CN103449927A - Organic biological multi-element plant nutrient polymer and production method thereof - Google Patents

Organic biological multi-element plant nutrient polymer and production method thereof Download PDF

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CN103449927A
CN103449927A CN2013103995820A CN201310399582A CN103449927A CN 103449927 A CN103449927 A CN 103449927A CN 2013103995820 A CN2013103995820 A CN 2013103995820A CN 201310399582 A CN201310399582 A CN 201310399582A CN 103449927 A CN103449927 A CN 103449927A
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biological
water
heap
plant nutrition
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李旭东
韩润亭
李启云
郭希坚
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李旭东
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

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Abstract

The invention relates to an organic biological multi-element plant nutrient polymer and a production method thereof and belongs to the field of agriculture. Multiple plant nutrients dispersed in agricultural solid waste are quickly gathered through an organic biological fermentation technology; due to industrial processing, nutrient bodies or nutrient blocks are prepared, so that a supporting solid and a nutrient supplier are supplied to cultivation of plants. According to the organic biological multi-element plant nutrient polymer and the production method thereof, the included plant nutrient elements are gathered together through a technical measure of organic biological fermentation and decomposition of the agricultural solid waste and are used for development of ecological agriculture and recycling agriculture; therefore, the environment pollution is solved, and the scientific support is supplied to the construction of beautiful countries.

