CN103460884A - Hydraulically powered guide rod-slider type peanut harvesting device - Google Patents

Hydraulically powered guide rod-slider type peanut harvesting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103460884A
CN103460884A CN2013104616836A CN201310461683A CN103460884A CN 103460884 A CN103460884 A CN 103460884A CN 2013104616836 A CN2013104616836 A CN 2013104616836A CN 201310461683 A CN201310461683 A CN 201310461683A CN 103460884 A CN103460884 A CN 103460884A
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China
Prior art keywords
grippers
oil circuit
guide rod
hydraulic cylinder
control device
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CN2013104616836A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103460884B (en
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王晓燕
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王晓燕
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Abstract

The invention provides a hydraulically powered guide rod-slider type peanut harvesting device which comprises a grabbing component, a lifting component, a hydraulic cylinder component, a control component and a rack (2), wherein the rack (2) is connected with the grabbing component by a grabbing component hinge shaft; the lifting component comprises a guide rod (14) arranged on the rack (2), and a slider (15) which is arranged on the guide rod (14) and can slide vertically along the guide rod, and the slider (15) is connected with the grabbing component by a connecting rod pivot between two connecting rods (10); the hydraulic cylinder component comprises a hydraulic cylinder (3), an upper oil channel (13b), a lower oil channel (13a) and a hydraulic valve (8), and a piston rod (4) is connected with the slider (15); the control component is used for controlling the hydraulic valve (8) to switch the upper oil channel (13b) and the lower oil channel (13a).

