parts of potassium sodium stone flours, 14 parts, potassium sand, 12 parts, middle temperature sand, 20 parts of high alumina sands, 15 parts of kaolin, 14 parts of mud washings, 1.5 parts of wilkinites, 3 parts of black talcs, auxiliary agent and water are appropriate.
Ground-coat enamel comprises following component, by weight: 15 parts of silica powders, 27 parts of potassium felspar sands, 24 parts of albites, 3 parts, calcite, 5 parts of rhombspars, burn 4 parts, talcum, 9 parts of kaolin, 8 parts of calcined kaolins, 2 parts, zinc oxide, 16 parts of zirconium silicates, auxiliary agent and water are appropriate.
Cover-coat enamel comprises following component, by weight: 6 parts of silica powders, 10 parts of potassium felspar sands, 21 parts of albites, 12 parts of rhombspars, burn 3 parts, talcum, 6 parts of kaolin, 20 parts of calcined kaolins, 5 parts, zinc oxide, 14 parts of barium carbonates, 3 parts of wollastonites, auxiliary agent and water are appropriate.
Concrete making processes is:
First, according to above-mentioned formula, by existing full throwing glaze production technique, process respectively base substrate powder, ground-coat enamel glaze slip, the cover-coat enamel glaze slip needing, place standby.
Secondly, use base substrate powder, base substrate with press-molding 800mm*800mm, use and wipe the clean billet surface of base machine, enter dry kiln and dry moisture content, obtain dry kiln base substrate moisture content weight percent below 0.5%, adobe surface temperature is measured as 60 ~ 65 degrees Celsius with temperature measuring device, and green strength is not less than 1.6Mpa.In the present embodiment, going out dry kiln base substrate moisture content weight percent is 0.4%, and adobe surface temperature is measured as 60 degrees Celsius with temperature measuring device, and green strength is 1.9MPa.
Then, by bell jar slip shower, on adobe surface, spoon ground-coat enamel glaze slip, wherein, the specific gravity control of ground-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.80 ~ 1.83, and flow rate control was at 28 ~ 31 seconds; In the present embodiment, the proportion of ground-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.82, and flow velocity is 30 seconds.Regulate the flow valve on bell jar slip shower, make to meet sprinkle at adobe surface glaze slip thickness in the scope at 0.3 ~ 0.4mm, in the present embodiment, sprinkle is 0.4mm at adobe surface glaze slip thickness.
Then, by bell jar slip shower, on the adobe surface of having decorated, spoon cover-coat enamel glaze slip, wherein, the specific gravity control of cover-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.82 ~ 1.84, and flow rate control was at 30 ~ 33 seconds.In the present embodiment, the proportion of cover-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.83, and flow velocity is 32 seconds.Regulate the flow valve on bell jar slip shower, make to meet sprinkle at the surperficial glaze slip thickness of the adobe of having decorated in the scope at 0.4 ~ 0.6mm, in the present embodiment, sprinkle is 0.4mm at the surperficial glaze slip thickness of the adobe of having decorated.
Follow, in Inlet roller conveyor kiln, burn till, maximum sintering temperature is controlled at 1190 ~ 1220 degrees Celsius, and in the present embodiment, maximum sintering temperature is 1210 degrees Celsius.After testing, base substrate water-intake rate is 0.07%.
Finally, above-mentioned roller kiln gained work in-process are carried out to polishing, adopt one or both abrading blocks of magnesia abrading block and diamond grinding block, carry out conventional surface treatment after throwing, edging, packs to obtain finished product.In the present embodiment, the glossing that adopts diamond grinding block to be combined with magnesia abrading block carries out polishing.
In the present embodiment, known through calculating, the chemical constitution content in above-mentioned formula is:
The chemical constitution content (mass percent) of base substrate powder formulation is: SiO 2: 67.9, Al 2o 3: 19.2, CaO:0.82, MgO:0.88, K 2o:2.95, Na 2o:2.3, Fe 2o 3: 0.68, TiO 2: 0.31, loss on ignition IL=4.92.