Description

Organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer and production method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture field, particularly relate to organic-biological product and the production method of the required multiple balanced nutrients element of a kind of cultivated plant, may be used on industrialized agriculture, growing vegetables and non-farming land exploitation, the development industrialized agriculture.
Background technology
Along with China's agricultural is fast-developing, all produce a large amount of agricultural solid residues every year.At present, China rural area does not also utilize as resource well to these wastes.Therefore, crop straw burning just occurs measuring from south to the Beijing University, formation flue dust, PM2.5 produce topsoil.The excrement dirt of rural area livestock and poultry breeding industry discharge, can not stack everywhere as fertilizer field also, becomes the important source of pollution of environment.Northeastern China is used chemical fertilizer for many years in a large number, and seldom or application of organic fertilizers, do not cause soil organic matter content constantly to reduce, and soil fertility goes down, and chemical fertilizer utilization ratio is not high, and quality of agricultural product descends.For the grain of producing, will constantly increase the input of chemical fertilizer more.Because the chemical fertilizer nutriment in a fertilizer is incomplete, this short slab of nutritional deficiency disease also highlights on blackland, becomes the main restrictive factor that continues to produce more food.Along with the process of urbanization, to plough and reducing, Food Security is also put in face of compatriots.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer and production method thereof, do not obtain the problem of fine utilization and contaminate environment to solve agricultural solid residue.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is: be to be made by raw material and the method for following ratio of weight and number:
Agricultural solid residue: crop material 50-80 part;
Animal dung 10-30 part;
Microbiobacterial agent 0.05-0.1 part;
Cinder 5-10 part;
Biological power plant ash 5-10 part;
Wilkinite 2-4 part;
Vinelandii 0.1-0.2 part;
Water-holding agent 0.5-2 part;
Method:
Get the raw material in formula, after agricultural solid residue is comprised to all kinds of crop material blending animal dung, the microbe inoculation microbial inoculum, heap fermentation under normal temperature condition, turning when temperature rises to 60-70 ° of C in heap, complete the fermentation decomposition when extremely in heap, temperature is down to normal temperature, then mixes cinder, the biological power plant ash, wilkinite, add vinelandii, water-holding agent, regulate the pH value to 6.5-7, by batch production production mold pressing, be processed into nourishing body or nutritive cube.
The present invention's stalk used is one or more the mixture in corn, paddy rice, soybean, wheat, broomcorn straw.
Animal dung of the present invention comprises one or more mixtures in chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung, sheep excrement.
The mixed bacteria liquid that microbiobacterial agent of the present invention is yeast, milk-acid bacteria, ratio is 4:6.
Water-holding agent of the present invention is polyacrylamide PAM water-loss reducer of soil.
The waste pollutant lime-ash that biological power plant ash of the present invention produces for straw electric generation plant.
The wilkinite of the reprocessing that wilkinite of the present invention is the generation of industrial colliery.
Vinelandii of the present invention are klebsiella (Klebsiella) and blown-ball Azotobacter (A. chroococcum), and ratio is 1:1.
The present invention's stalk used is chopped into 3-5mm length through rubbing, pulverizing, and water spills wet, makes relative water content at 50%-65%.
The application of a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer of the present invention in utilizing non-farmland plantation crop, described non-farmland comprises saltings, desert, Gobi desert or city roof platform.
The present invention utilizes agricultural solid residue, and by the process means of organic biological ferment decomposition, the nutrient for plants that it is contained is aggregating, and in order to develop the ecological agriculture and circular agriculture, solves environmental pollution, for building beautiful rural area, provides science and technology support.
Product of the present invention is that the carrier of cultivated plant is again the donor of its required various nutrients.Plant constitution one independent system with cultivation on it.This and traditional planting pattern fundamental difference point are to have broken away from farming land soil, have also just avoided soil-borne disease, insect pest and crop smothering, thereby have saved a large amount of agricultural chemicals.This product includes the various nutrients that plants needs, and nutritional deficiency disease does not occur crop, will save a large amount of chemical fertilizer.The most applicable exploitation water saving irrigation of product of the present invention.Thereby for Developing Water-saving Agriculture is started the Yi Tiaoxin road.
Product physico-chemical property index of the present invention:
1. particle diameter: 3-5mm;
2. unit weight: 0.30-0.50;
3. total porosity: > 75%;
4.pH:6.5-7;
Specific conductivity (EC): 1-2PPt.
Advantage of the present invention is, unit weight 0.5 g/cm 3, with producing upper conventional soil (vegetable garden soil) naturally, to compare, unit weight alleviates 50%, is beneficial to the operations such as a dead lift, transportation, is applicable to the plantation exploitations such as urban agriculture building, balcony; Total porosity 78%, be better than nature soil (vegetable garden soil); Saturation moisture capacity reaches 150%, higher than 2.2 times, natural soil (vegetable garden soil), shows that the patented product substrate block water conservation, water-holding capacity are very strong, is suitable for drought resisting, water-saving culture, reduces artificial irrigation times.