Description

A kind of hydraulically powered guide rod slidding-block type harvesting peanut device
Technical field
The application relates to the harvesting peanut device, is specially a kind of hydraulically powered guide rod slidding-block type harvesting peanut device.
Background technology
Peanut is one of most important crops of China, is accounting for very important status in the agricultural production of China.China take in many areas the plantation peanut be the main source of income, especially some local rural area in Shandong, the peanut of every Cotton Varieties by Small Farming Households up to tens mu, but be engaged in agriculture but transfer to urban work because the young man in present rural area generally stays out, life, therefore the labour who day by day reduces in village depends merely on manual results peanut and has been not enough to so large amount of labour, especially the season that need to gather in the crops at peanut, if catch up with rainwater weather not in time results can cause the peanut fruit to fall in the ground the difficulty that increases results, if perhaps dry weather, if results can increase because of the land for building hardening difficulty of results equally not in time.And automatic peanut reaping machine of the prior art is not mature enough, to install loaded down with trivial detailsly, reliability is not high, and unstable properties is not high to effective snatch rate of peanut, easily misses the peanut in ground.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to existing technological deficiency, and a kind of hydraulically powered guide rod slidding-block type harvesting peanut device is provided, it is convenient to install, and operating reliability is high, and stable performance is high to effective snatch rate of peanut, can significantly improve the efficiency of crop of peanut.
The scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of hydraulically powered guide rod slidding-block type harvesting peanut device, comprise the grippers assembly, lifting assembly, hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, Control Component and frame, described grippers assembly comprises a pair of grippers, described a pair of grippers is hinged by the grippers jointed shaft, the bottom that the described grippers jointed shaft of take is the separation grippers is outwards outstanding hook-type of both sides, for capturing the peanut seedling be planted in soil together with the peanut fruit, the top of grippers has two protrusion limiting sections that are positioned at end, described protrusion limiting section carries out spacing to closed amplitude when closed for the bottom in grippers, and there is the gap of strip between the top that is arranged so that described a pair of grippers of protrusion limiting section when closure, the both sides in described a pair of grippers strip gap below described protrusion limiting section have circular port, it is connected with the flexible band that limits, the described flexible band that limits links together the top of grippers, for limiting the amplitude of opening of described a pair of grippers, be provided with pulling force sensor for the flexible tension that limits band of sensing at a described flexible end place that limits band, protrude the limiting section place at two and be provided with the closure of feeler for two grippers of sensing, the top on described a pair of grippers top is connected with an end of two connecting rods by pivotal axis respectively, the other end of described two connecting rods connects by the mutual pivotable of connecting rod pivotal axis,
Described lifting assembly comprises the guide rod be arranged on frame, and is arranged on the slide block that can slide up and down along guide rod on guide rod, and described slide block is connected with the grippers assembly by the connecting rod pivotal axis between two connecting rods;
Described hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly comprises driving hydraulic cylinder, upper oil circuit, lower oil circuit and hydraulic valve, described driving hydraulic cylinder is arranged on frame, the piston rod of described driving hydraulic cylinder is connected with slide block, and described hydraulic valve is for being switched between oil-feed and oil return upper oil circuit, lower oil circuit respectively;
Described Control Component comprises control device and control line, described control device can receive the signal of described pulling force sensor and feeler, and can be according to the described hydraulic valve of the signal controlling of sensor, thereby respectively the oil-feed of upper oil circuit and lower oil circuit and oil return be controlled to realize to drive the stretching out and retraction of piston rod of hydraulic cylinder;
On under the control at hydraulic valve, oil circuit is as in-line and lower oil circuit during as return line, piston rod moves downward in driving hydraulic cylinder, thereby the band movable slider is along the guide rod down sliding, and then drive two connecting rods and open, now, the top of grippers assembly is opened and is being driven the flexible band that limits and outwards stretches under connecting rod pushing effect, when pulling force sensor senses flexible restriction band tension, signal is sent to control device, control device controls that hydraulic valve switches to return line by upper oil circuit and lower oil circuit switches to in-line, now, piston rod moves upward in hydraulic cylinder, thereby the band movable slider is along the guide rod upward sliding, and then drive two connecting rod closures, now, the top of grippers assembly is closed under the traction action of connecting rod, when feeler sensing closure signal, closure signal is sent to control device, control device is controlled hydraulic valve and again upper oil circuit is switched to in-line and lower oil circuit is switched to return line, so circulation.
The present invention by the technique effect that adopts such scheme is, bracing frame is connected with the grippers assembly by pivotal axis respectively with slide block, and then finally realizing opening and closure of grippers assembly by the lifting of hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly band movable slider, operating reliability is high, has improved the efficiency of crop of peanut; By the top in grippers, stretching or the contracted length signal of two sensors with the sensing flexible-belt is set, makes control device control on this basis the switching of hydraulic valve to oil circuit, improved the control accuracy of control device; The bottom of grippers is outwards outstanding hook-type of both sides, can realize the crawl on a large scale of peanut seedling, improves effective snatch rate of peanut; In addition, protrude limiting section and carry out can be closed in the bottom of grippers the time spacingly to closed amplitude, avoided the blindness closure of grippers, less waste.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of grippers of the present invention while opening;
Schematic diagram when Fig. 2 is grippers closure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the assembling schematic diagram of harvesting peanut device of the present invention.
Embodiment
A kind of hydraulically powered guide rod slidding-block type harvesting peanut device, comprise the grippers assembly, lifting assembly, hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, Control Component and frame, described grippers assembly comprises a pair of grippers 1, described a pair of grippers 1 is hinged by the grippers jointed shaft, the bottom that the described grippers jointed shaft of take is separation grippers 1 is outwards outstanding hook-type of both sides, for capturing the peanut seedling be planted in soil together with the peanut fruit, the top of grippers 1 has two protrusion limiting sections 6 that are positioned at end, described protrusion limiting section 6 carries out spacing to closed amplitude when closed for the bottom in grippers 1, and there is the gap of strip between the top that is arranged so that described a pair of grippers 1 of protrusion limiting section when closure, the both sides in described a pair of grippers 1 strip gap below described protrusion limiting section have circular port, it is connected with flexible the restriction and is with 5, described flexible the restriction links together the top of grippers 1 with 5, for limiting the amplitude of opening of described a pair of grippers 1, be provided with pulling force sensor 12a for the flexible tension limited with 5 of sensing at the described flexible end place limited with 5, protrude limiting section 6 places at two and be provided with the closure of feeler 12b for two grippers of sensing, the top on described a pair of grippers 1 top is connected with an end of two connecting rods 10 by pivotal axis respectively, the other end of described two connecting rods 10 connects by the mutual pivotable of connecting rod pivotal axis,
Described lifting assembly comprises the guide rod 14 be arranged on frame, and is arranged on the slide block 15 that can slide up and down along guide rod 14 on guide rod 14, and described slide block 15 is connected with the grippers assembly by the connecting rod pivotal axis between two connecting rods 10;
Described hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly comprises driving hydraulic cylinder 3, upper oil circuit 13b, lower oil circuit 13a and hydraulic valve 8, described driving hydraulic cylinder 3 is arranged on frame, the piston rod 4 of described driving hydraulic cylinder 3 is connected with slide block 15, and described hydraulic valve 8 is for being switched between oil-feed and oil return upper oil circuit 13b, lower oil circuit 13a respectively;
Described Control Component comprises control device 9 and control line 11, described control device 9 can receive the signal of described pulling force sensor 12a and feeler 12b, and can be according to the described hydraulic valve 8 of the signal controlling of sensor, thereby respectively the oil-feed of upper oil circuit 13b and lower oil circuit 13a and oil return be controlled to realize to drive the stretching out and retraction of piston rod 4 of hydraulic cylinder 3;
On under the control at hydraulic valve 8, oil circuit 13b is as in-line and lower oil circuit 13a during as return line, piston rod 4 moves downward in driving hydraulic cylinder 3, thereby band movable slider 15 is along guide rod 14 down slidings, and then drive two connecting rods 10 and open, now, the top of grippers assembly is opened and is being driven flexible the restriction and is with 5 outwards to stretch under the pushing effect of connecting rod 10, when pulling force sensor 12a senses flexible the restriction while being with 5 tension, signal is sent to control device 9, control device 9 controls that hydraulic valves 8 switch to return line by upper oil circuit 13b and lower oil circuit 13a switches to in-line, now, piston rod 4 moves upward in hydraulic cylinder 3, thereby band movable slider 15 is along guide rod 14 upward slidings, and then drive two connecting rod 10 closures, now, the top of grippers assembly is closed under the traction action of connecting rod 10, when feeler 12b sensing closure signal, closure signal is sent to control device 9, control device 9 is controlled hydraulic valve 8 and again upper oil circuit 13b is switched to in-line and lower oil circuit 13a is switched to return line, so circulation.