The chemical constitution content (mass percent) of ground-coat enamel formula is: SiO 2: 65.3, Al 2o 3: 12.1, CaO:3.7, MgO:2.6, K 2o:2.4, Na 2o:1.9, ZnO:2, ZrO 2: 10.
The chemical constitution content (mass percent) of cover-coat enamel formula is: SiO 2: 55.4, Al 2o 3: 14.1, CaO:7, MgO:4, K 2o:1.5, Na 2o:3, ZnO:4, BaO:11.
Utilize the super spar product that step makes described in the present embodiment, as pure white as congealed fat jade, smooth as mirror, soil pick-up not completely, lighter and thinner more wear-resisting than the pure white microlite of traditional silicon lime stone crystalline phase.
In addition, according to standard GB/T/T3810.14-2006, to ceramic antifouling property testing method test, product antifouling property is divided into A, B, C, tetra-ranks of D, and wherein A level is best, and D level is the poorest.The product that employing the present embodiment technique makes is soil pick-up not, and antifouling property reaches A level.
embodiment five
The formula of the present embodiment cover-coat enamel is as follows:
Cover-coat enamel comprises following component, by weight: 13 parts of silica powders, 20 parts of potassium felspar sands, 27 parts of albites, 18 parts of rhombspars, burn 5 parts, talcum, 4 parts of kaolin, 15 parts of calcined kaolins, 5 parts, zinc oxide, 8 parts of barium carbonates, 6 parts of wollastonites.
Through calculating, the chemical constitution content (mass percent) that known above-mentioned cover-coat enamel is filled a prescription corresponding is: SiO 2: 58.1, Al 2o 3: 14.7, CaO:7.5, MgO:5, K 2o:1.7, Na 2o:3, ZnO:4.6, BaO:6.
Through calculating, the chemical constitution content (mass percent) that known above-mentioned cover-coat enamel is filled a prescription corresponding is: SiO 2: 52.6, Al 2o 3: 13.7, CaO:7.1, MgO:4.4, K 2o:1.8, Na 2o:3.1, ZnO:5, BaO:8.
And the composition of raw materials of base substrate powder, ground-coat enamel employing prior art routine.
Making processes is the same with embodiment mono-.
The super spar product that utilizes the composition of raw materials of the present embodiment to make, stereoscopic sensation is strong, and exquisite in texture is observed in face of common fluorescent lamp, and reflection fluorescent tube is straight, soft.
In addition, according to standard GB/T/T3810.14-2006, to ceramic antifouling property testing method test, product antifouling property is divided into A, B, C, tetra-ranks of D, and wherein A level is best, and D level is the poorest.The product that employing the present embodiment technique makes is soil pick-up not, and antifouling property reaches A level.
embodiment six
Adopt the resulting super spar product of above-described embodiment one to embodiment five making to be directly layered on flow of the people large, on the passageway of office of factory, with microlite, common polished tile, common full throwing glaze compares acquired results and is: four kinds of products of paving simultaneously, and after microlite first quarter moon, there are a lot of tiny cuts on surface, and have large cut, full wafer brick changes so much that one loses one's identity; Common full throwing glaze also has a lot of tiny cuts after January, surface is fuzzy, loses original texture; The super spar of product of the present invention is after June, and surface only has several tiny cuts, and under glaze, pattern lines is clear, glittering and translucent equally, glossiness during as just paving, reach 98 degree, also have obvious mirror effect; The tiny cut of common polished tile is less, but because its glossiness just only had 80 degree left and right originally, therefore mirror effect is poor, and there is no good texture.
To sum up, the present invention had both solved that microlite fastness to rubbing in prior art is poor, the problem of processing difficulties, also solved full throwing glaze soil pick-up, easily show-through, brick face uneven and the defects such as water ripples that cause.The super spar product that utilizes the present invention to produce, has microlite penetrating beautiful, smooth as mirror, soil pick-up not completely, and entirely throws the frivolous advantage such as wear-resisting of glaze.
Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention is only for example of the present invention is clearly described, and is not the restriction to embodiments of the present invention.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without also giving all embodiments.All any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in the protection domain of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of once-firing, comprise step: prepare base substrate powder, pressing unfired brick, base substrate clean, drench ground-coat enamel, stamp, pouring cover-coat enamel, high temperature and burn till glazed body, polishing, surface treatment, edging, packaging final prod, it is characterized in that, described cover-coat enamel contains following each component, by weight:
5 ~ 13 parts of silica powders, 3 ~ 20 parts of potassium felspar sands, 20 ~ 28 parts of albites, 12 ~ 18 parts of rhombspars, burn 3 ~ 6 parts, talcum, 3 ~ 8 parts of kaolin, 14 ~ 22 parts of calcined kaolins, 7 ~ 14 parts of 3 ~ 8 parts of barium carbonates of zinc oxide, 3 ~ 6 parts of wollastonites;
Described base substrate powder contains following each component, by weight:
18 ~ 26 parts of potassium sodium stone flours, 10 ~ 16 parts, potassium sand, 8 ~ 15 parts, middle temperature sand, 15 ~ 23 parts of high alumina sands, 10 ~ 18 parts of kaolin, 8 ~ 15 parts of mud washings, 1 ~ 4 part of wilkinite, 3 ~ 5 parts of black talcs;
Described ground-coat enamel contains following each component, by weight:
3 ~ 20 parts of silica powders, 15 ~ 33 parts of potassium felspar sands, 11 ~ 28 parts of albites, 3 ~ 6 parts, calcite, 5 ~ 9 parts of rhombspars, burn 4 ~ 10 parts, talcum, 3 ~ 10 parts of kaolin, 2 ~ 9 parts of calcined kaolins, 1 ~ 5 part, zinc oxide, 10 ~ 17 parts of zirconium silicates.
2. the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of once-firing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, each chemical composition that described cover-coat enamel contains following mass percent:
SiO 2:46~60%,Al 2O 3:12~15%,CaO:4~7.5%,MgO:3.5~5%,K 2O:0.5~3%,Na 2O:2.6~3.2%,ZnO:3~8%,BaO:6~14%。
3. the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of once-firing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, each chemical composition that described base substrate powder contains following mass percent:
SiO 2:65.5~69%,Al 2O 3:19~21.5%,CaO:0.5~~1%,MgO:0.3~1%,K 2O:2.8~3.5%,Na 2O:1.6~2.5%,Fe 2O 3:0.2~0.99%,TiO 2:0.1~0.5%。
4. the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of once-firing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, each chemical composition that described ground-coat enamel contains following mass percent:
SiO 2:65~75%,Al 2O 3:12~14.8%,CaO:2.2~4%,MgO:2.2~3.8%,K 2O:1.8~3.2%,Na 2O:1.7~2.8%,ZnO:1~6%,ZrO 2:7~12%。
5. the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of once-firing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the glaze face thickness of described pouring cover-coat enamel is 0.4 ~ 0.6mm, and the glaze face thickness of described pouring ground-coat enamel is 0.3 ~ 0.4mm.
6. the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of once-firing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it is 1190 ℃ ~ 1220 ℃ that described high temperature burns till the temperature of calcining in glazed body step, is the calcining of 1190 ℃ ~ 1220 ℃ through excess temperature, glazed body water-intake rate≤0.08%.
7. the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of once-firing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the specific gravity control of described cover-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.82 ~ 1.84, and flow rate control was at 30 ~ 33 seconds; The specific gravity control of ground-coat enamel glaze slip is 1.80 ~ 1.83, and flow rate control was at 28 ~ 31 seconds.
8. a ceramic tile of making according to the production method of the super spar ceramic tile of once-firing described in claim 1 to 7 any one.
CN201310382746.9A 2013-08-28 2013-08-28 Production method of once-fired super-spar ceramic tile and ceramic tile CN103467103B (en)

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