The nutritive cube be processed into the present invention, by experiment in cultivation, in vegetative growth phase, shows grow prolifically, well developed root system, and disease resistance is strong, obviously is better than control treatment, and the contrast root system development is obstructed, the performance poor growth, soil-borne disease is easy to get.While entering reproductive stage, performance is than contrast Blooming, result, and fruit colour is bright-coloured, and single fruit weight, higher than contrast, is plucked results in advance than contrast.Fruit quality is delicious, look bright, storage tolerance.
Product of the present invention can be used for plantling phase grow seedling nutritional matrix, can be used as again in crop cultivation nutrition substrate in the time of infertility.This and other patent of invention or produce the upper conventional product that uses, can only for seedling stage seedling medium essential difference is arranged.
The plant constitution independent system of product of the present invention and cultivation on it, with ground isolation cultivation, broken away from farmland soil.There is the non-farmland of big area in China, as saltings, desert, the Gobi desert that not even a blade of grass grows, and can be as the manor, region of product development of the present invention, for developing open country or modern plant as long as there is water source for irrigation to guarantee.Like this, just can constantly enlarge the farming land area, guarantee grain security.These regional people's activity is few, and environmental pollution is little, can produce organic vegetable and organic farm products.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
The raw material and the method that comprise following ratio of weight and number:
Agricultural solid residue: 50 parts of maize straws,
10 parts of pig manures;
Microbiobacterial agent: the mixed bacteria liquid of yeast, milk-acid bacteria, ratio is 4:6; 0.05 part;
5 parts of cinders;
Biological power plant ash: 5 parts of the waste pollutant lime-ash that straw electric generation plant produces;
2 parts of the wilkinites of the reprocessing that the industry colliery produces;
Vinelandii: klebsiella (Klebsiella) and blown-ball Azotobacter (A. chroococcum), ratio is 1:1,0.1 part;
Water-holding agent: 0.5 part of polyacrylamide PAM water-loss reducer of soil;
Method:
Get the raw material in formula, to be chopped into 3-5mm long through rubbing, pulverizing for maize straw used, water spills wet, make relative water content at 50%-65%, after above-mentioned maize straw is mixed to pig manure, the microbe inoculation microbial inoculum, heap fermentation under normal temperature condition, turning when temperature rises to 60-70 ° of C in heap, complete the fermentation decomposition when extremely in heap, temperature is down to normal temperature, then mix cinder, biological power plant ash, wilkinite, add vinelandii, water-holding agent, regulate the pH value to 6.5-7, by batch production production mold pressing, is processed into nourishing body or nutritive cube.
Embodiment 2
The raw material and the method that comprise following ratio of weight and number:
Agricultural solid residue: paddy rice, soybean stalk mix with arbitrary proportion, 65 parts;
Chicken manure, cow dung are mixed with arbitrary proportion, 20 parts;
Microbiobacterial agent: the mixed bacteria liquid of yeast, milk-acid bacteria, ratio is 4:6; 0.08 part;
7.5 parts of cinders;
Biological power plant ash: 7.5 parts of the waste pollutant lime-ash that straw electric generation plant produces;
3 parts of the wilkinites of the reprocessing that the industry colliery produces;
Vinelandii: klebsiella (Klebsiella) and blown-ball Azotobacter (A. chroococcum), ratio is 1:1,0.15 part;
Water-holding agent: 1.25 parts of polyacrylamide PAM water-loss reducer of soil;
Method:
Get the raw material in formula, to be chopped into 3-5mm long through rubbing, pulverizing for paddy rice used, soybean stalk, water spills wet, make relative water content at 50%-65%, after above-mentioned paddy rice, soybean stalk are mixed to chicken manure, cow dung, the microbe inoculation microbial inoculum, heap fermentation under normal temperature condition, turning when temperature rises to 60-70 ° of C in heap, complete the fermentation decomposition when extremely in heap, temperature is down to normal temperature, then mix cinder, biological power plant ash, wilkinite, add vinelandii, water-holding agent, regulate the pH value to 6.5-7, by batch production production mold pressing, is processed into nourishing body or nutritive cube.
Embodiment 3
The raw material and the method that comprise following ratio of weight and number:
Agricultural solid residue: corn, wheat, broomcorn straw mix with arbitrary proportion, 80 parts;
Pig manure, cow dung, sheep excrement mix with arbitrary proportion, 30 parts;
Microbiobacterial agent: the mixed bacteria liquid of yeast, milk-acid bacteria, ratio is 4:6; 0.1 part;
10 parts of cinders;
Biological power plant ash: 10 parts of the waste pollutant lime-ash that straw electric generation plant produces;
4 parts of the wilkinites of the reprocessing that the industry colliery produces;
Vinelandii: klebsiella (Klebsiella) and blown-ball Azotobacter (A. chroococcum), ratio is 1:1,0.2 part;
Water-holding agent: 2 parts of polyacrylamide PAM water-loss reducer of soil;
Method:
Get the raw material in formula, corn used, wheat, Chinese sorghum is through rubbing, it is long that pulverizing is chopped into 3-5mm, water spills wet, make relative water content at 50%-65%, by above-mentioned corn, wheat, broomcorn straw is mixed pig manure, cow dung, after the sheep excrement, the microbe inoculation microbial inoculum, heap fermentation under normal temperature condition, turning when temperature rises to 60-70 ° of C in heap, complete the fermentation decomposition when extremely in heap, temperature is down to normal temperature, then mix cinder, the biological power plant ash, wilkinite, add vinelandii, water-holding agent, regulate the pH value to 6.5-7, be processed into nourishing body or nutritive cube by batch production production mold pressing.
The specific embodiment of the present invention is not limited to the mode that above-described embodiment provides:
The present invention's crop material used is corn, paddy rice, soybean, wheat, broomcorn straw, can select the wherein mixture of one or more.
Animal dung of the present invention comprises one or more mixtures in chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung, sheep excrement.
Test example 1, do laboratory with nutritive cube product of the present invention and detect test
One, test articles for use:
4,500ml beaker; 1000.0g balance; Gauze, tweezers.
Two, test materials:
Product nutritive cube of the present invention; Pulverize the 3mm maize straw; The 4mm cinder sieves; Sieve the 5mm vegetable garden naturally soil, air-dry standby.
Three, test method:
Method with reference to Guo Shirong (2003) is carried out experimental determination.
By production technique of the present invention and production method, adopt above-mentioned starting material and method to be processed into nutritive cube, then smash to pieces gently, get 680 milliliters of (V) beakers of accurate measurement, weigh (W1), fill it up with the natural air drying determinand, and (W2) weighs.Then with the sealing of two-layer gauze, be immersed in diel in water, under saturated-water phase, take out and weigh (W3), then beaker is inverted, allow in beaker gravity water freely drain to after not there are flowing out, (W5) weighs.Press formula and calculate unit weight and porosity.
Unit weight (g/cm 3)=(W2-W1)/V
Total porosity (%)=(W3-W2)/V * 100
Ventilating slit (%)=(W3-W5)/V * 100
Water holding hole (%)=total porosity-ventilating slit
Four, test-results:
Figure 9701DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
The size of cultivation matrix particle directly has influence on other physical behaviors such as its unit weight, total porosity.Particle is thinner, and unit weight is larger, and total porosity is less; The particle of matrix is thicker, and unit weight is less, and total porosity is larger.The unit weight of matrix shows the porousness of matrix, and unit weight is excessive, consolidation too, and the venting and water permeable performance is poor, easily produces accumulated water; Unit weight is too small, and too loose, the venting and water permeable performance is better, is conducive to crop root and stretches, but be difficult for fixedly plant, easily topples over, and increases human assistance and fix in management.Show matrix unit weight 0.1-0.5 g/cm according to data 3be suitable for cultivating the short plant of little basin, and the indoor cultivation plant; Matrix unit weight 0.5-0.8g/cm 3be suitable for the large basin of outdoor planting and tall and big plant.The present invention selects 3-5mm on the determining of matrix granule, becomes the particle of product with the appropriate ratio hybrid process of carrier cinder, has reduced the substrate degradation smaller volume and has increased again permeability, and test-results unit weight is 0.50 g/cm 3, more moderate, and be suitable for indoor little basin plant growing, also be suitable for outdoor large basin plant growing.By field test, prove, cultivated maize, root system development are good, and the substrate block tightness degree of extrusion molding is moderate, and root system development is good, and can firmly fix plant, non-lodging,
According to above-mentioned test-results: advantage of the present invention is, unit weight 0.5 g/cm 3, with producing upper conventional soil (vegetable garden soil) naturally, to compare, unit weight alleviates 50%, is beneficial to the operations such as a dead lift, transportation, is applicable to the plantation exploitations such as urban agriculture building, balcony; Total porosity 78%, be better than nature soil (vegetable garden soil); Saturation moisture capacity reaches 150%, higher than 2.2 times, natural soil (vegetable garden soil), shows that the patented product substrate block water conservation, water-holding capacity are very strong, is suitable for drought resisting, water-saving culture, reduces artificial irrigation times.
Product of the present invention is rich in soil ulmin and plants needs various nutrient elements.The plant-growth of planting thereon is healthy and strong, not excessive growth, and disease-resistant, result is many, and output is high, quality better.
Test example 2, do the field cultivation test with nutritive cube product of the present invention
One, test method:
Test period is at 2012-2013, and within 2012, test area is 120 square metres.Test in 2013 is carried out in the heat-insulation plastic greenhouse of local suburb, and long 30 meters of booth is wide 10 meters, 300 square metres of areas, culturing vegetable kind cucumber, green pepper, tomato and muskmelon, strawberry and leaf vegetables spinach, caraway, cat ear dish etc.
Adopt feeding block seedlings raising, March 25 grew seedlings, and cucumber started to transplant seedlings April 29, was planted on nutritive cube of the present invention, nutritive cube was shoveled to the hole of a nutrition pot size by spacing in the rows, planted into rice shoot.Cucumber seeding row spacing 30 * 80cm.April 30, green pepper, tomato and muskmelon transplanted seedlings successively.Establish the cultivation of conventional soil naturally simultaneously and do contrast (ck).Manually water, apply fertilizer, beat fork with producing upper normal management.
Cucumber bloomed successively May 6, and tomato, muskmelon and green pepper are bloomed in May 12, May 31 and June 3 successively.May 21, cucumber was plucked, and July 4, July 8, tomato, green pepper enter the harvesting animated period, the muskmelon harvesting that comes to the ripening period on July 16.Do the product fruit yield measures simultaneously.
Two, test-results:
Figure 2013103995820100002DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
Above-mentioned test-results shows, the nutritive cube be processed into the present invention is by experiment in cultivation, in vegetative growth phase, and the performance grow prolifically, well developed root system, disease resistance is strong, obviously is better than control treatment, and the contrast root system development is obstructed, the performance poor growth, soil-borne disease is easy to get.While entering reproductive stage, performance is than contrast Blooming, result, and fruit colour is bright-coloured, and single fruit weight, higher than contrast, is plucked results in advance than contrast.Fruit quality is delicious, look bright, storage tolerance.By test in 2 years, the nutritive cube cultivation all than the obvious high yield of natural Nutrition Soil (ck), showed as the tomato volume increase more than 50%, 1.8 times of green pepper volume increase on fruit yield.Test performance, green pepper, under the cultivation of routine nature Nutrition Soil, was nourished and grown vigorous, performance group planting phenomenon, result not, output is very low, grows undesired.