Claims (1)

1. a hydraulically powered guide rod slidding-block type harvesting peanut device, comprise the grippers assembly, lifting assembly, hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly, Control Component and frame (2), described grippers assembly comprises a pair of grippers (1), described a pair of grippers (1) is hinged by the grippers jointed shaft, the bottom that the described grippers jointed shaft of take is separation grippers (1) is outwards outstanding hook-type of both sides, for capturing the peanut seedling be planted in soil together with the peanut fruit, the top of grippers (1) has two protrusion limiting sections (6) that are positioned at end, described protrusion limiting section (6) carries out spacing to closed amplitude when closed for the bottom in grippers (1), and there is the gap of strip between the top that is arranged so that described a pair of grippers (1) of protrusion limiting section when closure, described a pair of grippers (1) has circular port in the both sides in strip gap below described protrusion limiting section, it is connected with the flexible band (5) that limits, the described flexible band (5) that limits links together the top of grippers (1), for limiting the amplitude of opening of described a pair of grippers (1), be provided with pulling force sensor (12a) for the flexible tension that limits band (5) of sensing at a described flexible end place that limits band (5), protrude limiting section (6) at two and locate to be provided with the closure of feeler (12b) for two grippers of sensing, the top on described a pair of grippers (1) top is connected with an end of two connecting rods (10) by pivotal axis respectively, the other end of described two connecting rods (10) connects by the mutual pivotable of connecting rod pivotal axis,
Described lifting assembly comprises the guide rod (14) be arranged on frame (2), with be arranged on the slide block (15) that can slide up and down along guide rod (14) on guide rod (14), described slide block (15) is connected with the grippers assembly by the connecting rod pivotal axis between two connecting rods (10);
Described hydraulic pressure cylinder assembly comprises driving hydraulic cylinder (3), upper oil circuit (13b), lower oil circuit (13a) and hydraulic valve (8), described driving hydraulic cylinder (3) is arranged on frame, the piston rod (4) of described driving hydraulic cylinder (3) is connected with slide block (15), and described hydraulic valve (8) is for being switched between oil-feed and oil return upper oil circuit (13b), lower oil circuit (13a) respectively;
Described Control Component comprises control device (9) and control line (11), described control device (9) can receive the signal of described pulling force sensor (12a) and feeler (12b), and can be according to the described hydraulic valve of the signal controlling of sensor (8), thereby the stretching out and retraction of the piston rod (4) of respectively oil-feed and the oil return of upper oil circuit (13b) and lower oil circuit (13a) being controlled to realize driving hydraulic cylinder (3);
Under the control in hydraulic valve (8), upper oil circuit (13b) is as in-line and lower oil circuit (13a) during as return line, piston rod (4) moves downward in driving hydraulic cylinder (3), thereby band movable slider (15) is along guide rod (14) down sliding, and then drive two connecting rods (10) and open, now, the top of grippers assembly is opened and is being driven the flexible band (5) that limits and outwards stretches under the pushing effect of connecting rod (10), when pulling force sensor (12a) senses flexible restriction band (5) tension, signal is sent to control device (9), control device (9) controls that hydraulic valve (8) switches to return line by upper oil circuit (13b) and lower oil circuit (13a) switches to in-line, now, piston rod (4) moves upward in hydraulic cylinder (3), thereby band movable slider (15) is along guide rod (14) upward sliding, and then drive two connecting rods (10) closure, now, the top of grippers assembly is closed under the traction action of connecting rod (10), when feeler (12b) sensing closure signal, closure signal is sent to control device (9), control device (9) is controlled hydraulic valve (8) and again upper oil circuit (13b) is switched to in-line and lower oil circuit (13a) is switched to return line, so circulation.
CN201310461683.6A 2013-10-08 2013-10-08 A kind of hydraulically powered guide rod slidding-block type harvesting peanut device Expired - Fee Related CN103460884B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9775294B2 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-10-03 Indústrias Reunidas Colombo Ltda. Modular gathering platform for grain harvesters
US9788488B2 (en) 2015-03-30 2017-10-17 Indústrias Reunidas Colombo Ltda. Harvester and processor for peanuts

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4633955A (en) * 1985-04-11 1987-01-06 Lenard L. Bigler Digger for root crops
JPH09322624A (en) * 1996-06-10 1997-12-16 Kubota Corp Recovery part structure for root vegetable harvester
JP2000069826A (en) * 1998-08-31 2000-03-07 Iseki & Co Ltd Peanut harvester
JP2003339218A (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-12-02 Atex Co Ltd Crop-digging harvester
CN1504071A (en) * 2002-11-29 2004-06-16 侯瑞元 Harvester for peanut
CN2671316Y (en) * 2003-11-12 2005-01-19 辽宁省农业机械化研究所 Rootstock digger for deep root crops
EP1817952A2 (en) * 2006-02-11 2007-08-15 Franz Grimme Landmaschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG. Machine for grabbing and treating cropping soil
CN200994279Y (en) * 2007-02-02 2007-12-26 孙建国 Harvesting transplanter for crops and gardening trees
CN101569259A (en) * 2009-06-04 2009-11-04 陈书法 Intelligent automatic root tuber crop harvester
CN202068739U (en) * 2011-04-11 2011-12-14 白存华 Step-type numerical control ophiopogon root excavating machine

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4633955A (en) * 1985-04-11 1987-01-06 Lenard L. Bigler Digger for root crops
JPH09322624A (en) * 1996-06-10 1997-12-16 Kubota Corp Recovery part structure for root vegetable harvester
JP2000069826A (en) * 1998-08-31 2000-03-07 Iseki & Co Ltd Peanut harvester
JP2003339218A (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-12-02 Atex Co Ltd Crop-digging harvester
CN1504071A (en) * 2002-11-29 2004-06-16 侯瑞元 Harvester for peanut
CN2671316Y (en) * 2003-11-12 2005-01-19 辽宁省农业机械化研究所 Rootstock digger for deep root crops
EP1817952A2 (en) * 2006-02-11 2007-08-15 Franz Grimme Landmaschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG. Machine for grabbing and treating cropping soil
CN200994279Y (en) * 2007-02-02 2007-12-26 孙建国 Harvesting transplanter for crops and gardening trees
CN101569259A (en) * 2009-06-04 2009-11-04 陈书法 Intelligent automatic root tuber crop harvester
CN202068739U (en) * 2011-04-11 2011-12-14 白存华 Step-type numerical control ophiopogon root excavating machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9788488B2 (en) 2015-03-30 2017-10-17 Indústrias Reunidas Colombo Ltda. Harvester and processor for peanuts
US9775294B2 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-10-03 Indústrias Reunidas Colombo Ltda. Modular gathering platform for grain harvesters

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Owner name: WANG HONGYING

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Effective date: 20150731

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C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Wang Hongying

Inventor after: Yu Sen

Inventor after: Peng Erbao

Inventor after: Wang Jichang

Inventor after: Wang Zhe

Inventor after: Song Yanfang

Inventor after: Shang Changpei

Inventor after: Li Shiquan

Inventor after: Wang Zhenzhuo

Inventor after: Li Yongbiao

Inventor before: Wang Xiaoyan

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: WANG XIAOYAN TO: WANG HONGYING PENG ERBAO WANG JICHANG WANG ZHE SONG YANFANG SHANG CHANGPEI LI SHIQUAN WANG ZHENZHUO LI YONGBIAO YU SEN

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Address after: 473000 new campus of Henan Polytechnic Institute, 666 Kongming North Road, Henan, Nanyang

Applicant after: Wang Hongying

Address before: 321000 No. 85, Renmin East Road, Wucheng District, Zhejiang, Jinhua

Applicant before: Wang Xiaoyan

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150826

Termination date: 20161008