Claims (10)

1. an organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer is characterized in that: be to be made by raw material and the method for following ratio of weight and number:
Agricultural solid residue: crop material 50-80 part;
Animal dung 10-30 part;
Microbiobacterial agent 0.05-0.1 part;
Cinder 5-10 part;
Biological power plant ash 5-10 part;
Wilkinite 2-4 part;
Vinelandii 0.1-0.2 part;
Water-holding agent 0.5-2 part;
Method:
Get the raw material in formula, after agricultural solid residue is comprised to all kinds of crop material blending animal dung, the microbe inoculation microbial inoculum, heap fermentation under normal temperature condition, turning when temperature rises to 60-70 ° of C in heap, complete the fermentation decomposition when extremely in heap, temperature is down to normal temperature, then mixes cinder, the biological power plant ash, wilkinite, add vinelandii, water-holding agent, regulate the pH value to 6.5-7, by batch production production mold pressing, be processed into nourishing body or nutritive cube.
2. a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: stalk used is one or more the mixture in corn, paddy rice, soybean, wheat, broomcorn straw, to be chopped into 3-5mm long through rubbing, pulverizing for stalk used, water spills wet, makes relative water content at 50%-65%.
3. a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described animal dung comprises one or more mixtures in chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung, sheep excrement.
4. a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the mixed bacteria liquid that described microbiobacterial agent is yeast, milk-acid bacteria, ratio is 4:6.
5. a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water-holding agent is polyacrylamide PAM water-loss reducer of soil.
6. a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the waste pollutant lime-ash that described biological power plant ash produces for straw electric generation plant.
7. a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the wilkinite of the reprocessing that described wilkinite is the generation of industrial colliery.
8. a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vinelandii are klebsiella (Klebsiella) and blown-ball Azotobacter (A. chroococcum), and ratio is 1:1.
9. the polymeric production method of a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the raw material and the step that comprise following ratio of weight and number:
Agricultural solid residue: crop material 50-80 part;
Animal dung 10-30 part;
Microbiobacterial agent 0.05-0.1 part;
Cinder 5-10 part;
Biological power plant ash 5-10 part;
Wilkinite 2-4 part;
Vinelandii 0.1-0.2 part;
Water-holding agent 0.5-2 part;
Get the raw material in formula, after agricultural solid residue is comprised to all kinds of crop material blending animal dung, the microbe inoculation microbial inoculum, heap fermentation under normal temperature condition, turning when temperature rises to 60-70 ° of C in heap, complete the fermentation decomposition when extremely in heap, temperature is down to normal temperature, then mixes cinder, the biological power plant ash, wilkinite, add vinelandii, water-holding agent, regulate the pH value to 6.5-7, by batch production production mold pressing, be processed into nourishing body or nutritive cube.
10. the application of a kind of organic-biological multielement plant nutrition polymer as claimed in claim 1 in utilizing non-farmland plantation crop, described non-farmland comprises saltings, desert, Gobi desert or city roof platform.
CN2013103995820A 2013-09-05 2013-09-05 Organic biological multi-element plant nutrient polymer and production method thereof Pending CN103449927A (en)

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CN104584938B (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-09-28 浙江大学 A kind of nonirrigated farmland tree-planting water-keeping fertilizer plate makes and prepares and application
CN105272772A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-01-27 广西农垦国有立新农场 Special additive for orange trees and preparation method of additive
CN105418305A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-03-23 遵义市林盛种植场 Composite fertilizer for planting sweet osmanthus and preparation method thereof
CN106613485A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-05-10 肖美 Seed cladding material for planting in salt and alkali and desert soil, and biological conversation vegetative body prepared by utilizing seed cladding material
CN106747733A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-05-31 航天凯天环保科技股份有限公司 A kind of method that utilization biomass power plant ash and feces of livestock and poultry produce organic fertilizer
CN107266251A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-20 乌鲁木齐好到家农业科技有限公司 It is a kind of for the soil nutrient activator in salt-soda soil and preparation method thereof
CN107253879A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-10-17 酒泉农辉农业科技开发有限公司 Prevent and treat soilless culture substrate of eggplant disease and preparation method thereof
CN107338056A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-11-10 临沂丰邦植物医院有限公司 A kind of green micro organism soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN107338056B (en) * 2017-07-07 2020-05-19 临沂丰邦植物医院有限公司 Green microbial soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN107810829A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-03-20 江苏省农业科学院 Application of the biomass electric power plant lime-ash in matrix preparation
CN108432596A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-08-24 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of Resistant cultivation matrix and preparation method based on agricultural wastes
CN108522212A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-14 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of Resistant straw cultivation matrix nutrition block and its preparation and application
CN109258391A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-01-25 新疆沙田农业综合开发有限公司 Desert greenhouse Soil building and its planting type
CN109988017A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-09 山东省农业科学院玉米研究所 A kind of microbial bacterial agent and preparation method thereof suitable for salt affected soil corn planting
CN110002915A (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-07-12 太原理工大学 A kind of micropore sludge water-preserving nutritive condensate and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20131218